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NIGHT EDITOR: PATRICIA CAMERON
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
ECLINING to accept a chapter of the Red
Cross at Roosevelt College in Chicago, col-
lege President Dr. Edward J. Sparling said the
school cannot "lend its support in discrimina-
to#n of any kind." Sparling's action confirmed
lhe college student council which had voted
against accepting a chapl;er earlier.
Spaling whi said he had held off on this
subject during the war because he did not wish
tp affect blood donations, made his statement
i reference to a Red Cross announcement of
Jan. 21, 1942 which said "in deference to the
wishes of those for whom the plasma is being
provited, the blood (of negroes and whites)
' will be processed separately . . . " Sparling
skid that the separately processed blood was
then mixed by the army, to make one plasma.
The Red Cross stand was thus hypocritical.
Sparling said the decision "in no way negates
my realization of the great good that the Red
Cross has done for humanity, but there is a
rporal obligation upon the American Red Cross
ti ring its national policy into line with its
deeds of mercy."
''isanctioning a Red Cross chapter on
the Michigan campus, the Student Affairs
Committee might be accused of acting con-
trary to its policy in refusing to authorize the
fund to aid the families of General Motors
strikers on grounds that the Fund discrim-
mated in favor of one group against another.
ALTHOUGH the State Department's indict-
ment of Argentina is to be commended, the
action brings home once more the deficiency
of our foreign policy-lack of consistency.
Less than a year has passed since the San
Francisco Conference. At the conference, Ar-
gentina, upon the insistence of the United States
aid over the protest of Russia, was admitted to
the family of peace-loving nations.
Now a State Department "blue book"
charges Argentina with complicity with the
Nazis in war and to provide a base for the
reonstruction of German aggressive power
while the homeland is occupied.
There can now be no doubt that the State De-
partment coveted Argentina for political and
economic reasons when the "Nazi base" was ad-
mitted to UNO at San Francisco. Prior to the
conference, Spruille Braden, then ambassador
to. Argentina, had warned of fascism in the
At the conference, Foreign Commissar
MYolotov cited charges of Argentine fascism
by the late President Roosevelt and Cordell
The State Department wants to preserve
Hemisphere Solidarity. Citizens of the United
States have more wealth invested in Argentina
than in any other Latin American country. Why
else was fascist Argentina admitted to UNO?
The State Department's "blue book" has
not added much to our knowledge of Argen-
tine fascism. It has only served to confirm
our suspicions further. If the Department
does not now see fit to read Argentina out of
TT'Nt( our foreigrn nnhic~v cannot ognly lip said
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-Two back stage developments
contributed to the resignation of Harold
Ickes, the turbulent, two-fisted "curmudgeon"
who has held office longer than any other mem-
ber of the Roosevelt-Truman cabinets and who
has been Secretary of the Interior longer than
any other man in history.
One factor was President Truman's statement'
in a press conference that Ickes had not con-
sulted him regarding the testimony he planned
to give the Senate regarding Ed Pauley.
Real fact was that Ickes showed Truman the
telegram he had received from Senator Walsh,
chairman of the Naval Affairs Committee, and
told the President that he would have to tell
the truth. Truman replied: "Yes, tell the truth,
but be as gentle as you can with Pauley."
Truman's public statement, therefore, that
Ickes had not consulted him, was interpreted by
the Secretary of the Interior as a public slap,
making further relations between him and his
chief difficult if not impossible,
BEHIND all this, however, is a growing dissatis--
faction among many Roosevelt men inside the
government. Many have expressed themselves
privately as fed up with recent Truman appoint-
'ments and with administration shilly-shallying
regarding the wage-price-strike picture.
The appointment of three White House poli-
ticians-Ed Pauley, George Allen, and Comoro-
dore Vardaman-to very high government posi-
tions has caused more inside criticism among
men of the Ickes-Wallace school than anything
Truman so far has done,
For many months, Ickes has been urged by
outside friends to leave the government. He
has had offers from radio networks and from
newspaper syndicates. One of his mor e recent
and most important offer came from liberal
groups (including the CIO's Political Action
Committee) to head up all liberal organizations
as a sort of Judge Landis for liberal politics.
It is now probable that this will be accepted.
F OR many months a row has simmered behind
the scenes between Ickes and his cabinet col-
league Bab Hannegan, which, although quiescent
of late, was hot and stormy at one time. It has
now flared up again.
Hannegan's friends -now claim that Ickes' feud
against Pauley dates back to the Chicago Con-
vention which, after a hot fight, finally nomi-
nated Truman for vice president.
During the early days of that convention, Ickes
had come to Chicago pledged to battle for Su-
preme Court Justice William O. Douglas. Hanne-
gan, in turn, Azad come pledged to nominate his
fellow Missourian, Harry Truman.
Hannegan also had in his pocket a letter from
the President of the United States mentioning
both Truman and Douglas as men who would
give strength to the ticket. Roosevelt did not
give Truman any special preference in that let-
But before the convention opened, Ed Pauley
counseled Hannegan not to make the letter
public. Instead, Pauley advised Ilannegan to
make an oral statement that he had a letter
from Roosevelt giving his endorsement to Tru-
Hannegon followed this advice. He made an
oral statement that Roosevelt had endorsed Tru-
man and he did not make public the Roosevelt
letter endorsing both Truman and Douglas until
the Truman boom rolled up such momentum that
it could not easily be stopped.
That little strategy may have tipped the
scales of American history. If it had not been
for Ed Pauley's advice, another man might be
in the White House today.
Also, it definitely tipped the scales of friend-
ship between Ickes and Hannegan. Hanne-
gan's and Pauley's friends will never like Ickes
and it's more than mutual with him.
(Copyright, 1946, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
PREMIER STALIN'S new speech brings us the
not very remarkable news that he does not
believe in capitalism. Those who thought he
did have a right to be disappointed. But it is
straining anxiety to be upset because a man who
has been a revolutionary all his life, and who
heads the communist world, professes doubts
concerning the validity of capitalism. If he did
not have such doubts, it would be a legitimate
question to ask him what he has been doing
all these years. Obviously, Mr. Stalin has been
opposed to capitalism since about the time he
put on his first pair of long pants; and the
speech tells us only that he has not changed
The question of whether Stalin likes cap-
italism, then, is actually a not very important
question; we can expect him to praise capital-
ism when western leaders make speeches prais-
hng communism. The really important ques-
tion which comes out of Stalin's speech is
the question of what his day-to-day attitude
is going to be toward a system which, he
thinks, is doomed to experience crisis, war
If (as Stalin believes, and as communists have
always believed) capitalism is decrepit, and torn
>y unsolvable problems, is it his intention to
cooperate with the about-to-be deceased? Will
he help it solve some of its problems, by co-
operation? Or will he give it a shove, to knock
the putative corpse over?
What comes out of Mr. Stalin's speech, with
its bleak and unfinished references to the
West, is the memory of some of the bitter
. communist debates of the past, including the
great Trotsky controversy, on the specific
question of how far communism may collab-
orate with capitalism; we tend to forget that
communism is torn by this question in the
same way in which we are torn by the question
of whether and how we can get along with
T HE answer probably is that the Soviet Union
doesn't know the answer; that it sees ahead
a future of struggle against us on one level, and
cooperation with us on another level; and these
are pretty much our own perspectives, too.
There remains in Stalin's speech, however, the
mocking and challenging note, a kind of declar-
ation that we of the west will be unable to solve
our problems, and that ultimately we will bog
down into panic and then war In the Soviet
view, if we are led finally, by our fears of the
expanding communist system, into war against
Russia, that will only be a fulfillment of the
There is, of course, one clear and final
answer to Stalin; and that is to make our wes-
tern way of life work. If we can achieve
prosperity and stability, Russia must collab-
orate with us, and the theorizing flies out the
window. It is plain that Stalin does not ex-
pect we will be able to do this; it is also plain,
from a reading of his speech, that it is not
our radicals whom he believes will disrupt us,
but our conservatives.
He expects that, in a sense, we will be defeated
by some of our defenders, that western conserva-
tism, unable to amend its ways, will continue its
old patterns of ruthless competition between na-
tions, of maldistribution of resources, of bitter
fighting for work and markets. From this point
of view, it is not the man who is for a full em-
ployment act who threatens the future of cap-
italism, but the man who is against it; it is the
latter upon whom Stalin is placing his Marxist
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructivenotice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat-
Attention All Students: Registra-
tion for the Spring Term
By action of the Conference of
Deans, all students are required to
register for the Spring Term at, and
no later than, the time announced in
the Registration Schedule. Late reg-
istrations will not be permitted by the
administrative authorities of the sev-
eral units, except in the case of vet-
erans who have not been in residence
for the Fall Term. Students must pre-
sent their identification cards at the
time of registration and must file
their registration material them-
selves, not by proxy.
The reason for this requirement is
the unprecedented demand which the
enrollment for the Spring Term will
make upon the educational resources
and the housing facilities of the Uni-
versity. Because of these conditions,
it is absolutely essential that regis-
tration and classification be com-
pleted according to schedule.
Dr. Frank E. Robbins
Assistant to the President
Mid-Year Graduation Exercises
9:30 a.m., Assembly in Hill Audi-
torium (Academic Dress)
All Graduates will be seated in Sec-
tions II and III, Main Floor. Seating
will be under the direction of Mar-
Color Guard will assemble in Lobby,
Ionor Guard will assemble in
Lobby, first floor.
Deans and Directors who take ac-
tive part in the exercises will assem-
ble in east dressing rooms, first floor.
Regents, Secretary, Minister, Speak-
er, President, .and others of Honor
Section will assemble in west dressing
rooms, first floor.
Other Faculty Members will assem-
ble in second floor dressing rooms and
proceed informally to seats on the
The seating of the public will be
under the direction of ushers.
10:00 a.m., Opening Exercises.
Glenn L. Alt, Chief Marshal
The General Library, be t ween
terms, will be closed evenings and
there will be no Sunday service.
The following schedule will be
Saturday, Feb. 23, Saturday, March
2, 8 a.m.-6 p.m.
The Divisional Libraries will be
open on short schedulesN otices will
be posted on the doors.
Faculty of College of Literature,
Science and the Arts: College of
Architecture and Design: School of
Education: School of Forestry and
Conservation: School of Music: and
School of Public Health:
Class lists for use in reporting Fall
Term grades of undergraduate stu-
dents enrolled in these units, and also
graduate students in the schools of
Forestry and Conservation, Music,
and Public Health, were mailed Tues-
day, Feb. 12. Anyone failing to re-
ceive theirs should notify the Regis-
trar's Office, Miss Cuthbert, phone
308, and duplicates will be prepared
Manuscripts for the Hopwood Con-
test for Freshmen must be left in the
Hopwood Room, 3227 Angell Hall, by
4:00, Friday, Feb. 15.
Members of the faculties and staff
are urged to return at once the War
Service Questionnaire sheets, with the
information requested, to the Univer-
sity War Historian, Michigan His-
torical Collections, 156 Rackham
Anyone who has not received a
copy of the questionnaire may have
one by calling extension 583.
Presidents of Women's Residence
All signout sheets from all houses
must be in the Judiciary Box in the
Undergraduate Office of the Michi-
gan League by Friday, Feb. 22.
Overnight Permissions during the
examination period and following the
last examination may be arranged
with the house directors. Closing
hours during the examination period
will be 11:00 p.m. on Monday, Tues-
day, Wednesday, andThursday, and
12:30 on Friday and Saturday.
Announcement of Graduate Fel-
Iowships and Management Training
Program at Radcliffe College: This is
a ten months program for young
women intending to work in person-
VOL. LVI, No. 77
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
nel departments and other branches
of administration. It includes seven
months of class instruction and three
months full time apprentice work.
Radcliffe College offers a limited
number of fellowships of $500 and
$300 each for the year 1946-47.
The training program will start
July 29. Tuition is $450.
For further information, call at
the Bureau of Appointments, 201
There will be no recreational swim-
ming for women at the Union Pool
on Saturdays, Feb. 16, Feb. 23 and
March 2. The pool will be open again
to women on Saturday morning,
Lecture Postponed-The Guthrie
McClintic lecture originally scheduled
for tomorrow night on the Oratorical
Association Lecture Course has been
postponed until Friday, March 15.
French Lecture: Professor Arthur
L. Dunham, of the Department of
History, will offer the second of the
series of French lectures sponsored
by the Cercle Francaistoday at 4:10
p.m., in Room D, Alumni Memorial
Hall. The title of his lecture is: "Les
ideets d'un philosophe Francais sur la
pedagogie aux Etats-Unis."
Food Sanitation Instruction: The
second of a series of lectures for food-
handlers will be given by Melbourne
Murphy, Health Service Sanitarian
in the Lecture Room of the University
Health Service, today, Feb. 14, from
2:00-2:30 p.m. All persons concerned
with food service to University stu-
dents are asked to attend, unless they
have attended a previous series. A
certificate will be given to those whc
satisfactorily complete this short
course of instruction. Other interest-
ed persons are cordially invited.
Lecture: symposium on control of
communicable diseases, Thursday
Feb. 14 at 8:00 p.m. in the Audito-
rium of the School o1 Public Healt
on Observatory St. with the following
speakers and topics: 1. The Problem
Dr. Thomas Francis, Jr., Professor
and Chairman, Department of Epi-
demiology. 2. Epidemiological Studies
of poliomyelitis. Dr. Gordon C. Brown
Assistant Professor of Epidemiology
3. Research in the Control of Malari
by Drugs. Dr. Richard J. Porter, As-
sistant Professor of Protozoology De-
partment of Tropical Diseases. 4. In-
vestigations in Methods for the Con-
trol of Water-Borne Diseases. Dr
Gerald M. Ridenour, Resident Le-
turer in Public Health Engineering
5. A Study of Control of Influenza by
Vaccination, Dr. Thomas Francis, Jr.
Room Assignments For ' English 1
Final Examination on Tuesday
Feb. 19, 2-4 p.m.
Avalon, G. Haven; Austin, C. Hav-
en; Bertram, 2003 AH; Bromage, C
Haven; Calver, 205 MA; Chase, 22
AH; Dice, G. Haven; Engel, 215 Ec
Fletcher, 205 MH; Fogle, 2082 NS;
Fullerton, C. Haven; Gram, 215 Ec.
Greenhut, 102 Ec.; Hawkins, 2231
AH; Hayden, 205 MH; Jenks 231 AH;
Kearney, 2082 NS; Merewether, 223
AH; Needham, 2235 AH; Norton, 231
AH; O'Neill, 215 Ec.; Ogden, 3056 NS;
Peterson, 4208 AH; Plumer 3017 AH:
Riepe, 2054 NS; Robertson, 2029 AH:
Schroder, D Haven; Schroeder, 103
AH; Stevenson, 35 AH; Stimson, 2219
AH; Weimer, G Haven; Wells, 305(
NS; Welsch, D Haven; Wolfson, 231
Abel, NS Aud.; Boys, NS Aud.; Ev-
erett, NS Aud.; Huntley, NS, Aud;
McCormick, NS, Aud.; Morris, NS
Aud.; Pearl, NS Aud.; Rayment, NS
Aud.; Sessions, E. Haven; Smith
2225 Angell Hall; Weaver, 2013 An-
Room Assignments for German:
Final Examinations on Friday, Feb-
ruary 22, 2-4 p.m.
Braun (both sections) and Eaton.
101 Ec.; Reichart and Willey, ID
Haven; Philippson (both sections)
and Boersma, 2003 A.H.; Edson (both
sections), 3017 A.H.; Pott (both sec-
tions), 2225 A.H.; Reiss, G Haven;
Gaiss (both sections),e35 A.H.
Striedieck (both sections) and
Braun, 205 Mason Hall; Willey, Van
Duren and Gaiss, 202 West Physics.
Braun and Eaton, E Haven; Phil-
ippson, Wahr and Gaiss, 1035 A.H.
Reichart, 1009 A.H.
German 56 will meet in Room 16
Angell Hall for final examination.
German 16 7 will meet in Room 306
University Hall for final examination.
German 35 (Dr. Wahr's .section)
will beet in Room 203 University Hall.
for final examination.
History II, Lecture Section 2. Final.
examination, Monday, Feb. 18, 8:00
to 10:00 a m. Discussion sections 5, 6.
7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 (with Hyma, Les-
lie, Slosson) NS Auditorium; discus-
sion sections 5a, 10ah11a, and 12a
(with Heideman, Thornbirough) in
ruary, February 16, 8-10 a.m., Natural
Political Science 51 - Saturday,
Feb. 16, 8-10
Lederle 35 A.H.
Perkins 2003 AH.
Political Science 52-Saturday, Feb.
16, 8-10, Room 2225 A.H.
Social Studies 93, Saturday, Feb.
16, 2-4 p.m., Room 25 Angell Hall.
Political Science 107, Friday, Feb-
ruary 22, 8-10, Room 1025 Angell
Freshmen Health Lectures For Men:
It is a University requirement that
all entering freshmen are required to
take, without credit, a series of lec-
tures in personal and community
health and- to pass an examination
on the content of these lectures.
Transfers students with freshman
standing are also required to take the
course unless they have had a similar
Upper classmen who were here as
freshmen and who did not fulfill the
requirements are requested to do so
These lectures are not required of
The lectures will be given in Room
25, Angell Hall at 5:00 p.m. and re-
peated at 7:30 p.m. as per the follow-
1. Monday, March 4 <
2. Tuesday, March 5
3. Wednesday, March 6
4. Thursday, March 7
5. Monday, March 11
. Tuesday, March 12
7. Wednesday, March 13
8. Thursday, March 14
Please note that attendance is re-
quired and roll will be taken.
Required Hygiene Lectures For Wom-
All first and second semester fresh-
man women are required to take the
hygiene lectures, which are to be
given the second semester. Upper
lass students who were in the Uni-
versity as freshmen and who did not
fulfill the requirements are requested
to do so this term. Enroll for these
lectures by turning in a class card at
the time of regular classification at
Satisfactory completion of the
course (or of P.H.P. 100; elective; 3
hrs. credit) is a graduation require-
i-First Lecture, Mon., March 11,
4:15-5:15, N.S. Aud.
Subsequent Lectures, Successive
Mondays, 4:15-5:15, N.S. Aud.
Examination (Final), Mon., April
22, 4:15-5:15, (To be announced).
I-First Lecture, Tuesday, March 12,
4:15-5:15, N.S. Aud.
Subsequent Lectures, Successive
Tuesdays, 4:15-5:15; N.S. Aud.
Examination (Final), Tues., April
23, 4:15-5:15, (To be announced).
English 48 (Sophomore Composi-
tion): Instructor for the spring se-
mester will be Dr. Edwin Calver, 3216
English 88--(Junior Composition)
-Professor Seager's class: Students
who wish to elect this course should
get in touch with R. W. Cowden, 3227
Angell Hall, or Dr. Morris Greenhut,
3232 Angell Hall.
English 150. Playwriting. This
course will be given in the spring term
by Dr. Wallace Bacon, at the time
and place scheduled in the announce-
Geology 11-There will be no meet-
ing of the lecture on Friday, though
recitation sections will meet as usual.
Seminar in physical chemistry will
meet on Thursday, Feb. 14, in Rom
410 Chemistry Building at 4:15 p.m.
Dr. L. G. Schulz will speak on "Dis-
fusion of Neutrons in Carbon. All in-
terested are invited.
Seniors who wish to be eligible to
contract to teach the modern foreign
languages in the registered Secondary
Schools of New York State are noti-
fied that the required examination in
French, Spanish, German and Italian
will be given on Friday, Feb. 15, at
1:15 p.m., in Room 100 Romance
Directed Teaching, Qualifying Ex-
amination: All students expecting to
do directed teaching next term are
required to pass a qualifying exami-
nation in the subject in which they
expect to teach. This examination
will be held on Saturday, Mar. 2, at
8:30 a.m., in the auditorium of the
University High School. The exami-
nation will consume about four hours'
time; promptness is therefore essen-
A Recreational Leadership Course
is being sponsored by the Department
of Physical Education for Women for
the second semester. The time of
meeting is Friday, 3:30-5:30 p.m. Up-
perclass women wishing to take this
course should obtain an application
blank in Room 15, Barbour Gymna-
sium by February 15.
Michigan Historical Collections:
"Early Ann Arbor." 160 Rackham.
Open daily 8-12, 1:30-4:30, Saturdays
UNQUESTIONABLY one of the finest pianists
of our time, Artur Schnabel upheld his repu-
tation in the Choral Union concert last night.
Despite the bad weather and approaching finals,
the audience was large and enthusiastic.
The program began with the Bach Toccata in
D major which opened brilliantly but bogged
down considerably after the first few bars. Mr.
Schnabel seemed not to produce the effortless,
precise touch needed for Bach, nor did he give
the effect of overall evenness and balance which
is one of the most impressive qualities about the
composer's work. Instead, he concentrated on
pursuing melodic lines one at a time through
the fugue, resulting in the dominance ,of one
voice over another and the partial obliteration of
the essential fugue structure..
Continuing with a somewhat Chopinesque
interpretation of the Mozart Rondo in A minor,
Mr. Schnabel displayed his matery of the
clear, liquid tone which so well conveys the
grace and delicacy of Mozart's music. At times
the notes seemed like disembodied sound ex-
isting almost apart from any agent-the me-
chanics of the piano were apparently nonex-
istent, and the sound just was, as if it had had
no beginning in the striking of a key.
With the. playing of the Sonata in E major,
Op. 109, by Beethoven, the concert took on a
brilliant tone, and from this point on it would be
difficult to conceive of any quarrel with.the per-
formance. The Mozart Sonata in C minor (K.
457) was magnificently done with great sympathy
and precision, fulfilling any expectations which
anyone could have had in regard to either ar-
tist or composer.
The evening's high point was reached in the
Sonata in D major, Op. 53, by Schubert, which
was given a performance at once stirring and
technically marvellous. One the whole Mr.
Schnabel's performance was superb. iHe played
unaffectedly, with apparent effortlessness,
great control and precision.
Well, it has not been proved yet that man
cannot achieve prosperity under a free system,
a system of laws; but that is the challenge
contained in the dubious Valentine which
Stalin has handed us during this great and
gloomy period of the comparing of systems.
It would seem that a system which can defeat
fascism ought to be able to defeat insecurity,
and the thousand terrors of life in the side
streets. But we cannot answer Stalin merely
by answering him. Not on the airwaves nor
in the prints will the reply to the glum chal-
lenge be found, but in our hearts, as the world
looks to its relatively small cluster of demo-
cracies to say whether they can equate free-
dom with economic fulfillment.
(copyright, 1946, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
It's taking him longer to type The Decline and Fall
of the Roman Empire than I had anticipated, m'boy.
c~rL._ t.i -9 t.. t I.:. . Itt ... , .! . --...., ., ....
Shall I ASK Gus, the
By Crockett Johnson
Er, questions make him exceedingly nervous. He]
might quit. And we can't let fhat happen. Not