THE MICHIGAN DAILY
PAQ~ FOuR ~n4n?~Y7M~v ~7P48
Fif ty-Sith Year
TVA and Ptbl Power
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Margaret Farmer. . . . .. . . Managing Editor
Hale Champion.. . . . . . Editorial Director
Robert Goldman . . . . . . . . City Editor
Emily E. Knapp . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Pat Cameron . . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Clark Baker .. ..........Sports Editor
Des Howarth . . . . .. .Associate Sports Editor
Ann Schutz . . . . . . . Women's Editor
Dona Guimaraes . . . . Associate Women's Editor
Dorothy Flint . . . .Business Manager
Joy Altman. .. .....Associate Business Manager
Evelyn Mills . . . . . Associate Business Manager
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NIGHT EDITOR: RAY SHINN
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
TIME AND AGAIN the news and editorial
columns of newspapers throughout the nation
have emphasized the critical need for food to
ship abroad. The processes of democracy - es-
pecially student democracy - are slow. But they
can, when the occasion demands, be constructive
The University of Michigan Famine Commit-
tee, which was organized by representatives of
student residences this week, has set up a pro-
gram for food conservation on campus so that
we can realize our responsibilities to the world
in the current food crisis. The program includes
elimination of food waste, observing famine-day
once each week With daily diets of 1,500 calories,
and cutting bread from menus at one meal every
DEMONSTRATING true cooperative spirit, the
five co-op houses on campus immediately and
unanimously voted to innaugurate the program.
Sororities and dormitories have expressed their
desire to participate in the program by sending
delegates to the Famine Committee meeting
which propounded the proposals. Arrangements
are underway to introduce the program into Uni-
versity dormitories. It's all set, but -
T WON'T MEAN A THING unless every stu-
dent at the University faithfully supports
and adheres to the program. In unity there
will be food.
No one can really afford not to cooperate in
the program. We can only justify our own ex-
istence by helping others live. If we are not sub-
ordinate to. our stomachs, we can salvage not
only self-respect, but the respect of the world.
BIDDING FAIR to become a first-rate cactus
bush at the Paris Foreign Ministers' Con-
ference is the problem of Trieste.
Backed by Russia, Yugoslavia this week pre-
sented claims to virtually all of the Istrian
Peninsula, including Trieste. Italy, on the other
hand, with the Americans, French and British
behind her, is also demanding the much dis-
puted city, plus about a third of the peninsula.
AMERICAN TROOPS now occupying Trieste
have been reported on the verge of active
warfare with Marshal Tito's forces outside the
city. This situation has been suggested as a major
reason for American insistence on holding the
Foreign Ministers' Conference at this time.
Other indications of the importance attached
to the Trieste dispute are to be found in reports
that 20,000 Soviet troops have crossed the bor-
der from Hungary into Yugoslavia; that Tito
has banned American and British reconnais-
sance flights over Jugoslav territory; that U.S.
troops in Trieste have been ordered to fire if
Jugoslavs attempt to enter the city; and that
the Italian government has offered to supply
the Americans and British with 15 divisions.
It would seem that the question is not one on
which either side of the too-habitual alignment
of powers will back down readily. Meanwhile,
the peace treaties necessary before Europe can
settle to the task of reconstruction are again
delayed. -Mary Brush;
People Versus army
WHEN CONGRESS passed the act creating
the 'ennessee Valley Authority in 1933, the
American people were indignant on the subject of
The background of this indignation was the
Federal Trade Commission's investigation of
the electric power monopoly, which began in
1928, the bankruptcy of many public utility
holding companies in the early years of the
Depression (including the sensational Insuill
incident and increasing dissatisfaction with
the rates charged by electric power operating
TVA and the Public Utility Holding Company
Act were the government's answer to the people's
BUT TVA was also the outgrowth of a crying
need for conservation and development of the
natural resources of the Tennessee River basin.
The problem was strikingly similar to that of
the Missouri Valley today.
The needs of the Tennessee Valley in 1933
1. Floods were annually causing loss of life
and millions of dollars of property damage.
2 . The soil was eroding and rushing down-
stream at a rate which threatened the fertility
of the land and with it the livelihood of the
Valley's populace, which is largely agricultural.
3. Because of high rail rates in the South, a
cheap form of transportation was needed. But
long stretches of the river's navigation channel
were blocked with silt.
4. The private power companies' high rates
prevented wide use of electricity.
W ITH A SCORE of power companies operating
in the Valley and political jurisdiction divid-
ed among seven states and hundreds of local
governments, the problem of the Tennessee Val-
RULERS' MORNING by Joseph G. litrec
Harper and Brothers, New York, 1946. 281 pages.
RULERS' MORNING is a series of sketches
and portraits of the people of modern India.
Held together by their centraltheme, the stories
are plotless but complete. Together they present
a sensitive picture of India as viewed by a man
who has spent a large portion of his life there,
affected by the influences and living with the
people of whom he writes. There is no hint of
the travelogue in RULERS' MORNING nor is it
a disspassionate study of the familiar "Indian
problem." The struggle for independence and
the racial conflict are reflected throughout, not
as problems but in terms of actual effect upon
The British "ruler" is examined in his every-
day life by a man who is obviously familiar with
every aspect of that life. These stories are de-
voted chiefly to description of the colonial ad-
ministrator but with illuminating sketches of
the Tommy. Hitrec views these men from many
angles, their relations with one another, their
attitude toward the Indians, their conceptions
of their job in India, and their relations with
women of their own race and Indians. He shows
what motives govern their actions, what makes
them what they are, going behind the facade
of the type as is usually presented, to portray
them in a very real and convincing fashion. The
stories reflect the despair and disillusionment of
the men with ideas and principles, when they
no longer find themselves bound by subjective
interests and see themselves in terms of others-
a despair not reflected by the natives.
The growing surge for independence is focused
in the two sketches "The Fearless Will Always
Have It" and "The Word." The first describes
the excitement felt by three Indian school boys
disobeying the curfew and evading the police-
men to roam the streets at night writing anti-
British slogans on the shop walls. "The Word"
catches the spirit of another schoolboy shouting
his message of freedom at an impassive public,
being haled into court where the spirit of com-
radeship carries him through trials although
logic fails him.
The author states that it is his desire to "bring
E. M. Forster's PASSAGE TO INDIA twenty
years forward." His stories are not imitations
of Forster's, Hitrec's own term "emulation" is
much more accurate. These are good stories,
sensitive. entertaining, and informative.
General Library List
ley could be 10t only by a single agency cloaked
with broad powers.
But TVA is no "Leviathan." A government cor-I
poration, its directors are appointed by the Presi-t
dent with the advice and consent of the Senate.t
Its powers and duties are closely defined by the1
original act of Congress.
In effect TVA is the total of Congress which
created the authority and has the power to abol-
ish it. That Congress has maintained its control
over the authority is seen in the fact that the
original act of 1933 has been amended five times.
TVs itself does not function as an imperson-
al bureaucracy, since its headquarters are lo-
cated in the home Valley,
Few people will question the right of the Fed-
eral Government to control floods and navigation
on interstate rivers. But the question arises:
Should the Federal Government go into the
electric power business?
The question was answered in the affirmative
by the Supreme Court in the famous "18 Com-
panies Case" in 1939. ,
The private power companies in the Valley
did not contest the government's right to con-
serve such hydroelectric power as might be
available at government dams, but they bitterly
denounced TVA's program of transmitting
energy to local, publicly-owned distributing
agencies-which dispensed entirely with many
BUT TVA, in establishing an independent
whoiesale and retail power system, was enter-
ing an industry which is inherently monopolistic
and in which prices are subject only to the de-
cisions of individual companies and regulatory
Both the individual companies in the Valley
and the state commissions charged with regulat-
ing them failed to appreciate the possibilities of
consumer response to lower rates.
Both clung to the theory that any reduction in
rates would result in lower profits.
It took the TVA's "yardstick" to disprove' the
The companies which were not bought out by
TVA reduced their rates in line with TVA's policy
and actually increased their profits as a result of
added consumption by the people.
TVA itself has showed annual profits since
On the record, TVA has fully justified itself.
The record :hould be an important factor in the
current dispute over the proposed Missouri
-Clayton L. Dickey
Under the leadership of Eugene Ormandy and
Alexander Hilsburg, an abundance of. superbly
performed music was presented before an enthu-
siastic audience at yesterday's matinee and eve-
ning concerts of the May Festival.
Following a rousing performance of Smetana's,
Overture to "The Bartered Bride", which brought
to the fore its swirling dance-like rhythms. The
Youth Festival Chorus sang to the delight of the
audience and orchestra alike a collection of
American Folk Songs. No words of praise are
adequate to describe the achievement of Mar-
querite Hood, who has year after year added
much to the festival nature of these concerts
by presenting these children of the Ann Arbor
elementary schools in endless variety of songs
which please both old and young alike.
Anne Brown was the featured soloist on the
afternoon concert. Her voice, which is of a
quality more lyric than dramatic in nature, was
more at home in the two excerpts from Ger-
shwin's "Porgy and Bess", "Summertime" and
"My Man's Gone Now", than in the first two
selections which she presented from "Aida"
and "Cavalleria Rusticana."
Cleanly executed performances of "Finlandia"
by Sibelius and Mendelssohn's Scherzo and Noc-
turn from "A Midsummer Night's Dream" were
offered, but the orchestral highlift of the mat-
inee came when Mr. Hilsberg led a never to be
forgotten performance of "Till Eulenspiegel's
Merry Pranks" by Richard Strauss. The horns
outdid themselves as the orchestra, with care-
ful phrasing acted out the tale of this medieval
It was the violins and woodwinds which came
to the fore as Eugene Ormandy led the orchestra
in the Symphony Number 40 of Mozart, the
opening number on the evening concert. With
a confidence of expression which was noticeable
from the very first number she offered, Bidu
Sayao, the featured artist, offered selections by
Mozart, Bellini, Obradors, Villa-Lobos, and
Donizetti. Both in her last number and in an
encore by the same composer, she displayed
in tones which at times reached high C, or bet-
ter, her vocal artistry.
William Kincaid, without a doubt "the in-
credible flutist" was heard in "Soloquy for Flute
and String Orchestra" by the modern American
composer, Bemnard Rogers. A stirring rendition,
of Respighi's, "The Pines of Rome," emphasizing
all its naturalistic effects, brought a pleasant
day's concert-going to a close.
TWO DOCTRINES have grown up -
about social situations in the field
of Religion-Dissent and Conformity.
It is well that we hold in mind that Wq
the logical origin of any doctrine is n
the social situation. Religionists in
the main date their doctrines from
belief and conviction as to the in- i
tention of God rather than from y
social situations, by religion referred J
to as the needs of man. However, if c
we may be allowed to assume thatg
both Dissent, well illustrated by the R
history of the Congregationalist bod-
ies, and Conformity, best demon-
strated by the Episcopalians, arose'
out of conditions which justified the ,
form they took, we come at once to
the movements of our era, preparedH
to inquire as to how best bring a
religiousimotivation to American life.
Here is the dilapitated family1
whose record in Washtenaw county,
annually, now shows as many di-r
vorces as marriages and in which
a growing juvenile delinquency
perplexes school, court, church, and
tax payer as well as the families
themselves. How do the Dissidents
approach the problem of the fam-
ily? By a rather futile negative
attack upon the movie, the auto-
mobile, the radio and the secular
school. But the Conformists attack
the problems of the family in simi-
lar fashion. Neither in our era
operating singly has the power to
make a positive attach. Both lack
the social cohesion and the com-
munity solidarity necessary to save
current marriages from divorce.
Both will confess that their ser-
vices of worship, have too little
direct relation to the effort of sepa-
rate families or to the pastoral care
being given to those few families
who rely on the ministerial aid
for wise instruction before marriage
or good religious education of the
children after the family is estab-
lished. Does not this suggest that
belief and conviction may have fro-
zen the body of believers into obso-
lete patterns while social change
moved situations out ahead of
THE STATISTICS reveal that re-
ligion cuts down the divorce. The
National Conference on Family Lif
reports as follows: (a) Jewish, 4.6%
(b)Catholic, 6.4%, (c) Protestant
6.8% (d) Mixed Marriages, 15.2%
and (e) Non-Church, 16.7% broken
homes. Religion, therefore doe
perform a service for many. But thi
is small comfort for us who teaci
or preach religion. Traditionally, we
with the parents hold the centra
responsibility in this social area
Leadership must exist not for th
few of a given ideology but for al
of the families if society is to be
When we hear J. Edgar Hoovel
broadcast the report on juvenile de-
linquency, "during 1944, the arrests
of girls under twenty-one were 21%
higher than in 1939," we are impelled
to revise our methods and our think-
ing. But where is leadership required'
During the last year 22% of all crime!
were committed by youngsters whc
had not reached their twenty-first
birthday. They were responsible for
35% of the robberies, 50% of the bur-
glaries, 35% of the larcenies and 63%
of the auto thefts. And where shall
leaders be found? As Jacques Mari-
tain and Paul Tilich point out, only
multiple attack, concerted timing
and a religious devotion to sacred
good and ultimate truth will meet
the need of both society and persons.
-Edward W. Blakeman
Counselor in Religious
IN 1941, the year he won the Derby
on Whirlaway, Eddie Arcaro turned
to one of his friends, pointed to the
horse in question, and said, "Man,
you can throw all of them other horses
away." Well, this week Benny Good-
man and his new sextet have come up
with a four-record album, and as far
as I am concerned, you can throw all
them other four, five and six-man
The new album is the Columbia
"Goodman Sextet Session," with
Goodman, Slam Stewart, vocalist
Jane Harvey, Red Norvo, Morey
Feld and Mike Bryan on drums and
guitar respectively, and pianists
Mel Powell and Teddy Wilson. The
record surfaces are excellent by
any standard, the tunes played
couldn't have been better chosen,
and there is an air of competence
and soundness about the whole
venture that makes any form of
As a matter of fact, this level of
excellence is so well maintained that
it is almost equally impossible to
single out the customary two or three"
best sides. -Lex Walker
(Contiied from Page 3)
Nell Child, 8 p.m., West Court Com- w
Tuesday. May 7: Lecture Series:
Who Make up the Pressure Groups s
n the United States?" Professor p
Wesley Maurer, Department of n
ournalism, will lead a discussion of T
urrent and potential pressure hi
roups. 2 p.m. Conference Room, w
West Lodge. w
Tuesday, May 7: Safety Series, P
'Fire." Special movies and speaker Z
rom Detroit. Capt. Frank J. Dipner C
vill present demonstrations and ex- o
hibits. Sponsored by Federal Public b
Housing Authority and Washtenaw
County Chapter, American Red Cross.
8 p.m. Willow Village Community h
Wednesday, May 8: Bridge. 2 p.m.
md 8 p.m. Conference Room, West
Thursday, May 9: Home Planning: s
'Cooking for 'the Fun of It" Missa
'argaret W. Andersen, Home Service q
Director, Michigan Consolidated GasC
'ompany. 2 p.m. Conference Room, t
Friday, May 10: Leadership: Dr.
?red G. Stevenson, Extension Staff
'How to get democratic group action,'
3.nd Parliamentary Procedures." 81
>.m. Conference Room, West Lodge.'
Friday, May 10: May Dance, 8:30-F
1:30 Auditorium, West Lodge,
Saturday, May 11: Dancing Clas- 1
-es: Beginners, couples, 7 p.m.; Ad-
ranced, couples, 8 p.m., Auditorium,l
Sunday, May 12: Classical Music,
ecords, 3 p.m. Office.
The Henry Russel Lecture. Dr.
Elizabeth C. Crosby, Professor of
Anatomy, will deliver the Henry Rus-
el Lecture for' 145-46. "The Neuro-
mnatomical Patterns Involved in Cer-
tain Eye Movements," at 4:15 p.m.,;
hursday, May 9, in the Rackham
amphitheatre. Announcement of the
Ienry Russel Award for this year i
vill also be made at this time.
University Lecture. Mrs. Eunice
Veaver, President, The Federation of
Societies for Assistance to Lepers, Rio
de Janeiro, Brazil, will lecture on
Social Work in Leprosy," at 8:00
).in., Monday, May 6, in the Rack-
iam Amphitheatre; auspices of the
Department of Bacteriology and the
Latin-American Society. The public
s cordially invited.
Alexander Ziwet lectures in Mathe-
natics will be given by Professor
:urt Friedrichs of New York Univer-
sity on the topic, "Mathematical
Cheory of Gas Flow, Flames and.De-
,onation Waves." The first lecture
if the series will occur on Monday,
Vay 6, at 3:00 p.m., in Room 3011
Angell Hall.:Any one interested is
ordially invited to attend.
A cademic Notices
Civil Engineering 40: The assign-
ment of Room 348 W. Engineering
Bldg. for the written quiz, Tuesday.
Vay 7, was a mistake, and the qui
,ill be held in the regular class room.
R. L. Morrison
Seminar in Applied Mathematics
tnd Special Functions. The meeting
ruesday, May 7, will be held in Room
318 West Engineering at 3:00 p.m.
Dr. I. Opatowski, University of Chi-
;ago, will give a lecture on the Lap-
!ace Transform in Probability. Visit-
)rs are welcome.
May Festival Concerts. The sched-
'ile of May Festival concerts is as fol-
The Philadelphia Orchestra will
participate in all performances.
SUNDAY, . MAY 5, 2:30 - All-
Brahms program, with William Ka-
pell, pianist; Alexander Hilsberg.
SUNDAY, MAY 5, 8:30-Salvatore
Baccaloni, basso buffo; Rosalind Na-
dell, contralto soloist in Prokofieff'
"Alexander Nevsky" with Choral Un-
ion; Eugene Ormandy, conductor.
Student Recital: Loren Cady, a stu-
dent of violin under Wassily Bese-
kirsky, will present a recital in partial
fulfillment of the requirements for
the degree of Master of Music in
Music Education, at 8:30 Wednesday
evening, May 8, in the Assembly Hall
of the Rackham Building.
His program will include compo-
sitions by Franck, Tchaikovsky, Sibe-
lius, Dinicu, and Mendelssohn, and
will be open to the general public.
Fishing and fish management. Ro-
tunda, Museum Building. Through
June 30. 8:00-5:00 week days; 2:00-
5:00, Sundays and holidays.
Psychology Club, Journal Review
Committee will meet Wednesday eve-
ie Road to Finnegan's Wake." A
eneral discussion and refreshments
Three One-Act Plays will be pre-
ented by Play Production of the De-
artment of Speech tomorrow eve-
ing, 8:00, in the Lydia Mendelssohn
heatre. Admission free to the pub-
c. Advance students in dramatics
'ill direct and stage the offerings,
hich include "Girls Must Talk," by
aul Gantt; "The Neighbours," by
ona Gale; and "Rehearsal," by
hristopher Morley. Tickets may be
btained tomorrow at the theatre
ox office from 10 a.m. to 8 p.m.
Varsity Glee Club: Final short re-
Larsal for Detroit concert at 7:15
Monday, May 6.
The Graduate Outing Club will
ponsor an evening of folk dancing
or members and their friends and
ill interested graduate students on
Tuesday, May 7, from 8 to 10, in the
Duting Club room' in the Rackham
ilding. Admission is free.
Phi Sigma and Graduate Council
will jointly sponsor two talks by Dr.
Clarence H. Kennedy, of Ohio State
University, Wednesday, in Rackham
Amphitheatre. At 4:30 p.m., Dr.
Kennedy will speak on "The' Evolu-
tion of the Society from the Family,"
and at 8:00, he will deliver a lec-
ture on human evolution, "*The
Evolution of Human Transportation
as Shown by the Evolution of the
Automobile." The evening lecture
will be followed by a reception and
refreshments in the West Conference
Room. Both lectures are open to the
The Polonia Club will meet Tues-
day at 7:30 in the International Cen-
ter. Following the business meeting,
a talk on Poland's Cdstliition Day
will be given.
First Presbyterian Church:
10:45 a.m.: Morning Worship ser-
vice. Sermon by Dr. Lemon "Let's be
6:00 p.m.: Westminster Guild Sup-
per. Mrs. Martha G. Colby, Associate
Professor of Psychology will speak on
"Studies of Broken Homes."
First Congregational Church. Rev.
Leonard A. Parr, D.D.
10:45 a.m. Public worship. The
subject of Dr. Parr's sermon will be
"Man's Greatest Triumph."
6:00 p.r. Congregational-Disciples
Student Guild cost supper and table
discussions on the second of the
series "I Believe."
Memorial Christian Church (Dis-
ciples of Christ)
Morning Worship 10:50 a.m. Rev.
Mr. F. E. Zendt will deliver the morn-
Wesley Foundation at First Meth-
9:30 a.m. Student Seminar with
breakfast and discussion in the Pine
Room, especially for Foreign and
10:40 a.m. Morning worship. Dr.
J. B. Kenne will preach on "Is the
6 p.m. Wesleyan Guild for Stu-
dents and Young Adults. Dr. Win.
Clark Trow will speak on the subject
"Education for World Peace." This
is the first of two Sunday evenings on
this subject. Social hour and supper
follow and will close at 8 p.m.
First Unitarian Church, Lane Hall,
State and WashingtonStreets. Ed-
ward H. Redman, Minister.
10:00 a.m.: Unitarian - Friends'
Church School. Pre-Nursery through
Second Grade at 110 N. State. Third
Grade through High School at Lane
10:00 a.m.: Adult Study Group.
Rabbi J. M. Cohen leading discussion
on "Trends in Present-day Judaism,"
Lane Hall Upper Room.
11:00 a.m.: Service of Worship.
Rev. Edward H. Redman preaching
a sermon in commemoration of the
150th Anniversary of Horace Mann,
eminent Unitarian layman, founder
of the American Public School sys-
tem, first president of Antioch Col-
lege. Lane Hall Auditorium.
6:30 p.m.: Unitarian Student
Group, 110 N. State Streef. Buffet
Supper and informal conversations
between the May Festival Concerts.
First Church of Christ, Scientist,
109 S. Division St.:
Wednesday evening service at 8.
Sunday morning service at 10:30.
Subject: "Everlasting Punishment."
Sunday School at 11:45.
A special reading room is main-
tained by this church at 706 Wolver-
ine Bldg., Washington at Fourth,
where the Bible, also the Christian
Science textbook, "Science and Health
with Key to the Scriptures," and
other writings by Mary Baker Eddy
may be read, borrowed or purchased.
Open daily except Sundays and holi-
days from 11:30 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Women As Force in History.
Geddes, Donald Porter
Franklin Delano Roosevelt. New York,
The Dial Press, 1945.
The B. O. W. S. New York, Harcourt, 1945.
Lafcadio Hearn. New York, Houghton, 1946.
The Small General. New York, The Mac-
millan Co., 1945.
The Glass Menagerie.
New York, Random
I Don't open the ice box door, Pop.
By Crockett Johnson
Are YOU singing, son?
Er. . . What will he
IWe do too much talking about the