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January 19, 1946 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-01-19

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Fifty-Sixth Year

cLettCPto Ehe 6tlorp

Stilwell Calls Nationalist China Fascist

t ;


h-nu mm e J A UT n fseh~1 N a ....,.-. ..
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of Student Publications.
Editorial Staff

Ray Dixon .
Robert Goldman
Betty Roth . .
Margaret Farmer
Arthur J. Kraft
Bill Mullendore
Mary Lu Heath
Ann Schut .
Dona Guimaraes

. . . . . . . . Managing Editor
. . . . . . . . . City Editor
. . . . . . . . Editorial Director
. . . . . . . . Associate Editor
.. * Associate Editor
Sports Editor
. . . . . . Associate Sports Editor
. . ....... Women's Editor
. . ,. . Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff

Dorothy Flint
Joy Altman

. . . . .. .Business Manager
.' .. . . Associate Business Mgr.
Telephone 23-24-1

Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Pst Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mal matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
re , .50, by mail, $5.25.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
March of Dimes
THIS YEAR marks the thirteenth anniversary
of the March of Dimes campaign.
Shortly after entering the White House, the
late President Roosevelt set aside his birthday
for a nation-wide appeal to support an organ-
ized campaign against infantile paralysis. He
was one of the victims of this disease and none
knew better than he the devastating effects
of it. He was not content with fighting polio
valiantly himself. He wished to carry on the
fight throughout the rest of his life-for others.
He did not live to see ultimate victory in the
war which he inaugurated against infantile
paralysis in America and unified'by founding the
National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis. Be-
cause he did not live, however, is no reason for
not carrying on the fight against the disease
which strikes both old and young, rich and poor,
of every race, creed, and color.
More than 13,000 new cases of polio were r.e-
ported .in the past year in this country. The war
must be continued until this dread disease is
finally wiped out.
Now is your opportunity to give, and to give
to a worthwhile cause. You: will know when
you drop a dime in one of the boxes placed
throughout the campus, that it will be one
more step in the final battle.
-Liz Knapp
Cherry Orchard
'N CONTRAST to Mrs. Robeson's speech assert-
ing that the Negro is penetrating into Ameri-
can life, emerging as a human being, that he will
continue to rise to equality and that when he
reaches it he will maintain it, a conversation
overheard on the steps of Hill Auditorium seemed
a most pathetic anachronism.
"1 didn't like her attitude," the voice said.
"She didn't seem to realize that she was a
Negro speaking to a group of whites. True,
she's a brilliant woman, very well educated, but
then, she's part white, you know," the voice
went on glibly reveling in the thought that
perhaps this made things not so bad as they
would seem.
The voice resented the assumption of equality
on the part of Mrs. Robeson as it might resent
the presence of the corner grocer at a diplomat's
reception. This is an admission of fear -fear
that if all are equal in the abstract then all will
have to be equalized in the material - that may-
be the cake of one will be mixed with the bread
of another to make sweet rolls for everybody.
Such fear blocks the realization that it is just
this laziness of mind and inequality of spirit that
prevents everyone from having cake.
It is these old reiterated thoughts, spoken
with the mechanism and familiarity of a math-
ematics table, that form the basis of the block
to that "new world a-comin'." We have a
feeling of pity for the sadness that is to come
to those people who refuse to think, refuse to
break ith a habit, because we feel that some-
day these worn-out old voices will be over-
powered by the new. And it will produce a

tremendous shock -kind of like the day they
chopped down the "cherry orchard."
-Anita Franz

For Peacetime J-Hop
To the Editor:
"Now, just be good children and wait until the
war is over, then we'll swing back to peacetime
That's what the University officials have been
telling all the students since 1941. Well, the
war is over, and they're still giving us the same
line, slightly disguised as "out-state criticism".
I entered the University in June, 1942, and
enrolled in a nine-term program which I com-
pleted, by acceleration, in October, 1945. Dur-
ing this period, I patiently waited until the
"war would be over". I bought my war bonds,
I worked at the hospital on Soph Project, I
sold war stamps for JGP. And I enjoyed it,
didn't gripe, but just "waited"!
My husband is a Navy veteran; he returned
to school last spring; he had left Ann Arbor in
1941. While in service, he anticipated his return
to school; he looked forward to house parties at
his fraternity house, football games and big
We feel that most students want what we
want: peacetime activities as soon as possible.
Sure, J-Hop as a two-night affair would be a
$10,000 dance. But, if the stu nts want it -
well, they're paying for it, so let them have it!
Oh, yes, another little item ... what did you
say the ratio of faculty members to students
is at the University of Michigan? Oh, I see,
eight profs to every five students!
-Mrs. David H. Van Tuyl
Our Public
To the Editor.:
WE SHOULD LIKE to thank Barrie Waters
for his always clever movie reviews, which
brighten the pages of the Daily and our lives
considerably. We liked especially his review of
Mildred Pierce, which said everything which
could be said about the movie and its advertis-
ing, with a few comments on contemporary hap-
penings in Ann Arbor, all in three paragraphs,
and we still remember his classic description of
Paul Henried as "a swashbuckling hero who per-
haps buckles more than he swashes."
Some of the Daily's own peculiar brand of
readers seem to resent the fact that Mr. Waters
does not treat each movie as though it were
the first he had ever seen, but it is hardly to
be wondered at that he is unable to rise to the
required heights of hysterical admiration over
every fresh offering of the local theatres, or
palpitate with adoration over everyone's fav-
orite star.
Although we may not always agree with his
evaluations, we always enjoy reading his enter-
taining and ironic remarks.
-Naomi Ann Bueller,
Jean L. Davidson,
Gerry Smith
Elaine Andrews,
Eleanor Gordon,
Mary Haggerstrom
Jeanne Mueller
Oriental Culture
To the Editor:
WE CANNOT allow Professor Senstius' sweep-
ing condemnation of Oriental culture to go
unnoticed. Despite undermining by modern in-
dustrialism the guild system is still in operation
throughout the East in such a way as to make
it possible for almost every individual to per-
form some special skill as a contribtion to a
well integrated culture.
"Comparative Anatomy" is a term unknown
in the East, previous to recent introduction
from the outside. Comparisons, if made were
on a symbolic level of reference, the standard
always being a Heavenly and not an anthro-
pological or (God forbid!) aesthetic type.
Bathing in ancient Java as always in India
(it may be noted) was a sacred as well. as a
cleansing rite . . . and not until the introduction
of the enamelled tub did Orientals bathe for
purely sanitary reasons.
It must be admitted that the essentials of
Oriental culture are often of the intangible
and invisible sort, but they are capable of

being understood.
Associate Professor in Far Eastern Art
-James M. Plumer
People's A rt
To the Editor:
THE DISTINCTION drawn by Mr. Senstius in
in his letter of Jan. 17, between semi-skilled
and unskilled workers in the construction of the
edifices of the Orient is purely a distinction of
the West, and in the East is only to be considered
a Western importation. Any comparison of the
work of the oonstructors of Borobudur and
Sanchi, Amaravati and Ellora, to the work of
the steam shovel and bull-dozers (symbols, by
the way, of the ruthlessness and "driving" aspect
of Western "civilization") is a comparison made
by one who has not realized the essential unity
of Indian and Indonesian communities.
Not until the influence of Western civiliz-
ation was felt,.in the Far East could temples,
monuments, or other places of worship have
been built without the full participation and
complete appreciation and understanding of

the whole community. The "priesthood took
the initiative to build temples for the glorifi-
cation of their god(s); princes and other mag-
nates had palages built for the glorification of
themselves, or for other motives". Ah! but
the people knew and understood those gods
... the people saw in that glorification of the
"princes and magnates" the glorification of
their worship!
The fact that there are but few "artists"
known to us from the necessarily long list of
them that there must have been in the history
of Far Eastern Art, argues that there must have
been wide spread knowledge of the techniques
of that art. Had there been a few people who
"erected the structures or produced and ap-
preciated the literature and the works of art", is
it not logical to assume that the names of these
few would have come down to us as have the
names of Greek artists?
Lastly, even the "iiiitiative of the Dutch"
can never restore to the temples "their former
grandeur". It is only archeologists who would
assume (and not all archeologists) t h a t
because the appearance of the edifice
is restored, the thing which made it real
and important to the "native" is restored. If
the Dutch had not spent so much time in Java
"waiting patiently" to restore the grandeur of
Borobudur, possibly the less civilized natives
would have continued to give it that grandeur
by using it as it was meant to be used . . . as
place of love and worship.
-Robert J. Miller
Congress' Quandary
SOME of the financial papers are printing a
dull little story about the flour millers; flour
millers being, as I understand it, gentlemen who
devote their lives, for some reason, to grinding
wheat. It is a deary tale, lacking in sex interest
and sustained dramatic construction, and yet
perhaps it is worth kicking around here for a
minute or two; you'll see why.
The story tells us that flour millers are rather
in trouble. They are used to selling their product
four months in advance of delivery, which means
(according to the Wall Street Journal) that they
have to know what the price of flour is going to
be four months ahead of time. It is at this
point that many a flour miller begins to resemble
a trapped animal, with hot eyes darting this way
and that.
For the millers have been receiving a govern-
ment subsidy of 80 cents a sack, to keep the
price of bread down; but Congress has failed to
renew subsidies, and these expire on June 30.
Who pays the 80 cents? Will the millers be
allowed to raise prices to make up the difference?
They don't know.
It is true that price control also expires on
June 30. But it may be renewed. Or it may
not be. At any rate, the key fact is that while
waiting to find out, the millers will not be able
to sign contracts for the sale of flour. They
may spend four months loking out of their
windows, and wondering why they hadn't be-
come dentists, or something.
THE STORY, though not thrilling, is important,
because it is that famous dark patch in the
sky, no bigger than a man's hand. It is the first
of many such stories of business disorder which
will pile up as we come nearer the date when
controls are scheduled to expire, without Con-
gressional action. We had a record wheat crop
last year; but it is already almost impossible to
'buy wheat; farmers are holding it, waiting for
higher prices when the ceilings crack. Builders
are deferring their new construction, waiting to
see what happens to rent control. As June 30
approaches, more and more businesses, including
many which have no desire to speculate, will be
caught up in this dilemma, finding themselves
increasingly unable to buy, and increasingly re-
luctant to sell.
If we ever reach the stage at which only a
few weeks of controls remain, the effect may
be either that of a general paralysis, or of a
kind of explosion, as prices blow through the
ceilings, of their own force. The very fact that

Congress leaves the issue open exerts an up-
ward magnetic pull on prices, and a downward
drag on production; it is as if the national
legislature had tipped the country a collective
Meanwhile we see Congress in a passion about
strikes; it is furious about the economic disorder
of January, even while it prepares a much more
disorderly show of its own for May and June.
If ceilings blow their tops in late spring, the
strike settlements now being negotiated so pain-
fully may have to be re-opened.
Congress' only answer is to propose repres-
sion, which amounts to sitting on the safety
valves; if Congress were genuinely interested
in economic order, it would, within the next
fortnight, renew price control, and reinstitute
subsidies, and give us a perspective of about
eighteen months of production and stability.
Failing that, Congress is in the position of one
who runs frantically about breaking the win-
dows and smashing the furniture, while shout-
ing "Order!" at the very top of his voice.
(Copyright, 1945, N.Y. Post Syndicate)

WASHINGTON.-General "Vinegari
Joe" Stilwell probably will not,
write his memoirs, which is unfortu-i
nate. But some day he may decide
to get out of the Army and start tell-,
ing what he knows about the Chinese;
situation. If so, it will be much more
illuminating than what Gen. Pat
Hurley had to say late last year.
Stillwell's ideas are especially in-
teresting in view of the truce just
patched up in China by General Mar-
shall. Vinegar Joe is afraid it won't
last long.
Last week, before leaving for San
Francisco and a new assignment,
Stilwell did talk a little to a friend.
On the subject of Pat Hurley, Stil-
well remarked:
"When Iurley firstecame I felt
prettygood about it. He told me of
his plans to be tough. 'First we'l
tell the Generalissimo what to do,
and then we'll explain to him what
the United States will do,' Hurle
said. Two days later, after a couple
of those banquets the 'Gimo' knows
how to arrange so well,H Iurley was
eating out of the hands of the
Gimo and T. V. Soong (Chiang's
Before he went to China, Stilwell
had insisted on being supreme mili-
tary commander. Once in China, how-
ever, he found himself balked at
every turn. Of 243 divisions in
Chiang's armies, he was given only
two ragged, unequipped divisions.
The rest of Chiang's army either
leafed around in China or was up
north fighting the Communists.
"In 1943, the Gimo decided that
China would let the allies win the
war," Stilwell said, "and that's"just
about what happened."
He added that it wasn't all di-
restly the fault of Chiang Kai-
Shek. Chiang would send a mes-
sage to some local chief, asking for
two divisions, and the local chief
would reply that he could havethe
hen but not the supplies. Then,
after sending the men, he would
send a message to the Japs that the
lines were pretty weak at the spot
from which the men had just
pulled out.
STILWELL could not get enthusias-
tic about the recent truce an-
nounced between Chiang and the
Chinese Communists. "The Gimo has
been making and breaking promises
for 25 years." he said.
"The United States is the only
reason he's in power today, and if
the United States should say to
China, 'we don't like the kind of
government you have here because
it's too much like the Hitler gov-
ernment-and we won't help you
until you change that form of gov-
ernment,' why that guy Chiang
wouldn't be able to get two blocks
from his house.
"It's naziism all over again-a dic-
tatorship at the top by the Gimo
with the same sort of economic base
we fought in Japan.
"As for the question of permit-
ting the Communists to retain their
army, why there's no difference be-
tween it and the Gimo's army. His
Army isn't a national army-it's
strictly any army of the National-
ist Party, just as much political as
the Communist army."
Stilwell said he had never gone to
North China to see the areas under
Communist control; not because he
didn't want to, but "because I would
have been thrown out of China that
much sooner."
To illustrate his point that the
Chinese don't like Chiang and de-
serve something better, he recalled
that in a village not far from Chung-
xY HO U Ur - -.
By Rcy Dixont
A NEW wrinkle in the muddled
J-Hop squabble was given by two

girls who were overheard muttering:
"The tougher they make it for out-of-
town girls to come to the dance, the
better we'll like it. They should re-
strict college dances to college stu-
dents," they added wistfully.
Which reminds ustof the girl who
came fluttering up to us the other
day with a pleading look in her
con eye. She thought the Daily
should conduct a big campaign'
urging married veterans to wear
wedding rings. It seems the gals
have to watch whom they vamp
these days.
Getting back to the big dance
which is coming up? We're tempted
to refer to the J-Hopping Mad Com-
mittee. But they aren't really mad,
just wondering how to put on a good
dance in spite of all obstacles.

THERE is really not much to be said
about last night's concert except
that it could hardly have been bet-
tered, and that only rarely does one
hear a. performance of any kind which
is as flawless as that of Jascha Hei-
fetz on the violin.I
Ifis program opened with the ex- 3
quisite Allegro, Minuetto, and Non
presto of Scarlatti, which are deli-
cate, graceful, and possessed of great
f ormalistic charm. Their finely
turned phrases combine the virtues
of providing highly interesting lis-
tening as well as excellent means for
displaying . Mr. Heiietz' masterful
technique and tonal excellence.
The Brahms Sonata in A major
was played with incredible smooth-
ness and fluidity, and the high tones
. were beautiful. In this work Eman-
uel Bay, Mr. Hleifetz' accompanist,
especially distinguished himself by
providing an excellent background
for the violin, but at the same time
playing with sufficiently sensitive
dynamics to make the piano a rich
and satisfying voice in itself -
working on the theory that the so-
nata was written for violin AND
piano, not for violin alone.
At this point in the program ap-
parent carelessness in following the
program resulted in a mass exit on
the part of a good third of the audi-
ence while Mr. Heifetz, Mr. Bay and
the page turner retired backstage. The
artists didn't remain quite long
enough for one cigarette, with the

result that the opening of the Gla-
zounoff Concerto in A minor were
forced to penetrate vociferous chat-
tering from the lobbies as well as the
hissing of a mysterious mechanism
in the first balcony. Musically it suf-
fered for want of the full orchestra
with which it was intended to be
played, and for which a lone piano
was a rather inadequate substitute.
The second half of the program
began with Bach's Adagio and Fuga
in G minor for solo violin, an obvious
showpiece, but nonetheless interest-
ing, and executed with the clarity
and precision demanded by Bach. The
concluding numbers were the Schu-
bert Impromptu, the Mendelssohn
Scherzo (from Trio), a Beethoven
Folk Dance, and Figaro from Ross-
ini's "The Barber of Seville," arranged
for violin by Castelnuovo-Tedesco.
The latter, a clever parody on the
famous aria, was highly amusing, if
unfortunate from Figaro's point of
view because of its satirical emphasis.
To apply a few adjectives to the
performance as a whole, Mr. Hei-
fetz was technically perfect, tonally
superb, and in his interpretations
managed to cleave to the middle
road between undue sentimentality
and emotional coldness, resulting
in a restrained, yet sensitive per-
formance which was highly reward-
-Paula Brower


king, a rumor spread in 1943 that
Chungking had fallen to the Japs.
At once, signs reading "Down with,
Chiang Kai-Shek" appeared through-
out the village, When asked if that
might not have been inspired by Jap
agents, Stilwell snorted.
"Not at all," lie replied. "Those
poor people simply don't like to
have to pay the tax on their land
75 years ahead-and they don't

like to have to pay an annual tax
on their land four-times a year."
Note-Maury Maverick recently re-
ported to President Truman that
the Chinese had signed a secret
agreement with the Russians, giving
them far more trade rights than
Americans-despite the ships, the
airplanes and the munitions we have
turned over to Chiang Kail-Shek.
(Copyright, 1946, Bell Syndicate, Inc.)


Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat-
VOL. LVI, No. 55
To the Members of the Faculty-Col-
lege of Literature, Science, and the
There will be a special meeting of
the Faculty of the College of Litera-
ture, Science, and the Arts on Jan.
21 at 4:10 p.m., in Room 1025 Angell
Hall, for continued discussion of the
curriculum proposals. Large atten-
dance of the faculty is desired at this
Applications in Support of Re-
search Projects: To give .Research
Committees and the Executive Board
adequate time to study all proposals,
it is requested that faculty members
having projects needing support dur-
ing 1946-1947 file their proposals in
the Office of the Graduate School by
Friday, Feb. 8. Those wishing to re-
new previous requests whether now
receiving support or not should so in-
dicate. Application forms will be
mailed or can be obtained at Secre-
tary's Office, Room 1006 Rackharn
Building, Telephone 372.
Aeronautical Engineering Juniors,
Seniors and Graduates: There are
available in the Department of Aero-
nautical Engineering four Frank P.
Sheehan Scholarships. The selection
of candidates for these scholarships
is made very largely on the basis
of scholastic standing. Applications
will be received up to January 25.
Students wishing to make applica-
tion should address letters to Profes-
sor E. W. Conlon, B-47 East Engi-
neering Building, giving a brief state-
mnent of their qualifications and ex-
perience in regard to both their schol-
astic work and any other experience
they may have had. A statement
should also be made giving their
plans for further study in Aeronau-
tical Engineering. The present draft
classification or any service record
should be mentioned.
All Women Students attending
"The Hasty Heart," "onday, Jan.
21, will be granted late permission
until one-half hour after the end of
the performance.
Scholarship Open to Senior Me-

scholarship may be obtained in the
Aeronautical Engineering Office.
Graduate Fellowships: Consoli-
dated- Vultee Aircraft Corporation
has established two annual Graduate
Fellowships of $750 each, available
to graduates of accredited engineer-
ing, metallurgy, physics or mathe-
matics schools who are highly recom-
mended by their faculty Scholarship
Committee, for graduate study and
research in the fields included in
aeronautical engineering. The stu-
dents will be employed by the Com-
pany the first summer after the
awards. Application forms for these
Fellowships may be obtained in the
Aeronautical Engineering Office.
William Henry Chamberlin, who
lived and worked in many European
countries and Japan as a foreign cor-
respondent, will speak on the sub-
ject, "Russia and the West: Conflict
or Cooperation?" 8:00 p.m., Mon.,
January 21, in the Kellogg Audi-
torium; auspices of the Polonia Club.
The public is cordially invited.
University Lecture: Professor Ralph
W. Gerard, Dept. of Physiology, Uni-
versity of Chicago, will speak on the
subject, "The Electrical Activity of
the Nervous System" (illustrated),
at 4:15 p.m., Mon., Jan. 21, in the
Rackham Amphitheater; auspices of
the Dept. of Zoology. The public is
cordially invited.
Phi Sigma, honorary natural sci-
ence fraternity, will sponsor a lecture
by Professor Ralph W. Gerard, of the
University of Chicago, who will speak
on the subject, "A Biologist's View of
Society," Monday, at 8:00 p.m. in
Rackham Amphitheatre. A reception
will be held following the lecture for
members of the zoology department
and the Phi Sigma Society, and their
guests. The public is invited to at-
tend the lecture.
Dr. Anada K. Coomaraswam y of
the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston,
will speak on "The Riddle of the
Sphinx" at 4:15 p.m., Tues., Jan. 22,
in the Rackham Amphitheatre; aus-
pices of the Institute of Fine Arts,
The public is cordially invited.
Student Recital: Mary Evans John-
son, a student of piano under Profes-
sor John Kollen, will present a recital
in partial fulfillment of the require-
ments for the degree of Bachelor of
Music at 8:30 Sunday evening, Jan.
20, in Lydia Mendelssohn Theater.

We note that the head of
steel company is a man by
name of Benjamin Fairless.


F told Barnaby that his
in-ninnr Fairv Goldfnther 11

Suggesting that pixies and

IB CrockeUt Johnson
My compliments to the pater, m'boy, but it
is not necessary to be formally introduced
fn~~= ,r r.rli ,Xr n r CA ii hic n in 4,,


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