T iE MICHIGAN DAILY
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
UNO Must Bend, Not Break
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
MOST'of the full-dress editorial articles on the
UNO crisis are depressing. We are not at the
stage at which any commentator, however gifted,
can do a full-fledged, formal treatment of UNO,
complete with collar, tie and sock-suspenders. At
best we can hope for small glints and glimmers
of light, little flashes and indications, and to find
these is enough; this is not yet an issue which
can be wrapped into a package by any editor, and
he who tries it will very likely say words he will
regret. It will be tried, of course; the New York
Times tries it; it attempts to polish off the Grom-
yko walk-out crisis by saying that the Council
would have "stultified" itself and "abdicated its
authority" if it had refused to hear Iran; it
considers that if a small nation's request for a
hearing is turned down "all confidence" in the
Security Council disappears, and the UNO "dies
in its infancy."
But the choice presented by the Times is re-
markably like one between dying and dying;
and one wonders how much "confidence" can
be developed by an institution which deadlocks
and blows up on its first big issue.
HE TIMES goes on to hope that the situation
is "not beyond the skill of diplomats;" but
there is nothing in Holy Writ nor in the Charter
which prevents diplomats from being skillful
before a crisis as well as after, or which ordains
that they must be clumsy first so that they can
be skillful later.
The Security Council is not as yet a well-
enough established institution for any mem-
ber power to dare to place all its bets on its
by-laws, and to be willing to go blindly where-
ever they lead; for each member has an obliga-
tion to keep the Council alive as well as the ob-
ligation to show that the moves it has made,
however stubborn, were fully in accord with the
THE FACT that the Times calls now for skilled
diplomacy is an admission that mechanical
constitutionalism is not enough to save the
world. Only a few days ago the Times (whose
opinions are discussed here only because they
are representative of a particular view) was
boasting that the "firm stand" of the West had
made Russia back down; why does it find it ad-
visable to change now, and ask for "skill" instead
of for more "firm stand"? Neither the "firm
stand" nor barren legalism can save the peace;
these are not approaches to the problem of pre-
serving the UNO, but approaches to the problem
of making the UNO a vehicle for a particular
point of view.
For a strange and sullen war is now going
on within the Council, between the West's ma-
NIGHT EDITOR: LOIS IVERSON
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
FIORELLO H. LA GUARDIA is the new direc-
tor of UNRRA. New York City's ex-major is
one of t e most news-worthy men in the coun-
try; for that reason alone, the appointment could
not be more auspicious. The job UNRRA faces is
of a kind that thrives on publicity. Feeding starv-
ing Europeans can be accomplished only through
enlisting the public's humanitarian sympathies.
Only when it is no longer a private matter will
the people with the goods sacrifice profits, to
save a few million lives.
The irony of the world situation is appalling.
It is a situation in which UNRRA states as an
objective yet to be accomplished the "drastic
curtailment of the use of grains for the manu-
facture of beverages!".
Another point on the UNRRA program is to
"divert all possible grains from livestock feed-
ing to human consumption." Cattle and hogs
are actually being held off the market, fed
millions of bushels of grain: It seems there's
a price rise in the offing.
ADMITTEDLY it's difficult to concentrate on
starving Europeans when there are down-to-
earth dollars-and-cents decisions to be made in
Kansas City. That's why La Guardia is such a
fine choice for his new job. When the ex-mayor
of a city makes the statement, "My city alone
wastes enough food every day to feed a city of
350,000 people. I know, I picked up that garbage
for twelve years," it's news. Newspapers all over
the country print La Guardia's statements.
It's one of the sadder truisms that large-scale
appeals to human unselfishness rarely succeed
without the assistance of showmanship and cir-
cus tactics. La Guardia's combination of person-
al sincerity and personal eloquence will provide
the three ring carnival needed to lure American
eyes from their corporate balance sheet.
THE U.S. Senate is currently chasing its tail,
somewhat in the manner of a dog that has
just discovered he's been "clipped."
In one gesture the Senate moves to increase
mass purchasing power by raising the mini-
mum wage to 65 cents an hour, and then, like
taking the potatoes away from the peelings, it
adds an amendment that would increase food
It has been estimated that in adding the cost
of agricultural labor to the farm product parity
formula, the consumer's annual food bill will be
upped four billion dollars or 20 per cent. This
measure would serve then, to affect adversely not
only those sub-standard workers it purports to
jority, and Russia's veto. As the West comes
more and more to rely on its majority, in an
endless series of 9-2 votes, Russia comes more
and more to rely on her veto, including the
physical veto of taking a walk. Both weapons
are being swung like axes; and the contestants
have finally traded a pair of unjustifiable
blows; the West, in refusing to grant Russia a
slight delay on the Iranian matter, and Russia
in leaving th'e Council Chamber.
THIS STRUGGLE is the story; and it is idle
to try to say a final and formal word on it,
to try to do it up in a parcel, as the New York
Times does in completely accepting the majority
position, or, say, as the New York Daily Worker
does in completely accepting the Russian view.
It is not a question of which view is right, but
of what accord can be worked out between them;
the clash is inevitable, given the world as it is
today; and to become too hotly partisan on one
side or the other is to deal in empty finalities,
included among which may be the end of hope.
It must become part of the ethics of United
Nations life to try to tame down this inevitabil-
iy; to bend, and encourage the art of bending in
others; to reduce the weapons of Western major-
ity and Russian veto to the level of historical
interest only, by resolute disuse; to withhold fin-
al judgements and self-satisfied summings-up.
Ours is a generation of transition, not fated to
deal in last words on any subject.
(Copyright, 1946, N. Y. Post Syndicate)
THE CASTLE by Franz Kafka. Knopf, 1945
reprint. 340 pages.
A DISCUSSION of
how the common man can
get to heaven evokes immediate, universal in-
terest. When the problem is treated in an allegory
of the ordinary man, the interest swells. Franz
Kafka has done in THE CASTLE, first printed in
1930, what John Bunyan did in the seventeenth
century world classic, THE PILGRIM'S PRO-
GRESS. Bunyan successfully represents the reli-
gious experience of the common man in his own
times . . . Kafka successfully represents the mo-
dern man's religious experience, a task a good
deal more difficult than Bunyan's. As Edwin Mu-
ir points in the preface to the first American edi-
tion of THE CASTLE, the modern hero of the re-
ligious allegory has a harder problem, for "Bun-
yan's hero has a clear goal before his eyes-
while the hero of THE CASTLE has literally al-
most nothing." The simple faith of the seven-
teenth century tinker, Bunyan, has given way to
the religious scepticism of the twentieth century
German intellectual, Kafka.
Both believe that grace can be obtained. Bun-
yan knows the way to attain it, and knows the
way is hard. Kafka does not know the nature
of grace, the way to attain it, nor the difficul-
ty of coning by it. Somewhere along the cen-
turies, man has gotten out of touch with God,
and Kafka shows the gulf of misunderstanding
which separates them today. His realization of
the impossibility of understanding between "the
officials" and man shakes poignant, brilliant
A.little of the story should be sketched. K.,
the hero (supposed by the editors to be Kafka
himself), comes in middle life to a small village
as Land-Surveyor. He is a stranger, and does not
become an accepted member of the community
because of his failure to understand the accepted
attitude toward the Castle. This Castle is the
scene of vast business activity, which cannot pay
great attention to detail. K.'s insistence that he
interview Klamm, the director of village affairs
for the Castle is regarded as sinful and unintell-
igible by the vilagers. The village and its people
are this world with its attendant evils. The Cas-
tle is Heavenly Grace. K. is the seeker after
grace, a "stranger" because he feels himself dif-
ferent from men who live in a state of grace
though no effort of their own.
The style is simple and natural to the point
of beauty. The conception and mood of the book
are poetic. A subtle understanding of an intense
religious scepticism is made startlingly strong
by a humor which pervades the whole work,
a humor which arises from an idea of man's es-
sentially ridiculous position in the universe.
The book is not complete, but this does not de-
tract from its perfection. Read it once and you
will read it again.
General Library List
The case against the Nazi war criminals
New York, Knopf, 1946.
To whom Palestine? New York, Appleton-Cen-
Keyes, Frances Parkington
The river road. New York, Messner, 1946.
Lewis, Clive Staples
The great divorce. New York, MacMillan, 1946.
David, the king. New York, The Dial Press,
Miss Bunting, New York, Knopf, 1946.
EASTER CELEBRATIONS in the Churches, in
addition to the renewal of loyalty to Jesus
Christ, will offer opportunity to seek for the cen-
tral characteristics of religious growth. Many
theories abound. All are familiar with St. Paul's
poem on charity in the thirteenth chapter of his
first letter to the Corinthians, "Faith, hope and
charity; these three, but the greatest-of-these is
charity." In Second Peter a series is enumerated
thus: "Adding all diligence, in your faith supply
virtue, and in your virtue knowledge; and in
your knowledge self--control: and in self-control
patience; and in your patience Godliness; and
in your Godliness brotherly kindness; agd in your
brotherly kindness love."
Professor Ernest J. Chave of the University of
Chicago, whose teaching, writings, and lectures
have won w ide consideration, has been making a
study to discover what factors are persistently
present in the experience of Chicago school chil-
dren moving toward Christian character. To be
sure he assumes, as many Christian peple do
not assume, that one can become religious by
learning. He has listed the following ten fac-
Sense of worth,
Appreciation of the universe,
Discrimination in values,
Responsibility and accountability,
Quest for truth and realization of values,
Integration of experiences into working phil-
osophy of life,
Appreciation of historical continuity, and
Participation in group celebration.
PROFESSOR ERNEST M. LIGON of Union
College, Schenectady, in a similar series of
experiments over several years, but carried on in
Churches rather than in public schools, began
with eight attitudes derived from a study of the
Beatitudes of Jesus--vision; love of righteous-
ness and truth; faith in the friendliness of the
universe: dominating purpose; being sensitive to
the needs of others; forgiveness; magnanimity;
and Christian courage. However, through further
application of his theory to groups of children
and parents he broke down those "attitudes" in-
to many factors, such as dependability or pur-
Technically there are many who question the
entire procedure asking first, when do we know
that the list of ten by Chave and eight by Li-
gon is an exhaustivc list? Secondly, where is
that trait named purposiveness, it cannot be
isolated and can never be trapped, for it is
always with other attitudes and always ap-
pears in a person. Thirdly, say the questioners,
does not parent, pastor or teacher break up the
unity of the personality, or at least hinder the
freedom when he tries to focus attention on
any attitude to make it the object of endeavor
or the subject of measurement? In any case
these men are taking seriously their effort to
improve our teaching of religion. We admire
If we could get even one tenth of the 500,000,-
000 Christians, Orthodox, Catholics, Lutherans,
Episcopalians, Presbyterian, Congregationalists,
Baptists, Methodists and the rest, reaching quite
around the world, to teach thoroughly any one
or a combination of these value systems we
would specifically serve both enduring peace and
the Kingdom of Heaven.
Counselor in Religious Education
-Edward W. Blakeman
r'HE FORM of hot music variously referred to
as the "real blues" is probably the most mal-
igned idiom we have today. Perhaps it's only to
be expected that so expressive and loosely de-
fined a style would have a great variety of inter-
preters, but the sins now committed in its name
are a shame and a scandal.
Dinah Shore, Woody Herman, Judy Garland,
and a host of others too depressing to name, are
all billed as "blues" artists, even though their tal-
ents in that field are as valid, just about, as the
"swing"'in "Swing and Sway with Sammy Kaye."'
Accordingly, when a record company collects a
small group of good musicians and turns them
loose on the blues, as the Blue Note people have
done, it is a matter of more than casual note (no
play on words is intended).
The groups reviewed today are called, to
name only three, the Port of- Harlem Jazzmen,
the Sydney Bechet Quintet and Edmond Hall's
Jazzmen. The titles, with the exception of
"Summertime", "Basin Street Blues" and "Roy-
al Garden Blues" are indicative of almost noth-
ing at all, simply names for a group of solos
and some very nice ensemble work.
THERE is, of course, other merit in these re-
cords beyond their presentation of sensitive
blues music. The solo work of Edmond Hall,
Frank Newton, Albert Ammons and the none-
such J. C. Higginbotham, Catlett's rhythm, and
Bechet's "Summertime" with Teddy Bunn's back-
ing are the bits that stood out for me, but there
are long and worthwhile choruses by lots of
Pubucation in the Daily Official Bul- A
etin is constructive notice to all mem- C
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President, $
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. on the day g
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat- a
SUNDAY, MARCH 31, 1916 E
VOL. LVI, No. 102
To the Members of the Faculty--
College of Literature, Science, and I
The April meeting of the Facultyt
of the College of Literature, Science. C
and the Arts for the academic year
1945-46 will be held Monday, April 1,
at 4:10 p.m. in Room 1025 Angell
The reports of the various com-I
mittees have been prepared in ad- E
vance and are included with this
call to the meeting. They should be
retained in your files as part of the
minutes of the April meeting.
Hayward Keniston j
1. Consideration of the minutes of!
the meeting of March 4, 1946 (pp.
2. New staff members.
3. Consideration of reports sub-
mitted with the call to this meeting.
a. Executive Comm ittee-Profes-'
sor Clark Hopkins.
b. University Council--Professor
S. B. Myers. No report.
c. Executive Board of the Grad-
uate School-Professor N. E.
d. Senate Advisory Committee on
University Affairs -Professor
R. V. Churchill. No report.
e. Deans' Conference--Dean Hay-
4. Report on budget procedure.
5. Committee on Curriculum.
6. New business and announce-
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts:
The five-weeks' grades for Navy
and Marine trainees (other than En-
gineers and Supply Corps) will be due
April 6. Department offices will be
provided with special cards and the
Office of the Academic Counselors,
108 Mason Hall, will receive these
reports and transmit them to the
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts:
The civilian freshman five-week
progress reports will be due April 6
in the Office of the Academic Coun-
selors, 108 Mason Hall.
College of Literature, Science and
the Arts, Schools of Education, For-
estry, Music and Public Health. Stu-
dents who received marks I or X at
the close of their last semester or
summer session of attendance will
receive a grade of E in the course or
courses unless this work is made up
by April 4. Students wishing an ex-
tension of time beyond this date in
order to make up this work should
file a petition addressed to the ap-
propriate official in their school with
Room 4, University Hall, where it
will be transmitted.
Group Hospitalization and Surgical
During the period from April 1
through April 10, the University
Business Office (Room 9, University
Hall) will accept newrapplications,
as well as requests for changes in
contracts now in effect, from all
University employees. These new ap-
plications and changes will become
effective May 5, with the first pay-
roll deduction on April 30.
The Museum of Art and Archaeol-
ogy on South State Street will re-
open Sunday, March 31. Visiting
hours are Sunday, 3-5; Tuesday
through Friday, 9-12; 2-5; Satur-
Girl Scouts: Miss Monna Heath,
representative of the Girl Scouts
from Chicago, will be in oui' office
Tuesday and Wednesday, April 2 and
3, to interview senior girls who are
interested in permanent positions in
Scout work all over. the United
States. 11 those who wish to talk
with her should call the Bureau of
Appointments, 201 Mason Hall, ext.
371, and make an appointment.
State of Michigan Civil Service
Announcements have been received
in this office for:
Biochemist III, salary $300-$360;
Biochemist IV, salary $380-$440;
Highway Traffic Engineer II, salary
$250-$290; Highway Traffic Engin-
eer III, salary $300-$360; Highway
Traffic Engineer IV, salary $380-
$440; Industrial Health Physician,
salary $465-$565. Closing date is
State of New York Civil Service
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
nnouncements have also been re-
Director of Social Service, salary
2700-$3240; Assistant Village En-
incer, salary $3300-$3900; Recre-
tion Assistant, salary $1300-$1560.
losing date is April 5,
For further information, call at the
3ureau of Appointments, 201 Mason
University Lectures: Mr. Michael
Lindsay, formerly professor of Eco-
nomics, Yenching University, will lec-
ture on the subject, "The Chinese
Communist Areas," at 4:15 p.m.,
Monday, April 1, in the Rakham
Amphitheater. Mr. Lindsay will also
ecture on the subject, "The Problems
of Chinese Unity," at 4:15 p.m.,
Tuesday, April 2, in the Rackham
Amphitheater. The public is invited.
La Scciedad Hispanica. The last
lecture of the Spanish Club series
will be Wednesday, April 3, at 8
p.m., in Kellogg Auditorium. Dr.
Jose Saralegui will speak on "Uru-
guay - pais del Turismo."
Bacteriology Seminar will meet
Tuesday mcrning, April 2, at 8:30
o'clock in Room 1564 East Medical
Faculty Recital: Andrew B. White,
baritone, will be heard at 8:30 Wed-
nesday, April 3, in his first program
since becoming a member of the fac-
ulty of the School of Music. It will
consist of Italian, German, French
and American compositions, and wil
be open to the general public.
Organ Recital: Adrienne Morar
Reisner will appear as guest organist
in the second of a series of five orgar
recitals, at 4:15 this afternoon in Hil
Auditorium. Mrs. Reisner, a forme
pupil of Palmer Christian at the Uni
versity of Michigan, is head of the
organ department at the Sherwood
Music School, Chicago. Her pro-
grain for 'Sunday will represent orga
literature from Bach to contempor-
ary composers. It will be open to th
Organ Recital: Frieda Op't Hol
Vogan and Mary McCall Stubbins
crganists, will be heard in an all
Sowerby program in the current ser
ies of organ recitals at 8:30 Tuesday
April 2, in Hill Auditorium. The com
poser, head of the Department o
Composition at the American Con
servatory of Music at Chicago, wil
comment on the works presente
Mrs. Vogan and Mrs. Stubbins ar
former pupils of Palmer Christian
and the former is on the faculty o
the School of Music. The public i
Student Recital: Lorna Storgaard
mezzo-soprano, will present a recita
in partial fulfillment of the require
ments for the degree of Bachelor o
Music at 8:30 Monday evening, Apr
1, in Lydia Mendelssohn Theater. He
program will include compositions b
Bach, Rossini, Schubert, Brahms
Mahler, Franck, Moussorgsky, an
Griffes. Miss Storgaard is a pupilo
Hardin -Van Deursen.
The public is cordially invited.
College of Architecture and De
sign: Water colors and oils by M
Karl Kasten, Instructor in Drawin
and Painting in this College. Groun
floor corridor. Open daily excep
Sunday, 9 to 5, through April 20. Th
public is invited.
"Ancient Man in the Great Lake
Region." Rotunda, University Muse
um Building, through April 30.
A Russian play rehearsal will b
held tonight. All members of the cas
will meet in front of the GenerE
Library at 7 p.m. Members must hav
eligibility cards to be signed at tha
Association of University of Michi
gan Scientists will meet on Monda
April 1, at 7:30 p.m. in the Rackhar
Amphitheatre. There will be shoe
business meeting followed by a talk
by Professor Preston Slosson at 8:00
p.m. on "A Report on the Rollins Col-
lege Conference on Atomic Energy,"
to which the public is invited.
The Ann Arbor Library Club will
meet in the Clements Library Friday,
April 5, at 7:45 p.m.
Robert B. Brown will speak on
"Collecting under arms." Refresh-
Economics Club: All interested
students are invited to the organiz-
ational meeting of the Students' Ec-
onomics Club, Wednesday, 8 p.m.,
Room 302 in the Michigdn Union.
Graduate students invited.
Veterans' Wives' Club will meet
Monday, April 1. at 7:30 p.m. in the
Grand Rapids Room of the League.
All wives of student veterans are in-
A Russian musical film, "Volga
Volga," presented by Russky Kru-
zhok, Russian Circle, will be shown
at 8:30 p.m. Thursday and Friday,
April 4th and 5th in Rackham Lec-
The Women's Research Club will
meet Monday, April 1, at 8:00 p.m. in
the West Lecture Room of the Rack-
ham Building. Dr. Lila Miller will
talk on "Soybean Proteins in Nutri-
Hillel Social Committee .will meet
at Hillel Foundation on Monday,
April 1, at 7:30 p.m.
First Presbyterian Church:
10:45-Morning Worship service.
Sermon by Dr. Lemon, "Priests of
5:00 p.m. - Westminster Guild
peaker will be Prof. Preston Slosson
who will speak on "Christianity in
Twentieth Century Politics." Supper
is served following the meeting.
First Congregational Church:
10:45-Dr. Parr will speak on "The
Paradox of Happiness."
Memorial Christian Church (Dis-
e iples of Christ):
Morning worship 10:50 a.m. Rev.
F. E. Zendt will preach on "The Hid-
? The Congregational-Disciples Guild
- will meet Sunday evening at 6:00 at
the Congregational Church, State
t nd Williams. The program will be
- z panel discussion led by students on
f 'What we as Guilders and as Christ-
- ions can do in the Community, Na-
1 tion, and World."
. Unity: Sunday services at the
1 League Chapel at 11 o'clock. Subject:
j "Turning the Energy of Our Old
Goods to New." In the future the
services will be held in the Unity
Reading Rooms, 310 S. State St.
Noonday Prayer services will con-
' :inue to be held through Lent from
- 12 until 12:30 daily except Thurs-
i~ Grace Bible Church, 701 E. Huron
3 St., Ann Arbor, Mich. Harold De
y vries, Pastor:
, 10:00 a.m.-Bible School. Univers-
o ity Class. Sermon: "A Little Lower
7:30 p.m.-"The Head of the Cor-
9:15 p.m. - Singspiration for all
First Unitarian Church, Lane Hall,
tate and Washington Streets, Ed-
ward H. Redman, Minister:
10:00 a.m. - Unitarian Friends'
'hurch School. Nursery through
Second Grade at 110 N. State Street.
Third Grade through High School at
Lane Hall Basement.
10:00 a.m.'Adult Study Group
Upper Room, Lane Hall.
11:00 a.m.-Service of Worship,
Lane Hall Auditorium, Rev. Edward
3. Redman preaching a second ser-
mon in the series on Old Testament
prophets: "Behold! All Souls are
6:30 p.m. - Unitarian Student
Group, at parsonage, 110 N. State
Street. Buffet Supper with bull ses-
sion on "What's Cooking in Con-
gress" led by Mr. Neil Staebler.
First Church of Christ, Scientist,
109 S. Division St.:
Wednesday evening service at 8
Sunday morning service at
(Continued on Page 6)
Edited and managed by students of the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of Student Publications.
By Crockett Johnson
Emily E. Knapp
Clark Baker . . . ,
Ann Schutz . . .
... ... . . Managing Editor
.. . . . . . . . Editorial Director
. . . . . . . . . City Editor
. . . . . . . . Associate Editor
.. . . . . . . . . . Sports Editor
Associate Sports Editor
. . . . .. . Women's Editor
. . . . . . Associate Women's Editor.
~'&. * U -
Believe me, Gus, the boy's parents are looking forward
to an instructive evening. Naturally ... I'll keep the
lecture very simple ... Referring to the annotations
of Paracelsus on the spirit world only when necessary.
Professor Liteyear is
lecturing on radar at
Town Hall? Tonight?
I've a hunch it would be morel
interesting if we stayed home.
it ought to be very I