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December 30, 1944 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1944-12-30

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WEATHER
Cloudy and Slightly

VOL. LV, No. 46 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, DEC. 30, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

First

Army
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Stops

0
Nazi
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Belgian

T,

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oint Allied Policy for Liberated Lands Rumored)

i

Britain May
Suggest Big
Three Control
Churchill Favors
World Trust'
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Dec. 29.-Allied diplo-
matic difficulties stemming from
Europe's ideological struggles raised
the likelihood today that Britain
soon would attempt to establish a
united "Big Three" policy for pre-
venting violence in liberated lands.
Amid sharp criticism of Britain's
intervention in Greece, the report,
circulated in London's diplomatic
colony that the joint policy effort
would be based on a proposal to
establish a temporary Inter-Allied
control over newly-freed govern-
ments if trouble threatened.
Suggestion Circulated
There were reliable reports that
this "suggestion" had been circu-
lated among some of the exiled gov-
ernments in London.
The possible attempt to extend the
Allied Control Commission Plan-
originally intended only for enemy
territory-was hinted at in Chur-
chill's declaration that some kind of
"international trust" may have to be
set up in Greece if a compromise
among fighting factions cannot be
reached.
Troubles Beginning
There is a feeling in many quar-
ters. that the political troubles of
Europe are just beginning, with these
alternatives confronting the Allies:
1. To let the factions fight it out
without intervention.
2. To take single-handed action,
such as that by Britain in Greece.
3. To establish commission rule by
Allied countries until the people of
each country gain a ballot box op-
portunity to decide for themselves
the type of government tney want
and the people they want in it.
British Navy To
Help Hit Japs
Two Fleets Will Join
1945 Pacific Offensive
LONDON, Dec. 29.-()-The Brit-
ish Navy is assembling two mighty
fleets with greatly reinforced carrier
strength to help the Americans deal
knockout blows to the Japanese in
the Pacific in 1945, it was disclosed'
tonight.
An officially approved year-end
review of the Royal Navy's activities
said:
"As the year 1944 ends, interest in
the war at sea moves from the west
to the vast areas of the Pacific and
Indian Oceans where Britain is as-
sembling two mighty fleets to fight
beside our American Allies against
Japan.'
These two naval forces are the
British fleet under Admiral Sir Bruce
Fraser and the fleet of the East
Indies station tinder Vice-Admiral
Sir Arthur Powers. The latter's job
will be to push the Japanese all the
way out of the Indian Ocean and
get back to its old base-Singapore.
Fraser's fleet-packed with car-
riers-will operate under the strate-
gic command of U.S. Admiral Ches-
ter W. Nimitz and General Douglas
MacArthur.
The Royal Navy's achievements in
1944, which made possible turning

attention to the Pacific in 1945, were
listed.

Regents Accept $80,000,
Disband 'U' War Board
Radio Studios, Laboratories Approved;
Veterans To Be Exempted from P.E.M.
Gifts totalling more than $80,000, including a grant of $25,000 by the
W. K. Kellogg Foundation at Battle Creek for the School of Public Health,
were accepted yesterday by the University Board of Regents in their
monthly meeting here:
Permission to disband was granted to the University War Board,
in operation since January, 1942, by the Regents who also announced
approval of inclusion of broadcasting studios and laboratories in the arehi-
tect's plans for the proposed post-war general service building.

,; --

'N

Another announcement

revealedI

U' Will Greet
Third Wartime
New Year's Day
Union, League Sponsor
Two Nights of Gaiety
University students , will observe
New Year's Eve on two nights this
year but both celebrations will be
of the curtailed war-time variety
with the celebrants in shape to at-
tend Monday morning classes Janu-
ary 1, 1945.
The third war-time New Year's
Day to be spenit in Ann -Arbor will
be a far cry from the pre-war cele-
brations of the past usually held at
home when students were on pro-
longed, 20-day Chrihtmas vacations.
Two. New Year's Celebrations
A dance at the Union tonight will
attempt to stimulate the feeling of
Auld Lang Syne 24 hours early while
the League will hold a celebration
tomorrow night at the orthodox time.
Dean Erich A. Walter of the Lit-
erary College announced that penal-
ties for absences Monday will be the
same as for cutting on any other
school day.
Driving regulations, lifted during
the Christmas holiday, have been in
force since 8 a. m. Dec. 28, when
students returned to campus, and
will remain effective during the New
Year's period, Assistant Dean of
Students, Walter B. Rea, announced.
No Private Parties Approved
.The Dean of Students' office has
approved no private parties for the
holiday. Co-eds will have usual 12:30
a. m. permission tonight and will be
permitted to be out until 2 a. m. to-
morrow.
Members of the Naval V-12 unit on
campus will keep their usual hours
tonight and may be out until 12:30
a. m. tomorrow. Army units sta-
tioned at the East Quadrangle with
the exception of Company C, ASTRP,
will have no bed check New Year's
Day. Company G will also have no
bedcheck New Year's Day.
New Year's Eve in 1942 and 1943
was celebrated by all-campus dances
held in the Intramural Building and
Waterman Gymnasium. Many stu-
dent celebrants, anxious to avoid
cuts New Year's Day, appeared in the
classroom in evening attire.

that returned veterans of World War
II would be exempt from the physi-
cal education program, ruling that
veterans who have been through bas-
ic training have had required physi-
cal education and are exempt.
Tibbitts Pleaded Board
Dissolution of the War Board)
headed by Clark Tibbitts, marked the
end of an era when civilian students
still were able to choose a branch of
service and one of the various re-
serve programs. Instituted in 1942,
nine months before the draft law
permitting induction of 18-year-olds
was passed, the Board guided stu-
dents into the Army Enlisted Reserve
Corps, and Naval programs such as
V-1, and V-7.
By the spring of 1943 ERC mem-
bers were called up, reserve Airmen
soon followed and the Naval "V"
programs were finally closed to civil-
ian enlistment last November. To-
day returning veterans' administra-
tion is conducted by the Veteran's
Service Bureau and the Division of
Emergency Training deals with the
Army and Navy programs.
Interlochen Music Camp
The Board of Regents also an-
nounced the renewal for five years
of the cooperative plan whereby stu-
dents attending the National Music
Camp at Interlochen, Mich., will be
able to take courses given by the
University for credit. The plan was
first adopted. three years ago.
Ten fellowships will be offered by
the University to forestry students
from Latin American countries dur-
ing the coming year, the Regents
announced. Each of the fellowships
will pay student's tuition for four
terms.
Promotions Announced
Among the promotions announced
by the Regents was advancement of
Robert P. Briggs, newly appointed
vice-president of the University, from
associate professor to professor of
accounting in the business admini-
stration school. Dr. James P. Ad-
ams, recently appointed University
Provost, was named Professor of Ec-
onomics in the department.
Among the gifts is a posthumous
grant by Charles Baird, donor of the
Baird Carillon, who died last month,
for the Michigan Athletic Manager's
Loan Fund. Other gifts included a
$5,000 grant for duodenal ulcer re-
search and a $6,000 grant from the
students of Pontiac High School for
a war memorial scholarship fund
here.
s' Band To Help
at Union Dance
Union Executive Council, and with
mass singing of "Auld Lange Syne."
Joe Milillo, chairman of the dance,
has asked students planning to at-
tend the dance to enter into the
spirit of the occasion with all of the
enthusiasm that would be displayed
at a Dec. 31-Jan. 1 celebration.
Jimmy Strauss and his band, which
is well known to University students
after making three Ann Arbor ap-
pearances last year, will be on hand
to provide a musical setting for the
party.
Milillo announced yesterday that
final arrangements for the novelty
envnn e of 1945 nromise tht the

CAPTURED YANKS IN BELGIUM-In the above picture, taken from a roll of captured German film,
American soldiers are marched past Nazi armored equipment moving into Belgium in a break-through
effort, says the caption accompanying this Signal Corps radiophoto.

WA R A T A GLANCE
By The Associated Press
WESTERN FRONT,-First drives
German thrust through Belgium
back 12 miles-Third narrows ene-
my retreat route to 13 miles.
RUSSIAN FRONT-Red troops
enter west section of Budapest.
Fierce hand-to-hand fighting.
PACIFIC FRONT - American
bombers hit Two Jima for 21st
consecutive daily attack. Japs lose

Tommies Establish Barriers
In Athens, Acquire Piraeus

23 planes in
doro.

recent strike at Min-

Army Operates
Ward Company
In Seven Cities
By The Associated Press
CHICAGO, Dec. 29.- Maj.-Gen.
Joseph W. Byron and his staff went
briskly about the business of operat-
ing Montgomery Ward and Company
properties in seven cities in the name
of the government today.
Sewell Avery, Ward's board chair-
man, was in the headquarters build-
ing today, his secretary said, but on-
the-spot reporters said they did not
see him enter his private office or
meet General Byron.
Hearing Scheduled
As action continued on the federal
court front, Judge Philip L. Sullivan
set Jan. 8 for a hearing on a govern-
ment petition for a declaratory judg-
ment establishing legality of the
seizure and the executive authority
under which it was made, and for an
injunction to restrain Ward's offi-
cials from interference, should any
develop, with the Army men in com-
mand.
The court told Hugh B. Cox, assis-
tant to the Solicitor-General, if in-
terference arose before Jan. 8 the
government could ask for an immed-
iate temporary injunction. Cox told
the court he had not yet heard of
any interference.
Army Confers with CIO
General Byron's labor relations
officer, Lt.-Col. Daniel L. Boland,
conferred with officials of the CIO
United Retail, Wholesale and De-
partment Store Employes. Colonel
Boland and Lt.-Col. Paul Hebert,
legal adviser, requested H. L. Pear-
son, Ward vice-president and treas-
urer, to turn over certain books and
records to the Army.
Pearson told them he would dis-
cuss their request with Avery, who
had declared the seizure unconsti-
tutional and could'not be accepted
or obeyed by Ward's.
Military Opens
Detroit Ward's
DETROIT, Dec. 29-( P)-Nearly all
striking employes of four Montgom-
ery Ward & Co. retail stores in the
Detroit area returned to their jobs
today as affairs of the chain organ-
ization here were administered by
Armv noicrs who setn the+r nA_

By The Associated Press
ATHENS, Dec. 29-British Forces
now hold more than half of Athens
and have acquired Piraeus, harbor
area of the embattled Greek capital,
as a solid base for operations against
the ELAS, it was announced tonight.
British Paratroopers and Greek
National Guardists, supported by
Tank and Armored Car Units, com-
pleted an important phase in the
drive to clear the capital by push-
ing ELAS groups back from a sec-
ondary highway that runs through
the industrial west side of Athens
from Omonia Square to the harbor.
Road Forms Boundary
This roadway wrested from the
ELAS now forms a rough boundary
for British-held territory lying be-
tween Athens and Piraeus. The
fighting between these two points-
except for sporadic sniping-has
moved to the northwest sector 'of
this "line."
The British completed clearing of
Panama Unsetled,
U. S. Patrols Canal
BALBOA, Panama C. Z., Dec. 29-
(P)-Steel-helmeted U. S. Military
Police and white-clad Navy Shore
Patrolmen were on duty all along
the boundary between the Canal
Zone and Panama City today as
political agitation increased in Pan-
ama with the resignation of the
cabinet.
Fourteen deputies who supported
a manifesto Thursday calling in ef-
fect for the replacement of Presi-
dent Ricardo Adolfo De La Guardia
were in the Hotel Tivoli in Ancon,
Canal Zone, awaiting transportation
to the Mexican Embassy, which of-
fered asylum.

the southeastern suburbs of Athens
and the capital's east main line com-
munications along the Phaleron
Road, thus strengthening their grasp
on the city's environs.
Churchill Returns
(Prime Minister Churchill and
Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden ar-
rived back in Britain today follow-
ing their conferences in Athens seek-
ing to end the civil strife. They im-
mediately convened the War Cabinet
to report on the situation. Churchill
and Eden are expected to confer
shortly with King George of Greece
and urge him to accede to the ap-
pointment of a Regency.)
German Attack
Checked Along
Serchio Valley
a
ROME, Dec. 29-(P-German at-
tacks down the Serchio River valley
near the western end of the Italian
front appeared to have been checked
tonight after four days of hard fight-
ing in which American troops were
forced back along a six-mile sector
and driven from at least two towns.
An Allied announcement described
the situation as "fairly quiet," indi-
cating that the main force of the
Nazi assault had been spent. The
announcement conceded that the
enemy had captured Gallicano, 15
miles north of Lucca, as well as
Barga, two miles to the northeast.
There still was no official estimate
of the Germans' total gain. Neither
was there an indication whether the
attack merely was a large-scale di-
versionary raid.

brust
ThirdArmy
Cuts Nazi
Road Back
Gerinais Prepare
Defensive Stand
By The Associated Press
PARIS, Dec. 30, Saturday-Power-
ful blows by the U.S. First and Third
Armies have knocked back the Ger-
mans 12 miles at the western end of
their thrust into Belgium and com-
pressed the enemy's corridor from
the Reich to 13 miles.
There were indications that the
Germans, their initiative lost, were
preparing for a defensive stand as
long as possible on the lines of their
bulge. Observers reported intensive
movements inside the enemy salient
and at many places along the perim-
eter Nazi soldiers were feverishly
throwing up fortifications and plant-
ing mines.
First Recover IRochefort
The First Army, punching forward
a mile and a half, reached th edge
of Rochefort-12 miles from the
point where the German advance
once was within three miles of the
Meuse River.
At the same time It.-Gen. George
S. Patton's Third Army pounded to
the Reich border at three points in
northeast Luxembourg, broke the
enemy's Sure River line and cement-
ed positions four miles north of Bas-'
togne-only 13 miles from the point
where the First is fighting down
from the north.
In a dispatch covering develop-
ments up to yesterday morning, As-
sociated Press correspondent Lewis
Hawkins said the corridor into Bas-
togne was strengthened against stout
resistance from the west, but lesser
opposition from the east.
Yanks Take 15 Towns
In this period at least 15 more
towns had been overrun by the two
American armies and Field Marshal
Karl von Rundstedt's steel spear-
heads had been shattered with fear-
ful slaughter.
Some of-the best news was that
clear weather returned today to the
Third Army front. The sky was
laced with condensation trails as
everything from heavy bombers to
fighterbombers blasted the Germans
who for two days had moved under
the cover of fog.
Bombers Hit
Iwo Jima Base
Jap Radio Reports U.S.
Convoy Approaching
By The Associated Press
American Bombers made their 21st
consecutive daily attack on Iwo Jima,
Japanese airbase 750 miles south of
Tokyo, Adm. Chester W. Nimitz an-
nounced yesterday, while the Nippo-
nese broadcast accounts of a big
United States convoy heading west-
ward through Mindanao Sea, Philip-
pines,
Another enemy aerial stab at Am-
erican airfields on Mondoro Island,
Philippines, cost the Japanese eight
of their 23 planes in an attack Wed-
nesday night and early Thursday
morning, Gen. Douglas MacArthur
reported. The raiders caused some

damage.
American Bombers ranged the
Philippine Archipelago, Mitchell Me-
diums heavily damaging a 7,000-ton
Japanese Freighter - Transport in
Lingayen Gulf, on the west coast of
Luzon, and heavies dropping 72 tons
of explosives on San Jose Airdrome,
Panay Island, knocking out six
grounded enemy planes.
Liberators from the Marianas
struck Iwo Jima Wednesday (U. S.
time) in continuation of an intense
neutralization campaign against the
source of Japanese air attacks on
the U. S. Superfortbase at Saipan.
The raiders met heavy antiaircraft
fire, but all returned home safely.
Ice Breakers Will
Open Lake Michigan
CHICAGO, Dec. 29-()--The U.
S. Maritime Commission said tonight
that, with the aid of a new and pow-
-, m . m m 2

NEW YEAR'S DEC. 30:
Jimmy Straue 1945
Welcom l94v

CAMPUS FAREWELL TO 1944:
League Plans Special New
Year's Eve Celebration
,v r

I

CAMPUS EVENTS
Today Deadline for V-Ball com-
mittee petitioning at
noon.
Today First Western Confer-
ence basketball game.
Michigan vs. Ohio State
at 7:30 p. m. in Yost

New Year's Eve will come early this
year for students attending the cele-
bration to be held from 9 p. m. to
midnight today in the Rainbow Room
of the Union.
The New Year will be welcomed at
11 p. m. with noisemakers, confetti
and paper streamersprovided by the
Officers Recalled
From Overseas Duty
WASHINGTON, Dec. 29.- (A)-
The War Department has recalled

"Anything you can name in the
form of entertainment we will have
for you at the all-campus New
Year's Eve Celebration tomorrow
night at the League," members of
the Women's War Council said yes-
terday at a special holiday meet-
ing.
Everything from food to for-
tune tellers will be provided by the
Council for University students.
The affair is scheduled to begin at
8:30 p, m. and will continue until
1:30 a. m.
The highlight of the evening will
be the welcome prepared for young
1945. Promptly at ,midnight the

Walked Home From the Buggy
Ride."
A special showing of the Leslie
Howard, Merle Oberon movie "The
Scarlet Pimpernel" will be presented
by Mortar Board, senior women's
honor society, in the Lydia Mendel-
ssohn Theater. Those who attend
the first showing which will begin
at 8:30 p. m. will also be able to
take part in the midnight celebra-
tion in the Ballroom. The second
showing of the movie will begin at
11:15 p. m.
Refreshments may be purchased
at the coke bar in the Ballroom
or in the Grillroom. Assembly and
Panhellenic will cooperate in oper-
e iv r 1 n 2. 7rnn. er ie , . .r _ ..

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