See page 6
RAIN AND S;NOW,
VOL. LVI, No. 70 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 1946
PRICE FIVE CENTS
President Says Entire Emergency
Building Program of '' Is Endorsed
Although Gov. Kelly, in his message to the legislature Monday, recom-
mended that only $3,300,000 be appropriated for new University buildings
this year, he endorsed the University's emergency building program, Presi-
dent Alexander G. Ruthven said yesterday.
President Ruthven said the Governor recommended to the legislature
that the remainder of the University's emergency program be commended to
the 1947 legislature for completion.
Than a Million
By The Associated Press
MEXICO CITY, Feb. 5-A nation-
wide work stoppage involving 1,250,-
000 members of the Mexican Labor
paralyzed the nation's industrial
A few traffic disorders; in which
workers forced taxis to curbs and
throttled street car service, were the
only semblance of violence reported.
Observe Constitution Day
The idle period, lasting four hours
in states and one hour in Mexico City,
was featured by mass demonstrations
which flaunted "anti-fascist" ban-
ners and shouted support for the na-
tion's constitution, adopted 29 years
Today was officially observed as
Constitution Day, and the sitdown
was planned as an adjunct of the
program, which included placing a
floral offering on the grave of Gen.
Venustiano Carranza, promulgator of
The union workers also paraded
1. Respect for the constitution.
2. Dissolution of the National Si-
narquista Union, a "rightist" organi-
3. Steps against "subversive acts of
Nash TO Speak
556 Seniors Planned
Dr. Philip C. Nash, president of
the University of the City of Toledo,
will present the commencement ad-
dress when an estimated 556 stu-
dents are graduated at 10 a.m., Sat-
urday, Feb. 23, in Hill Auditorium.
Executive director of the League
of Nations Association from 1929
until 1933, Dr. Nash will speak on
Today is the last day on which
February women graduates may or-
der their caps and gowns at Moe's
Men who will be graduating in
February will continue to be
measured and fitted through Feb. 9.
"The Way Forward in International
Relations." He also served on the
American Commission in Geneva.
Father Frank J. McPhilips, di-
rector of St. Mary's student chapel,
will deliver the invocation and bene-
diction for the services.
No special tickets will be issued
for the exercises, because Hill Audir
torium is large enough to accommo-
date all guests desired, Dr. Frank K.
Robbins, assistant to President A.
G. Ruthven, pointed out in announc-
ing the program yesterday.
Diplomas will not be handed to
the students at the time of gradu7
ation. A total of 115 graduates of
naval courses will be commissioned
as ensigns at the graduation cere-
Atten tion Seniors!
February graduates who ordered
announcements may obtain them
from 10 to 12 a.m. and from 1 to 3
p.m. tomorrow outside Rm. 2, Uni-
SR A To Present
The music of France will highlight
a program sponsored by the music
In his message, Gov. Kelly mader
these recommendations for the Uni-
1. That the legislatiure approve ai
building program of $8,000,000 for
the University to provide a Gen-Y
eral Service Building, a School of
Business Administration building,r
an engineering building addition, aI
chemistry building addition, a ma-
ternity hospital and necessary serv-
ice connections to these buildings.,
2. That to carry this endorsed pro-r
gram forward, the legislature appro-1
priate to the Board of Regents thet
sum of $3,300,000.
3. That the $1,500,000 appropria-t
tion provided by the 1945 legislaturet
for the General Service Building be1
added to the $3,300,000 appropriation
at this session of the legislaturet
thereby creating a total sum of $4,-
800,000 with which to initiate the $8,-
4. That this legislature commendt
to the favorable consideration oft
the 1947 legislature such furthert
appropriation as may be necessaryt
to complete this eight million dol-
lar building program at the earliest
possible moment. te
The Governor omitted any refer-
ence to the balance of the $15,300,000
buildingprogram requested by the1
University. The University ear-
marked $6,500,000 for "emergency"
building and the rest for "urgently
University Vice-president Mar-,
vin L.,Niehuss said that the "ur-
gently needed" building program
was not necessarily imperiled by not
being referred to the present legis-
lative session. In its request to the
Governor, the University pointed
out that this part of the building
progra ncould beprovided for2by
annual appropriations of $2,200,-
000 each from 1947 to 1951, Niehuss
President Ruthven said he did not
know what buildings the University
would construct first if the legislature1
follows the Governor's recommenda-
tion that it appropriate only $3,300,-
000 this year.
Educational benefits for veterans
under the revised G. I. Bill will be
explained by Henry H. Fisher, of-
ficial representative of the Veter-
ans Administration, in a meeting of
the Veterans Organization at 7:30
p.m. today in Rm. 316 of the Union.
Mr. Fisher will attempt to clarify
the confusing technical language of
the bill as well as answering all ques-
tions concerning the extent and type
of educational benefits to which vet-
erans are entitled. Many students,
uncertain about the terms and pro-
visions of the bill, have requested
Revision of the VO constitution,
deemed inadequate for the large
number of veterans expected to en-
roll next semester, will also be dis-
Plans for a smoker, to be held
Friday, will be completed and com-
mittees will be selected to handle
publicity, programs, patrons, deco-
rations, tickets and favors for the all
campus dance to be given next
'M' Humor Magazine
Goes on Sale Today
Shouting "It'sahere, it's here!",
three professors and an unidentified
custodian were late for work this
morning, pausing in their mad dash
to Angell Hall to get their copies of
the second issue of . the Gargoyle,
which appeared on campus today.
No Connection O'Rourke
Two of the professors were re-
vealed as members of the Engineer-
ing English department. The third,
affectionately called "Professor" by
his admiring asociates, was Fingers
O'Rourke, known for his nimble
manipulation of the daily numbers.
He has no legal connection with the
Predicting an early-morning sell-
out, Bill Goldstein, genial general
manager of the Club Gargoyle (no
loitering on Saturday nights), yes-
terday laid away the first 200 copies
of the Garg for his personal scrap-
book. "There's no accounting for
tastes, you know," he pointed out.
A report from the senior staff of
the Daily indicates that the Gar-
goyle will hereafter replace the Sears,
Roebuck literature in the Publica-
tions Building men's lounge. "Gotta
be nice to our paying customers,"
they declared. "A nickel here, a nickel
there-it gives us a nice surplus at
the end of the year."
Billed as the "Garg Tries Again"
issue, the humor magazine has culled
the cream of campus wit, such as it
is, for its second appearance. Dis-
played prominently on page 6 is
Garg's new coat-of-arms, featuring
Garg himself, his top hat, and the
nailed fist, symbol of conquest.
Are Shouted Down
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Feb. 5- Suppor-
ters of a broad new strike control
bill won a series of test votes today in
They shouted down by overwhel-
ming majorities assorted attempts to
modify the measure oflered by Rep.
One vote was on an amendment by
Rep. Patterson (D-Calif) to strike
from the Case bill all except a declar-
ation of policy.
Another was on a proposal by
Rep. Bell (D-Mo) to substitute
temporary fact-finding boards for
the permanent federal mediation
agency sought by Case.
Still another vote was on a move
by Rep. Landis (R-Ind) to elimi-
nate a proposed ban on boycotts.
All these proposals failed, along
with one by Rep. Hoffman (R-Mich),
to strike from the Case bill a section
giving courts the power of injunc-
tion to prevent violence on picketing
The Landis amendment would have
deleted a section making illegal any
concerted refusal to handle goods in
order to make an employer come to
But the Case bill proponents said
the boycott prohibition is needed to
halt jurisdictional disputes. They
said many unions use the boycott to
force management to deal with them,
instead of some other union.
The Case backers accepted an
amendment by Rep. Hoffman
(R-Mich), however, which reduced
the penalty for violation of the
boycott ban. The amendment pro-
vides only that violators lose their
bargaining rights. Originally, the
Case measure specified also that
courts could enjoin violators, thus
laying them open to fines or jail
terms if they ignored injunctions.
Case's bill would set up a national
mediation board with power to step
into labor disputes involving either
labor or management; outlaw vio-
lence in picketing and step into ma-
jor 'labor disputes and forbid strikes
or lockouts for 30 days. It also would
permit wider use of court injuctions
against either labor or management.
"Beggar on Horseback," the Kauf-
man-Conally comic dream fantasy,
will be presented at 8:30 p.m. tomor-
row, Friday and Saturday in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre by Play
Production of the Department of
With a cast and production staff of
approximately 70 students, the play
is under the direction of Prof. Valen-
tine Windt of the Department of
Speech. Students in play production
have complete charge of scenery and
There will be a matinee perform-
ance at 2:30 p.m. Saturday. Tickets
may be purchased at the theatre box
Jim Bob Stephenson will take the
part of Neil McRae, a young musician,
and Mary Firestone, Cynthia Mason,
his girl. Other members of the cast
include George Hale, Janine Robin-
son, Shirley Armstrong, Harp Mc-
Guire and James Land.
The illusions of Neil McRae come
to life in 15 dream sequences of danc-
ing, music and pantomime. Neil's im-
aginary marriage to Gladys Cady,
the girl who can help him out with
his musical career, is ridiculed in
the dreams. But Neil wakes up to find
that Cynthia will marry him after
UNO Interim Committee
Approves Stamford Site
For World Peace Agency
CONFER ON POSSIBLE LOSS OF ESTATES.. Manfred Ehrich (left)
talks with Gene Tunney, former heavyweight ,boxing champion, at
Ehrich's home, Stamford, Conn., during a gathering of Stamford area
residents "to protest appropriation of their homes" for permanent site
for UNO headquarters. Tunney said he thought selection of the Con-
necticut-New York border area "is a great mistake."
Ex-Army Nurses Relate
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Feb. 5 - The Stam-
ford-Greenwich-Westchester area of
Connecticut and New York was ap-
proved today by the 13-member in-
terim committee of the United Na-
tions for the permanent home of
the world peace agency despite the
protests of Australia and some local
The full general assembly is the
final authority on choosing the site.
The recommendation will be con-
sidered tomorrow by the 51-member
committee on headquarters.
Immediately after the closed
session of the interim committee,
which acted on the report of a
site inspection committee, Col. W.
R. Hodgson, delegate from Aus-
tralia, said he would fight for San
Francisco and would attempt to
have the recommendation reject-
ed by the larger committee.
Dr. Stoyan Gavrilovic of Yugosla-
via, head of the site inspection com-
mittee, said at a news conference
in which he announced the interim
committee's action that committee
members felt concern over the pro-
tests of residents in the New York-
Connecticut border area and added.
"This was to be expected. It
would'have happened anywhere.
There is no area which we visited
from which I did not get similar
letters of protest. But on Stam-
ford I got many assurances that
the United Nations would be wel-
Gavrilovic said the committee rec-
ommended that as many as pos-
sible of the residents in the zone
affected by the peace agency be al-
lowed to remain in their homes With
long leases from the United Nations.
He explained that there would
be a central zone within the inter-
national area where the assembly,
secretariat and other United Na-
tionsuagencies would be housed.
Around that area, he continued,
there will be a "buffer zone" under
the United Nations to prevent en-
croachment by the growth of neigh-
boring cities. The committeerec-
ommended that the residents of the
"buffer zone" be allowed to remain
The proposed site of the zone is
40 to 50 square miles.
Min ors Subject
To Fines, Prison
Violations of the new city ordin-
ance making it a misdemeanor for
minors to purchase or attempt to
purchase intoxicating liquors in lo-
cal taverns will be punishable by a
$100 fine and up to 90 days in prison,
acording to City Attorney William
Police Chief Sherman Mortenson
said yesterday that he has not yet
studied the new law and therefore
has not been able to plan any pro-
gram of enforcement. When asked
if plainclothesmen will be sent into
taverns to seek violators he said:
"We'll have to think it over."
Under state law, sellers of liquors
to minors are held completely re-
sponsible for the purchases. County
The new liquor restriction in
Ann Arbor "amounts to a repeal of
the law against selling liquor to
minors," according to Prof. John B.
Waite of the Lew School.
"It will make the law virtually
unenforceable," he commented.
"Since no man can be compelled
to incriminate himself, authdri-
ties will be unable to get testimony
from either the seller or the pur-
chaser," he pointed out.
Prosecuting Attorney John Rae said
that local investigations of such sales
will also aid state law enforcement.
Local police will be able to file
complaints against the sellers as well
as against the minors involved in il-
legal liquor sales. Sellers are also
punishable by a $100 fine or up to
90 days in prison, or possibly by
liquor license suspension.
By PATRICIA CAMERON 1
"The Italians accepted us Army1
nurses as necessary evils," two wo-
men veterans, now students here,;
agreed in interviews yesterday.
"They weren't any too nappy about
the setup though," Virginia N. Bug-
bee added. Miss Bugbee, a student in
the School of Public Health, served
overseas as a first lieutenant with
the Twelfth General Hospital for 27
months -a record overseas stay
among the seven women veterans
who served across the oceans and
are now enrolled here.
Fascism Dominant In North
"We found that the farther South
we went the dirtier the towns were
and the more unfriendly the people
became," Miss Bugbee said.
"The higher class of people live in
Lecturer Says U.S.
Drawing ananalogy between the
revolutionary histories of China and
the United States, Owen Lattimore
said in a lecture yesterday that com-
promises of the type used in drafting
the American constitution are needed
in China today.
We should substitute "agreement"
for the "newspaper word unity," he
said. In that way only can China
eventually achieve unity.
Declaring that China is the main
problem of the world, Lattimore
pointed out that Americans and
armed Japanese are working in the
same areas to hold open communica-
tions. "We should give notice that
we will start withdrawing our troops
at a definite date," he added.
the North and there the towns are
better kept, of course. But that is
where Fascism was more prevalent
and we really had to be careful whenr
we went out. We always half expected
a knife in our back.
"We were especially careful there
to wear full uniform. It was much
easier to convince the people that
we were American citizens when we
had our uniforms on than when we
didn't and had to drag out our set
of credentials," she added.,
Mary L. Bedell, who was overseas'
25 and a half months as a first lieu-
tenant, was impressed by the talk-
ativeness of the Italians she met.
"Several of them waited table for
us and they chattered all the time.
Some Germans whom we had taken
were much more quiet and clean.
They were quicker and willing to
wait on tables too," Miss Bedell com-
"We acquired the Germans when
[we took over a Nazi mobile hospital
unit complete with doctors, nurses
ind equipment," Miss Bedell ex-
Miss Bugbee encountered Germans
when her hospital unit, the first to
enter Rome after its fall, took over
350 enemy soldiers as patients.
"American artillery must be pretty
good judging from the condition of
See WOMEN VETS, Page 6
LIBERALS VS. CONSERVATIVES
Kalleubach Discusses Republican Party
]] -g ] n e <) - e
Of The Nationa
WASHINGTON, Feb. 5- (P) - A'
proposed new wage-price policy, lift-
ing the price line slightly to pay forj
reconversion wage increases, report-,
edly reached the White House today.
The next move, as one high offi-
cial put it, is "up to President Tru-
man." Others predicted that a gen-
eral policy statement, without final
details, may be issued tomorrow.
DETtIT-®(/.A'-The Right Rev.
Msgr. Edward J. Hlickey, chancel-
lor of the Catholic Archiocese of
Detroit, has joined the Michigan-
Citizens Committee to aid families
of General Motors Corporation
strikers, according to an announce-
ment by Ralph McPhee, state
"It is a simple matter of Chris-
tian charity to do whatever we can
to assist the families of those who
are bearing the brunt of this eco-
nomic struggle," Msgr. Hickey said.
Over Greece Unsettled
LONDON, Feb. 5-P)-The United
Nations Security Council adjourned
suddenly tonight after failing to set-
tle the dispute between Russia and
Britain over Greece, but French For-
eign Minister Georges Bidault said
later "We are very close" to a solu-
The 11-member council adjourned
until 9 p.m. (4 p.m. EST) tomorrow
after representatives of the United
States, France, Nussia, Britain and
China, in a two-hour secret session,
were unable to resolve in a manner
agreeable to both Britain and Rus-
sia a Soviet charge that British
troops in Greece were menacing
N. J. O. Makin of Australia, Coun-
cil President, who sat in on the Big
Five conference, proposed the ad-
journment. He gave no explanation
for the move which was approved
Zygmunt Modezelewski, Polish
See UNO, Page 2
IRA Will Meet Today
To Plan for Next Term
The final meeting of the Inter-Ra-
cial Association for this semester will
be held at 7:30 p.m. today in the
This meeting concludes the group's
activities for the term. The agenda
will include formation of plans for
next semester's work, Terrell Whitsitt,
By PHYLLIS KAYE
"If the Republican party can free itself from the taint of old guardism
and isolationism, they have a good chance to get back in control of the
House of Representatives in 1946 and of the presidency and Congress in
1948," Prof. Joseph E. Kallenbach of the political science department stated
As the situation now stands, he said, the Republican party is composed
of two divergent elements, which may;
be styled the liberals and the con- Earl Warren of California and Gov.
servatives. Leaders of both factions Thomas E. Dewey of New York.
are aware of the tug-of-war that "However," he continued "in Gov.
possibilities for the nomination are
John Bricker, Sen. Robert Taft
and Gov. Dwight Green of Illinois.
The conflict between these two ele-
ments may throw the candidacy
to a middle-of-the-roader such as
Sen. Arthur Vandenberg, whose
recent contributions in leading the
party toward a new view of the
place of the United States in world
affairs have been noteworthy, he
with certain modifications," Prof.
Kallenbach explained, "but the con-
servatives have been more likely to
make a frontal attack upon it."
If the party nominates a liberal
or middle-of-the-road candidate,
he reiterated, they have a good
chance of winning the presidential
election; but if a conservative re-
ceives the nomination, defeat is a
more likely outcome.
"In addition to nominating a lib-