TI- 1J V C I!AAI
13, lii f
7 ]The Pen dulun
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON, Jan. 18-Closest person to the
President as he stands at the threshold of
his fourth term is no longer Harry Hopkins, no
longer Mrs. Roosevelt, but his attractive, viva-
cious daughter, Anna Boettiger.
For about two years, Anna has been living at
the White House where she has come to be
not only hostess, but her father's confidant,
friend and advisor. More and more personal
appointments, more and more private reports
dealing with important policy now pass through
Anna's hands. Sometimes during a conversa-
tion in his executive office, the President will
pick up the phone and call his daughter in the
residence part of the White House to ask her the
status of a certain problem he is discussing.
Anna has a good head, a refreshing point of
view, and her mother's indefatigable energy.
When she lived in Seattle, where her husband,
John Boettiger, was publisher of the Post-In-
telligencer, Anna edited the woman's page, help-
ed with the paper generally and was a real asset.
Came the war, and John got a captain's
commission after attending the school for
military government, later going to Italy. Now,
however, he is back and living in the White
House, where he rates probably next to Anna
and perhaps equal to Harry Hopkins in the
Ioettiger Watches Politics .. .
MOST PEOPLE didn't know it, but Boettiger.
despite his Army uniform, sat in on the famous
White House dinner just before the Chicago
convention in July, where Mayor Kelly of Chi-
cago, Mayor Hague of Jersey City, Postmaster
General Walker and Chairman Bob Hannegan
persuaded F. D. R. to shelve Henry Wallace and
take Harry Truman for Vice-President.
Boettiger, still in the Arry, kees out of the
limelight, isn't seen much around Washington,
but is very much in the inner councils of his
father-in-law, especially when it comes to Ital-
ian government problems. Here this advice
counts as much or more than the State De-
For years, the President cherished the idea
that one of his sons might work with him at the
White House. For a while, eldest son Jimmy
did come down from Cambridge to act as ad-
ministrative assistant to the President without
salary. But Jimmy had other interests, includ-
ing a beautiful nurse he met at the Mayo Clinic.
who later became Mrs. Jimmy. So he left for
Later Franklin Jr., while studying law at the
University of Virginia, was around the White
Now all four boys are in the armed ser-
vices and the President has fallen back on his
daughter, who perhaps even more than Jimmy,
always has been the apple of his eye.
Negro Troops OK'd ...
MEMBERS of the Mississippi Congressional
delegation met last week to welcome one of
their state's war heroes-Lieutenant Van T.
Barfoot of Carthage, Miss., who has been award-
ed the Medal of Honor, The Silver Star, the
Bronze Star and the Purple Heart. A soft-
spoken lad who had never been out of Missis-
sippi before entering the army, Lieutenant Bar-
foot fought with distinction in Africa, Sicily
A little embarrassed at being surrounded by
Congressmen, Barfoot told some of his experi-
ences in combat and tried to answer questions.
One of them finally came from Senator Theo-
dore (the man) Bilbo on his favorite sub-
"Lieutenant," Bilbo asked, "did you have much
trouble with Negroes over there?"
Bilbo was set back on his heels when the
"Mr. Senator, I found out after I did some
fightin' in this war the colored boys fight just
as good as the white boys. I have changed my
ideas a lot about colored people since I got into
this war, and so have a lot of other boys from
the South. We've found the colored boys all
Then Lieutenant Barfoot quietly volunteered
"Coming up to Washington on the train I
went into the diner and found it full. The wait-
er told me I'd have to wait, but I could see,
behind a little curtain, a colored army captain
sitting at a table by himself. I said, "What's
wrong with that table?' The steward told me
he didn't think I'd want to sit with a colored
man and I said:
" 'Why not? I've fought with colored men-
why shouldn't I eat with 'em.' I sat with that
colored captain and we had a fine chat."
Senator Bilbo then launche into a long
peroration about what a great friend of the
Negro race he is, telling among other things,
how he proposed transplanting American
Negroes to Liberia.
Not present at the Mississippi meeting was
Congressman John Rankin.
DIPLOMATIC corps reaction to Senator "Long
Tom" Connally's proposal for a world coun-
cil until the United Nations organization gets
underway is generally favorable-with one big
if. The if is that the council be given real
authority and consist of top-notch men.
DiOlomats point to two other international
couhcils. farmed within two years which got
absolutely nowhere. They are still function-
ing-in theory-and if given any power could
have prevented the trouble, in Greece, Belgium
and Ital .
One of them, the Mediterranean Council, in-
cluded the U. S. A., Britain and Russia, and was
formed, in the fall of 1943, after Russia raised a
row over not being included in the Italian ar-
mistice ORMS. The American representative, Ed
Wilson, is one.of the ablest, best qualified diplo-
mats in the State Department and did an A-i
However, he lacked just one thing-enough
personal prestige to buck. Rosevelt. After a
short time in North Africa, Wilson saw that De-
Gaulle would have to be recognized. But F. D. R.
was opposed. When Wilson couldn't put across
this basic point, he felt it was useless to return
to North Africa.
The No. 2 International Council was formed
as a result of Hull's trip to Moscow, and, sit-
ting in London, was to iron out political prob-
lems. U. S. Ambassador Winant is the Ameri-
can Representative, but he also suffered
through lack of authority. The British For-
eign Office or the Allied military have taken
things into their: ewn hands when they wanted
to surround the Belgian parliament with
British tanks and ram new decrees down the
throats of liberated governments.
So Connally's chief hurdle will be to organ-
ize a world council which can act, not merely
serve as window-dressing.
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate nc.)
RISE OF NAZISM:
W HILE WE in the United States were smugly
confident that war on earth was a thing
of the past and that no nation, especially a
soundly thrashed and economically poor Ger-
many, would dare disturb our tranquility or
that of Europe, "poor" Germany was arming,
first secretly and later openly, for a gigantic
war, which they thought, would place them,
the master race, on top of the world. While
American boys were shooting marbles, German
boys were shooting revolvers, rifles and ma-
chine guns. While our youth burned up the
highways in gayfully decorated jallopies, Ger-
man youth was hard at work, riding over field
and highway on grim motorcycles and master-
ing the intricacies of military aviation. While
our lads were out fishing, German lads wete
training for 'U' boat warfare. And while we
sipped ice-cream sundaes and cokes in the
corner drug store and danced for exercise, the
youth of Nazi Germany, as long ago as 1934,
were getting the final physical polish and punch
short of military training.
More than 2,500,000 German boys entered
the Arbeitsdienst, a compulsory labor ser-
vice, which every boy joined at the age of 18.
There they were used for construction. Their
bodies were hardened; discipline was tighten-
ed; they worked and lived as a team.
Pictures show them marching the Nazi goose-
step, and when they marched they did not
wear dungarees. They were bedecked in flashy
uniforms with the familiar Nazi swastika arm-
band. When they were not parading, they
built military roads, dug canals and received
thorough indoctrination in Nazi ideals. These
men, later taken into the Wehrmacht to con-
struct fortifications, bridges and airports, were
the final step in building German manpower into
one, big team.
"The German boy," says Capt. Arthur Good-
friend, "physically hardened and with a Nazi-
doctored mind and spirit, joined the army in
his nineteenth year. The laws of March and
May, 1935, revived conscription and put the
German Army back on its feet. By the time the
rookie got into the army he had had about 12
years of pre-military training. So he felt at
home in his uniform, in a barracks and with a
And the German soldier knew his lessons
well. Modern warfare techniques in air-
ground forces and street fighting were learn-.
ed by Hitler's "volunteers" who fought forj
the rebels in Spain. When war actually came
in 1939, the German soldier was prepared and
ready to go-And he took to heart the state-'
ment made in Deutche Wehr, periodical of
the German Officer Corps: "The next tear will
require the highest degree of brutality." The
German soldier was first a fighter. He knew
pacifism only as the enemy.
-Arthur J. Kraft }
Olt Second Thought .
By RAY DIXON
SNOW HAS LAIN on the campus greensward
for a month now and one almost forgets
that there's nice clean dirt underneath.j
A grand total of $30,000 is being offered
for information leading to the capture of
the Ilooper killer. Ali of which is very fine,
but we can't help comparing the figure with
the $2,I57 Hooper w-as supposed to earn from
the State during the next two years. Maybe
a little more annual moola for the legislators
would have eliminated the temptation to take
graft and resulted in one less murder.
Michigan is in a fine state-of affairs.
By BERNARD ROSENBERG
THREE great reform movements
have left their impress on this
country. Two of these, the Jeffer-
sonian and the Jacksonian, rested
upon an agricultural economy which
fell into obsolescence with the devel-
opment- of industrial America. Not
until the Rooseveltian era did a na-
tional administration ally itself to
any real extent with the working
man. Even Lincoln was elected as a
free soil candidate of the Republican
Party-for in his day, the admission
of new territory and its status rela-1
ive to slavery were the burning
It isessential to keep in mind
that such pi'obress as was made
duriig each spurt previous to the
New Deal received its impetus from
an ever-expanding frontier that
acted as the crucible of America.
The Virginia yeomen, with their
intellectial leaders and democratic
institutions hadgiven us four of
OMr first five tPresidents. Before
they relinquished sectional su-j
prehiacy to South Carolina, and
in some measure after that, these
same Virginians and the Physio-
cratic philosophy they imbibed
were mighty influential in the new
A way of life developed there with
Jeffersonianism as its inspiration.
Similarly, the impulse behind Jack-
son's reform program was a product
of that agrarian liberty which had,
been nurtured on America's frontier.
Yeomanry in the west as in Virginia,
stimulated this process. Independent'
farmers, many of whom had but
recently gained freedom from inden-
tured servitude, tilling their small
tracts of land, hewing away forests,
building homes, setting up educa-
tional systems, subduing the ele-
ments, and working side by side-had
woven a strand of freedom into the
warp and woof of America that could
not easily be torn asunder.
Uncouth in some ways but bas-
ically humanitarian, Jackson seem-
ed to personify the movement that
had propelled him into office. A
libertarian outlook emerged with
this President, from the backwoods
and hinterlands where the con-
tamination of Negro slavery had
never spread, where men learned
brotherhood and came to believe in
it. In general there can be no
doubt that frontier equalitarian-
ism hastened what has been the
partial democratization of this
But there is the rub: we have yet
to attain full democracy and the
frontier is gone, gone geographically
forever. The old solution associated
journalistically with Horace Greeley
is inapplicable to the new problem.
One remembers the Keynsian argu-
ment for pump priming a decade
ago. It pointed to the disappearance
of the frontier, the declining birth
rate, and the absence of new inven-
tions. With particular emphasis on
the first of these, Henry Wallace,
heralded the New Deal'in 1934 when,.;
as Secretary of Agriculture, he wrote
a book called "New Frontiers." It
suggested artificial stimulation of the
economic machine by government
expenditure of public funds, for the
rejuvination of our land.
IN A SENSE this New Deal plan was
aborted by the .war. In another
sense it was vindicated. For, see-we
are engaged in deficit spending, eco-
nomic planning, and government in-
tervention in business-without any
visible sign of imminent bankruptcy.
Who talks today of balancing the
budget? Has anyone the temerity to
protest against the fabulous appro-
priations Congress makes daily? Of
course not. The United States has
since the war literally bought itself
out of unemployment and into pros-
perity. Not only is the worker receiv-
ing more money than ever before but
corporate income, over and above
federal taxes, has this year soared to
an all time high.
Some gloomy economists tell us
this is just a joy ride and the Unit-
ed States is headed for the bust
that follows every boom. They are
probably right, too. But what really
gives one a sickening sensation in
his stomach (and elsewhere) is
that they need not be right, that
just as we have intelligently mo-
bilized our resources for war we
can marshal .them for peace. The
C.I.O. has proposed that what is
now the War Production Board be
supplanted by another committee,
the Peace Production Board. This
is the best proposal to come from
organized labor since its inception.
That it. will be disregarded, and it
will be disregarded, is a comment
of sorts on the contemporary scene.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 2)
Mon. at 2-Mon., Feb. 19, 8:00-10:00
Mon. at 3-Thu., Feb. 22, 8:00-10:00
Tu. at 8-Fri., Feb. 23, 10:30-12:30
Tu. at 9--Wed., Feb. 21, 10:30-12:30
Tu. at 10-Tues., Feb. 20, 10:30-12:30
Tu. at 11-Mon., Feb. 19, 2:00-4:00
Tu. at 1-Sat., Feb. 17, 2:00-4:00
Tu. at 2-Thu., Feb. 22, 2:00-4:00
Tu. at 3-Tues., Feb. 20, 2:00-4:00
Conflicts, Special-Sat., Feb. 24, 8-10
Special Periods, College of Litera-
ture, Science, and the Arts:
Time of Examination
Speech 31, 32; French 1, 2, 11, 31,
32, 61, 62, 91, 92, 93, 153-Mon., Feb.
Chemistry 55-Mon., Feb. 19, 8:00-
English 1, 2; Economics 51, 52, 53.
54-Tues., Feb. 20, 2-00-4:00.
Botany 1; Zoology 1; Psychology
31--Wed., Feb. 21, 8:00-10:00.
Sociology 51, 54-Thu., Feb. 22.
Spanish 1, 2, 31, 32; German 1, 2.,
31, 32-Fri., Feb. 23, 2:00-4:00.
Political Science 1, 2--Sat., Feb. 17.
School of Business Administration:
Courses not covered by this schedule
as well as any necessary changes will
be indicated on the School bulletin
School of Forestry:Courses not
covered by this schedule as well as
any necessary changes will be indi-
cated on the School bulletin board
School of Music: Individual In-
struction in Applied Music. Indi-
vidual examinations by appointment
will be given for all applied music
courses (individual instruction) elec-
ted for credit in any unit of the
University. For time and place of
examinations, see bulletin board at
the School of Music.
School of Public Health: Courses
not covered by this schedule as well
as any necessary changes will bc
indicated on the School bulletin
To Members of the Faculty, College
of Literature, Science and the Arts:
There will be a special meeting of the
Faculty of the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts at 4:10 p.m. on
Monday, Jan. 22, in Rm. 1025 Angell
#Hall, to continue the discussion of ;
for research which use rationed items.
In order that the University may be
properly registered with the Local
Ration Board, it is requested that
you report to Mr. W. W. Buss, Rm.
B124, University Hospital, by Jan. 22
the quantities of rationed foods you
anticipate using from Jan. 1, 1945
through Dec. 31, 1945.
The points are granted by quar-
terly periods of three months each.
Therefore, please indicate the quan-
tities you need for each quarter
under the following classications:
1. Processed Foods. 2. Meat, Fats.
Oils and Canned Fish. 3. Sugar.
Laboratories or research projects
failing to make this report may
expect to find themselves denied
their necessary supplies.
All Students, Registration for Spring3
Term: Each student should plan to
register for himself according to the
alphabetical schedules for March 1
and 2. Registrations by proxy will
not be accepted.
Registration Material, College of
L. S. & A., Schools of Ed-
ucation, Music, Public Health:
Students should call for spring
term registration material at Rm.
4, University Hall beginning Jan.
22. Please see your aavisor and
secure all necessary signatures be-
fore examinations begin.
Registration Material, College of
Architecture: Students should call
for spring term material at Rm. 4,
University Hall beginning Jan. 22.
The College of Architecture will post
an announcement in the near future
giving time of conferences with your
classifier. Please wait for this notice
before seeing your classifier.
Registration Material, School of
Forestry and Conservation: Registra-
tion material should be called for
beginning Jan. 22 at Rm. 2048, Nat-
offices of the University Musical So-
ciety in Burton Memorial Tower
daily; and in the lobby of the Rack-
ham Building preceding each con-
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: Twenty Lithographs, by
prominent artists, loaned through
the Museum of Modern Art, New
York City. Ground floor corridor,
Architecture Building. Open daily
9 to 5, except Sunday, through .aJ.
29. The public is invited.
At the regular Seminar meeting of
the Department of Chemical and
Metallurgical Engineering at 4 p.m.
in Rm. 3201 of the East Engineering
Building. Mr. M. J. Sinnott will speak
on the subject "Photographic Meth-
ods for Engineers." All persons in-
terested are cordially invited to
The Geometry Seminar will meet
in Rm. 3001 Angell Hall at 4:15.
Professor Anning will speak on Inte-
gral Distances. Tea at 4.
Kappa Phi, Methodist College Wo-
men's Club, will hold its meeting
today at the church on State St.
Pledge meeting at 5 o'clock. Supper
at 5:30 followed by a program on
"Illiteracy." The Ensian pictures will
be taken at 6:15.
Alpha Phi Omega will hold a meet-
ing in the Michigan Union at 7:30
p.m. All members are requested to
attend. Alpha Phi Omega extends a
special invitation to this meeting to
the Combined Report of the Curricu-
lum Committee and the Committee
on Concentration and Group Re-
quirements. A large attendance is
School of Education Faculty: The
January meeting of the faculty will
be held on Monday, Jan. 22, in the
University Elementary School Li-
brary. The meeting will convene at
Important Notice in re Rationing
of Certain Materials for Research:
Stricter rules and regulations govern-
ing the rationing of "Processed
Foods, Meats, and Sugar" have now
gone into effect. This applies to all
laboratories and departments manu-
facturing or carrying on research
work, and to the feeding of animals
ural Science Building.
Robert L. WilliamsI
All Graduate Students Interested
in forming a graduate social organi-
zation, please notify Miss Kelly at
the Graduate School, Rm. 1008..
The last tryout for the French Play
will be held today from 3 to 5 in Rm.
408 of the Romance Language Bldg.
Any student with some knowledge ofI
the French language may try out.
University Lecture: Dr. Gustav E.
von Grunebaum, Professor of Arabic,
University of Chicago, will lecture on
the subject, "The Arabian Nights and
Classical Literature" at 4:15 p.m.,
Wednesday, Feb. 7, in the Rackham
Amphitheatre; auspices of the De-
partment of Oriental Languages and
Literatures. The public is cordially
any faculty member interested in
becoming a faculty advisor of the
fraternity. Will those attending
please come promptly as the Engi-
-neering Smoker is at the same time
and some members would like to
attend this smoker.
Attention Engineers: All engineers
are invited to a smoker, sponsored by
the Engineering Council, to be held
at the Michigan Union this eve-
ning at 7:30. Freshmen and trans-
fer students are especially urged to
attend. The purpose of the smoker
is to acquaint the students with
Engineering organizations and how
the individual may participate in
these extra-curricular campus activi-
ties. Short talks and exhibits will be
presented by the different organiza-
The Regular Thursday Evening
Record Concert will be held in the
r Men's Lounge of the Rackham Build-
ing at 7:45 p.m. The program will
'feature Szostakowicz's Symnhony No.
4 fetureSzosAkoVUw1iez's1l J fr itnv y NV.
Concerts 1 5, Prokofleff's Concerto No. 2 in G
Minor, and Stravinsky's Fire Bird
The Budapest String Quartet, made Suite. All graduate students are cor-
up of Josef Roismann and Edgar dially .invited to attend.
Ortenberg, violinists; Boris Kroyt,
viola and Mischa Schneider, violon- Co m E e t
cello, will give three concerts in the II Ev nts
Fifth Annual Chamber Music Festi- Geological Journal Club meets in
val, Friday at 8:30, and Saturday at Rm. 4065, Nat. Sci. Bldg. at 12:15
2:30 and 8:30, in the main Lecture p.m. on Friday, Jan. 19. Program:
By Crockett Johnson
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