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January 10, 1945 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-01-10

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WEATHER

Light snow and not so cold
today. Snow flurries and cold
tomorrow.

VOL. LV, No. 54 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JAN. 10, 1945

'RICE FIVE CENTS

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Issembly Recognition Americans U.S. Sixth Army Lands on Li
'o Honor Independents Close In
. coast- Mac Arthur Wades To
Ticket Sellout Indicates Capacity Crowd; On Salent
"I Know Japan" To Be Speaker's Subject A ; P1 . , Kv fl

,x
gayen
Shore
-SIhi CbonVok'VT

Tickets have been all sold out since yesterday afternoon for Assembly
Recognition Night, honoring outstanding independent women at 8 p. m.
today in the League ballroom.
"No one will be admitted to the recognition ceremonies without a
ticket," Florene Wilkins, '45, Assembly president declared yesterday eve-

N azi Chief Shifts
Forces For Blow

Leslie White
To Speak at
IRA Meeting
Race Problems~ in
U.S. To Be Topic
Race problems in the United
States take on a variety of forms,"
said Professor Leslie White, chair-
man of the Anthropology depart-
ment, in an interview concerning the
talk which he will deliver at a meet-
ing of Inter-Racial Association today
at Hillel Foundation.
Different Groups Ca~se Friction
So many different racial groups,
he stated, such as the Negroes, Chi-
nese, Japanese, Filipinos, Mexicans,
American Indians and so on, in
which friction can arise, tend to
magnify the problem. "This can be
differentiated," he stated, "from the
race problem' in Germany, where
merely two groups, the 'Aryan' and
the 'non-Aryan' are pitted against
one another. Thus, out problems can
manifest themselves in many differ-
ent ways"
Prof. White would distinguish be-
tween race as a biological concept
and as a sociological concept, in an
attempt to get at the basis of strife
between the groups.
Symptoms Cannot Solve Problems
"The problems," he added, "cannot
be alleviated merely by dealing with
the symptoms. We have to go deeper
to get at the cause. Friction arises
fromdsomething basic and a pro-
found change would have to be
brought about to do away with race
strife entirely."
The meeting. will begin at 7:30
p.m., and all members and their
friends are invited to attend. Re-
freshments will be served.
SRA To Give
B T's Tassion'
The Student Religious Associa-
tion Music Hour under the direction
of Robert Taylor, '45E, will present
the second part Johann Sebastian
Bach's "St. Matthew Passion" at 7:30
p. m. today in the Lane Hall library.
The complete Passion, which takes
from three to four hours for per-
formance, is being presented in a
series of three Lane Hall concerts.
"St. Matthew Passion" is a musi-
cal setting of the story of Christ's
betrayal, arrest and crucifixion. The
biblical narration is interspersed with
traditional German chorales select-
ed and harmonized by Bach and with
solo arias set to verses by Picander,
who collaborated with Bach on the
liberetto. The section to be per-
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today 19th Century text books
through are on display at Uni-
Jan. 19 versity Elementary School
Library.
Today Prof. Leslie White will
address the IRA on "Ra-
cial Relations in Amer-
ica" at 7:30 p. m. in Hil-
lel.
Today Assembly Recognition at.
8 p. m. in League Ball
Room.
Today SRA to present "St.
Matthew Passion" at 7:30
p. m. in Lane Hall.
Jan. 11 Oratorical Association
lecturer, Madame Wei,
8:30 p. in. in Hill Audit-
orium.
r_.. 1" 'x... .FA:,. in. ne xc

Wining. "There will be absolutely no
ticket sales at the door, nor at any
other place before the event. The
only way persons who do not now
hold tickets may be allowed to at-
tend is by being able to show that
they have paid in advance for reser-
vations for the program tonight," she
pointed out.
Brumbaugh To Speak
Dr. Foburn T. Brumbaugh, whose
subject will be "I Know Japan," will.
be the featured speaker for the eve-
ning. Mortarboard, Senior Society
and Wyvern have prepared skits as
part of the entertainment for the eve-
ning. In addition Senior Society will
tap new members for its honorary
women's group.
Present Scholarship, Activity Awards
Certificates and awards will honor
top scholastic and activity partici-
pation records. Activity honors will
be based on a point system, various
points being assigned to each activity.
Ira M. Smith, University Registrar,
will present the scholastic awards.,
During the evening the winner of
the Assembly theme song contest will
be announced. Entries will be judg-
ed by Frances Bostwick, '45SM, Bev-
erley┬░ Solorow, '46SM, Rose Derderian,
'46SM, and Jean Gilman, '45SM.
Coeds To Sit By Houses
Coeds will sit with their houses,
according to the seating plans al-
ready drawn up. Refreshments will
be served following the program.
Patrons for the event include Pres-
ident and Mrs. Alexander G. Ruth-
ven, Registrar and Mrs. Ira M. Smith,
Dean Alice C. Lloyd, Miss Jeanette
Perry, Dr. Margaret Bell, Mrs. Lucille
B. Conger, Miss Ethel McCormick,
Margery Hall, '45, Peg Laubengayer,
'45BAd, and Florene Wilkins, '45.
LE CERCLE FRANCAIS-
Philosophy of
Disc ussed byI
Prof Michael Pargment, of the
French department, discussed the
philosophy of Anatole France in the
second French lecture yesterday, held
under the auspices of Le Cercle
Francais.
Anatole France, widely-read French
novelist, is commonly criticized as a
skeptic. Far from being a fault, this
skepticism was France's fundamen-
tal virtue, Prof. Pargment contended;
it precludes the violence of fanati-
cism. Those who tolerantly admit
that they themselves are not infalli-
ble do not commit the crimes against
humanity of a Hitler or a Robes-
pierre. France taught that men
should be tolerant, humble, humane;

WA R A T A GLANCE
By The Associated Press
PACIFIC FRONT-Tens of thou-
sands of Yanks land on Luzon.
Gen. MacArthur wades ashore with
first assault groups. B-29's hit
Nippon targets.
WESTERN FRONT-Americans
clash with Germans in blinding
blizzard-Montgomery advances to
Laroche. U. S. Third gains.
RUSSIAN FRONT-Reds take
more than half of Budapest.
By 'ie Associated Pre s
PARIS, Jan. 9-American dough-
boys and tanks drove through a par-
alyzing blizzard today to within less
than three miles of the Germans'
last main supply and escape high-
way in the Belgian salient, and to-
night Field Marshal Von Rundstedt
was reported hurriediy snu tling ar-
mored forces from the Bastogne area
to meet the threat to his lifeline.
A field dispatch from Roger Greene
of the Associated Press tonight de-
clared that "The next 12 to 24 hours
may provide the turning point in theI
great battle that began Dec. 16 when
Von Rundstedt launched his surprise
blow."
The American forces threatening
the enemy's only lateral highway out
of the potential trap were pushing
through snowdrifts four and five feet!
high south of the potential trap
were pushing through snowdrifts four
and five feet high south of the cap-
tured villages of Provendoux and
Ottre.

PHILIPPINES
0 100
Laoag Aparri Buguey STATUTE MILES
/ Tuao
Vigan
Palanan
C -Baguio Pacific Ocean
Lingayen Baler
Tarlac ,LUZON
Cabanatuan
Clark Field POutLO
-.- K - 3- is, L
IA N ILA t
BAAA - Lamon Bay
CORREGIDOR Nichols-- CATANDUANES
-ild .- -'
Batangas _Naga,--
Calapan =- Legasp.
MINDRO '- -
MINDORO BURIAS Bulan
TABLA ' SAMAR
V-. z_-
MASBATE a
LUZON, PnILIPPINES-Map shows the Philippine group, including
Luzon Island, where Gen. Douglas MacArthur brought the U. S. Sixth
Army ashore on the Lingayen Gulf Coast Wednesday, at approximately
the same points that the Japanese forces invaded the island early in the
war.
Choral Union 1Co.n1ce11%rt Wil
Feature Vladimir Horowitz

Ideal Tank-Terrain for Push to Manila
By JAMES HUTCHESON
Associated Press Correspondent
GENERAL MACARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS, Philippines,
Wednesday, Jan. 10-Tens of thousands of U. S. Sixth Army forces,
accompanied ashore by Gen. Douglas MacArthur, landed Tuesday along
15 miles of Lingayen Gulf coast on Luzon Island from an 800-ship
convoy and pushed deep into flatlands leading 120 miles south to
Manila over ideal tank-war country.
Tanks were among the equipment put ashore in strength to make
possible a powerhouse offensive.
Japanese Cleared From Beaches
From the beaches, cleared of Japa-
nese by fierce warship shellings and
Yanks surged inland over the same
crescent of sand dunes the Japanese +sTw.
employed three years ago. The inva-
sion scene now is dry and suited for a
war of movement.
A field dispatch, disclosing that
MacArthur already has set up head-gea t C ycle
uarters on Luzon, said the landgs
were on the southern extremity of the
gulf which includes the city of Lin- I By The Associated Press
gayen. WITH GEN. MAC ARTHUR ON
LUZON, Jan. 10.-Completion of a
Find 11 Jap Snipers great personal and military cycle
At one point, only 11 enemy snip- began on northern Luzon today.
ers could be found in an hour's hunt. General Douglas MacArthur land-
Covered by salvos of bombarding ed with his powerful army on the
battleships and exploding bombs of same Linp.venbhs. ontonwhich

f
b
t

Vladimir Horowitz, Russian-Amer-
ican pianist, will be heard in the sixth
Choral Union Concert at 8:30 p. m.
Monday in Hill Auditorium.
' Fre Horowitz was born in Kiev in 1904
SA natote France of a cultured and artistic family. His
father was an engineer, and his
P ror. iarg m en;mother a musician and graduate of
the Conservatory of Kiev. He was
one of three talented children; his
this was his basic philosophy, Prof. I sister also was a gifted pianist.
Pargment stated. He began to be a pianist at the
Critics have also argued that the age' of six under the watchful tute-
works of Anatole France have had lage of his mother. His second teach-
a demoralizing effect on his readers. Ier was Sergei Tarnowsky, under
Prof. Pargment pointed out, in re-- whose guidance he remained from
futing this argument, that the disci- his twelfth to his sixteenth year. He
ples of France have demonstrated in then entered the Conservatory in
World War I their valor and belief Kiev, where he studied under Prof.
in life. Felix Blumenthal, until his gradua-
The style of Anatole France, clear tion two years later.
and musical, is one of his chief vir- His uncle, a music critic of Khar-j
tues. The charm of his writing lies kov, arranged for his debut there.
in the author's whimsical, artistic After his first concert he toured Rus-
approach to life, Prof. Pargment sia. Subsequent tours took him to
said. His greatness lay in his ability ' Germany, Austria, Czecho-Slovakia,
t to see the flaws in society without Holland, Italy, France, Spain, Bel-
condemning it. 'gium, and England.

Horrowitz made his American de-
but on the night of January 12,
1928 with the Philharmonic-Symph-
ony Orchestra in Carnegie Hall. Ill-
ness caused him to leave the concert
stage temporarily in 1935.
He was not heard by the American
public for five years. He returned
to the concert stage in January of
1940.
Ruthven Tea To
Be Held Today
The first Ruthven Tea of the new
year will be held from 4 p. m. to 6
p. m. today at the home of President
and Mrs. Ruthven.
This week's special guests will be
the women of Martha Cook, Kappa
Delta and Kappa Kappa Gamma
sororities, and the men of Phi Delta
Theta and Sigma Phi Epsilon fra-
ternities.

WASHINGTON, Jan. 9-(VP)-
Flames seared the Tokyo target
area after today's two-way smash
at the Japanese homeland and the
great Formosa island base by
scores of America's Superfortresses.
carrier and land planes which drove
the enemy's main forces inland, they
got ashore on the south and east
sides of Lingayen at 9:30 a. m. against
light opposition.
MacArthur Returns
Within two hours after the first
transports had disgorged the soldiers
to landing boats, following a dawn
shelling of the areas, MacArthur was
back on the island where he fought
the losing battles which opened the
Pacific war.
Greatest Naval
Operation Use.
Vice-Admiral Kinkaid
Heads Giant Landing
By The Associated Press
ABOARD ADMIRAL KINKAID'S
FLAGSHIP, Lingayen Gulf, Philip-
pines, Jan. 10.- In the greatest
amphibious operation of the Pacific
war an invasion fleet of some 800
ships under Vice-Adm. Thomas Kin-
kaid weathered the most deadly air
attack the Japanese could contrive
to return Gen. Douglas MacArthur's
forces to Luzon Island.
The giant convoy, one-third larger
than the force which invaded Leyte,
was under enemy observation from
the time it started. Japanese air-
craft waited for the convoy tol ap-
proach Luzon before attacking then
struck with the fury of desperation.
The brunt of the strike fell on the
advance force, a heavy bombard-
ment group of pre-Pearl Harbor bat-
tleships, escort carriers, cruisers and
destroyers which shelled beaches at
Lingayen City and San Sebastian
town to destroy coastal batteries
three full days preceding the land-
ings.

Japan poured the main body of its
Philippine invasion force more than
three years ago, to start in earnest
the campaign which carried Nippon
to itsheight and lowered the United
States to its depths of its military
prestige.
Takes Same Route
Returning to Luzon, to guide the
fulfillment of the dream which he
steadfastly believed could end and
should be made true, MacArthur
GEN. MAC ARTHUR'S HEAD-
QUARTERS, Philippines, Jan. 10.,
Wednesday- (P)- Wearing his
famed campaign hat and five stars
on his collar, Gen. Douglas Mac-
Arthur returned to Luzon with his
assault troops Tuesday morning.
Two torpedoes from a midget
submarine missed his ship as the
convoy headed for the landing.
MacArthur then rode upon the
engine box of a landing craft and
waded knee-deep in water onto
the soil of Luzon he left nearly
three years ago. He hit the shore
about two hours after the first
wave.
MacArthur talked with privates
and generals alike and expressed
himself pleased with the way the
operation was proceeding.
retraced much the same route by
which he left Luzon as the first
drama of the Philippines was moving
inexorably toward its final tragic act
on Corregidor.
Once the great American armada
began disembarking troops and guns
at Lingayen this morning Japan's
Luzon force was as powerless to pre-
vent the American landing as was
MacArthur's virtually isolated force
to block the Japanese onslaught at
the same place Dec. 22; 1941.
Japan Tries Everything
Before the great American armada,
composed of and protected by Kin-
kaid's seventh fleet, completed its
daring progress through waters fenc-
ed by enemy - held islands and
through the China Sea, Japan tried
practically everything in her waning
but still dangerous power to smash
the American assault.

GEN. BRADLEY ON THE

THWARTED GERMAN DRIVE:

'May Materially Affect Nazi Ability To Resist'

By The Associated Press
WITH THE 12TH ARMY GROUP,
Jan. 9-Lt. Gen. Omar N. Bradley,
breaking his silence regarding the
German counteroffensive which was
aimed at splitting the Allied line in
his 12th Army group sector, said to-
day that -the now-thwarted enemy
move "may materially affect the
Germans' ability to resist."j
Gen. Bradley, who was awarded
the bronze star by General Eisen-
hower today for his part in halt-
ing the Germans, stated at a press
conference that Germany's ability
to prolong the war may have been
reduced, but added quickly that
this did not mean the Allies could
"assume the Germans are on the
verge of collapse."
There is much hard fighting ahead,
Bradley warned.
Bradley told newsmen covering his
group headquarters that in leaving

BATAAN, WE'RE HERE!
Yank Liberation Forces Strike
Largest Land Mass in Islands

By Th'ie Associated Press
When American liberation forces
hit Luzon, main island of the Philip-
pines, they tackled the largest land
mass in that archipelago and hub of
Japan's war-stolen gains in the
south and southwest Pacific.
As the Japanese demonstrated in,
the months immediately following
their sneak attack on Pearl Harbor,
Luzon is well suited for open warfare
in which tanks and other mechan-

ted naval base at Cavite, also on the
bay; the Navy yard at Olongapo on
Subic Bay northwest of Manila; Fort
Stotsenberg, the Army base at Clark
Field airdrome; and other Army cen-
ters in the Manila area.
Japanese Lose Thousands
American Army and Naval air-
power has been thrown against
Luzon time and again with the
Yank pilots concentrating on air-
elds, rail supply lines. troop concen-

(AP Wirephoto by radio from Stockholm)
FIVE GUYS WHO DON'T AGREE WITH GEN. B RADLEY-The lad on the left with the nose is none
other than that man, Adolf. Way on the right is h is Foreign Minister, Joachim von Ribbentrop. The
a _ t--..,.a- -- +..- -F I,, ..h+ M - ~incM:--a m -l 4 --a - an ..ra In] m d - a ._ .

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