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January 11, 1946 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-01-11

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:43 a t tis




aftersinLawClubDning Room Stage



Chinese Civil
Strife Ends +
In Settlement
Political Parties
Proclaimed Equalt
By The Associated Press1
CHINGKING, Jan. 10-A truce in
civil strife and a new era of politicalt
freedom for Communists and all
other parties in China "were an-1
nounced today after two dramatic,
eleventh-hour conferences arranged
by Gen. George C. Marshall, Ameri-
can mediater.
The former U. S. Army Chief. of
Staff-dispatched to China by Presi-
dent Truman as a special envoy-J
went into action when truce negotia-
tions appeared to be breaking down
last night.
Swift Developments
Before noon there were these swift
Both sides ordered an immediate
cessation of hostilities and a halt to
all troop movements, except for
transport of government forces in
Manchuria and south of the Yangtze
Chou En-Lai, negotiator and head
of the Communist delegation,praised
Marshall's assistance and Chiang's
determination for peace and said the
"cease-fire" orders were going out
New Session Opens
Chiang Kai-Shek, opening China's
unity session of the political consul-
tation conference, announced that1
the government had decided to grant1
the people freedom of person, con-
science, speech, publication and as-'
sociation and safeguard them
against illegal arrest.
Chiang announced that all politi-
cal parties-including the long-out-1
lawed Communist Party-would be;
equal before the law and could oper-
ate openly.
Popular Elections
Chiang promised that local self-
government would be promoted
throughout China and popular elec-
tions would be held.
The truce came suddenly and un-
expectedly after the government
bogged down negotiations with a de-
mand that its troops be permitted to
occupy certain strategic areas of the
northern provinces of Jehol and
Chou described as something un-
precedented the relations between
the Kuomintang and Communists as
a result of today's truce, reached
after 18 years of almost continual
Jap Admiral
Did Not Make
Boast -- Nimitz
MIAMI, Fla., Jan. 10-(M)-Fleet
Admiral Chester W. Nimitz tonight
exploded as a propaganda hoax, per-
petrated by Japan's militaristic hier-
archy, the reported boast by Admiral
Yamamoto that he would dictate
peace terms in the White House.
Speaking before some 300 members
of the Associated Press Managing
Editors Association, the new chief of
N. S. Naval Operations called upon
the United States to maintain a
mighty sea power "whose purpose
transcends self-defense and self-pro-
tection and aims at fostering interna-
tional security. ."
"Adm. Yamamoto was reputed to
have bragged he would dictate peace
in the White House," Adm. Nimitz
told the newspaper executives. "We
believed he made that boast; more

importantly, the Japanese people be-
lieved he made that boast.
"But since the end of the war, we
have learned from Japanese sources
that Yamamoto never said anything
of the kind; in fact, he had such a
healthy respect for the United States
that he said quite the opposite."
Nimitz said the militaristic Japan-
ese government lifted a single sen-
tence from the context of a state-
ment by the Jap naval chief

Phone Strike Postponed;
UA W To Hear Proposal
By The Associated Press
The labor-management front appears brighter today-at least in two
ERS has postponed plans for picketing telephone exchanges in 44 states
today, Ernest Weaver, president of the union, announced last night follow-
ing a last minute request by Secretary of Labor Schwellenbach that the
picket plan be abandoned.
Negotiations between the Western Electric company and the installa-
tions workers broke down completely last night, but a nationwide phone tie-
up apparently will be averted at least for the present. Pickets had been or-
dered for six Michigan cities-Detroit, Grand Rapids, Saginaw, Kalamazoo,
Jackson and Port Huron; Barney Hawkins, vice-president of Detroit Local
38, stated that Michigan switchboard operators and other workers had
agreed not to cross the picket line if it should be set up.

Of Protest
Not Made


Food Issues

Canvass for Vet Housing
To Begin Here Thursday
A door-to-door survey in an attempt to find approximately 1,000 units
of dwelling space for veterans in Ann Arbor will get underway next Thursday.
The investigators will seek rooms not being rented at present in a move
to alleviate the present critical housing shortage for veterans. Final plans
for the canvass, which is sponsored by the University and the City Common
Council, were announced after a steering committee meeting last night.
Meeting Thursday
Mayor William Brown and University Vice-President Robert Briggs will
launch the campaign at a meeting Thursday night at the Union. At that
time, information forms, credentials and final instructions will be given
out. About 150 more volunteers are urgently needed for the survey, which
now his 98 registrants.
"It is fairly evident that rooms usually rented are all occupied," a mem-
ber of the survey steering committee said last night. "We hope," he con-
tinued, "that rooms never rented before will be revealed by the canvass."
Completed by Feb. 1 4 _


Involved in Dispute

Pressing FEPC
Problems Told
At Town Hall
E. M. Swan Discusses
Displaced Workers
FEPC's most pressing problem is
that of funneling the displaced group
of workers into the pre-war indus-
trial market in which they have never
been absorbed, according to Edward
M. Swan, regional FEPC director for
Michigan, Ohio and Kentucky.
Speaking before campus FEPC
committee members at a Town Hall
meeting last night, Swan outlined the
problems faced by FEPC and gave a
brief history of its development. In-
cluded on the panel were Rev. Ed-
ward Redman of the Unitarian
Church and Terrill Whitsit, president
of IRA.
The meeting was held in connec-
tion with the campus drive, Monday
and Tuesday, for signatures on peti-
tions to be sent to congressmen. The
petitions will ask for the immediate
presentation to the House floor of
the FEPC bill, now in the Rules Com-
mittee, and for the introduction of
an FEPC bill to the Senate.
Swan explained that the job of the
FEPC has been to get workers in
minority groups trained in technical
industrial skills, provide them with
jobs in industry and see that they ac-
quire jobs which fit their training.
Terrill Whitsit, in indicating ave-
nues of student action, recom-
mended original letters and wires to
congressmen, investigating and pub-
licizing discriminatory tactics in Ann
Arbor, and contacting campuses
throughout the country to stimulate
student feeling on the FEPC.
Rev. Redman explained the con-
tents of FEPC bills now pending in
congress and declared that, to be
successful, the new permanent com-
mittee must have more power than
the old.
NIip . Government
Mayv Quit Today
Report Premier Will
Continue Is Denied
TOKYO, Friday, Jan. 11()-Pre-
mier Kijuro Shidehara's cabinet met
in regular session today, and a sourse
at the Premier's official residence-
usually well informed-predicted it
would resign en bloc.
This source said he expected the
resignation would be announced to-
day or tomorrow. He denied a Kyodo
News Agency story that Shidehara
had decided to remain in office while
dropping only a few ministers from
his cabinet to comply with General
MacArthur's political purge degrees.
Kyodo said the general elections,
scheduled tentatively for this month,
would be delayed, possibly for two
more months.
Liquor Law Change
Favored by Mayor
Speaking as the father of four Uni-
versity students, Mayor William E.
Brown, Jr., said yesterday that he f a-
vors the lowering of the state liquoi
law age requirement to legalize the
sale of beer to persons 20 years of
Mayor Brown characterized the
nronosed amendment to the Ann Ar-

stated he would suggest to the Gen-
eral Motors Corporation that the 19% V
cent hourly wage increase proposed
yesterday by the President's fact-
findingboard to be used as a base rate
for 1941 production levels and that
provisions be negotiated whereby
this base rate be increased as higher
levels of production are reached. The
fact-finders recommendation, which
they asserted could be complied with
without raising the price of cars, will
be submitted to a national confer-
ence of GM workers in Detroit Sun-
corp. and the CIO United Steelwork-
ers will resume negotiations at 2 p.m.
today in an attempt to ward off the
proposed walk-out of 700,000 steel-
workers Monday. The delegations,
headed by Benjamin F. Fairless, cor-
poration president, and Phillip Mur-
ray, president of the CIO and the
steel union, adjourned yesterday
without announcing what progress
had been made. The steelworkers
are asking a $2 a day wage boost.
pay 50 cents a hundred pounds more
for all the meat it buys was rejected
yesterday by Armour and Company
and Swift and Company, and the
possibility of a nationwide meat in-
dustry strike was termed very serious
by U. S. Conciliation Chief Edgar L.
Warren. The two meat packers
turned down the proposal on the re-
spective grounds that it was "wholly
inadequate" tQ meet union demands
and that "it must be regarded as im-
practical because it would cover only
the first three months of 1946 and
carries no assurance as to volume.,
MYDA Food Plans
Await Approval.
MYDA's plans for a campaign to
collect food for families of GM strik-
ers await approval by the Student
Affairs Committee, according to Har-
riet Ratner, president of the organi-
Committees to make the plans were
chosen at yesterday's meeting, but
final action must be approved by the
deans. Also awaiting approval by the
Student Affairs Committee are plans
to affiliate MYDA with American
Youth for Democracy.
The background of the strike situ-
ation and its significance in relation
to the entire domestic scene was ex-
plained at the meeting by Neal Loeser.
This review began a program of news
reports on the strike situation to be
given at each future meeting of
Also discussed at the meeting were
plans for the petition campaign to
support state legislation on veter-
ans' housing.

Three hundred civilian and Army
JAG students served themselves cafe-
teria style in the usually well-attend-
ed Lawyers Club dining room last
All but six of the 45 regularly em-
ployed waiters walked out in spon-
taneous protest prior to the dinner
hour. Issue was taken by the waiters
when they were served roast beef for
dinner while the remaining guests
were given steaks.
No Formal Statement
While no formal statement of griev-
ances had yet been made, as far as
could be learned last night, the pro-
test also involves a wage issue. The
waiters, who pay prices for their
meals equal to those paid by Lawyers
Club residents, supplementing wages
with cash payments, protest partic-
ularly that they are served less choice
foods or left-overs.
The basic wage rate of the waiters
is 55 cents per hour, the standard
wage in all University dining rooms.
Meeting Last Night
The head waiter and a few of the
regular men met last night with Prof.
Grover C. Grismore, secretary-treas-
urer of the law school and Miss M. A.
Bailie, assistant director of the club.
Following the meeting Prof. Gris-
more asserted that he had not been
See WALKOUT, Page 2
Ball Features
Edwards' Band
One of the most colorful social
events of the University year, the
all-campus semi-formal Interna-
tional Ball will be held from 9 p.m.
to 1 a.m. today in the Union Ball-
room with Jerry Edwards' orches-
tra providing the music.
Coat-of-arms Decorations
Decorations for the ball, prepared
by Rackham Fellowship artist Ed-
ward Salgado, will take the form of a
series of shields representing the
coat-of-arms of fifteen foreign coun-
tries, upon which is inscribed the
word "welcome" in each nation's lan-
Also on display will be a silk scroll
presented this week to the Interna-
tional Center by Dr. Alexandro S.
Garreton, Chilean heart specialist
now studying procedure and organi-
zational methods at University hos-
pital, on behalf of the Rotary Clubs
of Santiago de Chile as a token of
Native Dress To Be Worn
Many foreign students will wear
native dress to the ball, which, said
publicity chairman Robert Klinger,
"may be covered pictorially and edi-
torially by a national magazine." A
floor show featuring bagpipe music,
and Scotch, Spanish and Filipino
dances will be presented at intermis-
Late permission until 1:30 a.m. has
been granted to all women students
and army personnel attending the
dance. Tickets are still available,
Klinger said, at the Union, the
League, the International Center and
from members of the executive coun-
cil of the All-Nations Club, sponsor-
ing organization.

Committee members hope to have
the survey completed by Feb. 1. In-
formation collected will be made a-
vailable to University and local vet-
The canvass will be similar to the
one conducted in 1942, which revealed
900 unoccupied rooms and apart-
ments. The investigation is being
broken down into block units, each of
which will be supervised by a mem-
ber of the Junior Chamber of Com-
merce. Local civic organizations are
being asked to canvass their own
Rent Ceilings
The OPA has been asked to supply
information on determining rent ceil-
ings on rooms which are discovered.
Arrangements will also be made to
provide house owners with suitable
tenants if they want any work done
on the premises as part of the rental
Miss Edith Bader of the Volunteer
Organization of Ann Arbor is chair-
man of the survey steering committee.
The survey bureau is at her office in
the armory.
Guldberg Heads Block Leaders
Carl Guldberg of the Junior'Cham-
ber of Commerce is in charge of the
block supervisers. Mrs. Fred Spar-
row, of the Michigan Alumnae As-
sociation, is preparing information
booklets for the survey.
Other members of the steering
committee are Dougal Duncanson, of
the local real estate board and Amer-
ican Legion chapter; J. Wayne Mead-
ows, of the Ann Arbor Bank; Mrs.
William Cooch, commander of the
local American Legion Auxiliary;
Robert Audette and Herbert Lossing
of AVC; Russell Wilson and Clinton
Haas of VO; Harold Robinson, a lo-
cal veteran; Mrs. W. J. Armstrong,
of the Women's Club; and Bernard
Shaw, of the U. S. Employment Ser-
Trust Fund Is
Sought by Kelly*
Insuring Vets from
Want Is Plan's Aim
LANSING, Mich., Jan. 10-(R)-
Governor Kelly agreed tonight to ask
the special session of the Legislature
to establish Michigan's $51,000,000
veterans reserve fund as a "perma-
nent trust fund," the income from
which would be used to insure veter-
ans and their dependents against
The Governor made his announce-
ment after a conference with the
State Veterans Advisory Council,
representing veterans of World War
I and II and the Spanish American
The announcement came a few
hours after Kelly had disclosed he
would postpone the start of the ses-
sion from Jan. 28 to Feb. 4.

Men To Occupy
Victor Vaughan
Victor Vaughan House, one of the
women's dormitories in the Univer-
sity residence hall system this semes-
ter, will be returned to medical stu-
dents and three fraternity houses
will be returned to their members at
the end of this term.
This means that there are approxi-
mately 260 more women for whom
the Office of the Dean of Women
will have to provide residences be-
fore the beginning of the spring term.
Dean Alice M. Lloyd personally
made the announcement to the 182
residents of Vaughan House yester-
day. Although it was originally un-
derstood that the dormitory would
continue as a women's residence un-
til next year, the great increase in
male students makes it necessary to
house medical students and possibly
veterans in Victor Vaughan.
The fraternity houses, now being
occupied by women, to be returned to
their owners are: Geddes House to
Delta Tau Delta; Hill House to Phi
Gamma Delta; and Chi Psi Lodge to
Chi Psi.
Dean Lloyd said that the Univer-
sity would do everything in its power
to place the girls in other dormitories
or possibly League Houses as quickly
as possible in spite of increasing
housing problems in Ann Arbor.
Availl ouses to Vets
Naval personnel will occupy only
four of the eight houses in the West
Quadrangle next semester, it was
announced yesterday by Capt. Wood-
son Michaux, commandant of the
University Naval unit.
The other four houses will be a-
vailable to veterans who will arrive
here for a refresher course beginning
Jan. 21, he said, and Navy men will
be moved into four houses instead
of the six they occupy at present.
Two houses already are being used
by civilian men.
UAW Requests
FCC Hearing
Radio Station Policy
Is Inquiry Subject
DETROIT, Jan. 10 -(?)- The
United Automobile Workers (CIO)
said today it had asked the Federal
Communications Commission for an
immediate hearing to determine the
"policy of freedom of speech" of ra-
dio station WKRC at Cincinnati, O.
The Union petition, signed by Pres-
ident R. J. Thomas and Region 2-A
Director Paul E. Miley, stated that
WKRC had agreed to broadcast a
"series of programs presented by the
Catholic Church on many questions
engaging public attention."
"Three broadcasts on the program
were carried," it continued, "but the
station said it could not be the vehicle
for the expression of the views of the
Catholic Church on the rights of la-
Property Damage
From Flood Mounts
()-Flood waters which caused 23
deaths in five southern states con-
tinued to recede yesterday, but prop-
erty damage mounted and hundreds
of persons were still hmeless.

UNO Elects
Spaak Head
Of Assembly
Attlee Is Keynoter
At Initial Meeting
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Jan. 10-A new world's
peace organization was founded to-
day in bomb-scarred London with
Great Britain's Prime Minister Attlee
challenging all peoples to choose be-
tween "life or death" and outlaw
' Moving swiftly, the United Nations
Assembly elected as its first president
Belgian Foreign Minister Paul Henri
Spaak, then adjourned until tomor-
Dr. Angel Opens Session
The new chapter in man's age-long
struggle for peace began when Dr.
Eduardo Zuleta Angel, of Colombia,
temporary president, called the first
General Assembly into session at
Central Hall on Parliament Square,
one of the few large assembly places
untouched by Britain's six years of
Delegates of 51 nations, acting for
90 per cent of people of the world,
listened intently as the British Prime
Minister outlined two main tasks for
them-the'creation of a special com-
mission to work out atomic energy
controls and organization of an
eleven nation Security Council to act,
by force if necessary, to prevent or
suppress wars.
Attlee's Plea
Attlee made this somber plea for
international harmony:
"The coming of the atomic bomb
was only the last of a series of warn-
ings to mankind that unless the
powers of destruction could be con-
quered, immense ruin and almost
annihilation would be the lot of the
most highly civilized portions of
Some 2,000 statesmen and women
sat at the rows of shiny, natulral fin-
ish oak tables set in a semi-circle in
the white-walled hall, the main
meeting place of England's Meth-
odists. A golden map of the world
from a North Polar projection, which
has become the unofficial symbol of
the United Nations, hung behind the
speaker's platform.
Senate Group
To Probe Army
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 10-A Senate
military subcommittee was assigned
today to look into a demobilization
situation which chairman Edwin C.
Johnson (D-Colo) said had brought
"near mutiny" in the Army.
Several top Army staff officers at
European theater headquarters de-
clared that "we have commitments
in Europe and cannot walk off and
leave them."
Fill Theatre in Korea
Thousands of soldiers who more
than filled a theatre at Seoul, Korea,
asked today for a Congressional in-
vestigation of demobilization. Thous-
ands more demonstrated last night in
Along with demonstrations in Ha-
waii and Korea, there i rte scono
in two nights at European thater
headquarters at Frankfurt, Germany.
Before the Frankfurt meeting, 100
men picked from all army units in
Europe spent two and a half hours at

a question and answer conference
called by Maj. Gen. Harold P. Bull,
acting for Gen. Joseph T. McNarney,
who is attending a four-power meet-
ing in Berlin.
Paper Muzzled
In Honolulu, the mid-Pacific edi-
tion of the Stars and Stripes, Army
newspaper, was ordered to make no
discourteous references to the Presi-
dent, secretary of war, chief of staff
or other Army authorities. The order
came from Lt.. Gen. Robert C. Rich-
ardson, Jr., commander of mid-Pa-
cific Army forces.
Eberbach Company
PavCFineto PAg

Dresden Discusses Atomic Energy

"The atomic bomb is a weapon of
saturation and the word secret can-
not be applied to atomic energy in
any sense." Max Dresden declared
at the American Veterans' Commit-
tee meeting last night,
The two main points brought out
by Mr. Dresden werebthat world se-
crecy of the atomic bomb should be
abolished and the atomic energy
should be made safe for human use
and not destruction.
"Physics is a science that is read,
and taught the world over," he said.

"The chances of survival when the
atomic bomb strikes are practically
nil, and complete defense against
any bomb or weapon has not yet been
discovered. During the last war 90
per cent of the V-1 bombs were shot
down. At this rate one out of ten
bombs would reach its destination.
This would be enough to destroy the
city of Bristol." "Any person who
makes the statement that the United
States can keep the atomic energy a
secret forever is an example of un-
adulterated stupidity of the highest

Immediately after the speech and
an open discussion, the Ann Arbor
chapter of the AVC unanimously
voted to endorse the following reso-
lutions . . . (a) the immediate dis-
continuance of production of atomic
bombs in the United States. (b) full
regulation of atomic power utilities
by UNO. (c) full control of produc-
tion and stock of atomic weapons by
UNO. (d) Full investibation by UNO
of facilities for atomic energy pro-
duction and research in all countries



TODAY - Ship's Ball will be held
from 9 p.m. to 1 a.m. in Water-
man Gymnasium.
TODAY - International Ball will

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