T HE MICHIGAN DAILY
TUUESD)AY, JUNE 4, 1946
IT SO HAPPENS...
* Who's Running This University?
etter to te 6 ilor
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
A Willing Worker
HORACE RACKHAM had no idea of what
goes on in the building he left the University.
A couple of nights ago, an illustrated lecture
was given in the Rackham Amphitheatre.
The room was dark. A member of the Uni-
versity sociology department was deep in discus-
All at once, a door opened, a janitor poked
his head into the slit, and proclaimed, "I'm
sorry folks, but there'l have to be some lights in
* * * *
Now, Now, Just Relax
V ANDALS BROKE INTO the Publications
Building the other night, destroying candy
and cigarette machines.
In the words of our sage City Editor:
"You can't even get a cigarette any more,
the Underworld's taken over."
Enough Is Enough
p ERHAPS THE MOST sinister note we've
heard in reference to the Detroit-Is-Proud-
of-Itself Golden Jubilee was raised by a half-
cocked friend of ours who makes a habit of
indulging in free association.
This lad gave one cursory glance to the
Jubilee's official crest showing an automobile
cou6hant with a giant machine-wheel leaning
artistically over it, and said before we could
cover our ears:
"The man in the car's being swallowed up by
his own machine."
We presented him with an autographed copy
of R.U.R. and fled the office.
* * * *
WILIJAM CREAR, Jr., a Yale man, has been
appointed superintendent of selling service
in charge of the second and third floors at
Macy's in New York City, a news release in-
Crear formerly was assistant division super-
intendent of selling service in charge of the
NIGHT EDITOR: EUNICE MINTZ
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
ninth floor and has been succeeded in that
post by J. Bradley Haight, a 1927 graduate
of the University of Michigan.
We're backing our boy Haight to plummet
past Crear in the Macy hierarchy when the
next vacancy in the bargain basement opens
We're not telling Gimbels, either.
* * * *
WE WERE INFORMED today that one more
good war would put man back in the kit-
chen, the same letter insisting that women will
have all the industrial jobs. We prefer to retain
our own ideas about where one more good war
will put both parties.
(Items appearing in this column are written
by members of the Daily editorial staff and edited
by the Editorial Director.)
B lack Listed
By DREW PEARSON
WO OF THE FAMOUS PASQUEL brothers,
who have been causing such headaches to
U.S. baseball club owners, once were on the State
Department's black list for trading with the
This became known as the furore over the
Mexican League increased with the "stealing"
of Max Lanier, star Cardinal pitcher, together
with Fred Martin, another pitcher, and in-
fielder Lou Klein, all of the Cardinals.
State Department officials admitted that in
December 1941, at the time of Pearl Harbor,
Bernardo and Jorge Pasquel had been placed
on the American black list because they had been
trading with the enemy. Officials refused to ela-
borate on the nature of the Pasquel brothers'
Nazi connections, but said that after a brief
interval they were taken off the black list fol-
lowing receipt of a signed affidavit that the
two Mexicans would behave in the future.
The Pasquel brothers have caused more havoc
in the ranks of American baseball than any other
development in history, having robbed the Brook-
lyn Dodgers of Mickey Owen, the New York Gi-
ants of Danny Gardella and Harry Feldman, the
Philadelphia Athletics of Bobby Estalella, to-
gether with various other major league players.
Two suits in New York and St. Louis are now
pending to prevent these Mexican raids.
(Copyright, 1946, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
Army Promotion Proposals
THE DOOLITTLE "Gripe Board" last week of class distinction is necessary in the Army
announced its recommendations for reform- simply because many officers lack the qualities
ing the Army "caste" system. Searching through of leadership to enforce their authority.
the morass of tradition, war-bred dissatisfac- Inept officers who lack the necessary quali-.
tion, charges and counter-charges, the board ties of leadership, gain obedience only by using
stated the real cause of officer-enlisted man the threat of court martial under'the Articles
troubles. of War. The Articles of War, the only legal
The board declared that "much of the pre- basis for maintaining the artificial position
sent structure of our Army harks back" to the of some officers, are constantly used to achieve
old Prussian and British military orders. Ba- obedience in enlisted men, whether in
sically that is the fault of the Army caste training or combat. But in combat, the true
set-up. The present system is based on the test of an effectiveness of an army, even that
traditional rights of a privileged class, ra- instrument for gaining submission doesn't al-
ther than on the American concept of ability as ways bring about the desired results. When a
the prerequisite for authority. Officers are man refuses to go forward because he is afraid
granted privileges indiscriminately, simply of being killed, he won't change his mind when
because they are officers, not because they an officer threatens him with court martial.
deserve such privileges. The dire results of court martial become mean-
Combat men are only too familiar with offi- ingless, when a man is likely to die anyway.
cers who let their non-coms do the leading in Only by real leadership, by his own example,
battle, but then took command again back in can an officer move men under fire.
a rear area. In combat the right to command In order that officer promotions be made
depended on the .ability to lead men, but when on the basis of ability the "Gripe Board" has
there was no shooting that right became directly proposed that the officers be promoted according
proportional to rank. Officially the Army re- to a merit system-one which would permit
cognizes rank as the sole criterion of leadership. officers to be demoted, too, or dismissed if in-
Admittedly an army must have an officer competent-rather than on the basis of senior-
corps, but those officers should be real leaders, ity. The board also said that officers ought
not merely "gentlemen by act of Congress." The first to serve a year in the ranks. If these recom-
experience of the Russian rabble army in which mendations, placing the right to command on
everyone was "comrade" proves the need for the basis of ability rather than seniority and
men in positions of authority and responsibility. traditional privilege, are adopted by the War
Yet, all too often our so-called "officers" have Department, the United States. Army will be
not been worthy of the name. The phoney barrier worthy of its name. -Stuart Finlayson
To the Editor:
AS A VETERAN who has recently returned
from Germany, I find that the collection by
the Deutscher Verein (German Club) for the
"poor starving Germans" is an insult to every
intelligent student on the campus and is espe-
cially offensive to war veterans who saw how
well-fed and unrepentant the "poor starving
Germans" are. Common sense and decency de-
mands that the victims of German enslavement,
starvation, and persecution receive our aid first,
last, and foremost. What will our allies and
friends, the French, Belgians, Norwegians, Rus-
sians, Dutch, Poles, etc. think of our perverted
sense of charity if we feed their persecutors
when they themselves are in dire need of all
available assistance at our disposal?
Let us hope that the faculty members and
others who determine the policy for the Deut-
scher Verein are victims of gross ignorance
rather than- incorrigible pro-German apologists
or unwitting Nazi propagandists.
-Donald B. Parish
** * *
Business Foreign Policy
To the Editor:
IN LAST WEEK'S DISPUTE of J. Gore vs. C.
Dickey, Mr. Dickey raises an extremely pro-
vocative point. He asks, in effect, how American
big business could profit in dollars and cents by
the State Department's rbfusal at the Paris Con-
ference to grant Italian ships and reparations
payments to Russia and to grant Trieste to
Assuming as this question does, that the State
Department's current Get-Tough-With-Russia
policy is dictated by the lobbies of American Big
Business, I would like to expand upon this point
to ask a larger and more significant question.
How could American big business profit by
the suppression of democratic movements in
Greece and Java? By the preservation of Nazism
and war potential in Germany? By the protection
of Fascism in Spain? By the encouragement of
totalitarianism in China? To argue that there
is such a direct connection between private
profit and international politics is not easy, but
it can be done.
To illustrate that such a situation is possible
I would like to point out two parallels. It is evi-
dentdent that a serious inflation in the United
States would open the gateway to complete
economic collapse. It is equally evident that the
abolition of price control at the present time
would lead us, and is already leading us, straight
toward such an inflation. Yet American big
business, in such lobbies as that of e N.A.M.
has spent hundreds of thousands of dollars to
smash price controls.
It is painfully clear that the American people
had to spend billions of dollars to smash the
Nazi war machine. Yet we have mountains of
evidence showing that Hitler's legions were
financed in a large part by American and British
capital. Surely the American businessmen in
the days of Munich were not imbeciles. Surely
they are not acting for their health, or for sweet
-Cornelius J. Loeser
... at the Michigan
"The Ziegfeld Follies"; a cinema review
produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, directed
by Vincente Minelli.
AFTER SEVERAL MONTHS from the ravages
of technicolor I took my smoke-colored
glasses out of the moth-balls and journeyed
forth to view "The Ziegfeld Follies." It is an im-
mense, frankly opulent review with a huge cast
I would be the last to suggest that The Follies
are notable entertainment. In the thirties there
was a series of musicals starring Fred Astaire
that, for sheer good taste and charm, equalled
Broadway's best and have remained unsur-
passed on the screen. Alongside these fondly re-
membered 'baubles, The Follies seem tasteless and
Yet the Follies seem indicative in places of a
growing sense of film technique. It is, among
other things, executed as a review pure and sim-
ple. For the first time in this field, the movies
haven't apologized for a review by injecting
a flimsy plot line or by passing it off as a
photographed stage musical, replete with pro-
scenium arch and other stage embellishments.
No amount of Hollywood trappings can quite
obscure the sophisticated charm of Fred As-
taire's dancing. For the film's outstanding se-
quence, Gertrude Lawrence's old torch number,
"Limehouse Blues," is the 'backing for a finely
atmospheric pantomine featuring Astaire and
Lucille Bremer in a flawlessly executed Chinese
fan dance (not of the Sally Rand variety, I
hasten to qualify).
... at the State
Paulette Goddard in "Diary of A Chamber-
maid," with Burgess Meredith, Francis Le-
derer and Hurd Hatfield.
"We are not amused.'
Publication in the Daily Oficiai Bul- -
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,<
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p.m. on the day3
preceding publication (11:00 a.m. Sat-
TUESDAY, JUNE 4, 1946
VOL. LVI, No. 155
School of Education Convocation:
The eleventh annual Convocation of
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA-It
has been more than two years
since I last saw the Lockheed plant.
Today it is like a lake which has
frozen over, with only a bit of free
water left in one or two coves. It is
so hushed that it is a surprise to learn
that the company is still more than
ten times as big as it was before the
war. In terms of number of em-
ployees, it has something about
twenty thousand now, as compared
with two thousand then; but at the
height of its war production it went
up to ninety-five thousand, which
gives some idea of the convulsive in-
halation and exhalation of humanity
which has taken place on these pre-
The great yards which used to
swarm with P-38's are now as bare
as school playgrounds on a holi-
day. This has little to do with the
contraction of activity, which was
expected, and, indeed, has been less
than was expected. It has some-
thing to do with the way people
feel after a war.
The working force is restless. Its
discontent does not lie with the
plant, but with the world. It has
something to do with not being able
to find a fit place in which to live,
with not being able to buy anything
worthwhile for one's money, with
paying $4.00 for a shirt and having
it shrink to the elbows after being
washed. It has something to do with
fear of the .future, one's own failure,
aviation's future, the world's future.
Lockheed has retired 4900 "Lockheed
veterans," i.e. men who left its plants
to go to war. Of this number, 1100
are already gone, and, in this group,
more than 100 said that they were
leaving to buy farms, about 300 that
they couldn't stand local housing
conditions, 150 that they wanted to
go to school, and about ninety that
they expected to go into business for
themselves, usually in the electrical
appliance field. But the discontented
from other places come here, and
there are ex-waitresses who have
decided not to take it from the cus-
tomers any longer; and ex-school
teachers who prefer clean factory
work to small-town board politics.
The uneasy postwar tide flows
through the plant, as men and wo-
men look for a place in which to park
their lives, and find it for a shorter
or longer time in this barnyard of
airplanes, which lies near the air-
port, among filling stations and utili-
tarian roads, in a corner of Cali-
fornia so workaday that one cannot
tell it, at eye-level, from Birming-
ham or Des Moines, but must look
up into the sky to know that one is
in California at all.
Plant officials are aware of the
uneasiness below, which they know
to be general, and not confined to
Lockheed. "It's like everybody was
in a funny kind of holiday mood, but
worried at the same time," says one.
Asked about what steps could be
taken to change the mood, he shook
his head. "It's not just money" he
said. "They're not anxious for over-
time work, when we have it, and the
union was glad to accept an extra
holiday, Friday after Memorial Day,
without pay. It's not any one thing.
It's the way things are."
Another official tries to put it
into words. "It's like people got the
idea during the war that everything
has to go up and up. When it stops
going up and up, they're shocked and
unhappy." And so a man works on
the wing of one of the handsome
Constellations which are made here,
and dreams about an electrical ap-
pliance shop he means to have. Out-
side, in the sun, sits a Constellation
which has been made and marked
up for KIM, the Dutch line, and
another for the French Air Service;
custom jobs, as compared with the
hordes of anonymous airplanes made
here during the war, and signs of
that change in affairs which grips
with fear the bellies of many thou-
sands. A great steel ball swings from
a crane, and batters down a row
of concrete huts on the edge of the
parking lot, demolishing the bomb
shelters which the company had put
up for the war.
(Copyright, 1946, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
undergraduate and graduate stu-i
dents who are candidates for the1
Teacher's Certificate during the aca-'
demic year will be held in the Uni-
versity High School Auditorium to-
day at two o'clock. This Convocation
is sponsored by the School of Edu-
cation, and members of other facul-;
ties, students, and the general public
are cordially invited. President Ruth-
yen will preside and Dr. James P.
Adams, Provost of the University.
will give the address.
Students, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: Professor
Haber of the Department of Eco-
nomics will present a lecture to our
student,, on "Occupational Tiends
and Job Prospects," today at 4:30
p.m., 1025 Angell Hall
Football Tickets: Football admis-
sion tickets for University of Michi-
gan students will be issued at the
time of registration for the fall se-
Students who wish to purchase
tickets for their parents or friends
should order tickets before August
1 to be assured of receiving them.
Application blanks for ticketsmay
be obtained at the ticket office in
the Administration Buildin'g on Fer-
ry Field between 8:30 a.m. and 4:30
To all house Directors: The record
blanks which you are being asked to
fill out may be called for in the Office
of the Dean of Women on Thurs-
day, June 6.
German Departmental Library
Books are due in the departmental
office on June 10 regardless of the
due date stamped in the book.
All women students attending Sen-
ior Ball will have 2:30 permission.
Calling hours will not be extended.
Students: Colleges of Literature,
Science and the Arts; Architecture
and Design; Schools of Education;
Forestry and Conservation; Music;
and Public Health. Blueprints will
be mailed in June to the address on
each student's permanent record. If
there has been a change in the home
address since your first registration,
please notify the Registrar's Office,
Room 4, University Hall.
Recommendations for Department-
al Honors: Teaching departments
wishing to recommend tentative June
graduates from the College of Lit-
erature, Science, and the Arts, and
the School of Education for depart-
mental honors should send such
names to the Registrar's Office, Room
4 University Hall, by noon of June
LaVerne Noyes Scholarships: Pres-
ent holders of these scholarships
who wish to be considered for the
year 1946-47 should present appli-
cations for renewal to F. E. Robbins,
Assistant to the President, 1021
Angell Hall, before the end of the
All NROTC students who have ap-
plied for admission to the College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts for
the Spring Term who have not re-
ceived their admission certificates
please call at 1209 Angell Hall as
soon as possible.
Willow Village Program for Vet-
erans and their Wives:.
Tuesday, June 3: Discusion Group,
7:30 p.m. Office.
Tuesday, June 4: Safety Series,
"Home Groan," Miss Frances E. Wil-
son, Home Demonstration Agent of
followed by movie on canning. 8:00
p.m. Village Community House.
Wednesday, June 5: Bridge, 2-4
and 8-10 p.m. Conference Room,
Thursday, June 6: Home Planning
Group invited to attend Tuesday
evening Safety Series program.
Saturday, June 8: Record Dance
8:30 p.m. Auditorium.
Sunday, June 9: Classical Music,
Records, 3-5 p.m. Office.
Lecture, College of Architecture
and Design: Tau Sigma Delta,
Architecture and Design Honorary,
will sponsor Mr. Roger Allen, Pres-
ident, Michigan Society of Archi-
tects, Wednesday, June 5, 4:15 p.m.,
in the College of Architecture audi-
torium. The annual Tau Sigma
Delta Sophomore awards will be
made at this time. The public is
Mr. Harold II. Burgess of Michigan
State College will speak on the Hin-
terlands of Liberia at 4:15, Wed-
nesday, June 5, in Room 2039 Natu-
ral Science Building.
The talk is sponsored by the School
of Forestry and Conservation and the
Department of Botany, and will be
illustrated with colored slides. All
interested are cordially invited to
Doctoral Examination for William
11. Sullivan, Chemistry,, thesis:"Arti-
ficially Produced Radioisotopes of
Tungsten and Rhenium." to be held
today at 2:00 p.m., in the East Coun-
cil Room, Rackham Building. Chair-
man, K. Fajans.
Make-up examination in Geology
12 will be held Wednesday, June 5,
at 4:00 p.m., in Room 2054 Natural
Sociology 196: Final examination
Tuesday, June 11, from 7:00-9:00
p.m., Room D, Haven Hall.
Seminar in physical chemistry will
meet today in Room 410 Chemistry
Building at 4:15 p.m.
Sister Miriam Michael will speak on
"Light absorption of iodine in differ-
ent solvents" and Mr. James Lutton
will speak on "Oxygen-fluorine com-
pounds." All interested are invited.
Speech Concentrates: Please call at
the Speech office, 3211 Angell Hall, to
sign up for appointments with the
Students, College of Engineering:
Students, now enrolled, who expect to
attend the 1946 Summer Session
should report at the Secretary's Of-
fice, 263 West Engineering Building.
Sophomores with B standing inter-
ested in enrolling in the College Hon-
ors Program for their Junior and
Senior years should see Professor
Dodge, 17 Angell Hall. Office hours:
1:00 to 2:30 daily, except Tuesday.
Attention June Graduates: College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts,
School of Education, School of Mu-
Sic, School of Public Health:
Students are advised not to request
grad e of I or X in June. When such
grades are absolutely imperative, the
work must be made up in time to al-
low your instructor to report the
make up grade not later than noon,
June 27. Grades received after that
time may defer the student's grad-
uation until a later date.
Student Recital: Harry I. Phillips
will present a recital in partial ful-
fillment of the requirements for the
degree of Master of Music in Wood-
wind Instruments, at 8:30 this eve-
ning in Rackham Assembly Hall.
He will be assisted by Mildred
Andrews, pianist, and Edward Or.
mond, violist, in a program during
which he will play compositions for
the clarinet, flute, and oboe. His in-
structors have been Albert Luconi
and Russell Howland. The public
is cordially invited.
University of Michigan Women's
Glee Club, Marguerite V. Hood Con-
ductor, will present its annual spring
concert at 8:30AThursday evening,
>June 6, in Hill Auditorium.
The first half of the program will
consist of compositions by Brahms,
Rachmaninoff, Rossini, Kernochan,
Wood, and Hageman, while the sec-
ond half, entitled "Latin-American
Fiesta", will feature appropriate mu-
sic. It will be open to the general
public without charge.
Better fishing? Rotunda, Museum'
Building. Through June 30. 8:00-9:00
week days; 2:00-5:00, Sundays and
Michigan Historical Collections.
"Public Schools in Michigan." Hours:
8:00 to 12:00, 1:30 to 4:30 Monday
(Continued on Page 4)
Communist Control in Czechoslovakia
ALTHOUGH the Communists seemed yester-
day to be losing in the French elections, in received from UNRRA. They seem worrie
Czechoslovakia last week they secured the largest the reaction of the United States (fror
single party vote and the parties of the left a they are seeking a 200 million dollar lo
slight majority in the general parliament, the trend to communism.
The Czechoslovakian government, however, is However, friendship with Russia isz
pledged to retain its coalition character, and the and inevitable for the Czechs, situateda
pledgedn, frstsic 1935,ihas horwnternlnd the are almost in the position of a bridge b
election, first since 1935, has shown only the eastern and western Europe. Close trad
relative strength of the four parties-Communist, eatranwsenEuo.Cletad
National Socialist, Social Democrat, and People's. boration between the two countries is
Nonetheless, tliere seem to be two ways to look taking place, though it is not yet as im
at the situation-from the viewpoint of those to Czechoslovakia as is trade with the
who are optimistic about the country's progress Sts.
and utue wih te dmocrticinsttutons In this geographic advantageous po
and future with the democratic institutions Czechoslovakia will probably retain ful
which have sprung up with renewed vigor since'
the war, or from that of those who fear the pendence, without Russian interferenc
the aror rom hatof hosewhofea th we may hope for her under the Comi
growth of communism anywhere, in any form. the continued success of the combina
In support of the former is the great emphasis t
on individual liberty with freedom of the press individual liberties and socialized gove
and assembly, heightened no doubt by so many that she is striving for.
years of foreign control. The recent elections ---Elinor_____
were free, and furthermore, there was no ques-
tion of the Communists being elected by an BARNABY
active fraction of the electorate, for Czecho-
slovakia has a compulsory voting law with My Fairy Godfather is going toaskI
seven and a half million people required to vote. MeIno th e Inv 1isib Inrr han.n
Edited and managed by students of the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of Student Publications.
Come to think of it,ca fast fielding,
hard htin I nepnean inoll heln
By Crockett Johnson
Being invisible, McSnoyd, you can roam the
inner outfield. And the outer infield. As
Emily E. Knapp
Tn'n n lfmnrapq
. . Managing Editor
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . City Editor
. . . . . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
. . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
. . . . . .. .. . Sports Editor
Associate Sports Editor
. . . . . . . . . . . . Women's Editor
- AsnrintP Women'sEditore