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May 01, 1945 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-05-01

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WEATHER
Partly Cloudy
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VOL. LV, No. 135 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN TUESDAY, MAY 1, 1945
RedBanneruneReic

PRICE FIVE CENTS
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'Nazi Forces in Italy Virtually Eliminated'

- Clark

Fifth Finds
Turin Seized
By Patriots
German Divisions
Ripped to Shreds
By The Associated Press
ROME, April 30-German armies
in Italy have been "virtually elimi-
nated as a military force"'by the shat-
tering onslaught of th Allies, Gen.
Mark W. Clark announced tonight
as American Fifth Army troops
marched into the great arseal city
of Turin and found it already in the
hands of Italian patriots.
Gen. Clark, commander of the 15th
Army group, declared that the long,
bitter campaign which began on the
shell-swept beaches at Salerno in
Sept., 1943, had ended except for
mopping up scattered Nazi resist-
ance.
120,000 Prisoners Taken
More than 120,000 German prison-
ers and tremendous quantities of arms
and equipment have been swept up in
the maelstrom set off by the British
Eighth Army 22 days ago and joined
by the American Fifth Army a week
later.eTwenty-five Nazi divisions
hay ebeen ripped to shreds.
"The military power of Germany in
Italy has practically ceased, even
though scattered fighting may con-
tinue as remnants of the German ar-
mies are mopped up," said General
Clark, Commander of the 15th Army
group, in a statement to correspond-
ents at his commiand post.
Eighth Drives Across Piave
British Eighth Army Forces, sweep-
ing beyond . captured Venice, drove
across the Piave river at a point only
74 miles by highwyy from Trieste
around the lhad'of the Adriatic Sea.
Elements of the American 91st Divi-
sion and South African Armored For-
ces captured Treviso, north of Ven-
ice, and British troops seized an im-
portant bridge across the Piave near
Nervesa. The veteran U. S. First
Armored Division captured more than
.2,000 prisoners In the past 24 hours,
including four German major gen-
erals.
Escape Route Cut
Units of the American 10th Moun-
tain Division, leading the pursuit of
enemy remnants through the Alps
toward the Brenner Pass, crossed
Lake Garda in storm boats and cap-
tured Benito Mussolini's former villa
on the west shore at Garganano.
They then cut one of the few escape
roads left to Brenner Pass. The only
report of German resistance was in
that area.
McKim Takes
Advisor Post
Truman Aid Becomes
Executive Assistant
WASHINGTON, April 30-(P)-Big
Ed McKim who followed President
Truman as a soldier and as a politi-
cal campaigner, became his chief ad-
ministrative assistant today.
The 49-year old Omaha, Neb., in-
surance executive was sworn in for
the $10,000 job by Justice William O.
Douglas of the Supreme Court. The
oath was administered at the same
time to John W. Snyder, St. Louis
Banker, as Federal Loan Admini-
strator and Edwin W. Pauley of Cali-
iornia as American member of the
Reparations Commission with the
rank of Ambassador.
The 184 pound McKim, six feet one
inch tall, has been serving President
Truman unofficially since his old bat-
tery commander entered the White

House April 12.
He had told reporters he planned
to return to Omaha where he was
Executive Vice-President of the News-
paper Division of the Mutual Benefit
Health and Accident Association.
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today Registration for Blood

PANHEL CONVENTION:
Traditional Scholarship
PrizesA warded to Coeds.

More than 900 affiliated women
were present at the Panhellenic Con-
vention last night at Rackham audi-
torium, witnessing the traditional
awarding of scholarship and activity
prizes.
A. E. Phi Takes Scholarship Cup
Top scholastic award, presented by
Registrar Ira Smith, went to Alpha
Epsilon Phi who received the Schol-
arship Cup. Second place went to
Delta Gamma and third to Kappa
Kappa Gamma.
The sororities making the highest
grades for the past semester were
also given acknowledgement. High-
est was Kappa Kappa Gamma with
Delta Gamma second and Pi Beta
Phi third.
A. D. Pi Honored
Alpha Delta Pi was awarded the
top place in war activities. Indivi-
dual awards went to Mavis Ken-
nedy, senior, Bev Wittan junior, and
Joan Wilk, sophomore. Miss Ken-
nedy is a member of Delta Delta
Delta and Woman's Editor of the
Daily. Miss Wittan isar member
of Sigma Delta Tau and has been act-
ive in League activities. Miss Wilk
WMC Aga* st
Bomber Plant
Hour Change
DETROIT, April 30--(/P-The big
Willow Run bomber plant operated
one eight-hour shift today, but
whether it will continue on a 40-
hour schedule as announced by the
Ford Motor Company apparently is
Set to be determined.
The company announced the
change from two 45-hour work week
schedules to spread work remain-
ing at the plant among as many as
possible of the approximately 15,000
workers on the employment rosters.
The Regional War Manpower Com-
mission, however, said it would not
approve the change.
Today Edward L. Cushman, State
WMC Director, said the Ford Com-
pany had advised him it would "re-
main in compliance with WMC reg-
ulations," and added that while the
eight hour day would be retained,
"unless the Ford Motor Company
has convinced the WMC by the end
of the week that the 40-hour week is
desirable, it will call the workmen in
on Saturday."
The company inadeno comnfl~1t.
Cushman said his denial of a'n
earlier request by the company for
approval of the reduction in hours
was based on the need for filling 20,-
000 essential job openings in the De-
troit area and the fact that to date
neither the War Production Board
nor the Ford Motor Company has
indicated definite plans for the con-
tinued use of Willow Run.
Conin11 i~t_1is s in
In French Elections
PARIS, April 30. -('P-The com-
mnist prty won a sweeping victory
in yesterday's French municipal e: -
tions, the tabulation of more than
15,000,000 3otes show vxa today, ba
political analysts were cautious abo
contei7mg that the natlno as a whose
.ad "gne communis.

is assistant chairman of Soph Pro
ject and a Junior Night Editor on
the Woman's Staff of the Michigan
Daily.
Introduced by Jean Gaffney, gen-
eral chairman of the function, Dean
Alice Lloyd gave a talk on "The New
Challenge to Sorority Leadership."
Results of the formal rushing were
given by Peg Laubengayer, Panhel-
ienic President and Jo Livermore,
Panhellenic Rushing Secretary. Out
of the 732 coeds signing up for rush-
ing, 336 were pledged, said Miss Liver-
more,
Kappa Kappa Gamma, winner of
the 1944 Sing Sup sang "Drink to
Those Kappa Memories."
Munich Falls
To Triumphant
.U.S. Seventh
Organized Resistance
Is Largely Crushed
By The Associated Press
PARIS, Tuesday, May 1.-Munich,
birthplace of the Nazi movement and
the third greatest city of Germany,
fell last night to the triumphant U.S.
Seventh Army after a short but sav-
age one-day battle.
Gen. Jacob L. Devers, commander
of the Sixth Army group, hailed the
fall of Munich as the accomplish-
mient of one principal objective of
his Army group and declared. "It
may well affect the final stages of
the war to a degree second only to
the fall of Berlin."
All organized resistance was crush-
ed in the three-quarters of Munich
lying west of the Isar River and to-
day doughboys were crossing the
stream to clear cut snipers from the
final quarter.
Plunge into Alps
More than 50 miles south of this
reputed northern citadel of the Naz-
is' last-stand fortress in the Alps,
other Seventh Army tanks and in-
fantry plunged into the Bavarian
Alp 12 miles northwest of Inns-
bruck at the northern end of the
Brenner Pass, imperiling the entire
German position in the west third
of the redoubt.
Amid reports that the Germans
were trying to negotiate final su:
render, Gen. Eisenhower's armtis
hammered aheadin both the north
and south.
Two New Junctins
The U.S. First and Ninth Armies
made two new junctions with the
Russians on the Elbe southwest of
Berlin and were about to snap shut
a trap on large numbers of the capi-
tal's defenders farther north.
The U.S. 82nd Airborne Division,
fighting as part of the British Seconil
Army, forced a second crossing of the
Elbe River in the Hamburg sector
and Ciove north about two miles.
The British in their own bridge-
head 20 miles east of Hamburg wre
at least six miles beyond the river
and were 25 miles south of Lueeck,
whose fall would seal off the north
German province of Schleswig-Hol-
stein as well as Denmark.
The U.S. Third Army seized con-
t ol of 60 miles of the Isar Rive:
ortheast of Munich, cross -1 it at
'.4ree points, and armored "mns
fcught 65 miles north of oalzbur ,
eastern anchor of the redoubt.

Stalin Says Final
Assault Underway
Soviets Celebriatet Vietorious May Day;
Germans Say Capital 'As Good As Lost'
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Tuesday, May 1.-The Soviet banner of victory floated over
the gutted shell of the German Reichstag in Berlin today and Red Army
troops were splitting the remaining defenders in what Premiers Stalin
formally described as "the last assault".
Stalin, in a special order of the day, said that the Russians were
celebrating this May Day "under conditions of the victorious termination
of the great patriotic war."

GERMAN SS WOMEN BURY THEIR VICTIMS AT BELSEN-German
SS women are forced to work under guard of armed British tommies
at Belsen concentration camp, Germany, bruying in a common grave
hundreds of bodies of their former prisoners, who were killed by pro-
longed and brutal mass mistreatment and neglect. This is a British
official photo.
VENGEFUL PATRIOTS:
Mussolini Killed by Partisans;
Graziani Reported Executed

By The Associated Press
MILAN, April 30-A rude wooden
coffin in the Milan morgue tonight
held the reviled and misshapen body
of Benito Mussolini, while Italian
partisans in numerous demonstra-
tions paid homage to their own pa-
triot dead.
There were conflicting reports on
the fate of Marshal Rodolfo Graziani.
Unofficial word received at National
Liberation Committee headquarters
said the former Chief of Staff at the
Italian army had been tried by par-
tisans and executed. Another report
said he had been taken into custody
by an American officer shortly before
the trial started and removed to Al-
lied headquarters.
Demonstrations in Milan
Demonstrations continued in Milan
during the day as funerals were held
for patriots who were killed in the
revolt last week.
However, the prefect of the Milan
region, acting upon instructions by
the Italian Government and Allied
military authorities ,issued ai procla-
mation ordering immediate cessation
of summary judgments and arbitrary
executions. Violators of the order
were warned that "Italian and AMG
authorities will adopt extremely se-
vere measures."
Tihe bodies of Mussolini, 61-year-
AnliSemitism
Discussed by
Emily.Newcomb
"Hitler has proven that it is pos-
sible to educate against anti-Semi-
tism through literature by burning
the books which have attempted to
do just this service," Prof. Emily
Newcomb of the English department
of Wayne University stated in an
address given last nightat the Hillel
Foundation on the topic "Education
Against Anti-Semitism Through Lit -
erature".
Literature which will fight anti-
Semitism must present a broa i'r
picture of the Jew instead of just
harping t--n certain types such as the
immigrant, the vic m of a concen-
tration cai. p, the money seeker or
the philos)iher, Prof. Newcomb said.
Another good form for such litera-

old former dictator and Fascist lead-
er; his beautiful young mistress, Clar-
etta Petacci; and 17 of his Fascist
followers were removed to the morgue
today reportedly at the request of
Cardinal Schuster, who had appealed
to the people when Milan was liber-
ated to suspend all cruelty and leave
justice to regular tribunals.
Bodies Mutilated
After Mussolini and his compan-
ions had been shot by partisans near
Como Saturday, the bodies were first
thrown on the ground of the Piazza
Quindici Martin (square of the 15
martyrs, formerly the Piazza Loreta)
where they were kicked and mutilat-
ed.
The executioner, identified only as
a member of.the Communist Caribaldi
Brigade No. 52, was quoted as saying
that Mussolini, as he emerged from
a house where he and Claretta, the
last of his mistresses, had been held
after their capture, turned toward
him and said "I'll offer you an em-
DirOL"
Sculpture Exhibit
ri. ,
WEil Begin iodlay
The sixteenth annual exhibition of
sculpture, under the sponsorship of
the University of Michigan Institute
of Fine Arts will be held in the con-
course of the Lcague today through
June 23.
On dispkty will be 31 scullptires by
21 students working under the Uni-
versity's famed sculptor, Prof. Avard
Fairbanks. In addition, seven studies
by Prof. Fairbanks will be exhibited.
Among these will be "Flag Raising
at Iwo Jima".

Germans Stubborn
An early-morning supplement to
the regular Moscow communique said,
however, that the Germans, now
squeezed into the center of Berlin,
were stubbornly keeping street cross-
ings and houses under heavy fire,
"killing in the process the civilian
population of the city."
Soviet troops were within a mile
of tearing the capital into two isolat-
ed pockets each less than nine square
miles. They hard won the Ministry
of Interior near the Reichstag, were
laying siege to Hitler's underground
fortress in the Tiergarten, were at
Berlin's tiumphal arch, the Branden-
burg gate, and were across the Spree
River from Berlin's cathedral.
Nazis Admit Defeat Imminent
German broadcasts admitted that
the 10-day battle for the devastated
capital was as good as lost, while
Premier Stalin, in a May Day order
of the day, said that the war was
approaching its end and declared:
"The last assault is on."
Stalin said that 1,800,000 Germans
had been killed or captured during
the last three to four months of fight-
ing on the Eastern front. His an-
nouncement meant that 11,540,000
German casualties had been inflicted
by the Red Army in less than four
years of war.
As 9,000 more Nazi troops surrend-
ered in Berlin, raising to 65,500 the
toll of enemy dead and captured in
four days, north of the dying capital
Red Army troops, rolling out mile-
an-hour gains across Mecklenburg
province, seized the Baltic port of
Greifswald and smashed within 42
miles of Rostock. The island-bound
port of Swinemuende was isolated.
Yanks Sweep
To Within 17
Miles of Davao
MANILA, Tuesday, May 1--P)---
Overrunning elaborate gun emplace-
ments, 24th Division doughboys swept
to within 17 miles of Davao city Sun-
day while guerrillas seized five-mile-
long Talikud Island, nine miles off
that big Mindanao port.
Maj..Gen. Roscoe Woodruff's Yanks,
drove 10 miles from Digos up to the
western shore of Davao Gulf against
disorganized resistance, Gen. Douglas
MacArthur reported today.
The extensive system of antiaircraft
positions and intact coastal guns seiz-
ed in the advance indicated the Japa-
nese expected and had prepared for
an assault on Davao Gulf proper. In-
stead, the Americans came overland
from their landing in Moro Gulf.
Lack of opposition on the southern
approaches nonetheless surprised the
Americans.

Himmlef Is
Conferring
In Denmark
British Press Expects
Armistice Overtures
By The Associated Press
LONDON, April 30.- The Free
Press Service in Stockholm said that
Heinrich Himmler conferred in Den-
mark this morning with Count Folke
RErnadotte, the neutral Swedish em-
issary by whom he sent his offer to
surrender Germany to Britain and
the United States last week.
The British Press Association stat-
sd that "there is no longer any doubt
that armistice moves ae in progress
and moving swiftly."
Meet at Aaenraa
The H imler-Be ldd&ote meeting,
said to ha ac taken place at Aabn-
raa just noi th of the Gernan-Dan-
ish border, was belived to be the
second cowaerence of the two men in
two days.
Since it had been officially dis-
closed that last week's surrender
offer by Himmler reached the west-
ern Allies through Bernadotte, re-
ports of a new contact gave rise to
speculation that a new phase in Ger-
man surrender attempts had opened.
First Offer Refused
The first offer was refused because
it was not addressed to Russia as
well as to Britain and the United
States.
There was no indication whether
Himmler was now ready to yield to
all three powers.
In London, British Cabinet minis-
'ers held a long meEting today and
wer ordered to stand by, It was
said that Prime Mmniser Winstoa
Churchill might make a statement
n Commons tomorro g- on undis-
Alosad subject matter.
Admit Defeat
M14-antime, the Hamburg radio de-
,lared that, "Everybody knows thet
this war is drawing to an end with
giant strides," and added:
"The di one of UALte might last
;ome weeks longer. Bat it may end
Tomorrow.
The broadcast, by Dr. Feinz Schar
ping, urged Germans to maintain
'our imner values, our belief in Ger-
many" whatever the outcome.
Sugar Ration
For May Is Cut
Higher Point Value on
Many Foodstuffs Seen
WASHINGTON, April 30-(P)-The
American sugar ration was cut 25 per
cent tonight and higher point values
for some other foodstuffs were hinted
as officials called on the nation to
share with stricken peoples of liber-
ated Europe.
There were these developments:
Judge Samuel I. Roseman, White
House advisor, reported after a sur-
vey of northwest Europe that the
United States should supply a "sub-
stantial share" of civilian needs there.
He said this would probably cut into
American rations, but said it was
necessary to alleviate war-breeding
distress and nrotet the American

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ACREMANT COMEDY:
Cercle Francais Will Present
Ces Dames' TonorrowNight

STILL MORE NEEDED:
May Blood Bank Quota Nearly
Comnpleted b 200 Civilians

Almost 200 civilians signed up yes-
terday for the May Blood Bank, near-
ly filling on the first day of the drive
the campus quota of 230 pints of
blood.
"Campus response to the Blood

been no blood drive in over ten weeks,
all ceivilins are eligible to contribute
now.
Appo tmcncts for bJond donation,
were rmae for the hours between
12:30 and 4:30 p.m. EWT (11:30 and
3:30 CWT) Thursday and Friday,

The performance of "Ces Dames
aux Chapeaux Verts" at 8:30 p.m.
EWT (7:30 o.m. CWT) tomorrow, at

zevski will play opposite her in the
role of Jacques. Shirley Schwartz
will take the part of Telcide.

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