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May 10, 1945 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-05-10

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&t gath
Fifty-Fifth Year

Argetine Issue Debated


- ~ I
- ~-z~-.z.

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.

Evelyn Phillips
Margaret Farmer
Ray Dixon .
Paul Sislin
Hank Mantho
Dave Loewenberg
Mavis Kennedy
Ann Schutz
Dick Strickland
Martha Schmitt
Kay McFee

Editorial Staff
Managing Editor
. . . . Editorial Director
. - . . . City Editor
Associate Editor
*.Sports Editor
. . . Associate Sports Editor
. . . . . Women's Editor
. . Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
. . . Business Manager
. Associate Business Mgr.
. . . Associate Business Mgr.

Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited la this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.,
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1944-45
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Bill of Rights
in Germany under Nazi rule point to the
necessity for an international bill of rights. The
peace planner's job must include not only pun-
ishment of the crimes already committed, but
prevention of further acts of barbarism.
Though international law has always consid-
ered the treatment of a country's nationals a
domestic question," it is clear now that an
international organization pledged to the main-
tenance of world peace must concern itself with
the individual rights of man - everywhere. To
this end San Francisco and the peace confer-
ences of the future should take a definite stand
regarding the protection of those fundamental
rights. A specific definition of those rights, as
broad as this coalition of nations can agree
upon should be made at San Francisco.
It is true, as is pointed out in the May sup-
plement of Fortune Magazine, that there are
few nations who would now accept a verdict
of a world court which held that they were not
living up to the provisions of the world bill of
rights. But San Francisco can make a general
declaration of rights and authorize the organ-
ization set up at Dumbarton Oaks to watch
over and protect them. Then an offending
nation, having signed the bill of rights, could
not justifiably feel that their violation was a
domestic question and action could be taken.
This may not sound like a very forceful pro-
gram but progress does not come quickly. Slowly
we must work toward the ultimate goal in
which the nations and people, working together,
will finally realize and accept their rights and
responsibilities in an international community
and in which a replica of the present atroci-
ties will never be seen.
-Jean Engstrom
Blue Jeans
rUHAT University coeds are usually seen in blue
jeans and flannel shirts is the accusation
made by Harry Y. Chan and Henry H. Lee in a
Letter to the Editor published in this week's
issue of Life Magazine.
Mr. Chan and Mr. Lee compliment the Ste-
phens College girls on being "well-dressed."
They refer to the "Charm Course" article on
Stephens College in the April 16 Life.
"It is gratifying to know," they wrote, "that
there are still some college girls who dress like
This reflection on the Michigan coeds' garb
does not seem at all warranted. University girls
do not wear jeans to classes or to the libraries.
They usually are worn only for picnics, bike-
rides, and other outdoor events where they are
most practical.
This type of accusation gives an exaggerated
untrue picture of our campus to outsiders.
It is unfortunate that the University is given
this publicity when it is not deserved.
-Jean Mac Main

Seventh War Loan

SAN FRANCISCO-The play-by-play account
of what went on behind the scenes after the
United Nations conference reluctantly voted to
admit Argentina can now be revealed.
After Stettinius forced a public vote on the
Argentine issue despite Russian requests for
delay, he suddenly found himself catching criti-
cism from the press and the public. Greatly
upset, he hastily called a closed-door meeting of
the American delegation. The air was charged
with tension.
Young Rockefeller broke the ice by launching
into a eulogy of the way Stettinius had handled
"This country is fortunate to have its af-
fairs in his hands," praised Rockefeller.
Another Argentine rooter, Assistant Secre-
tary Jimmy Dunn, started to chime in but
was interrupted by shrewd Hamlton Fish
Armstrong, key U. S. adviser.
"I'm very disturbed by all this," said Arm-
strong. "I think we ought to call the press
in and explain the American position. The
press is calling us fascists and Stettinius is
being put in a reactionary position.."
But Minnesota's quick-thinking Harold Stas-
sen, who had been cool to Argentina's admis-
sion interrupted: "Oh yeah, what are you
going to tell the press when you let them in?"
John Foster Dulles, who once represented Dic-
tator Franco, observed that he, too. was worried
about the publicr eaction.
"It's very important," Dulles said, "that the
public doesn't get the feeling that our delegation
is reactionary."
Differences Urvoldable .. .
AGAIN ex-Governor Stassen interrupted to
say: "I don't understand why we have to be
so apologetic about something that was discussed
fully in here and was then voted upon and
passed. The important thing is that we work
together. It's impossible to avoid all differences
between nations and people."
Stassen went on to point out that there was
considerable justification for the American
view, even if he didn't agree with it entirely
himself. He said that if there were no argii-
ments, there was no use holding a confer-
Stettinius then said he thought Stassen's
statement of the situation was so good that he
ought to go on the air and present it publicly:
Jimmy Dunn next protcstel that the Russians
were holding up the conference by refusing
to permit Argentina to take the chairmanship of
a conference sub-committee. He launched into a
vigorous anti-Soviet tirade, paying his respects
to the Russians in no uncertain terms.
Rockefeller endorsed Dunn's idea about giv-
ing Argentina a place on a conference committee.
"It's terribly important that we treat Argen-
tina as well as anyone else," he said.
"I agree with Dunn and Rockefeller,"chimed in
Michigan's Senator Vandenberg. "Now that
we've invited them we've got to treat them
But Stassen said he couldn't go along with
Dunn, Rockefeller or Vandenberg.
"It's bad enough," said Stassen, "that we let
them in without giving them any honors."
"Well," was Vandenberg's retort, "anything
that Rockefeller wants-is o. k."
Dunn suggested that the U. S. delegation
should slip Argentina into the first committee
vacancy they found, but Stettinius demurred.
"I've gotten into trouble enough over Ar-
gentina already," observed the harassed Sec-
retary of State.
Enter Unchallenged . ..
ON ONE DAY while 46 top delegates, including
the foremost foreign ministers of the world.
were sitting in secret session at the Veterans'
building, two newspapermen plus two University
of Southern California co-eds made a test of
getting into the building without credentials,
carrying four typewriters. The four typewriters
could have contained 50 pounds of TNT each,
totaling 200 pounds.
The two men and two girls drive in a taxi,
not a conference car, through police lines
without being stopped, and walked into the
Veterans' building without showing creden-
tials. They walked the entire length of the
building, through the hall alongside of which

RfRj to

the 46 delegates were sitting, and then left,
still carrying their typewriters.
Twenty minutes later they returned. The taxi
stopped at the police lines, but both the military
police and the San Francisco police waved to
them to go inside. No credentials were shown.
Thy also entered the Veterans' building without
credentials, walked through the building with
their typewriters and departed. .
Later as the foreign ministers were about to
end their session, the four returned again, carry-
ing typewriters. Again they were not required to
show credentials. This time the military police
were even removed from the conference doors.
This time, if the typewriter cases had carried
TNT, the four people making three trips to the
conference hall, could have totaled 600 pounds
of TNT. Or on the last trip they might have
carried tommy guns to meet the delegates as
they came out the door.
Neither the military police nor the local police
would have known the difference.
At the opera house, where plenary sessions of
the conference are held, security is better. But
the secret meetings of the 46 top delegates and
foreign ministers at the less-guarded Veterans'
building are much more important.
Should a hitler agent, wanting last-minute
vengeance for Berlin and the end of Nazidom,
execute a plot against these 46 key men of the
world, civilization would be set back for years.
And every other nation would blame the United
States for what happened.
Some people have joked about Molotov's
bodyguards and the Russian complaints about
security. But the real fact is that on this
point the Russians are the onlye realistic
people at the conference.
(Copyright, 1945, by 1he Blt Syndicate, In.)
-__--- -- /-c ,
San Francisco
Even Germany, after ravaging other nations
and peoples, desires peace. Representatives from
all over the world with 45 nations officially rep-
resented here are striving for a formula to guide
and direct the establishment of policies to dispose
of international problems.
Peace-The product of good-will, righteous-
ness, a way of life, living among and with other
people. That is what is being attempted at San
Peace-The establishment of a world con-
stitution. Of course we will succeed; we must
succeed. After the last world-war we wanted
peace. However, political prejudice wilfully
destroyed the attempt as we all now tragic-
ally recognize. In his Memoirs, As I Knew
Them, Senator Jim Watson of Indiana reveals
Senator Lodge of Mass. requesting him to
lead the fight to destroy the League of Nations,
but, said Sen. Watson in reply: "85 per cent of
the people want the League, 85 per cent of the
Preachers advocate it, al the churches want
it." To which Lodge is quoted to have said:
"We won't set out to deliberately destroy the
League, but, we will attack it piece-meal, and
when we have debated for weeks and months
amending the proposal, no one will want it."
Mussolini, Hitler and Hirohito, proponents of
fascism, attempted to enslave and dominate the
world. Paganism rampant,egreed, death and
destruction. They have failed, however. Nat-
ive fascists in our own country, having repre-
sentatives here, are of course not working out
in the open. Will reactionaries ever learn? Two
bulletins in a Market Street bookstore window
are: "Fascism is all the minor rackets rolled
up into one-monopoly." And the other: "Must
our war efforts be sapped by the prerogatives
of private enterprise while our boys die for us?"
Peace-Yes, it is said that five per cent of
the people think, 10 per cent believe they think,
and the other 85 per cent are guided by prejudices
and intolerance toward others. History reveals
that the adoption of our constitution of the
United States, and of which we are reminded
by this conference to establish a World constitu-
tion, was beset with difficulties in 1787. The

thirteen colonies were as touchy about their
sovereignty as are the nations today, scoffed at
exalted ideas as impracticable. Eleven days after
the date set for conference (May 14) only a
scant quorum, 9 of the 13 colonies had repre-
sentatives present. At this conferenc'e 45 na-
tions are present; we have made progress. In
the referendum of ratification of the people in
1787 only 100,000 of the 160,000 who voted were
in favor of adoption. The delegates here ex-
hibit faith, a desire for cooperation and to give
as well as to take.
Press conferences given by Molotov of Rus-
sia, Soong of China, Bidault of France, and
Evatt of Australia reveal these men as being
well informed, statesmen with intelligence,
fraternizing with us, personally answering
questions as to their viewpoints, policies, ex-
periences of practical application-a1 of which
gives the belief that success will be forthcom-
ing through better understandings and au of
us assuming the responsibilities which must be
expected of everyone.
-Redmond M. Luri

AMID the turn mil nd um'eortahtties
A ofthe San Franciocnference,
there is finally an optimistie note
from one of the press' more compe-
tent columnists, Thomas L. Stokes.!
According to a recent column,
"progress can be reported" in thel
matter of understanding Russia. N
Stokes maintains that Secretary of
State Stettinius and our delegates
"are making an honest effort" to
that end.
At present this is the most posi-
tive note of the conference which
began with the delegates "choosing
up sides" and rubbing the Soviet4
Union's face in the dirt at almostI
every on rinity. For a few days
it looked veIy iru:'h as if the con'
ferees, with the aidc f't se
what hostile pre s, were fig ti
thei' own private little war ith
the world lined -upa :ainst the
Soviet Union. The Rus-ianr.. were
"obstinate, obstructionists". and,
what's more, they -didn't want our
old friend, Argentina, to have a
seat at the meeting.


THURSIAY, MAY 10, 1945
VOL. LV. No. 143
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin, is constructive notice to all nmem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell ali, by 2:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (10:30 a. m. Sat-
UnivesityCei'cil: The May meet-
ing of( the!University Council has
Ln uis .. Ilopkins, Secretary
Ail C tvOhrlifr Stndents: Today. AS-

1VAY , O
These and numerous other accusa- cension Thursday, is a holy day of
tions were levelled against a nation obligation. Masses at St. M'ary's
we have called our ally in times of Chapel at 6:20, 7, 8 and 9 o'clock.
greater stress.
But the situation seemingly has Prescott Club: All members who
changed, Stokes points out. "Cu: I wish to attend the party on May 20,
representatives have come to under- 1945, should sign the list on the bul-
stand the Russians better after deal-- letin board next to the Pharmacy
ing with them." he says. Office before MVonday, May 14, 1945.

"It would be wise for the Ameri-
can people to do the same," Stokes;
adds, "the stake here in the future
being what it is."
Russia, he says, considers much the
same as the United States did after
the first World War-a vigorous, self-j
reliant nation. raised into the world
by her own bootstraps-independent
and on her own.
The USSR now feels her oats as a{
lusty nation, having proved herselfE
under her new regime.
-Bob Goldman

All Student'Ls interested in par'tici-
p:,_ting in the three-act student writ-
ten English Department comedy are
asked to be on hand Thursday and
Friday alernoons at 2 o'clock (CWT)
fourth iloor Angell Hall.
Junior Play Committee: Junior
Play Central Committee will have a'
picture taken in the League, tonight
at 6 p.m. CWT). Be prompt!
resen at'ves from the Michigan
BJI Tep:hon Company will be in

7Cll1i Pell-idulum I


edition of Plutarch's "Lives" em-
phasizes the point that its author
was primarily interested in ethics and
therefore thought that biography
could best be used for illustrative
purposes in judging comparative hu-
man behavior. This soon becomes
evident to the reader.{
Nor was Plutarch deceived as to
the severe limitations of his method.
"It must be borne in mind," he ob-
served in his study of Alexander the
Great, "that my design is not to
write histories but lives." (One is
reminded of Lytton Strachey's epi-
gram to the effect that it is almost,
as hard to write a good life as it is
to live one.)
, At any rate, Plutarch would notI
have asserted-as Carlyle did in
the nineteenth century-that great
men and great men alone deter-
mine the course of history. He was!
not, strictly speaking, interested in
this problem at all. The underlying
philosophy of his work cannot be
called historiographic. If much
that he wrote is now a source, andI
Food Shortage

in some eases-as Shotwell tells us
'-the only source for valuable in-
formation this must be considered
the h-ujdsetal result of a didactic
"tour de torc
Thie avidity with which people read
biographical material and the num-
ber of lines devoted to "celebrities"
in) our pres ech day, helps explain
why Plutarhand Suetonius are still
so popular while profounder contem-
porariea receive little attention. Plu-
tarch was ossipy enough to satisfy
any ikon-smnasher.
In "Twelve Against the Gods" a
modern debunker advanced the novel
theory that Cicero delivered his phil-
lipics against Lusius Sergius Cataline
because the latter had violated Cic-
ero's niece who was a Vestal Virgin
and not because of any deep political
cleavage. This is the sort of inter-
pretation common to Plutarch who,
for instance, lays the feud between
Themistocles and Aristides to a
youthful and mutual romance with
the beautiful Stesilaus. Thus the
subjectire role as a determinant in
the a Aairs of men is dealt with at
seie length.
Critics have regarded Plutarch's
statesmen and generals as archetypes
of all Mankind rather than of espe-
cially notable characters. If Alci-
Liades is a figure of unusual interest

our office today to interview seniors
interested in their company. Those
interested should call Bureau of Ap-
pointments, University Ext. 371, for
City of Detroit Civil Service an-
nouncements for the following exam-
inations have been received in our
office. Chemistry Aid, $2,149 to $2,-
348 per year, Junior Publicist, $2,-
760 a year, Intermediate Publicist,
$3,450, Junior Social Economist, $2,-
484 to $2,760, Intermediate Social
Economist, $3,164 to $3,450, Junior
City Planner, $2,415 to $2,760, and
Intermediate City Planner, $3,036 to
$3,450. For further informatiop stop
in at 201 Mason Hall, Bureau of
La Sociedad Hispanica offers two
fifty dollar scholarships (plus tui-
tion) to the University of Mexico
Summer School.uStudents interested
must apply through Professor Mer-
cado, in 302 Romance Languages be-
fore May 15.
University Lecture: Mr. R. H.
Markham, member of the staff of the
Christian Science Monitor and for-
mer Deputy Director of the Office of
War Information, will lecture on the
subject "Post-War Prospects in the
Balkans" at 7 p.m. tonight in the
Rackham Amphitheater, under the
auspices of the Department of Soci-
ology. The public is cordially invited.
Academic Notices
Directed Teaching, Qualifying Ex-
amination: All students expecting to
do directed teaching next term are
required to pass a qualifying exami-
nation in the subject in which they
expect to teach. Ths examination
will be held on Saturday, May 12, at
7:30 a.m. Students will meet in the
auditorium of the University High
School. The examination will con-
sume about four hours' time; prompt-
ness is therefore essential.
Eng. 107, Sec. 2: The remaining
mid-Semester bluebooks can be ob-
tained from Mrs. Welsch in the Eng-
lish Office.
Eng. 2, Sections 4 and 32: 'Those
students who have not yet received
their research papers can get them
in the envelope on the office floor of
3220 AH.
Econ. 121, Labor I: Class will not
meet Friday, May 11. Z. C. Dickin-
Speech 31: Professor Owen's 8,
CWT, class will meet in the Kellogg
Auditorium in the Dental School on
Friday, May 11.
Doctoral Examination for Hui Lan
Yeh, Biological Chemistry; thesis:
"Studies of the Proteins of the Tung
Nut (A. Fordii)", Friday, May 11,
313 West Medical, 9 a.m. Chairman,
H. B. Lewis.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members of
the faculties and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend this examina-
tion, and he may grant permission
to those who for sufficient reason
might wish to be present.
Sixteenth Annual Exhibition of
Sculpture of the Institute of Fine
Arts: In the Concourse of the Michi-
gan League Building. Display will be
on view daily until Commecement.
Twenty-Second Annual Exhibition
by the Artists of Ann, Abor and
vicinity: In the Mezzanine Exhibition
Rooms of the Rackham Building
daily, except Sunday, 2 to 5 and 7
to 10 pxr. The public is cordially

"Krishna Dancing with. the Milk-
maids" an original Rajput brush
drawing with studies of the hands in
crayon. Also examples of Indian fab-
rics. Auspices, the Institute of Fine
Arts. May 14 through May 26; Mon-
day-Friday, 1-4; Saturday, 9-11,
CWT. Alumni Memorial Hall, Rm. B.
Events Today
Tea at the International Center,
every Thursday, 3-4:30 p.m. Faculty,
foreign students, and their American
friends are cordially invited.
Inter-Guild Inventory: Rev. W. P.
Lemon will speak on "The Presbyter-
ian Approach to Protestant Action"
today at 3 in Lane .Hall. All Guild
members ar'e invited to attend.
The Regular Thursday Evening
Record Concert will be held in the
Ladies Lounge of the Rackham Buil-
ding at 6:45 p.m. The program will
include the Double Concerto, by
Bach; the Emperor Concerto, by
Beethoven; and Symphony No. 7, by
Schubert. All Graduate Students are
cordially invited to attend this con-
Coming Events




I THE SUBSTANTIAL rise in Euro- and iam he is also a person whose
pean disease rates reported by the I magnanimity is to be emulated and
UNRRA is not surprising in the light whose sensuality is to be eschewed.
of the fact that most European peo- o
ples have been underfed during the b theuiveri s s
German occupation. Undermined by bhmo l and the timelessness of its
along period of malnutrition, it is thnm', Pluatarch, even if his facts
a lng erid f mlnuriion itiswere somewhat inaccurate, would
only to be expected that 12 continen- still be a favorite. This is true for
tal European countries should report !uhlhefaore s truhator
slightly more than three times the mchnte smreasoTh thytide
pre - war cerebrospinal meningitis continue to read Thucydides al-
irate, two and a half times the a- though his cardinal sin was to ex-
mount of poliomyelitis, half again as aggerate the importance of a war
much typhoid fever, twice as much we no longer consider so decisive.
dysentery, three times as much diph- The full title of this book is "The
theria, and three times as much scar- Parallel Lives of Famous Greeks and
let fever. Romans". Students-and not a few
Yet, faced with these figures, let- historians like Spengler and Toyn-
ters to the editor recently published bee-tend to lump the whole of an-
in a leading weekly news magazine tiquity into one epoch. We some-
cried out against continued shipment times forget that approximately as
of food to Europe, against denying ; many years separated Plato from
ourselves the pre-war surplus of meat Homer as separate us from Plato. We
and dairy products. One writer gave do not have the proper sense of mul-
as her reason that in sharing our tiple emergence about the Renais-
wealth with the starving peoples of st nce be'ause too often the propen-
Europe, we would be betraying the sity is to think that what was re-
men who have given up their lives vived was cut from a monolith. It
in this war. But the men who fought was not-and yet, in a sense, of
in the hope of establishing a perma- course, it was. For, with all the di-
nen peace certainly could not be- ver sity of intervening ages, there was
grudge the shipping of food to the an essential sameness about the ones
people they struggled to free. Plutarch examined.
Furthermore, we cannot expect A strong temptation exists to ex-
constructive peace programs from tend Plutarch's parallels and include
the twisted minds of a sickly, dis- some prominent people of our day.
sease-ridden people. Restoring Eur- Norman Cousins did a very interest-
ope's starving millions to health is ing piece of work recently that show.-
necessary to the establishment of ed the correspondence between Gre-
an enduring peace. If to do so ce in decline and your divided world
causes us to tighten our belts a of thi west. One civilization con-
little, it is a cheap price to pay for suiied itself in internecine warfare.
the years we have gone well fed The other is in the process of accom-
and comfortable while they starved. plisbing that end.
-Marjorie Mills At any rate, it is easy to use

PREDICTIONS of things to come
fellow-columnist Pearson's stuff):
gest factor in causing unemployment
war will be lack of jobs.

(to steal
The big-
after the


Lifting of the racing ban reminds us of the
story of the women who bet on a race horse
because it was so aTracktive.
The brownout is now out and Ann Arbor
merchants and theatres have turned on their
neon lights again-that is all except the old
Majestic theatre which will be perpetually
brownouted we hope.
Overstuffed gory Goering surrendered yester-
day claiming that Hitirr had wanted to execute
him. Maybe the Allies should gant the Feur-
er's last wish.


They can't make those trumpedf
up charges stick, ra boy. I'veN'
got public opinion on my side.

"A tip on the whereabouts -
of O'Malley led the F.B.I. _
to stumble upon a ring of -

I thought the guy was O'Malley
when he ran away. But the bag
he dropped was full of heroin-

By Crockett Johnson
... came upon the body
of a murdered man..

Plutarch's "dramatic personae" al-
most hichange -ably with a twen-
tieth century cat. Everyone, for
example, remembers the general
Sjection to Henry Wallace as a
C: hidepreienial candidate last
Jul-rasedby such punditical

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