THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 13, 1948
Greek Martial Law Continues;
Hostages Released by British
FROM THE TROPICS:
Public Health School
Seeks Malaria Cure
By The Associated Press
ATHENS, Jan. 22-Martial law in
the mountainous Kalamata region of
Greece, invoked whena band of
rightwing insurgents held nearly 100
hostages for two days, will remain in
effect for several weeks, an army of-
ficial announced tonight.
The hostages were released today;
after British Col. Max Noble negoti-
ated with insurgent leaders in a
mountain village to which the right-
wingers, identified as members of a
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 22 - Gen.
Dwight D. Eisenhower walked into a
verbal ambush of irate war mothers
today, heard at length their com-
plaints about demobilization, and
promised them his autograph.
From half a dozen cities the moth-
ers, about twenty of them represent-
ing organizations devoted to obtain-
ing the release of soldier-fathers,
gathered in a hallway in the house
office building. They had heard that
the Army Chief of Staff was due to
explain demobilization to the House
Unwarned and unguarded, Eisen-
hower walked toward the committ-
room. Before he could dig in, he
was backed into a corner of the
office of Chairman May (D-Ky)
and faced a withering barrage of
questions. They all dealt with the
theme: "When do we get our hus-
When he could get a word in edge-
wise, Eisenhower, obviously embar-
assed but in charge of the situation.
told the women: "About 700,000 fath-
ers are still in uniform and by July 1
all but 200,000 of them should be
home. To turn them all loose now
would be impossible."
The general told the mothers he
sympathized with them and wished
he ecould get all fathers home im-
mediately. He also sympathized,
he added, with non-married over-
seas veterans who think they
should be given a chance to come
home, get married and start fam-
Mrs. Nancy Muller, of Pittsburg,
submitted a five-point program to
provide replacements for army fath-
ers. She proposed:
1. Continuonce of the draft law.
2. Raising of the draft age to 38.
3. Reinduction of young men form-
erly deferred or declared surplus.
4. Allotments for young inductees
to permit them to obtain their high-
er education while in service abroad,
5. Lowering of army physical
standards to permit more inductions
LOST AND FOUND
LOST: Gold graduation ring near Hill
and State. Initials M.L.S. inside,
Great sentimental value. Reward.
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Last Times Today
group of monarchists known as
"Xitos," had fled. Six hostages were
killed while trying to escape the in-
surgents, released hostages reported.
Release of the hostages was an-
nounced in time for government com-
nianders to countermand an order to
storm the rebel bastion.
Col. Noble said no concessions were
made to affect the release of the pris-
oners and that those who took part
in the uprising would be sought.
The ministry of Public Order said
fragmentary reports early in the day
indicated that only about 500 of the
original rebel force of some 3,000
armed men, most of them uniformed,
remained in the mountain positions
near Kalamai, and that the others
Reprisals Attributed To 'X'
The outbreak, which the govern-
ment said yesterday had approached
a state of anarchy in the Kalamai
area, was attributed to reprisals by
members of the "X organization, a
royalist group, for the reported slay-
ing by Communists last week of four
The Communist organization
harged in a statement that the Brit-
ish were responsible for "Monarcho-
Fascist terrorism in Greece" by di-
rectly or indirectly supplying weapons
to right wing elements.
Forces Have Consent
But Greek Premier Themistokles
Sophoulis said "British military
forces are in Greece with the full con-
sent of the Greek government and
are in earnest collaboration with it in
iushed to the area yesterday, restored
order in Kalamai itself. Some troops
were dispatched to the rescue of the
mperiled hostages, the Public Order
The government denied reports
that there also had been fighting in
Short Claims Pearl
Harbor Was Avoidable
WASHINGTON, Jan. 22 - (P) -
Maj. Gen. Walter C. Short today ac-
cused the War Department of with-
holding vital information from him
and then trying to make him the
"scapegoat" for the Pearl Harbor dis-
In a bristling statement read be-
fore the joint congressional commit-
tee investigating the Dec. 7, 1941 at-
tack, the former Hawaiian Army
commander said :
1. He would have foreseenthe at-
tack and taken steps to meet it had
the War Department only transmit-
ted to him its "abundance of infor-
2. The top Army command sought
to "pass the buck" to him for "their
failure to anticipate the surprise
3. He believed the high command
fully realized from his report of ac-
tion taken after a Nov. 27, 1941, war
warning that his command was alert-
ed only against sabotage.
Dean Bennett Talks
At Lansing Meeting
A lecture on "The Preservation of
Architectural Monuments, Fine Arts,
and Libraries by the United States
Army in France" was given by Prof.
Wells I. Bennett, dean of the College
of Architecture, yesterday in Lansing.
Dean Bennett spoke at a dinner
meeting of the Western Michigan
Chapter of the American Institute of
Continuous from 1 P.M.
Weekdays 30c to 5 P.M.
.IN0 M'f1 p
Student Piano Recital .
tan Steel Co. at
DESPITE STRIKE-Molten steel illuminates the We
Weirton, W. Va., where employes, members of an ini
worked as usual.
Citizens of Farrell Shoul
Tax Bill To Kee St 1 Plant
By The Associated Press
FARRELL, Pa. - It was midnight
in Farrell. Factory whistles shrilled
and church bells rang.
The celebrating was the signal
that the town's steel plant would
remain a town asset.
Farrell's 18,000 residents went to
Stay in Java,
By The Associated Press
BATAVIA, Java, Jan. 22-Premier
Siftan Sjahrir of the unrecognized
Indonesian republic and an official
of the Netherlands -East Indies gov-
ernment both said today that they
opposed the withdrawal of British
forces from Indonesia at this time.
The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Re-
public yesterday asked the Security
Council of the United Nations Organ-
ization to "put an end to the present
situation" in Indonesia, and assert-
ed that British troops as well as
Japanese armed forces were taking
part in military actions against the
local population in Indonesia.
Sjahrir said that if the Russians
did not mind, the Indonesians would
prefer that the British remain in the
islands until the Japanese had been
disarmed and removed.
Peter Kierstens, education director
of the Netherland East Indies Gov-
ernment and former minister of Eco-
nomics, said "It would be irrespon-
sleep that night confident that 4,000
jobs and the community's future
were - safe. They voluntarily had
shouldered a $100,000 tax bill to
make it economically possible for
the mill to operate.
Sharon Steel Corp. will oper-
ate the plant, worked during the
war by the Carnegie-Illinois Steel
Corp., a subsidiary of U. S. Steel.
The mayor, stocky, bespectacled
Lewis Levine, says:
"We didn't do anything for Shar-
on Steel. We just did something for
ourselves. The people saw what was
coming and took the initiative be-
fore it was too late."
The story of what the people did
has its beginning in the depression.
Farrell, a mill town bordering on
the Ohio state line, is part of the
broad industrial Shenango Valley
that includes Sharon, Wheatland,
Its wealth is in the mills and fac-
tories that front "Broadway,' the
main street. In the 1930's when the;
mills shut down, 80 per cent of Far-
rell's population was on relief. As
late as 1938, the figure is put at 65
Government war contracts slowly
resuscitated the town, but the people
remembered.. Then Carnegie-Illinois
announced plans to abandon the
Farrell works -- the city's principal
industry for 43 years.
"With that understanding, Car-
negie-Illimois gave the city an op-
tion on the property to make any
deal it could," Mayor Levine said.
"Sharon Steel was interested but,
An original composition, "Introduc-
tion. Fugue, and Variations (1945),"
will highlight the piano recital to be
given by Mrs. Roberta Dresden at
8:30 p.m. tomorrow in Lydia Men-
The program will also include "Par-
tita No. 5 in G major" by Bach, "Fan-
tasy No. 2 in C minor, K. 396" by Mo-
zart, "Allegro molto e dinamico (from
Piano Sonata, 1934-36)" by Hunter
Johnson. "Allegro inquieto (from
Sonata No. 7, Op. 83) by Serge Pro-
kofleff, and "Sonata, Op. 111 in C
minor" by Beethoven.
The recital is being presented in
paitial fulfillment of the degree of
Bachelor of Music.
Dr. Littell To Lecture . .
Dr. Frankel Littell will discuss
"Innoc ent I and His Leadership
in the Crusades" at the Seminar on
the Expansion of Christianity at
4:30 today in Lane Hall.
All students interested are in-
vited to attend the lecture.
Modern, Poetry Club. .
The Modern Poetry Club will meet
at 7:30 p.m. today in Room 3231 An-
gell Hall, it was announced yester-
Discussion at Center,. .
Foreign students under the
chairmanship of Tarik Ataman will
participate in a panel discussion
entitled "World Peace" at 7:30 p.m.
today in the International Center.
The panel, which is being spon-
sia by the All-Nations Club, is
open to the public.
WIll Be Discussed
Prof. William S. Housel of the De-
partment of Civil Engineering and
Prof. Roger L. Morrison of the De-
partment of Highway Engineering
and Transport will leave tomorrow
for Oklahoma City where they will
attend the annual meeting of the
Highway Research Board of the Na-
tional Research Council to be held
Jan. 25 through Jan. 28.
Piof. Morrison, vice-chairman of
the Highway Research Board, will
preside at the meetings. Prof. Housel
is a member of the Department of
Soils Investigations and an associate
of the Highway Research Board. He
is on various working committees of
the Research Board, which is one of
the several organizations considered
leaders in the development of designs
and improvements in highway and
A cure of the relapsing type of ma-
laria, with which many returning
servicemen are afflicted, is the ob-
ject of a current search at .the Uni-
versity School of Public Health.
Successful during the war in a co-
operative testing of drugs to be used
against malaria, research by the
School's Department of Tropical Dis-
eases is now turned toward finding
ways of reducing or eliminating re-
current malaria attacks, Dean Henry
F. Vaughan said yesterday.
Coggeshall In Charge
Dr. Lowell T. Coggeshall had
charge of the project when it began
in October, 1941, with the testing of
drugs here. Dr. Richard J. Porter
assumed charge when Dr. Coggeshall
left for service in the Navy in 1944.
A total of 3,000 drugs were tested
here before the project was concluded
Turkeys and chickens were used to
test how efficiently various drugs
prevented malaria and also to deter-
mine whether drugs would minimize
or terminate an attack of malaria.
Reports were made to a central sur-
vey office in Baltimore.
Synthetic Drug Found
From the combined research of
all cooperating institutions, the
Board for the Coordination of Ma-
laria Studies, a branch of the Office
of Scientific Research and Develop-
ment, recently was able to announce
SN 7618, a synthetic drug which re-
lieves acute attacks'of malaria three
times faster than either quinine or
Present research is being privately
(Continued from Page 1)
five students are now specifically en-
rolled for a degree in the field. Stu-
dents majoring in religion must take
15 hours in each of three groups-
(1) religion as an aspect of civiliza-
tion; (2) religion as an aspect of
thought; and (3) religion as an as-
pect of society.
"It is not the purpose of this
program to train students specific-
ally for any particular professional
religious calling, but to prepare
them for intelligent leadership in
our modern world," the committee
The engineering, law and medical
schools offer instruction in ethics "to
sensitize our graduates to higher pro-
fessional ethics," Dr. Blakeman point-
ed out. For example, senior engineers
under faculty leadership make a
study of situations which tend to
break down the ethics of engineers in
practice, and the group gives time
to the ethical principles in the pro-
The indigenous program in its var-
ious aspects replaced the School of
Religion which functioned here from
1922 to 1926 and was located at New-
financed by the John and Mary Mar-
kle Fund, while the wartime drug
testing was done under contract with
the Office of Scientific Research and
Development, a Federal agency. Sev-
eral other institutions assisted OSRD
in running tests on drugs.
UAW No Longer
DETROIT, Jan. 22-(1P)-The CIO
United Automobile Workers' Union
advised President Truman today it
had withdrawn its acceptance of a
compromise 1712 per cent wage in-
crease in its dispute with General
Motors Corp. and reinstated its origi-
nal 30 per cent increase demand.
At the same time the union called
on tool and die workers in the De-
troit area to halt all work for Gen-
eral Motors next Monday.
The latter action was taken, a Un-
ion spokesman said, because "we have
waited in vain for GM to join with us
in acceptance of recommendations of
the President's fact finding board.
The union had set today as the
deadline for General Motors to re-
consider its rejection of the fact find-
ers' recommendations. A company
spokesman said it was standing on its
last offer of approximately 12 per
"The General Motors Corp.," said
the Union in a letter to the President,
"is in open revolt against the Ameri-
can government and the people and
is in a conspiracy to destroy organ-
ized labor." It added:
"Forces allied with General Motors
are ready and willing to bring about
a total paralysis of American indus-
try in order to resist equitable wage
increases; to set us on the road to in-
flation through higher prices and to
wipe off the statute books every piece
of constructive social legislation en-
acted in the last 15 years."
"The policies they advocate," the
letter' continued, "are directly con-
trary to the policies of the govern-
ment; they are contrary to the wishes
of the overwhelming majority of the
American people. They are an out-
right betrayal of the ideals and prin-
ciples for which we fought a costly
and bloody war."
Are Out of Funds
DETROIT, Jan. 22- (IP) - More
than 40,000 of the 175,000 General
Motors Workers now on strike have
exhausted their savings and war
bonds, the Michigan Citizens' com-
mittee to aid GM strikers said today.
Chairman Ralph McPhee, pub-
lisher of the Washtenaw Post-Trib-
une, announced that a welfare sub-
committee of four social workers had
been formed to screen all requests for
sible if the British withdrew utterly, taxes at their Lowelville, Ohio, plant1
and disastrous for the Indonesians were $40,000. On the Farrell works
for the British to withdraw would they were $190,000. In order to show
mean sacrificing the Indonesians to a satisfactory profit and loss state-
The British were assigned by the
allied command to rescue internees
and prisoners of war held by the
Japanese, and to disarm the Japan-
ese. The Indonesian nationalists are
demanding compilete independence
from the Dutch.
The premier said his government
had not appealed to the UNO, and
preferred to withhold such action
until other attempts to reach a set-
tlement have failed.
ment to their board of directors and
gain approval of the sale, $100,000
had to be lopped off."
Somehow the idea to forgive the
$100,000 by raising their own taxes
began to grow in the minds of the
"We talked the plan over with
the company for several weeks,"
the mayor disclosed. "Then we put
it up to the city council and the
school board and then to the
chamber of commerce."
i ". A
n e lii fe :..
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. -P Im
Last Times Today
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