ThT~S~AY, rviAy 1, 1945
.. .. .. .. .
New 'Chutes Not Released'
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CHICAGO . BOSTON - LOS ANGELES SAN FRANCISCO
NIGHT EDITOR: ANNETTE SHENKER
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
IBERALIZING the Dumbarton Oaks agree-
ments and the voting agreements made at
the Yalta Conference were among the com-
mendable results of the mock San Francisco
Conference held Saturday.
We can hardly hope that the same result
will obtain at San Francisco this month, but
at least students from Wayne University and
this University have presented arguments in
favr of the addition of amendments which
will serve to equalize the status of all na-
Voting to amend the voting procedure in the
Security Council, the student delegate from
India proposed, and the delegate from the
Netherlands seconded, a motion to change the
required unanimity between . the permanent
members of the Security Council, the U.S.S.R.,
U.S., Great Britain, China, and France, on rec-
ommendations for economic, diplomatic, or mili-
tary pressures against an aggressor or a potential
aggressor and a two-thirds majority of the
rest of the council to read a three-fourths ma-
jority of the entire Council. The students argued
that no nation should sit in judgment on itself.
The fact that the amendment was proposed
and seconded by members of the so-called small-
er nations and largely opposed by the delegates
from the nations which will become the perma-
nent members is indicative of the natural reac-
tion of the two groups.
One other interesting change, proposed from
the floor, would allow any nation and any indi-
vidual to appeal to the World Court for redress
of grievances. At present only member nations
and nationals of member nations would be al-
lowed to take such action.
Although only seventy-five to one hundred
persons attended the Conference, the discus-
sion from the floor was spirited and intelligent.
The chance that nations may not agree on
issues, but can cooperate in solving the prob-
lems facing a world looking toward the peace is
much smaller. Nevertheless, the Conference
proved that students can think about the peace
in a constructive fashion and are aware, al-
though idealistically so, of the many prob-
lens which beset the world.
S THE WEEK began rumors flew thick and
fast about desertions and mutinies in the
German army and navy, the capture or suicide
of Nazi officials of all raks, the resignation of
the Quisling government in Norway, the death of
Hitler . . . even the unconditional surrender
Most of the rumors remain unconfirmed. But
they may be interpreted as rumblings from the
falling foundations of Nazism. V-E Day ap-
parently is almost at hand.
fhtprcnprgin.r th a rf-nnrtc in the ealumm
By DREW PEARSON
LOS ANGELES-Last week this column dealt
with the refreshing atmosphere of San Fran-
cisco, the manner in which it had built itself
up from the ashes of earthquake defeat; how its
perseverance could serve as an example to
peace-striving, war-weary nations.
This is now vigorously denied by the folks in
Los Angeles. Their city, say my friends of the
Angels, has accomplished much more inspiring
miracles. If the United Nations had held their
conference in Los Angeles insteadof San Fran-
cisco, I am now informed, they would have wrap-
ped up the peace of the world in a neat bundle
decorated with Hollywood stars and been ready
to go home long ago.
Such conflicting views, with ardent argu-
ments on both sides, constituted a tough dilemma
for a columnist. Anyway, this much is defi-
nite: It did pour rain in San Francisco the
day the conference opened.
Correction-Last month this column
stated that the Army was supplying quick-
release parachutes to pilots flying in active
combat, though it had not been able to sup-
ply them for training purposes in the U.S.A.
This statement was based on the official as-
surance of the War Department in Washing-
However, a letter received from the pilot of a
B-29, whose job it is to bomb Tokyo, states:
"I did not know that there were quick-release
types being issued. Ours is a triple-release type
and unsafe if it becomes necessary to release
oneself quickly." The pilot added hat he want-
ed to get some of the quick-release parachute
harness described in this column.
Note-It has now been two years minus two
months since Brig. Gen. Newton Longfellow of
the Eighth Air Force in London first asked the
War Department to supply the quick-release
parachute. The War Department waited three
months before ordering even one, and nine
months before ordering any quantity. Appar-
ently it is still moving at a snail's pace. The
old triple-release harness unbuckles with cum-
bersome slowness, making it very difficult for
a man in the water, in a tree, or being dragged
over the ground by a high wind to get loose
from his parachute.
Watching Watches ...
THE TWO KEY SPOTS to keep your eye on in
the Truman administration are the Justice
and Interior Departments. They are the two
big potentialities for plunder bund. One, Inter-
ior, has charge of the public domain, the big
oil lands ,the grazing rights, the tremendous
power leases of Bonneville Dam, etc. The In-
terior Department was where Warren Hard-
ing came a cropper, and that is where the big
moguls of the West already are angling to get
their man adroitly placed. Justice is even
more important-especially to the city bosses
who put Truman across at Chicago-the Jus-
tice Department which put boss Tom Pendergast
of Kansas City in jail, which has already con-
victed gambling boss Johnson of Chicago, once
a part of the Kelly-Nash machine.
Income Taxes-The decision whether to
prosecute or not to prosecute means life or
death to the big city political machines, and
more than anything else they would like to
have a close pal in the driver's seat as Attorney
General . . . Another key spot in Justice
is the anti-trust division. Scores of big cor-
porations, some of them operating closely with
Germany before the war, would like to have a
"nice" Attorney General in control. The anti-
trust division is a vital key to the whole Ameri-
can business layout after the war. Watch it
Jones' Reaction ..'
BEFORE John Snyder of St. Louis was appoint-
ed Federal Loan Administrator. White House
friends went round to get Jesse Jones' reaction
on various appointees, including Cliff Durr,
Snyder and Emil Schram. Jesse gave a sour
recommendation to Snyder who previously had
worked under him. According to Jones he was
not competent enough for the job. But now
that Snyder has the job, Jesse has been telling
friends that he put him across. Congressman
Pat Drewery of Virginia has finally "dropped"
Miss Edith Holloway as his secretary following
her arrest in Tulsa, Okla., for slurring President
Roosevelt after his death. Miss Holloway caused
an uproar in a Tulsa drugstore the day after
Roosevelt died by announcing that it was a
good thing for the country, and that she was
on her way to see Lew Wentz, Republican na-
- ON S ECOON D
5a T UGU4 . 4
By Ray Dixon
MAY FESTIVAL comes this week. We under-
stand that this means it may rain or it may
tional committeeman for Oklahoma. Miss Hol-
loway, asked for comment, said: "The whole
police force and city administration of Tulsa
should have been cleaned up long ago." What
the secretary of a Democratic Congressman was
doing en route to see one of the leading midwest
Republicans remains a mystery.
General Marshall's crack against lone Con-
gressmen visiting the war front was interpreted
on Capitol' Hill as being aimed at lovely Clare
Luce, Congresswoman from Connecticut who
had been sojourning on the Italian front since
early March. Last winter also, La Belle Luce
visited the Italian front for more than a month.
Mystery of how she got airplane transportation
now seems to have been solved--her friend Gen-
eral Lucian Truscott, commanding general of
ahe Fifth Army in Italy.
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Tne.)
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
NOTES ON SAN FRANCISCO: 1. Whatever
remains of anti-Soviet feeling in America
has been stirred into new life by the San Fran-
cisco conference. It is like a stubbornly-held
idea, which will not die, but persists in coming
up, and up again, in ever-new forms. Our
Soviet-haters have translated the idea that they
are against the Russians into the idea that the
Russians are against the Conference.
And so We have reached the stage at which a
member of the Russian delegation cannot
sneeze in the morning without someone an-
notincing that the prospects of the Conference
have been irreparably damaged thereby. If,
however, another Russian delegate is seen to
smile in the afternoon, then we have a counter-
interpretation, in which we are told that the
effect of the smile has been to wipe out the
effect of the sneeze, and that now maybe the
Conference has a chance, and so on. No other
delegation's utterances are being subjected to
this kid of over-interpretation, and many an
observer is creating the feeling that he does
not in his heart regard Russia as a part of
the Conference, but, rather, as an appendix
to the Conference, perhaps as a problem of
2. The effect is to set the show up as a kind
of sporting contest, Molotov vs. the Conference;
and we have all but come to the stage of
issuing inning-by-inning scores on how the
game is going. Almost every proposal made by
Molotov is considered a blow at the Conference,
quite regardless of its content. His motion that
we should have four rotating chairmen, rather
than one permanent chairman, miay have been
a breach of diplolatic tradition, but in content
it was a coalition proposal, a proposal for a dis-
tribution of power, rather than a grab for power.
But it is not our tendency to consider what the
man said, it is our tendency to consider whether
the man is going to win.
3. The result is to make this seem like a
sick Conference; the observers are forever tak-
ing its temperature, and reporting as to wheth-
er it is dying or getting well.
A hew language has been developed for this
purpose; any proposal not at once accepted
by all the other delegates is a "road block";
any debate longer than instantaneous is a
"deadlock"; any difference, of opinion is "con-
fusion"; and the raising of any question is
considered obstruction of a conference called
for the purpose of answering questions.
This approach is basically frivolous, and it
leads us to ignore really serious matters. The
precise relation between Russia and the west is
a serious matter. In the background, is the
memory of the League, and of Russia's long
years of helpless one-vote isolation in the
League; and in the foreground is the fact that
there have been some changes made in the
world. What we consider Russia's "toughness"
may be only Russia's effort to win formal rec-
ognition of these, historical changes, to see to it
that the new organization of the world accurate-
ly reflects what has happened. To set up a cor-
rect relation between Russia and the West is as
important to us as to Russia.
To reduce this high question to the vulgar
level of pushing and scuffling, as has been
done by some observers at San Francisco,
is to recapture a bit of that original sickness
which made the old league fail, and sent
the world spinning into this war. A reor-
ganization of ideas is going on, and this is
always painful; but it was to be hoped that
more of us would see this in high terms of
historical process, and not speak as if we were
witnessing only a back alley brawl.
(Copyright, 1945, New York Post Syndicate)
THE GOOD WORD has been going around that
the army will start this summer to release
some of their men who have been in uniform
four to five years. In fact, the good word is
official, and plans have been announced to honor
discharge requests of enlisted men 42 and over.
The policy of discharging these veterans is
expected to get underway by mid-summer,
even if German resistence persists, so it sounds
as though the brass hats are optimistic.
By BERNARD ROSENBERG
jJORE SO than in most works of
at, the form and the content of
"To The Lighthouse" are inextric-
ably bound up. Had there been no
semblance of a plot in this too-little-
tread novel of Virginia Woolf's, its
manner of presentation would have'
evoked practically the same feeling
conveyed as the book stands.
On every score. "To The Light-
house" defies facile classification. It
cannot be neatly categorized. Mrs.
Woolf belonged, of course, to the
stream of consciousness writers who
blossomed forth at the turn of the
century and whose influence on fic-
ion remains considerable. But,
whereas she emulated them to a cer-
tain extent, Mrs. Woolf also innovated
and improvised with no mean dex-
terity. The imitators of Proust and
Joyce are legion. It would be a
*ross injustice to include so great an
artist amongst them.
Nor would her work be worthy of
serious consideration were. such a
charge just, for Proust and Joyce
stand supreme in a field of writing
Unlike "Ulysses," in "To The Light-
house" very few Freudian overtones
are discernible (with the prominent
exception of James' Oedipal hatred
of his father) and none of Proustian
metaphorical flamboyance seeps on-
to the pages of this novel.
Aldous Huxley once coined a term
that would not be out of place in
characterizing Virginia Woolf'sj
work: the musicahization of fiction!
-though it will take a better critic
than this one to determine wheth-
er "Mrs. Dalloaway" is really writ-
ten in sonata form. The measured
cadence of delicate, suggestive sen-
tences, however, makes her books
stylistically and hence, aesthetically
masterful, She had a gossamer,
symmetrical quality that bespoke
Yet, disproportion is what invests
"To The Lighthouse" with true orig-
mality. One hundred and eighty six
pages are consumed in unwinding the
events of a single day, twenty-five to
the passage of ten years, and many
more in dealing with one afternoon.
This imbalance somehow seems apt.
Little more needed to be said than
the succint remarks Mrs. Woolf en-
closed in parentheses about people
viewed earlier in the novel and now
no longer on earth-like Prue, An-
thony, and Mrs. Ramsay. The last
of these is the central character of
the novel. Her presence permeates
every line of it from Mr. Ramsay's
exhibition of dependence upon her
to the dominating ascendancy she
exerts even posthumously over old-
maidish Lily Briscoe. We meet her
on page one surrounded by a family
of eight children, a philosopher hus-
band, and a galaxy of variously in-
tellectual or hypersensitive guests-
all gathered at the Ramsay's New
"I have had my vision," says Lily
to end the book, and so have per-
ceptive readers-by means of the
character delineation, which is in
part self-portraiture, given Mrs.f
Ramsay. But, to distil the essence
of her being from the impressions
this woman left upon everyone she
met through the novel itself, is a
task I cannot adequately perform-
if its achievement means reduction
of the contradictoriness inherent in
her nature to prefabricated con-
I do not mean to disparage that
contradictoriness; on the contrary,
it makes her all the more credible
as a fictional character. Mrs. Ram-
say is a composite: she is radiantly
beautiful (and conscious of it;) she
is the mainstayof her husband who
i nevertheless lives in a world apartI
from him; she is gently coercive-at
one point domineering vacuous Paul
Rayley into marriage; she is above
all resourceful and compassionate.
Naturally, all these admirable attri-
butes, mixed with some shortcom-
ings, cause different reactions, norj
nfrequently reactions of hostility and
resentment, but for the most part
she is loved and her absence des-
The thematic strand that knits to-
gether a novel made up otherwise of
extended introspective musings is the
desire of James, the Ramsay's young-
est son, to visit a nearby lighthouse,j
the infelicity of the elements in pre-;
venting this expedition, and the even-j
tual consummation of the desire-
now no longer so great.I
It was Virginia Woolf's design, itj
seems to me, to help explain the
workings of the mind antecendant
to and concomitant with behavior-
and to a much lesser degree the
behavior itself-of people she knew
and, with still more likelihood, to
record in whatever mouth they
were put, thoughts she herself had
had. .She recorded very well, in-
Al Crockett Johnson
'HERE's an old Chinese legend call-
ed "Buying Righteousness". The
story goes something like this:
Long ago there was a Prime Mini-
ster in the Kingdom of Ch'i who
one day sent a note around to all
of his scholarly guests asking one
of them to go to the city of Hsueh
and collect the debts. Feng Hsuan,
a poor man, but a person of great
ability, offered to do the job, and
before he left, the Prime Minister
requested of him that on his journey
he select something of which the
country was lacking and buy it.
Feng Hsuan went to the city of
Hsueh and called out all of the
people, reading an imaginary proc-
lamation from the Prime Minister
announcing that they did not have
to pay their debts. Then he burned
the promissory notes in front of
When he returned to tell the Prime
Minister that he had brought right-
eousness that he had bought of Ch i,
his leader was puzzled. "How can
righteousness be bought?" he asked.
Feng Hsuan answered, "Since you
have in your possession the people of
the city of Hsueh, you ought to have
compassion for them, and should not
make a gain out of them. When I
burned the promissary notes they
were all deeply grateful for your gen-
erosity. This is just the righteous-
ness which I have bought for you.'
To which the Prime Minister answer-
ed, "Alas Sir, go and take a rest." I
A few months later the Prime
Minister went to the city of Hsueh,
and when he saw all the people
coming out to welcome him he said
to himself, "Only today do I see
the merit of the righteousness
which Mr. Feng bought for me.
Like all legends this is a timely tale.
Righteousness now may be bought in
booths and corners all over the world.
The people in India have been hold-
ing a "sale" on it for quite some time.
The price?-their freedom.
European countries whose resources
have been sapped, by the war, and
whose cities have been destroyed by
bombs will hold their "end of the
war clearance sale" soon. Righteous-
ness will be sold for the price of the
lend-lease materials we can continue
to send them after "the minute that
the war is over" (Senator Robert
Taft of Ohio notwithstanding).
The Jews have been selling right-
eousness for years. All they ask is
a land to live in. The price of their
product?-a Palestine that those who
wish to may enter freely. It would-
n't cost us much to let Britain know
that we think the White Paper
should be abrogated, and it wouldn't
cost Britain much to abrogate it.
And the Nisei are advertising pro-
fusely their "bargain on righteous-
ness." The price they have placed
upon their product?-acceptance into
society and the right to live and make
a living as the true Americans which
they are. How much does it cost us
to be tolerant?
Righteousness is probably the
most widely offered commodity on
the market. Perhaps the reason
for the abundance of supply is be-
cause so few people buy it. Yet its
price is so small, and one gains so
much-gets such a "bargain"-,
from its purchase.
OLD CHINESE LEGEND:
P 'eliasing RI~glteotisns-s
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
TUESDAY, MAY 1, 1945
VOL. LV, No. 15
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
Ietii is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 2:30 p. m. of te day
preceding publication (10:30 a. m. Sat-
CENTRAL WAR TIME USED IN
TIIE DAILY OFFICIAL
Student Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to students
Wednesday--afternoon, May 2, from
3 to 5 o'clock.
University Lecture: Mr. Thomas
Whittemore, Director of the Byzan-
vine Institute, willlecture on the
subject "'The Mosaics of S. Sophia"
(illustrated) at 3:15 p. m., today
n the Rackham Amphitheatre under
the auspices of the Departments of
Greek and History. The public is
Graduate Students A list of stu-
dents expecting master's degrees in
June has been posted in the Gradu-
ate. School office. Each student is
requested to check whether his name
is listed properly with the correct de-
gree and department indicated.
Hopwood Contestants: Students
entering the Hopwood contests must
deposit their manuscripts in the
English office by 4:30 this after-
noon. No manuscripts will be ac-
cepted after that time.
May Festival Concerts. To avoid
confusion and embarrassment, the
sympathetic co-operation of Festival
concert-goers is respectfully request-
ed, as follows:.
The public will please come suf-
ficiently early as, to be seated on
time, since doors will be closed and
latecomers will not be admitted dur-
Holders of season tickets will please
detach the coupons for the respective
concerts before leaving home, and
present for admission, instead of pre-
senting the entire season ticket.
Those leaving the auditorium dur-
ing intermission are required to pre-
sent door checks for re-admission.
Parking regulations will be en-
forced by the Ann Arbor Police De-
The several concerts will take place
Thursday, May 3, 8:30 E.W.T. (7:30
C.W.T.)-Ezio Pinza, bass; Philadel-
phia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy,
Friday, May 3, 8:30 E.W.T. (7:30
C.W.T. - Oscar Levant, pianist;
Philadelphia Orchestra; Choral
Union: Eugene Ormandy and Hardin
Van Deursen, conductors.
Saturday, May 5, 2:30 E.W.T. (1:30
C.W.T.)-Zino Francescatti, violinist;
Festival Youth Chorus; Paul Leyssad;
Sunday, May 6, 8:30 E.W.T. (7:30
C.W.T.) -Eleanor Steber, soprano;
Hertha Glaz, contralto; Frederick
Jagel, tenor; Nicola Moscona, bss;
University Choral Union; Philadel-
phia Orchestra; Eugene Ormandy
and Hardin Van Deursen, conductors.
Sixteenth Annual Exhibition of
Sculpture of the Institute of Fine
Arts, in the Concourse of the Michi-
gan League Building. Opening eve-
ning May 1, after which display will
be on view daily until Commence-
Interviewing for junior positions
and for the central committee of
Junior Girls project will be held from
1:30 p.im. to 4:30 today in the Coun-
Inter Racial Association: There will
be a meeting of the executive board
today at- 1:00 p. m. in the Union,
Wesley Foundation. Open House
and Tea today from 3-5 o'clock. Dr.
M. O. Williams, Personnel Secretary
of the Board of Missions of the Meth-
odist Church will be our guest. Mem-
bers of other Guilds are invited to
Alpha Phi Omega will hold an out-
ing for all active members and pled-
ges tonight. The group will meet at
the Michigan Union and will leave
promptly at 5:00. A picnic supper
to be followed by games and informal
singing will constitute the major part
of the program.
Science Research Club: The May
meeting of the Science Research Club
will be held in the Amphitheater of
the Horace H. Rackham School of
Graduate Studies at 6:30 p. m.
Program: "Recent Developments
in Wood Technology", Louis A. Pa-
tronsky, Dept. of Forestry and Con-
servation. "Three Dimensional Elec-
tron Microscopy", Robley C. Williams,
Dept. of Astronomy.
Varsity Glee Club: Rehearsal this
evening instead of Wednesday this
week at usual time because of s-
Polonia Club: There will be a meet-
ing of the University of Michigan
Polonia Club tonight at 6:30 in the
All Students interested in Polish
culture are welcome.
The Christian Science Students'
Organization is holding a meeting
tonight at 7:15 in the chapel of the
Michigan League. All are welcome to
Senior Society: There will be a
meeting Wednesday, May 2, at 4:00
in the League. All members must
The Annual French Play: Le Cercle
Francais will present "Ces Dames
aux Chaeaux Verts". a modern
Psychology major's theme song:
They Begin the Beguinea Pig."
Dancing to Ellington's music at Senior Ball is
going to be as easy as duke soup.
War at a Glance: Hitler is dying, Himmler
is in charge, Hamburg is surrounded and the
Big Three keep on giving the Nazis still more
The board of directors wants to see the ledgers of
I ''As1I eFnternr;-an iorsbsi, diarv nmanie s
We've been over these books three
t;rins 'v . The n ' h am ne.
Coppight, 1945, The Nespapet PM. enI.
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