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April 26, 1946 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1946-04-26

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Fifty-Sixth Year

Misguided Famine Relief Effort

C ~trovere al
( e torter


Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board Inr Control
of Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Margaret Farmer . . . . . . . Managing Editor
Hale Champion . . . . . . . Editorial Director
Robert Goldman . . . . . . . . . . City Editor
Emily E. Knapp . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Pat Cameron . . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Clark Baker . . . . . . . .. Sports Editor
Des Howarth . . . . . . . Associate Sports Editor
Ann Schutz............Women's Editor
Dona Guimaraes . . . . Associate Women's Editor
Business Stafff
Dorothy Flint. . . . . .. t.Business Manager
Joy Altman .. .....Associate Business Manager
Evelyn Mills . . . . . Associate Business Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscription during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46
National Mdvertising Service, inc.
Colleg Publishers Representative
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

Press Freedom

At first glance, the solution to the question of
government versus private dissemination of news
to other countries from the United States seems
to be obvious in view of our often expressed ideals
of freedom of the press. a
In a recent editorial it was pointed out that
while American correspondents now are able
more or less freely to provide news from foreign
countries to the United States, the domestic
press in most of these countries is operating
under conditions for from actual freedom.
But what can our country do about this? And
can it do anything without incurring the charge
that it is violating the very ideals of freedom of
the press which it is striving to uphold?
The State Department, and before it the Office
of War Information and the Office of Inter-
American Affairs, have engaged in an extensive
program of overseas news broadcasting. Howev-
er, the Associated Press and the United Press
have now withdrawn from the State Department
the news which formerly they provided and which
was broadcast by the Department all over the
The AP board of directors took this action
because they believed that foreign listeners
would read "Propaganda!" between the lines
of any news sponsored by the American govern-
ment. The AP wanted no part in this.
However, it is hard to believe that this would
be so. It would seem that the American govern-
ment could buy the news from the press asso-
ciations and broadcast it to other countries,
stressing that it was news gathered by an inde-
pendent, objective agency, without the charge of
propaganda. There would be much less danger
of incurring this charge than if the government
procured and processed the news itself, as the
vital necessity for telling the rest of the world
about the United States will force it to do if the
press associations continue their stand.
The only alternative of government broad-
casts of spot news to foreign countries is for
the agencies to perform that function them-
selves. They are not ready to do that. They
cannot afford it, for there is no profit to 'be
gained in such an undertaking'now.
This is the short view of the situation. The
press associations should provide the government
with news to broadcast to other nations; they can
do this without fear of the invidious charge of
propaganda. But in the long run, the United
States government should not get into the news
business. As the press associations are able to
undertake it, and the governments of the foreign
countries will permit the dissemination of un-
biased written news, the government should step
Wilbur Forrest, vice-president of the Ameri-
can Society of Newspaper Editors, said in a
University of Chicago Round Table broadcast:
"The moment a barren area (barren in regard
to freedom of the press) is opened up-for in-
stance, as soon as the totalitarian government
in Yugoslavia gets a change of heart and per-
mits correspondents from any country to go in
and work and write freely about what is going
on there-as soon as the press agencies can go
into a country to report the news and to bring
in the news, then I would say the government

OUR SIGHTS on the world famine are set des-
perately low. Mr. Hoover gave us a glimpse
of how low they are set when he admitted in his
Cairo radio speech that we are using the "grim
and dangerous" base of 1500 calories per day
per person in making up our food shipment esti-
mates for Europe. But 1500 calories is a starva-
tion diet; it is a diet on which, as Mr. Hoover
admitted, children become ill and old people die.
Next, we are shooting for only a four-months'
program at this starvation level. Mr. Hoover has
said (and almost everybody has repeated it af-
ter him, like a rubric) that our chief problem
is to carry the world to the next harvest. But
nobody knows if the next harvest will be nor-
mal, if the weather will be kind, if the starving
people of Europe are physically able to plant
and work a fair crop, or if they have livestock
and gasoline enough to help them. They are
already eating seed wheat in Poland. No mat-
ter; limiting the problem to four months re-
lieves us of the need of rationing ourselves.
And so the magic word "harvest" is set up in
neons alongside the equally magic word "pro-
gram;" and the synthetic glow emanating from
both hides the realities of death and hunger.
rTHIRD, OUR MAIN DRIVE is directed toward
shipping cereals; to read current reports on
Ihtiireall's Letter
WASHINGTON-It didn't get into the papers,
but President Truman sat down the other
day with Secretary of the Treasury Fred Vin-
son and Democratic National Committee vice-
chairman Dick Nacy to discuss the Southern
rebellion against Bob Hannegan.
Nacy told Truman that the Southerners were
up in arms over the last erroneous letter sent
out of National Committee Headquarters and
signed by Bob Hannegan, urging Democratic
leaders to pick good candidates this time.
The letter was interpreted by Southerners as
indicating a purge of all Democrats; so Nacy
told Truman that Dixie Democrats now wanted
a new letter from Hannegan endorsing all Dem-
ocratic members of Congress for reelection.
Truman replied that he would agree to no such
thing. He said if the Democratic National Com-
mittee endorsed all Democratic members of Con-
gress, it would put Democrats who entered the
primaries at a disadvantage. The President was
thinking particularly of certain districts where
Democrats may be booted out in the primaries
by other Democrats who very much agree with
the Truman program.
Finally the President said:
"There will be no new letter. The National
Committee has admitted its error. I am fully
satisfied that Bob Hannegan knows how to run
his own affairs. I am going to continue to let him
run them, too."
Blyrnes' Opponents
No man in the U.S. government needs more
support today than Jimmy Byrnes, now strug-
gling to straighten out the tangled skeins of
peace. Yet, while he is in Paris, certain die-hards
on Capitol Hill have been busy as bird dogs cut-
ting his appropriations throat.
One of Byrnes's strongest peace weapons is the
goodwill of the Russian people. If they are friend-
ly to the U.S., his hand is strengthened 100 per
cent with their bosses in the Kremlin. Proof of
this is the way the government-controlled Mos-
cow Radio has been blasting away at the Rus-
sian people about decadent U.S. capitalism.
One small start towards counteracting this is
an illustrated magazine, "Amerika," published
by the State Department and circulated in Russia
to the tune of 10,000 copies. This is all the Krem-
lin will let inside Russia, though negotiations are
now underway to increase the circulation to
In the middle of these negotiations, however,
niggardly Representative Louis Rabaut, Michigan
Democrat, neatly ran his knife through the State
Department's appropriation for "Amerika." Ap-
parently disapproving of the idea of penetrating
the Soviet "iron curtain," he and a majority of
his appropriations sub-committee decided in
effect to tell Byrnes what he should or should
not do in Russia.

Behind 1 TeCurtain
Meanwhile, here is a confidential report from
an official in the American embassy in Moscow
on the job "Amerika" already has done on the
Russian people:
"In the past month a hospital director re-
quested 50 copies of each issue for patients, say-
ing it was excellent reading matter; a radio re-
pair man said he would give priority on radio
repair work to any customer who got him a copy;
in a theatre the other night I sat in front of
two women who were reading the third issue of
'Amerika.' They didn't go out between the acts.
"Soon a large group gathered around them. The
women read the headlines aloud. Everyone com-
mented on the interest of the articles, the quality
of the paper, and color work. Several weeks ago,
before the fourth issue arrived, a young office
worker from a certain commissariat made her
fourth visit to the embassy in a single month,
pleading for a copy. The girl said that a doctor
refused to treat her unless she could produce a
new copy of 'Amerika.'
(Copyright, 1946, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

our famine activities is almost to come to believe
that there is only one useful food in the world,
and that is grain. But there are other foods; meat,
for example: and there are experts who testify
that the consumption of meat in unrationed
America has climbed as much as forty pounds
per person per year in the last few years. If we
could ship more meat, we could reduce the de-
mand on grain; and meat means fat, which is so
scarce in some areas of Europe that a singl4
pound is sometimes doled out, by medicine drop-
per, to 300 persons; drop, drop, on the out-
stretched tongue.
No one knows how much fat we could save by
rationing, by a real collection program, and by
limiting the use of edible oils in non-edible prod-
ucts, like soap and paint; but it would certainly
be a lot in any medicine dropper.
Our refusal to ration in these fields again
shows how low our sights are set; we are think-
ing in terms of too few foods, in too small quan-
tity, for too few peoile, for too short a time. But
the word "program" covers it all up, like a bit
of wrapping-paper, and makes it look like a
All that we are failing to do could be excused
if we were' rationing ourselves; but our unique
unrationedness in a rationed world studs our
efforts with hundreds of little question marks.
Mr. Hoover's sympathy for the hungry is ob-
viously genuine, but he is bitterly opposed to
rationing, and because he is opposed to ration-
ing one senses notes of conflict in his presenta-
tion. The more feeling he pours into his picture
of the world's hunger, the more glaring be-
comes lie fact that we eat from 3200 to 3400
calories a day; his tales of sorow undermine his
own anti-raitoning position, but he clings to it;
he is stuck with both sides of the peculiar
ND SO BITS of our unfinished domestic poli-
tical argument about the power of govern-
ment slop over into our famine program; Mr.
Hoover is fighting a domestic political battle
while trying to feed the hungry; he cannot dis-
entangle the two, and the one hangs like a ma-
laise over the other. And so once again an un-
finished domestic squabble cripples us and rend-
ers us curiously helpless, and more inept than
we are. As on other questions, in other fields,
the world waits, while we eye each other, and
wonder how far we can safely go with each other,
in saving ourselves and humankind.
(Copyright, 1946, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
cL/deri o tIe 6dilo

not be synonomous with govern-
ment control. During the war the
Federal government, both directly
and through the medium of the Re-
construction Finance Corporation, set
up many new industries in this vast
country, and greatly expanded the
facilities of many others. The govern-
ment was unwilling during the war
to allow Alcoa to remain the sole
source of aluminum in our entirea
country, so the Reynolds Metals Com-
pany was deliberately set up as a com-
petitor, financed almost completely
by government funds. The Board of
Directors of Reynolds had complete
control over all policies of the com-
pany, and there was not one Govern-
ment representative on the Board.
It is a similar arrangement which
should be suggested in the newspa-
per field. If a monopoly in the pro-
duction of aluminum is dangerous,
a monopoly in the distribution of
news is more dangerous. If a separ-
ation of government ownership and
private control is possible in the
aluminum field, it might also be
possible in the newspaper field.
There is a monopoly in the dis-
tribution of news. The only two met-
ropolitan newspapers establish ed in
this country in the last ten years have
both been set up by that millionaire
store-keeper Marshall Field.There are
no new competitors. The existing
sheets are all primarily business en-
terprises, and their main goal is to
make a profit. Mr. Robert Lasch sug-
gested in a Chicago Sun column a few
days ago that perhaps the profit mo-
tive was not adequate to secure a fair
distribution of news. I would agree

Ont Pears on,
To The Editor:
THE EDITORS of The Daily deserve credit for
their rare ability to recognize true genius
wherever it is to be found. However at times I
fear they fail to give the devil his full due.
For example Drew Pearson, that great foun-
tain-head of the "inside information" from the
"unimpeachable source," sometimes fails to get
the appreciation he so richly deserves.
Mr. Pearson, who seems to know more about
the inner workings and hidden mechanisms of .
the State Department, the F.B.I., the Kremlin,
and Lady Astor's boudoir, than most of us know
about our own families, can be a rich source of
fascinating and ever scientifically valuable in-
In a recent column Pearson produced a true
gem of purest ray serene. He stated "startling
facts and figures on Japan-there are 14,000 chil-
dren in Japan born of GI fathers..
This statement should be looked at, not twice,
but three times. Trhe U.S. Army of Occupation
has been in Japan less than eight months. For all
recorded history the human animal has carried
its young nine months. But the source is unim-
peachable. We must therefore conclude that ei-
ther (a) The United States has not only atomic
bombs but atomic soldiers or (b) Drew Pearson
is positively the last word as a source of "inside"
-Cornelius J. Loeser
Local Traffic
To The Editor:
HAVE NOTICED the letter which appears in
The Daily of April 18 regarding the traffic
situation. I should like to add my comment.
I have never seen any place (with the excep-
tion of important inter-city highways) where it
is so difficult to cross a street. I have noticed this
on State St., Forest St. and in particular, in front
of the Museum (known around campus as sui-
cide corner.) In the city from which I come no
such situation exists because (1) there is a strict-
ly enforced twenty-five mile speed limit within
the city limits, (2) there is a law giving a pedes-
trian the right-of-way at an intersection, (3)
there are traffic lights at busy street corners with
pedestrian lights included where pedestrian traf+-
fic is especially heavy or important (as in the
neighborhood of a school).
This seems to me a job for the Ann Arbor pol-
ice department. However, if no action is taken
in the near future, the University should
take steps to alleviate the situation. Let us hope
the situation will be corrected before a serious,
maybe even fatal, accident takes place.
-Gladys F. Rivkind

with Mr. Lasch. The unanimity of Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
opinion among the major newspapers ence, and the Arts: Midsemester ie-
on any big issue was startingly re- ports are due not later than Monday,
vealed recently, when only three big April 29.
papers in the country supported the Report cards are being distributed
workers during the General Motors to all departmental offices. Green
strike. The reason is not obscure- cards are being provided for fresh-
the newspapers themselves are Big men and sophomores and white cards
Business. for reporting juniors and seniors. Re-
T IS IN THIS situation that the ports of freshmen and sopohomores
IS I THS stuaton hat should be sent to 108 Mason Hall;
government ownership of newspa- those of juniors and seniors to 1220
pers is suggested-meekly, almost Angell Hall.
timidly. The control of the newspa- Midsemester reports should name
pers would be left completely in the those students, freshmen and upper-
hands of those legitimate interest classmen, whose standing at midse-
groups in this country who are denied mester is "D" or "E", not merely
adequate- coverage of news in the those' who receive "D" or "E" in so-
existing press. called midsemester examinations.
For instance, there are many pa- Students electing our courses, but
pers in the country which represent registered in other schools or colleges
the interests and the viewpoint of of the University should be reported
the Packing Trust and the big can- to the school or college in which they
ning companies, but there is no ma- are registered.
jor paper which honestly represents Additional cards may be had at
the working farmers. The farm pa- 108 Mason Hall or at 1220 Angell
pers which do exist are small and Hall.
circulate only among farmers. They E. A. Walter
never touch on the farmers inter-
ests in the United Nations. In short, Attention June Graduates:
they fail to present the farmer to Graduation announcements and
the world, and they fail to present leather booklets can be ordered
the world to the farmer. ..April 30 through May 3-at no other
If the farmers groups in Illinois tine. You can place your orders
were granted control of a govern- from 10:00-12:00 and 1:00-3:00 at a
ment-owned paper in Chicago which booth outside of Room 4, University
could run 300,000 copies daily, they Hall. All orders must be accompan-
could do a better job of running it ied by payment in full. Prices will be
than certain other publishers, whose announced in The Daily at a later
names we all know.-date

Publication in the Daily Official Bui-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angel haill, by 3:30 p.m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 am. Sat-
lICTI)AY, APRIL 26, 1916
VO L. LVI, No. 124
honors Convocation: The 23rd An-
nual Honors Convocation on Friday
April 26, at 11:00 a.m., in Hill Audi-
torium, will be addressed by John P
Dawson, Professor of Law, and re-
cently Acting Regional Economic
Counselor, U. S. Department of State
There will be no academic procession
Faculty members will assemble in th
dressing rooms in the rear of th
Auditorium and proceed to seats on
the stage. Academic costume will b
worn. Reserved seats on the main
floor will be provided for studen.
receiving honors for academ ic
To permit attendance at the Convo
cation, classes with the exception o
clinics, will be dismissed a:; 10:45 a.m
Doors of the Auditorium will be oper
at 10:30 a.m. The public is invited.
Notice to Faculty Members regard,
ing Termination of Veterans' Bool
and Supply Order for the Sprint
Term, 1946:
Faculty members must specify al
books and supplies required in thei
courses not later than May 10 in or
der that the University may meet th,
deadline for filing invoices with th
Veterans Administration by the en
of the term.


Willow Village Program for veter-
ans and their vives.
Friday, April 26: "l~cselde rtilip
How to get democratic group action
and Parliamentary Procedures."Dr.
Fred G. Stevenson, Extension Staif.
8-10 p.m., Office, West Lodge,
Friday, April 26: Dancing Class.
Beginners, couples, 7 p.m. Auditori-
um, West Lodge; Advanced, eouples,
8 p.m. Auditorium, West Lodge. Mem-
bers of Monday night lass for
single men are iivited t att-esd
with guests.
Saturday, April 27: Squ.re and
Round Dance, 8 p.m., Audit:riuni,
West Lodge.
Sunday, April 28: Classical Music,
Sunday, April 28: Ve:perk': Rev.
James Van Pernis, Protaiuit Direc-
tors Association, 4-5 pm., Coife'rence
Room, West Lodge.
Sunday, April 28: Fout ball Movie,
University of Michiga n vs. lzi di,
commentary by. membher of Athleticy
Staff, 7:30 p.m. Auditoriia, Wtl,

Candidates for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate for June: A list of candidates
has been posted on the bulletin board
of the School of Education. Room
1431 University Elementary School.
Any prospective candidate whose
name does not appear on this list
should call at the olfice o(,tluhe"-
Corder of tht, Sc hoUof1'E&IucatIi
1437 U.ES
cal, Clivil, Electrical and Mechanical
Engineering: A representati., of the
McDonnell Aircraft Company, St.
Lotis. Missouri, will interview seniors
. graGuating in June and at tihe end of
the Summer Session for positions :11
design and development. Inervitws
will be held in Room 3205 East ln-
, gineering Bldg. all day today and un-
e til noon tomorrow. Interested seniors
e will please sign the interview sced-
ule posted on the Aeronautical Engi-
e neering bulletin board near Room
n B-47 East Engineering Bldg.

University Lecture. Dr. Alice Ham-
ilton, Assistant Professor Emeritus of
Industrial Medicine in the Harvard
Medical School, will lecture on the
subject, "The History of Control of
the Dangerous Trades in the United
States," at 4:15 p.m., Tuesday, April
30, in the Rackham Amphitheater,
under the auspices of tHe Office of
the Dean of Women. The 1)1im is
cordially invited.


NOR WOULD IT be possible for the
government to control this news-
paper, once the farm groups had been
granted control. We need only imag-
ine an Illinois politician telling a
farm organization with 300,000 votes
to change its editorial policy-that
just doesn't happen in politics.
In fact, the only censorship that
the government could exercise over
this paper would be based on the libel
laws and the power of the courts.
That would be a valid form of censor-
ship-a form which is badly needed
-Ray Ginger
IT IS, of course, economically a par-
asite, sucking its life from the city,
but giving back to the parent stock
little more than a festoon of city-
bought beauty. It costs something
to live in the suburb, especially the
typically well-set-up community, but
its comfortable standards are main-
tained by profitable industry in the
From the standpoint of popula-
tion, the suburb is almost wholly
parasitical, securing its remarkable
increase not from births but from
the influx of families.
It has been facetiously remarked
that the commuter is fed and clothed
for pen-pushing in the skyscraper,
and that he is the only American
whose heart and treasure are twenty
miles apart. In short, the suburb
flourishes numerically, aesthetically,
and economically at the expense of
the everyday American society which
it endeavors to escape.
-Carl von Rhode in Harpers

Graduate Students Receiving Degrees
in June:
A special graduation announce-
ment will be made up for graduate
students if the total orders placed by
graduate students warrant the addi-
tional expenditures involved. You
can place your orders April 30
through May 3 from 10:00-12:00
and 1:00-3:00 at a booth outside of
Room 4, University Hall. All orders
must be accompanied by payment in
full. Prices will be announced in
The Daily at a later date. All pay-
ments will be refunded promptly if
the special announcement is not
The Administrative Board of the
College of Literature, Science and
the Arts at its meeting April 19 took
the following actions:
Students whose total records are
below a "C" average at the end of the
Spring Term, 1946, will be asked not
to register again, unless in the opin-
ion of the Administrative Board they
can prove extenuating circumstances.
Students who are asked not to regis-
ter may petition for the privilege at
a later time.
This regulation does not apply to
The special regulation passed by
the Administrative Board January
29 concerning veterans will stand.
That regulation reads: "Veterans,
even though they may have earned
an unsatisfactory record in their first
term of residence, will not be asked
to withdraw. They will, however, be
asked to withdraw at the end of their
second term of residence unless they
can earn at least a "C" average for
their elections of that term."
Administrative Offices which have
printed information regarding Wil-
low Run Village which was published
in February 1946 should destroy this
material at once, since it is now ob-
solete. The Office of the Dean of
Students will be glad to furnish up to

Mathematics Lecture: Captain H.
H. Goldstine on leave from the De-
partment of Mathematicswill talk on
the Eniac (Electronic Numerical In-
tegrator and Computer), built for the
Army at the University of Pennsyl-
vania, on Monday, April 29, at 4:15
p.m. in the Rackham Amphitheater.
Academic Notices
English 1, Sec. 17 (Dr. Bacon), will
meet today and hereafter in Room
1018 Angell Hall.
English 31, Section 4: The assign-
ment for today, will be to continue
with Sonnets where we stopped on
April 24.
A. L. Hawkins
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet in Room 319 West Medical
Building today at 4 p.m.
"Enzymes and the Intermediary
Metalobism of the Fat Acids." All in-
terested are invited.
School of Business Administration
-Courses may not be dropped after
Saturday, April 27, without penalty.
School of Education Freshmen:
Courses-dropped after Saturday, April
27, will be recorded with the grade
of E except under extraordinary cir-
lumstances. No course is considered
cropped unless it has been reported
in the office of the Registrar, Room
I, University Hall.
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for DROPPING
)e Saturday, April 27. A course may
oe dropped only with the permission
of the classifier after conference with
the instructor.
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for REMOVAL OF
INCOMPLETES will be Saturday,
April 27.
W. J. Emmons, Secretary


Student Recital: Margaret Wardle,
harpist, will present a recital in par,-
tial fulfillment of the requirements
for the degree of Bachelor of Music,
at 8:30, Sunday evening, in Lydia
Mendelssohn Theater. A pupil of
Lynne Palmer, Miss Wardle has
planned a program to include com-
positions by Bach, Gluck, Debussy,
Prokofieff, Salzedo, and Ravel. The
public is invited.


By Crockett Johnson
y r


Mr. Shultz telephoned. To thank
you for sending him the cigars.
He was very oleased. John, that


Does HE smoke
cigars, Pop?


A timely bit of inte!igence, m'boy.
Changing the entire complexion of the
case. We know the Refrigerator Bandit


Come, Barnaby.. . Come,
Gus. The game is afoot!


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