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January 24, 1946 - Image 2

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PAGE TWO

THE MIIGAN DAILY

THURSDAY, JANUARY 24, 194G

- ------ - -------------------

Fifty-Sixth Year

eCettePJ Gt (l , ieGO

WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
Ham Fish Invited to'White House Tea

-=-c

I i

-1
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of Student Publications-
Editorial Staff
Ray Dbion . . . . . . . . . . Managing Editor
Betty R~oth .. .. .. . .. . Editorial Director
Robert Goldman . . . . . . . . . . CityEditor
Margaret Farmer . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Arthur J. Kraft . . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Bill Mullendore ..... . . . . Sports Editor
Mary Lu Heath . .Associate Sports Editor
Ann Schutz . . . . .......Women's Editor
Dona Guimaraes . . . . Associate Women's Editor
Business Stafff
Dorothylint . . . . . . . . . Business Manager
Joy Altman . . . . . . 5. Associate Business Mgr.
Telephone 23-4-1
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NIGHT EDITORS: KNAPP, KUTZ
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

Red Menace?

THE OBSERVATION of Mr. William Henry
Chamberlin in a recent interview with a Daily
reporter that communist parties throughout the
world "keep time by the Kremlin clock" can
scarcely be denied by even the most obtuse polit-
ieal observer. American communists of our
acquaintance, however, vigorously deny that they
follow a line dictated by Moscow.
Communists in this country were among our,
staunchest non - interventionists during the
course of the Russo-German peace pact of the
early years of the war. Then, they urged Amer-
ica to stay out of this "imperialistic war." When
Germany and Rumania attacked Russia on June
22, 1941, American communists sounded a new
alarm and promptly harangued for our immedi-
ate entrance into a war to save democracy.
American communists, willing to admit that
their attitude toward war in Europe took an
abrupt change with the German invasion of
Russia, refuse to admit that this change came
as a result of a directive from Moscow. We would
not be so naive as to agree, but after all, is it of
world-shaking importance that some Americans
hold the same views on international issues as
does the Soviet Government?
Mr. Chamberlin evidently feels that a mutual
feeling on international issues between some
Americans and the Soviet Government - even
granting that they are dictated by the latter-
bodes ill for this nation. His spirit is not aroused
by the fact that many Americans hold the same
views regarding imperialism that motivate the
Governments of Great Britain, France, Belgium,
the Netherlands, Spain and Portugal. In Amer-
ica, there are Russophiles, Anglophiles, Franco-
philes and kindreds spirits to the aspirations of
almost every nation on earth. Lumping them
together you get internationalism, a concept
which should not disquiet such a sincere advo-
cate of friendship among nations as Mr. Cham-
berlin.
And yet another point: from what we now
observe in the Far East and in the Near East,
would it be unfair to maintain that perhaps,
both of the American communist "lines" have
some measure of truth. In a larger sense, we
fought a war to preserve democracy and free-
dom. We have also fought a war, whose effect
has been to preserve the status quo in nations
who before the war were controlled by imperi-
alistic powers.
What is disquieting today is a report - as yet
unconfirmed by other correspondents - printed
by the usually reliable Christian Science Moni-
tor a few months ago. (Chamberlin for many
years was associated with this paper). According
to a Monitor correspondent, left-wing newspapers
throughout the Balkans and northern Italy were
carrying strangely uniform and biased reports of
activities in Washington. One such story, ac-
cording to the Monitor correspondent, had
it that American advocates of compul-
sory peacetime conscription have imperialistic
designs against the Soviet Union. If for no other
reason than to clear up an alleged misunder-
standing that impedes frank and friendly rela-
tions between this nation and the source of the
opinionated articles on activities in this nation,
ours Government ought to take strong steps at
securing freedom in gathering and disseminating
news throughout the world. We must be quite
a ..~n,.;-1, -1 ' ~i+ ┬░Snorm~n. n nc.inf

Dying Imperialism
To the Editor:
MR. SENSTIUS states (Jan. 17, M. D.) that the
Oriental civilizations were a few men's af-
fairs by taking illustrations of Taj Mahal etc.,
but can you judge American progress from Boul-
der Dam or Lincoln Memorial? He would not
have given such a mistaken opinion if he had
read about the life and the literature of these
civilizations.
The recent excavations in India of he Mohin-
je-Daro civilization of about 3000 B.C. have
shown the existence of beautiful cities with wide
and well built roads, excellent sewage system,
and houses of bricks and concrete-like materials.
I believe that in such a civilization the common
man must have participated as much as he does
today. Even if we accept Mr. S's estimates of
one-tenth of one per cent as active participants,
I am sure the proportion of Newtons, Watts, Ein-
steins, Luthers, etc., will not be greated than that
compared to the present population of 2 billion
people.
Mr. S. seems to hint at the inferiority of the
Asiatic people by his remarks of their failure to
preserve their civilization and its monuments.
But what happened to the Greek and Roman
civilizations? Even the eclipse of the present
civilization can be predicted as not far off
if (October) "London Conferences are repeated
in spite of the atom bomb."
Mr.. S. reminds of the recent white man's sac-
rifices in the Orient. But were they not for pro-
tecting "the privileges" about which he wrote
in his first letter? Was the last war not a re-
placement cost on the Dutch and British invest-
ments for profits?
It is indeed sad that to notice that in spite of
warnings by men like Willkie, Pearl Buck, Louis
Fischer and many other writers, tremendous
slaughtering of the two wars and the atomic
threat -to the very existence of our civilization,
people like Mr. S. can still believe in racial su-
periority like the Nazis.
Mr. S. has failed to understand that the peo-
pIe of Asia today are not the same as of 2
years ago. The white man's superiority has
sunk with "Prince of Wales" and "Repulse" at
Singapore, and his prestige has melted away in
the heat of their retreat from Hongkong to
Burma.
The people of Asia had great hopes in the At-
lantic Charter. But the continued firings in
Indo-China and Indonesia have shattered all
their hopes. Today the awakened millions are in
no mood to tolerate breech of promises any more.
They are pn the march, the march of freedom
and democracy. Recently Nehru has given the
same warning.
"It is certain as anything can be certain in
this uncertain world that the countries of Asia
will not submit willingly to any Empire or
domination and will revolt against it. It will
be a continuing revolt of the millions with a
passion behind it, which even the atom bomb
will not surpress. And from that revolt will
develop that terrible thing, the Third World
War."
-Arun Chhatrapati
Bonus Bogus
JT"IS Election Day in January. All we need do
do is listen in on the chaff being whirled about
in the various State legislative halls and in the
Capitol itself and this fact is corroborrated. The
campaign waxes hot and furious. The big issue
-a bonus for veterans. The fall guy-the vet-
eran.
Every legislator seems to fall all over himself
and his colleagues trying to get a plug in for a
bonus bill before the next one. The performance
is continuous, but not very original.
The salient feature of this unprincipled legisla-
tive racket is the fact that the truly vital, sub-
stantive piece of legislation, namely full employ-
ment, has been kicked downstairs. Politicians
seem to go hog-wild at the mere ghost of a sug-
gestion of votes. Full employment considerations
are not too appealing to the average voter. They
are too wrapped up in economic theory which be-
ing academic, are totally lacking in glamor. But
the bonus is something else again.

The plain fact is that the vet is getting the
old run-around. The bonus is an ersatz full
employment measure. It places coins that
jingle-jangle in his pocket, and their sound is
as alluring as the song of the sirens. But they
are not the stuff which gives security and dig-
nity to men in search of the necessities of life
for themselves and their families. Their dis-
sipation, and it will be fast in view of the high
cost of living, will find them in exactly the
same position that they find themselves now
-in search of employment at a decent wage.
Let no one delude himself into thinking that
a bonus bill will be born out of sheer altruism.
It is the most fraudulent bid for votes that has
confronted us in a long while. It is not a solution
for diminished purchasing power. If anything at
all, it is an escape from that solution.
It is not a true sign of gratitude to the veter-
an. It is a true sign of refusal or inability to
grant him the only sensible bonus that this
writer can see-opporunity for a permanent job
at an increased minimum wage.

Increased purchasing power may lead us
back to prosperity, but it must be a continuous
flow of increased, purchasing power, a flow
that can only come from extended job oppor-
tunities at increased wages. Investment capi-
tal must be encouraged to funnel into industry
to increase production and cut down unit
costs. And wherever private enterprise fails or
is incapable of providing jobs for those in
search of employment, the government must
be permitted to step in and create the needed
employment.
This to my mind is the essence of full employ-
ment proposals. They are the real bonus bills of
today, the real evidences of gratitude to the re-
turned soldier.
-Jack Weiss
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
Showdown Spree
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
THE spirit of compromise is gone from among
us; and we are on a showdown spree, of which
the strike wave is only one of the signs. The
President pleads for order, but he sounds plain-
tively like a flower girl in one of those old vaude-
ville routines, trying to peddle bedraggled posies
to passersby who are in too much of a hurry to
stop. Nobody will buy his flowers, and he
speaks his 30,000 reasonable words to a Congress,
one house of which is bogged down in an ab-
surd filibuster against a fair employment prac-
tices commission; a filibuster by means of which
a number of Senators have shown that they,
too, have given up the life of reason and ma-
jority rule, and have taken to the barricades.
The old bedsprings and the sandbags are
going up everywhere, in street and in Congress
and in executive offices. What we are passing
through is much more than a strike wave, or a
production deadlock, or a legislative tangle;
we are passing through a crisis of confidence in
democratic process, as men of all conditions
turn to older and more direct methods for get-
ting what they believe they must have.
The showdown which Mr. Roosevelt postponed
for twelve years, with superb skill, is upon us;
and it is a self-powering movement, for when
once the showdown spirit goes far enough, there
is no recourse left but to fight, and that is our
mood of the moment. To have it out, once and
for all, is the great national theme of 1946; and
in this atmosphere, high, hasty and impetuous,
Mr. Truman's effort to see both sides of out-
standing questions comes to sound like the drip-
ping of water into a pan.
No one listens to him, really; no one wants
to make the first break and plead for a spirit
of accommodation. It is proclaimed wheezily
on every side, instead, that important ulti-
mates are at stake, and the country breaks into
groups, each prepared to wait it out until hell
freezes over; you cannot make a quick turn in
the Capitol these days without knocking over
somebody who has taken a fixed position in
one spot, to do or die.
T IS a dark story, of many chapters. One large
group in Congress fights sullenly for inflation;
it has somehow got it into its head that the right
to high prices is sacred and goes back to Magna
Charta. All the hatred of government which has
accumulated among conservatives during the last
thirteen years has come to the fore in this fight;
'this group is beyond arguing rights and wrongs;
it has adopted the simple, sit-down expedient of
refusing to take up measures which might curb
inflation. It holds its place stubbornly, arms
folded, and seems willing to wait until govern-
ment itself cracks, if necessary, to reach its goal
of higher prices. It speaks of human liberty, but
carries a banner with a strange device, dollar
eggs.
But almost every group which has gone into
the business of waiting until hell freezes over
speaks of human liberty. One section of the
motors industry protests that it is a socialist
violation of liberty for the union to want to
look at its books, to see what wages it can pay.
At the moment, steel protests, with equal
bitterness, that it is a violation of liberty for
the union to refuse to look at its books to see
what wages it can afford.

The high voices rise, though sometimes there
is a lull, when many of the disputants, including
the inflationists, join in a united call to labor to
be reasonable; though to ask that one party to
a dispute take the path of reason, all by itself,
is in itself unreasonable, and helps to inflame
that fringe of labor which is also willing to wait
for hell to congeal.
It is showdown time; we are dropping those
conventions by which we have agreed up to
now to do business by matching notes and com-
paring arguments with each other; some-
thing raw and naked and bloody is taking over.
That is what Mr. Truman tried to say in his
Message; he tried to say he was for both sides,
but it is a measure of the urgency of the mo-
ment that neither side wants him on those
terms, and each consigns him to the other.
The country is splitting, and a little desperate
man tries to hold it together; and those who-
value America will help him now, or be sorry
later.
(Copyright, 1946, N.Y. Post Syndicate)

By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON.-It was just a lit-
tle over a year ago that the late
Franklin Roosevelt waged a cam-
paign to defeat Representative Ham
Fish, rip-snorting isolationist con-
gressman from FDR's district along
the Hudson.
Roosevelt had tried to 'defeat
Fish time after time. So had Gov-
ernor Tom Dewey, plus various
other important figures in New
York State, both Republicans and
Democrats. They felt that Fish's
tie-ups, with certain German-
Americans, and the renting of his
home in New York to the Nazi con-
sulate, was too much. So responsi-
ble leaders of both parties went
after him.
Finally, in the November 1944 elec-
tions, FDR's long campaign achieved
its goal. Ham Fish was defeated for
re-election.
But, believe it or not, the other day,
Mrs. Truman, whose husband ran on
the same ticket with FDR, invited
ex-Congressman Ham Fish to the
White House for tea.
Nobody knows why she did this,
and the White House won't explain.
Mrs. Helm, social secretary to Mrs.
Truman, admits that Fish was pres-
ent, but flatly refuses to give the rea-
son why.
However, Ham Fish's friends in
New York state are rubbing their
hands in glee. They figure that this
is the first step in staging Fish's

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell hal, by 3:30 p. m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat-
urdays). *3
THURSDAY, JANUARY 24, 1946
VOL. LVI 59
Notices
Orientation Period: The dates for
the Orientation Period in February
have been changed as follows:
Transfer men will report at 81
o'clock Monday morning, Feb. 25.
Transfer women will report at 1
o'clock Monday afternoon. Feb. 25.
Freshman men and women will re-
port at 8:00 a.m., Tuesday, Feb. 26.
The places -of meeting will be an-
nounced later.
Women Students: Beginning Jan.
23, women students taking athletic
equipment from the Women's Ath-
letic Building must show Student
Identification Cards. This equipment
must be used by the student checking
it out.
Graduate Students expecting mas-
ter's degree at the end of the Fall
Term must have diploma applications
turned in to the Graduate School of-
fice by Monday, Jan. 28. Applications
received after that date cannot be
considered.
Students expecting to do directed
teaching for the secondary-school
certificate in the spring term, are re-
quested to secure assignments in
Room 2442, University Elementary.
School on Friday, Feb. 1, according
to the following schedule:
English, 8:00-9:00
Social Studies, 9:00-10:00
Science and Mathematics, 10:00-
11:00
All foreign languages, 11:00-12:00
All others, and any having conflicts,
at scheduled hour, 2:00-3:00, or
by appointment.

next summer are urged to attend the
registration meeting on Monday, Jan.
28, in Room 305, Mason Hall.
Detroit Civil Service Announce-
ments for the following have been re-
ceived in our office. Junior Typist,
$1752-$1980, Intermediate Typist,
$2169-$2321, Junior Stenographer,
$2245-$2397, Junior Clerk (Male),
$1752-$1980, Junior Accountant,
$2625-$3095, Semi-Senior Accountant,
$3413 to $4127, and Senior Account-
ant, $4365 to $5079. For further in-
formation, call at the Bureau of Ap-
pointments, 201 Mason Hall.
the Merrill Palmer School an-
nounces two graduate student assis-
tantships for 1946-47. One is for a
man and one for a woman in the De-
partment of Older Children. They
will pay $345 and tuition for the
academic year. In return the student
assistant does twelve hours of work a
week in the department and is per-
mitted to carry eleven academic cred-
its of work during each of the three
ttrms. Applications should be com-
pleted before March 15. Further de-
tails available at the Bureau of Ap-
pointments and Occupational Infor-
mation.
The Panama Canal Zone schools
have positions open for teachers from
the kindergarten to the sixth grade in
the elementary schools, and in prac-
tically every field of instruction in
the junior and senior high schools,
including science, mathematics, so-
cial studies, English, household arts,
physical education, music, and wood
and metal shop work. They are par-
ticularly interested in receiving appli-
cations from well trained, experi-
enced teachers between twenty-four
and thirty years of age. However, ap-
plications from teachers between
thirty and forty years of age will be
given careful consideration. Men,
and veterans especially, will be given
preference for junior and senior
high school positions. Salary sched-
ules are extremely attractive. Full in-
formation concerning qualifications
and salary schedules available at the
Bureau of Appointments and Occu-

uled for that date will be given on
Thursday, Feb. 14.
Tickets for the series of lectures
may be procured from the Secretary
of the Department of Romance Lan-
guages (Room 112, R. L. Bldg.) or at
the door at the time of the lecture for
a small sum. These lectures are open
to the general public.
Academic Notices
Mathematics Orientation Seminar
today at 3 p.m., 3201 Angell Hall.
Mr. Rabson will speak on the ques-
tion: Is every integer the sum of four
squares?
Tea at 4:00.
Seminar in physical chesmistry will
meet today in Room 410 Chemistry
Building at 4:15 p.m. Mr. Norman
Deno will speak on "X-ray diffraction
and electron density distribution in
organic molecules." All interested are
invited.
Forestry Seminar-Professor Chase
will make a survey of the employment
situation in the Fish and Wildlife
Service and Professor Graham will
discuss the field of Entomology from
the same point of view this afternoon.
The meeting will be held in Room
2039 Natural Science Building at 4:30.
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet on Friday, Jan. 25, at 4 p.m. in
319 West Medical Building. "Phos-.
phorylation and Polysaccharides-
Phosphorylase." All interested are in-
vited.
Con certs
Chamber Musical Festival. The
Sixth Annual Chamber Music Festival
will take place Friday at 8:30 and
Saturday at 2:30 and 8:30, in the Lec-
ture Hall of the Rackham Building.
All the programs will be given by the
Budapest Quartet: Josef Roismann
and Edgar Ortenberg, violinists; Boris
Kroyt, viola; and Mischa Schneider,
violoncello.. Compositions of Haydn,
Hindemith, Beethoven, Mozart, Mil-
haud, Piston and Dvorak, will be
played.
Tickets for the series or for indi-
vidual concerts are on sale at the of-
fice of the University Musical So-
ciety in Burton Memorial Tower, and
will also be on sale in the lobby of
the Rackham Building one hour be-
fore the beginning of each concert.
Student Recital: Roberta Chatkin
Dresden, pianist, will be heard in a
recital at 8:30 tonight in Lydia Men-
delssohn Theater. Given in partial
fulfillment of the requirements for
the degree of Bachelor of Music, the
program will include compositions
by Bach, Mozart, Beethoven, Hunter
Johnson, Serge Prokofieff, and Intro-
duction, Fugue and Variations by
Mrs. Dresden.
The public is cordially invited.
Exhibitions

carefully planned comeback to
Congress. They are planning to
play up the White House tea for all
it's worth.
British Buffer State
T ISN'T being advertised, but Mar-
shall Khukov, Soviet commander
in Germany, has sent a blistering let-
ter to Field Marshal Montgomery,
commander of the British zone in
Germany. He charges that several
hundred thousand German soldiers
are being kept in the British zone, or-
ganized in companies and regiments,
all ready to fight a war all over again.
Khukov informed Field Marshal
Montgomery that, according to his
information, part of these Nazi
troops were being drilled regularly
by their own officers. He also
claimed about 100,000 Germans
had been allowed to retain their
small arms, that heavy ordnance,
including tanks and artillery, was.
being kept close at hand, available
for use.
Zhukov notified Field Marshal
Montgomery that he considered this
hostile to Russia and in violation of
the Potsdam agreement.
Marshal Montgomery's reply to
Zhukov was equally blistering. He
admitted thousands of Germans
were stild armed, but claimed the
number was less than Zhukov al-
leged. In general, however, the
tone of Montgomery's letter was
"so what?"

Behind this exchange of letters is a
dangerous situation which began
with the armistice and has been get-
ting worse ever since. It is the British
balance-of-power policy of playing
off Germany against Russia. The
same thing happened after the last
war, when the British played off Ger-
many against France. British money
poured into German industry, Ger-
man banks and even German muni-
tions plants. When the French pro-
posed stopping Hitler's invasion of
the Rhineland on March 7, 1936, it
was the British who discouraged the
French.
Today Britain is still following the
balance-of-power policy-with a dif-
ferent twist. Instead of playing
France off against Germany, she is
trying to patch up relations between
these two, and play both off against
Russia.
Today Britain is trying to con-
solidate a strong western bloc-
-Belgium, France, Holland and Ger-
many. That is the real factor be-
hind the policy of saving certain
German factories; also behind the
keeping of German troops in their
original regimental formations.
Aside from colonial troops, Brit-
ain has kept one of the smallest
armies in the world. So German
troops are now serving as a virtual
backstop in the balance-of-power
game against Russia.
(Copyright, 1946, Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

Directed Teaching, Qualifying Ex.. pational Information.
amination: All students expecting to
do directed teaching next term are re- Lectur
quired to pass a qualifying examina-
tion in the subject in which they ex- University Lecture. 1
pect to teach. This examination will Royce, Mining Geologis
be held on Saturday, March 2, at 8:30 ands-Mather Company
a.m. Students will meet in the audi- the subject, "The Amer
torium of the University High School. dustry at a Crossroads,
The examination will consume about Monday, Jan. 28, in
four hours' time; promptness is Ampthitheater; auspic
therefore essential. partment of Geology.
cordially invited.
Candidates for the Teacher's Cer- ----
tificate in June and August: A list of Departmental Lectur
candidates has been posted in the of- en A. Royce, Mining G
fice of the School of Education, Room Pickands-Mathers C(
1431 University Elementary School. speak on the subject,
Any prospective candidates whose posits of the Lake Sup
name does not appear on this list at 4:30 p.m., Tuesday,
should call at the office of the Re- "An Economic Geologis
corder, 1437 Univ. Elem. School. Pre-Cambrian," at 8:0
day, Jan. 29, in room
Summer Job placement: All stu- Science Building; auspi
dents interested in registering with partment of Geology.
the Bureau of Appointments for a job --

es

Mr. Stephen A.
t for the Pick-
, will speak on
rican Steel In-
at 4:15 p.m.,
the Rackham
es of the De-
The public is
re: Mr. Steph-
eologist for the
ompany, will
"Iron Ore De-
)erior Ranges,"
Jan. 29, and
t Looks at the
00 p.m., Tues-
2054 Natural
ices of the De-

Michigan
"Early Ann
Open daily

Historical Collections:
Arbor." 160 Rackham.
8-12, 1:30-4:30; Satur-

BARNABY

By Crockett Johnson
/7TJ1

Fine Arts Lectuire. Miss Harriet D.I iays 8-12.
Adams of Cranbrook Art .Academy .
will speak on "Picaso's Recent Paint- A joint exhibition of paintings by
ing" at 8 o'clock, Tuesday, Jan. 29 in John Pappas and Sarkis Sarkisian of
the Rackha m Amnihithpa.trn .- Detroit, in the Rackham Mezzanine

r

T." krnnrlrr cf cfnrfc in iivo mintafac_

Gosh, I'm worried about Mr. O'Malley,

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