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Expensive Turkey for General
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NIGHT EDITOR: PAUL SISLIN
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
T SEEMS that there are more than a few
persons who believe that the aim of this
war is to defeat Germany--to crush it so badly
that it may never rise again.
They believe that because Germany has been
instrumental in fomenting the last two major
wars, ipso facto Germany is the source of all
war. They maintain then that by suppressing
German peoples with a strong military govern-
ment for a lengthy period after the war we
shall have successfully eliminated all war.
They fail to realize that the war is only a
means to an end-the end of restoring Ger-.
many to its rightful place as an equal-even
a leader-among nations.
For oddly enough, Germany is composed
of peole-people amazingly like Americans
or any other people. They love, they may
have hates, they enjoy their families, they
enjoy having a good time like most other
people, no matter what language they speak
or what rivers bound them.
And as people they deserve as much as any
American or Britisher or Russian the rights of
To say that the Germans any more than
any other people want war, wanttosoppress
others, want to kill their fellow men is essen-
tially silly. Their roots are not in war. Their
heroes and ideals are embodied in men like
Schiller, Goethe, Thomas Mann.
By the time we speak of, the Germans will
have lost two wars and been subjected to over a
decade of Hitler rule, all in a single genera-
tion. It is difficult to imagine that the German
people will ask for or accept similar tragedies
a third time.
There are social democratic forces in Ger-
many today. They may not be strong now-
we may not even hear of them until Hitler's
collapse. But they are there, just as they
exist in any people. It was hard to be-
lieve that such forces could exist in Italy
after 20 years of Mussolini Fascism, yet
they were there. They began to organize
and appear on the foreground almost before
the bungling AMG had a chance to set up its
WE ARE supposedly fighting for a way of living
-not necessarily an American way, or a
British or Russian way-but a way in which
the expression of the people comes first. Demo-
cratic forces will arise primarily from the com-
rmon people and notably from the working clas-
ses. The best way to stifle the expression
of the people will be to impress a strong mili-
tary government on them after the war.
We have been told that Germany must be
re-educated--educated, forcibly if necessary,
to our own way of thinking and way of living.
Unfortunately, our ways are not necessarily' nor
even probably perfect. Nor are they great jew-
els giving shining inspiration to the rest of
the world, as we are told to believe. We like
them, but ,he Germans (and the British and
the Russians) - may not. It is not our divine
duty to force them upon the German people or
We are fighting a system-a Nazi system of
oppression of the rights of the people. Nothing
mn ovifaxn mmlw hl nl be nrcmnliihp1 if we merely
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON, Dec. 29-This is the story of
the most expensive Christmas turkey in the
USA. It cost about 150 gallons of high-octane
gasoline plus the time of an airplane crew, plus
the time of 19 Marine Corps passengers.
The turkey belonged to Brig. Gen. Lewis G.
Meritt, Comm tander of the Marine Corps base
at Cherry Point, N. C. on Saturday, Dec. 23,
just before Christmas, the General was in
Washington, D. C., and his turkey was in
On that same day, also, a big Marine Corps
R4D transport plane was scheduled to take off
from Cherry Point, N. C., to Washington at
10 a. m. But weather held it at the airport.
A bunch of enlisted men, women Marines, and
young officers, anxious to get home for a Christ-
mhas holiday, waited at the airfield. They were
blissfully ignorant of General Merritt's tur-
key. The only thing they thought about was
getting home to a possible turkey dinner them-
At 1:15 p. in., the wveather cleared, and the
plane was about to take off. But suddenly it
was held up. Word came that General Mer-
ritt's aide was driving from Kinston, N. C.,
with the General's Christmas turkey to be
flown to him in Washington.
So the plane waited again. The 19 Marines,
homeward bound, fretted aid fumed. But all
they could do was wait. Fina ly, the aide
and turkey arrived, the precious bird was put
aboard, and at 3:20 p. IT., after two more
hours' delay, the iilane took off.
Bring Bck My Turkey to Me,...
Then suddenly, as the plane was only 45
minutes out of Washington, it circled in the
air, and went back to North Carolina. The pilot
had received orders that General Merritt would
eat his turkey not in Washington. but in Cherry
Finally the plane landed at Cherry Point, the
turkey was unloaded, and the 19 passengers at
last took off for Washington arriving there at
8 p. m. They had started on their trip at 10
a. in., been delayed three hours by weather and
about six hours by turkey.
A total of about 150 gallons of precious high-
octane gasoline was used up, to say nothing of
the motor gas used by the General's aide in
driving from Kinston to Cherry Point, about
More Pay for Congress.
In the many years this newsman has been
covering Washington, one inescapable conclu-
sion lie has reached which probably won't be
too popular with the American public is that
members of Congress deserve high salaries.
There are, of course some sour apples in the
barrel which spoil the reputation of the rest.
But this observer, who has watched Congress
operate close-up for years, is convinced that
the average Congressman earns well over his
And when you consider his expenses, he earns
about double his salary. In the first place he
has to maintain his wife and kids in Washing-
ton, and also keep a home back in his district.
When he moves them back and forth it costs
money. True, he gets a railroad allowance for it,
but usually he has to take several trips a year,
which more than eats it up.
Biggest expense, of course, is getting re-elected.
And in election campaigns he has to accept con-
tributions from a lot of people which puts him
in hock to the moneyed men of his district if
he doesn't have a will of iron and a complete
disiegard for his re-election chances next time.
Meanwhile the cost of living has gone up,
and salaries for almost everyone else have
gone up-except the poor Congressman and
government officials generally. Nothing, in
the opinion of this columnist, would give
greater impetus to better government than a.
salary boost to the men who have to make
Capital Chaff"I.. .
Despite two illnesses this year, Jesse Jones
is now looking very fit. Mrs. Jones explains:
"Jesse has a young nurse who brought him
through bronchial pneumonia with penicillin.
He is feeling fine now. She knows what he
should eat and he likes her. I think we'll keep
her all the time." . . . Vice President Wallace
has been flooded with private business offers,
but is turning them down. Friends say he ex-
pects definitely to remain in the Roosevelt ad-
ministration. . . . Former OPA Administrator
Leon Hender.-n, now in Europe, has been hav-
ing ttouble with Chief State Department ap-
peaser Robert Murphy. Murphy, the former
Vichy-defender, wants to keep Germany as a
"bulwark against bolshevism," therefore does-
n't want a tough peace for Germany. This is
the same theory held by some of the new State
Department executives, notably Jimmy Dunn
and Brig. Gen. Julius Holmes.
(Copyright, 1944, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
N EW YORK, Dec. 29-If we have learned any-
thing about modern war, it is that there
are no touchdowns in it. The analogy between
the war on the western front, and a pair of
football teams, sweeping forward and backward,
alternately gaining and losing ground, is hope-
lessly false. That analogy makes us cherish
every yard gained, and mourn for every yard
lost; it makes it seem like a complete, over-
whelming reverse that cities in Belgium liberat-
ed at great cost in blood, should have been re-
captured by the Nazis.
But we are not conducting our military opera-
tions in western Europe in order to win terri-
tory; our purpose is to destroy the German
In a sense we "failed" in Belgium the first
time, because we failed to destroy the German
armies. They got away; and our present fail-
ure is our first failure come home to roost.
It is bitterly depressing, and a real blow,
that the Germans should have broken through,
to make a huge bulge across many square
miles of territory once liberated: but, in strict
nfilitaiy terms, we should have mourned a
stalemate almost as much, and have been
just as sorrowful if we had merely held the
Germans, and they had held us, for that, too,
would have meant that our problem was un-
solved, that the German armies were still
MEMBERS of our own high command have
counseled us many times to learn to think in
these terms, but we still find it hard to do so,
and persevere in our tendency to count towns,
like poker chips, and to judge results by how
many we have, and how many they have. It is
almost morally certain that our answer to the
German offensive will be not only a desperate
effort to contain this drive, important as that is,
but also other offensives of our own, some per-
haps at great distances from the current Ger-
We shall stop the German drive, not only by
holding it, but by counteraction which will
threaten the integrity of the German armies, at
which time the Germans will discoverthat
they have sudden business back home, as they
did last summer in France, and the summer
before that on the Orel-Belgorod front in
A great deal is being made of the "failure"
of Army Intelligence to warn the high com-
mand of Field Marshal von Runstedt's ap-
In other words, if one officer, at one point,
had been somewhat smarter, the thing would
not have happened. But that, too, is to take
an excessively local view of the problem.
Our real "failure," if it was one, lay in the
facts first, that the German armies had evaded
destruction last summer; second, that because
of the supply problem, or coincidence, or
whatever, the Germans had been given a per-
iod of comparative lull on all fronts, including
the Russian, all around the rim of their circle,
and, having no immediately pressing threat to
meet, were therefore able to manufacture one
of their own.
IN THE strictly military sense, our "failure"
on the Belgian front was not due to the
fact that we did not know the Germans were
mbving against us, but rather to the fact that
we were not moving against them. The Rus-
sians were able to stop the Germans in eight
days on the Orel-Belgorod front, in July, 1943,
not because they had smart intelligence offic-
ers, who knew that the Germans were coming,
but because they had two offensives of their
own mounted and ready.
If we wish to find a scapegoat for the German
breakthrough, let us not blame it on a couple
of officers in one town somewhere; that's foot-
ball; blame it, rather, on the round-the-circle
lull, and whatever reasons, undoubtedly legiti-
mate, which were responsible for it, and which
gave the German army a moment of initiative,
But the circle remains, and the Germans
are within it, and a blow anywhere at the
rim is felt at the center, and when those blows
become numerous enough, and when our.
threat is high again, the Germans will not be
able either to attack or to stop us, not though
their own intelligence officers all have double
domes and are equipped with x-ray sight.
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
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Navy War Bond Cartoon Service;
By BERNARD ROSENBERG
LUST FOR LIFE" was publishedl
ten years ago. A best-seller
then, the book has been especially
poular since the canonization of its
atoIrving Stone, in the Modern
Library-which makes good books
available to the public for less money
than any other publisher's outlet in
Recently Mr. Stone was honored
by some five hundred leading figures
in the art world. The presented him
with an accolade for having stimu-
lated interest in modern painting by
way of this first novel. Vincent Van
Gogh is the main character in it and.
through him--or a romanticized ver-
sion of him-Stone managed to
evoke the spirit that began Impres-
sionisnm and the central question of
art versus society that that move-
ment posed in the 19th Century.
Impressionism gave way to Ex-
pressionism which in its turn was
succeeded by Cubism, Dadaism,
Surrealism, and any number of
increasingly subjectivistic schools
whose divorcement from society
grew more and more obvious as
they became less and less intelli-
gible. Now, only the Philistine
condemns these artistic manifesta- I
tions he does not comprehend. In
SPhilistia we have the bourgeois
scoffers; in Bohemia there are the
aesthetes. Neither one can ever be
reconciled to the other. This
schism lays open a tremendous
question. If one succeeds in rais-
ing it, without even attempting an
answer, sociologically speaking,
much has been done to clear the
air of middle-class gibberish.
Van Gogh, during his apprentice-'
ship in The Hague, suffered all the
tortures of hell. Once, as Stone re-
lates the story, Van Gogh in tatters
and on the point of starvation, went
to his fellow artist, Weissenbruch.
This prosperous and successful pain-
ter refused Van Gogh a cent, even
after the most urgent solicitation.
"Why," asked the plaintive Van
Gogh, "are you so interested in see-
ing me suffer?"
"Because it will make a real
artist of you," replied Weissen-
bruch. "The more you suffer the
more grateful you ought to be.
That's the stuff out of which first
rate painters are made. An empty
stomach is better than a full one,
and a broken heart is better than
"Lust for Life" is a vindication of
theory and of the artist who for too
long has been a whipping boy lashed
to bits by modern barbarians.
PLATO grappled with the problem
in his day-as Freud has in ours.
These two men form a sort of arch
iJy Crockett Johnsonj
spanning Western civilization. They
would agree that artists reflect the
imperfection of society. Art springs
from discontent, unhappiness, tor-
ture. "Be agonized" is the best advice
one can give a potential artist.
In his ideal state, Plato would
have had no poets-for many rea-
sons, but essentially, I think, be-
cause the Good Life precludes art.
Happy, quiescent,. well - adjusted
people do not create. They wallow,
vegetate, and reproduce in their
own likeness. Freud defined the
creative impulse as sublimation.
When social pressures become op-
pressive, sensitive men fly from
them and produce works of art.
Thus the better society becomes
materially, the less worthwhile art
it will produce. Some day, if man
progresses he will be caught on the
horns of this dilemma: is art worth
sacrificing for a better society? Sup-
pose there is only partial validity to
this view, does it not make progress
a self-defeating process? If life is in
every way decent and fine except in
the one way that makes life some-
thing more than mere existence,
what a Pyrrhic victory we will have
T HE SOCIAL SCIENCES have been
preaching adaptation to envir-
onment-as though the issue were
wholly ecological - so intensively
that they sometimes lose sight of
this basic fact. If art is that which
intensifies life by adding to the pul-
sations we experience during what
Rousseau called our "reprieve from
death" as Walter Pater believed, or
if it is the creation of beauty by man
as Benedetto Croce believes, then is
it worth forsaking in the name of
successful adaptation to one's envir-
The artist is a rebel who generally
departs from the norm. Van Gogh's
eccentricities were no greater, and
they were very great, than those of
artists who preceded and have suc-
ceeded him. We have here a mighty
conflict between social and aesthetic
But the most vital part of this
conflict involves still a third ede-
ment: ethics. I have just begun
Soren Kierkegaard's masterpiee,
"Either/Or." The title is derived
from a two-volume presentation of
an estheticist's point of view con-
trasted unfavorably with an ethi-
cist's point of view.
The matter will be more fully
explored in future columns,
On Second Thoug hi
By RAY DIXON
[ARD AT A Glance: Sewell Avery
says he's not going to let Gen,
Byson buffalo him.
Tonight's the night we all get to-
gether at 11 p. m. and shout "Hoo-
ray, it's only an hour until Decem-
The rampaging Russians are mak-
ing pests of themselves in Buda
"Chaplin Trial Nears Close" says
headline. It was rapidly becoming
as much a trial for newspaper
readers as it was of Charlie.
SATURDAY, DEC.. 30, 1944
VOL. LV, No. 46
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is conlstruetive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hal, by 3:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (11:30 a. m. Sat-
Neiv Year's Day is not a University
holiday and classes will be conducted
American Airlines will be inter-
viewing girls on Jan. 8. Get in touch
with our office if you are interested.
University Ext. 371, Bureau of Ap-
City of Detroit Civil Service:
Announcements for Line Helper Dri-
ver, Salary $1.10 to $1.15 an hour,
and Sr. General Staff Nurse, salary
$2,520 to $2,880, have been received
in our office. For further informa-
tion stop in at 201 Mason Hall,
Bureau of Appointments.
New" York State Civil Service:
Announcements for Assistant Princi-
pal of Nurses Training School, sal-
ary $2,400 to $3,000, Chief, Bureau
of Home Economics, salary $5,200 to
$6,450, Coordinator of Utility Con-
tracts, salary $2,700 to $3,325, Dired-
tor of Nursing (Cancer), salary $3,-
120 to $3,870. Executive Officer, sal-
ary $1,600 to $2,100, Industrial Fore-
man (woodworking shop), salary $2,-
100 to $2,600, Industrial Inspector
(Woodworking Shop), salary ,$1,800
to $2,300, Optometric Investigator,
salary $2,400 to $3,000, Photostat
Operator, salary $1,621 to $2,100,
Record Clerk, salary'$1,201 to $1,620,
Senior Social Worker (Psychiatric),
salary $2,400 to $3,000, Senior Super-
visor of Vocational Rehabilitation,
salary $3,120 to $3,870, and Superin-
S tendent of Marine Fisheries, salary
$2,000 to $5,000, have been received
in our office. For further details
stop ih at 201 Mason Hall, Bureau
Varsity Glee Club: No rehearsal
Sunday, Dec. 31: Rehearsals will be
held on Wednesday evenings only
for the balance of the year. Special
rehearsal on Wednesday, Jan. 3 for
final election to membership. New
applicants for membership are in-
vited to try out at this meeting. All
men anticipating membership next
semester should report as evidence
of their interest. Final tryouts for
quartets. Rehearsal of broadcast
Interviewing for spring, summer,
will be held by the Judiciary Coun-
nd fall term orientation advisors
il in theMichigan League Satur-
day, Dec. 30, 10-12; Monday, Jan. 1,
3-5. The individual interviews will
be held at 5-minute intervals.
Freshmen, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: Execept under
extraordinary circumstances, courses
dropped by freshmen after today will
be recorded with a grade of "E".
School of Education Freshmen:
Courses dropped after today will be
recorded with the grade of E except
under extraordinary circumstances.
No course is considered dropped un-
less it has been reported in the office
of the Registrar, Rm. 4, University
Sociology 191 will not meet Mon-
day, Jan. 1.
Bacteriology Seminar: This morn-
ing at 9 in Rm. 1564 East Medical
Building. Subject: Antifungal prop-
erties of Sodium Azide. All interested
Wesley Foundation: Leap Year
party tonight beginning at 9 o'clock
in the Wesley Lounge.
The Lutheran Student Association
will have a Watch Party Sunday
evening, Dec. 31, at 9 in the Zion
Lutheran Parish Hall,.309 E. Wash-
ington St. The earlier part of the
evening will feature games and re-
freshments and at' 11:30 a short
service will usher in the new year.
Junior Research Club: The Janu-
ary meeting of the Junior Research
Club will be held on Tuesday, Jan.
2, 1945, in the Amphitheatre of the
Horace H. Rackhan School of Grad-
uate Studies at 7:'30 p.m. Program:
"Aviation Gasoline, 100 Octane."
Matthew Van Winkle, Chem. & Met.
Engineering; "Some Complications
of Diabetes Mellitus." Wayne Run-
dles, Simpson Memorial Institute.
Zion Lutheran Church: Sunday
morning worship service at 10:30
and at 7:30 p.m. New Year's Eve
Its an ermine wrap for, ths
Momi.Mr. O'Malley jet mr,thoisy
gave ito me upstairs- e's O'Malley
to is only a-
Quiet, you! And stay
right where you are!
O'Malley! You',e ut
Coppyigh+ 1944 F.ied Pvbliea~iq,,