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January 23, 1946 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1946-01-23

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MALARIA CURE

RESEARCH
See Page 2

1Mw41

4EIaii4g

FAIR,

WARMER

VOL. LVI 58 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 23, 1946

PRICE FIVE CENTS

House Floor Gets
Fact Finding Bill;
Murray Hits Laws

More Vets Given Space in Village;
lackingPlants ToeSeized

1.;

Measure Weakened
In Labor Committee
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 22 - The
House labor committee pulled two
teeth from the President's Fact-Find-
ing bill today and shoved it to the
floor for early consideration.
President Truman wanted action.
But he also wanted the fact-finding
boards empowered to examine com-
pany records and unions barred from
striking during the process.
Features Missing
These two features were missing
from the bill which the committee
approved. Mr. Truman has said he
thinks the measure will be useless
without them.
There was general expectation
among the congressmen, however,
that efforts would be made to restore
them in the form of amendments
when the House takes it up. Some of
the committeemen, in fact, said they
voted for the measure with this ex-
pectation in mind in order to get ac-
tion.
Plan Rejected
The committee rejected the Presi-
dent's plan 13 to 5. It then approved
10 to 8, a version by Rep. Landis
(R-Ind) which establishes fact-find-
ing boards but denies them subpoena
authority and provides no "cooling-
off" periods.
Those who favor stricter strike leg-
islation announced plans immediately
to try and, write stronger language
into the bill when it reaches the floor,
probably next week.
Tried To Stop Bill $
Rep. Hook (D-Mich), a committee
member, said several atte ts were
made in the committee to prevent
sendinb any bill to the floor. One of
his motions for a continued investiga-
tion failed only by a 9 to 9 tie vote.
The Landis version provides that
government agencies shall furnish
the fact-finding boards any .records
or information desired.
Among those voting for the Landis
version was Rep. Hoffman (R--Mich)-.
Reps. Hook (D-Mich), and Lesinski
(D-Mich), opposed it.
Pastors Hold
Panel on China;
Hall Lectures
China today, geographically, hu-
manistically and economically, was
the subject of a panel discussion fea-
tured in yesterday's session of the
seventh annual Michigan Pastors'
Conference.
Prof. Robert B. Hall of the geog-
raphy department described the
geography of China in its relation to
her present problems. The country,
divided into the, two great natural
divisions of North and South China,
is."well endowed," he said, for indus-
trial development. However, Man-
churia must be included in post-war
China, since if the population in-
creases at its present rate, China will
need Manchuria's surplus food sup-
plies. The iron deposits in Manchuria
are the most extensive and accessible,
as are the forest resources. Reports
of untold wealth in petroleum depos-
its are as yet unfounded, he pointed
out.
Protestantismi
Is Discussed
The approximately 435 pastors as-
sembled for the conference also heard
Dr. Paul Tillich, professor of philoso-
phical theology at Union Theologi-
cal Seminary, in the second and third
of a series of four lectures on the
"Protestant Principle."
Dr. Tillich expressed a belief that

in this country there is still a possi-
bility of avoiding a split between re-
ligion and the socialistic movements.
"Whether America will succeed I
do not know," he said. If it doesn't
succeed, I see no way for this country
to avoid an American brand of fas-
cism, which will go in the name of
liberty; namely, the liberty of the
few."
Speaking at the afternoon session,
Dr. Tillich expressed doubt as to the
power of protestantism to resist the

Says Steel Industry
Still Makes Profits
By The Associated Press
PITTSBURGH, Jan. 22 - Philip
Murray called on the government to-
night to remedy present tax laws un-
der which the CIO leader said the
strike-bound steel industry could
"loaf the rest of the year-remain
absolutely idle" and still make $149,-
000,000 profit.
Murray handed newsmen at a press
conference copies of a letter written
to Secretary of tehe Treasury Vinson
asking him "as guardian of the U. S.
Treasury to take immediate steps to
terminate this outrageous condition."
Before Murray spoke the impact
of the great steel strike, going into
its third day and involving 750,000
members of his CIO steelworkers
union in 29 states, had spread to
Allied fields.
And in New York Benjamin F.
Fairless, president of U. S. Steel, re-
iterated his contention that Murray's
steel wage demands would place the
industry "in jeopardy."
Fairless blamed the union, Murray
the industry, for the crippling strike.
Murray, saying he had received
no word from Washington about
any plans of federal seizure of the
idle steel mills, told reporters he
wanted to reassure everyone the
steel strike will continue' until
President Truman's proposed 18%2-
cent an hour increase for steel-
workers is granted.
The CIO chief said he saw the
present industry-labor situation as a
fight to transfer con'trol of the gov-
ernment from Washington to Wall
Street. That control, he added, had
rested in Wall Street prior to 1933.
The strike situation itself re-
mained calm. Pickets continued
their vigil at gates pf some 1,300
steel, fabricating and aluminum
plants and bauxite and Iron ore
mines over the nation.
Ten per cent excess taxes refund
provision entitles the steel industry
to $200,000,000 in rebates. It said
"carry-back tax provisions secretly
slipped through Congress" will give
the industry $149,000,000 more if it
fails to make any net profit in 1946.
Effects of the almost complete
stoppage in steel and aluminum be-
gan to be felt in layoffs of railroad

U. S. Action
Is Expected
By 'Tomorrow
Seizure Assailed
By CIO Committee
By The Associated Press
CHICAGO, Jan. 22 - Fact finding
hearings in the nation-wide meat
packing industry strike opened here
today, shortly before government
sources in Washington announced
that packing plants would be seized
by the government - probably to-
morrow.,
Assistant Secretary of Labor John
W. Gibson announced the seizure
and White House officials indicated
that the order would be sent out to-
morrow.
Called 'Totally Unjust'
Shortly after the hearings opened,
the United Packinghouse Workers of
America (CIO) strategy committee,
following a White House statement
that the seizure had been under con-
sideration, said any such action was
'totally unjust'.
Officials of the CIO meat packers,
headed by President Lewis Clark,
spent the day in conference with La-
bor Department officials. Tonight,
Gibson told newsmen the union lead-
ers had made "no commitments"
when asked whether their members
would go back to work if the gov-
ernment seized the meat plants.
Asked if this would delay the gov-
ernment's move, Gibson replied that
it woid not; the seizure would take
All students who have ever worked
f tote Gargoyle are requested to re-
po t to the office today.
place regardless. At one point he said
it was his "understanding" the seiz-
ure would be carried out, but in re-
sponse to other qeustions he made
the flat statement.
Edgar L. Warren, chief of the Fed-
eral Conciliation Service, told report-
ers he had been assured by T. J.
Lloyd, an official of the AFL meat
cutters and butchers union, thatAFL
workers would return to work if the
government took over.
Electrical Strike
In the electrical strike, mediation
sessions which began unexpectedly
this morning were recessed. until
Thursday when they will resume in
New York. The mediators are Wil-
liam H. Davis, former chairman of
the War Labor Board, and Arthur
Meyer, chairman of the New' York
State Mediation Board.
The participants agreed to a "no
publicity" pledge. However, at a news
conference, A. W. Robertson, board
chairman of the Westinghouse Com-
pany, told reporters that Westing-
house would settle its wage disputes
with the CIO United Electrical Work-
ers "if any industry pattern were set."
Vet Refresher
Pro grain Set
An expected 400 World War II vet-
erans will arrive in Ann Arbor Fri-
day to start a 5-week University re-
fresher course designed to aid them in
regaining study habits before enroll-
ing here in March.
Courses, to be taught by University
faculty members, will be offered in
chemistry, accounting, economics,
physics, languages, mathematics and
history.
Veterans taking the courses will be
given finacial aid under the G.I.
Bill of Rights, although they will not
receive regular credit for the courses.

FPHA Allots

THE NATION'S

TAX BILL

(In Billions

of Dollars)

1945

1946
1947

I

1

i

0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14

16

18 201

1945- Actual

1946-7-EstimatedI

N

WIN

THE NATION'S TAX BILL - Chart indicates receip ts from direct taxes on individuals, direct taxes on cor-
porations and excise taxes in 1945 and the estimated receipts in 1946 and 1947, as outlined in President Tru-
man's budget report to Congress.
'U' Notifies Foreign Students To Remain
At Home Till Housing Arrangements Made

and river barge workmen and
mines.

coal

UNO To Test
New Strength
Agency Would Smooth
Crisis in Greece, Java
LONDON, Jan. 22-0-P)-United
Nations leaders declared optimisti-
cally tonight that the newly-born
peace agency could settle amicably
the Russian protest against British
policy in Greece and Java.
They discounted talk that the sur-
prise made by Soviet Russia and the
Ukraine might create a crisis at the
very outset of the United Nations Or-
ganization.
The first major test of UNO ability
to smooth international friction
brought the comment from .UNO
President, Paul-Henri Spaak, of Bel-
gium, that there were "no grounds
for pessimism" and a warning from
him against falling into "the terror of
the League of Nations" by putting off
major problems.
American officials soft-pedalled
talk of a crisis and said they were not
alarmed. They saw the United States
moving into a middle-man, pacifier
role between the Soviet Union and
the United Kingdom.

Foreign students who have been
accepted by the University but who
have not yet enrolled will immedi-
ately be notified not to leave their
countries until definite housing ar-
rangements have been made for them
in Ann Arbor.
The new policy, announced yester-
day by Assistant Dean Peter Okkel-
berg of the School of Graduate Stud-
ies, applies at present only to gradu-
ate students, who constitute a large
part of the foreign student enroll-
ment. Similar mrasures, Dean Ivan
C. Crawford revealed, are being con-
sidered by the engineering college.
"No standing admission will be{
cancelled," Dean Okkleberg said, "but!
U. S. Planes,
Equipment To
Go to Spain
WASHINGTON, Jan. 22-(A)-The
United States has approved the sale
to Spain of eight C47 transport
planes and nearly $300,000 in airport
equipment discarded by the Army,
government officials disclosed today.
At the same time, it was learned
that the State Department has ap-
proved sale of five four-engined
transport planes to a private aviation
company in Argentina.
The planes and equipment for
Spain were purchased from the State
Department's office of foreign liq-
uidation in Paris by a commission
representing the Franco government.
A State Department spokesman
disclosed approval of the sale of
equipment which he said would be
used to improve the Madrid airport.
It incl'udes bulldozers, scrapers, shovel
units, dump trucks and a semi-trail-
er.
The State Department spokesman
told his news conference that "no ap-
proval has been given for the sale
of surplus military supplies" to the
Franco government. He explained
that the department did not classify
the transport planes as military sup-
plies."
Government officials said the
transfer of the planes is related to
the Civil Aviation Agreement which
the U. S. signed with Spain Dec. 2,
1944.

the new ruling may mean that some
of those already admitted will have
to wait until the housing shortage is
alleviated to enter the University."
More than 1,500 foreign students,
Coeds To -Make

Dime' Collection
lit Local Movies
A sheet has been posted in the Un-
dergraduate office of the League for
women to sign who wish to collect
funds for the March of Dimes in the
local movies starting Thursday and
running through Jan. 31, Alice Miller
announced yesterday.
The campus drive will end today
and the national drive will extend
through the end of the month. All
dime boxes distributed throughout
campus should be turned in at the
Social Director's office at the
League by 4:30 p.m. today.
Jean Gaffney, chairman of the
women's group working on the cam-
pus drive, pointed out that a con-
tribution to the March of Dimes is
similar to investment in a Victory
Bond or an item of war taxation for
it helps to provide the weapons for
both offensive and defensive opera-
tions in behalf of childhood.
, During 1945, 43 persons received
polio treatment in this county. The
expense involved in caring for these
people who were hospitalized for
long periods of time was taken care
of by the donations make in last
year's drive.
Speaker To Discuss
Religion in India
Dr. Ananda K. Coomaraswamy, fel-
low in Oriental Research at the Bos-
ton Museum of Fine Arts, will speak
at 8 p.m. today in the Rackham Am-
phitheatre on "The Religious Basis of
Indian Society."
The Student Religious Association
cooperating with the Hindustani As-
sociation will honor Dr. Coomaras-
wamy following his lecture with a re-
ception at Lane Hall.

I

accepted before the closure of ad-
mission to out-of-state students on
Jan. 15, have not yet enrolled, ac-
cording to Robert Klinger, assistant
counselor to foreign students.
More of these, however, were
dents. Most of these, however, were
accepted several years ago and "prob-
ably no longer plan to enter the Uni-
versity," he said.
"The number affected," Dean Okl
kelberg indicated, ."is. probably not
too large." Not more than 300 for-
eign students, according to Klinger,
have been accepted since Jan. 1, 1945.
All prospective foreign students
who can possibly be contacted,'he de-
clared, will be notified immedniately
of the housing stipulation by air mail
letter.
Philippine cU'
Is Tied Closely
With Michigan,
Kindred spirit between the Uni-
versities of Michigan and the Philip-
pines goes farther than the recent.
pledge of reconstruction aid on the
part of Michigan students.
The current Philippine fund drive
to raise $7,500 for immediate use to-
ward rebuilding the Philippine
schools is being conducted by the
World Student Service Fund and the
Student Organization for Interna-
tnal Cooperation.
Some Campus Buildings
The tie between the two universi-
ties, based on a program of student
and faculty exchange, has been in ex-
istence since the Philippine school
was founded in 1907. Not only was
the organization and educational sys-
tem of Michigan copied, but the phys-
ical aspect of the campus was mod-
eled after the older institution. The
first edifice to be built resembled An-
gell Hall in structure and size.
Philippine students reading the
Daily Philippinesian saw a paper
that in masthead and typography
looked like The Daily, and Philip-
pine medical students read the same
text books as students in Ann Arbor.
Faculty Educated Here
All of the female faculty members
were educated at Michigan, several
of them recipients of Barbour schol-
arships. Under the professional ex-
change program many Michigan fac-
ulty members travelled to the Island,
among them. Prof.. Harley Bartlett,
chairman of the botany department
and the late Prof. Joseph Hayden of
the political science department.
Speech 31 Finals
To Be Held Today
Finals in the Speech 31 contest will
be held at 4 p.m. today in Kellogg
Auditorium with six contestants com-

New Housing
For 1,000
Request for Eight
Dorms Is Refused
Although rejecting the University's
request to move eight dormitories to
Ann Arbor, the Federal Public Hous-
ing Authority yesterday allotted
space for 1,000 more veterans at Wil-
low Run Village, Vice-President Rob
ert P. Briggs announced yesterday.
The present arrangement will re-
lieve the rooming shortage "consid-
erably," although it will be awkward,
a University official explained. Ad-
ditional bus service will be provided
between the campus and Willow Vil-
lage to handle the larger number of
students who will be living there after
the Spring Term opens.
320 Married Vets
The newly-acquired. accommoda-
tions are in addition to the reserva-
tions for 500 married veterans in the
West Court and Willow Village sec-
tions of the federal housing project.
To date, 320 married veterans have
rented apartments there.
With single and double rooms,
dormitories accommodate 27 students
in the one-story type and 123 in the
two-story structure. Centrally lo-
cated toilet and shower facilities and
lounge and utility rooms are avail-
able. A resident manager wll be in
charge of each building.
These latest additions to studeit
housing have never been occupied but
are now being reactivated.
Briggs .Made Announcement
Announcement of the FPHA reply
was made by Vice-President Briggs
following a telephone conversation
yesterday with Charles B. Lawrerice,
Jr., regional housing director, Cleve-
land.
Success Seen
For Seaway on
St. Lawrence
"Nothing can stop the completion
of the St. Lawrence Seaway," Prof. F.
N. Menefee of the Engineering Me-
chanics Department said in his talk
before Sigma Rho Tau yesterday.
The only question is when the wat-
erway, which will open the Great
Lakes to ocean traffic, will be flh-
ished, Prof. Menefee said. An esti-
mated $250,000,000 based on pre-war
price schedules will be needed to
complete the St. Lawrence Seaway.
Prof. Menefee predicted that engi-
neers of the United States and Can-
ada would not go far wrong as to
the feasability and cost of the proj-
ect,
I would like to see such an inter-
national project tried out, Prof. Men-
efee commented. President Roosevelt
strongly advocated the completion of
the waterway during the war.
The United States and Canada have
keen negotiating the issue ever since
1934.
Men will never get over their
yearning to utilize energy going to
waste, Prof. M~enefee said. Because
of the uniformity of its plan, we can
get more firm power from'the St.
Lawrence River than from any other
river in the world, he declared.
The savings to industries in the
seaway area justify the expenditure
the project will require, Prof. Mene-
fee predicted. It is anticipated that
savings of five dollars a ton might be
realized if freight were shipped over
the seaway instead of by rail.
Plane Is Bought

By Flying'Club
An Aeronca airplane purchased by
the University Flying Club will be
flown to Ann Arbor today froni the
Middletown, Ohio plant by Frances
Hamilton, privately licensed pilot and
secretary of the club.
Miss Hamilton will be accompan-
ied by Warren H. Curry, president,
who is now working for his license.

DOMINIE NOTES RELIGIOUS PROBLEMS:
Veterans Dislike Break Between Sects--Blakeman

By PATRICIA CAMERON
The veteran, accustomed to "the
religion of the foxhole," feels that the
sharp break between sects sticks out
like a sore thumb, Dr. Edward Blake-
man, Counselor in Religious Educa-
tion, said in an interview yesterday.
"The church which he left may
nn 1nn-r.-.fv him.e mi.P. it in

selling work. For the last 12 years
he has spent much of his time ad-
vising students who come to him
about religious and ethical matters,
When his office, one of a few such
positions in American colleges, was
created in 1933, the Board of Re-
gents stated, "The Counselor will

fact that religion as a sect may not
be taught in a state-supported insti-
tution of learning. "The University
as a state institution has no occasion
to deal with institutional or sectarian
forms of religion. Neither the great
tenth and eleventh centuries nor the
Renaissance period of European his-

it comes to religion, the most crit-
ical animal in the United States is
the great sprawling university."
However, in 1933, a program of re-
ligious educaion was drawn up. Un-1
der it, formal education consists of
the following projects: (1) the degree,
program in religion and ethics in the

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