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December 09, 1945 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-12-09

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Fifty-Sixth Yea

Byrnes Works on Bottle-Necks


Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of Student Publications
Editorial Stafi

Ray Dixon
Robert Goldman
Betty Roth
Margaret Farmer
Arthur J. Kraft
Bill Mulendore
Marys Lu Heath
Ann Schuts
Dona Guimaraes

. Managing Editor
. ...City Editor
. . . . . . . Editorial Director
. . . . . . . . Associate Editor
. . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Sports Editor
.Associate Sports Editor
.Women' Editor
* .. .Associate Women's Editor

Business Staff
Dorothy Flint . . . . . . . . . Business Manager
Joy Altman . . . . . . . Associate Business Mgr.
Telephone 23-24-1
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for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46


Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily stag
and represent the views of the writers oniy.
THE instituting of peace-time conscription for
the maintenance of large armed forces seems
to me incongruous with two of the primary goals
America has set for its post-war "new era."
America's productive potential, in order to
be utilized as fully as possible, requires the use
of all' the nation's resources in the most eco-
nomic way. The most economic use of man-
power is its employment in fields which satis-
fy human needs, or in preparation for employ-
ment in those fields. During peacetime, mili-
tary service does not fulfill either of these po-
But, one may claim, maintenance of large
armed forces is a prerequisite to peace. This
claim has neither historical nor logical support.
The most recent and probably most famous ex-
ample-of arming for peace is seen in the pre-
World War I race. Each major European na-
tion, or group of nations, desirous of peace,
armed itself to the teeth so as to keep the peace
through a mythical "balance of power."
Peace requires action for peace. An Ameri-
can conscription program, undertaken with
the most honorable intentions, may conceiv-
ably result in aggression by this adolescent na-
tion. Even more likely, it may provide an ex-
cuse to less well intentioned nations for their
maintenance of large armed forces. Rather
than devote great amounts of our energies,
wealth and resources to potentially dangerous
ends, it seems more logical to expend these en-
ergies toward world-wide disarmament.
This disarmament should not be the type in-
stituted during the interim between the two
world wars, whereby armaments were supposedly
limited and the restrictions never enforced. This
disarmament must be complete. Only those
small forces each nation needs to ensure domes-
tic tranquillity should be permitted. A strong
TUNO should be empowered to supervise the dis-
armament program. The nations of the world
all claim that peace is their goal; if this is true,
they can raise no objection.
Of course, this is a mere outline of one
phase of preparation for peace-a meager out-
line of a complex situation. But it should be
sufficient to show that peace-time conscrip-
tion is not the. solution to our problem. It can
never help us realize our aims: peace and pros-'
-Malcolm Roemer

WASHINGTON.- Secretary of State Jimmy
Byrnes' bad breaks in these difficult days of
post-war readjustment have obscured some of
the less spectacular but important things he has
been doing to get the. demoralized State Depart-
ment back on an even keel.
One unannounced plan he is working on is to
trade U. S. surplus property abroad for better
embassy buildings and consulates. Instead of
dumping or burning surplus army material or
selling it for a song, Byrnes is working on the
idea of trading it to European governments in
return for real estate.
For years, Congress was niggardly in ap-
propriating for U. S. embassies and consulates,
with the result that though we are the wealth-
iest nation in the world, we are also the most
poorly represented when it comes to foreign
buildings. Byrnes wants to get better embas-
sies and consulates in exchange for surplus
jeeps, trucks and gasoline.
Another Byrnes idea is to take over German
consulates and embassies in foreign countries in
lieu of reparations. In many Latin American
countries, for instance, the Germans had luxur-
ious embassies while the American ambassa-
dor was housed in a relatively run-down build-
ing. Though the United States doesn't want
reparations from Germany in cash, which would
be difficult to transfer abroad, Byrnes feels that
it would be an excellent idea to take some repar-
ations in the form of real estate which already
has been transfered abroad.
NOTE-Interesting fact is that certain ca-
reer men in the State Department don't like
the idea of taking over Nazi embassies and
consulates abroad.
Bogged-Down Cables
MOST important move Byrnes has made, how-
ever, is to bring in some fresh blood and
start feorganizing creaking State Department
machinery. While he was in London he discov-
ered that an important telegram he sent to
Washington on a Thursday didn't get delivered
to the proper State Department official until the
following Monday. Late delivery made the re-
quested action impossible.
There was a day under Thomas Jefferson when
all State Department messages from ambassa-
dors abroad were written longhand in a ledger.
In that day it required four weeks for a diplo-
matic message to cross the Atlantic by fast sail-
ing clipper.'
Today it is possible to cross the Atlantic in
one day. Yet State Department cabled mes-
sages sometimes take four days between Lon-
don and Washington. This is not due to break-
downs in transmission, but to red tape inside
the State Department.
To reorganize both State Department effi-
ciency and personnel, Byrnes's former law part-
ner, Donald Russell, now assistant secretary, has
brought in Carter Burges, former expert for
General Eisenhower in SHAEF; Joe Panuch,
formerly with Byrnes in the War Mobilization
Office; and Maj. Gen. Otto Nelson, one of the
few West Pointers who ever received a Ph.D.
from Harvard.
Digging into the situation, these experts
found that the State Department's messages
from abroad had jumped from 500,000 in
140, the first year of the European war, to
1,800,000 in .1243. Yet State Department per-
sonnel to handle these messages had only in-
creased from 150 to 217. Again in 1945, State
Department cables increased to 3,000,000 yet
the number of people handling them remained
stationary at 217.
Poverty li De partment
ONE reason only 217 people continued to han-
dle almost double the number of messages
was the fact that there was no office space to
house more personnel. Also it was found that a
poorly paid clerk, rather than a top-rating ex-

pert, was deciding who should receive urgent
cables, with the result that they were- frequently
sent to the wrong executive, or to a number of
different executives who duplicated each other's
The system of routing messages is now being
revamped, and simultaneously Byrnes' reor-
ganization corps is finding more office space to
house additional personnel.

Another of Byrnes' headaches is to get more
money out of Congress. In the past, the State
Department has skimped along on almost no ap-
propriations, paying its way largely from pass-
port fees, despite the fact that it is the first
line of the nation's defense.
Cordell hull took a personal pride in asking
for small appropriations and running the
State Department with a relatively small staff.
Byrnes, however, has determined that in order
to build up an efficient "department of peace"
he must get some real appropriations out of
Congress. This will be one of his biggest jobs.
(Copyright, 1945, by the. Bell Syndicate, Inc.)s
AN is suffering both physical pain and moral
distress. We turn for hope to the govern-
ment but return saying our representatives are
in a fog. We read the latest book but find that
while it states the problem no solution is given.
We go to the theater, get buoyed up by art per-
haps, and are interested in the plot but feel let
down by a mundane result. Even family gather-
ings, reassuring because the several members
are home again, are apt to end in sharp division
on current issues. We are challenged to some new
work, a study, a job, or a civic responsibility. We
do it and return to find that the spirit seems re-
newed but we are not quite satisfied.
Our society is sick. What is the sickness?
Being a student of the centuries fails to lessen
the physical pain or the mcral distress. It may
increase both but here at least is perspective.
In the Book of Job we have a remedy sug-
gested. Because Job experienced loss of his sons,
his cattle, lands, and health and finally was de-
serted by his neighbors, his friends, Eliphaz,
Zophar and Bildad, insisted that all this distress
was a result of personal sin. Job, on the other
hand, believed that God, while complex and dis-
tant, was good and should be worshipped. In
similar fashion Jesus when asking "who -hath
sinned, this man or his parents, that he should
have been born blind?", replied, "Neither did
this man sin, nor his parents." "The problem
was too involved for such glib judgement," says
Joseph Fort Newton in his book Where Are We
In Religion. The general argument is that our
case can be met by some surface remedy or turn
of the political wrist, so that the slight of hand
will make everything right. "Not so" said the
sages. Job appealed to God, knowing that he
and his friends needed deeper insight and sterner
virtue than his own to grapple with social causes.
He knew that accident, tensions, conflicting pur-
poses and age old habits within society had com-
bined as it were to have it so. Says the young
English poet, Burdett Clouts, of Job:
"He was not patient, man or myth,
He did not stoop to kiss the rod;
But like some storm-swept monolith,
Craven with grief, confronted God."
We are arguing for that attitude of mind
and devetion of soul which draws from the
compassionate God a more profound attack
upon man's problems than man can possibly
put into them. Here is the very essence of re-
ligion, says the Mystic. The Realist and the
Pragmatist, while slow to grant any extra-
sensory merit, joins that Mystic in a prayer of
faith and in belief in the deeper levels of in-
sight available a sincere soul. Together they
enter into the discipline required by religion.
Said Hartley Coleridge:
"Think not the faith by which the just shall live
Is a dead creed, a map correct of' Heaven,
Far less a feeling, Iona and fugitive;
A thoughtless gift, withdrawn as soon as given,
It is an affirmation and an act
That bids eternal truth be present fact."

The religious man insists that only those
processes which are reverently engaged and
those approaches which are made in religious
fashion will certainly result in spiritual values.
All other processes or approaches will stop
short of them. Those alone who plumb the
depths of religion, may confidently hope to
heal the stubborn hurt of war.
-Edward W. Blakeman
Counselor of Religious Education

1 f

Connolly, Cyril
The unquiet grave: A word cycle
by Palinurus. New York, Harper,
An odd volume of erudition, philos-
ophy and self-deprecation by the
British author Cyril Connolly, writ-
ten under the pen-name, Palinurus.
A stimulating, extraordinary book
with Mr. Connolly at his best as he
writes of writers and writing.
Davenport, Marcia
The valley of decision. New York,
Scribners, 1942
This novel, whose setting is the
steel city Pittsburgh, tells the story
of the Scott family through three
generations from the panic of 1873 to
Pearl Harbor. The author's choice of
detail is vivid and effective. Her de-
scriptions of the workings of Besse-
mers, open-hearth furnaces, skip-
hoists, and cast-houses are impres-
sive. The novel, though long, never
loses its quality of stirring human
Foster, Mulford B.
Brazil, orchid of the tropics,
Pennsylvania, Lancaster, 1945
The largest jungle area in the
world is in Brazil. The authors set
out through these areas to collect
and study air plants. This book re-
lates the fascinating story of their
travels in Brazil and the studies of
the vegetation they found there.
Contains m any excellent photo-
Harper, Samuel Northrop
The Russia I believe in: The Me-
moirs of Samuel N. Harper, 1902-
41. Chicago, University of Chi-
cago, 1945
Memoirs of an American student
of Russia, who studied the country
for over forty years. Written by a
man of liberal principles, without
prejudices and with a vast store of
information. The book is interesting
and is a contribution to our under-
standing of Russia.

Publication in the Daily Official 13ul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat-
VOL. LVI, No. 31
Memorial to Dean C. S. Yoakum.
Under the auspices of the University,
a memorial meeting will be held at
4:15 p.m., Monday, Dec. 10,. in the
Rackham Lecture Hall, in honor of
the late Dr. Clarence Stone Yoakum,
Dean of the Horace H. Rackham
School of Graduate Studies. Members
of the faculties, students, and other
friends of Dean Yoakum are invited
to be present.
"Faculty Tea": President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to members


of the faculty and other townspeopler
Sunday, Dec. 9, from 4:00 to 6:00. t
Cars may park in the restricted zone
on South University between 4:00 and
6:30 p.m.
Student Tea: President and Mrs.v
Ruthven will be at home to students C
Wednesday afternoon, Dec. 12, fromi
4:00 to 6:00. c
L. S. & A. Civilian 'Freshman Five-a
Week Reports will be given out in the
Academic Counselors' Office, 108
Mason Hall, in the following order:
Monday, Dec. 10, A through E
Tuesday, Dec. 11, F through K
Wednesday, Dec. 12, L through Rt
Thursday, Dec. 13, S through Z.
Students, Fall Term College of Lit-s
erature, Science, and The Arts:
Courses dropped after Wednesday,c
Dec. 12, by students other than fresh-1
men will be recorded with the gradej
of "E." Freshmen (students with less1
than 24 hours of credit) may drop
courses without penalty through the
eighth week, upon the recommenda-
tion of their academic counselors. t
Exceptions to these regulations may
be made only because of extraordin-
ary circumstances, such as serious ill-
E. A. Walter
Choral Union Members in goodI
standing will please call' for theirt
courtesypass tickets for the Boston
Symphony Orchestra on the day of
the concert, Monday, between the
hours of 9:30 and 11:30 and 1 and 4,
at the offices of the University Music-
al Society in Burton Memorial Tow-
er. Passes will not be is'sued after 4
Charles A. Sink, President.
Faculty College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: Midsemester re-'
ports are due not later than Friday,
Dec. 21.
Report cards are being distributed
to all departmental offices. Green
cards are being provided for freshmen
and sophomores and white cards for
reporting juniors and seniors. Re-
ports of freshmen and sophomores
should be sent to 108 Mason Hall;
those of juniors and seniors to 1220
Angell Hall.
Midsemester reports should name
those students, freshmen and upper-
classmen, whose standing at midsem-
ester is "D" or "E", not merely those
who receive "D" or "E" in so-called
midsemester examinations.
Students electing our courses, but
registered in other schools or colleges
of the University should be reported
to the school or college in which they
are registered.
Additional cards may be had at 108
Mason Hall or at 1220 Angell Hall.
Veterans World War 11: A tutorial
section has been organized in English
Composition. This section is for be-
ginners, and meets Tuesday, Thurs-
day and Friday at 7:30 p.m., Room
3209 Angell Hall. Mr. John O'Neill
will be the instructor.
Veterans World War 1I: An addi-
tional tutorial section has been organ-
ized in Spanish. This section is for
beginners, and meets Monday,
Wednesday and Friday, Room 107,
Romance Language Building. Dr.
Hootkins will be the instructor.
All Student Organizations must re-
turn their contracts by Saturday, Dec.
15, if they want space in the 1946
Michiganensian. The Michiganensian
will not guarantee insertion of the
page if the contract is not received at
that time. It is not necessary that
pictures, reading material, or checks
be turned in with the contract.
Fraternity and sorority contracts
must be returned by Monday, Dec. 10.
Veterans' Date Bureau for the Vet-
erans' Dance to be held Friday, Dec.
14 in Waterman Gym will be open
Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday
afternoons in the League and the

Union, from 3:00-5:00. Girls sign up
in the League, and boys in the Union.
Frances Perkins, former Secretary
of Labor, will be presented by the Uni-
versity Oratorical Association Tues-
day evening at Hill Auditorium, 8:30
p.m. Miss Perkins is substituting for
Richard Wright whose illness has
made it necessaryto postpone his
lecture. Recently returned from the
International Labor Parley in Paris,
Miss Perkins will speak on the sub-
ject "The Destiny of American La-
bor." Htilders of Season Tickets are
requested; to. use the original Perkins
ticket, dated Jan. 16, for admission
Tuesday night. Individual tickets will
go on sale tomorrow at 10 a.m. in Hill
Auditorium.lib' office.
Lecture; D; and Mrs. Harry A.
Overstreet; noted authors, lecturers,
philosophers, and psychologists, will
lecture in Pattengill Auditorium on
Wednesday evening, Dec. 12, at 8:00,
on the subject "The Individual Moves
Into the Community." The lecture,

I of the von Neumann-Morgenstern
The Boston Symphony Orchestra
will give the sixth program in the
Choral Union Series, Monday, at 8:30
in Hill Auditorium. The program will
consist of Prokofieff's "Classical"
Symphony and the Symphony No. 5,
and the Symphony No. 2 by Sibelius.
Charles A. Sink, President.
Exhibit of Paintings and Sketches
by Various Japanese-American Ar-
tists, On Relocation Centers. Through
December 16. Sponsored by Student
Council of Student Religious As-
sociation, Inter-Guild, Inter-Racial
Association, All Nations Club. Office
of Counselor in Religious Education,
Michigan Office of War Relocation
Authority, U. S. Department of In-
Exhibit: Museum of Art and Arch-
aeology, 434 South State Street. His-
torical Firearms and other Weapons.
Today from 3:00-5:00.
Events Today
The Graduate Outing Club will
have a bike-hike today followed by
an informal supper and -folk dancing
in the Club Rooms. Bikers will meet
at 2:00 p.m. in the Outing Club
Rooms in the Rackham Building (use
northwest entrance). Bicycles may be
rented then. Alternate activities will
be planned in case of inclement
M.C.F.: Everyone is invited to at-
tend the Sunday afternoon meeting
of the Michigan Christian Fellowship
Dec. 9, at 4:30, in Lane Hall. Dr. Fran-
cis Steele will speak on "Why the
Cross, The Hymn Sing is scheduled
for 4:00.
Coming Events
Flying Club: Meeting in Room 1042
East Engineering Building on Mon-
day, Dec. 10, at 7:15 p.m. General
discussion will be continued, and defi-
nite plans for organization will be
presented. All faculty members and
students interested are invited to at-
Faculty Women's Club-The Play
Reading Section will meet Tuesday
afternoon, Dec. 11 at the Michigan
League. Dutch treat dessert at 1:15
in the Russin Tea Room. Reading at
2:15 in the Mary B. Henderson Room.
Graduate Education Club: The first
meeting of the Graduate Education
Club will be-held in the U.E.S. Library
at 4:15 p.m. on Tuesday, Dec. 11. All
graduate students in education are
urged to attend for election of officers
and preparation of the organization's
program for 1945-1946.
All Women Engineers: Tgere will
be a meeting Tuesday, Dec. 11, at 5:00
in Room 3201 East Engineering (Sem-
inar Room). Election of officers will
be held, and arrangements made for
a group Ensian picture. All women
engineers urged to attend.
Polonia Club will hold a meeting
on Tuesday, Dec. 11, at 7:30 at the
International Center. All members
are urged to attend, and, any other
student of Polish parentage is cor-
dially invited.
A. I. E. E.: There will be a meeting
of the Michigan Student Branch of
the American Institute of Electrical
Engineers on Wednesday, Dec. 12, at
7:30 p.m. in the Michigan Union. Mr.
J. F. Cline of the Electrical Engineer-
ing Department will speak on "Tele-
vision." A group picture of all local
members will be taken for the 1946
Ensian. All students of electrical en-
gineering and any others interested
are invited.

Sigma Xi will hold its first public
meeting of the season Wednesday,
Dec. 12, at 8:00 p.m. in the West
Physics Bldg., Lecture Room. Dr. Rob-
ley C. Williams will discuss the Elec-
tron Microscope and will exhibit
startling and unique photographs of
ultramicroscopic objects, organic and
inorganic, taken by the ingenious new
methodadevised on this campus and
hailed as such a valuable scientific
contribution last spring. The micro-
scope itself will be displayed after
the lecture, in Randall Bldg. Guests
will be welcome. Refreshments.
Campus Christmas Concert given by
the University Women's Glee Club
and the Varsity Glee Club, Wednesday
evening, Dec. 19 at 8:30 in Lydia Men-
delssohn Theater. A program of foll
and traditional carols and popular
seasonal songs; audience participa-
tion in singing familiar carols. The
public is invited. No admission.
"What A Life", the amusing comedy
of Henry Aldrich's High School
scrapes, will be presented by Play
FrrbetnnofEh a nar- a.f


Shellabarger, Samuel
Captain from Castile.
phia, Blakiston, 1945


Lively action, packed historical ro-
mance, exact historical fact, sharp
characterizations, lively simple, nar-
rative style, make this novel of six-
teenth century Spain and Mexico a
leader among the year's adventure
Stone, Irving
Immortal wife: The biographi-
cal novel of Jessie Benton Fremont.
New York, Doubleday, 1945
This biographical novel (about
Jessie Benton Fremont, wife of John
Fremont, American explorer, and
geographer is recommended as a
story of exciting historical events
(for the most part accurately told),
as a fine love story and as an excel-
lent character study.#

14th Amendment


\\ WIN
the number of beans in the
bowl in this store window /.:
Copyright, 1945 . Newspope PM.Inc.

Say! This problem appeals to your Fairy =-
Godfather's logical mind. It's simple, too.
And fun... The camera's yours, Barnaby.
th. '.Wl you get te righ answer
Iby waving your magic wand?
4. .
CA ~

By Crockett Johnson
That wouldn't be fair to the other -
contestants . .. The answer can be
arrived at by simple mathematics.
Er, notice the open transom, m'boy----
tie number of beans in t
Are you hi tore window.
going to MPLE IT'S FUN \-
them? C Q-


FIFTY prominent Hollywood Negroes, includ-
Hattie McDaniels, actress, and Ethel Waters,
singer, won a court fight against evictiori from
their homes in the West Adams Heights district
once the home of Los Angeles' highest society.
Eight white property owners sought to en-
force a 1937 agreement restricting the district
+t white. Nero etetifier1 thev had nurchad

I CLr -- - ---I

AAv Fnirv rnr irf{ior quill nrtmet fhn I

I Yae Mnm I wnnf fn I


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