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January 16, 1946 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1946-01-16

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UNO

BEHAVIOR
See Fagg,

It uAuu

t*1

FAIR
CONTINUED COOL

VOL. LVI, No. 52 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 16, 1946

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Faculty Shortage
Faces U.S. Colleges
Conference Advocates Greater Use Of
Small Liberal Arts Schools-Keniston.
By CLAYTON DICKEY
The University and other educational institutions throughout the coun-
try are faced with the critical and difficult problem of acquiring adequate
teaching staffs to keep pace with increased enrollments, Dean Hayward
Keniston, of the literary college, declared yesterday.
Dean Keniston, who represented the University at the conference of the
Association of American Colleges in Cleveland, summed up the faculty prob-
lem as follows:
Because of wartime depletion of graduate schools, there is no back-
log of graduate students who would be eligible as instructors;

Briggs Gives
Plan To Fight
Housing- Need
Building Boom Will
Not Solve Problem
Answering Mayor William E.
Brown Jr.'s question, "How long is
temporary?" concerning the Univer-
sity's new temporary housing units,
Vice-president Robert P. Briggs said
yesterday that present plans call for
demolishing the structures in the
summer of 1948.
sriggs and Brown appeared in a
broadcast with Mrs. George Ross of
the Veterans Counseling Service,
speaking on "sousing in Ann Arbor"
at 1:15 p.m. yesterday over WAG.
Brown said that the city alone
needs 2,000 housing units, to make up
for the low rate of, building during
the 1930's while the city population
increased almost 100%, to 37,000
today. Only 87 houses were built in
the past four years. He predicted a
building boom during next summer,
but said it would not be big enough
to fill the need. Briggs set the Uni-
versity enrollment next iall at 15,000,
half of which would be veterans.
Students and wives of faculty
members were encouraged to take
part in the volunteer survey of extra
housing space in the city. The sur-
vey now has 100 volunteers, needs
150 more. Those interested should
contact Miss Bader 223 E. Ann St.,
phone 26551, at the CDVO office.
City residents who are in doubt as
to the legality of converting extra
space into apartment were encour-
aged to contact the city engineers'
office, which will inspect their homes
and give them required information.
FEPC Petitions
Sent Congress
Letters, Postals Total
1,310 in Campaign
A total of 650 letters to representa-
tives and senators in Congress and
petitions with 2,815 student signa-
tures will be sent to Washington, D.
C., as a result of the two-day campus
FEPC campaign which closed yes-
terday.
Sponsored by the FEPC sub-com-
mittee of the Committee for Liberal
Action's national and international
affairs group, in cooperation with
seven campus organizations, the cam-
paign was designed to put pressure on
Congress which reconvened Monday.
Telegrams urging the immediate pas-
sage of the Fair Employment Prac-
tices Commission legislation were sent
to 'Senator Alben Barkley by these
groups last month.
Approxiilately 225 individually
written letters, commending Mr. Tru-
man on his support of FEPC legis-
lation in his address to the nation,
were sent to the President, while 435
post cards were mailed to Rep. Joseph
E. Martin and Sen. Alben Barkley,
House and Senate leaders, respective-
ly. Of the form letters sent to mem-
bers of Congress, 420 were addressed
to representatives from Illinois, In-
diana, Kentucky, Michigan, Missouri,
Ohio, Oklahoma and Tennessee, who
have not signed the discharge peti-
tion to release the House bill from
the Rules Committee. Letters to sen-
ators from Alabama, Louisiana and
Mississippi, in addition to the above
states, totaled 230.
New Strike Affects
200,000 Workers
Jan. 15-(A)-A strike by 200,000
electrical workers-the largest single

walkout of the reconversion period-
+nda toor the limelighta nnn the

Present graduate students who
are Teaching Fellows cannot carry
a heavy teaching load because of
the great amount of time required
for regular studies.
Dean Keniston said he agreed with
the Cleveland conference's view that
greater use should be made of small
liberal arts colleges.
The conference reported that vet-
erans are crowding into about 100
large, well-known universities and
are shunning the small colleges-.
Dean Keniston said he believes
that many veterans will attend ol-
lege for only two years. Therefore,
junior colleges can help meet the
demand for veteran education.
The conference recommended that
a central clearing house be set up to
advise veterans of existing vacan-
cies in educational institutions
throughout the country.
Dean Keniston pointed out that
the small colleges have an even
greater problem in increasing their
faculties, because they have no
graduate schools for training.
"But the fact remains," he said,
"that the large universities cannot
handle all the veterans."
The government must provide
more housing and classroom space,
he declared, because "it is useless
to offer free education to the vet-
eran unless colleges and universi-
ties are given adequate facilities."
Dean Keniston noted the tendency
of many veterans who formerly at-
tended small colleges to seek admis-
sion to larger, more expensive insti-
tutions. He reported that many pri-
vately endowed universities are not
accepting transfer students, thus
throwing a greater burden on the
state universities which have more
liberal admission policies.
Expressing the hope that the
University will not attempt to. ac-
commodate too large an enroll-
ment, Dean Keniston said, "we
must meet the present emergency
with emergency measures, but we
must not lose sight of long-range
academic standards.".
On the general problems of higher
eduation, Dean Keniston said that
education must be used to promote
international understanding.
On the continuing problems of
teachers, he said that "unless fi-
nancial returns for teachers are in-
creased, qualified students will go
into industry or other fields."
On the problems of curricula, Dean
Keniston noted at the Cleveland
conference "a universal tendency to-
ward a more rigorously defined un-
dergraduate curriculum." He also
noted two approaches to general edu-
cation: (1) through a common body
of knowledge and (2) through com-
mon intellectual experience, or com-
mon discipline, in the sciences and
humanities.
Birds of a Feather
It happened in an economics
class.
The professor asked one student
a question. The reply was "I don't
know."
The professor asked another stu-
dent.
"I agree with him," was the re-
tort.
The professor became curious.
"Do you two study together," he
inquired?

MenottiOpera
To Be Given
Tonmrrow
'Fau stV Scene Will
Also Be Presented
Gian-Carlos Menotti's "Old Maid
and the Thief," to be presented to-
morrow, Friday and Saturday in the
Lydia Mendellsohn Theatre, is the
first successful American opera to
be written for radio.
First commissioned and performed
by the National Broadcasting Co. in
1939, it has had subsequent perform-
ances both by radio and theatre. It
has been produced recently by the
Philadelphia Opera Co., and by many
leading universities throughout the
country.
'Faust' Garden Scene
The opera, in addition to a per-
formance of the garden scene from
Gounod's "Faust," will be presented
by Play Production of the Department
of Speech, the School of Music and
the University Orchestra.
The "Faust" garden scene compris-
es the thirmd act of the grand opera
founded on Goethe's tragedy. It in-
cludes the famous "Jewel Song" of
Marguerite and the quartette of Mar-
guerite, Faust; Mephistopheles and
Martha.
The cast for "The Old Maid and
the Thief" will include Carolyn Street
as Miss Todd, Georgia Christophsen
as Miss Pinkerton, Doris Lawton as
Laetitia and Henry Austin as Bob.
Rose Derderian will be Marguerite
in "Faust." Barbara Lee Smith will be
Siebel, Guey Baker, Faust, Henry
Austin, Mephistopheles and Charlotte
Boehm, Martha.
Production Director
Prof. Valentine Windt. will direct
the production, assisted2 by Prof.
William Revelli, Dr. Earl V. Moore
and Prof. Arthur Hackett as musical
directors.
Performances will be given at 8:30
p.m. Thursday and Saturday and 3:30
Friday. Tickets may be purchased at
the theatre box office which will be
open every day from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m.
and from 2 to 5 p.m.#
Meeting For
Coed Advisers
An activities meeting will be held
at 4 p.m. today in the ballroom of the
League for all women who are inter-
ested in petitioning for spring and
fall orientation adviser positions.
The duties of the adviser and the
entire orientation schedule will be
explained at the meeting by Betty
Vaughn, chairman of freshman or-
ientation, and Natalie Maguire, chair-
man of transfer orientation. A mem-
ber of Judiciary Council will explain
the procedure of petitioning and in-
terviewing.
Petitioning for the positions of
freshmanand transfer advisers is
now open to all juniors, sophomores,
and second semester freshmen. The
petitions will be due at noon Satur-
day in the Judiciary box in the Un-
dergraduate Office of the League. Pe-
titions may be obtained in the Social
Director's Office of the League.
The petition is to be made out in
full and is to contain the candidate's
ideas and plans for the orientation
period. Constructive criticisms of past
orientation periods should be included
in the petition.
Interviews will be held from 1:15E

p.m. to 5 p.m. Tuesday, Wednesday
and Friday, Jan. 22, 23, 25, and at
the same hours Tuesday, Jan. 29.
Candidates are asked to sign on the
interviewing sheets which are posted
in the Undergraduate Office.
Those coeds who were orientation
advisers for the 1945 fall term and
whose services will again be needed
will be notified by postcard and need
not petition or be interviewed by Ju-
diciary Council.

From

Music

Union

by

Petrillo;

VO To Sponsor Rally
xc e o MarciDi
Stuent To Will Help Polio Vic
BDiscussedFour Hundred BoxesMoney Used
Need for student exchange and Placed on Campus Wherever Ne
aims of the VO International Student
Exchange Committee will be dis- More than 400 dime boxes have "The community gi'
cussed by four speakers at an all- been distributed throughout the for use among polio v
campus rally at 7:30 p.m. tomorrow dorms, fraternity and sorority houses, see to it that it is used
in the International Center. and local merchants' stores in the needed regardless of
Enrique Rogers of Chile, Eric S. W. University drive to secure funds for status of the patient,"
Cheo of China, Rostislov A. Galuzev- the nation-wide polio drive, it was Ketcham, chairman fo
ski of Russia, foreign exchange stu- announced yesterday by Jean Gaff- naw County March of
dents on campus, and Dr. James ney, head of the women's committee. paign said in an interv
Brett Kenna of the First Methodist All asked to give Pointing out the su
Church in Ann Arbor will be the Although no quota has been set required for care of
speakers. for University students and faculty Miss Ketcham said
to meet, it is hoped, said George s945 echi f t
The VO International. Student Spaulding, chairman of the men's ' exclusive o tI
Exchange Committee sent letters committee, that all will give to make December, $11,535 w
to student groups at other univer- this one of the greatest drives possible care of the 43 cases
sities in efforts to create interest in in memory of the late President Hospital. "It has be
legislation providing for the mass Roosevelt. that the average cost
exchange of undergraduate stu- Half the dimes collected throughout patient is somewhere
dents. They support Senator Wil- the county will be retained to defray 500 but with additio
liam Fulbright's proposal to expe- the expenses of fighting polio in in- tures for nurses andc
dite the inauguration and opera- dividual cases. The remaining amount erations, it usually r
tion of a' system of foreign stu- will be sent to the National Founda- she said.
dent exchanges. Senator Ful- tion for Infantile Paralysis where the "Last year, our exp
bright's measure would give the money will be used in the broad na- ceeded by $4,000 th
State Department use of govern- tional battlefront. The funds will fi- money we received
ment funds to dispatch and main- nance investigations in an effort to March of Dimes Can
tain American students at foreign devise new treatments, preventives or Ketcham added. She
universities. cures for infantile paralysis. overdraft expenditure w
Rostislov A. Galuzevski was born in Larger grants than have ever been ing residual funds f
Russia and graduated from a French receivedhfor investigation have been years.
University and Roberts American given the University. The research "In addition to th
Engineering College in Istanbul, Tur- carried on by this money has made new cases in any on
key. He has traveled extensively in possible the best treatment known to are also cases that car
Europ e asitr Far East. His topic man in caring for 43 persons in Wash- previous epidemic yea
will be "Student Exchange in Rela- tenaw County who were afflicted in be treated," Miss Ket(
wilb~SuetExhnei ea 1945 with the disease, out. "There is a long
tion to Russia." Galuzevski is presi- Great movement examination and ova
dent of the Graduate Council here In speaking of the current drive, said, "Patients return
on campus. Miss Virginia Schumacher, chairman for periodic checkup
Enrique Rogers, a native of of the Washtenaw County campaign, must have shoes presc
Chile, is here as an exchange stu- said, "This intensive fight against in- tered for the individu
dent after serving 9 years with the fantile paralysis is undoubtedly the Not all patients have
Chilean navy. His subject will be greatest voluntary d humanitariantNotal. "Otensf
the "Betterment of Inter-American movement in the recorded history of the hospital. "One of
Relations Through Student Ex- mankind. It has enlisted the personal Warm Springs Four
change." Eric S. W. Cheo from interest and contributions of a ma-Wg
China will discuss the work done by jority of Amnerica's adult population. year, Miss Ketcham s
organized groups of Chinese stu- It exists only and through your con- number have gone to r
dents during the war and the need tinluing support. saidntha Cotgrs ave
for more exchange scholarships to aid that others have r
promote better understanding be- ment in Farmington, N
tween nations ir corS y Funds raised by t
Dimes Drive in Wash'
Dr. James Brett Kenna will express dswill be divided equally
his ideas on how the exchange of stu-URadiO eelsNational Foundationa
dents can be a medium for interna- community. Patients f
tional goodwill and understanding in tikl e Grad s Chelsea, Dexter and ot
his speech at the Rally. ing cities are treated a
__Occasionally patients
"Radio needs more and more col- tending the University
SIIA.W iflEdit lege people", declared Judith Waller, are cared for at the h
director of public service for the Na- -
.Mtional Broadcasting Co., in a lecture
New Ma az me yesterday before an assembly of 'U' rs.Robe
speech students.
,Speaking on "Career In Radio", "
Insight' Designed To Miss Waller said that the student in- G ive 4
Stimulate 'U' Students terested in radio should secure a good
cultural background in such subjects Will Discuss
Those red poster signs with "In- as English, history, languages and
sight" staring at you in that race psychology before attempting special- Of Negro in
across campus to a late 8 o'clock is ization. "We feel that the colleges and
noannosampustobatprfes orloruniversities should teach the funda- Mrs. Paul Robeson,
not an innovation by a professor or mentals of broadcasting, while we and anthropologist, wil
the University at large lut the title specialize in advanced work at our Negro and the Pattern
of a new magazine edited by the Stu- institutes developed for that purpose", fairs" at 8:30 p.m. tod
dent Religious Association. Miss Waller said. ditorium, under the s
The magazine's purpose is to stim- "Radio is a man's business, whether the Oratorical Associat
ulate and awaken interest in student we like it or not", Miss Waller said. The wife of Paul F
participation in campus affairs, as However, she pointed out that there brated baritone, Mrs.F
well as better understanding of vital are good opportunities for women in a B.S. degree in chemi
problems in society as a whole. writing, advertising, sales promotion lumbia University and
The first issue will go on sale and more recently in control room gree in anthropology.
January 25. It will discuss the value techniques. "Undoubtedly there will She is the authorc
of student government and the stu- be more opportunities for them when "Paul Robeson, Negro"
dents' role in shaping the curriculum. frequency modulation becomes com- Journey" in which sh
The staff is headed by Joyce Sie- mon", she added. Miss Waller said oppressive yoke under
gan, editor of the magazine, with that the field with the best chances of black men live. Du
Jean Kilpatrick, assistant editor, and for success is writing. "We need peo- Mrs. Robeson was an
Keitha Harmon, manager of the busi- ple that have ideas and who can ex- with the Motor Corps c
ness staff. press them", she emphasized. Red Cross.

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Tomorrow
v Board Hears
rms Director of
4ocilyMuscCamp,
Jocall HSic 1
ded By The Associated Press
CHICAGO, Jan. 15 - Dr. Joseph
us money E. Maddy, founder and director of
ims and we the National Music Camp at Inter-
herever it is lochen, Mich., emerged from a closed
ie financial session of the AmericanFederation
iss Dorothy of Musicians executive board today
he Washte- and said he believed he would be
)imes Cam- "thrown out" of the union, of which
w yesterday. he has been a member for 37 years.
of money He had been summoned to the
io victims hearing by James C. Petrillo; AFL
at during union president, to show cause why
month f he should not be expelled on charges
sn or of teaching music at Interlochen and
Uniesty thereby engaging in acts detrimen-
Unversity tal to the union.
estimated
.r year per Testifies at Closed Session
round $2,- After testifying at the session,
, expendi- Maddy told reporters he believed
er consid- there would be no announcement for
s higher," two or three days. Asked if he had
any idea of the probable outcome,
however, he said:
ditures ex "Oh yes, I'll be thrown out."
amount of Maddy declared the issue was "un-
irough the questionably a personal feud because
aign," Miss Petrillo just doesn't like me and he
id that the doesn't like music education." He
met by us- said the board wouldn't permit him
m previous to discuss the union's ruling that the
camp was unfair. The camp was
number of placed on the AFM unfair list in Jan-
year, there uary, 1945.
over from 'Violated' By-Laws
that must Charles Agley of Los Angeles, AFM
m pointed vice-president, asserted, however,
xiod of re- that the controversy "never has been
tion," she one between Petrillo and Maddy -
the clinic it is between the federation and
and often Maddy on the question of violation
ed and a- of its laws."
case. "The specific charge against Mr.
emained at Maddy is that after the executive
ur patients board had placed Interlochen Camp
go to the on the unfair list, Maddy, a member
ation, last of the AFM, violated the constitu-
ted, "and a tion and the by-laws by playing and
he Oakland rendering services for and at such
time." She camp," Bagley declared in a state-
eived treat- ment.
h. Will Continue To Fight
March of "If I am dismissed from the union,"
aw County Maddy said in an interview, "I will
etween the continue to fight for the freedom of
d the local musical education in this country.
n Ypsilanti, I do not need to be a member of the
x neighbor- union to earn alivelihood, but I be-
he hospital. lieve in the objectives of the union
o were at- and know the union to be necessary."
hen striken Maddy, who is professor of radio
ital. music instruction at the University
of Michigan, declared the union "has
no jurisdiction over the teaching of
on music" and that Petrillo was "throt-
tling" the future of his union by his
action against the camp.
k - "I intend to continue teaching mu-
sic and to fight any and all restric-
tive bans or edicts that would inter-
fere with the rights of educators to
orld teach and children to study music,"
he added in a written statement.
ted lecturer
liscuss "The T
World Af- ive
in Hill Au-
nnsorship of
of . of PhLippines
beson, cele-
beson holds egins Today
y from Co-
Ph.D. de- With a goal of $7,500 the drive
for the University of Philippines fund
two books, will begin today and extend through
nd "African Jan. 26.
depicts the The money raised will be used to
ich millions aid in rehabilitation of the Philip-
ng the war, pine school. At a recent all-campus
tive worker election, that institution was chosen
'ision of the to be recipient of Michigan endeav-

ors to help a war-ravaged university.
As a general rule the money col-
lected in local drives is pooled in
the national WSSF fund from which
it is allocated into the most needy
channels. However, since the Uni-
versity of Michigan has elected to
aid one specific foreign university,
the Philippines, the campus WSSF
drive this year will be held in co-
ers. Russia operation with the Student Organi-
e such an zation for International Cooperation
explaining and will be for the University of the
ment feels Philippines only.
evolved by
disadvan- Gohdes To Lecture
'serves in-
esent eco- A AtRackham Today

Maddy Expects

To Be Dismissed

SOLUTION FOR INT ERNA T IONA L DISPUTES:
Prof. Preuss Urges Compulsory Arbitration

By MARY BRUSH
"If the United States now takes
a stand approving compulsory arbi-
tration of international disputes,
it is probably safe to say that all
other countries, with the exception
of the Soviet Union, will follow
suit," Prof. Lawrence Preuss, of
the political science department,

would mean that in case a dispute
arose between the United States
and any other nation also accept-
ing the obligation, either party
could cause the matter to be
brought before the Court, without
any further agreement. The Court's
decision in such a case would be
ui mliii

emplified by Coughlin's claim that
membership involved a surrender
of sovereignty, Prof. Preuss said.
"There is no surrender of sover-
eignty in this proposal. We are
merely exercising our sovereignty
in agreeing to a reciprocal obliga-
tion."
Pointinn-it tht +he-+ +ho TTnr+da Cia

"I think it will. The only danger is
that since we have already joined
the court, it will be hard to arouse
interest in making its jurisdiction
compulsory."
There is strong bi-partisan support
for the measure. It has even received
the support of such an isolationist as
pn_ Rnhpnt rTsft _Prnf . pcusqo aa

ceptable to all the powe
is not at all likely to acce
obligation," he said,
that the Russian govern
that the form of lawe
western states would be
tageous if applied to d
volving it under the pr
nomin gvctarm

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