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March 22, 1945 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-03-22

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___________________________________________________________ I I

British Paid Right Wing Greeks

Extension of Franchise Condemned

Evelyn Phillips . . . Managing Editor
Margaret Farmer . Editorial Director
Ray Dixon . City Editor
Paul Sislin . Associate Editor
Hank Mantho Sports Editor
Daye Loewenberg . Associate Sports Editor
Mavis Kennedy . . Women's Editor
Business Staff
Dick Strickland . . Business Manager
Martha Schmitt . . . Associate Business Mgr.
Kay McFee . Associate Business Mgr.
Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
National Advertising Service, hc.
College Pablisers Representatie
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1944-45
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
"GUESS democracy is just for white men."
So said a Chinese boy trying to understand the
position of the Negro in this country.
His conclusion may become a true summa-
tion of democracy in the United States if the
trend evidenced by the exclusion of released
Japanese from the Pacific Coast continues.
The majority of the 60,000 Japanese-Ameri-
cans recently released and the 30,000 previously
relocated had lived in the West Coast area.
They now find it virtually impossible to return,
This situation is a result of the efforts of
the American Legion, Associated Farmers of
California and the Native Sons of the Golden
West, who in 1944 opposed the mass release, and,
failing to secure a measure on last November's
ballot intensifying the state alien law, have
at least secured their fundamental aim in "keep-
ing the Japs out of California."
As Assemblyman Gannon of Sacramento,
chairman of the California Committee on Japa-
nese Problems said, "The anti-Japanese feel-
ing on the Pacific Coast is not engendered by
the war alone-it is something that has prevail-
ed for years."
The root of the trouble is economic, lying
in the need of fruit-growers and farmers for
manpower and in their resentment of land-
owning by the Nisei. An Oregon apple-grbw-
er said of the re-location plan, "This is a
chance to stop ownership of second-genera-
tion, American-born Japanese. They're better
educated, and will be tough competition fn
years to come."
Another objection has been that the stand-
ard of -living of the Japanese is lower; they
work longer hours for less wages. In this
practice they have been encouraged by the
fruitgrowers themselves.
The Japanese-Americans, now without land,
consequently are settling elsewhere. Since their
machinery is still in California, and the work-
ers must distribute themselves where they can
find immediate work, the fruit-growers-the
very ones who helped bring about the present
conditions-may be forced to ask for the re-
turn of the Japanese to relieve the manpower
More critical is the threat to democratic
ideals. If a group can demand and obtain
certain privileges and suppress and exclude
another group, the effect is suspiciously what
even the Hood River American Legion and
the Associated Farmers of California would
term fascist. If the United States cannot

succeed in practicing democracy among races
at home, it can not very hopefully expect
either full cooperation at the peace confer-
ence or respect in a closer postwar community
of nations.
Patricia Cameron
T HE NATIONAL Broadcasting Company's re-
cent move to eliminate the "middle com-

WASHINGTON-Goverpor Lehman's UNRRA
is doing its best to hush it up, but a very
strange thing has happened in Greece. A Brit-
ish UNRRA worker was killed, and in his pos-
session were found receipts for money paid by
the British to Greek factions, to encourage them
to fight against each other.
The incident was in no way the fault of
Governor Lehman or his Washington staff,
since the Near East UNRRA is under a Brit-
ish director.
Here are the so far-suppressed facts as to what
happened. The UNRRA worker who was killed
was L. F. Ram Shepherd, chief of UNRRA's Greek
mission's intelligence division. On the rolls he
was listed as "Mister" Shepherd, but actually he
was a colonel in the British army.
Colonel Shepherd joined' UNRRA right after
the liberation of Athens, but during the whole
time up until his death he was acting fo Brit-
ish intelligence, though using the American flag
on his car.
After he was killed, UNRRA officials who
took an inventory of property in the Colonel's
hotel room found receipts for huge amounts
Senator's Justice
SENATOR VANDENBERG is taking Justice
with him to San Francisco, as a sort of
secretary, lie says he will be guided by Justice
in all he does. The Senator has been talking a
great deal lately about the sweet, brave girl,
with the bandage over her eyes, and the scales
in her hand. He has long conversations with
her, and then he tells us, in speeches and state-
ments, what she has said.
So far they seem to have talked mostly about
the Polish border. Doesn't any other subject
come up in the Senator's talks with this dis-
tinguished female? It has always been my
impression that Justice was a well-rounded sort
of girl; that she could talk fluently on a num-
ber of themes, Shakespeare and the musical
glasses, the hungry children of the world, and
how hard it is to be out of a job. It is only
since the Senator has taken over as Justice's
press representative, so to speak, that the young.
lady seems to have narrowed her range, and to
have no interest left in the world beyond Wilno
and Lwow.
It is rather strange to think of. Justice as
having a one-track mind.
The Senator has promised faithfully to
follow Justice wherever she goes, and he has
made touching protestations of his loyalty to
her. "Whither thou goest, I will go," he has
said. Is he going to keep that pledge when
Justice gets tired of squatting on the Polish
border, and begins to look around? "You
know," she may say to him during one of the
duller sessions at San Francisco, "I think it's
time we endorsed Bretton Woods, Van, old
fruit." "I beg your pardon?" the Senator may
say. "Well, there's more to life than the
Polish frontier," she may whisper. "Hmmm,"
the Senator may answer. "You said you
would do what I wanted," she is likely to
reply, beginning to sniffle a bit, in the im-
memorial fashion of the disappointed lady.
The Senator can hardly tell Justice to pack
up her things and go home. After all, he did
say she was the biggest thing in his life.
Anyone who takes Justice by the arm may
find himself in for a longer walk than he
intended. I can see her, during one of these
strolls, steering the Senator over to look at the
starving children of France, and, with womanly
gentleness, offering the tender suggestion that
America at once send some of its relative plenty
abroad, to ease the great hunger. "It's not
exactly the problem Im working on," the Senator
will say. "Oh, you!" All you do is talk about
Lwow, Lwow,' Lwow." It will do the Senator
no good to protest that he can't take
carte of everything. "Justice wants to
feed those children," she will answer,
speaking about herself in the third person, with

charming childlike directness. "I want you to go
right into the Senate tomorrow and tell therm
that." The Senator may try to protest that he
was elected to do a certain job, and that he
has to stick to it. In which case the answer
may be: "Elected to save Lwow, hey?", and, of
course, there is nothing quite so unpleasant as a
sarcastic woman.
Justice is one of those girls who think of
everything. The afternoon must arrive when
she will bring up a matter which Senator
Vandenberg has probably overlooked, "You
know," she will remark to the Senator, 'Jus=
tice doesn't think you're altogether serving
her, when you puff up one question of detail,
the Polish border, to the point where you may
hurt the peace by upsetting an agreement
anong Mr. Roosevelt, and Mr. Churchill and
Mr. Stalin." .Those three men." I can hear
the Senator saying. "I didn't even know you
knew them."
"Know them?" she will say. "In a way, I
think I helped introduce them to each other.
That was some time before I met you, dear."
(Copyright, 1945, New York Post Syndicate)

of gold sovereigns, The receipts were dated1
Oct. 22 to Nov. 29, four days before the trou-
ble broke in Athens.
The receipts said: "I have received from Mr.
L. F. R. Shepherd a sealed bag said to contain
1,000 gold sovereigns." These receipts were
signed by Greek leaders of various Royalist
and Right Wing organizations. The amounts
mentioned in the receipts varied Irom 100 sov-
ereigns to 2,000.
S.S. Flag Hid Intrigue .*
IN OTHER WORDS, all during the period when
Greek political factions were trying to work
out their own problems, a British colonel, dis-
guised as an UNRRA worker, was paying Greek
Royalist factions to fight the EAM-ELAS group
which had done most of the guerilla fighting
against the Germans.
After the fighting started, Colonel Shepherd
kept on stirring up trouble. As an UNRRA
officer, supposedly on a mission of mercy, he
could travel freely between the British zone
and the ELAS zone. And he did. Furthermore,
he did so in a car draped with the American
Under cover of the American flag he vwent into
ELAS territory ostensibly to talk about food
distribution, but actually to get military infor-
When Colonel Shepherd's car hit an ELAS
mine during the last days of the battle, it was
still proudly bearing the Stars and Stripes,
symbol of the land in which the Greek people
have so much faith.
Greek T ragedy ..
AS EARLY as October, 1943, one year before
the Greek trouble Utarted, this column told
how all Greek guerilla factions were brought by
the British to Cairo and all voted unanimously,
together with the Greek cabinet, that King
George of Greece must not return until a
plebiscite regarding him had been held by the
Greek people; but that Churchill, ignoring this,
wired King George to return to Greece at the
head of his troops. Also disclosed was how
Churchill's own advisers warned him that trouble
was sure'to break out if he backed the right
wing Royalists. Chief loans which the Greek
government owes abroad are to the Hambro
bank of London.
At one time Churchill was helped out finan-
cially by the Hambro family. Most of Chur-
chill's colleagues in the British cabinet have
vigorously dsagreed with his Greek policy,
especially Foreign Minister Eden. Roosevelt
also sent Churchill some hot cables regarding
Greece, after this column published the text
of the Prime Minister's cable to General Sco-
bie to treat Athens as "a conquered city".
Sir William Matthews is Governor Lehman's
chief of UNRRA in Greece and the Balkans.
He is so resented by American UNRRA work-
ers that they signed a long statement protest-
ing against his operations.
(Copyright, 1945, Bell Syndicate)
t.Lttpj14,die &at.P
MUCH has been written in the past regarding
the campus spirit at the University. Many
excellent ideas have been presented but little
has been done either by the student body or
the officials of the University. It seems that
the students are unaware of the possibilities
open for their fuller enjoyment of college life,
and the administration has done all within its
power to discourage any attempt on the part of
the students to enjoy their life while at school.
The trend at Michigan is toward making old
men and women of its students. Nothing but
the atmosphere of the black cap and gown and
the stack of academic tones is to prevail. Cer-
tainly it is our prime object to gain knowledge,
but in doing this must we retire to cells and
forget that life is also to be enjoyed? We
talk about freedom; freedom for all races, creeds,
nationalities; freedom of speech, thought and
expression, yet that institution which should
be the greatest proponent of all the freedoms'
thas enslaved its own people, and it attempts

to rule and regulate every move of its students.
In the past there have been many ideas ad-
vanced for social activities at Michigan, many
of them have been good ideas, heartily approved
of by all the students and many of the more en-
lightened members of the faculty. The most
recent idea has been the one of electing a
Queen for the Bunny Hop to be held before
Easter. What, I ask you is so harmful about
that? Will it degrade the student body? Will
it bring scorn to the University? Will it dis-
iolv*e or impa ile "Academic standards"?
such is the attitude of the administration,
(the actioln of the students in acquiescing to
this dictatorial domination is no more com-
mendable. Who is to stem the tide? While
we are busy decrying the lack of freedom
elsewhere, we find that we too suffer from
the lack of freedom at home. There is a
need of mending our own fences. Are we
equal to the task? That is for you as indi-
viduals to answer.
-Ken Bissell

THE PROPOSAL now in the state
legislature to permit 18-year-olds
to vote should be defeated. The ar-
guments advanced by its proponents
seem to me to be founded on emo-
tional and unreasonable grounds.
Most familiar of these arguments
is the "If he's old enough to fight,
he's old enough to vote" routine. This
is a splendid example of the sort of
syllogism which seems reasonable
and logical at first glance, but falls
through upon closer scrutiny. "Those
who are old enough to fight are old
enough to vote. 18-year-olds are old
enough to fight, therefore 18-year-
olds are old enough to -vote," is the
pattern such arguments take. Exam-
ination of the major premise, how-
ever, takes the support out from
under the whole thing.
There is absolutely no connec-
tion between a young man's ability
to fight and his insight in choosing
the men who will guide the nation.
The fighting which the average
soldier does consists not in evalu-
ating the merits of several pro-
posals and then following the one
which seems most reasonable, but
rather it depends upon his physi-
cal strength, his ability to obey
orders, to surrender himself to
discipline, to work with other peo-
ple for the good of the group.
Choosing a President or council-
man or coroner, on the other hand,
demands the ability to sift campaign
speeches for the worthwhile parts, to

distinguish those men whose accom-
plishments outrank their words, to
know a little about the possible out-
come when liberals or conservatives
are in office. This is something that
cannot be taught to youngsters, can-
not be gleaned from grade and high
school civics courses, but rather must
be learned from contact with people.
And it must not be contact made in
the protected atmosphere of a high
school history class, where our states-
men and politics are glorified for
young minds, but contact made in
new surroundings, in new circum-
stances. Whether the high school
graduate goes directly into the busi-
ness world or heads for college, he is
heading for new experiences with
people, experiences which will help
to qualify him to judge the merits of
candidates for the offices tifat con-
trol his city or country.
Whether he learns caution from
an unpleasant experience with a fel-
low employee or from the pages of a
social psychology book makes little
difference really . . . the important
thing is that he will have learned to
exercise such caution. And the eigh-
teen-year-old just graduating from
high school has not learned this fun-
damental rule in dealing with people.
Another favorite claim of the
supporters of the bill is the state-
ment that the high school grad-
uate knows more about civics than
he ever will the rest of his life.
That strikes me as being ridiculous

... we may learn the mechanics of
government in civics classes, but
we know little of the personalities
of government.
Some of those who advocate ex-
tending the franchise to the eigh-
teen-year-olds use the argument
that eighteen-year-olds live in this
country, work here, play here, etc.,
and should therefore have a voice in
the government. So do 16-year-olds,
some of them. But because a minor-
ity of 18-year-olds have the neces-
sary stability and background to
make intelligent selections, there is
no reason to extend the franchise to
include the majority who do not
have such qualifications and who
would therefore overrule any benefits
accruing from such a measure, as
well as adding to the great number
of incompetent over-21-year-old vot-
Extending the franchise to in-
clude greater numbers of voters is
not the answer to the imperfec-
tions in our election system. Let us
rather aim at educating the pres-
ent voters, at preparing them for
their task. Let us make them intel-
ligent, realistic, reasonable voters
... let us take out of the process of
election the emotionalism which
blocks true voting intelligence, the
same emotionalism which is be-
hind the proposal to give eighteen-
year-olds the vote.
-Marge Faraday








VOL. LV, No. 101
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem--
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the Presient,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (11:30 a. m. Sat-
To the Members of the University
Council: It is planned to hold the
April meeting of the University Coun-
cil on Monday, April 16, at 4:15 p.m.
in the Rackham Amphitheatre.
The Summer Session of the Grad-
uate Curriculum in Social Work,
which is given at the Rackham Mem-
orial Building in Detroit, will open
for registration Friday and Satur-
day, June 15 and 16, classes begin-
ning Monday, June 18. The session
will close Friday, Aug. 10. This is a
change from original dates set.
Identification Cards which have
been validated for the Spring Term
are now available in the booth out-
side Rm. 2, University Hall.
New identification cards will NOT
be ready for several days. Notice will
be given as soon as they may be
picked up.
American Red Cross War Fund:
If you have not been solicited in
regard to your contribution toward
the American Red Cross and wish to
make your pledge, please call at the
Cashier's Office, 104 South Wing,
and receive your membership card
and pin.
Students who entered the Fresh-
man Hopwood Contests should call
for their manuscripts at the Hop-
wood Room before Friday of this
Dr. Edgar J. Fisher of the Institute
of International Education will be
holding conferences with foreign
students from 9 to 11 a.m. at the
International Center today. All in-
terested students should contact the
Center for appointment.
The Ilillel Foundation will now
accept reservations for the Pass-
over meals. Reservations will not be
accepted after 5:30 p.m., Friday,
March 23. This, semester meals will
be charged as follows: for the whole
week, $17.00, for the individual Se-
dar, $2.25. Twenty red ration points,
(two stamps), will be required only
from those eating the whole eight
days. Due to the present wartime
conditions no reservations will be
taken without money or stamps.
International Center Camera Club:
There will not be a meeting this
week. The next meeting will be two
weeks from today on April 5.
University Lecture: Dr. Feliks
Gross, Managing Editor of "New
Europe," will lecture on the subject,
By Crockett Johnson

"The Small States in Post-war
Europe," Friday, March 23, at 8:00
p.m., in the Rackham Amphitheatre,
under the auspices of the Depart-
ment.-of Political Science. The public
is cordially invited.
Professor Antoine Jobin, of the
Department of Romance Languages,
will give the sixth of the French Lec-
tures sponsored by Le Cercle Fran-
cais on Tuesday, March 27, at 4:10
p.m. in Rm. D, Alumni Memorial
Hall. The title of his lecture is:
"Souvenirs de France."
Academic Notices
Students, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: Students who
fail to file their election blanks by
the close of the third week of the
Spring Term, even though they have
registered and have attended classes
unofficially will forfeit their privi-
lege of continuing in the College.
E. A. Walter
Students, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: No course may
be elected for credit after the end of
the third week of the Spring Term.
March 24 is therefore the last date
on which new elections may be ap-
proved. The willingness of an indi-
vidual instructor to admit a student
later does not affect the operation of
this rule.
E. A. Walter
Registration for Graduate Record
Examination: The Graduate Record
Examination will be given on the eve-
nings of April 16 apd April 17 in the
Rackham Bldg. This examination,
required of all degree candidates in
the Graduate School, is open to
Seniors in the undergraduate units
and td students in the professional
schools. The University will pay the
fee for this April examination. Any-
one wishing to take the examination
must register at the Information
Desk of the Graduate School Office
in the Rackham Bldg. before March
To all lale students in the College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:
By action of the Board of Regents,
all male students of this College, e-
cept veterans of World War II, must
elect Physical Education for Men.
This action has been effective since
Tune, 1943, and will continue for the
duration of the war.
Students may be excused from tak-
ing the course by (1) The University,
Health Service, (2) The Dean of the
College or by his representative, (3)
The Director of Physical Education
and Athletics.
Petitions for exemption by stu-
dents in this College should be ad-
dressed by freshmen to Professor Ar-
thur Van Duren, Chairman of the
Academic Counselors (108 Mason
Hall); by all other students to Asso-
ciate Dean E. A, Walter (1220 Angell
Except under very extrordinary
circumstances no petitions will be
considered after the end of the third
week of the Spring Term,
The Administrative Board of
the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts. -
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and The Arts: Attendance re-
port cards are being distributed
through the departmental offices. In-
efti + - c "irorc i -carifn.,c aron

on page 46 of the 1944-45 AN-
NOUNCEMENT of our College.
E. A. Walter
Summer Session, 1945: Students
who are interested in electing courses
in Surveying to be given at Camp
Davis during the summer session are
requested to notify Prof. Harry Bou-
chard at 209 W. Engineering Bldg.
English 85 one-act play tryouts
will be held today and Friday at 3
p.m. fourth floor Angell Hall. All
students interested in participation
are invited.
Geometry Seminar: Today at 4:15
p.m. in 3001 Angell Hall. Professor
G. Y. Rainich will speak on introduc-
tion to asiomatics of projective geom-
etry. Tea at 4.
The special short course in speeded
reading will be given for students
who wish to improve their reading
ability. Those interested will meet
Tuesday, March 27 at 5, Rm. 4009,
University High School Building,
School of Education. At that time
the course will be explained and time
of meeting set. If you are interested
and cannot attend the organization
meeting, call Mr. Morse, Ext. 682, for
further information. There is no
charge for this non-credit course.
Student Recital: Ruby Joan Kuhl-
man, pianist, will present a program
of compositions by Scarlatti, Beetho-
ven, Brahms and Debussy at 8:30,
Friday evening, March 23, in Lydia
Mendelssohn Theater. Given in par-
tial fulfillment of the requirements
for the degree of Bachelor of Music,
the program will be open to the
general public.
All-Beethoven Program: The third
program in the current series of Sun-
day evening piano recitals by mem-
bers of the School of Music faculty
will be played by Kathleen Rinck at
8:30 Sunday, April 25, in Lydia Men-
delssohn Theater. It will include
Beethoven's Sonata, Op. 2, No. 3,
Sonata, Op. 31, No. 2, and Sonata,
Op. 110. The general public is in-
Events Today
Inter-Guild Tea: Tihe "Inter-Guild
Inventory" will continue at Lane
Hall today at four o'clock with a
talk by Rev. H L. Pickerill entitled
"Congregationalists, Disciples and
Protestant Action." Miss Priscilla
Hodges is to be secretary of the
event. All students interested in this
study of Protestantism are cordially
invited to attend.
Sophomore Cabaret Central Cm-
mittee: There will be a meeting for
members today in the Undergradu-
ate Office. Eligibility cards must be
brought to this meeting.
Tea at the International Center,
every Thursday, 4-5:30 p.m. Faculty,
foreign students, and their American
friends are cordially invited.
Hillel Foundation Workshop Com-
mittee Meeting: There will be a
meeting of the Workshop Committee
at 4 p.m. today at the Hillel Founda-
tion. All members must attend. A
rhion-illmhp P etpae






- -

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O'Maley Enterprises, Inc. Good
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