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May 27, 1945 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-05-27

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UNAk, MAX WTHE MICHIGAN DAILY

PAGE THREE

FEATURE PAGE
FORMER DEAN ACTIVE:
Mrs. Myra Jordan Provided
Coeds' Campus Activities

By PAT CAMERON
The proverbial "fifth-out-of-five"
Michigan coed can thank 82-year-old
Mrs. Myra B. Jordan for providing
many of the activities by which she
is converted in four years, or less,
into a B.W.O.C.
JGP, League Houses,. Senior So-
ciety, Wyvern, Orientation, and Mor-
tar Board are the more important
contributions to University life which
Mrs. Jordan, an Ann Arbor resident
still interested in campus affairs,
made as Dean of Women from 1902
to 1922.
On succeeding Dr. Eliza Mosher,
Mrs. Jordan's first problem was
that of women's housing. She vis-
ited the rooms of all 479 girls en-
rolled here and listed those houses
in which the conditions were satis-
factory. Obtaining the support of
some of the landladies, Mrs. Jor-
dan increased the number of houses
which would take only women and
would provide a parlor for enter-
taining guests. A Regents' ruling
backed her up after 1903.
That fall Dean Jordan suggested
that the students living in approved
houses select a president for each
house. "Through this group of pres-
idents there developed a much closer
contact with the women students
than there had previously been," she
stated.
The practice of the junior girls
presenting a play originated with
Mrs. Jordan, who believed that some
entertainment should be given for
outgoing seniors. With the help of
Miss Eleanor Demmon, daughter of
Prof. Demmon of the English Litera-
ture Department, she wrote the script
for the first Junior Girls Play, and
the two trained the junior women
for the play presented in 1904.
Orientation began as a function of
"Wyvern," junior women's honor so-
ciety. Wyvern itself was organized
and named by Mrs. Jordan, after she
and her husband, then Associate Li-
brarian, spent 16 weeks in England
and Scotland in 1899. The name is
Welsh for "protecting dragon."
"I felt that freshmen needed the
guidance and helping hand of the
older women students and I needed
a group which would take over
this function," Mrs. Jordan said.
Members of Wyvern wrote to
the incoming freshmen, met them
at the station, and guided them
through registration. When Orien-
tation Period was organized years
later; Wyvern relinquished; this ac-
tivity to the Orientation Commit-
tee.
The Senior women, too, owe their

honorary, society to the efforts of
Mrs. Jordan. She had gone through
college without joining a sorority,
and as Dean of Women she formed
Senior Society in 1906 for the inde-
pendent women.
Organizing the original chapter of
Mortar Board in 1905 was another
of Mrs. Jordan's achievements, aided
by President Angell.
During Mrs. Jordan's term 'of ser-
vice her office was in the room west
of the gymnasium south of the hall
in Barbour Gym. She was responsi-
ble for obtaining Mrs. Estelle Black-
burn as Matron of the building in
1907.
Before her marriage Mrs. Jo~r-
dan taught in country schools near
Battle Creek, where she was born
in 1863. She was tutored in Ger-
man by Frederick P. Jordan, li-
brarian of the public library in
Battle Creek. Upon entering the
University she was given examina-
tions in German which she passed
with such a high grade that her
examiner gave her twelve hours of
credit at once.
After two years at the University
and two more of teaching in Salt
Lake City, she was married in 1893
to Mr. Jordan. She obtained her de-
gree later. Mr. Jordan served for 33
years as Assistant Librarian and
Cataloguer of the University Gen-
eral Library.
The couple are members of Phi
Beta Kappa and have subscribed to
every Daily published.

CAMPUS A LONG TIME AGO-Above is a picture of campus before the turn of the century. The
picture was taken from where the League would be. The building occupies a spot where the Natural
Science building now stands.
* * * * *
Un iversity Asked No Tuition in 1845

By JEANNE S. COCKBURN
As the end of another month rolls
around with the inevitable flattening
of the pocket-book let us look back
a century to the University of Mich-
igan, then in its eighth year in Ann
Arbor, where we find that expenses
for a three semester year were esti-
mated at from $70 to $100.
That modest sum seems almost in-
conceivable in May, 1945, but in 1845
the University charged no tuition and
officials of the University stated that
$10 is charged as an admission fee,
and about $7.50 a year for incidental
expenses and the services of a jan-
itor.
Catalogue of 1845
Readers of the "Catalogue of the

Officers and Students in the Depart-
ment of Arts and Sciences in the
University of Michigan, 1845" found
that terms began on January 9, May
15, and September 18 with public
examinations each term attended by
an august body called the Board of
Visitors.
There were seven faculty members
then and 53 students. Four of the
students came from Ohio, two from
Connecticut, one from Canada, and
the rest from Michigan. Of the 13
regents, six were ministers and their
roll is dotted with such first names
as Origen, Epophroditus, Alpheus,
Zina, and Elijah.
How different the University is to-
day from 1845 when candidates for
admission were examined in English
grammar, geography, arithmetic, al-
gebra through simple equations, Vir-
gil, Cicero's Select Orations, Sallust,
Jacob's or Felton's Greek Reader,
Andrew's and Stoddard's Latin Gram-
mar, and Sophocles' Greek Grammar.
Every student was considered on
probation, and not a regular member
of the University, until after a resi-
dence of one year. For admission
the catalogue states, "Testimonials
of good moral character are required
in all cases: and students coming
from other colleges, are required to
produce a certificate of honorablef
dismission."
Once a student in the University,
NEW DEVELOPMENTS:

the young man (this was still long
before co-education) was required to
attend three recitations or lectures
daily, except on Saturday when he
had an exercise in elocution. There
is no choice in subjects elected indi-
cated in the catalogue and the stu-
dent spent four years in a program
which was rigidly classical with the
exception of chemistry, zoology and
astronomy.
Church Attendance Required
Under the heading Public Worship
we find that students were required
to attend prayers daily in the College
Chapel, and each one was "required
to attend public worship on the Sab-
bath, at such one of the Churches in
the village of Ann Arbor, as his par-
ent or guardian direct."
The catalogue urged that the "Fac-
ulty ever keep it in mind that most
of the students are of an age which
renders absolutely necessary some
substitute for parental superintend-
ance." They were asked to attain
that, end not by constraint or dread
of penalty, but by the influence of
persuasion and kindness. Mention
was made, however, of "perverse in-
dividuals" whom nothing but the fear
of penalty would influence and that
if it was felt necessary for the best
interests of the Institution, such stu-
dents would be 'returned to their
families.'

1iI'

rail

Prof. Hobbs Made Expedition
To Japanese Pac'ific Islands

By CLAIRE DRITZ
Today in San Francisco the United
States is asking for control of Japa-
nese Pacific Islands for which we
have been fighting-islanda that will
be strategically important to us in
post-war security.
Before the war very little was
known about these islands. Japan in
the Versailles Treaty was granted
mandatory privileges and although
the islands were supposed to be open
to all visitors of the few non-Japa-
nese ever permitted to enter one was
Prof. William Hobbs of the Univer-
sity geology department.
In the summer of 1921 before
the Japanese had begun their forti-
fications, Prof. Hobbs, then head of
the gealogy department, was grant-
ed permission by the State Depart-
ment, to doa scientific investigation
on the growths and formation of
mountains. He was given full use
of the American minesweeper, "U.
S. Bittern," and for a few days the
Japanese armored cruiser, "Yodo."
He cruised around and studied
many of the islands that are now in
the headlines-Iwo, the Marianna
and Caroline Islands, Palau, Saipan,
Truk, and Yap.
At the time he saw no militaristic
attitude. There was a dispute over
the islands but the Japanese remain-
ed cordial. However, at the out-
break of this war Prof. Hobbs dis-

closed that there had been an at-
tempt to wreck the American gun-
boat.
Admiral Nosaki, commander of the
naval forces on the mandated islands,
informed Hobbs that the harbor of
the Palaus, Malakal, was difficult to
pass through, and, therefore gave
the professor a radio signal to the
Japanese Captain Fujisawa who
would pilot the ship into the harbor.
Tis captain was more hostile toward
Americans than any of the others
had been but Hobbs followed his in-
structions.
The Japanese ship left first and
the professor's party followed. As
the U. S. Bittern proceeded down
the coast of the Palaus they kept
radioing but received no reply al-
though they saw the Japanese ship
in the harbor. Despite the glare
of the sun which blinded them the

Drs. Randall, Brker Conduct
Spectroscopic Experiments

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By MARTHA DIEFFENBACHER
Invisible organic molecules possib-
ly containing hundreds of atoms con-
nected by valence forces and pos-
sessing characteristic frequencies are
being mapped by members of the
physics department in a series of
infra-red spectroscopy experiments
supervised by Doctors Harrison M.
Randall and Ernest F. Barker.
Comparable to striking a compli-
cated mechanical system of balls
joined by springs, infra-red light,
light of wave-lengths longer than
visible white light, transmits heat
energy to the vibrating atoms of
molecules and consequently increases
their vibrating energy. Absorption
lines appear on a photographic plate
recording wave lengths which have
been absorbed by contrasting them
to unabsorbed regions which appear
in their original intensity.
Problems Solved
"Three problems solved by infra-
red spectroscopy include qualitative
analysis (what compounds are pres-
ent), quantitative analysis, (how
much of a given compound is pres-
ent in a mixture), and the description
of the molecular composition of un-
knowncompounds," Doctor Randall
explained.
Each linkage, oxygen to carbon,
or oxygen to hydrogen, for example,
has a characteristic frequency which
is the reciprocal of the wave length
it absorbs. The mass of the atom,
the force constance binding it to an-
other atom, and the arrangement of
,the atoms in the complete molecule
determine its frequency. According-
ly, these factors may be calculated
from the plotted wave lengths.
Important results are achieved by
industrialists and chemical war-re-
search plants from this data. Com-
plicated compounds may sometimes
be analyzed to discover their simpler
components. By synthesis, artificial-
ly building required molecules, or by

1209 Sr~ATi IUPSIVI-RSItY

IRu-ni ANN CAKE~S, M, r.

PROF. W. D. HOBBS
.... Pacific authority.

developing new, sm-pier compounds WHEREVER SHE GOES
containing only the effective atomic
groupings, industrial chemists avoid
wasting material or time employed in
working with the original substance.
'Feather Forecasts
Weather forecasts are predicted T UCKAWAY CASE
more accurately by meteorologists
measuring the energy gained by water will let her carry everything she needs for
molecules absorbing the sun's infra-
red light. loveliness on a long journey or a week-end
Finally, theories on the nature of
the universe are validated by experi- Visit, neatly packed in a handsome case of
angemevidencedesri ingmolecules simulated leather, lined with Arden Pink. Strap
and the strength of the forces bind- handle lets her carry it under her arm, light weight
ing them together.
Pioneering in infra-red spectro- akes it ideal for airplane travel. Contains:
scopy, Michigan has a distinguished Ardenr Cleansing Cream Cameo and lIsiOn Powder
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the spectral lines in some samples of I *F"U res)
Hydro-chloric acid, later explained
as the result of the two chlorine iso-
topes having atomic weights of 35 1
and 37. Utilizing Michigan's infra-
red machines. James Hardy and
G. BB. M. Southerland, leading Eng- ua
lish scientists completed the history
of chlorine's isotopes by disproving On State at the Head of No/h University
the contention of a German scientist
that a third isotope of weight 39
existed. -
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captain decided to make entrance,
and cautiously slipped into the
harbor. When they turned around
they saw where they had nar-
rowly missed the reefs. The charts
on the boat indicated that the
channel buoy had been displaced.
In planning the strategy of the
fighting in the Pacific the geological
aspects had to be known. So Prof.
Hobbs went to Washington where in
conference with important military
personnel he discussed information
he had obtained on the expedition.
Over 250 of his photographs and
maps were reproduced, copies were
placed aboard all the warships in the
area and in many planes.

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