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June 05, 1945 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-06-05

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Fifty-Fifth Year


United Nations To Honor Thomas Mann

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Uichligan under the authority of the board in Contrvd
of Student Publications.

Evelyn Phtilipa
Margaret Farmer
Ray Dixon .
Patti sisin
Bank Mantho
Mavis Kennedy
Ann' chut .
Dick Strickland
Martha Schmitt
Kay McFee,

Editoru Staff
, . . taglng Editor
S . . .Editorial Director
. .i . . . . City Editor
Associate Editor
* * Sporta Editor
. . Women's Editor
t . Aassocfat Women's Editor
Business Sta f
* t. , Business Manager
. t . iociate Busin.s Mgr.
. . Associate Business um r.
Telephone 23-24.1

Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, oiehig a.
dsond-class nl matter.
Subscriptions during the reguiar school year by car-
1i4r, $40, by mall, t525.
Naional Advertising Service, Inc
College Publshers Representative
12o MADi4ON AVE. NEwoK. N. Y.
CHICACO * osvo - Ls ANGaeLS * SA r MsCo
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1944=45
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
All Nations Club.
Because of an insistent demand on the part of
both foreign and American students for a place
wliere they can really get acquainted, the All
NIations Club, newest of campus organizations,
was formed. Although the International Cen-
ter maintains an excellent program to help the
foreign student in adjusting to his courses and
to campus life, there has long been a need for
some method of achieving closer understanding
and genuine friendship between him and his
fellow students.
Today internatioalisin is the keynote of
the times. The war has accentuated the real-
ization that the youth of every nation is es-
sentially alike. Students are often heard to
express the wish that they could meet ad
make friends with young people outside of
thAir small select little circles. It is, how-
ever, sail but true that the number of Ameri-
can students who have walked arohd the
crer of the Union to enter the International
Center is astoishingly small.
The men an women who come to the Uni-
versity from other countries are anxious to get
to know American students. Many came here
not only to learn from textbooks and professors
but to get acquainted with American youths
and learn to get along with them.
The newly formed All Nations Club is an
opportunity of which both groups should take
advantage. Last night's rally proved that Mich-
igan students are interested in meeting" their
fellows from other lands. The club meeting in
the Center tonight at 7:30 presents another such
We cannot talk about international friend-
ship if we deny such friendship to the repre-
sentatives of those nationalities within our own
-Annette Shenker
After many days of bitter fighting the Brit-
ish, by a show of fore, have compelled French
troops to withdraw from Damascus, Meanwhile,
the French have claimed that the Syrians were
armed by the British.
The entire dispute has been clouded by lack
of reliable information. However, it seems
that the same old stoiy-ritain versus France
in the Far East-has been repeated. These
two powers have been cutting each others
throats, at the expense of the Arabs, for many
The French want air bases to protect their oil
lines in Syria. That is all. The British, al-
though they themselves have air bases. in many
Arab countries to protect their oil lines, object
to French imitation.
The importance of the recent skirmishes does
nit lie in the actual gunfire, but in the effects
of the shots upon the whole world. For Syria
rests at the crossroads of the Arab world. Not
only are the French, British and Arab powers

'Goop Bomli
W ASHINGTON--The inside story of how the
Army and Navy are burning up Japan's
main cities, block by block, may now be revealed
at least in part.
The two greatest contributions to the burn-
ing of Japan are the B-29 and a new, still some-
what mysterious fire-bomb known as the "goop
bomb." Just how the "goop bomb" got its name
isn't known. However, it's the most terrible fire
spreader in the world. Part of its secret is an
oily mush developed by petroleum chemists. This
makes the contents of the bombs stick in gluelike
gobs to anything it hits, making it almost im
possible for Japan)es fire-fighters to scrape it
flowever, what really made the bomb the
most terrible in the world was experiments
carried out by some o IIenry Kaiser's west
coast scientists. They found Kaiser had a
surplus of fast burning, bhite-hot magnesium
production on his hands, and they also knew
one of the greatest difficulties in making mag-
USSIAN TROOPS have no rule against fra-
ternizing with Germans. A number of writ-
ers have pointed to tie paradox that Russia,
which continually calls on us to be stern with
the conquered, allows her own soldiers to mingle
freely with the German people, sets up bake-
shops and hospitals for them, and lets them
run their own mumcipal governments, Tie
Soviet press, which frequently denounces Miss
Dorothy Thompson and other writers for ad-
vocating some form of rapprochement with
some sections of the German people, has re-
cently scolded its own journalist, Mr. Ilya Ehren-
burg, for declaring that there are. no good Oer-
The situation is not (fsjte as paradoxical as
it appears. The answer probably is that Russia
has a definite plan for Germany, at least for
the portions under her control; she is never
going to allow those areas to become a menace
to herself, and with her mind made up on
this point, she can afford to use surprisingly
lenient administrative devices. Tougher about
final goals, she can afford to be less tough in
day-to-day operations; after all, she does not
suspect herself of secretly planning to build
up an anti-Russian Germany.
THE PARADOX, if there be one, lies on our
side. We are much less clear than Russia
about what we ultimately want for Germany,
and we are much harsher on a day-to-day basis;
we won't even speak to the Germans. In a
sense, we have no policy for Germany at all, and
we avoid contacts with Germans, because if we
had contacts, we would have to have a policy.
The no-fraternization order is one way of saying
that we don't know quite what we're about,.a
way of postponing decisions.
Our approach is spotted with uncertainties;
we don't allow an American trooper to talk
to a Jungfrau, and that is a hard policy; ut
we leave almost the entire fascist-industrialist
group, Hitler's armorers, unmolested, and that,
is soft policy.
Our list of war criminals totals only 3,218
names; that list is too short to cover the real
centers of fascist influence and militarist think-
ing in Germany. It is a list, largely, of profes-
sional Gestapo agents, many of whom are cyn-
ical criminals of no particular inherent phil-
osophy, unimportant, though vicious, opportun-
Most writers on the ,subject have felt that
there are from 100,000 to 200,00 Junkers, in-
dustrialists, army officers and professional
fascists, who must be removed if Germany is
to have a chance at self-development. We
have left the whole shooting-match as it is,
all lumped together, with the German people,
and we won't speak to any of it, but that is
no answer.

T IS AS IF there were a gnawing doubt in the
back of our heads, a feeling that we might
someday want to have a kind of a German some-
thing as a barrier against the spread of Bolshe-
vism; but we don't like this thought, we don't
even like to feel that we have it. And so we are
both soft and tough; soft enough to worry our-
selves, and then tough to prove to ourselves that
we are not soft. But it all adds up to no plan,
and our motives are split and divided, and are,
in part, hidden even from ourselves, as motives
based on fearr not infrequently are. If we got
rid of the real fascists in Ger many, we would
not be afraid to talk to those who are left.
It all comes down to the point that we can-
not have a dear approach to Germany until
we have a cleatr approach to Russia. The one
confusion mirrors the other; while the Rus-
sians are in an excellent strategic lyosition,
politically, because they do have a clear ap-
proach to Germany. .As do so many other
fronts, this one cries out for a big three meet-
ing, to reach a settlement and avoid a future
in which there will be two Germanys, one
organized and functioning at Russian hands,
while the other wobbles directionlessly through
the days and years.
(Copyright, 419, N,'w 'oik Pot 8yidh al
You've eaten the (mlait
We ate all
-tcourie? Without Me? I

' for Japan _
nesium is its high explosive content. So they
experimented with mixing magnesium dust in
the oil of the bomb.
This magnesium dust lights up in a searing
blaze as soon as it comes in contact with air.
Result is the hottest fire ever known.
Most important effect of the "goop -bomb" is
that no known fire-fighting equipment can douse
its flames. Water only adds to the blaze, as do
any of the other specialized fire-fighting cheni-
cals. All the Japs do now against the "goop
bombs" is to try to confine the area in which it
Burns. not put it out.
This is one reason for increasing optiism
about an early end of the .ap war.
A/meric('s Nt). One Heel . ..
derson is a sad man these days. Every time
he picks up the newspapers, he reads story after
story telling how Washington has given some
manufacturer permission to produce again.
Henderson recalls how he gained the reputa-
tion of being "America's number one heel," by
cutting down the American civilian consump-
tion to almost zero.
"If I could only change all that," moans
Henderson. "If the President would only give
me a job for one week-just one short week
-in which I could give the people back some
of the things I took away from them. Then
folks wouldn't think Im such a bad buy after
N\'zi.I.S (miels . . - -
N T M(VUCH has been in the papers about it,
but a significant lawsuit is now being fought
out in New York between the U. S. government
and Standard Oil of New Jersey. It involves
2,000 German patents, which the Justice De-
partment claims were turned over to Standard
by the Nazis for safe-keeping during the war.
The government has seized them and Standard
is suing to get them back.
The patents are some of the most valuable
in the entire war effort, including those for
making synthetic rubber, which Standard Oil
held back from the American public until a
year and a half after the war started in Eu-
One of the most significant pieces of evidence
is a letter taken from the company's own secret
files. It is dated Oct. 22, 1939, a little over a
month after the war started, at which time
Standard's Frank Howard had gone to Holland
to arrange various deals with I. G: Farben. This
is the Nazi cartel with which Standard formed its
patent partnership.
The letter, signed by Howard, told the home
office how he arranged to take over the Nazi
patents and hold them, apparently for safe-
keeping, even if the United States came into the
war against Germany.
Howard reported:
"Pursuant to these arrangements, I was
able to keep my appointments in holland
where I had three days of discussion with
the representatives of the I. G. They de-
livered to me assignments of some 2,000 for-
eign patents and we did our best to work out
complete plans for a modus vivendi which
would operate through the term of the war,
whether the United States came in or not."
If this document is not sufficiently convinc-
ing, however, the Justice Department has an-
other ace up its sleeve. The U. S. Army has
captured three high-ranking officials of I. G.
Farben in Germany. They are: President Her-
mann Schmitz and Managers Max Ilger and
Dr. August Von Knierim. Their testimony, if
given, may be very interesting.
{Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
HHORRIBLE !-A Curling Iron in Nearly
Every Student's Room," runs a sarcastic

headline in one of the first issues of the Daily
(April 23, 1891). Origin of the sarcasm was an
expose in the Chicago Tribune accusing Univer-
sity students of this outrage.
The writer of the piece, father of a Univer-
sity student, says in part, "President Angell
would make a reputation for himself if he
would make hair-curling among the male stu-
dents good cause for extpilsion from the Uni-
The Daily quoted a student letter of protest
to the Tribune signed "one of the 2,000," which
says that "20 per cent (of the 2,000) are farm-
ers' sons, 30 per cent athletes, and 25 per cent
sober, quiet and studious, and nine tenths of
the remaining 25 per cent careless, happy-go-
lucky fellows, and that all of these, in the
nature of things, do not use curling irons.''
W'Ihe remaining two and one half per cent,
hie says, 'undoubtedly spend much of their
time in pluming their feathers, and these few
invariably are the object of all the guy,
and the victims of the papers' funny men.'
-Milt Freudenheim

N JUNE SIXTH the literary world,
at least that of the United Na-
tions, will pay tribute to one of its
most illustrious representatives. Tho-
mas Mann, the eminent German
writer and the most distinguished of
the many literary exiles who have
sought shelter in America, will cele-
brate hisseventieth birthday.
He first attained prominence at
the beginning of the present century


MINUS Veronica Lake and techni-
color, "Bring On the Girls,"
might have been a very good musi-
cal. As it stands now, I'm afraid it's
something less than passably dull.
It abounds in big sets, tricky pro-
duction numbers and it isn't awfully
"Bring On the Girls" is about a
millionaire, Eddie Bracken, who
,cins the Navy to get away from it
all. He suffers some routine mis-
adventures, but all ends well for
him, if not for the audience.
Despite the nature of the film,
Bracken does nothing musical, and
co-sItar Veronica Lake does even less.
In an hour-and-a half's running time
she scarcely lifts one manicured fin-
gernail. A change of expression on
her face is a major event. Despite
this low-gear output of energy, she
makes her last, and very welcome
exit, in the arms of Sonny Tufts - -
apparently too exhausted from her
vast activity to walk under her own
In a musical way, however, there
are Tufts and Marjorie Reynolds.
The former has a couple of sessions
at the piano and gives out with an
inebriated rendition of something
called, "I'll Hate Myself in the Morn-
ing." Miss Reynolds sings briefly,
does one dance routine, and leaves
you wishing the camera would stay
trained on her rather than switcling
to the wooden Veronica. Also Spike
Jones and his City Slickers are pres-
ent and accounted for. This aggre-
gation, whose recording of "Cock-
tail for Two" was the greatest thing
since Beethoven's Fifth, does a knock-
down-drag-out performance of that
heart- wren chiing old swamp lament.
The whole affair receives the
final kiss of death from technicolor.
From the opening scene showing a
mansion furnished with shriek-
ingly red carpets and sofas, to the
finale in a hideous purple-and-
green night club, the screen is
glutted with poster-card colors. It's
a question of how much the human
eye can stand.
AttheState .
THE STATE seems to be going in
for revivals. A few weeks back
it was "For Whom the Bell Tolls."
and now it is "The Song of Berna-
dette." Two years may not be the
best possible perspective for judging
a film with finality, but another look
at this Werfel piece largely confirms
your first opinion. "Bernadette" is
a sincere, painstaking and occa-
sionally -beautiful treatment of a dif-
ficult subject, marked throughout by
unusually good taste.
The thin ice 20th-Century Fox was
skating on in presenting the story of
the shrine at Loudres was thin in-
deed. A subject of this sorttinevita-
bly entails overtones of the church
and on this score it is unusually easy
to offend people. "Bernadette" is to
be most admired in that its producers
have made this film only the story of
a great, unshakable faith and the
power it generates.
The peasant girl and her story rep-
resent this alone, and the church is
touched upon only externally.
In re-appraising Jennifer Jones''
performance, one still thinks that,
adequate and sensitive as it is, it
did not deserve an Academy Award.
In the last analysis, Miss Jones is
not much more than just another
ingenue. Her one subsequent ap-
pearance in "Since You Went Away"
certainly confirms this opinion.
On the other hand, the perform-
ances of Gladys Cooper, Charles
Bickford, Vincent Price and Anne
Revere are among the best char-
( acterizatins the screen has ever
( afforded. Because of the tremen-
rmndous publicity campaign behind
"Going My Way," many people
have doubtless come to the conclu-
sion that "character performance"

must entail mugging and facial
contortions a la Barry Fitzgerald.
This doesn't happen to be true.
The aforementioned quartet give
true character performances, and
they're really quite quiet and com-
posed about it.

with the publication of1 Buddenbrooks
(1901). In this work he traced the
decline of a prosperous and well-es-
tablished north German business
family through four generations. By
means of careful analysis of charac-
ter and scene he revealed the weak-
nesses inherent in the seemingly sol-
id and substantial middle-class civi-
lization of the latter part of the
nineteenth century. With prosperity
and wealth came cultural refinement
and along with that propensities to
disintegration and decay.
.rhis novel brought Mann fame
in his native land and in time won
for him European acclaim. In
1929 Nobel prize for literature was
given him, largely, he was told, on
the basis of his contribution in this
work aone.
But by this time it. must be re-
membered he was the author of other
equally famous works and a writer of
international reputation. The cen-
tral theme of Buddenbrooks became
for many years the predominant
problem of his own life and writings,
for the story was closely modelled
after that of his own forebears, who
were distinguished in business and
civil affairs in the old Hansa city oYf
Lubeck. The problem of the artist
who has strayed away from the prop-
rieties of the bourgeoisie and wat,
henceforth really at home in neither,
world, was treated again and again
with literary virtuosity in a number
of fine short stories and nove'lettes,
cmong the best known of which ar:=
Tonio Kroger (1903) and Death inj
Venice (1913).
The first World ,War glaringly
focusedNlI amn's attention on the
fact that a decline and disintegra-
tion similar to that which he had
observed and analyzed in the indi-
vidual and the family was taking
place also in western civilization in
general. During the war he strong-
ly defended the position of his

native land against what seemed to
him to be the "inferior" clvillza-
tion of the democratic and liberal
Not until 1922 did lie publicly repu-
diate his former affiliations and ad-
vocate democratic and republican
principles as he understood them. His
searching mental and spiritual strug-
gles during this period are revealed
in the long "Confessions of a Non-
political Man" (1918, not yet avail-
able in English) and in the essay
On the Republic (1922), and found
later artistic expression in the famous
novel The Magic Mountain (1924).
This work presents, within distinct
limitations, Mann's analysis of the
mind and temper of western Euro-
pean civilization, not so much as it
existed on the eve as at the close of
the World War and particularly as
'it spent itself during the breaking-
down of the German middle class
throughout the period of the Re-
Shortly after the collapse of the
Republic, because of his bold stand
against the rising tide of prejudice
and totalitarianism, Mann became an
exile. He has now, as an American
citizen, become one of the leading
advocates of democracy and of the
liberal tradition. Among his better-
known later works are the Goethe
novel, The Beloved Returns (1939)
and the Joseph novels (1933-1944),
besides many essays on literary and
political subjects which, since his
exile, have appeared in American per-
Thus Thomas Mann has come to
represent in his own person and
in his writings the best traditions of
the culture of European humanism
as it flowered particularly in the
era of middle class civilization in
Germany. Perhaps he stands out
for us today as its last truly rep-
resentative figure.
-Fred B. Wahr
Department of German


Publication in the' atly Official Bul-
letin is constructive notilce to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell hall, by 2:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (10:30 a. m. Sat-I
VOL. LV, No. 164
School oif Education Convocation:
The tenth annual Convocatiori of
undergraduate and graduate stu-
dents who are candidates for the
Teacher's Certificate during the aca-
deniic year will be held in the Uni-
versity High School Auditorium
today at 1 p.m., CWT. This Con-
vocation is sponsored by the
School of Education; and members
of other faculties, students, and
the general public are cordially in-
vited. President Ruthven will pre-
side at the Convocation and John S.
Brubacher, Professor of Education,
Yale University, will give the ad-
Margaret E. Bell
Recorder, School of Education
To Members of the University Sen-
ate: There will be a meeting of the
University Senate on Monday, June
11, at 3:15 p.m. in the Rackham
Amphitheater. The program in-
Recommendations of the Senate
Advisory Committee on University
Report on Provisions for Veterans
by Clark Tibbitts.
Report on Intercultural RelationsI
by L. A. Hopkins.
Commencement announcementsj
previously ordered by June graduates
must be called for from 12:30 to 4:00
p.m. today in Room 1, UniversityI
American Red Cross: The Amer-
ican Red Cross, being urgently in
need of additional personnel, has
asked the University to call this sit-
uation to the attention of women
graduates of this year and the recent
past who may be qualified Social
Workers. Recreation Workers, Hos-
pital Wor'kers, and Staff Assistants
for Club, Clubmobile, and Recreation
Centers, for domestic and foreign'
service. Those who are interested
and believe themselves qualified are
advised to consult at once with Mrs.
Wells I. Bennett, Chairman of Per-
sonnel Recruitment of the Ann Arbor
Red Cross Headquarters, 25546, or
directly with Mrs. Bennett, 21278.
Student Accounts: Your attention
is called to the following rules passed
by the Regents at their meeting ofI
February 28, 1936:
-Students shall pay all accounts
A,,ip the cTTnvP-r ix notIn.ter 'than yht

will not be released, and no tran-
sciipt of credits will be issued.
"(b) All students owing such ac-
counts will not be allowed to reg-
ister in any subsequent semester or
summer session until payment has
been made."
All engineering students' planning
to take the State Board Engineering
Examination this semester must file
an application forn dwith Asst. Dean
Olmstead before Thursday, June 7,
1945. This application form may be
obtained from Rm. 413 West Engi-
neering Building.
The examination will be given the
evenings of June 11 and 12 at 7 p.m.,
EWT, in Rm. 413 West Engineering
Interviewing for Soph Cabaret will
be held this afternoon in the Under-
graduate Office of the League from
one o'clock ,until three. All those
who handed in petitions but who did
not sign up for a definite interview
cime may sign up at the League to-
Phi Beta Kappa: The keys and
membership certificates have arrived,
and may be called for at the Observ-
atory on Wednesday and Thursday
State of Michigan Civil Service an-
nouncements for the following exam-
inations have been received in our
office. Institution Recreation In-
structor A & B, salary range from
$135.25 to $170 per month, Insti-
tution Recreation Director I, $180 to
$220 per month, and Property Sales
Clerk B, $125 to $145 per month.
Further information can be obtained
at the Bureau of Appointments, 201
Mason Hall.
Brach & Sons Candy Company,
Chicago, Illinois: Representative
will be in our office on Tuesday, June
5, to interview Mechanical and In-
dustrial Engineers, Chemists, Food
technologists, and also Literary and
Business Administration students for
Training Program. For appointment
call the Bureau of Appointments,
University Ext. 371.
Social Scenrity Board, Detroit and
Cleveland: Mr. Waechter, and Mr.
Pollock will be in the office on Wed-
nesday, June 6, to interview all sen-
iors who would be interested in work-
ing for them. For further infor-
mation and appointment, call the
Bureau of Appointments, University
Ext. 371.
Michigan State Civil Service: Mr.
Joseph Corcoran will be in the office
on Thursday, June 7, to interview all
girls who would be interested in the
Psychiatric Aide Program. Psychol-
ogy and Sociology majors are prefer-
red. For appointment call the Bureau
of Appointments, University Ext. 371.
Hopwood Lecture: Mr. Struthers
Burt, American novelist, will deliver
the annual Hopwood lecture on the

No (esSErt? Aidno cigjors
Well, your dad won't mind There's

By Crockett Johnson
Ahyes. Heprobably broughtit for me.
And, soy, Barnaby, speaking of


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