E 7 (
TilE MICHICAN DAILY
Saipan Proves Effective Base
ANN FAGAN GINGER
Edited and managed by students of the University
of Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
. Managing Editor
* * City Editor
. Associate Editor
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Associate Sports Editor
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Menber of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
Otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
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Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.,
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
FtPRESENTE PO NATIONAL AOVRTa"O
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NIGHT EDITOR: ARTHUR J. KRAFT
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
PRESIDENT RAINEY of the University of
Texas has, in the recent dispute culminating
in his dismissal, done something few men
have the courage to do-take a positive stand
irrespective of possible repercussions.
The dispute centered on an issue which
concerns the personnel of all universities-
academic freedom vs. arbitrary control.
Pushed too far by a reactionary board of
regents, Rainey, a consistently liberal president,
publicly denounced them for their curtailment
of academic freedom.
The breach is the result of a number of inci-
dents which involve more than an intangible
concept of academic freedom. The regents have
taken a position to the Right, the :far Right,
on every issue.
The regents banned Dos Passos "U. S. A."
from use in English. classes as a 'radical' book.
In this University's Modern Novel course, the
book is used as an example of better English
prose, however, not as a stimulus to revolution.
More serious was the firing of three economics
instructors, labelled "radical' by the regents, for
attempting to correct the erroneous impression
created by. a Dallas News full-page advertise-
ment for a "We Want Action" mass meeting
in 1942. It stated that "while our boys are
dying on Bataan" we have a law which says that
workers in defense industries should not work
more than forty hours a week."
The instructors pointed out that the Wages
and Hours Act did not limit workers to a forty
hour week, but rather required employers to
pay time-and-a-half for hours worked beyond
The truth was contrary to the interests
of the regents, who take their cues from the
'big men' of Texas, and the three 'radicals'
President Rainey fought both these moves,
supported by students, faculty and alumni, to
Students took action during the disputes and
at the time of his dismissal. They called mass
meetings. They paraded. They refused to go to
classes in protest. They are still pressing his
President Rainey has not been reinstated,
but the outcome of the dispute is never-
theless a victory for academic freedom. The
board of regents is unmasked, unity achieved
over the issue among the students, faculty
and alumni, and the sympathy of the entire
THE CABLEGRAM sent to the Daily by the
students and faculty of the Leningrad Uni-
versity is an indication that a bond of friend-
ship can be established between the .Soviet
Union and the United States.
Although the system of the Russian Universi-
ties is different from ours, we are both striv-
ing for the same goal, the education of the
people of the world and the abolishment of slav-
ery and oppression throughout the world.
Throughout the siege of the city of Leningrad,
the students and faculty members did not stop
their unceasing efforts to help better the world.
Instead they went underground to continue their
scientific researches that will eventually be
revealed to the world, and also continued their
By DREW PEARSON
W ASHINGTON, DEC. 4-The plan of contin-
uously bombing Japan from Saipan promises
to be one of the most important strategies of the
war. But like all difficult innovations, it already
has-evolved some serious kinks which must be
They include: crew fatigue, maintenance prob-
lems, weather conditions and home-front pro-
duction of planes to replace those lost in action.
Upon these factors depend the frequency with
which. we can keep up the rain of bombs on
The bombing of Japan from Saipan represents
a gruelling experience for the crews involved,
and allowances must be made to provide neces-
sary rest periods. If any of the crews partici-
pating in the Thanksgiving Day raid tried it
again three days later, it would be only natural
to expect that their operational ability would
be proved reduced because of the wearing effect
of the earlier 3,000-mile flight.
Reconnaissance photos taken after the first
two raids did show severe damage to a major
aircraft plant outside of Tokyo, also effective
shattering of several waterfront areas which
are jampacked with Tokyo traffic.
Other Obstacles to Raids ...
OFFICIALS have also learned that the B-29
still has certain defects which may require
modification in future production. These pri-
marily concern the safety of air crews and
should be remedied before bombing of Japan
can be carried out on a day-to-day basis.
One major hope is that General MacArthur's
forces will be able to secure several bases in the
Philippines so that the B-29s can operate from
there, thus smashing at the south of Japan
almost at will. Because of the B-29s' vast size,
it is almost impossible to conceal them under
camouflage, with the result that Japanese
planes still operating from scores of fields in
the Philippines could bomb B-29s at will if they
were based on Leyte now.
Sf orza and the British...
THERE is a significant background story be-
hind the banning of Count Carlo Sforza
from the Italian Cabinet by the British. It goes
back to private conversations the Italian Re-
publican leader had in Washington with Brit-
ish Ambassador Lord Halifax and Secretary
Hull, at which time he expressed himself as
vigorously opposed to the Italian royal family.
That is the real reason he has now been banned.
The issue boils down to whether the Allies
are going to champion kings or republics in
Europe under the Atlantic Charter. Here is the
inside story of Count Sforza's talks in the
U. S. A."
When he first arrived in Washington, an exile
from Mussolini's Italy, Sforza made friends with
several merbers of the U. S. Cabinet, and talked
with Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles. A
former Foreign Minister in pre-Fascist Italy, he
had no money except what little he could make
giving lectures and teaching in American univer-
sities. His property in Italy had been seized after
'Finally, when Mussolini was overthrown, Count
Sforza asked Secretary Hull for permission to re-
turn to Italy. Hull had no objection but suggest-
ed that Sforza have a talk first with the British
Ambassador. This was done.
Conversation with Halifax ...
LORD HALIFAX was most cordial but was con-
cerned over the fact that Count Sforza be-
lieved in an Italian republic. He urged that the
Italian people continue to pay allegiance to the
Sforza said he had no objection to the House
of Savoy if the Italian peoplehwanted it on the
throne, but contended that there should be a
plebiscite to ascertain whether they really want-
ed a king.
When he later reported the conversation to his
friends in the Roosevelt Cabinet, one remark
by Ialifax which especially impressed them was:
"The British people have enjoyed a very happy
relationship with the House of Windsor. Why
can't the Italian people enjoy the same kind of
relationship with the House of Savoy?"
To this Sforza replied: "But you chopped off
the head of one of your kings before you came
to enjoy that happy relationship."
Sforza also pointed out that the Italian royal
family was degenerate and not respected, that
King Victor Emmanuel had bowed supinely be-
fore Mussolini and that -Crown Prince Humbert
was a weakling.
To this the British Ambassador countered
with the suggestipn that the Austrian branch
of the House of Savoy assume the throne.
"They are even less respected," Sforza replied.
Sforza argued that the Italian monarchy was
decrepit and, if it was thrust down the throats
of a rebellious people, this would hurt the pres-
tige of all monarchies, including the British
On Second Thought.. .
Patton's forces Roer on and no one is saari
but the Germans.
In his coming trial we can't necessarily
expec't that McKay will be Frank.
"Bullet" Bob Westfall threw so many passes
for the Lions on Sunday that we can start
calling him "Robot-Bomb" Bobby.
He was evidently impressed by all this talk
about free air that eminated from the Chicago
conference. -Ray Dixon
Kept Waiting for Passport
THIS SEEMED to impress Halifax, who said
he would telephone Churchill that night.
Sforza, however, never heard the result of the
phone call. All he knew was that he was kept
waiting by the State Department for a passport.
He suspected State Department-British coopera-
tion, since there has been a strong clique among
U. S. career diplomats who bow before Italian
Secretary Hull, however, had a high opinion
of Sforza,. and finally the Count got his passport.
Reaction in Washington was not good. Even
LordHalifax seemed unhappy.
But most vigorous reaction of all was that of
Italo-American leaders. They were boiling mad
at Britain's insistence on the Italian monarchy.
Some Italo-American labor leaders even whis-
pered about a sit-down strike against Churchill
on his next visit to the U. S. A.
(Copyright, 1944, by United Feature Syndicate. Inc.)
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
VEW YORK, DEC. 4-The New Isolationist
Line: Have America's isolationists read the
election returns and given up? Not at all. They
are in process of evolving a "new line." A care-
ful reading of American newspapers most close-
ly associated with isolationism, and its little
brother, nationalism, shows that American isola-
tionism is now taking the following directions:
1. Isolation today is toying with demagogic
leftism. It is beginning to attack "big busi-
ness." In the Middle West, it is sending up an
outcry against "domination of the Republican
party" by the bankers of the east. Colonel
McCormick's Chicago Tribune is making a
major editorial campaign of this theme. The
Colonel is against the "dudes" and the "aristo-
crats," the "reactionaries," who, he feels, have
misled the G. O.TP.
The attack by Senator Langer, Republican, of
North Dakota, against confirmation of Mr. Stet-
tinius' appointment as Secretary of State, is an-
other example. Mr. Langer, who has a long
isolationist background, did not attack Mr. Stet-
tinius as an internationalist. He attacked Stet-
tinius, and, alone among the Senators, voted
against him, as "a Morgan man."
During the election campaign isolation bitterly
fought the C. I. O. Now it has turned itself
neatly around, and is fighting big business. This
mixture of red and black, of rightist and leftist
demagogy, all stirred together in the same pot,
is a familiar one to any student of world poli-
tics. American isolation, today, is following a
well-charted course. On Mondays, Wednesdays
and Fridays, it finds that the country is in the
grip of the Communists. On Tuesdays, Thurs-
days and Saturdays it reports that the bankers
and money-men have much too much power.
AMERICAN ISOLATIONISM is trying, there-
fore, to build a "front" of anti-labor die-
hards, of unorganized workers, of hard-pressed
members of the middle-class and of the white-
collar groups. It has made itself the leader of
those sections of business which are most bitterly
hostile to organized labor, and it is also at-
tempting, by a sudden spurt of synthetic left-
ism, to lead confused and bewildered sections
of the plain people into the same parlor. It
has set up a table with bargain offers on it for
everybody. It is against Sidney Hillman, but it
is also against Eastern bankers; bargains for
everybody are on that table, and whichever one
you reach for, you lose your hand.
2. Isolationism, stung by our growing na-
tional unity on foreign policy, is trying to
counter the trend by raking up tired and
ancient sectional issues in American life.
It is against the "bankers," not only because
they are bankers, but because they are "eastern."
It sets up the doctrine that the Middle West
s the only really American position of America.
However, it glances at the election returns, and
fnds that Middle Western states such as Illinois,
Michigan and Minnesota have voted for Roose-
velt and for internationalism. Well, that must
I be due to the city vote; so isolationism ever since
election day, has been bitterly opposed to what
it calls "city slickers." It is also against the
South, because the South is Solid; and it is
against California, because California makes
movies, some of which have helped awaken the
people to the need for international action. It
is against New York, because that is where the
bankers are, and also because that is where the
Isolation stirs mid-West against East, farm-
er against city slicker; in fact, it whirls like a
dervish in its effort to find somebody who is
against somebody, no matter how or what, so
that it can stop the march toward national
agreement on the key issue of our day. It has
made the discovery, shocking to it, that almost
all of labor, and much of business, agree that
the issue of a sound foreign policy transcends
their quarrel with each other, and isolation is
desperately trying to find some leverage for
disunity on this point.
But our unity on foreign policy must indeed
be substantial, if it can only be fought by tactics
such as these.
There have been further developments in
isolationist thinking, however, and these will be
taken up in another article.
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
OUR first niece was born in Sep-c
tember, a blue-eyed, snub-nosed
Rebecca. We suddenly found our-1
selves with a new outlook: here is
The New Generation which is be-
ing born in the United States, in
Russia, England. France, Yugoslavia;
even in Belgium, Greece, India, Chi-
na children are being born. And
with new urgency we need the
answers: what are the best methods
of child psychology? What are the
best educational techniques? Most
important of all-How can we be sure
that these new citizens of the world
are going to live to maturity with
good strong bodies and sound minds
and normal emotional reactions?
When min and women decide to
bear children, or decide not to let
them die at birth (as some ancient
civilizations did), they are actually
saying: We believe that there can
be a place in the world where this
child can live and grow. Slaves
and serfs and war-brides and re-
liefers are declaring that there is
another way for people to live, and
that their children will find that
way, even though they, the par-
ents, have little room for hope or
proof of progress
The Long View we have been hold-
ing onto during our own youth sud-
denly seems much too long. The Fu-
ture is somehow right here, to be
dealt with now, by all of us. First we
must find out what Becky needs that
we didn't have. And then we must
discover how to shorten that Long
View until it can fit into her life,
Put shortly, just four things:
Peace, .Plenty, Freedom and Inde-
pendence. These are things which
Becky wouldn't have if she were
our age, even in America. And
that she wouldn't have if she lived
anywhere else in the world.
Since we are Americans, we'll put
the problem in its narrow sense,
which doesn't mean that the rest of
the world's children can be neglected.
But that we can do more about
Becky than we can about the young-
sters of other nations, although their
futures and hers are bound together.
She needs Peace, a thing this gen-
eration was brought up on, but lost,
through no fault of its own, to face
War emotionally unprepared, intel-
lectually, idealistically, materially
unready. And the answer is not to
teach her from the beginning that
War is the way of the world, that
militarism, obeying orders -egardiess
of your opinion, revereing men for-
their rank and not for their ninrin-
sic worth, is the best way of living.
Or that loneliness and emotionalisa
and living with people whose ruined
bodies and minds make personal
peace impossible . . . that this is the
only way mankind can manage.
Nor can she be sure of Peace if
our State Department is run by busi-
ness men alone (as now appears
likely.) If international cartels and
private ownership of munitions
plants are continued. If this coun-
try is going to supply the world with
goods: but only enough for the same
Economy of Scarcity now e'stent
here (where it is estimated that in
normal times 275,000 Americans die
annually of starvation.)
SHE NEEDS Plenty. If we are to
achieve this for her, we must re-
member the thirteen million unem-
ployed in this country only ten years
ago. We cannot let our economy be
planned by men who think there is
nothing wrong with such large-scale
starvation, with bringing Becky up on
beans and water, (till perhaps anoth-
er Boom appears, along with another
We can't continue this shortage of
medical care, lack of low-priced,
'high-quality goods, of the sales tax
on necessities. Of low wages, thou-
sands of industrial accidents yearly,
no job security or assurance of seni-
She needs Freedom. Personal, ec-
onomic, educational, intellectual. She
must be secure in her home from
unlawful searches and seizures (as
her grandparents were not in the
Palmer raids after World War I).
She must be assured fair trial by
jury in case of arrest. (As too many
Americans in our times have not
been: the list is too long to quote,
but it includes Sacco and Vanzetti,
the Scottsboro boys, the Sleepy La-
goon seventeen-year olds, the Negro
boy who was lynched last week.) She
must be permitted to believe what she
wishes, without fear of losing her
job or her chance for advancement,
as long as those beliefs do not con-
tradict democratic ideals. (Something
college professors, union organizers.
newspaper men, members of all mi-
nority groups have never felt.) She
must be given a chance to vote and
to voice her opinions. (Which South-
ern Negroes and 'poor whites cannot
do, and which the Ku Klux. Kland
and the Black Legion in our own1
time in Michigan, did not permit.)C
She needs Independence. Aa
chance to read and study the phil-i
osophies Wvich sometimes go outp
of fashion: Jefferson's, Jackson's,a
A. Lincoln's, 0. W. holmes'. Av
chance for a good education, whichv
she wouldn't get if she were of
school age now, in many rural com-a
munities, here in Michigan as wellL
as in the South. And a collegea
education, which she might have i'
trouble getting if she were Jewishd
and the present restrictions con-i
Part of Independence is the right
to organize with others who think asn
you do. By the time she grows upr
the state amendments just passed int
Arkansas and Florida prohibitingt
closed shops must be erased. Andr
the pressure of vigilante groups inc
California and other states againstr
Okies, people just trying to earn an1
adequate living, must be wiped out.
And the peonage, and tenant farm-..
ing and virtual slavery of much mod-t
ern industrial and agricultural pro-t
duction must cease.c
Four things for this blue-eyedr
Becky, which she, as a product of
citizens who believe in a democratic
future, has a right to. And which we
had a right to, but didn't get. 1
TUESDAY, DEC. 5, 1944 l
VOL. LV., No. 29
All notices for The Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the,
Assistant to the President, 1021 Angell
Hall, in typewritten form by 3:30 p. m'.
of the day preceding its publication,
except on Saturday when the notices
should be submitted by 11:30 a. m.
Student Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to students
Wednesday afternoon, Dec. 6, from
4 to 6 o'clock.
To All Members of the University
Senate: The first regular meeting of
the University Senate for the current
school year will be held on Monday,
Dec. 11, at 4:15 p. m. in the Rackham
Protection of University Property
Against Theft: Whenever it becomes
known that property has been stolen
or is missing, notice should be given
with utmost promptness at the Busi-
ness Pffice, Room 1, University Hall.
This applies to articles owned by the
institution or owned privately.
For the protection of property it
is important that doors and windows'
he locked, inside doors as well as out-
side doors, when rooms are to be left
unoccupied even for a brief period.
The building custodians cannot be
responsible for conditions after the
hours when they are on duty or when
persons with keys to buildings un-
lock doors and leave them unlocked.
It is desirable that department heads
make a careful check two or three
times a year of all keys to quarters
under their charge, to make sure that
keys have not been lost and are not
in the hands of persons no longer
requiring their use. It is strictly
contrary to University rules to have
duplicate keys made or to lend keys
issued for personal use.
A reward of $50 is offered to any
person 'for information that directly
or indirectly leads to the apprehen-
sion of a thief or thieves on Univer-
-Shirley W. Smith
cholarships, in which the University
>f Michigan heartily concurs, are to
promote and strengthen the cultural
relations between China and the
United States and to encourage Chi-
nese studies in this country. The
eneral conditions under which these
cholarships will be administered are
1. Eligibility. As a minimum con-
dition, applicants must have shown
merit in at least one yea's study of
Chinese language, history, literature,
art, geography, or the social sciences
in relation to China. Authorship of
published writin'gs, on any of the
above subjects, if judged to be of
value by the committee in charge,
will be taken into consideration.
Candidates may be either persons
already registered as students in the
University of Michigan or eligible for
admission to the University of Mich-
igan as graduate students or as un-
dergraduates with upperclass stand-
ing in one of the other units of the
2. Stipend and term of appoint-
ment. The scholarships carry a sti-
pend of $1,500 per year of two semes-
ters or terms). Appointments will
be made on the annual basis, and
may be renewed upon expiration, ex-
cept that no individual will be per-
mitted to hold the scholarship for
more than three consecutive years.
3. Selection of scholars. A com-
mittee appointed by the President of
the University will receive applica-
tions and select the most suitable
candidates. Applications should be
made to Dr. Frank E. Robbins, Assist-
ant to the President, 1021 Angell
Mall. It is desirable that candidates
should arrange for a personal inter-
view with the committee.
4. Other requirements. In order to
carry out the purposes of the scholar-
ships, holders will be required to
pursue under faculty supervision a
program of study centering upon the
Chinese language, literature, and
culture generally, or the social sci-
ences as they relate to China. The
holders of scholarships must carry on
their studies in residence at the Uni-
versity of Michigan, except that on
recommendation of their faculty ad-
viser and with the approval of the
committee in charge arrangements
may be made to do a portion of the
If suitable candidates appear, ap-
pointments will be made at the be-
ginning of the Spring term. 1944-
45, and thereafter.
Phillips Scholarships: Freshman
students who presented four units of
Latin, with or without Greek, for
admission to the University, and who
are continuing the study of either
language, are invited to compete for
the Phillips Classical Scholarships.
Two scholarships, of fifty dollars
each, will be awarded on the basis of
a satisfactory written examination
covering the preparatory work in
Latin or in both Latin and Greek, as
described in the bulletin on scholar-
ships, a copy of which may be ob-
tained in Rm. 1, University Hall.
The examination will be held this
year in Rm. 2013 Angell Hall on
Thursday, Dec. 7, at 4 p.m. Inter-
ested students are requested to sub-
mit their names to Professor Copley,
2026 A.H., or to Dr. Rayment, 2030
Choral Union Members whose at-
tendance records are clear, will please
call for courtesy tickets admitting to
the Carroll Glenn concert today,
Dec. 5, between 9:30 and 11:30 and
1:00-4:00 at the offices of the Uni-
versity Musical Society, in Burton
Memorial Tower. After 4 o'clock no
tickets will be issued.
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and' the Arts: The civilian
freshman five-week progress reports
will be due Dec. 9 in the Office of the
Academic Counselors, 108 Mason
Identification Cards are now ready
for distribution in Rm. 2, University
World War II Veterans: Dr. Bruce
M. Raymond of the U. S. Veterans
Administration, Dearborn, Mich., will
be available for consultation in the
office of the Veterans Service Bur-
eau, 1514 Rackham Building, Wed-
nesday, Dec. 6.
The five-weeks' grades for Navy
a nd Marine trainees (other than
Engineers and Supply Corps) will be
due Dec. 9. Department offices will
be provided with special cards and
the Office of the Academic Counsel-
ors, 108 Mason Hall, will receive
these reports and transmit them to
I the proper officers.
Approved organizations. The fol-
lowing organizations have been ap-
proved for the academic year 1944-
45. Those which have not been regis-
tered with the Dean of Students this
fall are presumed to be inactive for
Alpha Chi Sigma
Alpha Kappa Alpha
Alpha Phi Omega
Am. Inst. of Electrical Engineers
Am. Soc. of Civil Engineers
Christian Science Organization
Michigan Youth for Democratic
Mu Phi Epsilon
Phi Delta Epsilon
Robert Owen Housea
Society of Women Engineers
Women's Athletic Association
Publication in the Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
( students and faculty members.
Petitions for Assembly War Activi-
ties Chairmen and Personnel Admini-
strator must be submitted by 5 p. m.
today in the League Undergraduate
Office. Interviewing will be held on
Wednesday and Thursday of this
week from two to five p. m. Sign
up for an interview on the appoint-
ments sheet posted on the door of
the Kalamazoo Room. Any eligible
independent woman is welcome to
All War Activities Sheets for Nov-
ember must be turned in today by
5 p. m. League House presidents
Shouldn't we ask Mom if we can take this stuff?
I [it would be like asking her to
She'll never miss that small sack
of flour, m'boy. Or that little
bolt of unprinted calico. Or-
By Crockett Johnson
Yes. I'll strike some sharp .j
bargains when the trappers UN
and hunters trek in from IFUR ,RA INGPOST
. lo InrrJI CVhMlleY