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May 03, 1945 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-05-03

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VOL. LV, No. 137 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, MAY 3, 1945.

PRICE FIVE CENTS

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Nazi CapitalFalls
In HistoricB
Soviet Communique Reports Suicide
Of Hitler and Goebbels During Struggle
By The Associated Press
LONDON, May 2-Berlin, greatest city of the European continent and
capital of Adolf Hitler's blood-drenched empire, fell to the Russians at
3 p. m. today after 12 clays of history's deadliest street fighting.
Seven thousand German troops were captured in the final cleanup.
As the remnants of the shocked garrison laid down its arms, Premier Stalin
announced in an order of the day broadcast from Moscow tonight.
Adolf Hitler and Paul Joseph Goebbels committed suicide as Berlin
fell in ruins about them, the Soviet communique which immediately

U .S Opposes
Argentina
Delegates Side Against
Latin-American Wish
By The Associated Press
SAN FRANCISCO, May 2.-Latin
American desires to give Argentina
an official post in the United Nations
Conference ran tonight into dead set
opposition from the United States.
United States delegates, it was
learned, have taken the stand that
the South American neighbor, a late
entry into the war,''ought to prove
she can be a "goodneighbor" before
she gets anything more than bare
admission to the conference.
The U.S. stand became evident
while Russia was throwing her sup-
port toward a voting formula which
would prevent a bloc of 21 American
republics (including Argentina) from
swaying conference decisions.
The Big Three leaders-Secretary
of State Stettinius, Foreign Minister~
Eden of Britain and Soviet Commis-
sar Molotov-met for an hour and
three quarters today and it was re-
ported that voting procedure was
one of the problems before them.
Measles Hits San
Francisco Parley
SAN FRANCISCO, May 2.- (P)---
Measles broke out today in the Unit-
ed Nations conference, but health
authorities reassured against any
danger of quarantine.
"Measles is too light a disease for
such a heavy conference,"' said Dr.
J. C. Geiger, city health director.
Here, it's a reportable, but not quar-
antinable, disease."
The measles diagnosis was in the
case of Charles Ritchie, an adviser
to the Canadian delegation.

followed the order of the day said,
quoting Dr. Hans Fritsche, the
propaganda minister's lieutenant.
The Russians said Fritsche was
captured as Berlin fell to the Red
Army and that he told his captors
that a General Krebs also took his
life with the two high Nazis.
The order also listed as command-
er of Berlin an artillery general nam-
ed Webling and said he was among
those captured.
Stalin's order was his third of the
day. He had built up to the
climactic fall of Berlin with
Moscow 'Celebrates
MOSCOW, May 2.-(IP)-Moscow
went delirious with joy tonight
over news of the fall of Berlin.
The Peopleilaughed and cried
and babbled. incoherently. They
shcuted, they bowed in prayer,
they hugged and kissed one an-
other. They danced and they sang
and they revelled in the news-for
to most of them, apparently, the
long awaited fall of Berlin meant
that the end of this war which has
brought them such suffering was
in sight.
orders announcig the death or
capture of 120,000 Germans
since April 24 with complete de-
struction of the German Ninth
Army southeast of Belin, and the
capture of Germany's last import-
ant Baltic port, Rostock, in a 44-
mile drive by the Second White
Russian Army.
For the conquest of Berlin his proc-
lamation called for the top Moscow
victory salute of 24 salvos from 324
cannon in tribute to the armies that
took Berlin: the First White Russian
and First Ukrainian.
Thus fell the once-mighty capital
which Stalin described as "the center
of German imperialism and heart of
German aggression," and which Ilit-
ler had proclaimed as the seat of his
"thousand-year Reich" empire--the
empire that in less than six years died
as it had been born, in blood and suf-
fering.

Dr. MacLean
CATS Grads.
66 Men Will Be
Honored Saturday
Dr. Malcolm S. MacLean, recently
back from the Mediterranean and
Pacific theaters where he did mili-
tary government work as a Navy
commander, will deliver the com-
mencement address at the gradua-
tion of 66 Army and Navy officers of
the Civil Affairs Training School to
be held at 10 a. m. EWT (9 a. m.
CWT), Saturday, in the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre.
]ield Academic Posts
The first naval officer to have grad-
uated from the School of Military
Government at Charlottesville, Va.,
Dr. MacLean, a graduate of this
University in 1916, held academic
posts at Northwestern, Minnesota and
Wisconsin, prior to becoming presi-
dent of Hampton Institute, Va. He
also served as chairman of the Fair
Employment Practices Committee
during the early years of the war.
Dr. Ruthven, Dr. W. F. Ramsdell
and Col. Stephen A. Park, director
and associate director of the CATS,
will also participate in the gradua-
tion ceremony.
Two Are WAC's
The 66 officers, two of whom are
members ofethe WAC have finished
an intensive six month course in
which they have been given a speak-
ing and reading knowledge of the
Japanese language and have been ac-
quainted with the customs and insti-
tutions of the Japanese people. They
have also received special training in
police work, public safety, health,
general administration, legal and
financial work, supply; transporta-
tion, communication, industry, com-
merce, public relations and educa-
tion.
Most of the graduates will be sta-
tioned at a West coast staging area
and some will go on duty directly in
the Pacific.
Wolverine Derailed ,38
Injured, Engineer Killed
ROCHESTER, N.Y., May 2.--
The locomotive and ten cars of the
Wolverine, crack Chicago-New York
flier, were derailed today, killing {he
engineer and injuring 38 persons.
Wants TlF oin ip
NEW YORK, May 2-(A)-William
Sheppard, 29, of Queens, who recov-
ered his sight only a few months ago
after being blind for 21 years, wants
to join the army.

.4: n

Axis Troops Yield in Heart of Alps
Exposing Remaining South Flanks

German High Command To Surrender
Today to American, British Leaders
By The Associated Press
ROME, May 2-Nearly 1,000,000 German and Italian Fascist
troops made the first unconditional surrender of the war in Europe today,
yielded without a shot the mountainous heart of the Nazis' "national
redoubt" in the Alps and exposed the south flank of the fragments that
remain.
Gen. Heinrich Von Vietinghoff-Scheel planned to come out of the
Alps tomorrow to give up with his staff to Field Marshal Sir Harold Alex-
ander, the Allied commander, or to Gen. Mark Clark, commander of
the 15th army group in Italy.
The surrender swept clean of resistance all northern Italy and Western
Austria up to and including Salzburg Province and its capital of the same
name, which was the eastern bastion of the Alpine retreat.
Thus the Allied armies of the south were free to march unopposed to

SIR HAROLD ALEXANDER
... Allied Mediterranean head.
Allied Advances
Set New Tempo
In Pacifc War
By The Associated Press
The Pacific War moved at light-
ning speed today (Thursday) with
Allied military might beiig thrown
against the Japanese in two new in-
vasions while American forces regis-
tered important gains on widely sep-
arated island fronts.
Action Stepped Up
Official reports recited these ev-
ents:
Veteran Australian troops were on
Borneo, one of Japan's richest con-
quest prizes.
British forces invaded the Rangoon
sector of Burma and trapped a Jap-
anese army.
American doughboys pushed to the
edge of Davao, strategic port city in
the southeast Philippine.
Doughboys and Marines on bloody
Okiam w< slugged ahead against fur-
ious Japanese resistance.
U.S. Pacific fleet submarines bagged
21 more Japanese ship .
MacArthur Confirms
The invasion of Borneo by Austral-
ian troops and the drive of American
troops on Davao City were reported
in Gen. Douglas MacArthur's com-
niunique. The Borneo operation was
reported previously by Australian
and Japanese sources.
y Festial;

within 10 miles of Berchtesgaden, wh
* * * (
Allied Troops
Congratulated
By Alexander
Says Nazis Ended
In Complete Rout
By The Associated Press
ROME, May 2.-Field Marshal Sir
Harold L. Alexander, Supreme Allied
commander in the Mediterranean,
announced the mass surrender in
Italy today, and in an order of the
day to his troops declared, "You have
won a victory which has ended in the
complete and utter rout of the Ger-
man armed forces in the Mediter-
ranean" and freed Italy.
"Today remnants of a once-proud
army have laid down their arms to
you . . . close to a million men with
all their arms, equipment and im--
pedimenta," Alexander said.
But even as the sirens screamed
and jubilant celebrations were start-
ed a grim warning of the bitter fight-
ing that still was ahead on the other
side of the world was sounded by
Gen. Joseph T. MNarney, comman-
der of the American forces in the'
Mediterranean, who said that not
"until the last foe-Japan-is crush-
ed" will "freeclozn loving men and
women be able to enjoy lasting
peace."
Scandinavian
N 4azis Hold On
Doenitz Urges Battle
In Norway, Detumark
LONDON, May 2.-(,4)-Hopeis for
a bloodless liberation of Norway and
Denmark faded tonigt as German
military commanders in those two
Nazi-occupied countries called on
their troops for a fight to the end
under Admiral Doenitz, self-an-
nounced successor to Adolf Hitler.
While neither mentioned Doenitz
by name both denied Stockholm re-
ports that they were ready to discuss
capitulation.
A showdown between factions led
Vy Admiral Doenitz, ruthless German
U-boat leader who proclaimed his
ascendancy to Hitler's job yesterday
shortly after the German radio told
of the Fuehrer's death, and Gestapo
chief Heinrich Himmler' appeared to
be developing.
While Dr. Werner Bec, Himinler's
man in Denmark, had been reported
openly toying with a plan to evacu-
ate the country, Col.-Gen. Georg
Lindemann, commander of military
forces there, bluntly declared: "I
have not carried out any negotiations
at all, leasi, of all about any capitula-
tion."
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today First concert of the May
Festival will be held at

ere Hitler had his mountain hideout
Sand which being in Bavaria is not
included in the surrender order.
Gen. Eisenhower in Paris told his
armies to keep on pressing south,
mopping-up all resistance, although
the surrender order yielded up the
chief objectives of his U. S. Seventh
Army and part of those of the U. S.
Third, which was closing on Salz-
burg.)
The surrender documents, ending
the bloody two and one-half-year
Italian campaign, were signed Sunday
at the Royal Palace at Caserta, near
Naples, and became effective at 12-
noon (8 a. m., Eastern War Time) to-
day.
Two German plenipotentiaries sign-
ed for Germany in the presence of
American, British and Russian offic-
ers.
Approximately 20,000 square
miles of German-held territory in-
cluding All of northern Italy to the
Isonzo River in the northeast and
the Austrian provinces of Vorarl-
berg, Tyrol, Salzburg and parts of
Carinthia and Styria were surrend-
ered to the Allies.
The action not only uncovers the
southern approaches to Germany bat
lops off the southwestern end of the
so-called German "national redoubt"
and turns the right flank of CoL. Gen.
Von Lehr, commanding enemy troops
in the Trieste area and northern
Yugoslavia. New Zealand troops of
the British Eighth Army and forces
of Marshal Tito's Yugoslav army al-
ieady have joined 14 miles northwest
of Trieste which has been occupied
by the Yugoslavs.
Even before the official announce-
ment was made public German radios
were heard broadcasting the sur-
render order to the few Nazi troops
still holding out in Italy or fleeing for
their lives toward Austria.
Laval Flee to
Spaim , _nterned
M-ADRTD, May 2.--P- Former
Fren(Ji Premier Pierre Laval, under
death sentence in France as a Nazi
collaborationist, fled to Spain today
and was swiftly interned for disposi-
tion by the Allies.
The chief of the Vichy government,
during the days of Hitler supremacy
and his minister of education, Abel
Bonrard, were ordered placed in a,
fortress near Barcelona by General -
issimo Francisco Franco when they
refused to leave Spain immed-ately
after landing from Germany in a
JU-88.

Tells Armies

To Fight O1
By The Associated Press
PARIS, Thursday, May 3.- The
vaunted Nazi southern redoubt van-
ished yesterday in a German surren-
der to Allied forces in Italy, but Gen.
Eisenhower commanded his western
front armies to fight on south until
the last ember of enemy resistance is
snuffed out.
Simultaneously, the northern
pocket was split into three seg-
ments by a British drive to the
Baltic that overwhelmed the port
of Luebeck-where Himmler tried
to sue for peace-and by n Amer-
ican junction with the Russians on
the Elbe 60 miles northwest of fall-
en Berlit.
A field dispatch declared the will to
fight had gone out of the Gprman
armies of the north. and that the
end of fighting might come in hours
or at the most in days in the opinion
of Allied commanders.
The abrupt capitulation by the
German command in northern Italy
and western Austria wiped out all
the so-called Nazi "national redoubt"
with the exception of one corner of
Pavaria, and this was under assault
by both the 11 ' Third and Seventh
Armies.
A. Supreme Headquarters spokes-
man:aid Eisenhower's forces would
kee right on mopping up through
Jlava ria--which was niot- included
hi the Germnii surrender--and the
Aus~tria i provinces of the 'Tyrol
and SaIzburg-which were surren-
dered and which formed the moun-
tainous backbone of the redoubt.
The U.S. Third and Seventh Arm-
ies raced 20 to 30 miles through
cracking enemy lines, ,nd virtually
conpleted the subjugation of Ba-
varia.
In the final hours of a dying Reich,
the Seventh Army flushed the big-
gest military captive taken yet-
Field Marshal Karl von Rundstedt,

Pina, Orinandy
Choral Union A

Wil

Open

_NI

nnounces 67th Fall Series

Traditional climax of the musical
season for Ann Arbor and the Uni-
versity, the May Festival will open its
fifty-second annual concert series
with the performance of Ezio Pinza,
Metropolitan basso, and the Philadel-

cha Heifetz, Artur Schnabel, Jennie
Tourel and Alexander Uninsky, ac-
cording to Dr. Charles A. Sink, pres-
ident of the University Musical So-
ciety. Four orchestras: the Chicago
Symphony, Boston Symphony and
Cleveland Orchestra, all of which
wereheard on this year's series, and
the Detroit Symphony Orchestra,
Karl Krueger, conductor, are includ-
ed in the series.
Preceding the program, concert-
goers will hear several carillon
selections, by Prof. Percival Price.
His recital will include the Andante
from Haydn's "Surprise Sym-
phony," five sacred airs from "A
Guide to Hymn Playing on 23 bell
Carillons," his own composition,
"Sonata for 30 Bells" and the fol-
lowing Russian folk songs: "Dark
Eyes," "Field, my Field," "Peace"
and "Kalinka."
Italian-born Pinza, known as "the

zart Don for the first time, at the
Met. on Nov. 29, 1929, the opera
had not been performed there for
21 years. Since that time he has
sung nearly 75 performances of the
opera In this country alone.
The monologue, farewell and death
scene from Moussorgsky's "Boris Go-
dunov," story of Tsar Ivan the Terri-
ble, will be sung by the famous basso.
The death of Boris, one of the most
Poignant in operatic literature, marks
the close of the opera.
Appearing on the entire Festival
series for the tenth consecutive year,
the Philadelphia Orchestra brings to
the Ann Arbor stage a group of un-
usual in its youthfulness, yet old in its
history which dates back to 1757.
The Overture to Weber's "Der
Freischutz," will be the orchestra's
opening number.
The Haydn "Symphony No. 88 in
G major" which the orchestra will

Symphony Orchestra for its Vic-
tory concert. MacArthur and Mr.
Ormandy made the agreement last
year when the conductor visited

INSTALLATION NlIIT;
Program To F eature Alumna's
Talk ont Overseas Experience
( ) - ____________9____

A talk by Miss Mary Hayden, '42,
who has recently returned from 28
months' overseas service with the
American Red Cross will highlight
tbc,, 1vaorlitiona Installation Nirht

den also served in Scotland and
Normandy. She went to Normandy
in July, 1944, and from there she-
was sent by the Red Cross to Bel-
gium, Holland, and Germany.

f

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