THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDpNESDA:I, NOV. 22, 1944
-PAGE TWO WEDNESDAY, NOV. 22, 1944
Wilson Sticks to His Guns
Edited and managed by students of the University
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NIGHT EDITOR: RAY DIXON
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
"In our judgment, it is unwise to commit the
nation at this time to a year of universal mili-
This statement was recently issued by the
Educational Policies Commission of the Na-
tional Education Association and the American
Association of School Administrators, and the
Problems and Plans Committee of the American
Council on Education.
In addition the statement reads "No one
is in a position now, however, to forecast
fully the international responsibilities of the
nation after the war, and certainly not the
responsibilities that relate to the occupation of
"Until the post-war national situation is clari-
fied, it seems to us extremely unwise and even
dangerous to commit the nation to such a revo-
lutionary change in fundamental national policy
as would the establishment of compulsory mili-
It is true that we do not know what the post-
war situation will be. Nevertheless what the
writers of the above statement failed to realize
is that in the light of the post-war period fol-
lowing World War I it appears that the only
way to establish a permanent peace is by the
maintainence of a large standing army to police
The Japanese and Germans have hatred
for the Allies now, when, although it seems
improbable, there is still a possibility of their
winning the war. If they are defeated one
can be certain that the frictions and hatreds
which have produced this war will not be
removed by the defeat of the enemy, but in-
stead will become intensified.
In addition industries of all nations have been
destroyed or converted by the war. For a
number of years after the war, until the war
plants can be reconverted, and those that have
been damaged can be repaired, production will
be at a low level, and the standard of living
will be lowered. This will inevitably lead to
discontent and perhaps mass uprisings.
A strong international police force will be
needed to check any uprisings leading out of
discontent. Such an organization to enforce
peace, if it were established, could not succeed,
unless a large and peaceloving nation as the
United States were willing to cooperate. The
aid of the United States would be needed to
help supply men to the international organ-
The United States itself, whether or not an
international police force is established, will
not be able to protect itself and help preserve
the peace, if it does not have adequate military
power. It can never again depend on a hastily
organized army in a crisis. It must have an
army, well trained and prepared, so that it
will be able to act before, not after a crisis
A year of compulsory military training for
every man in this country between the ages of
18 and 24, would not only enable the United
States to help preserve the peace, but would
serve other functions besides.
Compulsory military service would improve the
health of the nation, an improvement which is
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON, NOV. 22-It hasn't leaked
into print, but General Electric President Char-
les E. Wilson, ex-vice chairman of the War Pro-
duction Board, has a lot of Big Business moguls
boiling mad at him.
"I thought being in the government was hell,"
the big Irish production wizard remarked a lit-
tle whimsically to a friend, "but this is worse."
However, Charlie Wilson is sticking to his
guns. He made a speech in Atlanta, recently,
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
St. Paul Looks Ahead
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA, NOV. 22-St. Paul
thinks it will be busy on war work long after
some Eastern cities are finished with their war
contracts. This town expects the war in the
Pacific to continue after the war in Europe is
over. It believes the armed services will want
to have their ammunition made, and their planes
outfitted, as close to the Pacific battle ground
as possible. There can be a saving of above a.
thousand miles of rail transport by having such
work 'concentrated here, as against the eastern
seaboard. I had heard, in other western cities
of the same expectation that the tide of war
contracts is going to roll across the country from
east to west like the sun.
Most midwestern and western.manufactur-
ers greet this prospect with mixed feelings.
They are torn between their desire to keep the
war business and their desire to get back to
normal civilian production before some east-
ern competitor, happily released from war
work, cuts in ahead.
There is some talk in Washington of reducing
war contracts evenly, all over the country on a
pro rata basis, so as to "keep it fair," and give
each manufacturer an even break on post-war
civilian business; something like lining them for
a new Oklahoma rush. But military necessity
will probably be a determining factor, and many
westerly cities have a feeling that the day of
post-war adjustment is a little further off for
them than for the cities of the east.
On the question of post-war planning, St.
Paul' will give you the usual, slightly hollow
answer, public works. This is now the standard
reply all over the country and it means a- bridge
or a road or a jail or a lighting system or a
courthouse or any three out of five. Only in a
few places, like Missouri, which is catching fire
with the idea of a power-and-wealth-producing
Missouri Valley Authority, is there any creative
planning for prosperity; most of it is negative
planning to tide over unemployment.
But St. Paul is enjoying one delicious quiver
of anticipation. This is based on the hope that
this city will become a chief American airport
in the China-India trade. The thought is that
St. Paul is one of the logical points within the
United States from which to take off, via air,
on a northern great-circle route to Asia, via
the Arctic. I used to hear that the way to
go to China was to dig straight down; the idea
of going to St. Paul in order to get to China
seems only a little less bizarre, but it is prob-
ably much sounder. Chicago, only a little
.More than 400 miles from here, is also think-
ing of a great-circle air route, but to Europe;
it is curious how of these two American cities,
so relatively close, one thinks of itself as fac-
ing east, the other west. A new invisible
national divide lies between them.
There was one famous citizen of St. Paul, who
used to think much about the China trade,
James J. Hill, the "Empire builder." James J.
Hill and his railroad built up much of the north-
west. I stopped in on his grandson. Mr. Louis
Mr. Hill is youngish, enthusiastic, and a lib-
eral, though he doesn't care much for the word.,
He thnks most liberals are too vague and im-
precise. He is much concerned with govern-
ment, and represents a labor constituency in
Minnesota's non-partisan state legislature. I
asked him whether business could be expected
to pull out of the post-war thing by itself, or
whether the country would need government
"I think," said the grandson of the empire
builder, "that we are getting into a mature kind
of economy, and it will take sophistication and
wisdom to pull out. It can't be done by natural
But St. Paul does have high hopes, based on
that new air route to China. The cities of the
northwest stare into the spaces of ,the north-
ern night, from which the cold winds come,
and they sense them suddenly to be doors to
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
A FLOOR OF $18 has been established as the
price of Hitler's picture in Breslau. The
Nazi military authorities, however, still are
searching for some way to keep it from looking
like 30 cents. -St. Louis Post Dispatch
proposing low prices after the war and high
wages. The reception from Big Business was ,
the chilliest he has ever received. The auto-
mobile people were especially irate. Word
from inside the industry is that they planned'
to ask OPA for a 30 per cent price rise over
1942, perhaps settle for 20 per cent. So they
have been calling Charlie Wilson all sorts of1
names, beginning with "traitor" and going
Wilson spoke in Atlanta before a group of
General Electric distributors, plus other busi-
nessmen. His two chief points were:
1 Industry must have the full co-operation
of Labor after the war. Wages must be higher.
"The take-home pay on a 40-hour week basis1
after the war must eventually represent the
higher level of earnings that now prevail." (In
other words, Industry workin 40 hours shouldf
get what it now makes in 48 hours.) But Labor,
in return must give Industry more output. It
must do some thinking to help Industry, in-
stead of promoting the slowdown. That's the
only way we can make the system work.
2 Pricps must be low, within the range of
Labor to buy.
"This world's got to be built around the boys+
who have been fighting this war." Wilson said+
in conclusion. "We've got to give them jobs.
This is the day of the common man."
Give 'Em Money To Spend. ..
Afterward, a friend jokingly remarked, "What
have you been doing-talking to Henry Wal-
Wilson's reply to this and the criticism of
his business friends is: "How am I going to
sell my refrigerators if we don't give 'em
wages to buy with?"
General Electric sold $500,000,000 worth of
goods in 1940, expects to sell $800,000,000 by
paying high wages and keeping prices down
after the war.
NOTE-After his Allanta speech, Wilson got
a frantic wire from Under Secretary of War
Patterson and Secretary of the Navy Forrestal
urging that he make no more. Patterson was
afraid Wilson would get people's minds distract-
ed from war work, cause people to leave for
private industry. Forrestal didn't feel as strong-
ly as Patterson, but was persuaded by Pat-
terson to sign anyway.
Byrnes Forestalls Baruch . .
It was largely the persistent, persuasive
charm of Barney Baruch that caused ex-
Justice Jimmiy Byrnes to change his mind and
remain as War Mobilizer. The President very
much wanted Byrnes to stay and several
times told him so. But Baruch, who has been
able to wield a powerful, hidden hand in the
government through his fellow South Caro-
linian, pulled skillful, energetic wires to that
One wire was Harry Hopkins. A few weeks
ago Baruch had told a friend that he considered
Hopkins one of the most sinister influences in
government. But that didn't prevent the charm-
ing Wall-Streeter from calling on Harry andI
having him use his influence to keep Byrnes on
as War Mobilizer.
Baruch also talked to Byrnes himself at great
length. Finally he climaxed it all with a call
As Baruch was leaving the President's office,
a call came through to Byrnes' office, at the ex-
treme opposite end of the White House, saying
that Bernie was on his way. Whereupon Byrnes
picked up the phone, calling the President and
told him he had decided to remain on the job
until the war with Germany was over.
"Why did you do that?" asked a friend,
puzzled over the fact that Byrnes had called
while Baruch was enroute to his office.
"I just didn't want Baruch to be able to say
that he persuaded me to stay," said the War
Mobilizer, with a broad grin.
NOTE-Baruch's master-stroke accomplish-
ments through Byrnes have been the Han-
cock report on reconversion, which took care
of Big Business but not Little; the appoint-
ment of General Hines for veterans' re-em-
ployment; appointment of Will Clayton for
surplus war property; ousting of Donald Nel-,
Merry-Go-Round . .
This is the first time since the Civil War thatI
Pennsylvania has two Democratic Senators.
The new Senator, Representative Francis J.
Myers of Philadelphia, is another case of- a
strong internationalist. replacing a semi-iso-
lationist-"Puddler Jim Davis, Republican Sec-.
retary of Labor under Harding, Coolidge and
Hoover. Myers' record on preparedness and
international cooperation while in the House
of Representatives has been 100 percent . . .
Biggest crowds in the halls of the Pentagon
Building these days are officers hanging around
vending machines, waiting for them to be filled
with cigarettes . .. Newly elected Senator "Cow-
boy" Glen Taylor of Idaho is first cousin to
sphinxlike Harold Dixon Young, who steers
Vice President Wallace's political fortunes . , .
One of the best jobs of keeping the nation
informed about its servicemen is quietly being
done by Col. Al Warner and Col. Ed Kirby at
the War Department, both doing a bang-up
job with the popular "Army Hour."
(Copyright, 1944, by United Feature Syndi2ate, Inc.)
54aiii he 6dit-
(Editor's Note: All letters submitted to
the editor for publication must be sign-
ed by the writer. Servicemen must have
letters approved by their commanding
IT IS heartening to note that there
are members in this student body
who are keenly alive to the promlem
of India. Miss Bettyann Larsen,
whose editorial on India appeared
Saturday, deserves all the praise one
can give for her interest in the prob-
lem and her courage in making her
The real problem of India, how-
ever, is not her famine, but her strug-
gle for political emancipation. It is
a problem which concerns every Am-
erican and non-American who be-
lieves in the "inherent and inalien-
able rights of man"; and until India
is freed from foreign rule, her slav-
ery is the slavery of civilized men ev-
erywhere. And for those who appre-
ciate the right to be self-respecting
and self-determining, who can ima-
gine and understand the shame and
anguish of living under foreign mast-
ers, the denial to India of her free-
dom and independence must remain
a personal wrong and disgrace.
We have heard enough talks of
late about "postponing" Indian in-
dependence on the ground of her
internal dissension or diversity of
races and religions; but I fear that
behind these talks.there is a fun-
damental lack of sincerity and ab-
sence of moral conviction. For, if
one were convinced that it is ab-
solutely wrong, morally wrong, for
a certain people to rule another,
one would not waste one's breath in
arguments but would seek or create
possible ways to remove what one
sees to be an evil, even as Abra-
ham Lincoln had fought to remove
slavery in this country.
-Celia aHwaguen Chao
IF THE B-29's can cover such tre-
mendous distances as from Indi
bases to Singapore, the day may no
be far off when systematic attac
with heavy bombs can be unlease
on Japanese home industry. In-
deed, if Jap reports of Americar
scout flights over Honshu are to b
credited, this may be already pre-
paring, waiting only , on sufficieni
progress in the Philippines to estab-
lish adequate bases there. The Cen-
tral and Northern Philippines ar
no farther from Tokyo than Singa-
pore is from India.
Our strategists have somewha
"spoiled" us by leadit us to expec
new invasions after these long-dis-
tance exploits. If that does not hap-
pen in the present instance
we may still be happy that it bring
nearer the day when Japanese maril
time power shall cease to be, fo
when that day comes, the home
islands will be vulnerable to every-
thing we can throw at them-which
as the recent record says, is plenty.
-St. Louis Post Dispatch
MOST OF US do not like to b
kidded, but Monday we took a
ribbin' (with war stamps attached:
Ann Arbor experienced its first
snow of the season Monday, but
we won't believe that winter is
really here until those ugly wooden
steps are erected in front of Angell
Or at least until someone paints a
.half moon on the wooden box pro.
tecting the fountain in front of the
The Japs are pouring more troops
into the Limon sector on Leyte in
an attempt to keep their campaign
from becoming a Lemon.
A telephone strike in Ohio is grow-
ing day by day. Indications are that
the strike is not a phoney.
The lights go on again in Lon-
don. People all over the world are
hoping that the black is out for'
B-29's bomb Kyushu for the seconc
time this month. Suppose we really
should say gesundheit.
The air conferees in Chicago are
about to announce results of their
meeting. But the most important
question of free air transit is to be
left up in the air. -Ray Dixon
Back to Normal
Our trade with foreign countries
shows some evidence of becoming a
two-way street again, a consumma-
tion devoutly to be wished if the
years ahead are to bring real plenty
for America and the world. This
means more than lend-lease in re-
verse, whch is essentially an anom-
aly of war supply; foreign countries
need to ship us goods for civilian use,
the proceeds of which can be used
for goods or services for them, if
there is to be a real stimulation to
that multilateral interchange which
Imports recently receved from
Italy may be a harbinger of this im-
plementation of an economy of plen-
ty. The Foreign Economic Admini-
stration reported the other day that
these shipments, worth about $1,200,-
000. included wine, perfume, oils,
briarwood, red squill (powerful rat
poison) and argol. FEA says these
will be followed by "increasingly
That even Italy, whose economy
was gutted by the retreating Nazis
to the point that each month we ship
her tens of thousands of tons of food
and clothing for her distressed civil-
ian population, can resume export,
ing speaks well for the recovery ca-
pacity of a prostrate people.
The Combined Chiefs of Staff and
the Theater Commander have not
yet deemed it opportune to permit
private trade with Italy. so the Al-
lied Commission bought the goods on
the spot and shipped them to the U.
S. Commercial Co., a former RFC
subsidiary now under FEA, as its
agent. Private trade channels will be
employed "to the fullest extent that
is posible and practicable" in distrib-
uting the merchandise.
This should prove a useful step.
The words Secretary of the Treasury
Pohn Sherman used some six de-
eades ago, in quite another connec-
tion, apply to international trade :
"The way to resume is-to resume.'
-St. Louis Post Dispatch
versity of Pennsylvania, will give a
lecture on "A Definition of Sense on
Closed Curves with Applications" to-
day in Rm. 3011 Angell Hall at
Edgar Ansel Mowrer, noted foreign
correspondent, will speak this eve-
ning at 8:30 in Hill Auditorium on
the subject "The War and the Road
to Peace." Mr. Mowrer will replace
Carl Hambro as the second number
on the current Lecture Course and
Hambro tickets will admit patrons.
Single admissions are on sale today
at the auditorium box office.
WEDNESDAY, NOV. 22, 1944
VOL. LV, No. 19
All notices for The Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
Assistant to the President, 1021 Angell
Hall, in typewritten form by 3:30 p. m.
of the day preceding its publication,
except on Saturday when the notices
should be submitted by 11:30 a. m.
Thanksgiving Day: Thursday, Nov.
23, is a University holiday. All Uni-
versity activities will be resumed on
Friday, Nov. 24. Nov. 30 will not be
The General Iibrary and all of its
bianches will be closed on2Thanks-
giving Day, Thursday, Nov. 23, which
is a University holiday.
The Women's Glee Club will not
hold a rehearsal this evening.
Notice: Students who took regis-
tration blanks for registering with
the University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information
are reminded that these blanks
should be returned one week from
the date they were taken out. A late
registration fee of one dollar is
charged for blanks returned later
than Friday of this week.
The United States Civil Service
Announcements for Technologist,
Salary $2,433 to $6,228, and Geolo-
gist $2,433 a year, have been received
in our office. For further details stop
in at 201 Mason Hall, Bureau of
State of Michigan Civil Service
Announcements for Graduate Nurse
A, Salary Range from $1P0 to $170
per month, Stores Clerk C. Salary
$110 to $125 per month, Farmhand
C, Salary $110 to $125 per month,
and Janitor C, Salary from $120 to
$135 per month, have been received
in our office. For further details
stop in at 201 Mason Hall, Bureau
International Center: There will
not be a tea this coming Thursday
because of Thanksgiving Day.
Speeded Reading Course: A special
short course in speeded reading will
be given for students wishing to
improve their reading ability. The
course will meet Monday and Wed-
nesday at 5 for eight weeks, starting
Monday, Nov. 27. There is no charge
for this non-credit course. Rm. 4009
University High School Building,
School of Education. For further
information call Mr. Morse, Ex. 682.
Notice to Returned Veterans: Vet-
erans who feel the need of review
and refresher work in Mathematics
are asked to meet today at 4 o'clock
in Rm. 3010 Angell Hall.
The Regular Thursday Evening
School of Education Students: No
course may be elected for credit
after Saturday, Nov. 25. Students
nust report all changes of elections
at the Registrar's Office, Rm. 4,
University Hall. Membership in a
class does not cease nor begin until
all changes have been thus officially
registered. Arrangements made with
the instructor are not official chan-
Social Ethics Seminar: Owing to
the holiday, there will be no meeting
at Lane Hall this week. However, it
wvill resume the following week as
usual, and on Nov. 30, Mr. John
Muehl will lead the seminar in a
summation of its discussion of Ber-
trand Russell's "What I Believe" and
will present an introduction to Rein-
hold Niebuhr's Neo-orthodoxy.
Geology 65 and 12 Make-Up Finals
Will Be Given Tuesday, Nov. 28, at
2 p.m. in 2051 Natural Science Bldg.
Please notify Secretary by Saturday
noon if you expect to take it then.
L.S.&A. Juniors now eligible for
Concentration should call at Rm. 4,
University Hall for Concentration
blanks, immediately.\ These slips
must be properly signed by the Ad-
viser and the original copy returned
to Rm. 4, University Hall, at once."
To All Male Students in the College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:
By action bf the Board of Regents,
all male students in residence in this
College must elect Physical Educa-
tion for Men. This action has been
effective since June, 1943, and will
continue for the duration of the war.
Students may be excused from
taking the course by (1) The Uni-
versity Health Service, (2) The Dean
of the College or by his representa-
tive, (3) The Director of Physical
Education and Athletics.
Petitions for exemption by stu-
dents in this College should be ad-
dressed by freshmen to Professor
Arthur Van Duren, Chairman of the
Academic Counselors (108 Mason
Hall) ; by all other students to Assis-
tant Dean E. A. Walter (1220 Angell
Except under very extraordinary
circumstances no petitions will be
considered after the end of the third
week of the Fall Term.
Make-up Examinations in 0co-
nomics 51, 52, 53 and 54 will be given
Tuesday, Nov. 28, at 3:00 p.m. in
Rm. 207 Economics. Any student ex-
pecting to take these examinations
should receive permission in advance..
from his instructor.
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
be held at 4:15 p.m. today in Rm. 319
West Medical Building. "The Bio-
chemistry and Pharmacology' of
Gold" will be discussed. All inter-
ested are invited.
Botanical Journal Club: Rm. 1139,
N.S. at 4. Reports by Margery An-
thony, "Studies on Polystictus cir-
cinatus and its relation to butt-rot of
spruce;" Helen Simpson and Roger
Gosselin, "Studies on lily virus dis-
eases;" Betty Raymond, "Segrega-
tion in Ascomycetes." Chairman:
L. E. Wehmeyer.
The Association Music Hour, led
by Robert Taylor, will present "Das
Lied von der Erde" by Gustav Mahler
this evening at 7:30 in the Lane Hall
Library. 'Das Lied" was presented
by the University Musical Society in
its annual May Festival last year.
The texts of the six songs will be
furnished tp those who would like to
use them during the seminar. All
students, servicemen, and faculty
members are cordially invited.
University Lutheran Chapel, 1511
Washtenaw, will have a Thanksgiv-
ing Day Service Thursday at 11, with
sermon by the Rev. Alfred Scheips,
"Ovr God, We Thank Thee."
The Student Religious Association
will hold its weekly Coffee Hour in
the Lane Hall Library on Friday
afternoon from 4 to 5:30. Students,
servicemen, and faculty members are
Michigan on the March, a record of
. I I-; -,
By Crockett Johnson
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