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December 02, 1944 - Image 2

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1944-12-02

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Tfitl- 1-4-icHiCAN D-,Aij-Lt-

SNONDT, nC, Z 1944

... ... .......... .... . ......... . .. . .....................

Nelson Reassured by Stalin

Lee Amer . . . Business Manager
Barbara Chadwick . . Associate Business Mgr.
June Pomering . . Associate Business Mgr.
Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
Th- Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mall matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $525.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Think Now!
LILLIAN GISH, in her lecture at Hill Audito-
rium Wednesday night, stated that after
the last war, the people of this country refused
to hear or gee anything about the war.
She further stated that she feared the same
situation would occur after this war. In an
interview after the lecture, she declared that she
felt such a situation would be unfortunate for
this country and for the world, but regretted
that she had no solution for avoiding this.
It is only normal for the peoples of the
world to want to return to normalcy after the
war, and to forget the hardships they have
endured. However, the people of America and
the people of the world must realize now, be-
fore it is too late, that they cannot forget the
war after hostiities cease.
For it is after the shooting is over that the real
problems arise. The rebuilding of the post war
world * be and must be the thought upper-
most in the minds of the peoples of the world.
The people of Russia who saw their homes
uprooted and their civilians killed unmercifully;
the citizens of London who endured blitzkreigs
and robot bombings without flinching; and those
Americans who have seen and still will see their
loved ones go off to war and never come back,
can not forget the war. It will be those who
did not endure any more hardships than ration-
ing or the inability to obtain cigarettes, who
must decide immediately that they will not for-
get the war either.
We must start to think about the postwar
world now, and begin to formulate our own
opinions on 'what the post war world will be
like. The economic, political, and social con-
ditions that starte this war must be ironed
out. They cannot be unless everyone is will-
ing to think and do something constructive
We cannot revert back to our traditional policy
of isolationism after this war. So let's get used
to the idea right now. The American people
must shake off their apathy and get down to
brass tacks. If you have any ideas about the
world after the war let others know about it,
and above all let Congress know. Members of
the Congress are representatives of the people,
but they cannot do their jobs well unless they
know what the people want.
Do you know what type of postwar world
you want, and what you are going to do to
make that ideal a reality? Too many Univer-
sity students and citizens of this couhtry do
not know. They must. They can only accom-
plish this end by studying the problems of
prewar days and post war, and start to think
about the situation now. It isn't too late
-Aggie Miller
England's Losses
FNGLAND'S war effort and losses were strik-
ingly illustrated by the White Paper released
by the British government this week. The ship-
ping losses and bomb damage figures that have
been announced for the first time are most re-
vealing in their extent and amount of suffering.
The fact that one out of every three homes in

Britain has been destroyed or damaged by air
raids and robot bombs points out more than any-
thing else ache active and "battlefield" partici-
pation of civilians in this war. In no other con-
flicts have persons other than the actual fight-
ers had the war thrust upon them so forcefully.
As one of the rulers of the seas, Britain was

WASHINGTON, DEC. 2-When Donald Nelson
conferred with Stalin at the Kremlin during
his first trip to China, he questioned Stalin at
length about the Chinese Communists. He espe-
cially wanted to be able to assure Chiang Kai-
shek that the Chinese Communists would not
try to impose a Soviet government on the rest
of the country if Chiang permitted them to join
his Government.
Stalin assured Nelson that, to the best of
his knowledge, Chinese Reds had no intention
of communizing the country as Chiang Kai-shek
Quipped Stalin: "They're not real Com-
munists, they're just margarine Communists."
Millionaires in State Department
If newly appointed Secretary of State
Ed Stettinius goes through with some of the
plans discussed for new Assistant Secretaries,
the State Department will really be a mil-
lionaires' club.
Here are some of the men on the list for
probable appointment:
Nelson Rockefeller, now head of the Latin
American cultural office, may be Assistant See-
retary in charge of Latin American affairs.
Rockefeller, son of one of the richest men in
America, did a good job in improving war-time
Pan American relations until (1) he began to
close down his work, and (2) the whole Argen-
tine mess caused such resentment.
Will Clayton, millionaire cotton broker and
chief aide to Jesse Jones, may be Assistant Sec-
retary in charge of economic matters. Clayton,
who buys and sells more cotton than any man
in the world, conceived the idea of boosting
cotton production in Brazil, making her this
country's greatest competitor. He succeeded.
Adolf Berle, whose wife recently inherited
$3,000,000 in New York real estate, would remain
as Assistant Secretary.
Lew Douglas, former Director of the Budget
and former deputy War Shipping Administrator,
may become Undersecretary. Popular with the
President, Douglas was slated to become Under-
secretary when Sumner Welles resigned, but
FDR suddenly switched to Stettinius. Douglas is
now head of Mutual' Life Insurance of New
York, his family own large copper mines in
Arizona, and he has been close to the J. P.
Morgan firm, from which Stettinius also springs.
Jimmy Dunn, closest friend to Mr. Hull in the
Department, may now be elevated to Assistant
Secretary. Dunn married into the Armour
millions. He supplied the croquet field on which
Mr. Hull played his favorite game when he was
Capital Chaff .. .
It was Harry Hopkins who carried the prom-
ise to ex-Justice Byrnes that he could be Sec-
retary of State if he stayed on as War Mobilizer.
.This is the second time in three years that
South Carolina has had a newspaper publisher
in the U. S. Senate. When Jimmy Byrnes step-
ped from the Senate up to the Supreme Court
in 1941, Greenville News-Piedmont publisher
Roger Peace was appointed interim Senator to
take his place. Now Governor Olin Johnston
has appointed Anderson Mail and Independent-
Tribune publisher Wilton E. Hall to replace the
late "Cotton Ed" Smith until Johnston himself
takes office in the Senate in January. . . When
and if FDR looks around for a new Secretary of
Labor, he ought to scan the unique record of
buff, ruddy-faced Congressman "Gus" Kelly of
Pennsylvania, who owns several mines outside of
Pittsburgh, has two sons who carry union cards,
and always gets a solid vote from the United
Mine Workers . . . De Gaulle's new Ambassador
to Washington, Henri Bonnet, should not be
confused with appeasing Ambassador Georges
Bonnet who served here before Munich . . .The
new Bonnet has been here many times, but
never as Ambassador. His wife ran a hat shop
in New York after the fall of France to keep
the family in funds. Her refugee husband taught
and wrote for a living. He will be a breath of
life to the diplomatic corps.
Relations with Latin America..
Some time before Secretary of State Hull went
to the hospital, plump, popular, placid BrazilianI
Ambassador Carlos Martins went down to the
State Department to see him.

Usually Ambassador Martins is the height of
charm and suave geniality. No one would
ever expect him to be tough. But he can be.
And in talking to Secretary Hull, Ambassador
Martins politely but coldly laid it on the line
that Brazil could not live in close juxta-posi-
tion with her chief neighbor, Argentina, with-
out exchanging ambassadors and being on
speaking terms. The situation would be simi-
lar to the United States and Canada breaking
diplomatic relations and refusing to speak to
each other, Martins hinted.
While Brazil does not at all concur with Ar-
gentipa's various domestic policies, the Ambas-
sador mace it clear that the Pan American na-
tions should at least hold a meeting to recon-
sider their previous policy of refusing Argentina
Secretary Hull, thumping mad, turned Am-
bassador, Martins down cold.
Since then, it has developed that other Good
Neighbors want to recognize Argentina, or at
least discuss the question of recognition-includ-
ing Mexico, Venezuela and Colombia.
This deadlock has now become the most ser-

ious diplomatic problem facing new Secretary of
State Stettinius. It was also a primary factor
in the President's decision to appoint a new
Secretary of State.
Our situation in regard to Latin America
today is similar to that faced by Calvin Coolidge
in 1927. Secretary of State Frank B. Kellogg
had landed Marines in Nicaragua, had blasted
Mexico with a series of notes putting her "on
trial before the world." As a result, all of
Latin America was sympathetic with those two
countries and seething against us.
Secretary Kellogg could not reverse his poli-
cies without serious loss of prestige. Therefore,
Coolidge shrewdly sent Henry L. Stimson to
Nicaragua and Dwight Morrow to Mexico. They
virtually took things out of Kellogg's hands, re-
vamped our entire policy.
Roosevelt figured that a similar clean-cut
new start would have to be made in our whole
Pan American relations as far as Argentina
was concerned. It could not have been done
under hull; it can now be done under Stet-
tinius-though it will still be difficult.
(Copyright, 1944, by United Feature Syndicate, Tnc.)
War Bond Drive
Realizing that I am com-
pletely ignorant of high
finance, the Treasury De-
partment has asked me to
I do a piece giving the argu-
ments for buying War Bonds
and Stamps. They want a
fresh approach. All right,
let's see what we can do.
To make a good argument,
UPSON we have to have objections.
So we are going to suppose that you are a man
with the name, let us say, of Lemuel W. Logan-
berry, and you have at least ten cents-the
price of one stamp-or maybe you have a lot
of dough. But you are tough. You say, "I will
not buy any Bonds or Stamps." This gets us
off to a good start.
I say, "Why not?"
You say, "How do I know they are a good
investment? How do I know the money I get
back from these things in the future will buy
as much as what I put in today?"
I say, "You don't. Nobody can be sure about
the future. In ten years your money may 'be
worth less. It is also possible--and don't forget
this-that it may be worth more, so you will
make a handsome profit. But that is not the
You say, "Why not? What is an investment
for except -to make money?"
So then I start asking questions. And I start
with one of the more insulting ones: "Don't
you know there's a war on?"
With justified resentment, you say, "Yes."
"Do you read the papers or listen to the
"Do you claim to know what is going on?"
"Very good, Mr. Loganberry," I say. "Then
you already know the answers. You don't have
to take my word for anything. You know you
have a 'stake in this war-unless we win it, this
will not be a nice place for you and Mrs. Logan-
berry ,and the children to live. You know the
war is not yet won-after Germany comes a
long tough job with Japan. You know this war
costs plenty-the papers give figures like $600,000
for just one B-29 plane. And the cost of buy-
ing and transporting thousands of miles all the
food, supplies, weapons, and ammunition for
millions of fighting men runs to so many billions
of dollars that maybe you don't like to think
about it. But you had better think about it.
This is your war, and if you are not risking
your life at the front, the least you can do is shell
out a little of your old mazuma. So what are
you going to do about it?"
This ends my part of the argument. And if
Mr. Loganberry is a normal being-which he
probably is-I have a feeling he will most cer-
tainly do something about it.

THE FRENCH, cheering the British Prime
Minister, hailes him as "Shush-heel." This
is perhaps as close to the original English as a
tongue used to Gallic pronunciation should be
expected to approach, but the French could
learn a thing or two from the way we pronounce
over here in the good old U. S. A.
In our country, of course, our President is re-
ferred to simply as Ruse-velt, Posy-velt, Ruzy-
velt, Rusy-velt, Ruzy-felt, etc. "Shush-heel"
might he pronounced all the way from Choich-
hill in Brooklyn to Chuh-chill in Georgia.
From which it may be gathered that the
French not only speak French better than we do,
but sometimes do the same for English.
Behind Ball.
The Republican organization in the Senate is
reported unlikely to punish Ball. The burning
question, however, is whether it intends to play
-St. Louis Post-Dispatch

Dear Sir:
RECENTLY, I have been following
the editorial page of the Daily
rather closely with a profound inter-
est in the various articles written pro
and con on Conpulsory Military
Training for males in the post war
world. The latest effort, I noticed,
came from Arthur J. Kraft in the

SATURDAY, DEC. 2, 1944
VOL. LV, No. 27
All notices for The Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
Assistant to the President, 1021 Angell
Hall, in typewritten form by 3:30 p. in.
of the day preceding its publication,
except on Saturday when the notices
should be submitted by 11:30 a. ni.

Wednesday edition of your paper. '.To the Members of the Faculty
College of Literature, Science, and
In many respects I agree with the Arts: The December meeting of
Mr. Kraft, but I am afraid that the Faculty of the College of Litera-
his comments as to why such train- ture, Science, and the Arts for the
ing is necessary do not parallel my academic year 1944-45 will be held
own. He is perfectly correct in on Monday, Dec. 4, 1944, at 4:10 p.m.
saying that some fundamental in Rm. 1025 Angell Hall.
solution must be obtained if we The reports of the various commit-
are toprevent future world wide tees have been prepared in advance
conflicts. However, to me at least, and are included with this call to the
compulsory training is not the meeting. They should be retained in
answer to our problems. your files as part of the minutes of
the December meeting.
The promising young columnist I Edward H. Kraus
mnAe the stateicments-ndl T summa-1-

rize-that this training is a neces-
sity on our part for protection against
another Pearl Harbor. Of course, as
far as a sneak attack is concerned,;
this would never have happened if
the United States garrison and the:
United States Naval Forces stationed
on the Hawaiian Islands had been
alert. No matter what program we,
devise for the future protection of
the U. S. A. we must be cautious.
Alertness is the price of freedom.
This proposed training In my
own opinion would not sufice as a
protective element. More than one
years training is necessary for mu-j
tual defense of this country. What{
we need is a well trained and disci-
plined standing army-vigilant at
all times. A small fighting force
about the size of the present Ma-
rine Corps of 500,000 men would
more than adequately comply with
our needs. If the Dumbarton Oaks
plan is used as a fundamental
plank for a world organization, a
fighting element one-half this size
will fill the need. Each nation in
the world would be contributing
an army to insure peace; so a
small standing army of profes-
sional soldiers would be more ap-
propriate than a continually
changing drafted fighting force.f
What we should do is make the life
of a soldier a more "attractive
job." Increase the pay and insti-E
tute a respectfulness from the civil-
ian towards the soldier. With this
accomplished, there would be
enough "enlistees" to satisfy any
wants we may posses for an army.
I also do not agree with said Kraft
that this conscription would not hurt
the nation. I have two basic reas-
ons for believing it would. First,
compulsory military training is un-
democratic. In my philosophy of a
republican form of government there
is no place for regimentation of the
youth. I am not of the school of
thought that confesses that the
"people exists for the state and not
the state existing by the will of the
people." This conscription breeds
an element of militarism in a na-
tion, which is proven by the German
Nation of today and twenty-five
years ago. Maybe if a peace loving
province had organized Gerirmany
instead of the "Iron Sword" of the
Junker - Class of Prussia, history
might have been different. Of course
that is wishful thinking and is not
a solution to our problem, but it is
a lesson to all the world . . . if you
care to face reality. Secondly, I con-
sider the strong hand of the home,
the academic touch of the educators,
and the saintly guidance of the
church more apropos than the bark
of a sergeant in the development of
my son as a worthy citizen of the
United States. What we need in
this world is a slower and more nor-
mal existence. Our children have
plenty of time to be enlightened
with the hardship of life . .. if youj
are a capitalistic republican . . . so
let's take our time. Let them grow
gradually with nature. Let them not
make the mistakes that our youths
have made in these last few helter-
skelter war years. Mr. Kraft, to-
gether let us strive for a demilitarized
world with freedom loving people,
and not a world "conceived in the
proposition" that might makes right.
-Pat Ryan
On Second Thought
THE CAMPUS debate squad met
the other day for their organiza-
tional meeting with the idea of forc-
ing the opposing squads to swallow
de-bate, book, line and clincher.
Novelist Pearl Buck dropped in
to Ann Arbor Tuesday in spite of
what the Buckeyes did to us on
-By Ray Dixon

By Crockett Johnson


Phillips Scholarships: Freshman
students who presented four units of
Latin, with or without Greek, for
admission to the University, and who
are continuing the study of either
language, are invited to compete for
the Phillips Classical Scholarships.
Two scholarships, of fifty dollars
each, will be awarded on the basis of
a satisfactory written examination
covering the preparatory work in
Latin or in both Latin and Greek, as
described in the bulletin on scholar-
ships, a copy of which may be ob-
tained in Rm. 1, University Hall.
The examination will be held this
year in Rm. 2013 Angell Hall on
Thursday, Dec. 7, at 4 p.m. Inter-
ested students are requested to sub-
mit their names to Professor Copley,
2026 A.H., or to Dr. Rayment, 2030
Identification Cards are now ready
for distribution in Rm. 2. University
City of Detroit Civil Service An-
nouncement for Park Maintenance
Man, Salary $1.10 to $1.15 per hour,
has been received in our office. For
further details stop in at 201 Mason
Hall, Bureau of Appointments.
State of Michigan Civil Service
Announcements for Tabulating Clerk
A2' Salary $140 to $160 per month,
Tabulating Clerk Al, salary $160 to
$181.50 per month, Tabulating Ma-
chines Supervisor 1, Salary $180 to
$220 per month, have been received
in our office. For further details stop
in at 20 Mason Hall. Bureau of
United States Civil Service an-
nuncement for Elevator Operator,
salary $1,500 a year including over-
time, has been received in our office.
The closing date for'Motor Truck
Driver (Light Duty Trucks), and Mo-
tor Truck Driver (Heavy Duty
Trucks), salary $1,620 a year includ-
ing overtime, has been extended in-
definitely. The original closing date
was Nov. 30. For further information
stop in at 201 Mason Hall, Bureau of
World War H Veterans: Dr. Bruce
M. Raymond of the U. S. Veterans
Administration, Dearborn, Mich., will
be available for consultation in the
office of the Veterans Service Bur-
eau, 1514 Rackham Building, Wed-
nesday. Dec. 6.
University Lecture: Dr. Y.G. Chen,
President of the University of Nan-
king will lecture on the subject "To
Win the Peace, as Chinese Professor
Sees It," under the auspices of the
International Center and Committee
on Intercultural Relations, Wednes-
day, Dec. 6, at 8 p.m. in the Rackham
Amphitheatre. The public is invited.
i Concerts
Carroll Glenn, violinist, with San-
ford Schlussel at the piano, will give
the fifth program in the Choral Union
Concert Series, Tuesday evening, Dec.
5, at 8:30, in Hill Auditorium. The
program is as follows: Bach Sonata
No. 1; Brahms Sonata No. 3; Poeme,
Chausson, Sonatina, Chavez; Prel-
ude, Gershwin-Heifetz; Improvisa-
tion, Kabalewsky; and Ravel's Tzi-
A limited number of tickets are
available at the offices of the Uni-
versity Musical Society, in Burton
Memorial Tower.
Academic Notices
Doctoral Examination for Murray
Malcolm Lipton, Bacteriology; the-
sis: "The Assay of Pneumococcus
Polysaccharide by the Falling Drop
Technique and Its Further Applica-
tion for the Determination of Anti-
body Nitrogen," this morning at 9
o'clock, at 1564 East Medical Build-
ing. Chairman, M. H. Soule.

By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members of
the faculties and advanced doctoral

wheel, glazing and firing. The non-
credit course will be given in 12 two-
and-one-half hour weekly periods,
from 7 to 9:30. Fee is $10. Those
wishing to enroll should come to the
first meeting of the class.
C. A. Fisher
Architecture Building, main corri-
dor cases, through Dec. 9, "How an
Advertisement Is Designed." An ex-
hibit furnished by courtesy of Young
& Rubicam, Inc., New York.
Events Today
Society of Women Engineers:There
will be a meeting of all members at
the League at 1:15 p.m.
Wesley Foundation: At 7:30 p.m. a
group will leave the church .'to go
ice skating. Another group will leave
for bowling at 8 p.m. For other groups
there will be games and music at the
The Roger Williams Guild invites
all Baptist students and their friends
to come and enjoy their evening of
music. Beginning at 8:30 at the
Guild House, g52 E. Huron the fol-
lowing numbers will be presented:
Ballade in A Flat, Chopin-Miss
Marie Turner. Play Fiddle, Play,
Deutsch; Serenade Espanol, Claz-
inoue---Miss Mary Kanno. The Sun-
beam, Clokey; The Catbird, Clokey-
Miss Lorna Storgaard. Romance,
Schumann-Miss Barbara Storgaard.
Goddess of the Inland Sea, Peters-
Miss Ann van Leeuwen Bouree
Bach; Homage to Kouch, Forst;
Chanson dans la Nuit, Salzedo--Miss
Mary Masters.
Coming Events
The Lutheran Student Association
will have its regular Sunday evening
meeting at 5 in Zin Parish Hall.
Dr. C. P. Harry, Secretary of the
Board of Education of the United
Lutheran Church, will be the speaker.
The Area Conference begins Satur-
day afternoon at 2:30. At 3 the group
wll go to the University Library to
study the Biblical Papyri; supper at
5:30 in the Parish Hall; evening ses-
sion 7 to 10:45. Sunday morning
Bible hour in Lane Hall at 9; dinner
at 12:30 and afternoon session from
2-3:30. Students and servicemen wel-
come to all of these sessions.
Avukah, Student Zionist Organi-
zation, "Why Zionism?" is the sub-
ject of a discussion by Elmer Swack,
M.S. pol. sci. Sunday, Dec. 3 at the
Hillel Foundation at 8:15 p.m. An
{ organizational meeting for all those
interested will be held at 7:15 p.m.
Refreshments and a social hour will
The Women's Research Club will
meet Monday, Dec. 4, at 8 p.m., in
the Went Lecture Room of Rackham
Building. Dr. Aileen Traver Kitchin
will talk on "Applied Linguistic Sci-
Michigan Youth for Democratic
Action will meet on Monday, Dec. 4
at 8:30 p.m. in the Union, Rm. 308.
Topic for discussion will be on Post-
War Military Training. Everyone is
cordially invited,
Veterans' Organization: There will
be a regular meeting of the Veterans'
Organization at 7 on Wednesday,
Dec. 6, in Rm. 304 of the Michigan
Union. Nominees for offices please
bring their eligibility cards.
Junor Research Club: The Decem-
ber Meeting of the Junior Research
Club will be held on Tuesday, Dec. 5;
in the Amphitheatre of the Horace
H. Rackham School of Graduate
Studes, at 7:30 p.m. Electon of mem-
bers. Program: The Use of Sodium-
hexametaphosphate as an Aid in the
Treatment of Peridontal Disease.

Donald A. Kerr, School of Dentistry
and Dept. of Pathology. The Mexican
Volcano Paricutin: Color Motion Pic-
tures. Norman E. Hartweg, Museum
of Zoology.
First Presbyterian Church: 10:45
a.m., Morning worship. Sermon by.
Dr. Lemon to be the first in the Ad-
vent Series, "Reasons for Living." 5,
Westminster Student Guild talk by
Dr. Leroy Waterman, Chairman of
Oriental Languages who talks on
"What I Believe--About the Bible."
Supper will follow.
First Church of Christ, Scientist,
409 S. Division St. Wednesday eve-
ning service at 8 p.m. Sunday morn-
ing service at 10:30 a.m. Subject
"God the Only Cause and Creator."
Sunday school at 11:45 a.m. A con-
venient reading room is maintained
by this church at 106 E. Washington
St. where the Bible, also the Christ-
ian Science Textbook, "Science and
Health with Key to the Scriptures"
and other writings by Mary Baker
Eddy may be read, borrowed or pur-
chased. Open daily except Sundays
and Holidays from 11:30 a.m. to 5
p.m. Saturdays until 9 p.m.



, .

S'mt getting tired, Mr. O'alley. Isn't this

We need on enormous excavation. An ermine

- he
And how h o flies when the House of

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