'n vii i WAN I )A LY
... y;.,; ... .. i1LXA s L 1
A First Class Firk in of Gherkins
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of Student Publications.
Emily E. Knapp
Pat Cameron .
Dorothy Flint . . . . . . -.". Business sanager
Joy Altman. .. ......Associate Business 'Mnager
Evelyn Mills...... AssociateBusiness Manager
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herei also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michign, as
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Subscription during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25,
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 194546
NIGHT EDITOR: MILT FREUDENHIM
---- ______-- -
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
FEARFULLY, a modifier used by the Associated
Press in describing Winston Churchill's mili-
tary alliance speech yesterday, so aptly applies
to the Tory's remarks that even politically con-
servative AP couldn't avoid it.
A "peril to Christian civilization," Chur-
chill pictured the Russians, calling for a mili-
tary Anglo-American alliance as a bulwark
behind which the English speaking peoples
can cower in readiness to hurl their atomic
bomb (which, he said, it would be "wrong
and imprudent" to entrust to the UNO)
against "Communist . . . fifth columns."
There's no doubt about it, the hero of Brit-
ain's battle for survival isn't sounding too
heroic these days. He's scared, and he doesn't
mind using every scare-word he can remem-
ber from thirty years of history in which
fear was the keynote and failure was the
Specifically, Churchill brought out the old
demand for 1) Joint use of the world naval and
air bases of Britain and the United States, and
2) Sharing of military secrets of the two nations
with interchange of military officers and train-,
ing. This means dividing the world into two
military blocs (Russians and anti-Russians).
Mr. Churchill's denunciation of "quavering bal-
ances of power" applies in the strongest manner
to his own proposals.
As a spokesman of the fast-dying British
IEmpire, Churchill is obviously turning to the
United States as the big-business imperialist's
last chance. If only he can lure brother interests
in this country into a tight Anglo-American
alliance, he may have the political power to
oppose Russian infringement on the Mediter-
ranean, Far Eastern and Middle Eastern states
which have so long been dominated by Europe's
In the chaos that followed the war, Britain,
the United States, and Russia enjoyed compara-
tively similar prestige positions in the eyes of
the world. All three had successfully saved us
from fascist slavery. Incident to this triumph,
there was a great deal of hope among the con-
qjuered peoples-piped in principally via Allied
propaganda facilities; undoubtedly this hope
played an important part in our victories. At
least it can be said that the conquered peoples
considered themselves on the Allied side. This
hope was based on fundamental promises and
impliedpromises of freedom and security for the
World. After victory, Britain (and to some extent
the United States) played down their promises,
while Russia continued to emphasize them.
Today, Russia is the nation to which the peo-
ples of the world are turning for their hopes.
rt is typical of the more short-sighted British
solutions for salvaging their prestige and mar-
kets, that Churchill is ready even now to aban-
don promises for threats, exchanging fear for
hope as the motive he'll offer the world for stick-
ing with the old system (capitalism and democ-
racy). Perhaps "blind" should replace the term
The great leader Churchill would be re-
membered today with shame had he emulat-
ed Petain's policy of fearful aquiesence in
Britain's dark hour. Today, the dark hour
is that of the world and fear is not the an-
swer. American-British cooperation is laud-
able of course, but it should be only a par-
ticipating unit of world cooperation.
Well Done .*.
UNITED STATES justice has at length settled
its claims against the Anaconda Wire and
Cable Company, charged early in the war with
irregularities in the manufacture of war goods.
Anaconda has paid to the government
$1,626,000 after a three-year legal contest.
The Anaconda case has dragged through the
THE business of explaining how it happens that
a newspaper has a new column without which
said newspaper has gotten along very well to
date; well, it's not pleasant. We know you won't
hold it against us if we just don't bother, if we
just tell you what's it all about.
Too long the Daily has suffered from the extro-
version of one or two columnists whose range
and variety were insufficient, to provide even one
semester's reader interest. This column is an
attempt to bring together the talents of the
entire Daily staff. This is the place for every-
thing that doesn't quite seem to belong any
other place. We deal in fantasy, anecdote, par-
tial comment, and the whole complex variety of
subjects foisted upon us by the mild maelstrom
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-White House reports that
President Truman plans to fire his old friend
Jimmy Byrnes as Secretary of State and replace
him with Gen. George Marshall have sent shivers
of apprehension up and down the spinal columns
of Latin American diplomats.
They recall that it was General Marshall who
during the early days of the war wrote the most
high-handed directives regarding Latin Amer-
ican sovereignty since Frank B. Kellogg sent the
Marines to Nicaragua.
Ignoring the fact that Brazil and Ecuador both
were anxious to cooperate in the war and be-
came our Allies, Marshall demanded that certain
bases be seized by the United States immedi-
ately. The fact that these were sovereign na-
tions and had something to say about their own
territory apparently made no difference to the
general. Only the restraining hand of Sumner
Welles, then Under Secretary of State, prevented
Toward the end of the war, also, General Mar-
shall was held responsible for drafting a direc-
tive, later issued under Roosevelt's name, order-
ing the State Department to keep permanent
peacetime military bases in Brazil and Ecuador.
The directive gave the State Department no
alternative in the matter. It was commanded
to secure these bases-regardless of the wishes
of the Latin American countries whose soil was
This brusque attitude regarding peacetime
bases is one reason for the serious cooling off of
Pan-American goodwill. Various Latin Amer-
ican countries were glad to give us bases during
the war as an emergency measure, but they do
not want American troops permanently on their
(Note-The proposed appointment of Gen-
eral Marshall as Secretary of State appears
to be part of the growing trend toward mili-
tarizing the United States Diplomatic Serv-
ice. Truman has now appointed Gen. Bedell
Smith as Ambassador to Russia, Adm. Alan
Kirk as Ambassador to Belgium, Gen. John
Hilldring as Assistant Secretary of State,
Gen. Frank Hines as Ambassador to Panama,
with General Marshall already serving as
Ambassador to China.)
It's hard to believe, but Army brass hats are
blocking the return to the USA of Dr. Nils Bohr,
Danish Nobel prize winner and the father of
modern atomic science.
They don't want it known, but the Army has
also turned thumbs down on a visit by Jolliot
Curie, Madame Curie's son, another atomic
scientist, on the grounds that they don't want
American scientists talking to foreign scientists.
Amazing thing is that the Army takes this
view despite the fact that the atomic bomb
discovery was made possible only by the
contributions of Italian, American, Ger-
man, Polish and Czech scientists. Without
their collaboration, its discovery would have
However, the Army is now waging an intensive
campaign to pass the fascist May-Johnson bill,
which would permit the Army to go into any
University and remove any professor, would
even set up military courts in peacetime with
precedence over civilian courts to put civilians
in jail. Hence, the present Army scare propa-
Ganda regarding consultation between scientists.
What Price Navy Awards ?
Here is one reason why Naval Reserves aren't
jumping with alacrity to sign up again in Secre-
tary Forrestal's Navy.
It escaped unnoticed, but one officer charged
with negligence in the sinking of the USS In-
dianapolis actually was awarded the Legion of,
Furthermore, he got this honor, one of the
highest in the Navy, after the sinking of the
Indianapolis and at a time when the Navy should
have kjnown he had been negligent. The officer
in question is Capt. A. N. Granum, who has the
dubious distinction of holding the Legion of
Merit and also an official reprimand, both cover-
ing dut yat the same time and place.
Perhaps the secret of his Legion of Merit is
that Granum is an Annapolis graduate.
Anyway, when the Indianapolis was overdue
at Leyte, Captain Granum had its route, speed
and estimated time of arrival. A magnetized
that is a college campls. If any of you find a two-
headed milk bottle on your doorstep this fine
morning this is the place to inform the world
of your discovery.
Editorial Wisdom .
"There's nothing like a good, invigorating
editorial," said our little four-year-old friend
John as he picked up The Other Local Paper.
"Shall I read the one entitled 'Stockings
Appear Hard to Get for Ann Arbor Working
Girls,' or 'No Rest for the Weary When the
"Read the one about the walkie-talkie,"
we told John. (No four-year-old friend of
ours is going to read about stockings or work-
John read, "It requires patience and forti-
tude in order to stock up on stockings."
"By God, they've a point," John offered.
Out of the maze of crowded classrooms and
record enrollment at The Great American Univer-
sity, Spring-Semester-1946-style, comes this
tale .. .
Virginia G. Baker, Spec., is a student in Music
Appreciation. To get into her class she had to
agree to stand up or carry her own chair. The
latter seemed the less obnoxious, so each day she
comes to Music Appreciation with a canvas camp-
ing stool, one with yellow and blue stripes for
the Alma Mater touch.
After completion of the course, Mrs. Baker says
she is going to donate the camping stool to the
University. It is going to have an engraved
bronze plate on it. It will be called, oddly
enough, the Virginia G. Baker Chair of Music
Sunday Buses .. .
Lest it seem that we ignore the burning
issues of the time; lest we give you the im-
pression that we interest ourselves not in
contemporary political phenomena; lest, in
short, you discover prematurely what dunder-
heads we are, we wish to speak seriously for
the length of a sentence. Why don't busses
run in Ann Arbor Sunday-it is certainly not
because of lack of potential business.
Support Gleeber eek' . .
This may be the wrong time of the year for it,
but we're in favor of Mike Church's recent sug-
gestion "that there ought to be a National Book
Church, on the Extension Service Staff, a very
literate bunch themselves), suggested Book Re-
turn Week a couple of nights ago after discover-
ing that unreturned books threatened the unity
of the American Home.
He would have returnees drop borrowed books
into a mailbox and returned to their rightful
owner. The postoffice department would co-
operate, shipping all books free. Postmaster
Robert Hannigan has been informed of the plan.
(A reply from the Federal Official is awaited.)
We think that the postoffice could handle the
matter in much the same way as it does hotel
keys or pocket sized license plates.
After the plan has been operative, the post-
office department might well make some pro-
vision for doing away with those annoying water
and whiskey glass rings usually appearing on
books that have been returned. That is, the few
that are returned.
Only question arising in our minds is why stop
with National Book Return Week?
Why not have a "National Gleeber Week," a
"National Caedmion Week," or a "National Zeit-
langer Week"-all of these have been neglected
and could be worked into first-class Causes.
Don't get us wrong-we're all for National
Book Return Week-National Gleeber Week, and,
(Eds. Note: Contributions for this column
come from all members of The Daily Staff. The
Editorial Director is responsible for editing and
publication of all items.)
board, showing the location of all vessels and
corrected every eight hours, showed that the In-
dianapolis was long overdue. A written report
covering a 24-hour period from midnight to
midnight, showing the Indianapolis was overdue,
was shown Captain Granum.
It was then his duty to organize a search, using
all available ships and planes. This was not
Two months later, in October 1945, the Navy
awarded Captain Granum the Legion of Merit
with a glowing citation which read:
"For exceptionally meritorious conduct in the
performance of outstanding service . . . for the
protection of all shipping . . . the successful
accomplishment of these tasks required skillful
employment of ships and planes and exact know-
ledge of the locations of all shipping . . . by his
devition to duty and through professional know-
ledge, he achieved outstanding success. His con-
duct was at all times in keeping with the highest
traditions of the United States naval service."
The Navy now states that in view of the official
reprimand given Granum, his Legion of Merit
will be withdrawn. However, a lot of reserve
officers and men who won their decorations the
hard way are now wondering whether all An-
napolis grads get Legions of Merit so easily.
(Copyright, 1946, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
Publication is the Daily Official Bai-
letn is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Bal, by 330 p. m.. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat-
THURSDAY, MARCH 7, 1946
VOL. LVI, No. 81
The University Automobile Regula-
tion will be lifted for the following
groups during the periods indicated:
Sophomore Medical students-from
12:00 noon on March 9, to 8:00 a.m.
on April 8, 1946.
Freshman Medical students-from
12:00 noon on March 9, to 8:00 a.m.
on March 18, 1946.
Student, College of Literature, Sci-
ence and the Arts:
Applications for scholarships
should be made before April 1. Ap-
plication forms niay be obtained at
1220 Angell Hall and should be filed
at that office.
Women students wishing League
House accommodations for summer
or fall of 1946 may now file applica-
tion in the Office of the Dean of
Women students who were not on
campus during the fall semester and
who wish to apply for dormitory
housing for summer or fall should
call immediately at the Office of the
Dean of Women for further particu-
Michigan Union Student Book Ex-
change: Will the book collectors for
the Michigan Union Student Book
Exchange please turn in all the out-
standing white cards to the Exchange
offices on the third floor of the Un-
ion before 5:00 p.m. on Friday. These
cards may be left any time from 10:00
to 12:00 and 1:00 to 5:00 today,
Thursday, and Friday.
Women students interested in paid
employment as baby sitters (taking
care of children) are instructed to
sign up at the Office of the ean of
Women in order to list free hours.
Those who signed up for the fall term
should do so again for the spring
term because of possible change in
Maurice Hindus, noted author and
authority on Russia, will be present-
ed tonight at 8:30 in Hill Auditorium
by the Oratorical Association Lecture
Course. Subject: "How Can We Get
Along With Russia." Mr. Hindus is
replacing Edmund Stevens, originally
scheduled to speak here March 5.
Tickets are on sale today from 10-1,
2-8:30 at the Auditorium box office,
Professor J. Kampe de Feriet, of
the Universite de Lille, France, will
speak on the subject, "Turbulence
Theory and Experiment," at 4:15
p.m., today, in the East Lecture
Room, Rackham Building; auspices
of the Department of Aeronautical
Engineering. All those interested are
Mr. John Coolidge will lecture on
"Architecture in the First American
Industrial Towns" in the Rackham
Amphitheater on Thursday, March 7,
at 4:15 p.m. The public is cordially
invited. The lecture will be presented
under the Auspices of the Depart-
ment of Fine Arts.
Graduate Students: Preliminary
examinations in French and German
for the doctorate will be held on Fri-
day, March 8, from 4 to 6 p.m. in the
Amphitheatre of the Rackham Build-
ing. Dictionaries may be used.
Graduate Students planning to
take the Graduate Record Examina-
tion are notified that this examina-
tion will be given in two sessions,
March 13 and 14, at 6:45 p.m.
Students taking the examination
who have not paid the $3.00 examina-
tion fee should pay at the Cashier's
Office and bring the fee stub to the
Graduate School Office. Veterans'
purchase of the examination has been
authorized by the Veterans' Admin-
istration and veterans can receive
approval for the remission of the fee
at the Graduate School.
The. examination is required of all
new students and of former students
Anthropology 32 will meet in Room
348, West Engineering instead of An-
Leslie A. White
Students in Chemical and Metal-
lurgical Engineering 207, Metals at
High Temperatures, will meet Prof.
By Crockett Johnson'
J. W. Freeman at 3:00 p.m. on Thurs-
day, March 7. in the Seminar Room.
No. 3201 East Engineering Building.
English 298: My section will meet
tonight at 7:30 in Room 3227 Angell
R. W. Cowden
Freshmen Health Lectures For Men:
It is a University requirement that
all entering freshmen are required tc
take, without credit, a series of lec-
tures in personal and communit
health and to pass an examinatior
on the content of these lectures
Transfer students with freshman
standing are also required to take th
course unless they have had a similai
Upper classmen who were here a
freshmen and who did not fulfill the
requirements are requested to do sc
These lectures are not required o
The lectures will be given in Roon:
25, Angell Hall at 5:00 p.m. and re-
peated at 7:30 p.m. as per the follow-
Thursday, March 7
Monday, March 11
Tuesday, March 12
Wednesday, March 13
Thursday, March 14
Please note that attendance is re-
quired and roll will be taken.
Required Hygiene Lectures For Wom-
All first and second semester fresh-
man women are required to take a
series of hygiene lectures, which are
to be given the second semester. Up-
per class students who were in the
University as freshmen and who di
not fulfill the requirements are re-
quested to do so this term. Enroll foi
these lectures by turning in a cla:
card at the Health Service, if this wa
not done at the time of regular classi-
fication at Waterman Gymnasium.
Please note that, due to conflict
with other courses, a third section
(III, meeting Wednesdays) has beer
added. Students now enrolled in Sec-
tions I or II may change to Sectior
III by reporting to Mrs. Bagley at
the Health Service.
Satisfactory completion of thif
course (or of P.H.P. 100; elective:
3 hrs. credit) is a graduation require-
I-First Lecture, Mon., March 11,
4:15-5:15, N.S. Aud.
Subsequent Lectures, Successive
Mondays, 4:15-5:15, N.S. Aud.
Examination (Final) Mon., April
22, 4:15-5:15, (To be announced)
II-First Lecture, Tues., March 12,
4:15-5:15, N.S. Aud.
Subsequent Lectures, Successive
Tuesdays, 4:15-5:15, N.S-. Aud.
Examination (Final), Tues,, April
23, 4:15-5:15, (To be announced)
III-First Lecture, Wed., March 13,
4:15-5:15, N.S. Aud.
Subsequent Lectures, Successive
Wednesdays, 4:15-5:15, N.S. Aud.
Examination (Final), Wed., April
24, 4:15-5:15, (To be announced)
History 1, Section 5a, TuTh, 3:00
p.m., will meet in Room 216, Haven
Hall, instead of in Room E, Haven
History 11, Lecture Group IV,
TuTh, 11:00, will meet in Room 348,
Engineering Building, instead of in
Room C, Haven Hall.
History 12. New sections. Note
Section 3a, TuTh, 11:00, 1018 A H.
changed from 231 A H.
Section 4a, MF, 1:00, 229 A H.
Section 10a, TuTh, 1:00, 229 A H
Section lla, MF, 1:00 Rm. E, H H.
Section 12a, TuTh, 10:00, 2003 N S.
Section 17, MF, 1:00, 2003 N S.
History 12, Section 13, MF, 9:00
changed from Room 101, Econ. Bldg.,
to Room 4082 N S.
History 50, Lecture, TuTh, 10:00
will meet in Room 1025 A H. instead
of in Room B, Haven Hall.
History 50, Section 8, Th, 2:00,
Room 229 A H.
Political Science 108 will meet in
Room 205, Mason Hall, hereafter. . .
Harold M. Dorr
Political Science 272, Administra-
Management, will meet Friday after-
noon in 215 Haven Hall from 3-5.
John A. Perkins
Psychology 31, Lecture Group C,
M F, 1 will meet in Room 231 A H.
Psychology 42, will meet in the
West Lecture Room, West Physics
"Ancient Man in the Great Lakes
Region." Rotunaa, University Muse-
im Building. March 5 through April
Tea at the International Center:
'he weekly informal teas at the In-
ernational Center on Thursdays,
rom. 4:00 to 5:30 p.m. are open to
Ill foreign students and their Ameri-
Publicity chairmen for the religious
Troups who desire publicity notices in
She Michigan Daily this week-end
'hould bring complete information to
Lane Hall by 4:00 p.m. today and
:eave it in the box at the main desk
..The B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation
inter Faith Committee will meet at
1:15 p.m. today at the Foundation.
411 those who are interested in Inter-
- aith activities are welcome.
Tau Beta Pi. There will be a dinner
meeting this evening. Members will
neet in the South Lounge of the Un-
on at 6:00. Old members who have
'eturned to Campus are invited to at-
The English Journal Club will meet
tonight at 8:00 in the West Confer-
mce Room of the Rackham Build-
ng. Mr. Robert Hayden will discuss
.he poetry of Garcia Lorca. Refresh-
nents will be followed by a general
Le Cercle Francais will meet today
it 8:00 p.m. at the Michigan League.
?rofessor Charles E. Koella of the
komance Language Department will
;peak on "Les semences de la troi-
deme guerre mondiale." This will be
followed by a general discussion.
Troup Singing and social hour. New
.nembers will be taken in. All those
nterested in improving their oral
French and wishing to make new
friends are urged to attend.
Present condition in Poland, a pub-
lic meeting sponsored by the Ameri-
,an friends of Poland: Motion pic-
tures and addresses by four recent
visitors to Poland, Honorable Stan-
ey Novak, member of the Michigan
3tate Senate, Honorable Vincent
Kline, member of the Michigan State
House of Representatives, Henry Po-
iolski, Editor of the Voice of the Peo-
le, Detroit, and Anthony Kar, of
:he Hamtramck School System; Pro-
fessor Arthur E. Wood, chairman.
the public is cordially invited tonight
it 8:00, Rackham Amphitheater.
"Mutiny on the Bounty," revival
with Clark Gable, Charles Laughton,
Pranchot Tone. Prize-winning pro-
duction. Thurs., Fri., Sat., 8:30 p.m.
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre. Reser-
vations phone 6300. Box office opens
2:00 p.m. daily.
The Geological Journal Club will
meet in Rm. 4065, Nat. Sci. Bldg. on
Friday, March 8, at 12:15 p.m.
Program: G. V. Cohee, Preparation
of maps in the U. S. Geological Sur-
All interested are cordially invited
The B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation
library committee will meet Friday
afternoon, March 8, at 4:00. All mem-
bers and others interested are invited
The Acolytes of the Philosophy De-
partment will meet in the West Con-
ference Room of the Rackham Build-
ing at 7:30 p.m. March 8. Professors
Werner Landecker and Amos Haw-
ley will discuss "The Relation of Cul-
ture to Philosophy." All those inter-
ester are cordially invited to attend.
The Women's Glee Club will hold
tryouts on Friday, March 8, at 4:00
p.m. in the Women's League. Girls
must be eligible to participate in ex-
The Angell Hall Observatory will
be open to visitors on Friday evening,
March 8, from 7:30 to 9:30, if the
sky is clear to observe the Moon and
Saturn. Children must be accompan-
ied by adults.
Wesleyan Guild invites all Meth-
odist students and their friends to
a March Wind party in the: Guild
Lounge Friday night from 8:30 to
12:00. All new students are especially
urged to come and get acquainted in
an evening of games, dancing, and re-
French Play: All students who
have been chosen for parts in "Les
Femmes Savantes" please contact
Prof. Charles E. Koella at once, Room
25 A H.
will meet in 348
will meet in 1025
will meet in Room
will meet in Room
Scandinavian 52 will meet in 2042
Natural Science Building, hereafter.
The Detroit Symphony Orchestra,
Karl Krueger, Conductor, will give
the tenth program in the Choral Un-
Hire a dozen writers. From New York, of course.
'Set up a budget. Call in a director. And get a
What a title! The Decline and Fall of
the Roman Empire. It's sensational!