U.S. First, Ukrainian First Whoop It Up at Historic 11
Bly HAY BOYLE
Associated Press Correspondent
W IT H M A RSH AL K OIJE V 'S
FIRST UKRAINIAN ARMY east of
the Elbe, April 26-They -tried to
make the first meeting of Russian and
American divisional commanders on
the German front a grand opera ev-
ent today but it ended like the finale
of a circus performance.-
There was just too much, good-
will and wine flowing to keep up
military formalities - and that
probably was the best-thing possi-
ble for future international rela-
Arrangements had been made for
the first meeting of the Allied divi=
sional staffs on uthe east hank of the.
Elbe in the Torgau region at 4 p. m..
and Russian work troops began build-
ing a triumphal log arch. They had
with them a huge Soviet flag and a
home made Stars and Stripes to
symbolize Allied unity.
While highranking Soviet officers
were back in their barracks giving
their boots a final gloss and pinning
on every decoration they had won
in four years of battle, the Ameri-
can party appeared unexpectedly
on the other side of the river.
Both bridges had been blown by
the Germans during their defense of
Torgan so Maj. Gen. Emil F. Rein-
hardt, of Detroit, Mich, and his staff,
clad in impeccably near= isenhower
dress jackets, had to be rowed over
the swift-flowing Elbe in racing sculls.
Crowds of refugee Russian men and
women waiting to cross the river
looked on in wonder.
The American staff walked slowly
through a growth of river weeds to
the meeting site and stood uncertain-
ly for .a moment. They had arrived
20 minutes early.
An interpreter quickly made known
their identity, however, and a Rus-
sian officer who was helping dig post
holes for the triumphal arch dropped
his spade and came over and shook
hands warmly with Gen. Reinhardt,
The Russian troops saluted the
American staff smartly, and handed
British and American flags to Rein-
hardt's two bodyguards. Opl. Clar-
ence Tate, of Grapevine, Tex., took
the Uniion Jack and Pfc. Frank
Kanes of Donora, Pa., took the
Stars and Stripes.
After waiting 10 minutes the Am-
erican staff turned and started
marching up the hill, toward the Rus-
As they left, the Soviet soldiers still
were hammering frantically to com-
plete their triumphal log arch--which
never did get erected.
When the Americans were half way
up the hill a large body of splendidly
clad Russian offioers rounded a grove
of trees and started down to meet
As the two colorful processions
came closer and closer a great cheer
went up from the Russian and
American soldiers on both sides of
the river, and gunfire echoed as
the celebrating troops fired what-
ever guns were at hand.
At a captured German building
which the Russians selected for a
banquet the American staff was seat-
td before tables as smiling Russian
WAC's began carrying in trays full
of wine, vodka, champagne, cognac,
fried eggs sunny side up, fresh porik,
and a half dozen other dishes.
The commander of the Russian
58th Guards Division proposed a
,toast. Standing and turning to Rein-
hardt, the 35-year-old dark-haired
"General, and officers of the Am-
erican Army, I congratulate you on
this day of historic meeting. This is
a happy day. It means the end of
Reinhardt replied with another
"I wish to toast the divisional com-
mander and the 58th Guards Division.
"It is a great honor to command
the American division that has
driven through our common enemy
to meet you. May the peace for
which we fight come early."
Then the Russians really began to
pour on the banquet. Food and wines
of all vintages flowed like the town
pump, and the Americans began to
look more and more worried as each
dish and bottle arrived. But there
was no escaping the Russian hospi-
' ii an
4ww - ,4
Cloudy, Light Rains,
VOL. LV, No. 133 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN SATURDAY, APRIL 28, 1945
anks Pus orward Austria, Bav
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Meet in Heart
Left To Eradicate
By The Associated Press
PARIS, April 27, Saturday-Ameri-
can and Russian armies from half a
world apart have met in the heart
of Hitler's once-proud Reich, leaving
Germany crushed and virtually over-
run from east and west.
The meeting of the men of Gen.
Eisenhower and the men of Marshal
Stalin south of Berun left only pock-
ets of Nazis in Hitler's northern and
southern redoubts to be stamped out
before Europe's war is declared offi-
cially at an end.
Organized Warfare To Continue
Supreme headquarters, officially
pessimistic, says organized warfare
can last for several months. Front
line commanders believe all will be
over in a matter of weeks, at the
Lt. Gen. Kurt Dittmar, widely-
quoted Nazi military commentator,
surrendered to the Americans Wed-
nesday, it was disclosed yesterday,
and declared that Hitler was in Ber-
lin and would die there.
"When Berlin falls it will be over,"
he said, predicting the fall within a
few days. He said the southern re-
doubt was a myth and asserted that
Hermann Goering, fallen Reich air
marshal, had been executed.
Armies at Standstill on Elbe
The juncture brought to a com-
parative standstill two of the great-
est military machines of history and
today they faced each other along
200 miles of the Elbe river, where the
U. S. First and Ninth armies drew
up to a halt seven days ago.
The Russians and the Americans
met in late Wednesday afternoon on
the U. S. First Army front, and if
other meetings have not already tak-
en place they will in a few days.
PARIS, April 27-()-The great
grey doors of Fort De Montrodge
slammed shut behind Marshal Philip-
pe Petain today as the 89-year-old
former Vichy chief of state entered
that place of detention on the out-
skirts of Paris to await trial on
charges of high treason.
As he passed slowly through one
village en route from Switzerland to
Paris. crowds shouted "death to Pe-
tai" and "down with Petain" the
French news agency said. The agen-
cy added that if the one-time leader
of France had any illusions as to the
affection of the French people "it
must have vanished now."
Today Post-War Council will
hold a mock San Fran-
cisco conference at 2 p.m.
and 7:30 p. m. in rooms
A,B,C at the League.
Today Dr. Robert C. Angell of
the Sociology Department
will speak at the spring
meeting of the Michigan
Sociological Society at
2:15 p. m. EWT in the
West Conference Room of
m a M; n .na.frman a o
"TAKE IT FROM THERE"-Pat Barrett (left) and Jean Athay (right) relax between scenes of Junior
Girls' Play, the last performance of which will be pr esented at 8:30 p. m. EWT today in Lydia Mendel-
* * *
'Free Milan' Radio
ROME, April 27.-(A)-American
Fifth Army troops smashed into the
great port of Genoa today, a special
Allied headquarters communique an-
nounced, as the "Free Milan" radio
declared German commanders were
trying to negotiate a general surren-
der of their hopelessly trapped forces
in northern Italy.
Allied headquarters did not con-
firm the surrender report, but con-
ceded that American and other Al-
lied armored columns slashing across
the final miles to the Alps were
meeting only "generally weak and
An unidentified spokesman of the
Italian Socialist Party in Milan and
the Italian patriot newspaper La
Liberta said Benito Mussolini, "yel-
low with fury and fear," had been
arrested as he attempted to cross
the Swiss frontier. The newspaper
said Roberto Farinacci, former sec-
retary of the Fascist party, also was
Crushing pockets of resistance, the
American Fifth and British Eighth
Armies sliced across the Adige River
at "many points", the communique
said, and on the British Eighth Army
front the enemy was pressed so close-
ly he had no opportunity to reorgan-,
ize his scattered and demoralized
A task force consisting of Ameri-
can 473rd and 442nd Infantry and
elements of the 92nd Infantry Divi-
sion made the Genoa entry.
Yanks Gain on
For mosa Hard
By The Associated Press
PACIFIC- Forcing the Japanese
to abandon their first line of de-
fense on bloody Okinawa Island,
hard-hitting American soldiers have
made general gains along the flam-
ing battle line and are closing in on
two important airfields.
The forward surge of the Yanks on
Okinawa was reported late Friday in
front line dispatches and Fleet Ad-
miral Chester W. Nimitz's communi-
In the Philippines, American sol-
diers made a second invasion of
Negros Island near the city of Duma-
Philippine-based American planes
hammered Japanese positions in the
valley with 730 tons of explosives.
They also hit war industries on For-
mosa and in sweeps against shipping
destroyed or damaged ten freighters
and other smaller craft.
Frisco Delegates Reach
Accord on Vital Issues.
Columns Are 26 Miles From Munich;
Czechoslovakian Juncture Expected
By The Associated Press
PARIS, April 28, Saturday-American tank columns invaded Austria
yesterday, advancing 26 miles west of the Nazi citadel of Munich, and
crashed into the western end of Hitler's Alpine redoubt.
While the U. S. Third Army,'plowing unopposed into Austria, made
radio contact with Russian southern armies less than 85 miles to the
southeast, two U. S. Seventh Army armored divisions went on a tear
The Tenth Armored Division sent one column spearing 28 miles
east into Landsberg, only 26 miles east of Munich, birthplace of Nazism
and now considered the northernir '
outpost for the final death stand.Q
Of JGP Today
By The Associated Press
SAN FRANCISCO, April 27.-The
United Nations put their Polish, Rus-
sian and leadership rows behind
them today and strode forward to-
gether on the road they mean to
build toward a durable peace.
Without a ripple of dissension
which had boiled up earlier between
Russia on one side and the United
States and Britain on the other, the
world security conference voted ,o:
1. Make the foreign secretaries of
the four sponsoring powers- the
United States, Britain, Russia and
China-co-equal chairmen of the
conference. They will preside in turn
and consult regularly among them-
selves on a conference program.
2. Hand the chairmanship of the
all-important steering and executive
committees to Secretary of State
Stettinius. These are the agencies
which will do most of the conference
work. They will draft policies and
recommendations which the full con-
ference will forge into peace-keeping
3. Grant representation in a gen-
eral assembly of a projected world
organization to the Ukraine and
White Russia. Since the Soviet Un-
ion itself will have an assemblyvote,
this will mean a total of three for
4. Put 14 members on the confer-f
ence executive committee.
5. Make the Dumbarton Oaks peace
plan, engineered in Washington by
the four sponsors, the'agenda for the
University students will take part
in a small scale United Nations con-
ference this afternoon and evening
when they meet to discuss the char-
acter of a peace charter in the ABC
room of the League.
The Post-War Council is present-
ing the mock conference to deter-
mine campus opinion on the prob-
lems of a world organization and to
promote interest in the issues now
under discussion in San Francisco.
A miniature United Nations Char-
ter will be drawn up on the basis
of agreements reached in two panels.
Student delegates from the Uni-
versity of Michigan and Wayne Uni-
(See CONFERENCE, Page 4)
The final public
Junior Girls' play,
"Take It from
Another column raced 14 miles
straight south into the Bavarian
Alps, driving 10 miles or so into
what is probably Hitler's inner fort-
ress, and reached Kemten, 11 miles
from the Austrian frontier.
This push threatened to cut in be-
hind any Germans in the redoubt
concentrated around the area of Lake
Constance, some 30 miles to the
west. The tank crews here were 65
miles from the northern mountain
border of Italy.
The 12th Armored Division likewise
was racing east close on the north'
flank of the 10th Armored Division
and, after hurdling the Wurtach Riv-
er, was about 30 miles west of Munich.
Both columns, with the endless
lines of infantry swinging up ponder-
ously from behind, expected to meet
savage resistance in Hitler's old home
town of Munich.
The Third Army, crossing the Dan-'
ube repeatedly, also was marching on
Munich from the north and last was
reported 38 miles away.
A field dispatch from the Canadian
First Army front said waves of young
and fanatic Germans were hurling
themselves at the Canadians in a sui-
cidal version of the Japanese Banzai
charge, and were being mowed down
"by the thousands."
MOSCOW, April 27.-(,)- With
Berlin in its death throes special
Nazi brigades of women snipers late
today took up rifles against Red
Army invasion columns smashing in-
to the center of the city.
In the burning wasteland that is
Berlin there are other scenes of dir-
ect contrast. Long lines of civilians
stand gazing hopefully into empty
shop windows amid famine condi-
tions. Food is running low. Some-
times the hungrycivilians break into
stores but find nothing.
There," will be presented at 8:30 p.m.
EWT today in Lydia Mendelssohn
Tickets for this full-length musical
comedy are still on sale at the thea-
tre box office in the League.
Original Music, Dance Routines
The all-junior production features
a novel theme, coupled with original
music and dance routines. The songs,
written by Evelyn Horelick, include
"Lament," "Love Song," and "Bright
The setting of the play is at Para-
gon Institute of Technology in the
year 2045. "Perfect Paragon" is the
college of the future, which places
emphasis on efficiency and speed.
The play has its romantic inter-
est, too, in spite of Paragon's new
scientific method of selecting marital
partners for its students. The Spies
committee, an investigating body sent
by Congress to examine Paragon's
new system, further complicates mat-
To U.S. Ninth
Forge New Link-Up
As Nazi Capital Dies
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Saturday, April 28.-
Russian armies, conquering three-
quarters of dying Berlin and seizing
its last airdrome, left the, German
capital to dust-choked storm troops
yesterday and struck west in twin
offensives toward a second link-up
with American forces and the isola-
tion of Germany's last Baltic ports.
Berlin, writhing in its final death
throes, was a wilderness of crumbled
stone and steel swept by flame-ting-
ed winds and, though its defenders
resisted fanatically in a vain struggle,
its inner and outer defenses were
The great Tempelhof airdrome, the
last air escape and supply route, was
With Germany split by a junc-
tion of Russian and American First
Army forces along the Elbe north-
west of Dresden, the Red Army
rushed toward a second imminent
link-up-this time with the U.S.
9th Army n the middle Elbe due
west of Berlin.
Premier Stalin, in one of four
triumphant orders of the day, an-
nounced that Marshal Gregory K.
Zhukov's First White Russian Army
had captured Rathenow, 33 miles
west of Berlin, in a drive that by-
passed the great city of Branden-
Labor management committees set
up by the War Manpower Commis-
sion should be continued in peace,
representatives of both labor and
management who addressed regional,
state and area WMC officials from
Ohio, Michigan and Kentucky, de-
clared yesterday at a meeting held in
The speakers were George W. Dean,
Lansing, president of the Michigan
Federation of Labor, and John C.
Buekema, Muskegon, secretary of the
Greater Muskegon Chamber of Com-
Dean, the principal speaker of the
day, asked that "these labor-manage-
CAMPUS CAMPAIGN TO OPEN MONDAY:
Red Cross Blood Bank Issues Call to Civilian Students
Opening with a call for 230 pints
>f blood, the Red Cross Blood Bank
drive for May will begin Monday.
The campus campaign, directed byr
Wayne Bartlett of the Union andf
Jean Loree of the' Women's Wart
up can give blood for this Blood
"In former drives, we have rarely
received more than 150 donations
from civilian students," Bartlett poin-
ted out yesterday. "Consequently,
-__ _- _ + l.. t n nm xQr
Actual blood donations will be
made between 12:30 and 4:30 p.m.
EWT Thursday and Friday, May 10
and 11. Donations will be controlled
by local Red Cross volunteer workers
with the help of a Red Cross mobile
unit which wil he stationed on the
hand, blood is made to flow through
the needle and a section of rubber
tubing into a pint container imme-
After the operation, which takes
about ten minutes, donors are urged
to relax and take it easy. Chairs will