THE MICHIGAN DAILY SUNDAY, MAY
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Mtargaret Farmer ..... . . Managing Editor
Bale Champion . . . . . . . Editorial Director
Robert Goldman . . . . . . . . . City Editor
Enily E. Knapp . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Pat Cameron . . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Clark Baker . . . . . . . . . Sports Editor
Des Howarth . . . . . . . Associate Sports Editor
Ann Schutz . . . . . . . . . . Women's Editor
Dona Guimaraes . . . . Associate Women's Editor
Dorothy Flint ,. . . . . Business Manager
Joy Altman . . . ... Associate Business Manager
Evelyn Mille . . . . Associate Business Manager
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newbpaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
iecond-class mail matter.
Subscription during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
REPRE ENTRD FOR NATIONAL AVEnR1'NG1 SY
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
420 MADiSON AVE. - NEW YORK. N. Y.
CHICAGO - BOSTON. LOS ANGELES * SAN FRANCISCO
$fember, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46
NIGHT EDITOR: MAL ROEMER
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
r5. a -.- . 5.rrr
Top Secret by Ralph Ingersoll, Harcourt, Brace,
and Co. 264 pages.
RALPH INGERSOLL, himself a controversial
personality, invariably writes in complete
bald-face about the most controversial topic
available. "Top Secret" is no exception. From
a vantage point with SHAEF from the planning
stages of the invasion until V-E Day, he watched
the top echelons at work, and emerged - as
might have been expected - with this boolm.
He finds Field Marshal Montgomery responsible
for costly mistakes, hints broadly that Eisenhower
was far from being a military genius, and bends
the laurel wreath over the unassuming brow of
General Omar Bradley top field commander.
What's more he does it convincingly.
, * ,~ *
The Snake Pit by Mary Jane Ward. Random
House. 278 pages.
"RACING the incongruous labyrinth of "a mind
on vacation," "The Snake Pit" is a story of
a woman's recovery from the brink of insanity.
The title, an allusion to a primitive 'medicine-
man' approach to the problem of curing lunacy,
is a depressing, incoherent, but fascinating ac-
count of the torments of hospital life as it ap-
pears to the patient. --Mary Brush
* * F *
This House Against This House, by Vincent Shee-
an. Random House, New York, 1946.
A GLOBAL. WAR, and what it means and may
mean, is difficult to translate into under-
standable terms. That is what Vincent Sheean
just fails to do in this latest of a series which
began with "Personal History", and includes
"Not Peace but a Sword" and "Between Thunder
and the Sun." -Ann Kutz
Basic Trou ble-WCoal Uneconomic
ONE PHASE of the present dispute over the
demands of the United Mine Workers on the
bituminous coal operators has been considerably
neglected. To me, it seems to be basic. It is the
subject of the general economic outlook of the
Let's -look at how the operator's arguments
line up. They have been forced to recognize
the need for the health and welfare fund which
the miners have demanded, and are now pulling
red herrings over Mr. Lewis' integrity and ability
to administer the fund. Also, they claim that the
industry cannot afford to support the fund.
Something sounds a bit funny. The opera-
tors claim on one hand that they are eager to
provide adequate health funds and will do so
if they can be assured that it will be properly
used, and on the other hand they say they can't
possibly make the necessary contributions to
IT IS this last point which requires investiga-
tion. It seems that the coal industry is trap-
ped. The health and welfare fund demands, the
operators claim, are three times as great as the
net profits for the industry over the 1936-39
base period. How this is relevant I fail to see,
The situation now is not the same as during the
1936-39 period. Profits in the industry are now
running close to six times the miners' health
So the operators say they can't pay the de-
manded contributions unless the cost is passed
on to the consumer. And, if this is done, con-
sumers will divert power demands to other
sources which will then be more economic.
Whereas coal provided from 60 to 70 per cent
of the industrial energy of the 1900 to 1917 per-
iod, this declined to about 40 per cent in 1940.
With increased costs of coal if the miners' de-
mands go through, more cheaply available
sources of petroleum, natural gas and hydro-
electric power can be expected to further dis-
place coal as sources of industrial power.
That is just what should happen. The cost
of maintaining the health of employes should be
considered a real and proper cost in any pro-
ductive activity. If, when this cost is assumed,
the industry cannot function economically and
provide a profit for its entrepreneur, as the en-
trepreneurs claim, it is most beneficial to the
national economy in the long run if that industry
is displaced. Since it appears that this must hap-
pen in the case of the bituminous coal industry,
this is the ideal time to have it occur. Operators
will be able to keep the mines running until in-
dustries which use soft coal can convert to use
of less expensive fuel supplies. When this has
.occurred, the days of the soft-coal mines will
be at an end, and properly so.
Unite i Futility
IT IS TIME to bring to public notice and at-
tention the odd fact that both major parties
are in complete agreement on precisely those
administration policies which have been com-
plete disasters during the past year. There is
no official quarrel between Republicans and
Democrats on the handling of the atomic bomb,
on the world food famine, and on our relations
Now, ordinarily, when an administration is
guilty of producing a royal gum-up on any
issue of valid public interest and concern, the
opposition stands ready to clain that it, with
its obviously greater wisdom, could have avert-
ed disaster. But if there is any leading Repub-
lican now saying that he favors a policy differ-
ent from the official one on the atomic bomb,
on the world famine, or on our relations with
Russia, he is saying it into his beard, and we
cannot hear him.
THESE ARE bi-partisan turkeys. On atomic
energy, Mr. Truman has appointed Mr. Ber-
nard Baruch as the American member of the
United Nations Atomic Energy Commission, and '
Mr. Baruch (to the loud cheers of both parties)
has named a group of his business friends, none
of whom knows a uranium atom from a block of
basalt, to help him draft a policy.
Actually, we have no national atomic ener-
gy policy. Mr. Baruch is our policy; his awe-
some prestige in American life has made him
a convenient peg on which to hang the issue;
and his prestige is probably great enough to
make both parties swallow whatever policy he
ON THE WORLD FAMINE, Mr. Truman and
Mr. Hoover work together; on our relations
with Russia it is Byrnes and Vandenberg. The
two parties are inextricably mixed in these fields;
it is quite impossible to say that there is a Demo-
cratic policy or a Republican policy; it is all one.
And there is something a shade frightening
about it all; for while unity is always touching,
it should be unity for success, and what we have
here is failure. We have no atomic energy policy;
we have bungled our contribution to world feed-
ing; our relations with Russia were never worse.
When some of the greatest failures on record
go unquestioned by the opposition, Americans
are entitled to look about them, and into their
hearts, for new sources of inspiration and guid-
(Copyright, 1946, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
WE WHO TASTE VICTORY should feel that
dull thud of hitting bottom which the Euro-
peans know. Hunger as a word is just too soon
over. A fed people does not understand. If Mr.
LaGuardia were empowered to half starve us
all - leaving us with one meal a day until the
careless ease and bubbling energy would be re-
placed by bewildered thrusts and feeble fear -,
we would be able to grasp the situation. Pierre
van Passen, as was expected of him, in Earth
Could Be So Fair, has produced a book which
bleeds. He talks about the "deep inbeing" of a
people, their "very ethos" being destroyed.
We know such words as pathological and
patho-biological. Both of them were derived
from pathos. Pathos in a way is the opposite
of ethos. Everything which a pathological pa-
tient has left behind, -- the free functioning of
all the faculties, due to full flowing energies
in normal organs is included in ethos. When
such energy of a person in the command of
pure homely intentions, is aimed in a direction
to attain its goal'by the grace of human under-
standing, we sense the ethos of a person or a
people. We do well to warn ourselves that there
are degradations from which our world might
never recover and the signs are not political.
HOWEVER there is another phase of this loss of
ethos which suggests a status moving toward
decay. The "almost normal" person under' strain
is certain to think of himself as fully normal
and is certain to think that all the others of the
humarn family are ill or out of step. As we look
at Europe and also at our behavior since the
fighting ceased we do well to ask if it is not we
Americans who are in the pathological case. Cer-
tainly Dr. Hafez Afifi Pasha of Egypt is correct
in his report that U.N. has disappointed the
peoples of the world. We of the United States
are not doing so well. Have we perspectives?
Have we a realism which spells direction? Are
our attitudes those which, if adopted by all men,
would issue in a sane orderly course to specific
worthy goals? Or are we confused, uncertain,
fearful so that our behavior is contradictory,
suicidal and futile? If we find ourselves in such
case, then again it is religion we need, a focus-
ing of the attntion of each person on the all-
good, the healing ethos - God.
It seems trite to say that religion is what is
needed if we are to begin the restoration of the
peoples our men were called upon to bomb. We
mean a certain kind of religion, a soulful human
sympathy backed by tenacity of that patient
variety which never gets defeated. Today one
might say that only in the humanity of man to
man can Divinity be found. We refer to that
sort of religion which grows out of an heirarchy
of values where the fundamental human needs
of all mankind meet at its base. Other values
common to all races, all creeds, all nationalities
will follow those basic ones, but will draw in the
margins. Values in an heirarchy become selec-
tive. In such an heirarchy truth, beauty, and
goodness of the Greek philosopher, Karma of
the Hindu, and Nirvana of the Buddhist, will be
found with the Christian's faith, hope and
chagity toward the top of our pyramid. Had we
as a people firm grasp on such a religion we could
spell out world morale.
"The suffering God is no vast cosmic force,
That by some blind, unthinking, loveless power
Keeps stars and atoms swinging in their course,
And reckons naught of men in this grim hour.
Nor is the suffering of God a fair ideal
Engendered in the questioning hearts of men,
A figment of the mind to help me steel
My soul to rude realities I ken.
God suffers with a love that cleanses dross;
A God like that, I see upon a cross."
-Georgia Harkness, Holy Flame
Edward W. Blakeman},
Counselor in Religious Education
N THE COLUMN last week, an effort was made
to treat a jazz trend which impressed me, at
the time, as new and important. The trend, for
want of a better name, was labeled "West Coast
jazz", and my criticism of it was intended as a
favorable one. Since then, a series of written
and verbal replies has informed me that this re-
view was ill-timed, misguided and wide of its
mark, and that I had mistaken the scattered
symbols of a whole new jazz school for the real
These critics maintained that the lack of com-
ment here about the new "re-bop" style of swing
was quite out of keeping with its popularity and
its merits. They pointed out the overwhelming-
ly enthusiastic receptions it has had in New
York and on the Coast, and they named a host
of mature, established musicians who have now
renounced the old jazz for the new. Though it
is hard to answer all these charges in the short
space of this column, it might be appropriate
to mention here that if there has been no men-
tion of the "re-bop" in my reviews, it has only
been because no records of it are yet obtainable.
17a .L _J er'ito
Unplug Whose Ears?
To the Editor:
LAST FRIDAY there appeared aI
letter to the Editor which accused
your columnist, John Campbell, of
"swallowing" Hearst propaganda con-1
cerning "Red Fascists," and the
The author of this article, Kenneth'
Goodman, demonstrated conclusivelyj
his inability to logically interpret the,
English language, for Mr. Campbell's
reference to "the magnificent journ-
alistic imaginations which have con-
jured up the giant Red Spectre loom-
ing over the horizon" was as clearly
satire as Mr. Goodman's comments
No, Mr. Goodman, John Campbell
need not "unplug his ears" as you
so advised him, for he hears and un-
derstands the rotten half-truths Wil-
liam Randolph terms journalism. But;
you, Kenneth my boy, should "un-
plug" your mind so that you may use
it to better advantage in interpreting
what is so obvious - the fact that
John shows about as much love for
the Hearst press as you do.
- Bernard (no relation) Goodman
To the Editor:
K(ENNETH GOODMAN'S recent let-
ter to the Editor criticizing my
editorial on the Communist defeat in
France was largely inaccurate and
completely unjustified, as must be
clear to anyone who read both the
editorial and the letter.
Mr. Goodman points out that the
Communists have large memberships
in many European countries, partic-
ularly in France where they number
1,500,000 and constitute the largest
single party. That is exactly the rea-
son why observers throughout the
world considered the Communist de-
feat in the French Constitution ref-
erendum vote as surprising and of
great significance - a belief in which
Contrary to Mr. Goodman's im-
plications, I expressed no opinion
regarding the defeat of the French
Communists. The facts upon which
I based my editorial were reported
in the New York Times. My obser-
vations on the possible effects of
the defeat upon Russian influence,
the French Socialists and U.S. poli-
cy were the results of observations
made by on-the-scene reporters
and competent news analysts.
THE FACT that the Hearst papers
had been advised to substitute
"Red Fascist" for "Comny" in label-
ling Communists for the reason that
"Communism is no longer humor-
ous" was reported in the United
Mine Workers Journal. I considered
both the change and the reason
rather amusing and evidence of in-
fantile journalistic practices, not to
mention unreasonably biased politi-
cal views. Mr. Goodman, unfortun-
ately, somehow found cause for hys-
teria in these facts and, as a result,
his ,doubtless sincere political be-
liefs are obscured and confused by
an incoherent attack upon my own
convictions with which he is amazing-
In my editorial I declared that
"Recent developments . . . do not
seem to indicateaesserious Com-
munistic threat' despite the mag-
nificent journalistic imaginations
which have conjured up the 'Giant
Red Spectre looming over the hori-
zon'." I fail to see just how this
statement leads to Mr. Goodman's
remarkable conclusion that I have
swallowed Hearst's "desperation
With due respect to Mr. Goodman,
t should like to point out that such
obvious misrepresentations as were
contained in his letter are seldom
convincing to the intelligent reader.
His commendable zeal might have
been effective if he had concerned
himself with logic and accuracy
rather than unsubstantial emotional
Ingersoll, Ralph McAllister
Top Secret. New York, Harcourt,
Ships in the River. New York,
Southern California Country.
New York, Duell, Sloan & Pearce,
This House Against This House.
New York, Random House, 1946.
The Friendly Persuasion. New
York, Harcourt, 1945.
The Foxes of Harrow. New York,
The Dial Press, 1946.
(Continued from Page 2) f
Mentor Reports, College of Engin-
eering - Ten-week grades for En-
gineering Freshmen are now due in
Dean Crawford's Office.
Men's Residence Halls. Reapplica-
tions for the FALL and SPRING
TERMS for men now living in the
Residence Halls are ready for dis-
tribution. Blanks may be secured
from the Office of the Dean of Stu-]
dents. All applications for reassign-
ment must be in the hands of the
Dean of Students ON OR BEFORE
Men's Orientation Advisors are ur-
gently needed for the fall term. Men
who will be able to return to Ann
Arbor by Sept. 15, one week before
the start of the term, and who are
willing to act as advisors may leave
their names at the Michigan Union
Student Offices on week days between
3 and 5 p.m. or call Al Farnsworth,
2-3002. There are no restrictions
regarding class or school. Veterans
and men with previous experience
are particularly needed.
Willow Village Program for veterans
and their wives:
Sunday, May 19: Installation Ser-
vice at 11:00 a.m., for Rev. Robert
Boettger. Rev. Henry Yoder offici-
ating. Christ Lutheran Chapel, 1450
Sunday, May 19: Classical Music,
(records). 3 p.m. Office, West Lodge.
Monday, May 20: Child Care Class,
Mrs. Agnes Stahly, 2 p.m., West
Court Community House.
Tuesday, May 21: Discussion
Group, led by Mrs. David Delzell,
Monson Court. "Issues Involved in
Japanese Occupation." 2 p.m. Confer-
ence Room, West Lodge.
Tuesday, May 21: Safety Series,
"Built-in-Safety." Illustrated talk by
Professor George M. McConkey,
School of Architecture. Ms. Joseph
Courtis will discuss furniture ar-
rangements for safety. Sponsored by
Federal Public Housing Authority in
cooperation with Washtenaw Cdunty
Chapter of American Red Cross. -8
p.m. Village Community House.
Wednesday, May 22: Bridge, 2-4
p.m.; 8-10 p.m., Conference Room,
Friday, May 24: Dancing Classes:
Beginners, 7 p.m.; Advanced, 8 p.m.;
Open dancing, 9-10 p.m. Auditorium,
West Lodge. -
Saturday, May 25: Club Room Re-
cord Dance, 8:30-11:30. Club Room,
Sunday, May 26: Classical Music,
records, 3 p m. Office, West Lod e.
Doctoral Examination for William
J. Wingo, Biological Chemistry; the-
sis: "The Synthesis and Intermedi-
ary Metabolism of Some Sulfur Ana-
logues of Cystine: Isocysteine," Tues-
day, May 21; at 2:00 p.m., at 313 West
Medical. Chairman, H. B. Lewis.
English II, Section 26. Assignment
for Monday, May 20 (11 o'clock):
Continue preparation of The Anat-
omy of Peace through page 155.
Sociology 169, Social Legislation,
will not meet Monday, May 20. W. S.
The Chemistry Colloquium will
meet Wednesday, May 22 at 4:15 p.m.
in room 303 Chemistry Building. Mr.
J. J. Moran of the Kimble Glass Com-
pany will speak on "Manufacture of
English Honors. Applications for
admission to the English Honors
Course for seniors should be filed not
later than Saturday, May 25, at 12:00.
They may be left in the English Of-
fice (3221 Angell Hall), or given to
any member of the Committee in
charge. Karl Litzenberg, Paul Mue-
schke, Bennett Weaver, W. R. Hum-
Literature, Science and Arts, 2nd
semester seniors are reminded that
the Profile Tests for Seniors are to
be held in the Rackham Lecture Hall.
Monday morning, May 20, and Tues-
day morning, May 21. The advanced
test will be given Thursday evening,
May 23. Doors will open at 7:50 in
the morning and close promptly at
8:00. In the evening the doors will
open at 6:45 and close at 7:00. Please
bring fountain pens and pencil era-
sers with you to all 3 sessions.
Notice to Sophomore and Senior
Students taking the Profile Examina-
tions: You will be excused from
classes where there is a conflict with
the examinations. Present to your
instructor my communication regard-
ing the test as proof of your eligibil-
ity. Hayward Keniston, Dean
Carillon Recital: Professor Perci-
val Price, University Carillonneur,
will be heard in a recital at 3 p.m.
Program: Mendelssohn's Spring-
song, five spirituals, Spirituoso by
lmmon a o'rnn nf folk nnongs .nd
and Edward Ormond, violist.
public is invited.
Student Recital: Jeannette Haien,
student of Piano under John Kollen,
will present a recital in partial ful-
fillment of the requirements for the
degree of Master of Music at 8:30
this evening in Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre. Program: Compositions by
Bach, Chopin, Ravel, and Schumann,
and will be open to the general pub-
Student Recital: Edward Ormond,
a student of viola under Wassily Be-
sekirsky, will present a recital in
partial fulfillment of the require-
ments for the degree of Master of
Music at 8:30 Monday evening, May
20, in Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Program: Compositions of Brahms,
Glazunov, Edmund Haines, Kabalev-
sky, and R. Vaughan Williams. The
public is cordially invited.
Student Recital: Lucretia Dell, pi-
anist, will be heard in a program pre-
sented in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the degree of Bach-
elor of Music at 8:30 Tuesday eve-
ning, May 21, in Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre. A pupil of Joseph Brink-
man, Miss Dell will play compositions
by Respighi, Schumann, Beethoven,
and Rachmaninoff. The recital is
open to the public.
Student Recital: Francis Peterson,
violinist, will be heard in a recital
given in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the degree of Master
of Music, at 8:30 Wednesday eve-
ning, May 22, in Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre. A pupil of Wassily Bese-
kirsky, Mr. Peterson will play com-
positions by Brahms, Wieniawski,
Kreisler, and Saint Saens. The pro-
gram will be open to the general
There will be no house presidents
meetings for League Houses or Dorm-
itories on Tuesday, May 21. The next
meeting will be Tuesday, May 28.
Graduate Council meeting on Mon-
day, May 20, at 7:30 p.m. in the East
Lecture Room of Rackham Building.
Nominations for provisional officers
will be presented, and the presence
of each council. member is urged.
Phi Sigma, honorary biological
fraternity, will sponsor a talk by Dr.
E. C. Case, professor emeritus of his-
torical geology and paleontology, and
former Chairman of the Geology De-
partment and Director of the Mu-
seum of pAleontology, on Monday,
May 20, in Rackham Amphitheatre
at 8:00 p.m. Dr. Case will speak on
his "Reminiscences and Impressions"
of his years as a professor on this
campus. Students, faculty, and pub-
lic are cordially invited to attend.
The Ann Arbor Library Club will
hold a meeting at 7:45 Tuesday, May
28, in room 110, General Library.
Mr. Eugene Power of the Univer-
sity microfilm will speak on the sub-
ject "Microfilms in the Wam."
Refreshments will be served by the
order department of the University
Tea at Couzens Hall from 3:00 to
5:00 Tuesday, May 21, for University
girls interested in entering nursing
given by the faculty of the School of
Nursing. There will be an opportuni-
ty to see the student residences, the
educational division and some of the
All those interested in going to
Mexico this summer are invited to
306 Romance Language Building,
Wednesday, May 22, at 4:00 p.m.
Several students who attended the
University of Mexico will answer
questions concerning the trip.
The Polonia Club will meet Tues-
day at 7:30 in the International
Center. All those interested in at-
tending the club's picnic this Satur-
day should be present.
Following the business meeting, a
folk-dancing lesson will be given in
An Evening of Bridge is featured at
the International Center every Mon-
day at 7:30 p.m. Sponsored by AN-
CUM, this activity is for anyone in-
First Presbyterian Church. 10:45
a.m. Morning Worship. Dr. Lemon's
sermon will be "Seeing Life Whole".
6:00 p.m. Westminister Guild sup-
per hour. Dr. H. Y. McClusky will
speak on "Courtships that Lead to
First Congregational Church. Rev.
Leonard A. Parr, D.D.
10:45 a.m. Public Worship. The
subject of Dr. Parr's sermon will be
"Are You Convinced?"
6:00 p.m. Congregational-Disciples
Student Guild. Cost supper and pro-
gram at Memorial Christian Church.
Dr. Parr will lead a forum discussion
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
For T hers
FOR YEARS we have been told that our out-
moded, inadequately financed educational sys-
tem will gravely affect the future competence of
the nation; that old-fashioned, inefficient teach-
ing techniques and the low salaries of teachers
have contributed to what the current LOOK
magazine calls "the failure of the American
A survey on supply, demand and placement of
teachers, completed recently by the Bureau of
Appointments and other placement services
throughout the state, reveals that almost 40 per
cent of more than 5,000 Michigan teachers who
have left the profession in the last two and a
half years, will not return.
AND NOTHING is being done about it. Legis-
lators concentrate on other national and
international issues, ignoring one whose future
effects could be devastating. Citizens and tax-
payers make little use of their power as voters
to demand educational reforms.
LOOK magazine points out that in 1942, the
national average salary for college instructors,
$1,872, and $1,902 for high school teachers, was
considerably below the incomes of shipbuilders
and printers. Now, with inflation gaining mo-
mentum, these are not even living wages. This
great weakness in the American educational sys-
tem, causing reduced efficiency and bitterness
in otherwise able, sincere and hardworking men
and women. is the main factor in the acute scar-
city of teachers now facing us.
Through the years, the teaching profession.
once regarded as one of the finest careers for
By Crockett Johnson
You didn't mean to throw the
ball through the window, Mr,
O'Malley. So I'll tell Mom.
In spring training they're a dime a
dozen-It was a knockler that got
away from your Fairy Godfather, But
it We mmst recover the hArsehid
Hmm. A nickel rocket. Let's
call it a wild pitch, Ellen.
My Fairy Godfather
wants you to return
r s th el U n e