THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TflUR SDAY, lV4ARWTI 29, 1945
c . r ,9 r rxgttn ttt1
Paletstine Policy Protested
£?ttCPJ to the 6/ or
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the lofid in Control
of Student Publications.
Ray Dixon .
Fay McFee .
. . . . Managing Editor
. ,. . Editorial Director
. . . . . .City Editor
. . . Sports Editor
. Associate Sports Editor
. . . . Women's Editor
Associate Business Mgr.
Associate Business Mgr.
. . .
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NIGHT EDITOR: MARY BRUSH
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
"MANAGEMENT'S RECORD is something to
think about before lashing out in bitter-
ness at labor unions and their members," Art
Kraft concluded an editorial which appeared on
this page Saturday.
The testimony of Senator Glen Taylor, Ida-
ho Democrat, on his experience as a war worker
before his election to Congress, brings into strong
relief the enormious amount of labor hoarding
which is being practiced by certain firms.
- "There was a great deal of loafing; but lest
the Senators receive a wrong impression;1'let me
say that I do not want them to think that the
workers were at fault. I, too, loafed. It was
simply because we did not have enough to do.
"I can say in all truthfulness," Taylor de-
clared, "that I never heard any wt iker in
the plant eoimplain because he was over-
worked. The only complaint I ever heard
was that there was not enough to do.
"A good many workers' quit their jobs at
the plant and went somewhere else. They
would say, I cannot take this. I came here
to do an honest day's work. I have always done
an honest day's work.' Perhaps a worker would
say, 'I have a son in the service and I am
"Workers would leave and in a week or two
they would come back. They all gave the same
ekplination of their reason for returning. 'The
place I went to was much woi'se than this.'
Possibly it was one of the shipyards or steel
mills. So they would come back."
Senator Taylor's words indicate that labor
wastage is not to be blamed on any one class
WASHINGTON-President Roosevelt's meeting
with Arab ruler Ibn Saud was the topic of
vigorous discussion at a significant meeting of
1,000 Jewish leaders at the Hotel Astor in New
York recently. It may have interesting reper-.
cussions. Considerable criticism was directed
at Roosevelt for his remark that he had learned
more about the Moslems and the Jews in five
minutes with Iban Saud than he could have
learned in a dozen letters.
Congressman Emanuel Cellar, New York Dem-
ocat and staunch Roosevelt supporter, was one
of the most vehement critics of the president at
the New York meeting.
"There were one million Jews in and around
my district in New York who voted for Roose-
velt unanimously," Congressman Cellar said.
"Their vote made the difference between his
victory or defeat.
"The Jews," he continud, "do not propose
to stand for this sort of thing. Roosevelt is
going to have to learn that he can't fool all
of the Jews all of the time."
senator Ed Johnson, Colorado Democrat, but
usually a Roosevelt hater, was also a speaker
at the meeting and gleefully joined in the criti-
cismi. Referring to the statement that Roose-
velt had learned so much about the Palestinian
question from the King of Saudi Arabia in
five minutes, Senator Johnson said:
"it is very strange how the president could
have learned anything about the Jewish ques-
tion from Ibn Saud. Ibn Saud had never
before been outside his own kingdom, and
thee is not a single Jew inside his kingdom.
Arms for Arabs?
SENATOR BREWSTER, Maine Republican, an-
other speaker, criticized the present Chur-
chill-Roosevelt policy which prevents further
migration of Jews to Palestine.
"It is extraordinary," he said, "that you have
a Jewish national home-to which the Jews can-
Then Brewster dropped a bombshell. He
reported a Washington rumor that Ibn Saud
had asked for an American military mission
to train an Arab army and that the President
had agreed to send fifty to sixty American
officers to Arabia as a military mission.
Note-Not all Jews favor the policy of a Jew-
ish homeland in Palestine. The President's chief
miotive in conferring with Ibn Saud is under-
stood to have been Arabian oil, for which Ameri-
can firms have important concessions. Also the
President may have wanted to counterbalance
Russian influence in the Moslem world.
Germany Grumbles . * .
AUTHENTIC REPORTS from inside Germany
tell a terrible story of German disintegration
as a result of combined Allied air and ground
Travelers in Germany' during the last month
say that huge crowds mill around railroad sta-
tions night and day waiting for trains which
appear infrequently. Police who try to dis-
perse mobs are becoming more and more in-
effectual. Many local police have joined the
ho'de of refugees, until it is almost impossible
for Hitler to control the country without
Even Gestapo men are deserting. They are
trying desperately to make deals with the Allies
through neutral border towns. Army desertions
have increased by leaps and bounds.
One new and perhaps most significant devel-
opment is that most German farmers now flatly
refuse to ship food to the cities. This is partic-
ularly reminiscent of what happened in the
fall of 1918. Farmers have no faith in the
German money, give up what goods they are
forced to only at the point of a gun.
Ilannegano on urfew ...
DEMOCRATIC CHAIRMAN Bob Hannegan,
who never observed a curfew until Justice
Byrnes's order came out. but who has been a
good boy ever since, recently ran into New
York restauranteur Toots Shor, whom he brought
* ON SECOND
4- THO U G HT...
By Bay Dixon
THIS IS the first time in years that the Univer-
sity of Michigan has held summer school
We're thinking that the old weatherman
has done a much better job of alleviating the
coal shortage than Jimmy Byrnes ever did.
* * * *
The U. . First Army is in Limburg-not to
be confused with cheese or kidnapping,
On second thought, it's a good thing that
Limburg was captured after we took Cologne.
* * * *
Ihe Yanks have also crossed the Dill River,
putting the Nazis in somewhat of a pickle.
to the White House during the last campaign.
Hannegan asked Shor if he would stay open
the extra hour permitted under Mayor LaGuar-
dia's new order allowing night spots to remain
open until 1 a. m.
"Heck, no," replied Slior. "I am 100 per cent
patriotic, If Roosevelt wants us to close up at
twelve, we will close' at twelve. Besides, anyone
who ain't drunk by midnight ain't trying."
Inside Germw*any ...
HITLER'S OWN newspaper, Voelkischer Beo-
bachter, last week carried a significant
article by Dr. Michael Baumel telling how the
Allied offensive is affecting the German people.
It says: "Who would deny that this war is
tormenting us more and more? Who has not
felt himself near death and, in the face of the
destruction of his own possessions, has not
thanked fate for the gift of bare existence
beneath the smoking ruins? The look on the
faces of men and women who surge up from
the cellars says more than any words. Their
eyes are the eyes of tormented people." De-
spite all this, Hitler is still urging the German
people to carry on.
(Copyright, 1945, Bell yndcate)
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
WE ARE STILL the enigma of the world, in the
field of economic collaboration with our
allies. The Congressional basket is piled high
with proposals which are awaiting action. The
chief clerk's desk, in both Houses, is becoming
a clutter of unanswered messages.
Mr. Roosevelt has asked the Senate to ratify
the Mexican water treaty; but the Senat has
preferred to use its time to slug Mr. Aubrey
Williams. He asked the Senate to ratify the
Anglo-American oil treaty, but so much opposi-
tion developed that the treaty had to be quietly
withdrawn for renegotiation. Perhaps there were
some valid objections to it, but the incident has
made Britain (and the world) remember dole-
fully how hard it is to get any kind of treaty
business concluded with the United States.
We need a world trade conference, and one
is being talked about in the State Department.
Such a conference would give us a picture of
what the world is going to want to buy from
us, and what it will try to sell to us; it would
give our business men something solid to figure
on for postwar. But the world cannot meet in
a trade conference until it knows what it is
going to use for money. The Bretton Woods
monetary agreement answers that question,
by setting up a World Fund, to help keep
currencies stable. But Congress is taking its
time about Bretton Woods, and until it acts
on Bretton Woods, there can be no world
Here, again, the world is gaining the opinion
that agreements with us (especially economic
agreements, which may offend small but pow-
erful interests) have to pass through an ex-
tremely sticky process. We cannot, really, go on
forever, holding formal economic conferences
with the rest of the world, only to find that we
can't deliver what has been agreed upon. If it
keeps up, our invitations to such conferences are
going to cease to be thrilling to a world which
looks to our leadership in restoring trade.
We have a curious, almost provincial, ap-
proach to international economic agreements;
we expect them to be absolutely satisfactory,
in every detail, to every element of the Am-
erican community. That cannot be; we have
to give in order to get. Great Britain doesn't
like certain features of Bretton Woods at all;
she would like much more flexibility in alter-
ing the value of her currency than i provided;
but she has consented; she has given in to us.
We have no apparatus for giving in.
In the Congressional arena, through which
agreements must pass, any offended American
interest seems able to delay action, whether
it be a State, like California, which doesn't like
the Mexican water treaty, or oil companies which
object to the Anglo-American oil treaty, or bank-
ers who want the initeniance of currency
stability to be a private business, instead of
a public utility. These interests deserve all
possible consideration, and yet we do have
to try to struggle through to a somewhat larger
view. We cannot live entirely alone, and pre-
cisely and absolutely as we like, with seven cats
and fourteen dogs, without being considered sort
of eccentric, and hermit-like, and unfriendly.
A Presidential messenger has just brought in
two more documents, and placed them on top of
the tottering pile on Congress' desk. Mr. Roose-
velt wants the power to reduce tariffs by 50 per
cent, as a basis for negotiating trade deals.
And he wants us to join the Food and Agricul-
tural Organization of the United Nations, an
advisory body through whose researches the
world hopes to learn how not to go hungry. The
pile grows higher, and the world waits and
No doubt there will be sound little arguments
urged against both proposals, but what of the
sound big argument that America has to
learn to live in the world and with the world?
(Copyright, 1945, New York Post Syndicate)
TO THE EDITOR:
It has been the consistent policy
of The Daily editorial staff, I believe
it fair to say, to emphasize the fact
that we must have a progressive out-
look on the social, political, and eco-
nomic problems of our day. We must
keep moving, unceasingly striving to
attain the higher objectives of life.
We must march onward, gradually
transforming the ideals of democracy
While humanity is marching for-
ward, the conservative-so is he
depicted-exerts all his energy try-
ing to impede this movement, if
not to reverse its direction. It is
the conservative who obstructs the
path leading to true democracy.
It is the conservative to whom the
concept of hunian rights is but a
secondary consideration. It is the
conservative who is the deadly foe
of the general welfare of the na-
tion, of the happiness and security
cf the common people throughout
That the conservative has often.
been guilty of these accusations there
can be no doubt. Against the con-
servative there can justifiably be
levied charges that he does frequently
oppose democracy and that his ac-
tions are not always conducive to the
The danger to democracy and to
the common good of mankind from
this source, however, is almost negli-
gtble when compared to the destruc-
tive effects of the teachings and
writings of the "half-baked liberal".
'or it is often this type of liberal who
brings the conservative into being.
Not content with stating his views,
this liberal must constantly revert to
the most infantile kind of side re-
marks which repel anyone who makes
the slightest attempt to be fair.
That the half-baked liberal has a
right to do so I do not deny. It is'
merely that the stand of this liberal
is, in a sense, a perfect farce. The
latter, at first perhaps very eager to
hear this liberal's stand, will become
increasingly irritated by the child-
ishness of the writer. The more dis-
gusting the liberal, the more effec-
tively will his reader be driven to the
May I suggest to these liberals a
re-reading of the groat writings of
their idols. Only this time, instead
of loking for phrases they can
sling at the conservatives, may I
request that they notice the digni-
fied humility of these men. May
they observe the trusting sincerity
of Jefferson and Lincoln and the
rough fair-and-square attitude of
Jackson. Then may they make the
characteristics of these men the
b:asic principles of their daily liv-
irg. In io doing they will convert
more conservatives than could. be
done by writng a thousand books.
---arry Daum, L.S.A.
r 10 THE EDITOR :
Last Thursday night I attended
a meeting of the Student Town Hall.
I went because I wanted to compare
the biped with other peds. I made
some careful mental notes which I
will present to you.
I feel positive that I was surround-
ed with intellect of the most liberal
and progressive type that the Cam-
pus is capable of producing. The
reason that I know this is because
nearly everyone there had ideas and
aired them. But something had gone
wrong: a lot ofthese people,un-
consciously or otherwise, were talk-
ing the talk of isolationism. They
want us to disarm and return to the
status quo of the Thirties so that we
won't become militarists or (some
said) Imperialistic in Design. They
said that if we take steps to protect
ourselves against agression in the fu-
ture,other nations wouldn't like it
and would be mad at us for it and
probably would raise bigger armies
(and navies too) just for spite and
come over here and hurt us.
The funny part about all this is
the fact that every one of these
paw-in-trap citizens would spit smack
in your eye, or worse, if you accused
them of being reactionaries or isola-
tionists because every one of them
would indignantly insist that he be-
lieved in world-wide co-operation
among nations (as long as all the
other nations behaved themselves and
deserve to associate with US.) He
would shout that he certainly believed
in freedom and representation for
small nations (as long as the little
snips didn't combine and try to put
one over on US) and he'd holler that
he believed in a world police force to
keep an eye on John Bull and
the Reds (calling them the English
people and the Russian people sounds
much friendlier, don't you think?)
because anyone could see with half
an eye that. if they weren't policed
they would fix US.
Who does US think we is, any-
way? It seems to me that's the
biggest cause of the trouble. We
have sat in the middle of the par-
lor floor so darn long that we don't
want to play IT in what we have
seared ourselves into thinking will
turn out to be a. game of Modern
What other explanation is there
for this type of thinking? Here we
are, just emerging from the most
terrible war of all time, with deep
scars on our minds, bodies, and
Republican pocket-books (bless 'em)
because we were so bigoted, blind and
just plain cussed stubborn that we
wouldn't lift a finger to prepare an
adequate defense until the Japs called
our bluff and somebody smacked us
in the head with Mein Kampf.
Why can't we learn that peace
for US lies in spelling it in the
lower case, ceasing lip service and
really doing our part in the thank-
less task yet to come by sacrificing
some of our blessed, blessed sover-
eignty for the good of more endur-
ing peace in the world? Why can't
we do the things we are forever
blatting our heads off about? I'll
bet you fifty cents the Senate will
turn the whole deal down cold
when the fateful day comes. I'll
bet another six bits the American
people will let them, too. Any tak-
ers? I can't think of a bet I
would more cheerfully lose. Now
I have only one thing left to say:
In this sense, let's take steps to
make sure that we become a whole
nation of losers!
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
SAM IS AN UNCLE in more ways tian one.
The old boy is now paying doctor and hos-
pital bills for about one baby out of every
six in the, country.
Half a million progeny of nieces and. nephews
claim him already, and he expects 250,000 more.
For two years the federal emergency maternity
and infant care program, designed to help the
wives and babies of low-salaried service-men
without cost to them, has been functioning, and
so far, Uncle Sam has paid out $70,000,000 to
help embryo families of men in the services.
Immediately, some people will shout "social-
ism" }-and "what's this country coming to when
the government sticks its nose into such per-
Whereupon some young wife and mother
might well reply, "I'd rather have a living
and healthy child that the government-its
Uncle Sam-helped us to ha've than the
memory of one who died because we couldn't
afford a competent doctor or hospital."
We are inclined to agree with that young wife
-B ettyann Larsen
FOR 6"HE FIRST TIME in American History,
white and Negro troops are fighting side
There were two Negro platoons in one com-
THURSDAY, MARCH 29, 1945
VOL. LV, No. 107
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (11:30 a. m. Sat-
To the Members of the Faculty
College of Literature, Science and the
Arts: The April meeting of the Fac-
ulty of the College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts for the academic
year 1944-45 will be held Monday,
April 2, 1945, at 4:10 p.m. in Rm.
1025 Angell Hall.
The reports of the various com-
mittees have been prepared in ad-
vance and are included with this call
to the meeting. They should be re-
tained in your files as part of the
minutes of the February meeting.
1. Consideration of the minutes of
the meeting of March 5, 1945, (pp.
1161 and 1162) which were distribut-
ed by campus mail.
2. Consideration of reports sub-
mitted with the call to this meeting.
a. Executive Committee-- Professor
E. S. Brown. b. University Council-
Professor D. L. Rich. No Report,
c. Executive Board of the Graduate
School--Professor K. K. Landes. d.
Senate Advisory Committee on Uni-
versity Affairs-Professor N. E. Nel-
son. e. Deans' Conference- Dean
3. New Business.
There is a very urgent need for
-Mrs. Ruth Buchanan
Attention Engineering Faculty:
Five-week reports on standings of all
civilian Engineering freshmen and all
Navy and Marine students in Terms
1. 2, 3, and 4 of the PrescribedTCur-
riculum are due April 7. Reportj
blanks will be furnished by campus,
mail and are to be returned to Dean
Crawford's Office, Rm. 255, W. Eng.
Attention Engineering Faculty:
By Crockett Johnson
Hello, Mr. Boggs, I called to-
WHAT?. . . An interest payment
Five-week reports below C of all
Navy and Marine students who are
not in the Prescribed Curriculum;
also for those in Term 5 and 6 in the
Prescribed Curriculum are to be
turned in to Dean Emmons' Office,
Rm. 259, W. Eng. Bldg., not later
than April 7. Report cards may be
obtained from your departmental
Attention Pre-Medical Students:
The Medical Aptitude Test of the
Association of American Medical Col-
leges will be given at the University
of Michigan on April 13. The test
is a normal requirement for admis-
sion to practically all medical schools
and will not be repeated until next
spring. Anyone planning to enter a
medical school in the fall of 1945 or
in the spring of 1946 and who has
not previously taken the test must
write the examination at this time.
Further information may be obtain-
ed in Room 4 University Hall.
Students who are planning to peti-
tion the -lopwood committee for per-
mission to compete in the contests
should read paragraph 18 on page
9 of the Hopwood bulletin and sub-
mit their petitions before April sec-
Victory Gardens: Members of the
faculty and other University em-
ployees who desire space for a vic-
tory garden at the Botanical Gar-
dens should apply for it at once to
Mr. Roszel. Applications must be in
within a week.
Spanish Lecture: La Sociedad His-
panica will present the sixth lecture
in the annual series tonight at 8 in
the Michigan Union. Mr. Francisco
Villegas will speak on "Deportes en
Costa Rica." Tickets for the indi-
vidual lecture will be on sale at the
door for those who do not hold tick-
ets for the series.
A cademic Notices
Language Examination for M. A.
Degree Candidates in History: This
examination will be held on Friday,
March 30th at 4 p. m. in Room B
Haven Hall. Students should bring
their own dictionaries and are re-
quested to sign up in advance in the
Candidates for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate for June: Please call at the
office of the School of Education,
1437 University Elementary School,
on Thursday or Friday afternoon,.
schools. The University will pay the
fee for this April examination. Any-
one wishing to take the examination
must register a.t the Information
Desk of the Graduate School Office
in the Rackham Bldg. before March
Students, College of Literature,
Science & the Arts: Applications for
scholarships should be made before
April 14. Application forms may be
obtained at 1220 Angell Hall and
should be filed at that office.
The special short course in speeded
reading will meet in Rm. 4009 Uni-
versity High School Building, Tues-
days and Thursdays at 5. First reg-
ular meeting today. There is no
charge for this non-credit course
offered for college students who wish
to improve their reading ability.
Faculty Recital: The final program
in the group of piano recitals by
members of the School of Music fac-
ulty will be heard at 8:30 p.m. Sun-
day, April 1, when Helen Titus will
present compositions by Beethoven,
Brahms, Pattison, and Shepherd. The
public is cordially invited. -
Tea at the International Center,
every Thursday, 4-5:30 p.m. Faculty,
foreign students, and their American
friends are cordially invited.
Post-War Council members are
asked to attend an important meet-
ing at 4 in the Union. New members
are cordially invited. Please bring
There will be a Phi Lambda Upsilon
meeting in the Chemistry Building,
Rm. 303, at, 4:30 p.m. All members
are urged to come. Refreshments will
Compulsory meeting for all dormi-
tory and League house War Activities
Chairmen will be held at 5 o'clock
today in the League. Room will be
Trinity Lutheran Church: E. Wil-
liam at S. Fifth Ave., will have a
Communion Service this evening at
7:30. On Good Friday from 1 to 3
p.m. there will be a regular worship
service and communion following.
The Regular Thursday Evening
Record Concert will be held in the
ladies lounge of the Rackham Build-
ing at 7:45 p.m. An all-Brahms pro-
gram will be played featuring varia-
And I'd pay all my debts, too.
From the petty cash drawer af
Say! I'll call Mr. Dormant! The
obliging banker who floated all
I'll explain how anxious I amn
to return the four nickels I've