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VOL. LVI, No. 121
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, '' 1L4AY, APRIL 2', 1946
PRICE FIVE CENTS
By Governing Group
Student Affairs Committee Calls
For Reorganization Suggestions
The Student Affairs Committee called a special meeting to be held
May 6 to discuss complete reorganization of the Committee and invited all
students and campus organizations to present their views on the Commit-
tee's composition and functions.'
Action was taken yesterday afternoon following discussion of the Stu-
dent Religious Association's petition for a student representative in addition
to the five students now serving on the Committee.
The petition, which had been sent to the Committee for recommenda-
tion by President Alexander G. Ruthven, was tabled.
Takes Ghief .Justice Stone;
Drive in. South
With CIO Foreseen
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, April 22 - The
American Federation of Labor
launched an all out battle, with the
Congress of Industrial Organizations
today to organize workers in the
A goal of 1,000,000 new members
in Dixie within a year was announced
by William Green, AFL president.
The CIO headed by Philip Murray,
previously had disclosed plans for
a $1,000,000 southern organizing cam-
Conference at Asheville
Green said a southern labor con-
ference would be held at Asheville,
N.C., May 11-12, with delegates in-
vited from 8,600 local AFL unions
already established in southern states.
The AFL currently claims 1,800,000
southern members among its total
enrollment which it declares is more
A greater voice for the AFL in the
political affairs of the south was
among the topics listed for discussion
at the Asheville meeting. Green's
statement said that besides complet-
ing plans for the organizing drive
the conference will take up these
Four Points Listed
1. "Coordination of national and
state legislative and political activi-
ties in the south."
2. "Hastening of reconversion and
expansion of industrial activity in
the south through union-manage-
3. "Marshalling of labor forces to
resist inroads of Communism and
4. "Mobilization of labor support
for the advancement of the econ-
omic and social welfare of southern
agriculture through cooperation with
AFL's executive council meets in
Washington May 15, immediately
after the southern conference, and
Green's statement said the council
"presumably will consider ways and
means of supporting the southern
drive with asistance from the nation-
al organization as well as affiliated
Available in City
Rock lathe, shingles and soil pipe
are so scarce in Ann Arbor that there
is enough for only 100 new houses, R.
D. Osgood, chairman of the Materials
Sub-committee of the Veterans and
Citizens Housing Committee said yes-
George Walterhouse, local contrac-
tor, commented pessimistically, "If
you get 100 you'll be lucky." Citing
the city's need for 3,000 new houses,
Walterhouse pointed out that the
previous high for houses built in a
year is 290; the average is approxi-
Bathtubs, linoleum, flooring, nails,
two-by-fours, drain tile, and column
brick are other scarce materials, ac-
cording to contractor H. D. Libolt.
He said it takes 3,000 individual items
to build a house. Contractors are
using substitutes in some instances;
shipments of some materials are ex-
pected in late May and June, he said.
There are only one third the num-
ber of trained building mechanics
needed available, Libolt said, and it
takes four years to train a man in the
skilled trades such as masonry and
The Committee decided that rec-
ommending that one additional or-
ganization be given representation
would do nothing to eliminate present
dissatisfaction with student repre-
sentation on the Committee.
Recommendations to the President
will be made only after a complete
discussion of the size of the Com-
mittee, the ratio of faculty to stu-
dent members, the method of select-
ing student members, and the func-
tions of the Committee.
Deadline May 1
Rcommendations and suggestions
on the subjects to be discussed must
be submitted in writing to the Office
of the Dean of Students by May 1.
They will be mimeographed and sent
to members of the Committee, who
will request students representing
various viewpoints presented to ap-
pear before the Committee to further
discuss their recommendations.
Decisions made by the Committee
will go to President Ruthven in the
form of recommendations.
Membership of the Committee is
established by Board of Regents' by-
laws, and final action on the Com-
mittee's composition must be taken
by the Regents.
At present, the Committee consists
of the Dean of Women, the Dean of
Students, six faculty members and
five students: the chairman of Men's
Judiciary Council, the president of
the Union, the president of the
League, the chairman of the judiciary
council of the League, and the man-
aging editor of The Daily.
The Committee has full control
over all student activities other than
athletics and publications. No ac-
tivity falling under the jurisdiction
of the Committee can be organized
or carried out without the Commit-
With four hundred signatures on
petitions late yesterday, Wayne Saa-
ri, literary college senior, needed 200
names to be a candidate for nomina-
tion as Democratic choice for Con-
gressional Representative from this
The petitions, which have been cir-
culated mainly by students, must be
completed by noon today. Saari is
24 years old and has lived in Ann Ar-
bor for five years. He will be 25 in
time to fulfill the age requirement.
Saari was Democratic campaign
manager for the four counties around
Ann Arbor in the presidential and
congressional elections of two years
ago. He will graduate from the Uni-
sity in June as a political science
"I wish to thank all those persons
who have helped circulate petitions,"
Saari said yesterday, adding, how-
ever, that he still needed help. "Those
interested in circulating petitions to-
day can reach me at 21642, or at the
Public Affairs office in Lane Hall,"
In telegrams sent Sunday to Presi-
dent Truman and Secretary of State
Byrnes, the Ann Arbor Chapter of
the American Veterans committee
demanded that theUnited Nations
conduct a complete investigation of
Polish charges against Spain.
The text of the telegrams follows:
"We consider Fascist Spain a threat
to world peace, and demand full in-
vestigation by the United Nations of
charges against the Franco regime."
A spokesman for the local AVC
chapter declared, "We are certain
that the Franco government is op-
posed by the majority of the Span-
ish people, having been founded only
GARSON SAVED BY FISHERMAN-Actress Greer Garson smiles
gratefully at Vincent Sollecito, skipper of a sardine boat who saved her
from drowning at nearby Carmel, Calif. Sollecito, on hand as technical
advisor to a movie-making crew, plunged into the surf and rescued the
actress when she was accidentally swept into the sea during filming
of a seacoast scene. She's hospitalized, in Monterey, Calif., suffering
shock and abrasions.
Coai1i0 ove Results in Fall
For Next Week
Students Will Choose
Sixty-three students have petition-
ed for posts on the Student Congress,
new campus governing body, the
Men's Judiciary Council announced
In a campus-wide election Tues-
day, April 30, and Wednesday, May
1, the student body will choose 18
representatives from these candi-
Although the majority are inde-
pendent candidates, two groups of
students will campaign on separate
platforms. One group running on the
same platform consist of Ted Morris,
Elsa Goodman, Judy Chayes, Terry
Whitsitt, Bob Taylor, and Charlotte
On Action Slate
Campaigning on an "Action Slate"
will be Henry K. Kassis, Rona Eskin,
Anasooya Bharatiya, Manny Rose,
and Edythe Eleanor Levin.
The independant candidates are as
follows: John W. Schockley, Richard
Courtright, Homer E. Underwood,
Mary Alice Dunivan, Warren Palmer,
Doris G. Krueger, Albert M. Warner,
Henry Kaminski, Harry H. Jackson,
Lorelei Nierman, Marion Riegel, Joan
Catherine Sanders, Louis Lawrence
Orlin, Lynne Ford, Charles Lewis,
Barbara Irene Stuaffer, Bette Ham-
ilton, Marilyn E. Hendricks, Harriet
Risk, Eugenia McCallum, Carla Mul-
lendore, Marshall Wallace, John T.
Hayes, Kate Hearst, Donald McGre-
gor Fyfe, Margery Harrington, Ruth
McMorris, Max Benedon Kogen, Ar-
thur Rebel DerDerian, Virginia Coun-
cell, Ray Davis, Sidney Zilber, Robert
Randal Pollock, Dulcie Beth Kras-
Melvin B. Raskin, Wilton Jaffee,
Tom Walsh, George Nicolau, Gellert
A. Seel, dharles E. Fisk, Steve Scour-
les, Seymour M. Chase, George A.
Leonard, Nancy L. Schlademan, Grace
Lorraine Foster, Flo Kingsbury, Ev-
erett B. Ellin, Alice Doumanian, Mary
Lloyd Benson, Charles G. Helmick,
and Haskell Caplin.
Meeting with the Common Council
Ordinance Committee and the City
Police Commission, a five-man Taxi-
cab Owners Committee yesterday dis-
cussed proposed changes in the local
cab ordinance revision.
No action was taken by the Ordi-
nance Committee, a regular commit-
tee of the Council which replaced
the Special Taxicab Committee in
considering the revision. The cab
owners committee, which was pres-
ent at the invitation of the ordinance
group consists of Joseph Schiros,
Kenneth Martin, Elmer Dicus, Carl
Breining, Jr., and Jim Pugsley. Hu-
bert Thompson represented the own-
ers as attorney.
Members of the Ordinance Com-
mittee are Aldermen Harkins, (chair-
man) Nichols, Kurtz, Pryer, Smith,
Frederick, and Saunders.
Police Commissioners Joseph Hoop-
er and Herbert Frisinger, Chief of
Police Sherman H. Mortenson, and
Alderman A. D. Moore, who headed
the committee which prepared the
proposed revision, were also present.
TOKYO, April 22 -(/P)--Japan's
second postwar cabinet fell tonight
under pressure of opposition parties
for a coalition government.
Aged Premier Kijuro Shidehara
and his ministers resigned in a group
after Shidehara told them the action
was "necessary to stabilize the poli-
tical situation" resulting from the re-
The 73-year-old baron emerged
from retirement: last October to
form a government replacing the
To li Topic of
The attempted lynching of a Negro
in Columbia, Tennessee and the ar-
rest of one hundred others who fought
to prevent the lynching will be dis-
cussed at a MYDA meeting at 7:30
p.m. today at the Union,
Victim of the would-be lynching,
James C. Stephenson, 19 year old
veteran, defended his mother against
the abuse of a repairman, Will Flem-
ing, who, she maintained, kicked her
when she accused him of cheating.
Police arrested Stephenson and his
mother, but made no charges against
Fleming, whose brother is the Demo-
cratic Party nominee for county sher-
Fifteen of the hundred Negroes,
who were arrested and held incom-
municado, were charged with attempt
to commit murder.
A meeting of the Inter-Racial As-
sociation will be held at 7:30 p.m.
tomorrow to discuss ways of obtain-
ing financial contributions to aid
"surrender" cabinet of Prince Nar-
His regime had been generally ex-
pected to be short-lived, and his fall
appeared imminent last January
when General MacArthur's political
purge hit officials of cabinet rank.
Shidehara saved the situation at that
time with a drastic revamping of his
cabinet, but again carne under heavy
fire after the April 10 election, in
which no party won a majority.
Throughout most of its six-
month existence the cabinet was
widely criticized forfailure to solve
the nation's urgent food problem
and other difficulties. Organized
political opposition finally forced
tonight's group resignation despite
Shidehara's repeated announce-
ments that he intended to remain
in office until the new Diet con-
vened. All but one political party,
all Tokyo newspapers, most trade
unions, and other organizations
backed the demand that he step
The Progressive Party supplied the
final push to the tottering cabinet.
The Progressives refused to accept
his as president until he resigned as
Shidehara took his resignation
to the Imperial Palace shortly af-
ter 7 p.m., Tokyo time (5 a.m. EST).
Emperor Hirohito accepted it.
General MacArthur had already
been informed by foreign minister
Shigeru Yoshida of the cabinet's de-
cision to resign.
The fall of the cabinet culminated
a series of post-election political
maneuvers so complex that the aver-
age Japanese was bewildered and
the makeup of the next government
seemed anyone's guess.
BACKS BRITISH LOAN - Michi-
gan Senator Arthur Vandenberg
yesterday placed his influence be-
hind the British loan proposal in
a major Senate speech on the eve
of his departure for Paris with Sec-
retary of State Byrnes
'Economic War Will
Result from Refusal'
WASHINGTON, April 22-(P)-Sen.
Vandenberg (Rep., Mich.) today.
placed his influence behind the $3,-
750,000,000 British loan proposal,
He expressed dislike of some details.
But he found "a final balance in fa-
vor of the bill in terms of intelli-
gent American self-interest, which
ought to be the determining factor."
The influential Republican stated
his position for the first time in a ma-
jor Senate speech; delivered to a
crowded chamber on the eve of his
departure for the Paris foreign min-
isters meeting with Secretary of
Predict Economic War
Rejection of the credit, he warned,
might lead to an "economic war." In
that case, he continued, the world
would be forced into bilateral bar-
tering, and that, "in this new age, is
linked with state regimentation, the
direct antithesis of what we hold
America could more than hold its
own in a foreign trade free-for-all,
he conceded, if "we did what it takes,"
namely, resorted to regimentation.
"The point is," Vandenberg went
on, "there is a better way, and the
pending bill points to the better way
if it can be done."
Reasons for Loan
"1. I cannot ignore the fact that
our experienced leaders in trade and
commerce, with a few significant ex-
ceptions, almost invariably recom-
mend this loan.
"2. Without this loan Bretton
Woods is all but nullified.
"3. We need not fear added imports
to balance these new export accounts
because the historical record dis,.
closes that, except for war periods,
and restrictionist thirties, a nation's
imports (even of manufacturers)
have increased on an absolute basis
as its home industry grew.
Results Not Tabulated
MANILA, Tuesday, April 23 -(P)--
Orderly voting was reported through-
out the Philippine Islands this morn-
ing as nearly 3,000,000 eligible voters
began to cast their ballots for the
men who will lead their new repub-
The leading Presidential candi-
dates, incumbent Sergio Osmena and
Manuel Roxas, voted before 10 a.m.
Roxas conceded four provinces to
Osmena but predicted confidently
that he would win by 300,000 votes.
Osmena said nothing.
Transportation difficulties were ex-
pected to limit the vote in country
districts to 70 per cent of normal.
Justice Black Gets
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, April 22-
Chief Justice Harlan F. Stone, 73, of
the United States Supreme Court
died tonight of a cerebral hemorr-
hage a few hours after he had been
stricken ill on the bench of the Su-
His illness had been originally
diagnosed as a "small attack of in-
digestion" and complete rest for a
few days at home was ordered for
him by a doctor. A few hours later
his death was announced.
Family at Bedside
Mrs. Stone and their two sons,
Marshall Stone of Cambridge, Mass.,
and Lauson Stone, of New York City,
were at the bedside when death came.
First word of the Chief Justice's
passing came in a telephne call from
his secretary, Miss Gertrude Jen-
The justice's illness dramatically
interrupted the court session today
It was the first time the court had
convened after a three-week recess
during which the opinions handed
down today were prepared.
Stone had worked hard during the
recess, Elmore Cropley, clerk of the
court, told a reporter, and probably
had "over-taxed himself."
He was born Oct. 11, 1872 on a
farm near Chesterfield, N.H.
Appointed by FDR
President Franklin Delano Roose-
velt appointed Stone, a Republican,
Chief Justice after the jurist became
widely known to judicial "circles as a
"liberal." He had been an associate
justice for 16 years, appointed by
President Calvin Collidge in 1925.
The death of Justice Stone left the
Court with only seven of its nine jus-
tices available. The work of presid-
ing over the Court now devolves upon
Justice Hugo F. Black, pending the
appointment by President Truman
of a new Chief Justice.
"Criticism of music is an highly
undeveloped art with few good prac-
titioners today," Olin Downes, music
critic of the New York Times, said
last night at a University lecture in
the Rackham Lecture Hall before
more than 500 people.
Downes stated that the music de-
partments of the universities fur-
nish the best material for able crit-
ics, since the requisites aside from a
keen ear, natural taste and an open
mind include the ability to read mu-
sic and the knowledge of theories and
With this background, the critic is
not just a reporter but must interpret
music interestingly with creative ideas
in order to stimulate thought and
contribute to the development of the
A good criticism, according to
Downes, presents deductions and re-
flections with the facts and may
arouse controversies, but this too adds
to our culture.
The lecture, sponsored jointly by
the School of Music and Pi Kappa
Lambda, national music honor so-
ciety, followed the initiation of
Downes as an honorary member and
twenty seniors and graduate students
recently elected to membership in
Pi Kappa Lambda.
Gabler To Head
City Food Drive
In response to a request yesterday
from Henry A. Wallace, George H.
Gabler will chairman Ann Arbor's
part in the nation-wide Emergency
Food Collection drive.
Canned food and money donations
frnm vow rimm mifi iw 14oUT.n-
FRENCH RESISTANCE LEADER:
'U'O Trained Librarian Liberated
By MIRIAM LEVY
Yvonne Oddon, incorporating
methods of the American cataloging
system learned while studying and
working at the University General
library, has resumed her work as.
the most distinguished French woman
librarian, Dr. William W. Bishop, lib-
rarian emeritus at the University
said. Dr. Bishop became acquainted
with her while he was on a lecture
tour, when Miss Oddon was a stu-
dent in Paris Ni- woo srnt in en_
Seized by German soldiers in 1941,
Miss Oddon was tried in the same
year and circumstantial accounts of
her execution appeared in New York
newspapers. Through the Interna-
tional Red Cross and other sources,
it mn tq1a r8that Shp l vD ana