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March 29, 1946 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-03-29

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See Page 4





VOL. LVI, No. 100




UNO Council
To Continue
Iranian Case
(r;iomyko I Absent
Second Straight Day
NEW YORK, March 28--P1)-The
United Nations Security Council was
reported authoritatively today to be
determined to go ahead with the
Iranian case despite the boycott by
the Russian delegate, who for the
second straight day absented him-
self from a Council meeting.
At the close of the Council's first
executive session in the United States
the Council officially announced that
the 10 delgates participating had
found a "considerable area of agree-
ment" for dealing with the Iranian
Informed sources, who would not
be otherwise identified, later said
that the Council members inform-
ally decided to continue with the
case. Further, it was said they may
ask for reports from both Moscow
and Tehran on these three major,
unanswered questions:
1. Why are Russian assurances
that their troops are being removed
from Iran, barring unforeseen devel-
opments, not satisfactory to the Iran-
ian government?
2. What negotiations are now go-
ing on between Russia and Iran?
3. Is the removal of Red Army
forces conditional upon these nego-
The council decided to resume open
sessions at 3 p.m. tomorrow at its
interim headquarters at Hunter Col-
lege, at which, it was said, the Iran-
ian representative, Huhein Ala, will
be asked questions submitted by the
Polish delegate Oscar Lange, and
any other questions from council
Then, it was added, the Iranian
would withdraw from the table and
the 10 delegates would decide what
to do next.
The council met without the Rus-
sian delegate, who first said he
would attend the closed meeting
then added to the confusion by re-
maining away from it.
Further, the Russian delegate, Am-
bassador Andrei A. Gromyko, said at
7:40 p.m. E.S.T.-after the council
session was over-that he did not
know whether he would attend to-
morrow's open meeting of the coun-
cil at Hunter College.
Senate Asked
Not To Saddle
BillWith Rider
WASHINGTON, March 28 --()-
Majority Leader Barkley urged the
Senate today not to saddle the Min-
imum Wage Bill with a rider de-
signed to raise the price of farm
He delivered his plea while ad-
ministration aides scurried around
the chamber trying to determine
whether there was a chance to de-
feat the amendment, which has a
strong farm state backing.
It would raise crop prices by re-
vising the farm parity formula to
include the cost of agricultural la-
Barkley said that increased food
costs might ease the benefits in-
tended for low-bracket wage earners
in the pending bill to raise the mini-
mum wage above its current level
of 40 cents an hour.
The bill proposes increasing the
wage floor to 65 cents immediately,
and eventually to 75 cents. An alter-
nate proposition, yet to be voted up-
on, would hold the initial increase

to 55 cents, which would be raised
to 60 cents 18 months later.
Barkley said the present parity
price law was "really written" by
major organized farm groups such
as the American Farm Bureau Fed-
eration, the Grange and the Farm-
ers' Union. He declared they all op-
posed the amendment.
The majority leader declared he
is "open minded" on the need for
revising the parity formula.
Religion To Be
Chave's Topic
Outlining ten functional factors of
the complex experience of religion,
Prof. Ernest J Chave, head of the
department of religious education at
the University of Chicago, will speak
on "Factors in Religious Growth" at
8 p.m. today in Rackham Amphi-
Prof. Chave's lecture will be based
on material he has gathered for a
forthcoming book. He is the author


International Board Proposed

WASHINGTON, March 28-()--A plan for an international "Atomic
Development Authority" to be tlie sole producer of thew orld's fissionable
materials and lease them to the nations for science and industry was released
tonight by the State Department.
It contemplates that over a period of years and as ADA is estab-
lished, knowledge now the exclusive possession of the United States will
be made international property and plants like those at Oak Ridge,
Tenn., and Hanford, Wash., will be owned and oocrated by the interna-
tional authority-and by none other.
The plan, stating that U-235 and Plutonium "can be denatured" so as
not to lend themselves "readily" to making atomic bombs, wsprese nted 1t0
the Senate AtomicEnergy Committee Monday by Undersecetary of State
Dean Acheson, chairman of the official committee which drafted it.
In releasing the full 78-page document tonight, Secretary of State
Byrnes wrote in a foreword that it "is not intended as a final plan but
' a place to begin, a foundation on which to build," in the committee's
The plan starts with the premise that "Uraniam is the only natural
substance that can maintain a chain reaction" and "is the key to all fore-
seeable applications of atomic energy." It adds that "it is not to be antici-
pated" that the technical reasons for this "will be invalidated by further
scientific discovery."
Thus it finds "boundaries" to the problem of "building security against
catastrophic use of atomic energy" which would not exist if the energy could
be developed "from clay or iron or some other common material.",
It also notes that Thorium, which "cannot maintain a chain re-
action" by itself, may be mixed with uranium to establish a chain re-
action "to manufacture material which is an atomic explosive and
which can also be used for the maintenance of other chain reactions."
Therefore it proposes to vest the ownership of all the uranium ore and
thorium in the world in the international authority and to make it illegal for
anyone other than the ADA to posses it or mine it.
Similarly the ADA would own and operate all the production plants i
the world, similar to the one the United States has at Oak Ridge, and it
would be illegal for any individual nation to build or run one.
The atomic energy source materials produced in these international
plants, however,'would be made available to secondary plants in the various

igh t- Week Term
To Replace Third
Complete Session
Faculty Considered Overburdened;
No Break i Vets' Subsistence Foreseen
The much-debated full-length summer semester became a dead issue
yesterday as Dr. Louis A. Hopkins announced an eight week summer sessioin
to run from July 1 to Aug. 23.
Dr. Hopkins, who will again serve as director of the summer session,
said that ten schools and colleges will be in operation.
A University spokesman said the University was unable to continue
the three-semester schedule "this year" because the faculty is overbur-
dened and "needs a rest."

UNIVERSITY CYCLOTRON - Campus "atom-smasher,"
effective producer of grey hairs.

world's most

countries, which might be state-owned or privately owned as the govern-
ments see fit. These plants could produce atomic energy for medicinal, re-
search and other scientific purposes, and for power and other industrial uses.
The committee said that the energy produced by these secondary plants
would not make explosives. The plants themselves, morover, would be in-
capable of being converted to bomb factories without extensive reconstruc-
tion which would take "two or three years" and which would advertise the
illegal activity.
The ADA would closely supervise the planning, construction and opera-
tion of these plants.
The whole control system would be bolstered by an international force
of inspectors. The inspectors would be more than policemen, however. They
would be eminent scientists who also would give advice on research and op-
The international ADA, as contemplated, would be an organization of a
type which would attract the greatest scientists of every country to its rolls.
It would be the world's supreme authority on atomic energy, with the body
of its knowledge far surpassing that held by the scientists of any indi-
vidual country.

He added that the University would
be unable to find sufficient faculty to
offer a refresher course for the fall
semester if the three-semester sched-
ule were continued.
No Break In Subsistence
However, there will be no break in
veterans' subsistence between the end
of the summer session and the start
of the fall semester, the spokesman
Courses will be offered in the fol-
lowing schools and colleges:
Literary college, College of Engi-
neering, Medical School, College of
Pharmacy, College of Architecture
and Design, School of Education,
School of Public Health, School of
Business Administration, Law School
and Graduate School,
Large Treasury Staff
Dr. Hopkins said that "the teach-
ing staff will be comparable in size to
the staff of the regular academic
The 1946 summer session will be
the 53rd in University history. The
first session was held in 1890 when
a group of chemistry students got
behind in their work and asked per-
mission to do special laboratory work
during the summer.
More than 7,500 students were en-
rolled in summer courses last year.
The Law School will open June 24
and will operate for three terms of
five and one-half weeks. The last
term will be a special intercession
See EIGHT, Page 2
AVC Resolution

Generals State
Draft Extension
Is Necessary
Offer Alternative of
'Second Rate Army'

Alec Templeton
To Perform
Here Today
The artist's own improvisations
will highlight the program of Alec
Templeton, famed blind pianist, when
he is presented in a special concert by
the University Musical Society at
8:30 p.m. today in Hill Auditorium.
Templeton toured western Europe
in concert and has been playing

International Atomic Control
Hailed by Michigan Scientists

to play here today
throughout the United States since
1936. He performed at Oak Ridge,
Tenn., home of the Manhattan Proj-
ect, and has recently returned from
a two months overseas tour for the
USO, during which he gave 49 shows
in 23 days, and made countless ap-
pearances before hospital patients.
Chorale Prelude, "Jesus Christ,
Son of God".......Bach-Rummel
Pavanne to Earl of Salisbury and
Galiard.....................Wm. Byrd
"Coucou" (The Cuckoo)......... Dacquin
Sonata in F minor, Op. 57.....Beethoven
"Intermezzo in A major"......... Brahms
"Dr. Gradus ad Parnussum," from
"Children's Corner" Suite......Debussy
Romance (written July 4, 1945)
Minuet in Style of Ravel
Fantasia on Themes from "Boris
Godounoff............ all by Templeton
"Minuet in G," reharmonized
"William de Tell"
-Improvisations, Styles of composers
Improvisations, Four-in-one
all by Templeton
Is Approved
Publication of a trial issue of Per-
spective, a literary supplment to The
Daily, has been approved by the
Board in Control of Student Publi-
Requests for contributions in the

News of the plan for an interna-
tional atomic development authority
was hailed by University scientistst
last night as "the most significantl
contribution" yet proposed toward
meeting the threat of uncontrolledt
atomic energy.1
'Excellent Analysis'l
In a tatement to The Daily, execu-
tive committee members of the As-
sociation of University of Michigan
Scientists said:
"This report gives an excellent an-
alysis of the whole problem. Its plan
for development of control seemsa
most promising to us. It appears to
be by far the most significant contri-
bution towards sohition of this tragic
problem ."
Commenting on the propo sal,
members remarked that "this is just
the sort of thing we have been ask-
ing for."
Success Depends on Cooperation
The one big question, they indi-
cated, is whether or not the plan is
feasable. Its success depends upon
thorough cooperation on all sides,
they pointed out, but a lack of this
means disaster in any case.
"Plenty of opposition" for the pro-
gram was predicted.
High praise for the plan was ex-
pressed in a telegram received by the
Association from William Higgin-
botham, executive secretary of the
County Officials
Face Se-rutin,1fy
Observers CO+nfllsed
By Political Tangles
Local political observers were par-
taking freely of aspirin yesterday
thinking over recent events in which
two county officials, the prosecutor
and the sheriff, are both under scrut-
iny in the local courts.
County prosecutor John Rae said
yesterday that he would prosecute
Sheriff John Osborn who plead not
guilty to an assault and battery
charge in Municipal Court. Osborn
was arraigned on a warrant request-
ed by Thomas Norweather who
charged the sheriff with beating him
up while he was being questioned by
Circuit Judge James R. Breakey in
the current gambling grand jury in-
Meanwhile, Osborn is the official
complaining witness against Rae in
the prosecutor's pending trial on a
drunk and disorderly charge. Rae
declined to issue Norweather's wvar-
rant earlier, claiming that it might
be interpreted as a political measure.
War Hero 'Snuffy' Smith
Owes Alimony Payments

Federation of American Scientists in
Washington D. C.
The Association will discuss action
to be taken on the proposal in the
Rackham Amphitheatre. Prof. Pres-
ton Slosson of the history depart-
ment will deliver "A Report on the
Rollins College Conference on Atomic
Energy" at 8 p.m., to be followed by
a general discussion,
* *
Kilg ore Plan
Is Upheld in
Sweeping approval of the Kilgore-
Magnuson proposal for a national
research foundation was indicated
yesterday through results of a ques-
tionnaire circulated among Univer-
sity scientific groups.
President Alexander G. Ruthven is
arranging to report majority opinion
on the question to Michigan Senators
in Washington.
To date, 179 ballots, collected at a
joint meeting this week, expressed
support of the Kilgore Bill. Sixteen
favored the Willis Bill, outlining a
slightly different type of research
foundation, while five approved some
sort of research foundation but did
not endorse any of the present pro-
posals. Seven did not favor any kind
of research foundation.
A large number of the ballots sug-
gested qualifications to the Kilgore
Bill in its present form, according to
Dr. Peter A. S. Smith of the chem-
istry department, who tabulated the
Most wide-spread comment, he
said, was the fear that ,"the adminis-
tration of a national research foun-
dation would be come a political foot-
A quite general feeling, Dr. Smith
indicated, was that freedom to choose
a research project must be preserved
at all costs. The quality of research,
it was felt, depends more upon the
ability of the man than the nature
of the project, and scientists should
be allowed to select the work in
which they are interested.
Officials administering the foun-
dation, many questionnaires indicat-
ed, should be appointed from aca-
demic groups. This feature of the
Willis Bill, they suggested, should be
incorporated in the Magnuson Bill.

Plans To Be
The future of the University's con-
struction program will be decided
next week when Civilian Production
Administration representatives will
meet with administration officials to
consider all building requests.
A University spokesman indicated
yesterday that the educational build-
ing program announced before the
CPA building restriction order was
revealed Tuesday will probably be
given go-ahead permission. Top H-H
priority has already been granted for
the men's, women's and married-
couples' dormitories.
"The University expects to be able
to proceed with building plans re-
Angel Hall Decays
The urgency of the University's
building program was made evi-
dent yesterday when Angell Hall
began to crumble.
Chunks of masonry broke off
the ledge at the top of the build-
ing at the left of the front porti-
Several pieces of the ledge have
been gathered up by future alum-
ni to add to their University sou-
venir collections.
cently announced, since all build-
ings are vitally needed to take care
of the large *enrollment of veterans,"
Briggs said.
"The high priority already given
the dormitories and apartments for
married students would seem to as-
sure that construction on these will
be permitted to proceed without de-
lay," he said. "Consequently, we are
moving ahead in these in the same
manner as before. Tuesday's build-
ing order was. announced."
French Film
"Pearls of the Crown," a French
film starring Sasha Guitry, will be
shown at 8:30 p.m. today and tomor-
row in the Lydia Mendelssohn Thea-
The film, presented under the aus-
pices of the Art Cinema League, tells
the story of the four pearls of the
English crown and the fate of their

Asks Unfettered
OPA Extension
Following a discussion of the cur-
rent reconversion situation, last
night Ann Arbor Chapter of Ameri-
can Veterans Committee passed a
resolution to be sent to Michigan Con-
gressmen stating that OPA should be
continued without crippling amend-
Points Out Inflationary Effects
Speaking for the committee on leg-
islative action, Rex Wilder pointed
out the disastrous effects of infla-
tion on labor groups with low in-
"Three out of five wage earners
earned less than $33.70 per week in
1945," Wilder said. "The cost of liv-
ing has already risen thirty per cent,
two-thirds of which happened be-
fore Roosevelt's "hold-the-line or-
der," he added.
Retain Price Control
Maintaining that price controbs
should be retained for at least an-
other year, Wilder pointed out the
fact that prices doubled following the
removal of the ceiling on citrus fruits.
Comparing the post-war periods
following World War I and World
War II, Wilder said that by 1920
prices had risen one hundred per
cent over 1914, while in a.compara-
ble period of time following World
War II, they have only risen thirty
per cent due to OPA price control,
Refutes Arguments
In refutation of the argument that
removal of price controls will permit
increased production, Fred Sunquist
pointed out that since present pro-
duction is already above peacetime'
levels and cannot be increased im-
mediately, controls must be obtained
until the existing backlog of demand
is absorbed.

WASHINGTON, March 28-(P)-A
pair of Major Generals testified to-
day that unless the draft act is ex-
tended the Congress and the country
face these alternatives:
1. Retention, for indefinite serv-
ice, of thousands of men already
2. Serious manpower shortages
in the army, and possibly the navy
and marines, at a time when Ger-
many and Japan must be policed
and international peace is not de-
3. Turning the "best army in the
world into a second rate outfit."
Maj. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, war-
time Director of Selective Service,
and Maj. Gen. 'Willard S. Paul, Army
Chief of Personnel, offered this tes-
timony to the Senate Military Af-
fairs Committee.
Both insisted, despite sharp
questions and comments from "os-
posing senators, that tlte only way
the United States can hope to ful-
fill its immediate international ob-
ligations is to extend the draft act
which expired May 15.
Chairman Elbert Thomas (D-
Utah), publicly opposed to extension
of the wartime draft, contended that
voluntary enlistments recently had
"broken all records" and would pro-
vide all men needed by the armed
General Hershey replied:
"When you get 200,000 or 300,000
men who enlist a day or two before
inductions you can call them vol-
unteers if you want to."
The General said the army needs
50,000 men monthly for the next
year and will get only one-fifth of
that number or 10,000 monthly if the
draft act expires.
U' Ranks Fifth
In Enrollment
California, Columbia,
Minnesota, NYU Bigger
The University now is the fifth
largest institution of its kind in the
United States, fall term enrollment
figures reveal.
This was indicated in a survey
made by the University of Cincinnati,
announced here today.
Michigan's total of full-time stu-
dents for the 1945 fall term was 11,-
431. This was exceeded only by the
University of California with 19,-
692, Columbia with 13,937 Minnesota
with 12,662, and New York Univer-
sity with 12,031.
Michigan officials said it was pos-
sible the University may rank even
higher at present, since enrollment in
the last few months has increased to
Michigan State College was 20th in
the nation with 5,164 students, the
survey showed. Wayne University of
Detroit, 12th in 1944, dropped out of
the top 25.

Lampe Decries Military Control of Atomic Research

Continued military control of
atomic research will result in a stul-
tification of all scientific study to a

scientifically up-to-date country in
the world, the Army will gradually
render her lower and lower in scien-
tific achievement.

of his life as background material
for a novel. In undertaking further
research, those who had a part in
the creation of the bomb would be

science are so intertwined that the
blocking of one branch means the
blocking of all.
Further Experiment Necessary

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