THE MIHGAN DAILY
1 x ug t c t i
German Underground Weak'
vai ,I , 1 111' so
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLET IN
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NIGHT EDITOR: P. F. SISLIN
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Stern Peace Terms
"ET'S GIVE Germany the benefit of the
doubt The people were misled. After all,
how else can you account for the reports of
Germans in the occupied areas cursing and
defaming Hitler and his whole Nazi gang.
Doesn't that prove that they have opposed the
"militaristic clique" all, along and therefore
aren't to be held responsible for the death and
destruction they have caused? You must dis-
tinguish between the German and the Nazi,
you know, for there's so much difference."
There is? We thought it was a matter of
name. We thought that the Germans are
"crying in their beer"-what little they can
get these days-because Hitler has failed them,
while they have sacrificed all for him. He al-
lowed their land to be invaded after he prom-
ised it would never happen. He allowed their
youth to be wiped out. He allowed their homes
to be wrecked. Who wouldn't mumble against
der Fuehrer-or anyone else who had permit-
ted such destruction?
But it has been Germans who have given the
world five of its most bloody and tragic years.
Combined ingenuity, courage, intelligence, and
military effeciency of the whole nation stood
behind that same Hitler and his cohorts. Listen
to what Thomas Mann, the most eminent Ger-
man writer of our time, says. "Hitler and
himmler would do nothing at all if the
strength and blind loyalty of German man-
hood were not fighting and dying with mis-
guided valor for these criminals to this very
"But the Germans have changed. They see
their mistakes now. They want no more war.
They're sick and tired of it."
So are we sick and tired of it. We didn't
want war either. Neither did Poland or Czecho-
slovakia or the Netherlands. But they got it,
and we got it. Besides, we're from Missouri.
Show us they've changed permanently. Just
because they complain about Hitler and the war
and the mess they're in doesn't mean they're
giving up because they think we're right. Even
when they do give up it won't be because of that.
That's why me must have a stern peace.
William L. Shirer, whose many years in Ger-
many as an American correspondent have made
him an authority on not only the politics and
propaganda, but also the people, has this to say,
and he says what we want to say, too.
"Unless we, who are so far away from Eu-
rope, realize this and understand clearly the
responsibility of the German people for this
terrible war and its awful agony, we are
likely to contribute more than is necessary to
botching the stern peace which for a time
will no doubt make life somewhat difficult for
Germans but which, if we help to see that it
is really enforced, will save us all, including
Germans, from another murderous war in our
-Betty Ann Larsen
ACCORDING to the provisions of the Ives-
Quinn Bill passed by the legislature and
signed by Governor Thomas E. Dewey Monday,
discrimination in employment on religious 01
racial grounds is now a punishable offense in
the state of New York.
The New York State legislature is to be
commended for taking the initiative and
passing the first such law in this country.
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON--One thing long handicapping
the Allies in Germany has been the lack of
underground opposition to Hitler. Ever since
1933, various anti-Nazi groups have been trying
to spawn an effective underground in Germany
but with little success.
When Hitler first came to power there were
about seven million German Communists, but
many of these were snuffed out in the initial
Other non-Communist anti-Nazis, composing
the most liberal elements in Germany, also fled
as the Hlitler-Himmler terror was extended to
every part of the Reich.
However, the undeground blossomed and
expanded in 1934 and 1935 until Himmler
found out aboutit and sent his own agents
into the organization, capturing the member-
ship Mists and ruthlessly shooting down its
In 1936, another attempt was made to form
a new underground. This time units of only
five members were set up with each man know-
ing only one man outside his own cell. How-
ever, the Nazis even broke into these groups
and smashed the new organization.
In 1938, several underground operators finally
managed to penetrate Hitler's Schutzstaffel, the
private black shirt army which guarded the
Fuehrer. One even came to New York on a
vacation, met with American Communists sec-
retly, told them how he was a member of Hit-
ler's personal bodyguard. However, Stalin never
gave the signal to hump Hitler off and even-
tually even these new underground members were
Foreign Work Slaves . . .
Today, there are very few Germans inside the
Reich the Allies can count on. Stalin in his
talks with American Professor Oscar Lange
in Moscow last summer moodily told how the
anti-Nazis have been destroyed, complained that
it would take at least a generation to rebuild the
German working class movement. As a result the
chief hope for a major uprising in Germany
today is the six million foreign slave workers
Hitler kidnapped from the occupied countries.
"These workers have been used to build fortifica-
tions on the Eastern vend Western front and to
work in German factories.
After the big Allied bombing of Berlin sev-
eral thousand of these foreign workers escaped
during the confusion, destroyed several war
plants and hid in the wreckage of the bombed-
out buildings. Other foreign workers escap-
ing during Allied air raids have joined with
deserters from the German army and are now
carrying on the first giierilla warfare inside
British. Fomenrte 1VreSt . . .
Word has leaked from Italy that the British
are adopting strange tactics in fomenting the
Separationist movement in Sicily.
Two hundred thousand American flag posters
have appeared in the cafes of Sicily advocating
the independence of that strategic island from
Italy. But the funny part of it is that the
printing of these American flags has been
traced to Algiers and the people who pai for
them are the British.
Accompanying these U. S. flags are placards
reading: "Sicily, the 49th state."
In other words, it looks as if the British,
knowing the number of Italo-Americans who
come from Sicily, are cleverly taking advantage
of American sentiment to propose Sicily as the
49th state of the United States.
The importance of Sicily to the British is
that it lies astride the sea-lane through the
Mediterranean to Suez. The British already
have secretly been giving the Italian island
of Pantelleria and Lampedusa by the Italian
armistice, and it has been known for some
time that they were secretly financing the
separationist movement in Sicily .
Bloom Sold Violets -.-
Congressinan Sol Bloom, author of many song
hits, first man to bring salome dancing from
Egypt, and now the chairman of the House
O N SEC0ND
By Ray Dixon
THE DENTISTS are holding their big Odonto
Ball tonight in the Union. Which reminds
us of the fellow who smashed his car and took
it to a dent student to be fixed.
Eleven ton bombs are dropped on the Ger-
mans. According to news dispatches, if one of
them landed on the General Library it would
wipe out the whole campus and make a mess
of student hangouts around Main Street.
Phonetic description of Yanks walking
through Germany; Ihup, two, three, four, left,
reich, left, reich.
If the University receives its requested $1,363,-
451 increase in appropriations it has requested
and which Gov. Kelley has approved, maybe the
B and G Department will get enough manpower
to remove the rather ugly wooden steps in front
of Angell Hall.
Foreign Relations committee, celebrated his 75th
birthday recently with a party in the house
restaurant and even bigger parties at the Wash-
ington Children's Hospital and the St. Ann's
Orphan Asylum, to which Sol had sent large
At the capitol party, Violet Gibson, Associated
Press copy girl, asked Bloom what his favorite
"Violets," replied Sol.
"That's my name," said Miss Gibson.
Bloom then explained that Violets were his
favorite flower because half a century ago he
sold violets in front of the fountain at the corner
of Market and Kearney streets in San Fran-
"And when I go back to San Francisco as a
delegate to the United Nations Conference," the
congressman declared, "I'm going to take a
few minutes off to sneak down to that fountain
and sell a few violets'
Capital Chaff ...
Lili Damita, former wife of Hollywood lion
Errol Flynn, has been in .Palm Beach studying
to be a nurses aide.
"Now Mrs. Flynn," says the Palm Beach chief
for Nurses Aides, "you were late yesterday, and
you were late the day before and you were late
today. When will you be on time?" Mrs.
Flynn rolls her big eyes and seems astonished
to learn that she was ever late at all.
(Copyright, 1945. Bell Syndicate)
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAPTON
NEW YORK-Congress is willing to spend any
amount requested for lend-lease for war.
The outlay to date under this heading runs
well above thirty-five billions. But the House
of Representatives has just gleefully clapped a
restriction on lend-lease, preventing the use of
appropriated funds for such peace-time purposes
as "postwar relief, rehabilitation or reconstruc-
tion." Billions for war, not a penny for peace,
in other words; that is the emotional content
of the restrictive amendment.
The amendment was sponsored by five Re-
publican members of the House Foreign Affairs
Committee. It expresses the G. 0. P.'s great
desire to have us return to normalcy as soon
as the last gun cools off. The Republican party
draws an extremely sharp line between war and
peace. It views the moment between them as
something like the stroke of twelve on New
Year's Eve. War is black and peace is white;
and everthing changes when you hear the
gong signalling the end of one, the begin-
ning of the other.
With this .black-and-white contrast betweer
war and peace in mind, the Republican party
seems to want an assortment of sharp econom.
changes to take effect as soon as the great
poment shows up on the big clock. It is will-
ing to have us ladle out supplies to our friends
with a free hand so long as the firing of guns
can still be heard; but we are to close up our
suitcases as soon as the guns are still, Price
control is to end simultaneously. With the ar-
rival of the same magnificent minute, manu-
facturers are to be set free to make what they
These are all reasonable aspirations, if the
difference between war and peace is as sharp
as the Republican philosophers believe it to. be.
But there is some evidence that they may be
playing a quite unreal game of categories.
The ending of the war will make no instant
difference in the life of tie European worker,
sitting on the doorstep of his ruined home,
near his ruined factory. Ile will be quite the
same the minute after as the minute be-
fore. His pockets will not suddenly bulge
with money with which to buy our goods.
His American counterpart may celebrate very
quietly, too; perhaps only by losing his job and
seeing butter go to a dollar a pound. He is not
Cinderella; no coach-and-four will call for him
because the hands point upwrd on the dial.
For millions of our men and boys, the end
of the war will make the very practical differ-
ence that they will no longer be shot at; but
they will not go home. There will be pacifica-
tion and occupation to take care of; and it
has just been explained to us by Admiral Stand-
ley in the Army and Navy Journal that even
if we were to discharge 1,000 men an hour, it
wouldttake ten months to separate 2,500,000 men
from the services.
In all these ways, for many, many millions,
there will be a kind of blurring and overlap
of the war and peace periods, rather than a
presto, chango. The two periods will run into
each other, and he who tries to draw a line
between them will find himself writing in
W ar and peace are only incidents in our
search for some sort of stable life on this
planet; and all of this exaggerated closing up
of shop the moment the war period ends,
is a denial of continuity, and a denial of
purpose. One could hardly express more
plainly the feeling that the war was fought
for nothing, than by absolute unwillingness
to spend a penny after the victory to make
the victory secure. The last gun ends only
the chapter, not the book.
(Copyright. 1945. New York Post Syndicate)
FRIDAY, MARCH 16, 1945
VOL. LV, No. 96
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all iem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 AngellnHall, by 3:30 p. m. of the day
.re'eding pblication (1:31 a. M. Sat-'
Faculty Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to members
of the faculty and other townspeople
on Sunday, March 18, from 4 to 6
o'clock. Cars may park in the re-
stricted zone on South University
between 4 and 6:30 p.m.
School of Ediucation Faculty: The
March meeting of the faculty will be
held on Monday, March 19, in the
University Elementary School Li-
brary. The meeting will convene at
Notice to All Faculty Members and
University Employees: Employees on
"full-time" and on annual or month-
ly salary who ordinarily receive a
vacation at the expense of the Uni-
versity and pay on holidays and for
a reasonable period of sick leave if
necessary, are not entitled to pay-
ment for "overtime," whether in their
own or another department of the
University unless such arrangement
shall have been authorized in ad-
vance by the resident or the Board of
May Festival Circulars and Tick-
ets: Announcements containing de-
tailed programs, biographical sketch-
es of performers, etc., concerning the
Festival, are now available at the
offices of the University Musical So-
ciety in Burton Memorial Tower.
Season tickets are now on sale over
the counter. Beginning Monday,
March 26, the sale of tickets for in-
dividual concerts will begin. Season
tickets are available at $8.40, and
$7.20; and tickets for individual con-
certs will be $1.20, $1.80 and $2.40,
and possibly a limited number at
$3.00; all including tax.
All Sorority Women living outside
their respective houses will have
11:30 permission on Tuesday, March
20 and Thursday, March 22.
State of New York Civil Service
Announcements for District Ranger,
salary $2,600 to $3,225, Farm Mana-
ger, $2,100 to $2,600, Gas Inspector,
$1,800 to $2,300, Institution Photo-
grapher, $1,650 to $2,150, Junior Ar-
chitect $2,400 to 3,000, Junior Attor-
ney or Principal Law Clerk, $2,400 to
$3,000, Office Machine Operator
(Key Punch-IBM), $1,200 to $1,700,
and Statistics Clerk, $1,200 to $1,700,
have been received in our office. For
further information stop in at 201
Mason Hall. Bureau of Appoint-
City of Detroit Civil Service An-
nouncement for Second Operating
Engineer (Steam Engine), salary $2,-
829 to $3,174, has been received in
our office. For further information
stop in at 201 ason Hall, Bureau of
Anyone interested in a teaching
position in Toledo, O., may receive
further information regarding va-
cancies and examinations by calling
at the Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information, 201 Ma-
Anyone interested in a teaching
position in Newark, N.J., may receive
further information regarding va-
cancies by calling at the Bureau of
Appointments and Occupational In-
formation, 201 Mason Hall. Exami-
nations in the fields of English, Gen-
eral Science, Home Economics, and
Vocal Music, will be held at the Cen-
tral High School, Thursday, April 5.
Seniors in Aeronautical, Civil, Elec-
trical, and Mechanical Engineering:
Mr. Perry Gage of the Lockheed Air-
craft Corporation will interview sen-
iors who will graduate in June and
October. 1945, on Monday, March 19,
in Rm. B-47 East Engineering Build-
I ing. Interested students will please
sign the interview schedule posted on
the Aeronautical Engineering Bulle-
tin Board. Application blanks, which
must be filled out prior to the inter-
view, may be obtained in the Aero-
I nautical Engineering office.
All Latin-American Students are
requested to attend a meeting on
Saturday, March 17, at 3 p.m. at the
International Center to make ar-
rangements for a Pan-American Day
To all male students in the College
!of Literature, Science, and the Arts:
By Crockett Johnson
By action of the Board of Regents,
all male students of this College, ex-
cept veterans of World War II, must
elect Physical Educationafor Men.
This action - has been effective since
-Tune, 1943, and will continue for the
duration of the war.
Students may be excused from tak-
ing the course by (1) The University
Health Service, (2) The Dean of the
College or by his representative, (3)
The Director of Physical Education
Petitions .for exemption by stu-
dents in this College should be ad-
dressed by freshmen to Professor Ar-
thur Van Duren, Chairman of the
Academic Counselors (108 Mason
Hall); by all other students to Asso-
ciate Dean E. A. Walter (1220 Angell
Except under very extrordinary
circumstances no petitions will be
considered after the end of the third
week of the Spring Term.
The Administrative Board of
the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts.
Mathematics 348: Seminar in Ap-
plied Mathematics and Special Func-
tions meets Mondays at 2 p.m. in
Rm. 318 West Engineering. Monday
March 19, Professor Copeland will
talk on "The Nature of Turbulence."
Make-up examination in History:
Students who plan to take the exam-
ination which is to be given March
23 from 4 to 6 in Rm. C, Haven Hall
should consult their instructors i
advance and bring written permis-
sion with them at the time of the
Bronson-Thomas Annual German
Language Award offered juniors and
seniors in German. The contest wil
be held from 2 to 5 p. m. Friday,
March 23, in Rm. 204 University
Hall. The award, in the amount of
$28, will be presented to the student
writing the best essay dealing witl'
some phase in the development o
German literature from 1750-1900
Students who wish to compete anO
who have not yet handed in thei
applications should do so immediate-
ly in Rm. 204 University Hall.,
Kothe-Hildner Annual Germar
Language Award offered students in
Courses 31, 32, 35, and 36. The con-
test, a translation test (German-
English and English-German), car-
ries two stipends of $30 and $20, an;
will be held from 2 to 4' p.m. Thurs-
day, March 22, in Rm. 301 Universit3
Hall. Students who wish to compe
and who have not yet handed in
their applications should do so im-
mediately in 204 University Hall.
Faculty Recital: Mabel Ross Rhead
Professor of Piano in the School o
Music, will be heard in the second o
a series of Sunday evening pian'
recitals at 8:30 Sunday, March 18, it
Lydia Mendelssohn Theater. He:
program will include compositions b
Bach, Corelli, Rameau, Mozart anc
Schumann, and will be open to th
general public without charge.
Choral Union Concert: The Chi-
cago Symphony Orchestra, Desire
Defauw, Conductor, will give the
tenth concert in the Choral Union
Series, Monday night, March 19, at
8:30 o'clock, in Hill Auditorium. Mr
Defauw has arranged a program con-
sisting of works by Gretry, Respighi.
Glazounoff, Chausson and Berlioz.
A limited number of tickets are
available at the offices of the Uni-
versity Musical Society in Burton
Memorial Tower. After 7 o'clock on
the night of the concert they will be
on sale at the box office in Hill
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
be held at 4:30 p.m., in Rm. 319 West
Medical Building. "Ascorbic Acid"
will be discussed. All interested are
invited. _ _
Wesley Foundation: St. Patrick's
Party tonight beginning at 8 o'clock
in the Wesley Lounge at the First
Methodist Church for all Methodist
students and their friends.
Angell Hall Observatory will be
open to visitors this evening, from
8:30 to 10:30 p.m., if the sky is clear,
to observe the planets, Saturn and
Jupiter. Children must be accom-
panied by adults.
Several Polish movies will be shown
in Rackham Amphitheater on Satur-
day at 7:30 under the auspices of
the Post-War Council. Admission is
free. The public is cordially invited
The Lutheran Student Association
is having a Scavenger Hunt this Sat-
urday evening. We will meet at Zion
Lutheran Parish Hall, 309 E. Wash-
r a THE EDITOR:
The subject of race and its im-
plications occupy a place in the fore-
ground of domestic problems. Ameri-
ca seems to have arrived at a point
when she realizes that the "Al-
phonse-Gaston" technique in race
'relations must be replaced. And
therein lies the problem.
Three principles (emand enun-
ciation for all considerations of
the race problem in America, if
genuine progress toward a solution
is to be made. These principles
are: 1) the facts of race and race
relations must be examined with a
ruthlessness which does not bow
to the squeamish protest of the
well-meaning; 2) any considera-
tion of race relations must contem-
plate nothing less than a complete
departure from existing expedien-
cies; 3) the missionary spirit which
has pervaded historical approaches
to the problem must give place to
a realistic individual and ethnic
inventory of motives and attitudes.
The first of thee turee integers in
'he solution of the problem is per-
maps most difficult to realize. To
ace the facts of race and race rela-
tions is to come squarely to grips
with segregation and discrimination,
vith tensions and explosions, with
exploitation and selfishness as well
is with crusades and efforts, inter-
:acial conferences and brotherhood
:onventions. Proponents of racial
imity in America have repeatedly
ippealed to what they have believed
.s a certain moral character, which
hey have conceived as existing in
.he depths of the national uncon-
scious. Their efforts have been bent
toward releasing this dynamic flow
of brotherly love and harmony, which
will then overwhelm us all, so that
we will fall on each other's necks and
weep bitterly at our wrongdoing.
But centuries of wel-intentioned
probing have failed to discover this
reservoir of moral rectitude. And
there are those of us who have
been disillusioned by moralists who
have periodically taken the Christ-
ian abstraction called "brotherly
love" from its dusty niche in the
trophy room of antique virtues, to
polish it and set it shining before
us for a season, only to return it to
the trophy room.
The second of the tiiree principles
herein asserted is no less important
than the first. The serious student of
:ace relations in America is bound
o recognize that what we have at-
empted to do is to reconcile incom-
)atible elements. We have tried to
idjust racial equality to white su-
>remacy; we have tried to fit a con-
:ept of the dignity and worth of the
tuman personality into a system
vhich exploits human personality;
>ur efforts have not sought to change
he system, but rather to make the
system benevolent and righteous. In
he words of Lillian Smith, "We are
rying to buy a new world with Con-
federate bills." But the facts are
,lear. White supremacy and racial
equality cannot exist side by side
The third on our principles has
a more or less local application.
To-o many discussions of the race
problem in America smack of the
travelogue lecture series. We equate
the problems of the races with the
quaint problems of oriental civili-
zations. We are quick to condemn
something called "The South" and
to marvel at the blindness and
stupidity of peoples who are be-
nighted enough to resort to lynch-
ings. But we forget that "The
South" is not so much a physical
place as it is representative of a
state of mind, which can and does
exist in Ann Arbor, Mich., as well
as in Atlanta, Ga. There are many
of us who have searched for differ-
ences in the principle which pro-
hibits Negroes and Jews from ho-
tels in New York and in Ann Arbor
and the principle which prohibits
Negroes and Jews from hotels in
America would do well to face the
facts of race and race relations hon-
estly and openly, for if we do not
face the facts now, the facts, bloated
by the insidious poisons of mutual
distrust, will face us later.
-John S. Lash
TfHE recent series of meetings at
Columbia on the admittance of
Negro students at the University of
Missouri has called fresh attention to
the unsatisfactory handling of this
problem to date, and to the status of
student opinion on the subject.
The United States Supreme Court
ruled in December, 1938, in the
Lloyd Gaines case, that the uni-
versity was required to admit
Negroes or provide equal facilities
for them. This resulted in the crea-
tion of makeshift law and journal-
ism schools, which do not attain
the regular university's standards,
and in which few Negroes have en-
rolled. It has been pointed out at
recent Columbia forums that this
To O'Mal.ey Enterprises, nc.!
And to J. J. O'Malley, who is
Amnuzin , isn't it? O'Malley
wqs too busy to get here for
1Men like O'Malley
Sarnoby!. .. Those unemployed financiers never
showed vo! A nAl whitedrs.rjvinr n