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April 20, 1946 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1946-04-20

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.A 11 A Ae {. , ,; AAA [ 131. I' (y . j~4 .

oi4r Sid4igan ailg
Fifty-Sixth Year

9 Mind At The End Of Its Tether

... V


cI? he


Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Editorial Stafff
Margaret Farmer . . . . . . . Managing Editor
Hale Champion . . . . . . . Editorial Director
Robert Goldman . . . . . . . . . . City Editor
Emily E. Knapp . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Pat Cameron . . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Clark Baker . . . . . . . . . . . Sports Editor
Des Howarth . . . . . Associate Sports Editor
Ann Schutz . . . . . . . . . Women's Editor
Dona Guimaraes . . . . Associate Women's Editor
Business Stafff
Dorothy Flint . . . . . . . . Business Manager
Joy Altman.. . . . . Associate Business Manager
Evelyn Mills . . . . . Associate Business Manager
Telephone 23-24-1.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is eaclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscription during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
Alember, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
kre written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

Nomination For Oblivion
oUR ROOMMATE has a remarkably revealing
bracelet. It's a silver identification job with
his name "Mickey" carefully engraved thereon.
On the reverse side appears the affectionate in-
scription, "From Mickey, With Love."
It's real silver too; the other day he scratched
it with his pocket mirror.
Whatever You're Used To
causing so much comment and deliberation
around this part of the state omitted a couple
of good angles.
Our reference book informs us that "show-
ing the finger-tips is considered immodest in
Central Asia; women in some parts of Alaska
are ashamed to be seen without plugs carried
in their lips; and in Tahiti and Tonga, cloth-
ing is unnecessary provided the individual is
* * * *
Ubiquitous Circulation Man
WE HAVE SEVERAL interesting billets-doux
on handout but only one has the true ring of
sincerity. Addressed to Dear Former Subscriber
it informs us that ."Last year we had to say 'No
Can Do' to hundreds of persons each month,"
and adds that "You happen to be one of the
executives who are really in a preferred category."
The upshot of all this being that we are now
to be permitted to subscribe to Luggage and Lea-
ther Goods, an offer made in good faith under
trying conditions, but which involves five bucks
we don't intend to part with-not even to become
an executive.
*'i* * *
Social Significance
EORGE GALLUP has discovered-along with
a lot of other things-that about a quarter
of the adult population of this country would
like to learn to fly. The GI Bill is now inter-
preted to pay for flying lessons, the small plane
business is booming, tens of thousands returned

from the services have already accumulated
large totals of flying hours.
And the other day somebody asked us what
had happened to the Air Age. We suppose the
best answer would have been to point to a
Navy trainer franticaly wiggling its wings over
a sorority house.
Just T(ked It Over
AN OLD GENTLEMAN dropped into the office
yesterday just to talk about "a serious Ameri-
can problem"-- the housing and building short-
"Just dropped in to talk about the situation,"
the desert and Las Vegas, Nev., where a super-
modern hotel is being erected directly across the
street from one of that city's larger gambling
In a small Dakota town, one new dwelling is
being constructed, and in Chicago, very little
building other than commercial, is in process.
He arrived in Ann Arbor iollowing a week's
visit to the nation's capital where he had dis-
cussed the crisis with senators, representatives
and Washington informants.
They're in a muddle about what he called "our
alarming dilemma."
"Just dropped in to talk about the situation,"
he said, as he left. Hope you didn't mind."
Mind, thought we, a pleasant non-axegrinder
in this pressure era can work as many wonders
as a good five cent cigar.
All items appearing in this column are written by
members of The Daily staff and edited by the Editorial
Food Planning
Mr. Truman is now reduced to telling us pite-
ously that we Americans eat too much. Well, you
dropped rationing, Mr. President; and if that
was not an official invitation from the head
of our domestic establishment for all of us to
eat hearty, one does not know what it was. To
end rationing in November, and now in April
to preach heavily to us that we ought voluntar-
ily to go on a famine diet two days each week
is to leave us uncertain as to whether to believe
the Truman who seeks to reassure us or the
Truman who seeks to frighten us.
Mr. Truman's original mistake was to drop
rationing; and his subsequent mistakes all
flow from that one. Once he dropped ration-
ing, it was inevitable that he should team up
with Mr. Herbert Hoover as his famine expert;
for Mr. Hoover is also opposed to rationing.
Mr. Hoover at once issued the characteristic
thesis that the world's food crisis was a short-
term crisis, which would end with the next
harvest, in four months, and that since it would
take four months to set rationing up, it wasn't
worth the trouble. Having made this pro-
nouncement, which was promptly and grate-
fully picked up by the President, Mr. Hoover
set forth upon his travels to see if he was right.

h 1
: . y"

r _
7 /7'


To the Ediitor:
Having had oui' morbid curiosity
ully aroused, we puhaed a copy of
we Piy touled 'by the editors),
allegd humor magazine Gargoyle,
but the satisfact=on of said curiosity
was no iumous~ - it was tragical.
The proverbial adae abut curios-
ity killing the cat almost killed us
t oo. but cur curiosity was satisfied to
ll extent that t.he editors ef this so-
('ai_ldhmrmaaiecannot, or at
any ratedonotly, distiuish between
humoradm After making such
an arbitrary atat t we know that
xx e slll be denounced as old-fash-
i;(ed and pi udi h. and there will be
hose \Vho shll say alt we read
is imprsesiin into the copy. or that
we have an overdoae of good tastes
and hilh principles. If we possess
he latter, we might comment that
od tates and high principles are
irtainly fine pr'erquisites to have in
writing, for they are true treasures.
We all enjov good, sparkling hu-
tror; but some of the "humor" in
Garg was repulsive, instead of amus-
ig, to us, and if space permitted we
could give exatples.
Of course it is not difficult to
offer destructive criticism; any-
body can do that. To say that all
of the copy should be scrubbed
with strong soap would do a gross
iniustice to some fine original hu-
mor. Among the articles that we
lirticularlt enjioyed was "And a
Little Rat Shall Lead Them."
We have been told through the
medium of some very cheap advertis-
ing in The Michigan Daily (cheap, or
reasonable, to Gargs coffers too, no
doubt) that the editors lack good
The answers to why the potential
contributors do not respond and to
why Garg sells so slowly may lie in
the sketchy reasons we have outlined
here: it may be (and we are inclined
to believe that it is) that the student
body and faculty want good humor,
not sensational smut. If they had
enjoyed April Gargoyle, which we
doubt, it would indeed have been a
sad commentary of their reading
For those with the big question of
why we don't contribute, we reply-
maybe we will.
--Robert L. Warren
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The April Gargoyle
did not sell slowly. It broke its previous
sales record with the saturation total of
3600 copies.)
Research and Opinion


Lea Bill Hits'F eatherbedding'

THE first definite action against "featherbed"
employment' practices was taken recently when
President Truman signed the Lea Bill obviously
designed to limit the powers of one James C.
Petrillo, president of the American Federation
of Musicians.
The Lea Bill provides penalties up to a year's
imprisonment and a $1000 fine for compelling
or attempting to compel broadcasters to hire
more employes than they actually need, pay mon-
ey for services not performed, pay unions for
using phonograph records, pay again for rebroad-
casting a transcript of a previous program, or
haltprograms originating in foreign lands or any
type of non-commercial or educational program.
This legislation was originally introduced by
Senator Vandenberg who took exception to Pe-
trillo's action in forbidding the broadcast of a
student music festival at Interlochen on the
grounds that it deprived professional musicians
of jobs. The passage of this legislation, however,
climaxes a long series of Petrillo-inspired con-
According to the Department of Justice, Pe-
trillo's power in the union of 138,000 members
is "absolute and subject to no control." He can
call strikes, levy $5000 fines on individual mem-
bers, and change the constitution of the AFM
himself. Backed by these enormous powers, Pe--
trillo has up to now successfully banned Army
talent shows, foreign broadcasts, and concerts
by the Boston Symphony Orchestra.
But the ban on recordings was the major
test of his power. During the "Battle of the
Records" which raged unabated for three years
in the press, in federal conrts, in Congress, in
the War Labor Board, and even in the White
House, Petrillo consistently ignored official re-
quests and orders from Washington. Not only
did the business of the holdout recording com-
panies suffer severely while the ban was in ef-
fect, but hundreds of small radio stations were
almost forced to shut down because of lack
of recorded music and transcriptions. Yet "Lit-
tle Caesar" came out on top.
"STAND-BY PAY" has long been a definite
policy of the AFM and it is a principle par-
ticularly vulnerable to criticism. "Stand-by pay"
refers to the union practice of requiring a radio
station or theater to pay the salaries of several
union musicians who literally stand by while
records are being played or while non-union men
are playing.
The Lea Bill outlaws "stand-by pay" 'in radio
broadcasting. But "Little Caesar", apparently
undismayed by Congress has now shifted his
attack to Hollywood. He has demanded that
eight major studios which up to now have kept
235 musicians regularly employed hire 720 at a
guaranteed minimum wage of $200 per 10-hour
week, or twice the present scale. Obviously it is
necessary that the present legislation be enlarged
to eliminate "stand-by pay" in theaters and in
the motion picture industry.
Viewed objectively the Lea Bill, despite wild
shouts of "anti-labor" from union stooges, is a
step which should prove beneficial to labor
unions. Successful achievement by labor un-
ions is dependent to a great extent upon pub-
lic opinion, and public opinion will not, or
nin, not .ng: tolerate the "coercion and

have attracted most attention, the AFM "stand-
by pay" policy is only one example of widespread
"featherbed" employment practices in industry
Congressmen have repeatedly received letters
of protest concerning union interference with
truck shipments of perishable farm products to
market. Union blockaders, the letters state, us-
ually demand payment of enough money to
pay the theoretical union driver whom the union
says should be driving the truck. Sometimes they,
demand that the non-union drivers join their
A HEALTHY constructive relationship between
labor unions and industry demands an end
to this type of union activity. Senator Aiken of
Vermont, long recognized as a friend of or-
ganized labor, has realized the necessity for
some definite action to restrict ,these union
policies and has succeeded in amending the Case
Bill to impose fines up to $2000 and imprison-
ment up to one year for just such offenses.
The restrictions which the Case Bill would
impose upon labor unions, however, are be-
lieved by many to be a serious threat to the
security of organized labor. These same observers
believe, on the other hand, that the Lea Bill may
serve as a "precedent and model for a realistic
attack on the evil of excessive employment and
paid idleness anywhere in industry."
-John Campbell


(Continued from Page 2)
Association, 4:00-5:00 p.m. Confer-
ence Room, West Lodge.
Sunday, April 21, Football movie,
"University of Michigan vs. Great
Lakes," commentary by Mr. Robert
Morgan of the Alumni Association,
7:30 p.m.
University Lecture: Dr. Solon J.
Buck, Archivist of the United States,
will lecture on "The National Ar-
chives," at 4:15 p.m., Wednesday,
April 24, in the Rackham Amphi-
theater under the auspices of the De-
partment of Library Science and the
Division of the Social Sciences. The
public is cordially invited.
The Henry Russel Lecture. Dr.
Elizabeth C. Crosby, Professor of
Anatomy, will deliver the Henry Rus-
sel Lecture for 1945-46, "The Neuro-
anatomical Patterns Involved in Cer-
tain Eye Movements," at 4:15 p.m.,
Thursday, May 9, in the Rackham
Amphitheater. Announcement of the
Henry Russel Award for this year
will also be made at this time.
University Lecture: Dr. Douglas
Whitaker, Professor of Zoology,
Stanford University, will lecture on
"Bubble Formation in Animals at
High Altitudes: a Problem in Avia-
tion Physiology" at 4:15 p.m. Monday,
April 22, in Rackham Amphitheater
under the auspices of the Department
of Zoology. All interested are cordially
Academic Notices
Final Examination Schedule fort
Women's Health Lecture
Section I-Mon. Apr. 22, 4:15
p.m.-Rackham Auditorium.
Section II-Tues. Apr. 23, 4:15
p.m.-Rackham Auditorium.
Section III--Wed. Apr. 24, 4:15
p.m.-Natural Science Auditorium.
Please appear for examination in
the section in which you are enr llen
Notice to Sophomore and Senior Stu-
dents taking the Profile Examina-
You will be excused from classesl
where there is a conflict with the ex-
aminations. Present oyour instrue-
tor my communication regarding th
test as proof of your eligibility.
IHayward Keniston, De n i
Students, College of Engineerin:
The fin a day for DROPPING
be Saturday, April 27. A course may
be dropped only with the permissionG
of the classifier after conference with
the instructor.
W. J. Emmons, Secretary

gram will incluet compositions by
Ravel, Bethoven Medtner, Grana-
dos, Albeniz, and Chopin. Mrs. Owen
is a student of iano under Joseph
The public is cordially invited.
College of Architecture and De-
sign: Water colors and oils by Mr.
Karl Kasten, Instructor in Drawing
and Painting in this College. Ground
floor corridor. Oxen daily except
Sunday, 9 to 5. through April 20. The
public is invited.
Michigan . hiistorical Collections:
"Early Ann Arbor." 160 Rackham.
Open daily 8-12, 1:30-4:30, Saturdays,
Events Today
The English Language Institute
weekly program will be held at the
Assembly Hall, third floor Rackham
Building tonight at 8:00.
The Art Cinema League presents
Josiane in "MARIE LOUISE," a fine
Swiss film. Dialogue in French and
Swiss-German; English titles. Today,
8:30 p.m. Reservations phone 6300.
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre. Box of-
fice opens 2:00 p.m. daily.
Wesleyan Guild will go canoeing
this afternoon, leaving the church at
1:30. There will be a picnic supper in
back of the church after canoeing.
Conin g1? vents


At the Lydia Mendelssohn
ART CINEMA LEAGUE presents "Marie-Lou-
ise," a French-Swiss film starring Josiane, a
12-year-old French girl. The picture now at the
Lydia Mendelssohn is pleasant. While it is doubt-
ful that it lives up to the advertisement's arty
"IMPORTANT", "Marie-Louise is entertaining.
The story is simple. Josiane does a nice
job as a young French girl who is taken from
Rouen, in 1940, to spend three months in Swit-
zerland. Since Josiane is young, French and went
through this experience, she has an easy task. In
Switzerland she lives at the home of a benevo-
lent factory owner who, inevitably, is charmed
by her unsmiling winsomeness.
"Marie-Louise" (it's Josiane's name, obviously)
is successful because of rather than in spite of its
patent simplicity. The story of a little girl who is
transplanted from bombed Rouen to peaceful
Switzerland is' not world-shaking. But, under-
emphasis, as is often the case, makes the war the
more real and terrifying. There were occasional
bits of noteworthy photography. The supporting
cast were poor actors but nice people, which
didn't bother me at all.
-Milt Freudenheim

MEANWHILE the situation has worsened rap-
idly; we have been unable, without controls,
to ship our full quotas; and suddenly Mr. Ches-
ter A. Davis, chairman of the President's Famine
Emergency Committee (who can hardly be ac-
cused of opposing Mr. Hoover for doctrinaire
leftist reasons) announces that the next crop
will not save the world, but that the crisis wil
continue for a year.
The short crisis has become a long one, in spite
of Mr. Hoover's ingenious bit of dialectics; and
Mr. Truman is left facing a dilemma. To get us
to save food, he must tell us truly terrible things
about the world's hunger, he must shake us, he
must scare us. But the more dreadful the tales
he tells us, the more preposterous it becomes
that he doesn't ration; until finally every argu-
ment for the voluntary program becomes an ar-
gument against it, and the President is left in
the position of a man quarreling with himself at
the top of his voice.
And now the great disorder begins to have
domestic manifestations. The effort to remove
enough wheat from the market to prevent a
world disaster will, if successful, produce a
bread shortage here. This disappearance of cer-
eals will also start a heavy march of meat ani-
mals to market, for if they can't be fed, they
must be slaughtered, and so, along with our
bread shortage, we will have a meat glut. Thin
will be only temporary, for overslaughter now
will produce a meat shortage in the fall.
AND that is the kind of gala future a nation
sets up for itself when it refuses to do a bit
of planning; and in the end, (as Mi. Davis hint-
ed) we may have to return to rationing just to
keep our own people from suffering want be-
cause of the imbalances produced by the aban-
donment of rationing. We could have used ration-
ing to feed the hungry world; we rejected that,
and now we may have to turn to it anyway, just
to sweep up the mess. We may end where we
started, but with the work undone, and with
giant America present a bewildered picture to
the world, as of one who can't quite remember
where he left his other shoe, and who can't search
because he has misplaced his eyeglasses, too.
(Copyright, 1946, N.Y. Post Syndicate)

Service, will present a demonstration
and talk on "Visual Aids in Univer-
sity Instruction." Membeis may bring
guests. Join Union Cafeteria line at
6:15 and take trays to lunchroom of
Faculty Club.
The Psychology Club wil Pr'escnt
Dr. Ira AlrLt1hu icr, psychiatriist at
Eloise Hospital, on Wednesday, April
24 at 8:00 p.m. le will speak on "Mu-
sic Therapy." Dr. Altshuler has re-
cently appeared on "We The People"
at which time he presented one of his
patieiis in a coixe t . Everyone is
IPli Sigma, IhOinOiar'y bio log (l 50-
('icy, wviii Spo~sci' a hi k on "'Appli-
t'.ions Of l!ollerithi f<1M) Punch
Carid Machines to Quantitative Re-
seai(' h,' by MIr. Kurt Benjin, Uni -
versiTy Medical Statistician, at 8:00
p.m. Monday, April 22, in Room 3003
(third floor front) Administration
Building, ,University Hospital. The
talk, which will include demonstra-
tion of the machines, is open to all
interested persons.

Michigan chapter
6:15 Tuesday, April
Lemler, Director of
Visual Education in

A.AU.P. meets
23. Mr. F. L.
the Bureau of
the Extension

The growing interest in public opin-
ion polls is becoming more evident
every day. The remarkable progress
that has been made by the American
Institute of Public Opinion, by the
hard work of Georg7e Gallup, and
by research institutes established and
endowed at a number of universities
throughout the country is exceedingly
significant. The development of poll-
ing technique has reached the stage
where the division of votes in an
election or a national referendum on
any issue can be predicted with an
amazing amount of accuracy, as few
as 1,000 people actually being inter-
viewed in a nation-wide poll.
The potentialities of poling in
jthe field of government are infinite.
The technique of polling is still
in its infancy. There is still much
to be done in ascertaining correct
methods for the construction of
cross sections, the wording of
questions, and the process of inter-
viewing. At the present time, the
lead in the development of public
opinion research is being taken by
universities and other educational
institutions throughout the coun-
try. Research institutes and clinics
have been established at the Uni-
versity of Denver and at Yale. It
is conmonly' believed that college
students, as a whole, are well
adapted to this type of work. Be-
cause they have an interest in the
problems under investigation, and
consider the program as a part of
their own training, they take it
Certainly a good research clinic is
needed in the mid-west! What other
university is better qualified for the
establishment of such an institute
than the University of Michigan?
-Richard J. Deutsch '46
The ntic View
To the Editor:
I note with a c{nsiderable degree
of interest, tinged with some amuse-
ment, the curent controversy over
whether or noi the University of
Michigan is entitled to charge an
out-of-State student more than twice
as much as one of Michigan's own
I stand amazed! Don't you know
that Michigan money, Michigan
made, should stay at home for Michi-
gan trade?
Then too you take all this business
you hear in classrooms about ex-
panding our vision, looking beyond
our own provineial borders, etc., etc.,
ad nauseaum. Now surely you can
realze th that stuff is fine for
textbooks- but business is business-
and what are you trying to do-be a
Coinmunis -making such assertions
as i hat a p-rson f rom another state


Phi 6igna memoers arze requested
Faculty Recital: Lynne Palmer, to attend a short business meeting in
Instructor in Harp in the School of Room 3003, at 7:30 p.m.
Music, will present a program of com-- -
positions by Salzedo, Brahms, Prok o- I et a Kappa: Alun ul Meeting
fieff, Caplet, and Mozart, at 8:30 wil he ld i Room 1035 AngelI Hail
Thursay evening, April 25, in Lydia on Monday, April 22, at 4:10 p.m.
Mendelssohn Theater. She vill be Members are urgel to atted.
assisted by Marie Mountain Clark-,--
flutist, and John Kollen, pianist, in jnThe International Center: The In-
riozart's Concerto for harp and flute. ternational Center announces a Buf-
The public is cordially invited. fet Supper sponsored by the All Na-
tions Club of the University of Michi-
Student Recital: Marian Owen,' gan on Easter Sunday evenig, Apii 1
pianist, will present a recital in par- 21, at 6:30 in the Center. Tickets are
tial fulfillment of the requirements available in the Center's office. En-
for the degree of Master of Music at tertainment in the form of a Truth
8:30 Sunday evening, April 21, in or Consequences program, a Seaven-
Lydia Mendelssohn Theater. Her pro- ger Hunt, and Community Singing is
- being offered in addition to the Sup-
.e Foreign students. their guests,
By CrockettJohnsonR and all interested American students
1; are cordially invited to attend.


So the Refrigerator Bandit came]
back, huh? Well, that doesn't
surprise us. They always do.

t's the second time food
has been stolen from our
ice box.And whadn

I -' - -- -'

again .. .

T he motive, mboy. T hats what we have to probe. Why
does this poor creature delight in stealing food?
Elementary. He's possessed of a Garaantuan appetite.

Memorial Christian Church Early
Su is Service a. 515 a .m., Sund ay.


I !

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