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Men Poor Mediators
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of Stud'ent Publications.
Ray Dixon . . . . .. . . . . ManagingEditor
Robert Goldman .. . . . . . . . . City Editor
Betty Roth . . . . . . . . . . Editoral Director
Margaret Farmer . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Arthur J. Kraft . . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Bill Mullendore .. .. ... . _. . . Sports Editor
Mary Lu Heath'... . . . Associate Sports Editor
Ann Schut . . ... . Women's Editor
Dona Guimaraes . . . Associate Women's Editor
Dorothy Flint . . . . . . . . . Business Manager
Joy Altman . . . . . . . Associate Business Magr.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mal matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46
NIGHT EDITOR: BETTYANN LARSEN
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of. The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
rJhe in'itial impact of the release of the facts
concerning atomic energy found the Ameri-
can people completely bewildered. Hysteria ran
a brief course and vanished. In its place came
proposed solutions to the question of control of
this mighty force, solutions often based on inade-
quate knowledge of its potentialities. As a result,
relatively few people today have any conception
of the nature, use or significance of atomic ener-
gy. Most people seem quite content in their ig-
The very fact that the daily press concentrates
its attention upon the activities of sundry per-
verts and in manufacturing crime waves. is-di-
cative that the American people want to forget
the atom bomb. "Oh, let's not talk about that,"
is sufficient to check a bull-session or talk be-
tween friends on atomic energy.
The same desire to escape from thinking upon
the problem of control is reflected by those who
blithely dismiss it by refusing to recognize a
problem. They make all sorts of unrealistic com-
parisons of atomic bombs to machine guns and
submarines and solemnly quote Thomas Gray's
lines: "When ignorance is bliss, 'tis folly to be
wise." In the case of the atomic bomb, however,
ignorance is BLAST.
On this campus, it seems that the only people
who know anything of the significance of
atomic energy are the science faculties and
those students and other faculty members
who have concerned themselves with the prob-
lem. Others, by not concerning themselves,
refuse to face the fact that the atomic bomb
concerns them. Everyone, from the urban
dweller to the loneliest anchorite, is intimately
affected by the course we take or fail to take
in controlling the use of atomic energy.
In order to satisfy the very evident need for
enlightenment on this campus, we suggest that
the following program be undertaken by the Uni-
1. That the Association of University of
Michigan Scientists, in conjunction with mem-
bers of the political science department, pre-
pare a program of lectures to be delivered to
the student body;
2. that these lectures deal with the nature
and the use of atomic energy, the problems
arising from the knowledge of atomic energy
and solutions to these problems;
3. that these lectures be presented at Hill
Auditorium on a weekday night within a few
4. that all classes and events scheduled for
that evening be suspended; and
5. that attendance at the lecture program of
the entire undergraduate student body be com-
-Arthur J. Kraft
FOLLOWING are excerpts from an Associated
Press story which probably did not hit print
in many newspapers throughout the country.
"Reconversion speeds have exceeded expecta-
tions and present employment is higher than an-
ticipated, Paul C. Hoffman, president of the Stu-
debaker Corp., said today."
"Employment of the men still to be demobi-
lized from the Army will require several million
-...... ---.-- ...5 T fF . :u, ir7 tT,.4. ni i- n it
By DREW PEARSON
Washington --When Phil Murray and U. S.
Steel president Ben Fairless sit down at the
White House today in another effort to head
off a steel strike, they'll at least have one thing
in common-a very poor opinion of Harry Tru-
man's three "S" men-Snyder, Schwellenbach
When Fairless *and Murray left the White
House after their long wage battle last Saturday,
the steel executive invited the labor chief to get
into his limousine. Then the two men rode around
the block a couple of times chuckling over the
way Secretary of Labor Schwellenbach seemed
jealous of John Steelman, Truman's personal
labor adviser, and how both joggled elbows with
John Snyder, the St. Louis banker who is sup-
posed to be the war reconverter.
At that particular moment, the two men who
had been at the opposite ends of the argu-
ment for weeks seemed closer together person-
ally than the three Truman negotiators-
though actually the day's dickering had not
budged them by many fractions of an inch.
.Pl.b-ly A ccount
Here is the play-by-play account of what hap-
When Fairless and Murray were first invited
to the White House, they expected to see the
President himself. However, Saturday morning,
both received orders to report to John Snyder's
office. When they arrived, they found Snyder,
Steelman and Schwellenbach waiting for them.
Snyder informed them that the President would
not see them at one, but would be available if
he were needed. A short time later, the entire
conference moved from Snyder's wing of the
White House to the cabinet room.
Snyder began by asking the two men if either
had changed his position since their conference
broke up the day before in New York. Both
Murray and Fairless said there was no change.
Fairless said U. S. Steel had gone as high as it
could go by offering an increase of 15 cents an
Murray pointed out that he had cut his de-
mand from 25 cents an hour to 19 1/2 cents.
He also pointed out that the steel workers
were still engaged before the war labor board
in a year-long argument over a five cent an
hour increase still undecided, but certain to go
to the union. He urged Fairless to throw that
increase into the current negotiations to stave
off the strike. Murray said he was willing to
yield two cents of the five due to the union
in the War Labor Board litigation if Fairless
were willing to yield on his present proposal
of a 15-cent increase.
Fairless, however, did not yield. He replied that
his company had a rough time getting the other
steel companies to go along with a 15-cent in-
crease and that several had done so under con-
siderable pressure. Both Bethlehem Steel and
Tom Girdler's Republic Steel are among those
who bucked U. S. Steel hardest on this.
See President Truman
Finally, after more than two hours of argu-
ment, the three "S" men trooped out of the
cabinet room and into Truman's office. Ten min-
utes later, they came back and escorted Fairless
in to see the President.
Truman then gave Fairless a straight-from
the-shoulder lecture. He pointed out that the
national interest was at stake, that the admin-
istration was being generous to the steel cor-
porations by offering a four-dollar-a-ton price
increase, and that the country couldn't afford
to let the strike start.
Fairless pleaded that he had no authorization
from the industry to go any higher than 15 cents
an hour. This, incidentally, is what Murray had
warned Fairless would say.
Shaken by Truman's tough attitude, Fairless
asked for time to talk the situation over further
with his colleagues in New York. He said he
needed until Wednesday to get this done.
While Fairless had been talking to Truman
alone, Steelman and Schwellenbach both talked
to Murray separately, trying to convince him
that they were supporting his case.
Then the three Truman aides escorted Mur-
ray in to the President. Truman asked Mur-
ray if there was a chance of settlement. Mur-
ray told him that the only chance rested in
the Steel Company's making a decent offer
which would restore some of the lost take-
home pay to the 700,000 members of the union.
Murray had informed the White House before
the meeting that if the steel strike was settled,
then all CIO unions would delay their planned
walk-outs until there could be further negotia-
tions. Murray told the President that the steel
corporation was the piper that played the tune
for all big business; that if "Big Steel" made a
reasonable agreement, the electrical appliance
producers, the meat packers, glass makers, the
auto manufacturers would follow suit.
Patience Worn Thin
ruman repeated his plea that the National
interest was at stake, and said he couldn't
let the strike start. Murray replied that he too
was anxious to avoid a strike but that after five
months of fruitless negotiations, the patience of
his members was worn thin.
The President then said that Fairless wanted
a little more time to work out a deal, so it was
proposed that there be a delay of one week. Mur-
ray said he would delay the strike a week as a
gesture of good faith to show that the union
wants to exhaust every possible avenue before
taking drastic action.
(copyright, 1946, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
IT IS FASCINATING to watch the manner in
which the political characteristics of the dele-
gations to the United Nations Organization in
London express themselves. The Russians behav-
ed in an illuminatingly Russian way during the
business of picking the President of the Assem-
bly. The proceedings had hardly started when
Andrei Gromykp, for the Soviet Union, rose and
put the name of Trygve Lie, Norway's foreign
minister, in nomination. This caused rapid shud-
ders to run through the British and American
delegations, since the Assembly's rules call for
a secret ballot, and the Anglo-American dele-
gates, with their strict, precise sense of law, did
not see how any delegation's vote could be con-
sidered secret, once it had made a public nomi-
But Mr. Gromyko had a promise of American
support for Mr. Lie; at the end of his speech,
he waited, apparently, for the American dele-
gation to second the nomination. The Ameri-
ans sat silent; they had been supporting Mr.
Lie, truly enough, by rounding up votes for him;
they had been campaigning, in the characteristic
American political convention fashion, but they
were not going to break their own interpretation
of the Assembly's rules. The nomination was
therefore seconded by Poland, the Soviet Uk-
raine and Denmark; after which the Russian
delegation, seeing a chance to turn the meeting
into a demonstration, in a manner familiar to
it, proposed that Mr. Lie be elected by acclama-
tion on the ground that there had been only one
nomination, and also because Norway had been
one of the first victims of German aggression.
Low moaning went on among the British
delegates at this, for the British had been
campaigning quietly for months for the elec-
tion of Foreign Minister Spaak of Belgium;
they had, in a way possibly also characteris-
tic, been lining up a large vote for him, with-
out nominations, speeches or demonstrations.
This, to the Russians, smelled like a "western
bloc;" but Mr. Spaak, whose name had not
once been mentioned from the floor, was elect-
ed; the Americans voting secretly forMr.Lie,
then revealing afterward how'they had voted,
thus seeking to satisfy both the rules and the
O ne can say what one likes of the incident; that
it shows the Russians have a high-handed,
materialist disdain of formal procedure; that the
British are secretive and manipulative; that the
Americans are nervous, and try to please every-
body. But it is more important to understand
than to object, for these early manifestations
give us a measure on the size of our problem.
-The same kind of thing has turned up,
amusingly, on the United Nations delegation
which is now touring the eastern. part of the
United States, selecting a permanent site for
the organization. A reporter with the dele-
gates swears that, regarding every site, the
Russian asks only one question: "ow far is it
from New York?", while the French delegate
wants to know whether the place is hot, or,
perhaps cold, and the chairman, Dr. Gavilevic,
from mountainous Yugoslav has his own single
query: "Is it hilly or is it flat?"
The United Nations Organization is trying to
bring together a number of peoples of whom
some like it cold and some like it hilly. We must
not forget that we Americans are also putting on
a characteristic show of our political traits and
training at London; for ours is the only delega-
tion which quarrels among itself, and splits in
public, and has to be pulled together and soothed
by Mr. Byrnes, while mystified foreign reporters,
unaccustomed to this kind of cocky individual-
ism, watch and wonder.
There the thing stands, and it is wrong to
take severe moral positions regarding these
wide political and national differences; for it
is part of the spectacle that here, at last, have
been brought together in one place the single-
minded Bolshevik materialism of the Russians,
and our own much more formal, legal, seeming-
ly softer yet quite stubborn western approach;
and the object is not to suppress this clash, but
to see whether it can produce a third thing,
new and useful to the world. A novelist would
perhaps make the best reporter of what is now
going on; one who can note differences in
behavior without being frightened by them;
one who understands that it is these differences
which make this story great, and are, in fact,
the best of the story and of its wonder.
(Copyright, 1946, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
To the Editor:
WANT TO TAKE this opportunity
to congratulate your paper on the
fine editorial that appeared as of
Wednesday, January 9th, headed
The sensible thinking in this
article certainly commends your
editorial policy. The fact that you
emphasized "temporary" as much
as you did is extremely important.
We all are aware of how serious
the housing problem is and we are
making every effort in the world to
solve it. However, we do not want
to create in solving it a problem that
is much worse.
Again offering you my congratu-
lations, I remain
Mayor William E. Brown, Jr.
To the Editor:
LAST SATURDAY, I witnessed a
very unpleasant incident, and as
I found it against all the ideas I had
about the democratic way of living
of the American people, I couldn't do
anything else than make some com-
ments about it.
A friend of mine had a visitor
from Detroit; a girl who is a grad-
uate from another University and was
very interested in knowing something
about this University of Michigan and
the town where its students spend
some years of their lives. On Saturday
afternoon, they passed, a prominent
student gathering place in downtown
Ann Arbor and decided to go in and
have something to eat or drink.
They ordered a couple of beers and
sandwiches, and while they were wait-
ing for them, my friend saw a colored
boy who lives in his same house and
who is also a student in this Uni-
versity. He went out and asked him to
join them. This colored boy is a f or-
eign student who studies in the Post-
graduate school and is a man of whom
any. college should be proud to have
as a student.
The place was empty, with the
exception of one table which was
occupied. After ten minutes of wait-
'ing for the order, they still had not
received any service. Their guest
wanted something else, so my friend
went tothe counter and asked for
it. The answer was; "We don't have
it here, but even if we did have it,
we wouldn't serve it to you as long
as that Negro is at your table. We
don't want colored people here".
My friend went to his table, and
in order to avoid an embarrassing sit-
uation, asked his companion to go to
some other restaurant because meals
were not being served in that place.
Not knowing all of the situation and
thinking he would be served a little
faster, the colored boy went to the
counter and asked for the beer. The
bartender served him, perhaps be-
cause he thought that the customer
was looking for trouble. After that,
they cancelled the order and left the
I come from Puerto Rico, a small
island which is today a possession of
the U.S. I know that we latins, being
descendants from the Spanish, and
considered conservative in some ideas.
But, in my country colored people are
free to go to any restaurant, and
there they have the same rights as
any white person.
Americans are very practical in
many aspects of life, and I don't see
why they shouldn't be practical in
this racial discrimination towards
colored people. Ann Arbor has near-
ly 400 foreign students; most of
them have come here to learn
about the democratic way of living
of this country. Is that the way to
show us democracy? Do people vis-
iting places like that have a very
definite idea of the meaning of that
beautiful concept, about which so
much has been said in the last
GENERAL MOTORS officials have
respectfully declined to open their
books to show the President's fact-
finding board how prosperous the
company is. Their mothers probably
told them never to make a vulgar
display of their wealth.
* * *
Manufacturers complain that they
are unable to get the labor they need
at the present peacetime wage rates.
They would appreciate it if the
worker would stop trying to balance
his personal budget in this annoying
New Yorker, Jan. 12
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat-
WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 16, 1946
VOL. LVI, No. 52
Student Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to students
this afternoon from 4 to 6 o'clock.
To the Members of the Faculty-Col-
lege of Literature, Science, and the
There will be a special meeting of
the Faculty of the College of Litera-
ture, Science, and the Arts on Jan.
21 at 4:10 p.m., in Room 1025 Angell
Hall, for continued discussion of the
curriculum proposals. Large atten-
danceof the faculty is desired at this
Applications in Support of Re-
search Projects: To give Research
Committees and the Executive Board
adequate time to study all proposals,
it is requested that faculty members
having projects needing support dur-
ing 19.46-1947 file their proposals in
the Office of the Graduate School by
Friday, Feb. 8. Those wishing to re-
new previous requests whether now
receiving support or not should so in-
dicate. Application forms will be
mailed or can be obtained at Secre-
tary's Office, Room 1006 Rackham
Building, Telephone 372.
The Clements Library contem-
plates arranging an exhibition of rare
books owned by members of the Fac-
ulty of the University. The Director
of the Library would be happy to
hear from colleagues who think this
is a good idea and who would like to
participate by lending some rarity.
Entries are limited to one title per
Choral Union Members. Courtesy
passes for the Heifetz concert will be
issued to all members of the Chorus
whose attendance records are clear,
on the day of the concert, Friday,
Jan. 18, between the hours of 9:30
and 11:30 and 1 and 4. After 4 o'clock
no passes will be issued.
TWA Airlines: Miss Rotenhagen,
and Miss Davis willtbe in our office
Thursday, Jan. 17, to interview any
senior girls who are interesting in
being a hostess, stewardess, ticket
agent, or reservationist. Call the Bu-
reau of Appointments, University ext.
371, for appointment.
Senior Mechanical, Aeronautical)
and Industrial Engineering Students:
Mr. F. W. Powers of Pratt & Whitney
Aircraft, E. Hartford, Conn., will in-
terview for positions in that organi-
zation, Wednesday, Jan. 16, in Room
218 W. Engineering Bldg.
Students may sign the Interview
Schedule at Rm. 221 W. Eng. Bldg.
and fill out application blank in ad-
Mrs. Paul Robeson, author and an-
thropolgist, will speak tonight at 8:30
in Hill Auditorium on the subject
"The Negro and the Pattern of World
Affairs." Mrs. Robeson will be pre-
sented by the Oratorical Association
as a substitute for Richard Wright
on the Lecture Course. Tickets will
be on sale today from 10-1, 2-5,
7-8:30 at the auditorium box office.
Patrons holding Richard Wright tick-
ets are asked to use them for admis-
Professor Rensselaer Lee of Smith
College and the Institute for Ad-
vanced Study of Princeton will speak
on "Poussin and the Ancient world,"
at 4:15 p.m., Thurs., Jan. 17, in the
Rackham Amphitheatre; auspices of
the Dept. of Fine Arts. The public is
Dr. F. A. Vening Meinresz of the
University of Utrecht, Netherlands,
recent recipient of the Penrose Medal
of the Geological Society of America,
and well known for his measurements
of gravity anomalies at sea in con-
nection with areas of active move-
ment in the earth's crust, will give a
lecture on the topic, "Shearing of the
Earth's Crust and Shift of the Poles"
Thursday evening, Jan. 17, at 8:00
p.m. in Room 2082, Natural Science
History of Mathematics Seminar:
Tonight at 7-8 p.m., Angell Hall.
Professor Anning will speak on Or-
Choral Union Concert. J a s c h a
Heifetz, violinist, will give the sev-
epth program in the Choral Union
Detroit, in the Rackham Mezzanine
Galleries, under the auspices of the
College of Architecture and Design.
Jan. 16 through 31, daily except Sun-
day, afternoons 2-5, evenings 7-10.
The public is cordially invited.
The Broadcasting Service and the
School of Music present another pro-
gram in the "Epochs in Music" today
at 2:00-2:30 p.m. over Station WKAR
(870) featuring Music in England in
the XVII Century with an all Henry
Purcell Program. The following works
will be heard: Overture "The Rival
Sisters" for Piano (Miss Roberta
Booth) and String-ensemble (Misses
Joan Bullen, Arline Burt, Sarah Cos-
sum, Peggy Kay, Ruth Lindecker,
Dorothea Markus, Mary Jane Ward-
well, Virginia Yokum, Betty Yost;
Messrs Russel Howland, Milton
Weber, Perry Yaw); "Golden Son-
ata" for two violins .(Prof. Wassily
Besekirsky and Mr. Milton Weber)
and Piano (Assoc. Prof. Maud Okkel-
berg); Three Arias for Soprano (Miss
Shirley Marcellus) ; "Pavanne" for
String-ensemble; "Trumpet Volun-
tary" for Organ (Mr. Francis Hop-
per), Trumpets (Messrs. Nathan An-
derson, Robert Carson, William
Penn), Trombones (Messrs. Allen
Chase, Felix Mackerman, Miss Alice
Wisonesky) Drums (Messrs. Warren
Benson, Edward Riley). Commenta-
tor: Mrs. Max Crossman. The entire
program is under the direction and
supervision of Prof. Hanns Pick.
Ba i B'rith Hillel Foundation So-
cial Committee will meet Thursday
4:00 p.m. at the Hillel Foundation.
The attendance of all Social Commit-
tee members is requested. All inter-
ested in working on the Social Com-
mittee are invited to attend.
a Seminar on Expansion of Chris-
tianity: 4:30 today at Lane Hall Mr.
Littell will continue his discussions
on the expansion of Christianity.
Unity: Mrs. Eve Edeen will speak
on "The Secret Place of the Most
High" at the Wednesday evening
meeting of Unity at the Michigan
League Chapel, at 7:15 p.m.
A. I. E. E. There will be a meeting
of the Michigan Student Branch of
the American Institute of Electrical
Engineers today at 7:30 p.m. in the
Michigan Union. Prof. W. G. Dow
of the electrical engineering faculty
will speak on "Jamming the German
Radar." Plans will be made for a
trip to the Rouge Plant Feb. 1 and
also for the annual A. I. E. E. ban-
quet. And member desiring a copy
of the group picture should sign up
on the E. E. bulletin board. All stu-
dents of electrical engineering and
any others interested are invited to
attend this meeting.
Flying Club: There will be a short
business meeting tonight at 7:30 p.m.
in room 1042 E. Engineering Building.
All non-members interested, as well
as members, are urged to attend.
The Modern Poetry Club will meet
this evening in room 2331 Angell l~all
at 7:30. A general discussion will be
held and several poems written by
some of the members will be read.
Research Club: The January meet-
ing of the Research Club will be held
tonight at eight o'clock. Because of
the illness of Professor Hobbs there
has been a change in the program.
Professor D. B. McLaughlin will pre-
sent a paper on "Michigan Studies
of Novae," and Professor E. A. Phil-
ippson a paper on "New Finds and
New Methods in Germanic Religion."
Tea at the International Center:
The weekly informal teas at the In-
ternational Center on Thursdays,
from 4:00 to 5:30 p.m. are open to
all foreign students and thefr Ameri-
Phi Delta Kappa. There will be a
coffee hour on Thursday, Jan. 17, at
4 o'clock in the East Conference
Room of the Rackham Building.
President Ruthven will speak on
"Some Problems Regarding Admis-
sions to the University of Michigan."
Members of all chapters are cordially
Mortar Board will meet Thursday
evening, Jan. 17 at 7 o'clock in the
Undergraduate Office in the League.
The I.C.C. Educational Committee
will present a talk by Professor Lob-
anov-Rostovsky: "Causes of the Rus-
sian Revolution," Thursday evening,
Jan. 17, at 7:30 p.m. at Stevens Co-op,
816 Forrest. All are invited to attend
and participate in the bull session
afterwards. Refreshments will be
La Sociedad Ilispanica will hold
the fourth of its lecture series Thurs-
day, Jan. 17 at 8:00 p.m. in Kellog
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Having selected Defect and Collect as
the Quiz Show your Fairy Godfather
Will you ao to the studio
By Crockett Johnson
Your ignorance, m'boy, is touching. J. Darryl
O'Malley, who is about to produce a mighty