THE MICHIGAN DAILY-
'WEDNESDAY, JAN. 1i, 1945
Encouraging Report on China
Edited and managed by students of the University
of Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Evelyn Phillips . .
Stan Wallace . .
Iank Mantho .
Mavis Kennedy . .
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Associate Sports Editor
. . Women's Editor
. . . 'Business Manager
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. . Associate Business Mgr.
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NIGHT EDITOR: BOB GOLDMAN
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and rpresent the views of the writers only.
Given the opportunity, University students
have proven themselves aware of their campus
responsibilities and have shown an active inter-
est this semester in campus activities for the
first time in many years.
This awakened campus spirit-commended
in every quarter-was first manifest at the
Ferry Field, Pep rally in connection with
Homecoming; at the first Kamnus Kapers
show; the unprecedented turnout for.the all
campus election; and in the renewed support
many campus organizations arc expeiencng.
Although this development is heartening, it
should be viewed as the beginning of greater
things on campus wherein each student feels
an active driving spirit to be a part of every-
thing in campus life.
Realizing that there is a definite need for
organized student entertainment drawing upon
the entire campus for talent, the Union, the
League, and the Daily have combined their
resources and are staging the second produc-
tion of Kampus Kapers.
As the committee points out "this show is
for all the campus and is not for the benefit of
-any group or individual. To be successful the
support of every student in the University
Let's keep the ball rolling and maintain the
campus as it has been this term. Full parti-
cipation on the part of every student is not
mneh -to ask.
Once again the people of the United States
are being asked to pitch in their dimes to help
fight one of the most dreaded diseases, infantile
There are roughly 32,150,000 children in this
country under 15 years of age. Each one of
these children is a candidate fQr infantile
paralysis this year. Even tomorrow one of
these children might wake up twisting and turn-
ing in his bed as he burns with fever and
struggles to straighten spasm-drawn limbs, while
only yesterday he was playing tag. going to
school, or playing ball.
Tomorrow his legs won't work. That is infan-
tile paralysis. More children contracted infan-
tile paralysis in 1944 than in any comparable
period in many recent years.
Because of the efforts of thousands of volun-
teers, each tragedy-hit child will have evey
chance for recovery through the scientific aid
provided by the National Foundation for Infan-
Remember this when you are asked to con-
tribute to the March of Dimes.
Gripes at red tape in handling labor disputes
are disproved by the record of the National
War Labor Board in its three years as a wartime
Since the beginning of the war, the WLB has
handled some 362,000 voluntary and dispute
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON, Jan. 17-After receiving a
long series of discouraging reports on China,
President Roosevelt was delighted last week to
get an encouraging report from Representative
Mike Mansfield of Montana. Mansfield is a
former professor of political science at Montana
University, so before he left for China, the
"I've had reports from trained economists
and trained military. Now I want a report on
what you, an average, intelligent civilian, think
of the situation."
Mansfield spent two months in China, and
called at the White House with his report last
week. Probably the most important thing he
told the President was that the rift caused by
Chiang Kai-Shek's dislike of General Joe Stil-
well has been healed, and that the Generalis-
simo is delighted with the new team of Lieut.
Gen. Al Wedemeyer. Ambassador Patrick J.
Hurley and Donald Nelson.
"If these men had been here a year ago,"
Chiang Kai-Shek told Mansfield, "We would-
n't have had the bad military situation we
Tribute to Donald Nelson . ..
THE MONTANA Congressman paid tribute,
however, to the job General Stilwell had
done in training Chinese troops, and said that'
some of them are now giving an excellent ac-
count of themselves in Burma. He referred
especially to the Chinese first and sixth armies.
The President asked Mansfield how Americans
were now regarded in China and got the report
the United States now stands "Ace's high."
Mansfield went on to say that Donald Nelson
had made a splendid impression on everyone
and had boosted Chinese morale by promising
Only what he is certain he can deliver.
Congressman Mansfield was especially im-
pressed at the way Chiang Kai-Shek is trying
to clean up the bad spots in the Chinese do-
"When Chiang sfinds something wrong,"
Mansfield reported, "He goes after it tooth and
nail. For instance, he found that the people
were upset over the way conscription was be-
ing handled. So he sent his two sons out to
make a quiet investigation. When 'they con-
firmed the reports, Chiang personally went
to the office of the Conscription Director,
checked over the evidence and ordered the
man jailed and court-martialled."
The Montana Congressman also had an in-
teresting visit with Maj. Gen. Claire Chennault,
head of the fourteenth air force in China.
ASKED General Chennault," he later re-
ported, "why he didn't give a build-up to
his air aces as they do in other theatres, and
thus give the boys credit for the enemy planes
they knock off."
"What I want," replied Chennault, "is a
team. If we publish the statistics, the Taps
will lay for our aces and destroy the team.
Every man in my outfit, either on the ground
or in the air, counts just as much with mec
as the man next to him."
The Montanan told FDR that just after he
reached the United States he learned that
Lieut. Col. Bill Reed of Iowa, who was the
"star" of Chennault's team with sixteen Jap
ships to his credit had been killed in action.
Mansfield was the first non-military Ameri-
can to ride over that part of the Burma road
which has been rebuilt. He also spent three
days in a jeep tour of the jungle. He found
morale "magnificent" among the thousands of
American men and the hundreds of American
nurses working under difficult conditions at the
end of the Allied supply line.
One specially significant bit of information
Mansfield brought back was that the Ameri-
cans, British and Chinese now fighting to-
gether in Burma are really getting along well
together for the first time. He paid high
tribute in his report to Major General Fest-
ing, Commander of the British Fourteenth
Army who is cooperating so well with our own
General Wedemeyer. Festing, he said, is the
sort of man the G, .s like.
Note:-Mansfield tried to visit the Chinese
Communists in northern China but was un-
successful. He reported to President Roosevelt
that Marshal Stalin was quite correct in his
dealings with Chiang Kai-Shek, sent all his
Chirifese relief supplies to the central govenment,
none to the Communists.
PRESIDENT Roosevelt's inauguratioi might
have made history in more ways than one
by being the first to be televised. Chief trouble
was that Philco, which requested permission to
do the job, did not make its request until last
week. Arrangements for press and radio cover-
age had already been made, and television cov-
erage would have required the installation of
heavy equipment and would have necessitated
considel'able rearrangements. . . . Representative
Chet Holifield of California has introduced a
bill calling for four-cent air-mail post-cards.
Service men calling the Office of Represent-
ative Helen Gahagan Douglas usually get
through to her even if their names are un-
familiar. That's because many come in from
the China-Burma-India theatre with mes-
sages from her husband, Maj. Melvyn Doug-
las, former Hollywood star.
Former Judge William Clark of the Third
District Court, which includes New Jersey, Penn-
sylvania and Delaware will be reappointed to
his judgeship. Clark told reporters his ap-
pointment is protected by the veterans act.
Greatest difficulty of Burma road engineers
is to convince our own air force not to bomb
the long bridges now held by the Japs. The
Japs are not destroying large parts of the
Burma Road they hold but U. S. airmen are.
Burma engineers have coined a new word to
describe jungle trails. A fairly good trail is
described as "jeepable".
In London they tell Americans, "you've got
to understand our Winston. He believes in
government for the people, not government
by the people."
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
On Sen. Vandenberg
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK, Jan. 17-Sen. Vandenberg has
made himself an exciting man. This is
rather unexpected. One had always considered
him to be in the category of men about whom
you felt that you always knew what they were
going to say next. But he has uncorked a
whopper, a speech which tells us a great deal
about how he has been growing, and how the
country has been growing.
He proposes an immediate treaty under which
the major Allies would agree to use force, at
any time needed, to keep Germany and Japan
permanently disarmed. How simple! After
all, we are fighting Germany and Japan; Ger-
many and Japan are the causes of the present
disaster; they are the enemies of the world.
But some of us have slipped into a diffuse
kind of thinking, in which we have become so
concerned about keeping the Allies down,
about keeping Russia down, and Britain down,
and even ourselves down, that we have raised
the lively pssibility of reaching no accord at
all, thereby failing to keep Germany and
Japan doin. Certainly, when we arrange
the nations in the order in which they are
to be kept down, the enemy should come first.
The idea is a simple one, but it takes maturity
to achieve this kind of simplicity. It is unde-
veloped political thinking which adores com-
pleated proposals, and is not interested in solv-
ing anything, unless it solves everything.
Mr. Vandenberg's proposal comes right out
of the war. This is a war against the German
terror and the Japanese terror; it must be fol-
lowed by a peace which demobilizes these ter-
rors. But judging from the conversation one
hears around, and from some of the things
one reads, the idea has been growing up among
us that the logical consequence of a war against
Germany and Japan is a peace directed against
Russia and Britain.
In our thinking about a postwar world organ-
ization, we have considered every country in the
world to be an equal menace; we have indiscri-
minately lumped peace-loving nations and war-
loving nations together, as being all in need
of the earnest ministrations and close surveil-
lance of the world cop.
Yet the major Allies, the United States,
Britain, Russia, China and France, do not
have bad records in this field; all of them
have, in the last twenty years, shown a desire
to avert and avoid war.
We have confused ourselvs, at least a little
bit, on the Dumbarton Oaks question by phras-
ing it in our minds this way; "How are we going
to stop the peace-loving nations of the world
from committing aggression?" That question
is, to a certain degree, unrealistic.
Sen. Vandenberg's proposal may take some
of the tension and nervousness out of our think-
ing about a world organization, by leading us
back to our real problem, which is the future
of Germany and Japan, two countries which
have clearly tried to knock the rest of the world
in the head.
We are all agreed that Germany and Japan
have earned bad records for themselves; but we
have not sufficiently noted that the Allies, by
fighting the war-makers, have earned good
records for themnselves in the chronicle of our
times, and are entitled to be proud of those
records, and to receive a certain consideration
on account of them. Certainly the Allies are
not the danger to peace that our enemies are.
We need a world organization to curb all; we
must have it; but this problem does not lie at
the same level of necessity as the problem of
curbing the obvious war-makers.
There is a danger that the Senate might rat-
ify a treaty based on the Vandenberg proposal,
then consider its job done, and refuse to go on
to a world organization. But once the Senate
gives the President the power to use troops
against Germany and Japan, at any time, with-
out a declaration of war, the Senate is finished
with isolation forever; it will become extremely
sensitive to any and every threat to peace.
And a second point; Vandenberg has not
changed' in three years from an isolationist
into the man who made this speech, merely
by communing with his soul. He has been
pushed toward change by a changing country.
That country does not intend to stop growing,
nor to let the Senate or any other of its rep-
resentative instrumentalities stop growing,
(Copyright, 1945, New York Post Syndicate)
By ANN FAGAN GINGER
"Oh, the courts are always at
least twenty years behind the times."
"So you're going to be a lawyer.
Have you learned to talk out of both
sides of your mouth yet?" "The
main problem in law is who gets the
money. and why." "The law puts
property rights before human1
The United States Supreme CourtV
is no longer appealed to as an all-o
knowing Body, and the law and the -
legal profession are frequently con-
sidered to be little better than cheap
political tools for making money and
gaining public office. Instead of -
being one of the noble and most im-
portant and worthy pursuits of men,
working with the rules made by so-Y
ciety is scoffed at as a joke.f
This is a stern condemnation
of our whole social system: thef
fact that a group of people or-;
ganized into a political unit can-'
not agree upon a definition of
"justice." Cannot respect theF
institutions and men provided to,
determine the equity in a particu-
lar case. Have no respect for eachl
other, and no respect for the lawt
made by the group.C
And the curious thing is that, in
the past seven years, a change has
been taking place in many courts ine
the country, particularly in the U. S.
Supreme Court, so that such conclu-
sions are doubly bad, since they areI
dangerous to the whole social struc-l
ture, and are unfounded in fact.
The rules of a society must be1
fixed, at least for a given period of1
time, and men must live by those
rules if the society is to accomplish
its purpose of providing for the wel-
fare of its members. Laws arel
therefore established, and courts of
law, and men are trained as law-..
yers. It is a bad thing that at var-
ious times in the past, some courts
have not served the needs of the
people, have not demonstrated their
understanding of the democratic
process, have been too much con-
cerned with the "neatness" of their
legal arguments. And some court'
have occasionally forgotten that the
legislative bodies are closer to the
citizens, and the laws passed by
such bodies deserve careful con-
sideration before being declared in-
valid by a more "objective" depart-
But in this term of the Supreme
Court, we can see a completely
opposite trend; the members of
the Court are living as citizens
in 1945, are concerned with the
problems we are all involved in:
uniting all the segments of theI
nation to win the war and make
the peace, and build a prosperous
nation of well-paid workers.
The Court declared, on December
18, that the agreement by Louisville
& Nashville Railroad Co. and the
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen
to restrict employment of Negro
workers was invalid, even though
that agreement was reached on the
basis of collective bargaining. E
The same day, the Court main-
tained that an employer can not en-
ter into a closed shop agreement
with an independent union, even if
that union won a plant election, if
the union has an exclusionary policy
toward members of other unions who
wish to join.
January 8 the Court invalidated a
Texas law requiring paid labor union
organizers to register with the Sec-
retary of State before soliciting for
members, saying it was an attempt-
ed regulation of the right of free
speech and free assembly.
These three decisions help to
clear the air for a sound, just at- I
titude toward labor-managementa
cooperation after the war. And
they make quite clear that laws1
are not passed to be mangled by
technicalities. They are passed
to insure fair treatment of citi-
zens in their basic task of earning
According to a decision handed :-
down January 2, thewage-hour law
applies to piece-rate workers, as
well as to workers paid by the hour.
Again, the principle of the law is
being put into practice.
And in Chicago, Judge Joseph
Graber of Superior Court has order-
ed dissolution of a charter for the
Gentile Co-operative Association, on
the grounds that it is "absolutely
contrary to the ideals of our form
of government, arraigning one class,
against another, building up preju-,
dice and intolerance of one' group(
sThe Courts DO move, as the
people move. As our ideas become
clear, point by point, as we learn +
what is basic to democracy, thet
decisions of the courts moret
closely represent, not only the will
of the people, but the desires of
the framers of our Constitutionalr
--- __ covered by this schedule as well as
any necessary changes will be ini-
cated on the School bulletin board.
Ji.~r School oif Music: Individual In-
struction in Applied Music. Indi-
Vidual examinations by appointment
vill be given for' all applied music
.70 7 1, eourses (indivi il ins ruction) elec-
ted for credit in any unit of the
- -- - - - University. For time and place of
examinations, see bulletin board at
Isoltionism . . . the School of Music.
PPARENTLY. Mr.Rosenberg, School of Public Health: Courses
A RENTL, M'. RoPedum" 1not covered by this schedule as well
Judging from his "Pendulum" in i as any necessary changes will be
The Daily, January 11, would have indicated on the School bulletin
us close our eyes, stop our ears, and board.
wish for something good-that good __r_.
old American policy that has got us
into so many messes including un- Important Notice in re Rationing
preparedness at the beginning of two of Certain Materials for Research:
wars. Yet Mr. Raseanberg would Stricter rules and regulations govern-
burst his auditory canal proving he ing the rationing of "Processed
is not anisolationist. Foods, Meats, and Sugar" have now
No ne nis right.mindisst gone into effect. This applies to all
No one in his right mind is stand- laboratories and departments manu-
ing on the sidelines clasping his I facturing or car ying on research
hands in fiendish glee over a pros-i work, and to the feeding of animals
pect of friction with Russia. Be- for research which use rationed items.
cause some of us have overcome the -1In order that the University may be
ostrich in us and are willing to face properly registered with the Local
facts regardless of their implication Ration Board, it is requested that
is weak proof of error. It is one you report to Mr. W. W. Buss, Rm.
thing to criticize a conclusion; it is B124, University Hospital, by Jan. 22
another thing to prove it wrong. the quantities of rationed foods you
Please, I am not an exponent of G. anticipate using from Jan. 1, 1945
L. K. Smith nor have I ever seen through Dec. 31, 1945.
a copy of "The Cross and the Flag." The points are granted by quar-
I don't search out Hearst publica- terly periods of three, months each.
tions nor have I ever seen a copy Therefore, please indicate the quan-
of "Social Justice." I have never tities you need for each quarter
heard Reverend J. Frank Norris under the following classications:
preach on any subject nor have I 1. Processed Foods. 2. Meat, Fats,
ever heard "the lower brackets of Oils and Canned Fish. 3. Sugar.
professional evengelism" ranting Laboratories or research projects
against Communism. But I do be- failing to make this report may
lieve that anyone who says that expect to find themselves denied
Russia has not given us cause for their necessary supplies.
questioning her integrity is either
blind and deaf, ignorant, or dis- Food Sanitation Lectures: The last
honest. lectures of the present series on Food
If you wish to get an eye-opener. Sanitation will be given in the Audi-
read Peter the Great's dream con- torium of the W. K. Kellogg Building
tained in his famous will and see today at 2 p.m. and 8 p.m.
how carefully Stalin has followed The speaker will be Melbourne
and is following Peter's intrigued Murphy of the University Health
Russian philosophy in the focusj
of a beacon of evidence forces me
to treat with concern the grow-
ing influence of Russia in the
Balkans, throughout Europe and
in the Middle East. in the light.
of all the evidence incriminating
Russia, I think the Rosenbergs,
who we would all like to believe are
right in thinking us wrong, should
at least hesitate before condemn-
ing those compelled by their inter-
pretation of events to sound the
cry of warning: "Lest coming sud-
denly he find you sleeping.
I say unto all, Watch."
-Arris J. Mills '45
WEDNESDAY, JAN. 17, 1945
VOL. LV, No. 60
Publication in the Uaily Official Bul-
ietin is constructive notice to all inem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. an. of the day
preceding publication (11:30 a. m' Sat-
All food-handlers employed 'in
commercial establishments arc re-
quired by City Ordinance to attend a
series in order to obtain a food-
All persons concerned with food
service to University students \Who
have not previously attended are
asked to attend this lecture. The
general public is cordially invited.
All Graduate Students Interested
in forming a graduate social organi-
zation, please notify Mliss Kelly at
the Graduate School, Rm. 1008.
Tryouts for the French Play will
be held today from 3 to 4 and tomor-
row from 3 to 5 in Rm. 408, Romance
Language Bldg. Any student with
some knowledge of the French lang-
uage may try out.
Varsity Glee Club: Rehearsal for
broadcasts and residence hall con-
certs. Date selected for Ensian pic-
ture. Selection of quartets contin-
ued. Tryouts of new members. All
men on campus invited.
Seniors: Coallege of L. S. & A.;
Schools of Education, Music, and
Public Health: Tentative lists of
March graduates including candi-
dates for the Certificate in Public
Health Nursing. have been posted on
''''"the bulletin board in Rm. 4, U.H. If
College of Literature, Science, and your name does not appear, or, if
the Arts, College of Pharmacy, School included there, it is not correctly
of Business Administration, School of spelled, please. notify the counter
Education, School of Forestry and clerk'.
Conservation, School of Music,-
School -of Public Ijealth; Fall Term.
Schedule of Examinations, Feb. 17 to
Feb. 24, 1945. Exhibition, College of Architecture
Note: For courses having both lec- and Design: Twenty Lithographs, by
tures and quizzes, the time of exer- prominent artists, loaned through
cise is the time of the fir'st lecture tproMnetmatissMoaenedrthrough
p lo o th wek i - Ithe Museum of Modern Art, New
period of the week; for cour'ses hzay- York City, Ground floor corridor,
ing quizzes only, the time of exercise Architecture Building. Open . daily
is the time of the first quiz period.19 to 5, except Sunday, through Jan.
Certain courses will be examined at 29. The public is invited.
special periods as noted below the
regular schedule. To avoid misun-
derstandings and errors, each stu"- 1 ? 1ents Today
den t should receie ntification fron EI Js lea
his instructor of -the time and place A meeting of the University of
of his examination. Instructors in Michigan Section of the American
the College of LS&A are not permit- Chemical Society will be held today
ted to change the time of examina- at 4 p.m., in Rm. 151 of the Chemis-
tion without the approval of the try Building. Dr. Herbert C. Brown
Examination Committee. of Wayne University, will speak on
Time of Exercise Time of Exam. "Steric Strains." The public is cor-
Mrn nt8 RTh; poh 229 103 n i1.230 dially invited.
Mon. at 9-Sat., Feb. 17, 10:30-12:30
Mon. at 10--Fri, Feb. 23, 8:00-10:00 Dr. Maurice L. Moore, Director of
M. at 11-Tues., Feb. 20, 8:00-10:00 Organice Research for Frederick
Mon. at 1-Wed., Feb. 21, 2:00-:00 Stearns and Company, Detroit, will
Mon. at 2-Mon., Feb. 19, 8:00-10:00 present an illustrated lecture on
Mon. at 3-Thu., Feb. 22, 8:00-10:00 "The Development and Use of Sul-
Tu. at 8-Fri., Feb. 23, 10:30-12:30 fonamides as Intestinal Antiseptics,"
Tu, at 9--Wed., Feb. 21, 10:30-12:30 in Rm. 303, Chemistry Building, at
Tu. at 10--Tues., Feb. 20, 10:30-12:30 4:15. Pharmacy students and all
Tu. at 11-Mon., Feb. 19, 2:00-4:00 -others interested are cordially invited
Tu. at 1-Sat., Feb. 17, 2:00-4:00t t
Tu. at 2-Thu. Feb. 22, 2:00-4:00 Biological Chemistry Seminar will
Tu. at 3-Tues.- Feb. 20, 2:00-4:00 be omitted today. In place of the
Conflicts, Special-Sat., Feb. 24, 8-10 seminar, students will please attend
Special Periods, College of Litera -the lecture by Doctor Maurice L.
ture, Science, and the Arts: Moore on "The Development and Use
Time of Examination of Sulfonamides as Intestinal Anti-
Speech 31, 32; French 1, 2, 11, 31, septics," at 4:15 p.m., Jan. 17, in Rm.
32, 61, 62, 91, 92, 93, 153-Mon., Feb. 303 Chemistry Building.
19, 10:30-12:30. -
Chemistry 55--Mon., Feb. 19, 8:00- The Veterans Organization will
10:00. meet tonight at 7 p.m., in the Base-
English 1, 2; Economics 51, 52, 53, ment. Lecture Room of Lane Hall.
54-Tues., Feb. 20, 2-00-4:00. Organizational details for The March
notanv 1'- 7:0logv 1: Psvehologv f nime sramnnin andthe mauetion
The big shot agreed to offerJ
k $2,500 reward for those I
And I'll have 49,997
n;, =1 loft Wh,+,_
3y Crockett Johnson:
I Mr. O'Malley, the phone j