TIE MICHIGAN DAILY
TES1)AY, APRIL 23, 1946
A SOCIAL NECESSITY:
National Health Bill
WITH VETERAN stand-patters like Sen. Van-
denberg flitting unconcernedly about in the
international spotlight, and that upstart Kaiser
doing his best to set the lords of industry squarely
on their steel and rubber ears, serious efforts to
block social legislation should logically have gone
museumward with other relics of antiquity.
But the rough-going encountered by the
President's national health bill is unwelcome
indication that myopia remains among the
incurables-even in this wonderful age of atom-
ic science and new leaves for the Vandenbergs.
The opening guns in the health bill battle were
fired in the Senate education and labor commit-
tee by Chairman Murray and ranking minority
member Taft. Taft tabbed the bill "the most so-
cialistic ever put before Congress"; while Murray
parried with the accusation that "every time
anyone tries to do anything constructive for the
people, people like you criticize it as socialistic
The ensuing verbal free-for-all shocked visit-
ing nuns, finally had to be stricken from the
records, and ended in Taft's stalking out of the
NOW the American Medical Association has
joined the opposition forces through its Jour-
nal in a bitter denunciation of the authors of the
Murray-Wagner-Dingell bill. Announcing the
first plank in a twelve point platform directed
against the health bill, A.M.A. asserted that the
responsibility for attainment of good health
"should be placed as far as possible on the in-
dividual, but the application of community ef-
fort, compatible with free enterprise, should be
enouraged with governmental aid where need-
This platform is carefully designed to tread
on no one's toes, but it would not bear exam-
ination. A.M.A. fails to recognize that the need
for government action, which they imply might
arise at some remote time, is neither a remote
nor a trivial need, but an acute and pressing
one. Statistics prepared by Sen. Pepper's sub-
committee revealed facts about American
health and medical facilities that they would
find difficult to ignore.
(INE widely publicized indication of poor na-
L - tional health is the fact that 40 per cent of
the men examined for the armed services in
World War II were found unfit for duty.
The committee also found that illness and
disability take 600,000,000 man days from in-
dustry and cost the nation $8,000,000,000 every
Preventive service is alarmingly inadequate.
Forty per cent of the nation's counties have no
full time health officer. Almost as many have no
recognized general hospital. In 1944, 553 counties
had less than one physician for 3,000 people;
and 37 had none at all.
Government studies have shown that only
25 per cent of the people have sickness insur-
ance. Less than 7 per cent of even the lowest
income group receive any free medical care.
Sickness is the greatest single cause of families
going into debt.
NO SINGLE PIECE OF LEGISLATION is a
cure-all for such widespread ills as these; but
NIGHT EDITOR: ANN KUTZ
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
THE wind that blows through the diag has
been filled with the agitation and aggrava-
vation of the how, whys and wherefores of stu-
dent government. Amidst all the shouting about
this intended panacea for our grievances, the
thought suddenly comes to us that there is one
problem about which we ought to do something
here and now.
Freshmen women have long been informed that
their behavior while on campus will be judged
democratically by a group of girls selected from
among the students. One day we. started won-
dering just where democracy enters a picture
in which, thousands of students are governed
according to a code which they had no voice in
Rarely a day passes when some dorm, soror-
ity, or league house resident doesn't hurl a
stream of mild invective at the innocent black-
robed dignitaries of the Women's Judiciary
Council. The fault lies, not so much with Judic,
as we had previously supposed, but with the
women of this campus who allow themselves to,
be regulated to a code which was drawn up
without their knowledge or their approval.
WE ARE SPEAKING of the loose-leaf note-
book which rests in a desk in the Council's
uhambers in the League, containing a code which
stipulates the degree of punishment to be meted
out for various offenses.
We find the situation rather archaic and more
than a little ridiculous when a woman of 21 years
is found sitting in her room at 8 p.m. every even-
ing for three weeks in retribution for some rela-
tively minor offense. The custom which tells the
Council to don black robes when hearing cases
adds the final chord to the whole silly symphony.
We think that most of the coeds agree with
us in believeing that they should cease to be
treated as arrogant children. Perhaps, on the
other hand. the majority has no' fault to find
with the present rules. We don't know. Wo-
men's Judic doesn't know, BUT SOMEBODY
fl1t T'T T KNOAW!
the Murray-Wagner-Dingell bill, if some miracle
should permit its passage through a conservative
Senate and a divided House, should ease the fi-
nancial burden of illness and encourage people
to take better care of themselves.
The bill embodies three of the five proposals
concerning national health legislation made by
President Truman in his annual budget mes-
First, that public health, maternity, and
child health services be expanded.
Second, that federal grants be made for med-
ical education and research.
Third, and most important, that a national
social insurance system be established for pre-
payment of medical costs.
The other two proposals, calling for grants for
hospital construction and for better protection
against loss of wages during illness, are being
considered in other legislation now before Con-
THE Murray-Wagner-Dinger bill does not pro-
pose to establish state medicine. It would
in no way impair individual selection of doctors
and free acceptance or rejection of patients.
It is, intead, an insurance system which would
spread the cost of medical care over the entire
nation. It would enable families to pay physicians
fees and hospital expenses in small, regular
amounts. Most important of all, it woufd enable
them to pay while they are still working and able
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
r HE RICH, FULL, NEGATIVE LIFE: When
Mr. Stettinius rose last week in the Security
Council to speak on the matter of Spain, he be-
gan by noting that it was late in the afternoon
He seemed rather grateful that it was late, for
that made it necessary, as he somewhat owlish-
ly pointed out, to speak briefly. He spoke briefly
indeed; he murmured something about wanting
Franco ousted, but about desiring no internal
trouble in Spain, and he sat down.
And it was not at all as if a great nation had
spoken its mind to the world in this grave
debate, and then only because it had to, and be-
cause it was expected. The feebleness of this
contribution should tell us something about the
dangers of the negative position we have adopt-
ed on the issue of Spain, as on so many other
issues. It is rather sad to find that a nation as
great as ours is not burning to have its say; but
seems, on the whole, relieved to note that the
cocktail hour has arrived to foreclose speech.
We appear flurried, and unlike ourselves, and
these are the penalties which have to be paid
by those who take up the negative way of life.
Newspapermen with grade-A contacts spread
the good word that what we really fear is com-
munism in Spain. This fits into the general
bent of our foreign policy, which is not affirm-
atively to spread democracy, but negatively and
defensively to resist communism.
BBUT one cannot get up and make hot speeches
about one's fear of Communism in Spain;
that might sound a little like Franco himself,
and it is a kind of unmentionable in the great
council. So one is glad, instead, for the lateness
of the hour, or one reaches for other soft little
We raise, in listless and disprited style, the
spector of civil war in Spain, but that issue is not
involved in the proposal before the Council, which
is to withdraw diplomatic recognition from Fran-
co; and fear of this proposal comes oddly from
us, who are the champions of the world in using
recognition and non-recognition as diplomatic
weapons. The only way in which a diplomatic
break could lead to a civil war would be if it
weakened Franco; which means we are perhaps
a little afraid of weakening Franco, which means
that we are standing in an ideological mess way
up to here.
These high contradictions of our position dis-
tress us, and so we turn to ambiguous nega-
tions to ever more strained and indirect ways
of saying no; we want more time to study the
facts; and Sir Alexander Cadogan, speaking
for the United Kingdom, finds that the Fran-
co regime is a domestic issue for Spaniards;
and it is no and no and no; two great nations
pettishly saying no, seizing eagerly upon ever
more complicated ways of uttering the hard
little monosyllable, motto of the rich, full nega-
* * * *
X UT can even the negative bojective of stopping
Communism be attained by these flustered
negations? One must ask the questions. For the
audience in the Council chamber has begun to
laugh. It laughed twice recently: once when the
Australian delegate referred to the United States
as having "an open mind;" and again when the
same delegate asked for the "facts" on Spain, and
the Soviet representative frantically waved a
paper full of them at him.
The laughter is not good for us. It is a mirth-
less titter, which may spread round the world,
as puzzled men watch us feverishly raise a ban-
ner with the strange device, "No!", and hear
us so earnestly bidding the oppressed to group
themselves, for time withoub end, under the curia
(Copyright, 19J46 N.Y. Post Syndicate)
IT SO HAPPENS
* A Garland Of Non-I bids
Our Watering-Place Reporter
T HE slash in beer appropriations for the City
of Ann Arbor has caused a small segment of
the student population to go to all kinds of ex-
We sat in on a recent meeting of the Thank
God It's Friday Club at a well-known campus
watering-place. Everyone in the joint seemed to
be competing with everyone else to get the most
suds out of the barrel.
Norman Kenyon, please note: the above ap-
plies only to a small segment of the student
Duck That Post-War Era
YOUR four-year old son's toy train will soon
belch black smoke similar to the real thing,
one of those "meet the amazing postwar era"
publications informs us.
Toy trains soon to be manufactured "will use
a tiny electric motor developed to operate hy-
draulic valves of the aircraft wing flaps. The
track will have only two rails, and the cars will
be made from plastic, weighing one-third
less than a die cast car."
Fine, but when they start including just a bit
of Uranium 235 in the kid's chemistry set, we're
staying in bed ...
Senator Claghorn Special
A PROFESSOR of ours startled us the other
day-and at the same time revealed that he
is a top-notch radio fan.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
We were attempting to enlighten the rest of the
class on a delicate point, when he leaned over
"Speak up, son!"-
Fred Allen should knock on his door some time.
From Time Remembered
STOP making those dirty cracks about higher
education, no matter what you read in the
We're picking up some valuable informa-
"The dice used in modern games are almost
exactly like those found in the tombs of an-
cient Egypt, classic Greece and the Far East,"
or so says one of those thick reference books.
"Notorious Roman dicers were Mark Antony,
Augustus, and Nero. Caligula oftn cheated at
dice and Claudius wrote a book on dicing."
The Army of the United States seems to have
inducted a lot of old Romans.
Move Over On Portistan
NEW CARS may come off the assembly lines
without fenders and, possibly, without bump-
ers or other stamped parts, we learn.
The explanation-"It comes about like this.
OPA has granted a 19 per cent price increase to
metal stampings (11 per cent to those who had an
8 per cent advance last August). But this doesn't
include service stampings for autos and trucks.
These latter products are under their own special
ceilings. They are still frozen at 1941 levels. And
stampers don't propose to turn out any automo-
tive stampings unless they can make a profit.':
See, it's simple.
What else troubles you, son.
(All items appearing in this column are written by
members of The Daily staff and edited by Editorial
At the State . .-*
"M ISS SUSIE SLAGLE 'S" features Veronica
Lake, Sonny Tufts, Lillian Gish, and new-
comer Joan Caulfield in a picture dealing with
medical school life some thirty-five years ago.
The title of the movie refers to a charming
boarding house where young doctors in the mak-
ing live. With scenes of hospitals, emergency
operations, and gay student diversions, the pic-
ture attempts to show that the study of medi-
cine is difficult but interesting. The veteran
Miss Gish turns in an acceptable performance in
the title role while Veronica Lake is uninspira-
tional and Tufts his usual bumbling self. A wel-
come addition to the collection of Hollywood
lovelies, Miss Caulfield does a nice job. "Miss
Susie Slagle's" is neither good nor bad. It's just
At the Michgaii .* *
"SENTIMENTAL JOURNEY," with John Payne,
Maureen O'Hara, and William Bendix, has
nothing to do with a journey but is sentimental
as hell. It is the story of a husband and wife ii
love. The wife dies and their adopted daughter
is left to care for the grief-stricken husband.
Quite touching. Payne and O'Hara perform satis-
factorily, but it is Bendix and Connie Marshall,
the new child star in the role of the imaginative
daughter, who manage to take top honors. At
times very moving, "Sentimental Journey," is an
unhappy picture which can be taken or left.
Those who enjoy a good cry in the movies will
probably take it.
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p.m. on the day$
preceding publication (11:00 a.m. Sat-
TUESDAY, APRIL 23, 1946
VOL. LVI, No. 121
School of Education Faculty: The
April meeting of the faculty will beS
held on Monday, April 29, in the Uni-
versity Elementary School Library.S
The meeting will convene at 4:15 p.m.
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: Midsemester re-
ports are due not later than Monday,h
Report cards are being distributed
to all departmental offices. Green
cards are being provided for fresh-
men and sophomores and white cards
for reporting juniors and seniors. Re-
ports of freshmen and sophomorest
should be sent to 108 Mason Hall;r
those of juniors and seniors to 1220
Midsemester reports should name
those students, freshmen and upper-
classmen, whose standing at midse-l
mester is "D" or "E", not merely those
who receive "D" or "E" in so-calledt
Students electing our courses, but
registered in other schools or colleges1
of the University should be reportedl
to the school or college in which they
are registered. "
Additional cards may be had at
108 Mason Hall or at 1220 Angellt
E. A. Walter
Men's Residence Halls: Reappli-]
cations for the SUMMER SESSION
for men now living in the Residence
Halls are ready for distribution.
Blanks may be secured from the Of-
fice of the Dean of Students. All ap-
plications for reassignment must be
in the hands of the Dean of Students
ON OR BEFORE APRIL 30.
Due to the critical housing situa-
tion and to the fact that a number of
the buildings of the West Quadrangle
will be closed during the summer for
decorating and repairs, it may not
be possible to accept all students who
apply for reassignment.
Reapplications for the Fall Term
will be available at a later date,
which will be announced as soon as
Candidates for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate for June: A list of candidates
has been posted on the bulletin board
of the School of Education, Room
1431 University Elementary School.
Any prospective candidate whose
name does not appear on this list
should call at the office of the Re-
corder of the School of Education,
Graduating Seniors in Aeronauti-
cal, Civil, Electrical, and Mechanical
Engineering: Representatives of the
Boeing Aircraft Company, Seattle,
Washington, will interview seniors
graduating in June and at the end
of the Summer Session for positions
in engineering. Twenty-minute in-
terviews will be held in Room 3205
East Engineering Building, all day
Tuesday, April 23. Interested seniors
will please sign the interview sched-
ule posted on the Aeronautical En-
gineering Bulletin Board, near Room
B-47 East Engineering Building. Ap-
plication blanks may be obtained in
the Aeronautical Engineering Office;
these should be properly filled out
prior to the interview time.
1946 Michiganensian: The Ensian
is going to press this Friday. We are
able to order 400 more Ensians. All
those who failed to order their sub-
scription by the April 15th deadline
may get theirs this week at the Stu-
dent Publications Bldg.
1945 Michiganensian: All those
holding receipts for the 1945 Michi-
ganensian are asked to pick up their
copy at the Student Publications
Bldg. as soon as possible.
City of Detroit Civil Service an-
niouncemnts have been received in
this office for:
Junior typist. Salary, $1752-$1980.
Intermediate typist. Salary, $2169-
Junior stenographer. Salary, $2245-
Closing date is May 17.
Calculating machine operator. Sal-
Posting machine operator. Salary,
Closing date is May 30.
Junior purchasing agent. Salary,
Intermediate Purchases Agent.
Closing date is April 24.
Supervisor of Hospital Nurse Edu- i
ation. Salary, $3913-$4071. T
Closing date is May 1. d
Student Social Worker. Salary, t
Social Case Worker. Salary, $2415-
Medical Social Case Worker.
Closing date is May 7.
Principal City Planner. Salary,
Head City Planner. Salary, $6613- p
Technical Aid (Male or Female).p
Salary, $2245-$2397. Business Admin-
istration, Medical Science, General-P
Closing date is May 8.
Playleader. Salary, $7.70-$9.45 per
day. Filing date, April 25.
Life Guard. Salary, $1.00-$1.25 per
hour. Filing date, April 25., r -
Junior Recreation Instructor Sal-
ary, $2321-$2473 per year. Filingt
date, April 25.
Swimming Instructor. Salary, $2549c
$3016 per year. Filing date, April 25.
Further information may be ob-
tained at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, 201 Mason Hall.
Willow Village Program for veter-
ans and their wives.U
Tuesday, April 23: Lecture Series:r
Professor Claude Eggertsen, Schoolr
of Education, will lead a discussionI
on pressure groups in the United
States. 2-4 p.m., Office, West Lodge.-
Wednesday, April 24: Bridge, 2-4t
p.m., Club Room, West Lodge, 8-10
p.m., Conference Room, West Lodge.
Thursday, April 25: Home Plan-
ning. Adelia M. Beeuwkes, Instructor
in Public Health Nutrition, will dis-
cuss "What's New in Nutrition," the
second of a series of three lectures.
2-4 p.m. Office, West Lodge. us
Friday, April 26: "Leadership:
How to get democratic group action,
and Parliamentary Procedures," Dr.
Fred G. Stevenson, Extension Staff.*
2-4 p.m., Office, West Lodge; 8-10
p.m., Office, West Lodge.
Friday, April 26: Dancing Class,
Beginners, couples, 7 p.m. Auditor-
ium, West Lodge; Advanced, couples,
8 p.m. Auditorium, West Lodge. Mem-
bers of Monday night classes for
single men are invited to attend
Saturday, April 27: Square and
Round Dance, 8 p.m., Auditorium,
Sunday, April 28: Classical Music,
Sunday, April 28: Vespers: Rev.
James Van Pernis, Protestant Direc-
tors Association, 4-5 p.m., Conference
Room, West Lodge.
Sunday, April 28: Football Movie,
University of Michigan vs. Indiana,
commentary by member of Athletic
Staff, 7:30 p.m. Auditorium, West
Urgent. All former co-op members,
residents or boarders, please contact:
Henry Kassis, 6284 or Barb La Sha,
University Lecture: Dr. Solon J.
Buck, Archivist of the United States,
will lecture on "The National Ar-
chives," at 4:15 p.m., Wednesday,
April 24, in the Rackham Amphi-
theater under the auspices of the De-
partment of Library Science and the
Division of the Social Sciences. The
public is cordially invited.
Faculty members who desire to con-
fer with Dr. Buck on 'Wednesday
morning, April 24, may arrange to
do so by calling Professor R. H.
Gjellsness (tel. 765).
University Lecture. Dr. Alice 11am-
ilton, Assistant Professor Emeritus of
Industrial Medicine in the Harvard
Medical School, will lecture on the
subject, "The History of Control of
the Dangerous Trades in the United
States," at 4:15 p.m., Tuesday, April
30, in the Rackham Amphitheatre,
under the auspices of the Office of
the Dean of Women. The public is
The final lecture in the series on
Marriage Relations will be given in
the Rackham Lecture Hall, 8:15 to-
night. Tickets and identification are
necessary for admission.
French Lecture: Dr. Francis W.
Gravit, of the Romance Language
Department will offer the last French
lecture on the series sponsored by the
Cercle Francais today at 4:10 p.m.,
n Room D, Alumni Memorial Hall.
'he title of his lecture is: "Frenesie
ans ia rue Quincampois". This lec-
ure is open to the general public
nd free of charge.
Final Examination Schedule for
Women's hecalth Lecture
Section I-Mon. Apr. 22, 4:15
Section II-Tues. Apr. 23, 4:15
Section II-Wed. Apr. 24, 4:15
p.m.-Natural Science Auditorium.
Please appear for examination in
the section in which you are enrolled,
Doctoral Examination for Gladyce
HeIclene Bradley, Education; thesis:
'The History of School Health Ed-
ication in West Virginia, 1863-1945,"
today at 4:00 p.m., in the East Coun-
cil Room, Rackham Building. Chair-
mman, 0. W. Stephenson.
Seminar in Applied Mathematics and
Special Functions. At the meeting
today at 3 in Room 312 West Engin-
eering, Dr. George Piranian talks on
"Infinite iteration of completely reg-
ular summability matrices". At the
meeting on May 7 Dr. Opatowski,
mathematical biophysicist from the
University of Chicago, will talk on
"Markoff chains, a new field of ap-
plication of the Laplace transforma-
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for DROPPING
COURSES WITHOUT RECORD will
be Saturday, April 27. A course may
be dropped only with the permission
of the classifier after conference with
W. J. Emmons, Secretary
School of Education Freshmen:
Courses dropped after Saturday, April
27, will be recorded with the grade
of E except under extraordinary cir-
cumstances. No course is considered
dropped unless it has been reported
in the office of the Registrar, Room
, University Hall.
Red Cross Water Safety Instructor's
Any student who is interested in
taking the Red Cross Water Safety
Instructor's Course should sign up in
Office 15, Barbour Gymnasium. To be
eligible, students should be 19 years
of age and have their Senior Life
Saving Certificate. The course will
be given during the weeks of May 6
and 17. Further details as to time and
place will be announced later.
Student Recital: Mary Jane Ward-
well, student of violin under Gilbert
Ross, will present a recital at 8:30
p.m. on Wednesday, April 24, in Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre. Given in par-
tial fulfillment of the requirements
for the degree of Bachelor of Music,
the program is open to the public.
It will include compositions by Vitali,
Bach, Mozart, Lalo, and Cecil Bur-
Faculty Recital: Lynne Palmer,
Instructor in Harp An the School of
Music, will present a program of com-
positions by Salzedo, Brahms, Proko-
fieff, Caplet, and Mozart, at 8:30
Thursday evening, April 25, in Lydia
Mendelssohn Theater. She will be
assisted by Marie Mountain Clark,
flutist, and John Kollen, pianist, in
r.iozart's Concerto for harp and flute.
The public is cordially invited.
Michigan Historical Collections:
"Early Ann Arbor." 160 Rackham.
Open daily 8-12, 1:30-4:30, Saturdays,
Michigan Chapter A.A.U.P. meets
at 6:15 p.m. today. Mr. F. L. Lem-
ler, Director of the Bureau of Visual
Education in the Extension Service,
will present a demonstration and talk
on "Visual Aids in University Instruc-
tion." Members may bring guests.
Join Union Cafeteria line at 6:15 and
take trays to lunchroom of Faculty
Sigma Rho Tau, Stump Speakers'
Society, will meet tonight at the Un-
(Continued on Page 3)
M Aidjip'zn ity
Edited and managed by students of the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of Student Publications.
Emily E. Knapp
Clark Baker .
Ann Schutz .
.. . .. . . Managing Editor
. . . . . . . . . . . . Editorial Director
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . City Editor
. . . . . . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
. . . . . . . . . . ssociate Editor
. . . . . .. . . . A .atSports Editor
.. . . . . . Associate Sports Editor
. . . .. . . .. .Women's Editor
This is certainly an empty ice bo
By Crockett Johnson
Credit the police with one excellent
What? A bare larder? C n it
[Wait. Cigar ash. Fetch 1