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VOL. LVI, No. 59 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JANUARY 24, 1946
Student overnmnt Outline Is Prop
PRICE FIVE CENTS
By The Assoiated Press
NEW YORK, Jan. 23-Benjamin F.
Fairless, president of the U. S. Steel
Corp., tonight asked President Tru-
man to call an all-management con-
ference of experienced. executives
from strike-bound companies to con-
sider "what kind of a wage increase
the economy of this country can en-
"These men could discuss frankly
with the President, and give him the
benefit of their advice on what kind
of a wage increase the economy of
this country can endure without in-
curring the danger of an inflationary
spiral with a constant race between
mounting wages and mounting
prices," Fairless said.
PITTSBURGH, Jan. 23 - The
striking CIO steelworkers asked.
President Truman today to take
immediate action for government
operation of $1,000,000,000 worth of
federally-owned steel plants or turn
them over to "individuals such as"
Henry J. Kaiser, the West Coast
The committee also said the jus-
tice department should investigate
a "conspiracy" among represeinta-
tives of the large corporations
meeting ih New York durijug the
first week of January to provide
"wholesale cancellation of irletive
bargaining agreements as their first
step to provoke strikes."
Railroad Strike .,..
CLEVELAND, Jan. 23-Threat of a
strike-possibly within three and
one-half weeks-which would par-
alyze the' entire, country's railroad
transportation system, was raised to-
day by the Brotherhood of Railroad
A. F. Whitney, president of the
trainmen, said strike ballots were be-
ing printed for a poll of the 215,000
If no offer is forthcoming from the
railroads within about three weeks,
which he estimated as the time to
complete the balloting, Whitney said
a strike could follow "within three
Meat Stalemate . .
WASHINGTON, Jan 23 - The
question of when the nation's din-
ner tables will get a normal supply
of meat remained unanswered to-
night despite President Truman's
decision to seize strike-bound pack-
ing plants Saturday.
Hours after the White House an-
nounced 'the Agriculture Depart-
ment would become the country's
boss butcher this weekend, the
government laked any pledge that
193,000 CIO strikers would return
WASHING TON, Jan. 23 -
immediate congressional inquiry was
ordered today in a statement that
Army truck drivers in three eastern
states have been ordered not to cross
meat strike picket lines without un-
The statement was made in the
House by Rep. Howard Smith (D-Va),
who read a telegram from Maj. Gen.
Manton S. Eddy, commanding gen-
eral of the third service command is-
suing the order.
Tie in Contest
Charles Weikel and Terrel Whitsitt
were chosen the winners of the
Speech 31 contest held yesterday af-
ternoon at Kellogg Auditorium.
The two, who spoke respectively on
"Citizens First" and "Danger in
America's Racial Situation" tied for
first place. Philip K. Kaut was
awarded third place honors for his
delivery on "The American Problem."
Competitors in the finals were se-
I arrl nd- n nraliifVr v,nnrnc4tzf nn-
How Campus Government Would Work
(All classes in all scho~ols)
Forum of Group Leaders
(Heads of all recognized cam-
(Nine members elected from
(Regents, President's Office,
Dean of Students, Dean of Wo-
men and Deans of all schools.)
(To be headed by members of the Council and made
up of students. These do the work with help of
groups represented in the Forum.)
'Martha Cook' Pledge Boosts
Philippine Fund-Raising Drive
D [RQ MR - ~ s[R11'41
A. K. Stevens
Letter from Filipino
Student Tells of Need
The Philippine fund drive received
a considerable boost yesterday when
the girls of Martha Cook pledged a
minimum contribution of one dollar
The current drive for $7,500 to help
replace books and equipment of the
war-devastated University of the
Philippines will end Saturday. Bar-
bara Stauer, campaign chairman, has
Fall in Power
"The Protestant Principle and the
Transformation of the Churches" was
discussed yesterday by Prof. Paul Til-
lich, of Union Theological Seminary,
one of the world's leading Protestant
The end of the era when the Pro-
testant church has been a decisive
world historical force, an era lasting
from about 1500 to the present, was
foreseen by Dr. Tillich. A new type of
religion may arise, he said, created by
the trends toward collectivism and
conformism in the western world to-
"If the Protestant principle de-
mands the reduction in power and
meaning of the Protestant churches,
we will want to adhere to the Protes-
tant principle and can only hope for
the survival of the Protestant
churches," Dr. Tillich stated.
He pointed out that there is a great
new field of endeavor opening for the
Protestant church in psycho-therapy
and urged the church to undertake
this work without fear of the mis-
takes that will be made at the begin-
ning. In carrying out this new work,
he contended, ministers must pro-
ceed by indirection rather than by
direction and, above all, be prepared
to be listeners rather than talkers.
Dr. Tillich's talk was the last of a
series of four lectures featured at the
seventh annual Michigan Pastors'
Conference. The conference closed
yesterday with a devotional address
by the Rev. Jonathan Dames, pastor
of the Bethel A.M.E. Church in De-
urged that all dormitories, league
houses, sorority and fraternity houses
and other University residences ap-
point someone to take charge of the
collection for their house. The money
may be turned in between 2 and 4
p.m. daily to Frances Goodfellow at
"Classes are being held in the
hospital wards," a letter from the
Islands states. The letter, received
by Lueila Martelino, University
student from the Philippines, con-
tinues, "it is necessary for teachers
to carry small blackboards about
three feet by four feet to class,
holding the board in one hand
while writing with the other."
"The real destruction of the uni-
versity came when the Americans at-
tempted to occupy Manila," Miss
Martelino said in a recent interview.
"The Japanese used the university
grounds as a stronghold for their last
stand. The campus buildings were
Coeds who would be interested
in securing passes to local theatres
Saturday through Jan. 31 by pass-
ing collection boxes to aid in the
thirteenth annual March of Dimes
should sign up in the Undergrad-
uate Office of the League, Alice
in direct line of fire, and no building
was left in a usable condition. The
majority are in such ruins that they
must be entirely reconstructed."
Previous to that, Miss Martelino
explained, classes had been held in
three unoccupied buildings. Al-
though the Japanese sanctioned
class meetings, the use of the Eng-
lish language was prohibited, she
"The Japanese used our library
books, chairs and laboratory tables
as fuel, and the entire agricultural
college was turned into a concentra-
tion camp," Miss Martelino revealed.
"Before the war there were ap-
proximately 7,500 students enrolled
in the University of the Philip-
pines," she said. "But during the
war many of the male students
joined guerrilla forces, some of
them evacuating to small towns.
Those who remained in Manila, at-
tempting to continue school, were
often picked off the streets for
The solution of eceonomic prob-
lems and the elimination of race
prejudice must be arrived at simul-
taneously in order for either to be
permanent, according to A. K. Stev-
ens, lecturer with the Adult Educa-
tion Experimental Program of the
University Extension Service, who
spoke before members of the Inter-
Racial Association at a meeting yes-
terday in the Union.
The main portion of Steven's ad-
dress consisted of an illustrated lec-
ture, "We Are All Brothers," as well
as another film, "Toward Unity"
both of which he has shown to vari-
ous labor groups in his capacity of la-
bor educator. Emphasizing the fact
that "our beliefs have nothing to do
with our race and nationality," the
film showed the necessity of treating
people as human beings and stressed
the fact that an individual's eco-
nomic position is not endangered by
equality of economic opportunity.
"Awareness of current prejudices,"
Stevens stated, is inescapable as such
feelings are deeply imbedded in our
cultural history." Nevertheless, he
continued, the attitudes of labor un-
ions and other groups with which he
has worked have definitely progressed
since the educational program was
undertaken. Not only must groups be
educated, he concluded, but individ-
uals must also act in accordance with
professed beliefs of equality as no as-
similative process can be accom-
plished through mere theorizing.
AYC To Treat
The Ann Arbor chapter of the
American Veterans Committee will
meet at 7:30 p.m. today at the Union
to discuss plans for sending an Ann
Arbor delegate to the national AVC
convention to be held in DesMoines
late in March.
The group will also conduct a dis-
cussion and review of all bills pending
and now before Congress on veteran
John Johnson, publicity chairman
of the group, announced that all
members and veterans who would be
interested in joining the chapter are
urged to attend the meeting.
We the students of the University of Michigan, in order to better fit
ourselves for life in a democracy and to further our legitimate interest in
securing the best education possible, do ordain and establish this Consti-
tution of the University of Michigan Student Government.a
ARTICLE I - COUNCILv
Section 1 The Central Committee of the University of Michigan Studenti
Government shall be the Council, which has both administrative andr
policy-making powers. The Council shall serve as spokesman for the Student
Body, acting upon all student ideas and requests which may be referred to it.
Section 2 The Student Council shall choose its own officers except the
president. It is empowered to draw upon the general student body to serve
on committees and projects. The Council shall supervise all elections. The
Council shall be responsible for financing the Student Government.
Section 3 The Council shall consist of eight members and a student
president chosen in an all-campus election.
Section 4 The Student President shall be the presiding officer of the
Council as well as the official head of the Student Government. He shall be
chosen on a separate ballot in the same all-campus election.f
Section 5 The members of the Council shall be elected for a term of one
Section 6 Council members shall have held positions of executive re-
sponsibility in recognized campus organizations or the University of Mich-
igan Student Government for at least two semesters.
Section 7 Candidates for the Council must satisfy University eligibility
requirements. They must expect to be enrolled in the University until the
expiration of their terms of office.
Section 8 The council shall draw up a ballot containing no more thai
five candidates for president and twenty-four for the positions of memberst
of council. The Council shall interview all those who petition for office.
The ballot shall be announced at least two weeks before the election.
Section 9 One of the first acts of each new council shall be to convene
the Forum. The Vice-President of the Council shall be the presiding officer1
of the Forum.
Section 10 A quorum shall consist of a majority of the Student Council.
Meetings shall be held regularly as a specified place and shall be public,
provided that by a two-thirds vote the Student Council may go into execu-
tive session. The Student President and Secretary shall have the power to
issue official statements regarding Council policy to the public. The agenda
of the meeting shall be published in the Michigan Daily. Any student may
present constructive proposals or complaints to the Council providing he
notify, in writing, the Council beforehand.
ARTICLE II - FORUM
Section I The Forum shall consist of heads of recognized organizations
or their representatives. Each representative shall have one vote.
Section 2 The Vice-President of the Council shall be the presiding of-
ficer of the Forum.
Section 3 The Forum shall be the means by which the opinion of or-
ganized groups may be expressed. The Forum may set up committees from
its own membership and may make recommendations to the Council. The
Forum is expected to implement Council action and to inform its con-
stituency of any action taken by the Council.
ARTICLE III - ADVISOR
The Council shall call in, as advisor, that member of the Administration
most intimately connected with student activities. He shall serve in ex officio
capacity at all Council meetings.
ARTICLE IV - AMENDMENTS
Amendement to this constitution may be proposed upon a two-thirds
vote of the Council or by a petition signed by ten per cent (10%) of the
students enrolled at the University. These proposals must be ratified by the
Committee on Student Affairs and a majority of those voting in the next
ARTICLE V - RATIFICATION
This constitution shall go into effect immediately upon being approved
by the mapority participating in an all-campus election.
To Be Sought
Proposal of a new constitution for
an all-campus student government
was unanimously approved by repre-
sentatives from major campus organ-
izations last night and now awaits
ratification by the stdent body and
the Student Affairs Committee.
Calling for a nine-member Stu-
dent Council to "serve as spokes-
man for the student body" and a
Forum made up of heads of major
organizations to act in conjunc-
tion with the Council, the propos-
al represents an entirely new ap-
proach to student representation
in campus government.
It is expected that this student
government proposal, if adopted,
would automatically absorb the Men's
Judiciary Council, including the
function of running campus elections.
Providing approval by the Stu-
dent Affairs Committee is obtained
this semester, it is hoped that elec-
tion of 'a Council can take place
in March. When the election is
held students will have the oppor-
tunity of either ratifying the Con-
stitution as proposed and electing
the first Council or rejecting the
proposed Constitution and electing
a nine-member committee to draw
up a more acceptable document.
Most specific functions of the
Council have been left for the first
Council to incorporate in the by-laws.
Among additionalfunctions which
it is thought likely that the Council
will adopt are to coordinate campus
activities, acting as a clearing house
and formulating a campus calendar,
to handle letters and correspondence
from other schools in regard to stu-
dent activities, to take an active part
in alleviating campus cheating, to
publish each year a handbook ex-
plaining University rules and regula-
tions and the campus government
set-up and to initiate student enter-
tainment and benefits.
This Constitution was drawn up
over a two-month period after ex-
tensive correspondence with other
schools, consultation with Univer-
sity officials interested in student
activities, and student heads of ex-
isting campus organizations, as
well as other interested groups.
The idea for a student Forum made
up of heads of rganizations came
from those attending a student'
Town Hall meeting in December.
The proposal has been under con-
sideration for a two-month period.
The Constitution and a diagram of
how the student government is ex-
pected to work may be found in ad-
Violinists Will Play
Highlighting their program at 8;30
p.m. tomorrow in the Rackham Lec-
ture Hall with the Hindemith "Quar-
tet in E-flat major," te Budapest
String Quartet will oped the Cham-
ber Music Festival for the second suc-
The Quartet, which first became
prominent in America about 15 years
ago, is composed of violinists Josef
Roismann and Edgar Ortenberg, viol-
ist Boris Kroyt, and Mischa Schneid-
er, violincello. They will complete the
concerts with quartets by Hadyn and
Representing an old and eminent
organization, the present Budapest
Quartet was a tradition in the an-
nals of European musical life. The
present group made their debut at
Cornell in December, 1930.
Committee To Act
Th3A -ttdnt ,+Affairs, Cmmittp is
WAR CA USES PEACE-TIME PROBLEMS:
Enrollment, Housing To Be Affected by State Action on Building Fund
By CLAYTON DICKEY
Add to the numerous problems now confronting the Uni-
versity the possibility that the state legislature will not ap-
propriate funds for an emergency building program.
Demands of $61,000,000 have already been made on the
state's $27,000,000 reserve fund by municipalities, mental
hospitals, public schools and educational institutions-in-
cluding the University, Michigan State College and Wayne
Only proposed University building for which state funds
have been appropriated is the General Service Building,
which will house administrative offices.
The special legislative session opening Feb. 4 will con-
rollments with facilities designed to accommodate approx-
imately 11,000 students.
Moreover, with a greater percentage of students seeking
education in the sciences, engineering and business admin-
istration, certain departments and colleges will be particu-
larly hard pressed.
University officials, in attempting to frame policies, are
beset with a multitude of imponderables. A decision on one
problem automatically creates others.
First and foremost is the University's obligation to vet-
erans. The obligation has been accepted, but the University
also recognizes an obligation to the State of Michigan.
Many universities throughout the country have already
rinos +w teir driR t+onaegrInt. far the+ no extCmPee~r The
veterans. But the problem of accommodating married vet-
erans remains critical. Housing is one of the first consid-
erations in determining how high the enrollment figure
If the new buildings cannot be erected, "night and noon"
classes will have to be resorted to on a large scale. Enroll-
ments in departments where laboratory facilities are re-
quired will have to be curtailed.
An increase in the number and size of classes is accomp-
anied by the problem of faculties. With no backlog of grad-
uate students eligible ,as instructors and return of former
members from the service uncertain, over-burdening of
present faculty members is uncertain.
This raisest he robAm o f racadmicistanris.If cl rass-