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May 10, 1946 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-05-10

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UNDEIGROUNi)
PARKING OTS

Lw&

ati4

COOLER WI 11'l

VOL. LVI, No. 136

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MAY 10, 1946

PRICE FIVE CENTS

CP-MA

Chief

urges

Seizure

of

Coal

Mines

Davis Chosen Congress President

Organization
Plans Made
For Meetings
seveni Members
Of: Cabdinet (411 osen
Ray Davis, a veteran. who served
for two years on the Student Senate,
was elected chief executive of the
new Congress-Cabinet student gov-
erunent last night in the first meet-
ing of Student Congress.
Davis defeated Robert Taylor for
the office of president by an 11-7
vote as the 18 newly elected Student
Congressmen set about organizing
the first campus government since
the war-time demise of the Student
Senate in 143.
'Taylor Vice-President
As President, Davis will preside
over both the Congress and the sev-
en-member executive Cabinet also
elected last night. Cabinet members
are Taylor, vice-president; Virginia
Students interested in forming a
general committee to do work on
student government are asked to
call Congresswoman Judy Chayes
at 2-3119.
Councell, ,recording secretary; Sey-
mour Chase, corresponding secretary;
Terry Whitsitt, treasurer; and gen-
eral members, Harry Jackson and
Steve Scourles.
The first Cabinet meeting is sched-
uled for next Tuesday evening in the
Union.
Agenda Rules Adopted
Congress immediately attacked the
problem of organization by taking ac-
tion on half-a-dozen measures. Un-
der the guidance of President Davis,
they adopted rules for an agenda
in future meetings,. appointment of
committees, and voted Judy Chayes
temporary chairman of the General
Committee to recruit student assis-
tance in the functioning of the gov-
ernment.
Although the Congress is scheduled
to meet only once monthly under the
Congress-Cabinet constitution, mem-
bers agreed last night to convene
each Wednesday except the week of
Memorial Day until the end of the
semester.
Disqualified in
Election Probe
The disqualification of Richard
Cortright and the election of Henry
Kaminski to the Student Congress
were announced yesterday by the
Men's Judiciary Council following a
series of special meetings held to in-
vestigate illegalities in tlie recent
Congress elections.
Previously th e J ud icia ry Council
had declared invalid a number of
votes cast for Arthur DerDerian. Af-
ter receiving a complaint that ballot
boxes had been stuffed for DerDer-
ian, the election commission checked
his votes when the boxes were opened.
The stuffed ballots were discovered
and invalidated by Fred Matthaei,
election supervisor for the Council,
and Dr. Clark Norton of the political
science department, election advisor.
Cortright was disqualified when it
was shown that hie had gone through
the East Quadrangle collecting iden-
tification cards and voting with them.
The case was first brought to the
attention of the Judiciary Council
through a Letter To The Editor
which appeared in The Daily May 3.
Robert Taylor, vice-president of the
Congress, said last night that he

would present an appeal from Cort-
right at the first meeting of the Cab-
inet.
The Judiciary Council declared
Kaminski elected because he was the
last candidate to be eliminated in the
election.
C' Rule Applied
To Foresters

Robert White
Given Russell
Serviee Prize
(lemical Research
Work Is Recognized
Prof. Robert R. White of the chem-
ical engineering department was pre-
sented with the 21st annual Henry
Russell Award yesterday for "con-
spicuous service" to the University.
.The award, which carries a cash
stipend, is presented annually to the
faculty member with rank of assis-
tant professor or instructor who has
done outstanding work in his field
and whose promise for future accom-
plishments seem most meritorious.
Came Here in 1942
Prof. White came to the Univer-
sity in 1942, after having served as
a chemical engineer for several firms.
His field of investigation has been
that of the equilibrium relations of
hydrocarbons at high pressure and
reaction rates in the process of chem-
ical industry, including the kinetics
of catalytic reactions.
University Provost James P. Adams
announced the award prior to the
Russell Lecture, which was delivered
by Prof. Elizabeth C. Crosby on "The
Neuroanatomical Patterns Involved
in Certain Eye Movements."
Crosby Delivers Lecture
Prof. Crosby, the first woman to
be awarded the lectureship since its
establishment in 1925, discused the
brain areas involved in reflex turning
of the eyes and automatic eye move-
ments made in response to sudden
sounds or moving objects.
Before beginning the formal part
of her lecture, Dr. Crosby explained
the general program of research on
the nervous system which is being
carried out in the Department of
Anatomy.
First Post-War
Vocal Festival
Will Be Held
The first post-war festival of the
Michigan School Vocal Association
will be held in Ann Arbor today and
tomorrow.
Students from 54 high schools
throughout Michigan will participate
in the festival which gives students
an opportunity to hear groups from
various parts of the state and to
have their work evaluated by critics.
The program today will include 30
vocal and piano ensemble groups in
the morning and 90 vocal and piano
soloists who will perform in the after-
noon session.
Tomorrow will be given over en-
tirely to choral groups. Thirty-nine
high schools will be represented.
Massed choirs including 2,400 voices
will present a program which will
be open to the public at 4 p.m. tomor-
row in Hill Auditorium.
IRA, MYNA
Conduct Rally
Resolution Will Urge
Fair Trial for Negroes
A committee to draw up a resolu-
tion urging justice and a fair trial
for 31 Negroes awaiting trial in Col-
umbia, Tenn., was appointed at an
all-campus rally, sponsored by IRA
and MYDA, held yesterday in the
Union.'
The resolution will be sent to
President Harry Truman, Attorney
General Tom Clark, the Governor

of Tennessee and the Student Con-
gress, as well as to the NAACP. Ac-
companying the resolution which will
be sent to the latter will be over $130
Which was collected at the rally to
aid in securing a well-known and
competent attorney to defend the
people awaiting trial.
In the absence of Jimmie Stephen-
son, 19-year-old victim in the case,
who was scheduled to speak at the
rally but at the last moment was un-
able to attend, Max Dean presented

APPLAUSE FOR LEWIS - John L. Lewis (left), President of the Uni-
ted Mine Workers, receives applause from an unidentified man (right)
as he arrives for the UMW Policy Committee Meeting at Washington,
D.C. The committee voted to stand by Lewis' original demands in the
soft coal work stoppage.

Senate Agrees To Vote Today
On Final British Loan Measure

WASHINGTON, May 9--(P)-The
Senate agreed tonight after a stormy
debate to vote at 3 p.m. tomorrow on
final passage of the $3,750,000,000
British loan bill.
The unanimous agreement came
after Democratic leader Barkley
(Ky.) previously had failed to obtain
such a pact and had urged senators
to remain in session in an attempt
to pass the measure tonight.
Senator Morse (Rep., Ore.), who
blocked the first attempts, later
withdrew his objection and the hour
was fixed.
With the administration in com-
plete control, the Senate voted down
one opposition amendment to the
loan bill after another until it ran
into a snag at 6 p.m.
Senator Langer (Rep., N.D.) took
the floor then and held it for nearly
four hours. When he had subsided,
Barkley tried to get an agreement
for the vote tomorrow.
Morse objected at that time, but
later withdrew his protest after Bark-
ley indicated the Senate might spend
the rest of the night on the bill.
Byrnes, Molotov
1K T
Battle Verbally
Conference June 15
PARIS, May 9-UP )-James F.
Byrnes, U.S. Secretary of State, andI
Russia's foreign minister, V. M. Molo-
tov, battled verbally for two hoursl
today on an American proposal to
call a 21-nation peace conference
June 15. Without agreement, the
foreign ministers conference finally
adjourned until tomorrow.
Against vigorous American opposi-
tion, Molotov sought to require a four-
power accord on all treaties as a pre-
liminary to opening a peace confer-
ence, Amercan sources said.
Molotov presented the Russian
position in the form of an amend-
ment to Byrnes' original plan. The
Russian proposed that the ministers
of the United States, Britain, Russia
and France meet again June 5 and!
pass treaty drafts on to the full 21-
nation conference "when they have
agreed on the treaty drafts."
The American Secretary of State
countered with a proposal to amend
the Russian amendment, inserting
the words, "as far as possible," after
the word "agreed."
At this point Molotov, British
sources said, accused the United

Before the Senate quit at 10:45 p.m.
Barkley promised Senator Knowland
(Rep., Calif.) that when the loan bill
is disposed of the Senate will take
up immediately labor control legisla-
tion now pending on the calendar.
When Morse and Senator Rever-
comb (Rep., W. Va.) said they want
the Senate to meet Saturday in order
to speed consideration of such a mea-
sure, Barkley told them lie would
know by noon tomorrow whether such
a course is practical.
Bs Ad Alumni
To Meet Here
More than 400 alumni are expected
to attend the all-day meeting of the
Sixteenth Annual Alumni Conference
of the School of Business Administra-
tion to be held here tomorrow.
Round tables on accounting, bank-
ing and finance, industrial relations
and marketing will highlight the
morning session and will be led by
members of the faculty and represen-
tatives of business.
At the general session, to be held
from 2:30 to 4:30 p.m. in the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall, Frank W. Fetter,
chief of the Division of Investment
and Ec~onmic Dev elopmecnt of the
Department of State will speak on
"International Economic Relations"
and Prof. Sumner H. Slichter of the
Graduate School of Business Admin-
istration of Harvard University will
speak on "Industrial Relations."
A coffee hour and banquet for the
alumni will follow, at which a review
of developments in the school will
be presented and future plans and
prospec'ts will be discussed.
The afternoon session of the con-
ference is open to the public, and has
been moved from Rackham Amphi-
theatre to Rackham Lecture Hall to
accommodate an additional number
of people who will wish to hear the
nationally-known speakers.

20 Resideiwes
Approve Plan
To Save Food
Famin(e Committee
Plan Supported
Members of 20 campus residences
have pledged to carry out the Famine
Committee's food conservation pro-
gram, it was announced yesterday to
a meeting of representatives of more
than 60 houses.
Although a few houses adopted the
program with modifications, the ma-
jority of houses have accepted the
program in full. "We're glad to see
that students are showing interest
and willingness to cooperate in this
vital program to send food abroad,"
Bruce Cooke, chairman of the com-
mittee said
Most Support from Women
Most support so far has come from
women's houses. The Inter-Fra-
ternity Council voted to support the
committee's waste elimination pro-
gram Thursday. Action on the rest
of the proposals by individual fra-
ternities is expected to be announced
within a few days.
Mary E. Friedkin reported at the
meeting that the Committee on Stu-
dent Affairs has approved Michigan
Christian Fellowship's request for
permission to conduct a fund collec-
tion campaign on campus in order to
help send food abroad. According
to present plans, the drive will be
held as a tag-day May 21. Weekly
collections will also be made in all
student residences.
MCF To Conduct Drive
Funds collected in the drive will
be turned over to a national relief
organization. The campaign will be
conducted by MCF in cooperation
with the Famine Committee.
Although students living at East
and West Quadrangles have not
signed pledges of support to the pro-
gram, representatives of their inter-
house councils reported that they
have adopted the waste elimination
part of the program. They are also
arranging to cut down on servings
of bread.
Questions concerning the effective-
ness of the Famine Committee's con-
servation program were explained to
the delegates, who will report them
to their houses.
Builders Denied
Government Aid
Contractors To Seek
Materials Themselves
Ann Arbor's contractors can re-
ceive no extra Government aid under
present regulations in procuring ma-
terials for the city's complicated
housing program, District Manager
John D. McGillis, of the OPA told a
meeting of the Veterans and Citizens
Housing Committee yesterday.
McGillis said that he did not be-
lieve the University program would
affect the amount of building mater-
ial available in the city. Although
the University building has sapped
the available supply of construction
workers, USES manager Lawrence
Hamburg has said that workers can
always be brought in from other
sections of the country.
City contractors must go into the
open market for materials on an
equal basis with contractors from
other cities, McGillis said.

Gas FirmsOrdered
To Ration Supplies
ruman Considers ii tan t Action
To End Strike Idling Million Workers
WASHINGTON, May 9--")--Civilian Production chief John D. Small
called tonight for government seizure of the coal mines, reporting that 1,-
000,000 persons have been thrown out of work and that the wheels of Ameri-
can industry will shortly "grind to a rude stop."
Simultaneously a far-reaching system of rationing manufactured gas
was ordered by the Civilian Production Administration. It decreed that com-
panies selling manufactured or mixed gas shall begin rationing supplies to
consumers when their coal stocks fall below a three-week supply.
"Militant" action by President Truman was reported in the offing if
other means fail to bring quick race. " *"

Earlier in the day, Mr. Truman
told a news conference that the
crisis was approaching the status
of a strike against the government.
le said he was considering, among
other things, calling John L. Lew-
is and the operators to a White
House conference.
The first official indication of the
administration's attitude on the coal
dispute came at Mr. Truman's news
conference when the President was
asked to comment on Lewis' demand
for a health and welfare fund to be
financed by the operators. The Chief
Executive expressed opinion that pay-
ments by employers to unions are
barred by the Wagner Labor Rela-
tions Act.
Asked whether he would seize the
mines, Mr. Truman said he would
cross that bridge when he came to
it. InetherSenate, Democratic leader
Barkley reminded that the Presi-
dent's wartime authority for such
seizure is tied to the draft act and
will expire May 15 unless the draft
is continued. As a stopgap, the Sen-
ate promptly voted an extension until
July 1 but this action now requires
concurrence by the House, which has
passed a different draft bill.
The Post Office Department dur-
ing the day banned parcel post
shipments weighing more than 11
pounds. The action was taken in
connection with the freight em-
bargo.
The Office of Defense Transporta-
tion ordered rail freight shipments
limited to food, fuel and other es-
sentials, and a 25 per cent cut in
passenger service. A similar order
was held over the heads of the motor
carriers.
Mr. Truman said he would seize
the railroads if that becomes neces-
sary. The Brotherhood of Railroad
Trainmen and the Brotherhood of
Locomotive Engineers - two major
operating unions - have scheduled
a walkout May 18.
The day's one cheerful note in
the chorus of gloomy labor reports
was settlement of the 115 day old
strike of '75,000 WestinghouseElec-
tric Corp. Production Workers.
The strike, longest major dispute
in the postwar period, was settled on
the basis of an 18 cents hourly wage
increase.
Veteran Hield in
Jail for Assault
Len Rodd, 29-year-old veteran who
forcibly resisted ouster from his Wil-
low Village residence, was being held
in County Jail today on charges of
felonious assault after examination
before Judge Jay Paine.
Rodd had attempted to enroll in
the University, but was refused be-
cause of inadequate credits. After
protesting when told earlier in the
week that he and his wife could no
longer remain in the Village, which
is reserved for University students,
Rodd returned home late Wednesday,
produced a gun and fired several
harmless shots at onlookers before
being taken into custody.
His trial will be held May 15. Bail
has been set at $2,500.

Mayor (;wives
Instruct ions for
Cty Brown-out
Use of Lights, Signs
[s Further Curtailed
Ann Arbor will be considerably
darker today, and for the remainder
of the brownout,
In a letter to the Detroit Edison
Co. yesterday, signed by Mayor W.
E. Brown, Jr., and City Clerk Fred
C. Perry, the city asked that every'
other one of Ann Arbor's ornamental
street lights be immediately turned
off to conserve electricity. Robert R.
Brown, district manager of the Edi-
son Co. said that a majority of the
lights were turned of f late yester-
day, and that the remainder would
"certainly be out" by today.
Police Remind Offenders
City police were instructed yester-
day to politely remind offenders of,
the voluntary brownout that electric
and gas advertising signs have been
forbidden, and that excess daytime
lighting should be turned of f.
In response to a telegram from
Capt. Donald S. Leonard, State Direc-
tor of Civilian Defense, Mayor Brown
conducted a canvass of city coal
dealers yesterday which revealed that
only one city dealer has a "fair sup-
ply." Other dealers had as' little as
15 tons of soft coal as their total
present supply. Results of the survey
will be sent to Leonard in Lansing.
University Cooperating
On campus, Plant Superintendent
Walter M. Roth reported on power
the University is saving in compli-
ance with the city brownout. Wher-
ever possible, Roth said, the heavy
motors operating ventilating fans
have been shut off, saving more
power than would be covered by
completely blacking out campus
lights. Windows can provide ventila-
tion at this time of year, he said.
An hour and a half a day is' being
saved in campus street lights which
will be turned on half an hour later
in the evening and go of f one hour
earlier in the morning. The flood-
lights on the Burton Memorial Tower
have been shut off, and the motor
i'unning the Cooley Memorial foun-
tain has been disconnected also, Roth
said.
Paloestinea Best
Refuge --S losson
Palestine is the best emergency
refuge for eastern Europe's homeless
Jews, Prof. Preston Slosson of the
history department asserted last night
in a talk sponsored by the All-Nations
Club.
"I do not wish to say that Palestine
is the only possibility," he added. "In
the first place, it is physically capable
of taking care of only the worst cases.
But other possible refuge areas are
much farther away and cannot be
opened to immigration without their
consent."
Listing the United States among
countries which might some day ac-
comodate Jewish refugees, Prof. Slos-
son advocated a. "much more gen-
erous immigration policy" for this
country. "But I'm not willing," he
stated, "to let hundreds of thousands
of innocent people starve while we
'wait several years for Congress to
get into action.''
Extra Performance
Of Play Scheduled

OPPORTUNITY FOR ARCHITECTURE STUDENTS:
Brown Asks Plans for City Civic Center

Presenting to students and citizens
an opportunity to be of permanent
service to Ann Arbor while estab-
lishing a national reputation as an
architect, Mayor William E. Brown,
Jr., yesterday asked for ideas and
drawings to be used in planning the
City Civic Center.

priate certificates expressing the ap-
preciation of the city, and a plaque
in the Center giving permanent re-
cognition will be presented, the mayori
said.
Seventy-five citizens, businessmen's
and social groups in Ann Arbor have
endorsed the Civic Center which, the

Main St., Ann St., Huron St., and
North Divisian St. It will incorporate
a county courthouse (planned inde-
pendently by the county); a city hall
to house fire and police departments
and the municipal court as well as
every other branch of city govern-
ment requiring office space; a civic

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