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November 14, 1945 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-11-14

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&1 r~ 3ir1!3au ai1r

Fifty-Sixth Year

tetter6pi to (Ae 6dtior

Doolittle Approved HospitaiBombing

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Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Ray Dixon...... . . . . . Managing Editor
Robert Goldman.... . ...... City Editor
Betty Roth .. ..........Editorial Director
MAtrgaret Farmer.. .. . . . . Associate Editor
Arthur J. Kraft . . . Associate Editor
Bill Mullendore . . . . . . . . Sports Editor
Mary Lu Heath . . . . . . Associate Spsrts Editor
Ann Schutz ....... ....Women's Editor
Dona Guimares . . . . . Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Dorothy Flint.... . . ... ... Business Manager
Joy Altman . . .... ..Associate Business Mgr.
Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mal matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Prodigal Returns
ANNOUNCEMENT of the return to campus of
the Gargoyle is good news to both those who
remember the halcyon days of pre-war humor
and to those who know the magazine only
through hearsay and stray copies that escaped
death by fire.
With the re-establishment of. the Garg, the
hearty laugh and the naughty giggle will again
take their place in Art, rescued from the exile
which was lightened only by Barnaby and P.
-Milt Freudenheim
FEPC Support
THE FEPC BILL, now being sat on and smoth-
ered in the Rules Committee of the House,
will soon be dead and buried unless enough of
our congressmen sign the Discharge Petition to
release the bill automatically from the jurisdic-
tion of that committee.
In the Senate, an attempt is being made by
Senator Taft to ruin the effectiveness of the
bill through a proposal which would limit the
FEPC to merely "a study" of discrimination in
As a temporary committee, the FEPC has
made many contributions. As a permanent com-
mittee, it will be invaluable. We must do more
than just talk in its behalf.
In order to promote congressional action on
this most pressing problem, the executive com-
mittee of the Unitarian Student Group met early
this fall to formulate plans for a campaign to
publicize and stimulate favorable action on this
An FEPC Week has been planned for the
early part of December. During this week, the
bill will be studied by campus organizations,
petitions to the Rules Committee gathered, and
literature about the FEPC distributed.
To climax these activities, a prominent Ameri-
can will speak at a mass meeting.
Although local in origin, this campaign is not
local in scope. Members of the group have con-
tacted other campuses which are planning to
undertake similar projects.
Effective action can be taken if YOU, demo-
cratic minded Americans who are opposed to
discrimination will expend your efforts tward
getting this bill forced out upon the floor of
Congress when Congressmen must vote favor-
ably on it.
-Lynne Sperber
Petroleum Pact

THE new Anglo-American Petroleum Pact is
little different from the treaty signed in Au-
gust 1944 which was subsequently smothered by
the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. This
Pact as well as the preceding treaty renders
meaningless any such naive discussion about
"equal opportunity.'' American producers, afraid
that an international petroleum commission
woluld mean government interference, have
fashioned a commission which will have power
to talk not act.
Afraid that the treaty would facilitate im-
ports into this country to supplement dwin-
dling oil reserves they have excluded from the

Fascism at Home
To The Editor:
ALTHOUGH we have just victoriously com-
pleted our military struggle to free the world
from fascism and its doctrines, we find that ide-
ologically fascism persists. We have fascism right
in our backyards. Here in Ann Arbor for in-
stance, a variety of business-establishments have
been discriminating against negro-students of
this university and colored citizens of the area.
As students of the University of Michigan
we should have the intellectual capacity to
perceive the relationship between fascist ideol-
ogy and its concrete manifestations in this
Fascism is a way of thinking and a way of
acting. Certain business interests of this com-
munity persist in thinking and acting the fascist
way. The time has come for us students to take
steps in initiating democratic procedures in the
relationship between town business interests and
negro students, negro veterans and patrons. We
have had enough talk about democracy.
Students. Townspeople. If you want to help
bring democracy to Ann Arbor, come to the
organizational meeting of the Inter-Racial
Association today, 7:30 p.m., Union, Room 34.
-Herbert A. Otto
Veteran for AVC
To the Editor:
ABOUT a year ago my aid station ras in the
middle of the Siegfried line, close to Aachen.
We hadn't moved but a few miles since we en-
tered Germany six weeks earlier. Ruins of for-
mer houses were such good shelter that there was
not a casualty from the artillery all day. I
hadn't had so much free time since right after
we took Palermo. All the other medics were
asleep so I was free to read.
An old copy of Collier's caught my eye. I
slowly read an article on Veterans' organizations
with an impressive stateient by Col. Carlson, of
the Marines and Raider fame, about the Ameri-
can Veterans' Committee. I had heard of Cap-
tain Bolt6 before through an interview in PM.
Right then and there I wrote a V-Mail and
joined AVC. Ever since I have been proud of
my foresight.
The record speaks for itself: San Francisco
Conference, Congressional hearings on all
forward-looking legislation, and our slogan of
"What's good for the country is good for the
Vet" makes us the outstanding organization of
World War I. Here at Michigan we are get-
ting a fine start with our up to the minuute
And don't forget, you vets, AVC membership
entitles you not to bonus promises but to an
opportunity to work and think with other vets
on issues and situations which are important
to you and affect you because they affect
-Dr. Sydney S. Norwick
Slow Transport Scored
To The Editor:
THE enclosed copy of a letter printed in the
Daily Pacifican, well describes the situation
existing here at this time-:
It is rather obvious to this writer that the War
Department is saving face and hoodwinking
Congress and the American people by discharg-
ing low-point men in the states and bringing
them back from nearer theaters such as Europe
and Hawaii. This compiles a fine statistical rec-
ord to forestall domestic criticism ("foreign"
criticism is of no account) and makes the point
system as much a laughing stock among GI's as
temporary duty and rotation have been.
It is our proposal that no man should be re-
turned to the states or discharged within the
states with less than 90 points until all men
with over 90 points are brought back from all
theaters. Nor should they be granted indefinite
furlough. This is not purely a spite suggestion.
A bad situation should be spread out rather
than directed against a minority which is so
far from home they can't do anything about
it. By thus bringing the true situation to all
the American people some decent action might
result rather than some high-flown figures
that do not tell the whole truth.

We should like to see some transports in this
theater. We did not ask to be sent here. Ninety-
nine percent wanted to go to Europe. Why should
a man actually be punished for spending years
on such unsavory places as Guadalcanal, Saipan
or New Guinea?
We should like also not two Liberty ships to be
converted (an obvious save-face policy) but 200,
and not next week but now. It is nothing short
of idiotic to "experiment" with something that
has been put in practice for three years.
Screaming headlines state that 60-point men
are eligible for return November 1. This makes
wonderful reading for the folks back home.
They do not know that there are 80-to-90-
point men over here and not the slightest possi-
bility of 60-point men returning in November
or December. Any day they miss a letter they
figure their boys are on the way back home.
Beautiful propaganda!
-Lt. Col. S. P. Hubbard APO 718
and 20 others
The G.L waiting here for passage home, will

give more than a casual thought to plans of pri-
vate shipping companies "to resume," in the
near future, "regular passenger service." He will
notice each Liberty or Victory ship that sails out
of this harbor "riding high" and headed for
home. He will think too, of all the empty space
in the ships that hustled to New York to cele-
brate Navy Day. He will wonder "how long he is
to be forgotten or ignored?"
It would seem that Mr. and Mrs. Civilian
might allow the ships to be used to bring the
"boys" home, before "business as usual" is
-T/4 George Stickradt, Manila, P..
Big Business Football
To The Editor:
THERE appeared in last Friday's sports column,
an editorial written by the Sports Editor, urg-
ing University of Michigan students to show
greater enthusiasm in regard to football, both
at rallies and at the games.
However, in the last few years Michigan foot-
ball has meant Big Business to the University,
rather than a means of displaying athletic skill
and school spirit. The students sit in the worst
seats in the stadium while the 50 yard line seats
and other choice spots are sold to the general
public, bringing profit to the Athletic Associa-
tion. Undoubtedly, the students could cheer
more conscientously if they could tell just what
action is taking place on the field, rather than
having to take a portable radio along in order to
prevent seriows cases of eye-strain.
Until the students are given better seats, we
have little hope for increased enthusiasm
among them.
-Bob Tisch
Sol Scott
America Adrift
THE DISCUSSION of the full employment bill
has been a shade too matter-of-fact, for
there are great intangibles involved, which de-
serve an airing. For one, it seems to me that our
foreign policy might be quite different if we were
sure of full employment. We are sort of lost in
Europe at the moment, nervous and distressed in
a continent going left, precisely because vWe are
not quite sure where we are going.
If we felt reasonably secure concerning our
own economic futures, we might show a better
morale in handling European problems; for these
things react on each other; and it is the unspent
passions of our domestic debate which heat to in-
candescence our reactions, official and private
to Britain for voting socialist, to France for split-
ting its vote among three more-or-less leftist
movements, to the Balkans for standing under
Russian influence.
If it were only left manifestations that both-
ered us, the picture might not be so confusing;
but we are almost equally disturbed by what
might be called good, orthodox capitalist activity
abroad. Thus we ,are almost as irritated when
Britain secures an order for trolley cars in Ar-
gentina as we are when Manchester votes social-
Mr. Baruch makes a pother against lending
money to radical foreign countries so that they
can "nationalize their industries against us;"
but a large, very vocal group in Congress is
equally opposed to lending money to foreign
countries so that they can stay capitalist and
compete with us. The vibrations set up by our
own economic uncertainties jiggle our hand
when we attempt to deal with foreign affairs;
and it seems clear enough that a steadier
course at home would lead to a steadier course
"NE picks up a newspaper and reads casual
editorial comment to the effect that one vir-
tue of universal training is that it will take two
million men a year off the labor market; and one
receives from that a very clear impression about
the close connection between a full employment
act and a better foreign policy.
We need a standing army, because ours is
that kind of a world; but to mix that concep-

tion with unemployment relief is to show al-
most nakedly where unemploment leads. Drift,
and not imperialism, as the Communists would
have it, is at the bottom of it; and to check this
kind of drift to war is one of the intangible
values offered by the full employment bill.
These intangible values are hard to compute
in dollars and cents, and so are ignored by the
more determinedly statistical of editorial writ-
ers. One of the intangibles which helps Russia
achieve success in her management of foreign af-
fairs is that she is able to offer security; and one
of the intangible values in our own full employ-
ment bill is that it would enable us to show that
security is possible within the framework of po-
litical democracy.
In casting up the account for full employ-
ment, we might find that we are getting much
more than full employment for our money, a
concept that ought not to be hard to sell to a
country whose business men, generally, know
that you have to pay for anything worth while
in this world, and that bargain-hunting is dan-

WASHINGTON-Gen. Jimmy Doo-
little, who jumped down the
Navy's throat last week, sometimes
has had his own Army brass hats
jump down his throat. At such times
this column has always defended him.
However, Jimmy, despite his accom-
plishments, has some sore spots in his
career that his publicity experts have
carefully hushed up.
One hitherto concealed incident oc-
curred when General Doolittle order-
ed his Eighth Air Force to bombard
the town of Bad Kreuznach, Ger-
many. Gist of the order was:
"Target is the town of Bad Kreu-
znach. Main paint of impact shall
be a viaduct crossing the railroad
in the approximate center of town.
The object of the mission is to
bury the railroad with debris from
the buildings of the town, so as to
prohibit the railroad's use.
Before the planes took off, pictures
of the town were given the pilots.
The pictures clearly showed a large
and plainly marked hospital to the
west and south of the main point of
impact. The pilots know that given
such an objective, it would be almost
impossible to avoid hitting the hospi-
tal. However, they were under orders.
The raid was led by the 490th Bomb
Group Heavy. Lead bombardier was
Flight Officer P. K. O'Donnell, now
a lieutenant. An instant after he
released his bombs, O'Donnell re-
marked over the inter-phone com-
munications system: "There go the
high's bombs. They'll get the hos-
pital." Simultaneously the twelve
ships of the squadron released their
The "high" squadron was flying
slightly to the rear right and above
the lead squadron. Subsequent
photographs taken of the bombing
raid showed that the high squadron
had carried out O'Donnell's pre-
diction. The hospital, plainly mark-
ed under the rules of international
warfare, was demolished. Flight
Officer O'Donnell was awarded the
Bombs of the Week" for hitting
the main target.
Later, after American troops occu-
pied the town of Bad Kreuznach, an
American M. P. was strangled by a
German resident, whogave as his
excuse when he was tried that the
Americans had bombed the hospital
and the defenseless town.
NOTE-Lieutenant O'Donnell, of
course, was acting on orders from
his superiors, including General
Doolittle. The fact that he was
awarded "Bombs of the Week" in-
dicated approval by his superiors
of the hospital's destruction.
Locked Doors
THE OPENING session of the Far
Eastern Advisory Commission,
held here last week, was strictly a
closed-door affair. In fact, it was a
locked door affair-with the key on
the outside.
With the press barred even from
the initial ceremonies, the diplomats
of ten nations retired to a third-floor
room in the musty old State Depart-
ment building and saw to it that the
door was closed before a word was
said. Correspondents lined the cor-
ridor outside, sitting on camp stools.
Joe Chiang, veteran correspond-
ent for the Central China News
Agency, suddenly arose from his
seat, staring at the doorknob.
Atomic Bomb
1HE QUESTION of what to do with
the atomic bomb is one of the
most important problems of the Unit-
ed States and Great Britain. At this
moment Prime Minister Atlee, Pres-
ident Truman and Prime Minister
MacKenzie King are discussing the
subject in Washington. One of the
proposals is to outlaw the bomb.
This is not the problem of any two or

three nations, it is the problem of the
entire world. Any plan to outlaw it
is ridiculous. No three men can de-
cide to make the scientific activities
of men all over the world illegal.
Science cannot be outlawed.
If we believe for one moment thai
the secret of this bomb will long re-
main secret, we are deluding ourselves
with a false sense of security. Ther(
are no ultimate secrets in science.
Perhaps there will come a war in
which the atomic bomb will play a
major part. Some say it is inevit-
able; that remains to be seen. We
know that this force is the most
powerful so far discovered. It is
energy and energy can be harnessed
for good as well as evil purposes.
Therefore the only clear course is
to utilize this force in the most pro-
ductive way possible and make no
attempt to deprive the rest of the
world of the knowledge that will
eventually be theirs. Science knows
no geographic boundaries.
-Phyllis L. Kaye

Quietly, he stole over to the door,
grasped the key, which had been
left outside, turned it and departed.
A few minutes later one of the dip-
lomats decided to leave the room. But
it was locked. Inside were such dis-
tinguished diplomats as Secretary of
State Jimmy Byrnes, his Britannic
Majesty's Ambassador the Earl of
Halifax, Chinese Ambassador Dr.
Wei- Tao-Ming, Dutch Ambassador
Dr. A. Loudon, Australian foreign
minister H. V. Evatt, and represent-
atives of France, India, New Zealand,
Canada and the Philippines.

All of them were locked in. News-
men outside grinned as one of the
diplomats banged on the door.
"Joe," remarked one newsman to
Chinese Correspondent Chiang, "I
thought your' country believed in
the open-door policy." Finally, a
kind-hearted reporter rescued the
key from Joe Chiang and unlocked
the door.
After that when the Far Eastern
Commission went inside, they were
careful to put the key on the other
side of the door.
(Copyright, 1945, Bell Syndicate, Inc.)


Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat-
VOL. LVI, No. 12
To the Members of the University
Council: The first regular meeting
of the University Council will be held
in the Rackham Amphitheatre Mon-
day, Nov. 19, at 4:10 p. mn. Agenda:
Reports of Committees on Student
Affairs, Student Conduct, Honors
Convocation, Foreign Students, En-
rollment, Housing, and Official Publi-
Communications to the Regents:
Those who wish to. present communi-
cations for consideration by the Re-
gents are requested to present them
at least eight days before the next
ensuing meeting at the Office of Miss
Edith J. Smith, Budget Assistant to
the President, 1006 Angell Hall. Six-
teen copies of each communication
should be prepared and left with Miss
Smith. A uniform type of paper is
used for communications to the Board
of Regents, a supply of which may be
procured at the Business Office.
Herbert G. Watkins, Secretary
Rhodes Scholarships: The Rhodes
Scholarship Trust announces the re-
sumption of elections of Rhodes
Scholars, including a certain numbei
of War Service Scholars, in December.
1946. Prospective candidates from
this University may obtain informa-
tion about methods of application.
eligibility, etc., from Dr. Frank E
Robbins, 1021 Angell Hall.
School of Business Administration
Convocation for students and faculty
will be held on Thursday, Nov. 15, at
11:00 a.m., in West Gallery, Alumni
Memorial Hall.
Aeronautical Engineering Students:
Two scholarships of $250 each are
available to students in Aeronautical
Engineering who are in need of fi-
nancial assistance and who show def-
inite promise in the field. Applica-
tions concerning these scholarships
should be in letter form, addressed to
Professor E. W. Conlon, B-47 East
Engineering Building. Applications
will be received up to Friday, Nov. 16.
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: Attendance report
cards are being distributed through
the departmental offices. Instruct-
ors are requested to use green cards
for reporting freshmen and sopho-
mores, and buff cards for 'reporting
juniors and seniors. Reports of fresh-
men and sophomores should be sent
to the Office of the Academic Coun-
selors, 108 Mason Hall; those of jun-
iors and seniors to 1220 Angell Hall.
Please note especially the regula-
tions concerning three-week absences.
and the time limits for dropping
courses. The rules relating to ab-
sences are printed on the attendance
cards. They may also be found on
Page 46 of the 1945-46 Fall. Term
Announcement of our College.
E. A. Walter
To the Faculty and Students of the
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts: Beginning Monday, Nov.
12, the Office of Admissions with Ad-
vanced Standing will be open only
during the following hours: Monday-
Friday, 11-12 and 2-4; Saturday 9-12.
College of Literature, Science and
the Arts Changes in Election: Afte
the first week, cha hges may be made
by freshmen and sophomores only b
permission of the Academic Counsel-
ors and upon the payment of a fee o
$1.00. After the first week, juniors
and seniors must receive Associat
Dean Walter's permission, and mus

pay a fee of $1.00. .
Students, School of Education: N
course may be elected for credit afte
today. Students must report al
changes of elections at the Registrar';
Office, Room 4 University Hall. Mem

Choral Union Members: Beginning
Thursday, Nov. 15, all rehearsals of
the Choral Union will be held in
Room B, in Haven Hall. Members
will please be governed accordingly.
Hardin Van Deursen, Conductor,
Identification Pictures will be taken
in Room 7, Angell Hall in the follow-
ing order for students who registered
Monday, Oct. 29 (the first day of
registration). Please bring your reg-
istration receipt. The photographic
room will be open from 8:00 a. m. to
5:00 p. m. daily including the noon
New Freshmen and New Transfer
R-Z Wednesday, Nov. 14
Old Students:
A-L Thursday, Nov. 15
M-Z Friday, Nov. 16
Saturday (8:00-12:00) Nov. 17.
To all male students in the College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:
By action of the Board of Regents,
all male students in residence in this
College must elect Physical Educa-
tion for Men.
Veterans are permanently excused
from fulfilling the P.E.M. require-
ment, provided they have completed
their basic training or have. served
at least six months in one of the
branches of the armed forces.
Students may be excused from tak-
ing the course by (1) The University
Health Service, (2) The Dean of the
College or by his representative, (3)
The Director of Physical Education
and Athletics.
Petitions for exemption by students
in this College should be addressed by
freshmen and sophomores to Profes-
sor Arthur Van Duren, Chairman of
the Academic Counselors (108 Mason
Hall); by all other students to Asso-
ciate Dean E. A. Walter (1220 Angell
Except under very extraordinary
circumstances no petitions will be
considered after the end of the sec-
ond week of the Fall Term.
Student Football Admissions: Stu-
dents who have not yet received their
football admission tickets must pres-
?nt their physical education coupons
at the Administration Building, Fer-
ry Field, before 5:00 p. m. today. No
student admission tickets will be
available after that time.
H. 0. Crisler,
Director of Athletics.
Attention, Pre-Medical Students:
The Medical Aptitude Test, sponsored
by the Association of American Medi-
cal Colleges, will be given at the Uni-
versity of Michigan on Friday, Dec.
14. The test is a normal require-
ment for admission to nearly all
medicalschools. It is extremely im-
oortant for all students planning to
enter a medical school in the fall of
1946 to take the examination at this
time. If the test has already been
taken, it is not necessary or advis-
able to repeat it.
Further information may be ob-
tained in Room 4, University Hall, and
lees must be paid at the Cashier's
Office by Dec. 1.
Candidates for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate for February: A list of candi-
dates has bedn posted on the bulletin
board of the School of Education,
Room 1431 University Elementary
School. Any prospective candidates
whose name does not appear on this
list should call at the office of the
Recorder of the School of Education,
1437 University Elementary School.
New York Civil Service announce-
ments have been received in our office
3 for examinations for positions in var-
ious towns of Westchester County.
They include Senior Medical Social
y workers, Senior Psychiatric Social
-Worker, Intermediate Stenographer,
f Junior Typist, Intermediate Typist,
s Senior Account Clerk, Intermediate
e Account Clerk and Stenographer, and

t Junior Stenographer. For further in-
formation call at the Bureau of Ap-
pointments, 201 Mason Hall.
r Detroit Civil Service Announce-
l ments for the following examinations
s have been received in our office: Jun-
- ior Accountant, $2,415 to $2,691,
QnniC~nir nmnfnft M fn

(Copyright, 1945, N. Y. Post Syndicate)


By Crockett Johnson
c 7c ETr





C ocK E't"f,


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