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November 27, 1945 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-11-27

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PAGE TO

T HE MICHIGAN DAILY-

. TUESDAY, NOd EIIIBER 27, 1945

PAGE TWO TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 27, 1945

Six Jews Kille
By British Troops
60 Wounded as Tank-Supported Forces
Fight With Settlers for Two Hours

SUCCESS STORY:
Anderson Extends Benefits
To Aid UniversityProgress

By The Associated Press
JERUSALEM, Nov. 26-Six Jews
were reported killed and 60 wounded
in pitched battles today as tank-sup-
ported British troops armed with
65-Point ETO
Troops Home*
By Christmas
By The Associated Press
PARIS, Nov. 26- The U.S. Army
said today that troops in the Euro-
pean theater having 65 discharge
points could expect to be home by
Christmas.
The announcement said delays
forecast in October and early Novem-
ber because of a shipping shortage
had been more than made up.
Estimated redeployment in Novem-
ber and December will bring theater
strength below its final fixed total of
68,000 troops of which 370,000 were
earmarked for an occupational force
and 311,000 for liquidation force
troops. The arrival of an estimated
87,000 replacements will make up the
required total.
Some 400,000 troops are expected
to move home during November.
The Army said all soldiers with
critical point scores of 70 should be
out of the theater by Dec. 1. Those
with scores of between 55 and 70
have been divided into priority
groupings, with those who have 65
to 70 points scheduled to depart dur-
ing the first week of December.
The Army said all men with 55 to
65 points should be out of the Euro-
pean theater and on their way home
by New Years.
Dean Hudiut
Of Harvard Will
Speak Friday
"Contemporary Trends in Archi-
tecture" is the theme of a University
lecture to be given by Dean Joseph
Hudnut of Harvard University at 4:15
p.m. Friday, in the Rackham Amphi-
theatre.
Dean Hudnut has done intensive
study in the field of architecture. He
started his schooling at Harvard in
1906, attending that university for
three years. He continued later at
the University, where he received his
B. Arch. in 1912.
Graduate studies at both Columbia
and Harvard Universities won Dean
Hudnut his M.S. and M.A. in 1917
and 1942, respectively. His work as
both an architect and teacher began
as early as 1912. After holding vari-
ous positions, he became Harvard's
Dean of Faculty of Design in 1935.
Supplementing the lecture, which
will be open td the general public
without charge, Dean Hudnut plans
to illustrate his discussion of archii-
tecture's contemporary trends.
Society To Hear
Carr, Newcomb
Dr. Lowell J. Carr and Dr. Theo-
dore M. Newcomb of the sociology de-
partment will address the Michigan
Sociological Society at its fall meet-
ing, which will be held Friday, at
Michigan State College.
Speaking during the forenoon ses-
sion of the all day meeting, Prof.
Carr will read a paper entitled "Situ-
ational Approach to Conflict and
War." The topic of Dr. Newcomb's
address is "Some Needed Research in
Social Psychology."
Also addressing the members of

the society will be professors from
Michigan State College, Wayne Uni-
versity, and Calvin College. A lunch-
eon and election of officers are also
on the agenda.
Religious (Group To Meet
The Latter Day Saints student
group meets at 7:30 p.m. every Wed-
nesday,
All students interested are invited
to attend.

mortars and machine guns entered
six Jewish coastal villages searching
for persons responsible for attacks on
coast guard stations.
Dispatches.said thousands of Jews,
shouting "All Jews to the rescue,"
were streaming tonight from the
Petah Tigvah area toward nearby
Shefayim, where British troops and
police battled today against barri-
caded settlers for two hours,
Jammed Roads
Roads runningg northward from Tel
Aviv were reported jammed with cars
and trucks loaded with Jews headed
for the villages, around which the
British have thrown a cordon The
Jews were said to be singing the Jew-
ish anthem and other Hebrew songs.
Additional British troops, including
the third paratroop brigade of the
sixth airborne divisioin, were rushed
into the troubled coastal area near
Tel Aviv as tension mounted to a
pitch where women and even children
attempted to break through the Brit-1
ish cordon
Bitter Fighting at Shefayim
The bitterest fighting apparently
took place this morning at Shefayim,
where British authorities found large
crowds manning the barricades. The
crowds refused to disperse and po-
lice and troops forced their way in,
using staves and tear gas.
The demonstrations broke out after
the villages were blocked off for the
search, and presumably were in re-
taliation for British seizure of a
Greek ship carrying illegal immi-
grants.
Explaining British action'in forcing
a search, an official military com-
munique said today that police and
British troops had trailed members
of the gang which attacked the coast
guard . statioins to the villages of
Givath Haim and Shefayim.
The attackers had used automatic
weapons in an assault on the stations
at Ggivat Olga and Sidna on Satur-
day night, wounding 14 Palestinian
policemen.
Graduate Dental
Courses Will
Begin Today
Courses in four graduate dental
fields meeting one day a week will
start at the W. K. Kellogg Foundation
Institute this week.
Classes in complete denture pro-
thesis and minor oral surgery start
today, with eight dentists registered
in each. A root surgery class, with 10
members, will meet tomorrow. Thurs-
day, a second class in minor oral
surgery and a course in crown and
bridge prothesis will start with 12
and) 8 members enrolled in each re-
spectively.
A second class in complete denture
prothesis will hold its first meeting
Friday withdeight members. The
course in dentistry for children'
scheduled to begin tomorrow has been
canceled because of insufficient en-
rollment. The six classes which are
being held are enrolled to capacity.
The courses are conducted
throughout the term for refresher
training for practicing dentists and
recently discharged service men who.
are planning to resume civilian prac-
tice. They are conducted on a one-
day-a-week basis to permit members
to attend without leaving their regu-
lar activities and jobs for extended.
periods.
Classes in operative dentistry and;
partial dental prothesis started last
week.
White Will Speak

i sMoogan's ilonor

HEAD-ON TRAIN CRASH KILLS TWO, BUT SOLDI ERS ESCAPE - This is an aerial view after a head-on
collision of a troop train (left) and a freight train (right) on the Seaboard Railroad near Hanlin, Ga., in
which two enginemen were killed and two trainmen were also injured seriously. All of the troops escaped
injury except for being shaken up. Note the car on the troop train which plowed under the locomotive tender
and is ,jammed against the cab.

IT DIDN'T END WITH HITLE R:

Europe

I
s

Jews Face Hunger, Illness

By 'The Associated Press
LONDON - Although Hitler has
been wiped off the scene, the tragedy
of Europe's Jews is far from ended.
The comparatively small number
of Jews who managed to survive
Nazidom's systematic campaign of
elimination now face bitter struggles
with hunger and disease.
In the explosive fury of Nazi
persecution, 5,700,000 Jews van-
ished from their European homes,
acccrdin to figures by the Allied
War Crimes Commission.
A survey, compiled by Associated
Press correspondents across the con-
tinent, showed that since the end of
the war there had been an almo
ccmplete' removal of the anti-Jewish
laws which Hitler's legions carried
to every land they invaded. But race
hatred has not yet been exterminated.
While governments announce
measures to help Jews regain the
health and livelihoods that persecu-
tion stripped from them, their citi-
zens spasmodically loose the violence
they were taught to commend by
years of propaganda.
From Linz in Austria, from Kra-
cow in Poland, from Holland come
reports of anti-Semitic outbreaks.
A synagogue burned.......shop
windows broken ... bitter, blood-
thirsty pamphlets distributed... .
In some countries-Poland, Hun-
gary, France-the incidents are at-
tributed to remains of Nazi venom
added to the distillation of years of
intolerance.
In others-Austria, for example-
correspondents report new resent-
ment because starved, sickened Jews
are given preferential treatment over
other citizens by the American Army,
acting on orders from President Tru-
man.
Newman Club
Enrolls _4_00
All Catholic Students
Are Urged To Join
Newman Club enrollment has al-
most reached the 400 mark, Carme-
lita Fisher, chairman of the mem-
bership committee, announced, yes-
terday.
All Catholic students are urged by
Miss Fisher to join the club. They
may contact the volunteer worker in
their house or join after any of the
Sunday Masses.
Thevolunteer workers in the dor-
mitories are requested to be prompt
in handing in their lists, and all lists
are due Sunday.
Cards for those registered before
November 25 will be ready at the
party Friday night. The drive for
new members will continue through-
out the month.
Heger To Lead Discussion

In conquered Germany, the surface
picture presents a strange about-face.
Former Nazis profess their
friendship for Jews, even claim
Jewish relatives in franticattempts
to avert Allied punishment for their
crimes.
The horrors of the concentration
camp are over. From each European
capital come reports that no man is
held prisoner any longer just be-
cause he is Jewish.
But the routine of camp life is still
familiar everywhere. Hundreds of
thousands of Jews, in Germany,
Yugoslavia, Austria, everywhere in
Europe, still live in barracks and sleep
on cots because they have no homes,
no jobs, no money or possessions, no
families.
In Holland and Belgium there are
several thousand orphaned Jewish
children whose future is a question
mark.
1836:
Ann Arbor
Sa Featured
By Library
A map of Ann Arbor as it was in
1836 was featured in the latest publi-
cation of the William L. Clements
Library.
A collector's item, the map was
published by Currier, of Currier and
Ives, and shows the outlay of Ann Ar-
bor the year before the University
moved here.
North, South, and East University
streets were not yet in existence, and
William Street continued east
through what is now the campus. A
"Public Square" and "State House
Square" occupied approximately the
site of the campus.
Dr. Frank E. Robbins, assistant to
President A. G. Ruthven, pointed out
that early residents may have been
planning for the admission of Michi-
gan as a state and for the establish-
ment of Ann Arbor as its capital
when it set up a "State House
Square."
Downtown a "Jail Square" was lo-
cated on Liberty Street, between
Fourth and Fifth avenue.
Five Filipinos
To Enter "U
Prevented from reaching Ann Ar-
bor in time for the beginning of the
fall term by chaotic conditions in the
war torn Philippines, five Filipino
undergraduates arrived here Satur-
day to enter the College of Engi-
neering.
Four of the students have com-
pleted one or two years at the Uni-
versity of the Phiilippines. The fifth
is entering as a freshman.
Lone Ranger Joins Scouts
DETROIT, Nov. 26--'P)-The Lone
Ranger, hard-riding hero of the air-
waves, became a tenderfoot again
when he was initiated today as an
honorary member of the Boy Scouts
of America.

In eastern Europe, there are
practically no Jewish children or
old people, Only the hardiest were
able to survive.
Most immediate problem for Eu-
rope's Jews is physical rehabilita-
tion; for many there is no hope.
Tuberculosis, malnutrition, the
long list of diseases due to slave labor
and concentration camps, continue to
take their toll.
The American Army, however, has
brought numbers of people back from
the road to death. The first Jews rep-
atriated to Budapest were in frightful
condition. Those who returned after
spending a few months in Allied
hands were well-fed, on their way to
recovery.
Economic rehabilitation is far more
difficult. Several countries have
passed laws and put officials to work
attempting to recover Jewish prop-
erty stolen by the Nazis.
In some cases, they appear to be
making headway. Ingenious Nazi
methods of selling and reselling
confiscated property make it al-
most impossible to disentangle
ownership most of the time.
As for making a new start, Jews in
almost every country find they have
to begin from scratch as they haven't
even the remnants of their former
possessions to build upon.
In Yugoslavia, 50 per cent are
forced to live on charity and eatin
communal kitchens. Similar condi-
tions hold elsewhere. y
From country to country, overall
economic prospects for Jews appear
closely linked to the nation's general
economic outlook.
In Austria and Hungary, theit
chances for recovery rate below those
of the hard-pressed population.
In Belgium and France, they are on
an equal basis, according to the sur-
vey.
The main hope of the Jews, re-
port correspondents in Germany
and eastern Europe, is to go to Pal-
estine.
Eighty per cent of the Hungarian
Jews who were content to remain in
the land of their birth before the war
have now become Zionists, Budapest
reports.
The great majority of displaced
Jews in Germany and those in west-
ern Europe who have been unable to
settle down again in their homes
have also turned their eyes to Jeru-
salem
At present, only a tiny trickle of
them are able to enter Palestine. The
British government is now consider-
ing what should be done about immi-
gration laws. Fierce Arab resistane
makes it improbable that relief can
be afforded on aly scale comparable
to the problem.
Prof. Lindsay Prepares
Paper for Physics Meeting
Prof. George A. Lindsay of the
physics department is preparing a pa-
per on X-rays to be read Saturday in
St. Louis at the annual meeting of
the American Physical Society.
Prof. Lindsay plans to leave Ann
Arbor later this week to represent
the university at this conference.

The death of John W. Anderson,I
LLB 1890, recalled to the minds of
many of his fellow citizens of De-
troit the story of how he, as one ofl
the original stockholders in the Ford
Motor Co., became a millionaire al-
most overnight.
Establishes Professorship
Anderson, who established the
James O Mur,fin Professorship of
Political Science here in 1940, and
his law partner, the late Horace H.;
Rackham, had each invested $5,000
in the original company when they
drew up the incorporation papers for
Ford. In 1919, these two former Uni-
versity men and the other junior
stockholders sold out to Henry Ford.
Anderson and Rackham each received
$12,500,000.
Ten years later Anderson, an at-
torney, defended himself in the suit
of the United States Treasury to col-
lect $34,000,000 additional income tax
from the Ford stockholders for the
profits they made when they sold out
to Henry Ford. Anderson alone was
sent a tax bill of $1,438,826.35.
Becomes Millionaire
In an improvised courtroom in the
Hotel Statler, Anderson told how he
heard that he had become a million-
aire. In the spring of 1913, he ar-
rived on tour at a hotel in Geneva,
Switzerland. While he and his fam-
ily were eating, he received a cable-
gram informing him that adividend
of 500 per cent had been declared on
Ford stock.
"I think if Ford had gone through
the square I would have gone out
and hugged him," Anderson said
eighteen years ago. "I was very
happy."
Income Tax Refund
After Anderson's uninterrupted tes-
timony, the judges decided that the
original stockholders had not only
All Nations Club
Will Sponsor
Record ance
A record dance, sponsored by the
All Nations Club and open to the
public, will be given Saturday night
in the Rackham Assembly Hall.
Polonia Society will meet in the
International Center at 7:30 p.m.
today. A classical record concert
will be presented at 8:30 p.m. Wed-
nesday.
Thursday events include a tea
from 4 to 5:30 p.m. and the first
meeting of the Center's Glee Club at
8 p.m. Anyone interested in join-
ing the club is invited to attend.
The Sunday night program in-
cludes a New England dinner at 6
p.m. for foreign students, which will
be followed by a . sing and motion
pictures of New England open to the
public at 7 p.m.
Smith's Libel
Suit' Dismissed
America First Head
Denied Case Extension
DETROIT, Nov. 26 -MP)- Circuit
Court Judge Adolph F. Marschner
today dismissed without prejudice a
$100,000 libel and slander suit filed
against radio station WXYZ of De-
troitmbyeGerald L. K. Smith, head of
the America First Party.
The court, citing four previous ad-
journments of the case, said that
Smith had telegraphed from Cali-
fornia asking another extension. The
plaintiff told Judge Marschner he
was contesting a California court ac-
tion that would bar him from speak-
ing in certain places in that state.
The judge, ruling Smith's reason
insufficient, dismissed the case, which
was based on Smith's contention that
he was libeled in broadcasts over the
station on June 27, 1943 and Aug. 1,

1943.
Smith's suit charged that the
broadcasts, made by Walter Winchell,
New York radio commentator, wrong-
fully accused him of trampling on
an American flag at a Boston rally
early in 1943.
Court officials said the suit was
heard in a Michigan court since it
applied to only one station and no
out-of-state stations or individuals.

paid enough income tax when they
sold out to Henry Ford, but had
paid too much. Anderson shared in
a refund amounting to $2,000,000.
Senator Couzens received $989,863
and established the Children's Fund
of Michigan with it.
Anderson was buried Saturday in
Grosse Pointe. He had contributed
to the fund supporting the University
collection of papyri and had made
several other donations to the Uni-
versity.
Grad Students
Will Sponsor
Mixer Friday
A Grad Mixer, sponsored by the
Graduate Student Council, will be
held from 9 to 12 p. m. Friday at the
Rackham Assembly Hall, Rostislav
A. Galuzevski, recently-named presi-
dent of the Council, said yesterday.
Preceding the Mixer, movies of the
Michigan-Purdue football game will
be shown at 8 p. m. in the Rackham
Amphitheatre.
Records will supply the music for
dancing, while Hindu and Filipino
folk dancing will be featured during
intermission. All graduate students
and their friends are "invited to at-
tend.
Atomic Energy Will
Be Forum Subject
"Atomic Energy" will be the sub-
ject of a Graduate Student Council-
sponsored forum to be held at 8 p. m.
Tuesday, Dec. 4, in the Rackham
Lecture Hall, it was announced yes-
terday.
Prof. Kasimir Fajans of the chem-
istry department will discuss "Atomic
Energy, Source of Power," with Prof.
George Uhlenbeck of the physics de-
partment speaking on "Atomic En-
ergy in Future Warfare."
CLASSIFI ED
DIRECTOIYJ

ALTERATIONS

ALTERATIONS: Ladies garments.
Some work on men's wear. Velvet
collar. 410 Observatory. Phone
2-2678.
WANTED
WANTED: Boy for helper in kitchen.
Kappa Delta, 1620 Cambridge.
WANTED: Veteran desires late model
automobile. Call Bruce Elliott af-
ter 7 p. m. Phone 24551.
WANTED: Second-hand camera in
good condition. $15-$25.00. Contact
Fred Ullman, 420 S. 5th Ave. 8367.
WANTED: Sewing, repairing, refit-
ting or the making up of new ma-
terial. Miss Livingston, 315 S. Divi-
sion. 2nd floor front.
HELP WANTED
MEN AND WOMEN on part-time
basis as orderlies and nurses' aides
at University Hospital. Apply at
hospital Personnel office. Room
1022,
STUDENT KITCHEN HELP-dinners
only, no Sundays. Mrs. Zimmer, 915'
Oakland. Phone 22868.
LOST AND FOUND
LOST: Silver bracelet with 13 hearts.
Reward. Call 2-3279.
LOST: Ladies' Gruen wrist watch.
initials JCI on back. If found,
phone Jane Ingersoll at 2-1146.
LOST: Lady's gold wrist watch, Witt-
nauer. Probably Washtenaw and
North University area. 6893. Re-
ward.
LOST: Brown silk handbag in vicin-
ity of Thayer and Washington on
Thursday afternoon. Contains keys,
kidgloves. Call 3723. Reward.
LOST: Mu Phi Epsilon pin on Tues.
S.C.K. inscribed on the back. Re-
ward! Finder please contact Sybil
-4121 Ext. 114.

Prof. Leslie A. White, of the an- Of SRA Music Seminar
thropology department, will give an
address in honor of Lewis Henry Professor Theodore Heger will lead
Morgan, distinguished anthropolo- the Student Religious Association's
gist, tomorrow at Union College, Music Seminar in a discussion of the
Schenectady, N.Y. Gregorian Chant tomorrow at 7:30
Prof. White has been collecting p.m. at Lane Hall.
material for a biography of Morgan This chant marks the founding of
for the past 10 years, and. has pub- the first church music and is still
lished several articles. Morgan is used in the Catholic mass today. All
known as the "father of American students interested in the discussion
anthropology." are invited to attend.

Victory Bonds Bought Here
Obtain Tickets for Bond Pre-
miere "'Week-End at the Wal-
dorf" State Theater-Nov. 28

rA

a

3ICHIGAN

ENDING WEDNESDAY
30c until 5 P.M.

Continuous
Daily
from 1 P.M.

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Weekdays
30c to 5 P.M.

TOMORROW NIGHT

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