THE MICHIGAN DAILY
G.I. Mark Blasts Brass Hats
OFF THE FENCE:
UAW Defends Real National Interest
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Boardl of Control
of Student Publications.
Ray Dixon ......Man Mg ngEditor
Robert Goldman.. . . . . . . . . City Editor
Betty Roth . . . . . . . . . . Editorial Director
Margaret Farmer . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Arthur J. Kraft . . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Bill Mullendore.. . . . . Sports Editor
Mary Lu Heath.. . . . . Associate Sports Editor
Ann Schutz .. . Women's Editor
Dona uinaraes . . . . Associate Women's Editor
Dorothy Flint . . . . . . . . . Business Manager
Joy Altman . . . . . . . Associate Business Mgr.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches. credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
REPRESENTED FOR NAT1ON.L AVERTIZING BY
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Pablisbers Representative
420 MADIsoN Ave. 'NEW YORK. N. Y.
CHICAGO . BOSTON . LOS ANGELES . SAN FRANCISCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46
NIGHT EDITOR: LIZ KNAPP
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
YESTERDAY Michigan Youth for Democratic
Action staged a campaign against American
intervention in China.
Almost coinciding with the Government's
decision to "put teeth" into our foreign policy
in China, the drive was commendable and
provided a means of focussing student at-
tention on the unfairness of our intervention.
Members of MYDA offered information at ta-
bles in Angell Hall and in front of the General
Library and circulated petitions at these posts.
The reactions of passersby, who were asked to
sign the petitions, varied from apathetic uncon-
cern to embittered invectives. Many students
endorsed the attitude expressed on the posters
protesting the loss of American lives in China's
civil war. One sign pointed out that 5,000 Ma-
rines have been sent to China. Some students re-
marked that this action was certainly "bungling
up" the discharge system.
The campaigl centered on objection to mili-
tary intervention, but now what may prove to
be an even more effective instrument to en-
force unity has been added to American for-
eign policy. Economic pressure will be used to
effect a "unified" China-in mockery of the
American aim of self-determination for all
countries of the United Nations' objective of
free choice of government and representatives
by the people of all nations.
Break with Franco
TWO Associated Press reports of recent date
have raised our hopes that the Spanish par-
iah may soon be recognized as such.
On Saturday we read in our morning newspa-
per that France had asked the United States
and Great Britain to consult with her on a pos-
sible rupture of relations with the Spanish gov-
ernment. This follows closely on the heels of a
week-old report that France had asked the same
countries to state their positions on the question.
All three of France's major political parties-
the Communists, the Popular Republican Move-
ment (MRP) and the Socialists-have been ad-
vocating such a break.
Yesterday, we learned that diplomatic officials
close to the situation have said that the United
States is definitely headed for a break.
In the light of the news that Ambassador Nor-
man Armour is returning from Madrid and that
State Department officials have announced no
plans to replace this report would appear quite
plausible, and needless to say, quite pleasable.
U.. e Jim Crow
THE escort carrier Croatan, affectionately
known as "Old Crow," patrolled the subma-
ine lanes of the Atlantic during the war. When
the war ended, it was one of the ships sent to
LeHavre to redeploy troops.
At Le Havre, the "Old Crow" faced a serious
problem, one its officers found more difficult
than hunting down U-boats. One of the
contingents of veterans waiting at Le Havre,
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-To every G.I. in the United
States Army and every G.. already out, big-
gest news last week wasn't General Marshall's
testimony before the Congressional Pearl Harbor
Committee, or the General Motors strike, or the
British Parliament battle over the $4,400,000,000
It was the story about Pvt. George L. Mark's
lethal lambasting of War Department brass
hats during testimony before the House Mili-
tary Affairs committee while a score of gen-
erals and colonels listened in amazement.
What the buck private did was what millions
of his buddies have dreamed of doing-speaking
their minds about their brass-hat overlords with
full protection against disciplinary action. The
House committee guaranteed this protection and
Private Mark, a 37-year-old Clevelander about
to be discharged, made the most of it.
Justified or not, every barracks "lawyer"
would agree that Mark's charges made beautiful
G.I. reading. Playing the military chiefs with
such names as "Pentagon boy scouts," "be-
medaled four-flushers" and "aristocratic phon-
ies," the bald-pated G.. declared: "They want
a large army to retain their ranks. These brass
hats don't like work. If they did, they wouldn't
be in the Army."
Capitol newsman William Arbogast later asked
one of the major generals who listened to the
tirade if Private Mark's discharge would be held
up and if his explosive comments would fetch
him a, "blue discharge."
"Hell, no," replied the general. We'd have
this committee on our heads if anything like
that happened. This boy is due to be dis-
charged tomorrow and he'll get an honorable
one-right on time. We're not going to waste
any time letting him out of the army."
Truman's Irish Blood
HE friendly sons of St. Patrick claim they
have chalked up real progress in making an
Irishman out of President Truman.
At a recent Sons banquet, which Truman at-
tended, it was brought out that his forebears
were Irishmen named Tremaine. So officials of
the organization called at the White House the
other day to offer Truman an honorary member-
"We have already voted you in at an executive
meeting," James Colliflower, president of the
society, announced. "We'd be delighted to have
you accept and attend our next St. Patrick's
Barring out-of-town business, Truman said
he would be on hand for the dinner.
"I don't see any reason why I shouldn't accept
an honorary membership in the friendly sons
of St. Patrick, also," he added. "But do you
think I qualify?"
"Certainly you qualify, Mr. President," spoke
up Martin J. McNamara, popular Washington
attorney, "George Washington was a member.
He joined the society in Philadelphia after it
was organized in 1774. Unless I am mistaken,
you would be the second president in history
who became an honorary member of the
Truman replied that in that case they could
count him in and thanked his visitors for the
Man Congress Trusts
HE DIDN'T get in the headlines, but the man
largely responsible for passage of Truman's
government reorganization bill was comptroller
General Lindsay Warren, for 16 years a leading
member of Congress.
Not only do both Republicans and Democrats
trust him, but it was Warren's forthright testi-
mony before the Senate and House committees
that brought Congress out of its lethargy. War-
ren watched the bill like a hen with one chick
all during its progress through Congress.
Three others also deserving credit are Jack
Cochran of Missouri, Will Whittington of Missis-
sippi, and Senator Abe Murdock of Utah. Pres-
ident Truman's friends say they wish this team
could handle more of his measures.
Few people realize how sweeping the new
reorganization act is. It goes beyond anything
ever given Roosevelt. Result is that Truman
is now on a very definite hot spot. .He told
Congress he could do the reorganization job
if given authority. Congress has now given
him the authority. That authority will expire
April 1, 1948. What people are now watching
is whom Truman will get to advise him. If
he turns the reorganization job over to polit-
ical appeasers, the new reorganization act will
lay an egg.
11AROLD STASSEN won Congressional friends
last week at an off-the-record session of
first-term and second-term Republican con-
gressmen. After speaking briefly, he invited
questions from congressmen.
.While he didn't reveal anything significant
that he hadn't already said in public statements'
members came away with the rare feeling that
Stassen had not dodged a single question thrown
Fresh out of his Navy uniform, Stassen called
for a limited form of unification of the Army
and the Navy -referring particularly to pro-
curement and the duplication of airfields. At
the same time he insisted that "the U.S. Navy
Is the best outfit in the world."
Asked about how he would advise handling
the atom bomb, Stassen declared that it is
"time for government to catch up with the
scientists. They are far ahead of the poli-
ticians now, and public policy-makers must
catch up with them if we are to handle the
terrifying things which they devise, for the
best interest of the people."
The United States and Russia must and can
get along together, Stassen said. "The import-
ant thing which Americans and Russians must
learn is that the people of both lands want
peace." He added that he could understand
how the Russians could be. suspicious when our
government opposes their international policies,
yet has not a set plan of its own.
"They can't see what direction we're going
in, and so I can understand that they feel sus-
picious," he said.
As he finished, Senator William Stanfill of
Kentucky, who succeeded baseball czar Happy
Chandler, remarked: "Mr. Stassen, let me con-
gratulate you on your courage and your clarity."
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
AMERICANS might as well begin to learn the
name and become familiar with the precepts
of the "Uome Qualunque" Front, Italy's new po-
litical movement. This is about the dreariest,
emptiest and most inane political development in
postwar Europe, which makes the more remark-
able the fact that it is leaping into popularity.
Its new weekly magazine, "l'Uomo Qualunque"
(which means "The Common Man," or, perhaps
better "Everyman") claims a circulation of 500,-
000, more than all the newspapers in Rome com-
bined. The Uomo Qualunque Front is said to
control as many as 1,500,000 votes; and the
speedy rise of this banal movement to so great
a size is perhaps our best current index of how
desperatelythe Allies have failed even to begin
to solve Italy's problems.
For "l'Uomo Jualunque" peddles a kind of cyni-
cal, above-the-battle contempt for politics and
professional politicians; it wants something
called an "administrative" state, run by pure and
refined creatures who have never had anything
to do with political parties. In addition to dis-
daining parties, it pretends not to care whether
Italy has a King or a President. On the positive
side, the Uomo Qualunque Front is dreadfully
shy about stating any program; its emphasis is
all on this hatred of the professional politicians,
on the need for truth, purity, honor, etc., etc.
But (and here's the point) the more conserva-
tive parties of Italy are becoming increasingly
fond of the Uomo Qualunque Front, while the
liberal and left groupings have become the
special and particular butt of its satire, its
jokes and cartoons. The movement has been
called neo-fascist; but to pin a name on it is
most difficult, for labeling is precisely what
the movement cagily and consciously resists.
It has no fascist program (it has no program),
and yet there is something cult-like and dis-
turbing about the mystique it peddles, about its
denunciation of the "political state," which is a
denunciation of politics, which would seem to
be a denunciation of opposition. How does one
organize protest in a "non-political" state?"
THE MAIN THEME o "l'Uomo Qualunque" is
guff; for public business must be done by the
politicians, just as poems must be written by
the poets, and bread baked by the bakers. A
denunciation of parties is a denunciation of the
particular kind of free political life which has
sprung up in Italy since Mussolini.
Obviously, "l'Uomo Qualunque" is leading
the Italian people up a side-alley, but into that
alley there are now pouring the befuddled, the
frustrated, the fearful, the harrassed and con-
fused who prefer a mystique to a program, and
also those who are forever searching for an
ideal terminology in which to dress their pas-
sions. It is significant that the main strength.
of l'Uomo Qualunque Front lies in the South
of Italy, where Allied armies found virtually
no resistance movements, and that its activities
helped to bring about the downfall of Premier
Ferruccio Parri, who came out of the partisan
movement of the North.
And it may be partly our fault that Parri, one
of Italy's most promising men, fell; for we, too,
have played a role in this dubious struggle. Our
refusal to end military government in the North,
when promised, made it difficult for Parri to
set up anything like a national program, and our
inability to arrange even a preliminary peace
treaty also helped make Parri look like just what
'Uomo Qualunque" was complaining about, an
He was as effective as he could be, under the
circumstances; but we could have altered the
circumstances, and did not, and we have unwit-
tingly helped to waste a good man.
It seems to me that we need a much sharper
sense of the sweep and surge of political tides,
as we watch Europe's masters of double-talk
preparing to take advantage of democracy's
first timid trials and first failures in the liber-
ated countries; we dare not, by omission or
commission help, in any way, the dismal pro-
cession into the side-alley. We need a new
seriousness, as great as that of those who are
preparing to take advantage of our lack of
(Copyright, 1945, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
IT IS NQT surprising that in the dis-
pute between the General Motors
Corporation and the UAW both par-
ties claim to be defending the public
interest as well as their own special1
interests. Recently General Motors
put ads in many newspapers implying
that a wage raise for GM employees
will bring about a rise in prices, thus
The National Citizens Committee,
a body of prominent educators,
church leaders, economists, and so-
ciologists, recently made a study of
739 pages of the record of negoti-
ations between GM and UAW. The
committee found that the union in
refusing to accept a wage increase
that involved price increases, "has
lifted the whole matter of collective
bargaining to a new high level by
insisting that the advancement of
labor's interests shall not be made
at the expense of the public."
The fact that the UAW's official
position on wages and prices is not
known to millions of Americans
makes me wonder how free the Amer-
ican press really is.
The committee's report also showed
that the union's position was not "30
per cent or else." They reported that
"the record shows repeatedly that the
union's 30 per cent demand was sub-
ject to reconsideration if and when
management proved that the 30 per
cent wage increase was impossible
without a raise in prices."
These facts make it obvious that
at the State
Barry Fitzgerald, Walter Huston and
Louis Hayward in "And Then There
Were None;" a 20th Century-Fox
film, produced and directed by Rene
IN A CULTURE where everyone from
haberdasher to President freely ad-
mits to reading murder-mysteries by
the gross, "And Then There Were
None" is sure-fire entertainment. It
is based on the renowned Agatha
Christic's chiller of a few years back.
Next to "The Murder of Roger Ack-
royd," all detective story devotees
acclaim this Miss Christie's best, and
the movies have done a faithful, even
literal, adaptation of it.
So here again is the story of "the
ten little Indians" who accepted an
invitation for a weekend on a lonely
island and met gruesome deaths one
by one at the hands of a phantom
murderer. Creating Miss Christie's
familiar and very terrified characters
is a superb cast including, aside from
the stars listed above, such worthies
as Judith Anderson, Roland Young
and Richard Haydn; the latter as the
most priceless English butler since
Only the most complete die-hard
will fail to get into the spirit of the
occasion and have a great time try-
ing to guess "who-dunit." Needless
to say, this is something you should
see from the beginning.
* * * .
*. . at the M1ichiga
Alice Faye, Dana Andrews and Linda
Darnell in "Fallen Angel;" a 20th
Century-Fox film, produced and di-
rected by Otto Preminger.
LIKE the State's tenant, "Fallen
Angel' is also a murder-mystery,
but one with deeper purposes. As an
example of something Hollywood
rarely attempts, it is frequently, ar-
resting cinema that prevails over an
The film pictures with successful
realism a lower class segment of
American life. That there is such a
facet of American life and that its
inhabitants lead empty lives is some-
thing the movies rarely admit. A
drifting tramp (Dana Andrews, a bit
too well-dressed) moves into a small
town and falls in love with a worldly
waitress (Linda Darnell), of generous
physical endowments. The lady is
more interested in the material things
than she is in Andrews, and so the
latter contrives to marry the town
heiress (Alice Faye) intending to re-
lieve her of her money, desert her,
and marry the waitress. His scheme
is disrupted when Miss Darnell is
murdered and he finds himself the
The overall effect of the film may
be confusing and its saccharine
ending may be Hollywood at its
worst, but individual features make
it a rewarding film. Andrews' per-
formance is tops and Miss Darnell's
trollop hits the right combination.
of carnality ahd greed. Miss Faye is
miscast in a colorless role, but she
is still clearly one of the screen's
five most beautiful women.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Daily Official1u-
letin is constructivetnoticeto all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat-
TUESDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1945
VOL. LVI, No. 38
The University Automobile Regula-
tion will be lifted for Junior Medical
students from Dec. 15, 1945 to Jan.
For all other students in the Uni-
versity, the ruling will be suspended
for the Christmas vacation period,
beginning at 12:00 noon on Friday,
Dec. 21, 1945 and ending at 8:00 a.m.
on Monday, Dec. 31, 1945.
Faculty College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: Midsemester re-
ports are due not later than Friday,
Report cards are being distributed
to all departmental offices. Green
cards are being provided for freshmen
and sophomores and white cards for
reporting juniors and seniors. Re-
ports of freshmen and sophomores
should be sent to 108 Mason Hall;
those of juniors and seniors to 1220
Midsemester reports should name
those students, freshmen and upper-
classmen, whose standing at midsem-
ester is "D" or "E", not merely those
who receive "D" or "E" in so-called
Students electing our courses, but
registered in other schools or colleges
of the University should be reported
to the school or college in which they
Additional cards may be had at 108
Mason Hall or at 1220 Angell Hall.
West Quadrangle Navy men now in
residence in the West Quadrangle
may reapply for rooms for the Spring
Term from Dec. 18 to 21 at the Of-
fice of the Dean of Students. Men ap-
plying during that period will be
given priority over incoming appli-
cants for rooms for the Spring Term.
Choral Union Members will please
return their copies of the "Messiah",
and pick up in lieu thereof copies of
Mozart's "Requiem" - today and
Wednesday, at the offices of the Uni-
versity Musical Society in Burton
12:30 a.m. permission will be. given
to women students for the dance giv-
en by Company A on Dec. 19, if these
students present their invitation
cards at the Office of the Dean of
Women in advance of the party.
Women students wishing to return
to Ann Arbor, Dec. 30, on the train
due at 12:37 a.m., must arrange late
permission with househeads in ad-
vance. The regular Sunday closing
hour of 11:00 p.m. is otherwise in ef-
SENIORS: College of L. S. & A., and
Schools of Education, Music, and
Tentative lists of seniors for March
graduation have been posted on the
bulletin board in Room 4 University
Hall. If your name is misspelled or
the degree expected incorrect, please
notify the Counter Clerk.
To All Seniors Graduating on Feb-
Commencement Announcement or-
ders will be taken upon full payment
during the week following Christmas
vacation. See sample copies on bulle-
tin boards in University Hall, Angell
Hall, Engineering, Music, and Educa-
Admission to School of Business
Applications for admission to the
School of Business Administration
for the Spring Semester MUST be
filed on or before Jan, 15 Information
and aivlication blanks are available
11 Rocom 18, I appan -1-a11
ing sections: One for those taking
Math. 6 and 7, meeting in Room 3010
Angell Hall; and another for stu-
dents in other Math courses meeting
in Room 3011 Angell Hall.
From now on these sections will
meet from 7:00 to 8:00 p.m., Tueslay,
Thursday and Friday.
Seminar in Applied Mathematics
and Special Functions today at 3
p.m. in Room 312 West Engineering
Dr. George Piranian talks on
"Summability of Divergent Series."
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet on Wednesday, Dec. 19, at 4
p.m., in 319 West Medical Building.
"Lipids and Hemolysis," will be dis-
cussed. All interested are invited.
Seminar in History of Mathematics
Wednesday, Dec. 19, 7-8 p.m. 3001
Mr. K. Leisenring will continue the
discussion of Imaginary Elements in
The Botanical Seninar will meet
at 4:00 p.m., Wednesday, Dec. 19, in
room 1139, Natural Science Building.
Botany in Brazil will be discussed by
Jose M. Joffily and Jose C. Paixao.
All interested are invited.
Bacteriology Seminar will meet
Thursday, Dec. 20, at 4 p.m. in Room
1564 East Medical Building.
University Men's Glee Club and
Women's Glee Club: A short re-
hearsal on the stage of Hill Audito-
riums(with microphone and record-
ing tests) will be held this afternoon
at 4:15 sharp.
Seminar on Comparative Religions
will be held tonight at 7:15 p.m. in
Lane Hall. Taoism will be the topic
Sigma Rho Tau, Stumps Speakers'
Society, will hold a mixer tonight at
7:30 p.m. at the Union. An Assembly
Round Table on "Unification of
Command of the Armed Forces" will
be the feature of the meeting. Spe-
cial speakers will be Lt. Commander
Easton, USN (Ret.) and Lt. Colonel
Evans, USA. The discussion will be
followed by a mixer with several spe-
cial features among which will be the
- Deutscher Verein, The Dettscher
Verein will hold its Christmas cele-
bration tonight at 8:00 p.m. in the
Ethel Fountain Hussey Room in the
Michigan League. Program: singing
of German Christmas songs (copies
of which may be had at the German
Department office), a Christmas
story, and exchange of presents, and
refreshments. All participants are re-
quested to bring a ten-cent gift. All
students of German are invited to at-
Sigma Alpha lota presents the 10th-
Annual Candlelight Service at .the
Methodist Church tonight at 8:30
Flying Club: Meeting Wednesday,
Dec. 19, at 7:30 p.mn. in room 1042
East Engineering Building. Club
By-Laws are to be considered and
agreed upon. Members as well as
all other students and faculty inter-
ested in the club are urged to attend.
There are still membership open-
ings for a limited number. Appli-
cation blanks can be filled out in
room B.308 East Engineering Build-
ing. Additional information can be
obtained through the club officers:
W. H. Curry at 6292, E. A. Fraden-
burgh at 6764, Frances Hamilton at
25553, or D. C. McAlister at 4145.
La Sociedad Hispanica continues
its 1945 Lecture Series with Dyr. Al-
fredo Riquelnet of Chile, spak1ing on
1G -briela Mistral- oetess wiier of
the Nobel prize in literature in 1945.
GM can end the strike immediately
and send the men back to work
without giving them a penny in pay
raises if they can prove that pay
raises would necessitate a rise in
prices. The UAW is out on a limb.
GM has only to prove what its ads
and radio spots imply to win a com-
plete victory. But GM is strangely
silent. The corporation officials
talk about "Infringement on the
prerogatives of management," and
refuse "on principle" to show their
And yet, during the depression, this
same General Motors Corporation in-
sisted on showing its books to its
employees in order to prove to them
with facts and figures that it had to
cut wages to stay in business. GM is
using a lot of fancy double-talk about
"principles" to cover up its insatiable
appetite for profits.
Moreover, the CIO Wage Research
Committee report shows that, "At
present the average industrial worker
is more than $20 a week short of the
necessary income to provide a health
and decency standard, and that he
would still be 20 per cent below such
a standard even with a 30 per cent
The members of the UAW are de-
fending our real national interests
by fighting to keep up consumer's
purchasing power aced insisting that
they will accept no raise in pay if it
will mean a rise in prices.
A group of UAW veterans out in
Flint raised the slogan, "From
Bastogne to GM." Those men are
telling the world that they fought
not for more profit for General
Motors stockholders, but for a high-
er standard of living.
Just answer this question correctly
and our current radio quiz prize,
ti fin movie camera. will be sen t
I'll manage somehow, Barnaby, to get
you a movie camera. Depend on it-
Paronne, \\ f i
By Crockett Johnson
r's a Kinetoscope . .. And
pe s top botheriq 05!