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March 22, 1945 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-03-22

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WEAT 1HER
Clear and Warmer
Today

VOL. LV, No. 101 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN THURSDAY, MARCH 22, 1945

PRICE FIVE CENTS

'U',Local Veteran
Rally ToBe Today
Blanchard, M~a jor Buirlingame Will
Discuss Yes Pro lem s Opportn ities
World War II Veterans from Ann Arbor, those attending the Univer-
sity, and the families of all local servicemen will be present at a rally,
8 p. m. today in the Rackham Amphitheatre to discuss problems relating
to the returning veteran.
Carl H. Blanchard, representing Governor Kelly, will be the main
speaker. Blanchard, a member of the State Office of Veterans' Affairs,
a veteran of World War I and a holder of the Purple Heart, will deliver the

Yanks Seize Nazi Chemical Center

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Engineers To Revive Honor System

Veterans Can
Aid Wounded
Service-Disabled Vets
To Be Offered Jobs
Disabled veterans in Washtenaw
County who are interested in helping
their own battle-wounded comrades
as a career were urged by James R.
Slocum, Commander of Washtenaw
County Chapter, Disabled American
Veterans, to apply at the meeting of
the D. A. V. at 8 p. m. tomorrow at
the VFW Club Rooms.
A training program is being spon-
sored jointly by the DAV and the
U. S. Veterans Administration to
train disabled veterans of World War
II for jobs as national service offic-
ers of the DAV.
Must Have Honorable Discharge
Commander Slocum urged service-
disabled veterans to inquire about
the training program. To be eligi-
ble for this special training program,
for which the veteran is paid by both
the Veterans Administration and the
DAV, the applicant must have an
honorable discharge and service-con-
nected disability incurred in World
War II, as well as necessary educa-
tional background.
Includes 5 Months College Training
The program, the DAV Command-
er said, includes five months of aca-
demic work at American University,
Washington, D. C., and up to eight-
een months of on-the-job training
under the supervision of DAV na-
tional service officers in the field.
The first class began last fall.
The program will be continued to
enable the DAV to place service of-
ficers at each of the 504 discharge
centers throughout the nation. from
which disabled veterans are being re-
leased.
Walla.e Will
Talk on Drugs
Protecting the public and dental
profession from harmful and use-
less patent drugs will be discussed at
11 a. m. Monday, in Kellogg Audi-
torium, by Dr. Donald A. Wallace,
Director of the American Dental As-
sociation, Bureau of Chemistry.
Making a nationwide tour under
the sponsorship of the American
Dental Association, Dr. Wallace, for-
merly of the Northwestern Univer-
sity faculty, plans to acquaint dental
students with reasons and results of
the Council. This Council, composed
of dentists, includes Dr. Floyd D. Os-
trander, professor of Dentistry, in
charge of materia medica andthera-
peutics at the University.
Refresher Course
Offered Veterans
A call is being sent out to all vet-
erans interested in a refresher course
in the mechanics of English compo-
sition. Those veterans having trou-
ble with English grammar and com-
position, and those who are now
enrolled or plan to enroll in Englis.
1 or 2, are asked to contact Mr
Davis, Rm. 19, Angell Hall, to mak
arrangements for the course.
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today Dr. Fisher to lecture on
Intercultural Activity 4:10
p. m. Rackham Amphi-
theatre. -
Today Veterans' Rally meets at
8 p. m. in Rackham Am-
phitheatre.
Today Student Town Hall forum
discusses compulsory

post-war military train-
ing at 7:45 p. m. Lane
Hall lecture hall.
March 23 Dr. Felix Gross speaks
on "The Small States in

'speech expressing the opinions of
Governor Kelly who was unable to
come.
This rally is sponsored by the four
local veterans organizations, the Am-
erican Legion, VFW, DAV, the Vet-
erans' Organization, and the two
committees, the Veterans' Bureau
and Veterans Committee of Ann Ar-
bor.
Representative of each of these
organizations will be gven the op-
portunity to tell what that organiza-
tion has to offer the veteran regard-
ing the work it is doing and expects
to do for the veteran.
Major Garnet J. Burlingame, also
of the Office of the Veterans' Affairs,
will be present at this rally and will
speak.
There will be opportunity for any
person to present a question to any
of the representatives of any organ-
ization and receive authoritative
answers.
The families of servicemen are in-
vited to attend so that they may
understand what is being done for
the veterans and what pensions,
loans, and grants will be available.
Many men and women in the Arm-
ed Services have written home desir-
ing such information and this is an
opportunity 'to get it from the direct
sources.
This Rally will also help acquaint
the new veterans on campus and
those who are Ann Arbor residents.
All veterans are urged to attend this
meeting and to present any prob-
lems they may have.
Assembly Will
Sponsor Red
Cross Program
Assembly Organization in coopera-
tion with the Red Cross will sponsor
Red Cross Night at 7:30 p. m. Mon-
day in the Rackham Amphitheatre.
The purpose of the program is to
familiarize students with the work
of the Red Cross at home and abroad
and to tell the public in a concrete
way how their contributions are be-
ing used. It is an effort to inform
college students of the opportunities
that are open to them now and after
graduation in the ranks of the Red
Cross.
Campus Servicemen Featured
Featured on 'Red Cross Night will
be three campus servicehen, all of
whom have served overseas. They
will give first hand accounts of their
experiences with Red Cross units
abroad. Movies showing Red Cross
workers in action will also be pres-
ented.
Red Cross Work Discussed
The opportunities' offered to, the
Organization's workers will be dis-
cussed by a Red Cross represent-
ative, who will speak on the differ-
"nt phases of volunteer work and
of the career possibilities in the Red
Cross.
Nurse's aid work, motor corps, and
home nursing are part of the volun-
tary duties of the Red Cross. The
positions of field directors and over-
seas recreation workers are full time
jobs, which may be developed into
Life time careers.
Following the representative's talk
there will be a question period.

Reds Drive
To Six Miles
'From Danzi g
Mass Huge Forces
Along Oder River
By The Associated Press
LONDON, March 21-Russian
troops drove a new spearhead within
six miles southwest- of Danzig today,
as Soviet commanders to the west
massed powerful formations along
the Oder all the way from besieged
and flaming Stettin upriver to cap-
tured Kuestrin.
The Germans said that Russian
shock troops already had begun new
attacks west of the Oder River with-
in 32 miles of gutted Berlin.
Russians Take Nine Towns
Driving into the enemy's Danzig-
Gdynia pocket, Russian troops swept
up nine towns and villages including
Klien Boelkau, six miles southwest
of the former free city, and captured
600 Germans, Moscow announced.
The Germans said the Russians were
employing 500,000 men in the Dan-
zig Bay battle.
Split East Prussian Pocket
To the east other Soviet forma-
tions further split the lower end of
the East Prussian pocket southwest
of Koenigsberg, gaining complete
control of the mouth of the Passarge
River and capturing the road town
of Grunau, three miles southwest of
Heiligenbeil, the enemy's only re-
maining stronghold in the area.
Stettin was being pounded by a
torrent of Russian shells hurled from
siege lines less than three miles of
that Pomeranian capital and port
which protects Berlin on the north.
Within 58 Miles of Austria
Far to the south another Soviet
army attacking within 58 miles of
Austria threatened the big Danube
River stronghold of Komarom (Ko-
marno) in northwestern Hungary,
half-way between Budapest and the
Bratislava gap to Vienna, Berlin said.
One Soviet wing also crashed into
Szekesfehervar, big road junction and
former Hungarian capital 32 miles
southwest of Budapest, the enemy
said.
Soviets Prepare Offensive
Girdling for the great all-out So-
viet offensive toward Berlin and
Dresden Marshal Ivan S. Konev's
First Ukraine army was reported
ready to vault the Neisse River in an
assault toward Cottbus, big commu-
nications center 47 miles from the
Reich capital, and toward Sprem-
berg, 13 miles to the south.
IRA To Hold
Social Meeting
Inter-Racial Association will hold
a social tomorrow at 8:30 p.m. in the
Unitarian Church.
Members and their friends are
invited as well as those interested in
becoming members of the organiza-
tion. There will be entertainment,
dancing, and refreshments.
Claudia Jones, editor of Spotlight
magazine, and Prof. Leslie White of
the Department of Anthropology ad-
dressed I.R.A. members last semester.

Action Effective
Only in), Junior,
Senior lasses
The Honor System of Examina-
tion, long the pride of the College of
Engineering, will be revived for jun-
iors and seniors before April 15, ac-
cording to the program set up last
night by the Engineering Council.
Jahn Sorice, named chairman of
the Honor Council, in announcing
the revived examination system,
declared, "We feel that the Honor
System lost its prestige on campus
after it wvas nearly abolished last
fall. We believe that it must be
revived quickly to save it from
total collapse."
Acting on the urging of many en-
gineering students who last semester
"had their first taste of proctored
examinations," the Engineering
Council has set up the machinery for
unsupervised tests to "see if once
again the Honor System can be oper-
ated as successfully as it was in pre-
war days."
Although still affected by un-
settled wartime conditions that
necessitated abridging the Honor
System last fall, the Council has
acted to renew the Honor System
for "the security of future engi-
neers." "The engineering student
takes pride in the Honor System,
and so that incoming students and
returning civilians may share that
pride, the Council has taken this
step before the Honor System has
a chance to die completely,"' Sorice
affirmed.
Announced last fal as a curtail-
ment of the system only in the fresh-
man and sophomore classes, with the
instructor's option on other classes,
many of the examinations in all
classes were proctored last term.
"The Honor Council hopes as soon.
as possible to make the system uni-
versal in all classes, but for the time
being, only juniors and seniors will
be tested by the honor method," Sor-
ice declared.
The Honor System, since its in-
ception in 1916, has always been
under the jurisdiction of the stu-
dents through the Engineering Coun-
ci. In case any civilian student vio-
lates his no-assistance pledge, his
case is tried by the student Honor
Council.
Four Nominated
To Fill Vacant
Union Positions
Four men have been endorsed by
the Union Nominations committee as
candidates for election to the office
of Vice-President of the Union, to be
chosen tomorrow in a special election
from 8:45 a.m. to 2:45 p.m. in Uni-
versity Hall.
John Timms of the law school will
run unopposed. Morton Scholnick,
Frank Ruck and Don Lund will be
candidates for the vice-presidency
representing the combined Schools
of Music, Education, Forestry, Busi-
ness Administration, and Public Hea-
lth.
Members of the nominations com-
mittee endorsing the nominees are
Ross Hume, Thomas Donnelly, Rob-
ert Bennett, Richard Seitz, and
Michael J. Cancilla.
Election rules set up by the Judi-
ciary Council provide for:
1-At least two persons stationed
at ballot boxes during polling hours.
2--Election rules and directions
will be printed in The Daily preced-
ing every election.
3-Campaign issues will be made
clear and candidates' petitions will
be published in The Daily.
4-Call for petitions will be made
at least one week before petition
deadline, and election date will be

set five days after Judiciary Council
announcement.
5-Campaigning will be prohibited
within 50 feet of polling places, and
electors will vote only once except in
multiple choice elections.
6-Identification will be checked
and closesupervision will be main-
tained over balloting by attendants.
Statements of candidates appear
on page 4.

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Lauterbourg
FR ANCE
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Baden
05 Strasbou'rg.
STATUTE MILES s
WHERE AMERICANS RACE THROUGH GERMAN DEFENSES-
Arrows locate main American drives along the western front (heavy
solid line). The U. S. Third Army reached Mainz, captured Worms
and passed Kaiserslautern, nearing a junction with Seventh Army
units driving from the south. The First Army continued to expand
the bridgehead to the north.
BUILDS GOOD WILL:
Fisher Says Exchanging of
Students Increases Tolerance

Patton Routs
Disorganized
German Forces

"Challenge to Intercultural Activ-
ity" will be the subject of Dr. Edgar
J. Fisher, assistant director of Inter-
national Education, in a lecture 4:10
p. m. today in Rackham Amphithea-
tre. Dr. Fisher will be introduced by
Dean Keniston.
"The exchange of students is a
fundamental and important way of
building up this thing we call inter-
national understanding," Dr. Ed-
gar J. Fisher stated in a Daily inter-
view yesterday.
Citing the success of a project
known as the Junior Year, under
which groups. of American students
studied abroad during their third
year in college, Dr. Fisher empha-
sized that "the tolerance and under-
standing of which students are cap-
able can make up something far
more important to good will than
Employment
Is Subject of
Griffen' s Talk
"The most pressing problem of
post-war employment is maintaining
a high level of production," Dr. Clare
Griffen, professor of Business Eco-
nomics in the School of Business
stated in a lecture before the Veter-
ans' Organization yesterday.
Dr. Griffen pointed out the magni-
tude of the problem by saying that
post-wartproduction should see the
greatest increase in output that the
world has ever witnessed and that
this will enable us to gain a higher
standard of living.
A wrong slant is achieved, he stat-
ed, if we think merely in terms of
jobs. The emphasis must be placed
on productivity.
The rate at which businessmen
will produce determines the road we
will follow. Conversion is the most
important aspect of this, and we
-hould take steps promptly to facili-
tatn it he stated.

the work of business men and diplo-
mats."
Dr. Fisher, who is visiting the Uni-
versity for a series of discussion
meetings with campus groups, ex-
plained that the Junior Year pro-
gram, when discontinued at the out-
break of war, incl.uded branches in
France, Spain, Germany, Mexico and
Switzerland. "It will probably be
revived in 1946 or 1947, expanded to
include Russia, England and various
South American countries," he com-
mented.
"We have a very considerable re-
sponsibility in the education of Euro-
pean youth, which has had little op-
portunity for learning during the war.
They will study our systems .and re-
turn prepared to assist in the re-
habilitation of their own countries,"
Dr. Fisher noted.
425 Foreign Students in U. S.
Discussing the increasing move-
ment in international education, Dr.
Fisher remarked that there are at
present 425 foreign studenas in the
United States under the Institute of
International Education alone, as
compared to 25 previously. There is
a growing interest in the facilities of
American universities, he said. "It all
adds up to a much finer type of
understanding. We used to meet on
a basis of mutual ignorance," he com-
mented.
Dr. Fisher revealed that from two
to three thousand applications for
British universities have already been
sent in by American soldiers. These
men will form a group who appre-
ciate what has gone, on in' Europe,
and will be of great value in post-
war cooperation, Dr. Fisher stated.
Prof. Wilicox
Will Lecture
The question of how we will use
our power in the post-war world will
be discussed by Prof. William B.
Willcox of the history department at
8:30 p.m. tomorrow at the B'nai
Brith Hillel Foundation in a lecture
n*m+flnr 61 - r nan p . . fr mhn.

By The Associated Press
PARIS, Thursday, March 22-Am-
erican tanks crashed through the
great German chemical center of
Ludwigshafen on the Rhine today
as the U. S. Third and Seventh Ar-
mies continued to grind disorganized
German forces west of the river in
the maw of disaster that may cost
the enemy as many as 100,000 men in
killed, wounded and captured.
Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's rac-
ing Third Army armored forces
plunged straight through Ludwig-
shafen and reached the Rhine inside
that city of 150,000 population. They
sent another column slashing south-
ward to the highway junction of
Neustadt, where it was within 19
miles of another junction with the
Seventh Army-a new giant poten-
tial trap around the Nazis.
First Army Reinforced
At the same time doughboys of
Gen. Courtney H. Hodges' U. S. First
Army east of the Rhine, reinforced
by armor for the first time since the
original crossing two weeks ago, en-
larged the Remagen bridgehead
northward as much as three miles
and fanned out along a seven mile
stretch of the Seig River which flows
into the Rhine north of Bonn.
Patton's Third Army, still running
wild, made advances of as much as
ten miles during the day, cleared 20
towns and entered four. Thousands
of prisoners were taken.
Ludwigshafen, fourth big German
city entered or taken by the Third
Army in two days, was pierced by an
armored division which headquarters
has not identified. Another column
of the same division also reached the
Rhine a mile north of the city after
an eastward thrust of 7'/ miles.
Fleeing German troops blew up the
imposing bridge which connected
Ludwigshafen with its twin industrial
city of Mannheim on the east side of
the river.
JAG School's
Cu~rriculum Cut
Two Courses Dropped
Until After V-E Day
The monthly courses in Contracts
and Readjustment, part of the JAG
School curriculum, have been tem-
porarily suspended probably till after
V-E Day, Lt.-Col. Reginald Miller,
Commandant of the School, announc-
ed recently.
Reasons for the suspension were
given as the availability_ of suffi-
cient number of trained officers to
meet present requirements and the
shifted emphasis from readjustment
problems to procurement and the
production of war materiel.
Instructors Will Be Rotated
As resumption of the course is
foreseen by high-ranking officers in
the Office of the Under Secretary of
War, instructors in Contracts and
Readjustment at the JAG School will
remain at their stations as a unit.
Instructors will be rotated on tours
of temporary duty in the field until
classes are resumed so that they will
maintain a first hand knowledge of
field developments.
Officers Assigned Temporary Duty
Temporary duty has already been
assigned to Captain Leslie L. Ander-
son and First Lieutenant Norman
Roth. Capt. Anderson has been as-
signed to the Office of the Director
of Materiel, Readjustment Division,
Army Service Forces, and Lt. Roth to
the Procurement Office, Chemical
Warfare Service, New York Office.
484 Officers Trained
Instruction in the regular advanced
officer training course and 'the of-
ficer candidate course will continue,
emphasis being applied upon advance
planning for terminations to permit
rapid conversion of industry at the
appropriate time.

Since May, a total of 484 officers-
have been trained in nine Contracts
and Readjustment courses.
Professors' Association

COMPULSORY TRAINING:
Student Town Hall Meeting Is
Open for Campus Discussion

Compulsory post-war military
training is the student affairs topic
that will be discussed at the first
meeting of Student Town Hall at
7:45 p. m. today in Lane Hall lec-
ture hall.
Organized for the purpose of giv-
ing students an opportunity to ex-
press their own opinions informally,
the Town Hall will consist of a series
of three discussion meetings. held

Campbell, George N. Spaulding, and
Marvin Shafer.
Richard Scatterday, (Law '48),
former varsity debater, has been
named as student moderator of the
forum that will follow the debate.
He will direct the discussion to which
all students are invited to contribute
their views.
Faculty Members Welcome
Although these meetings are pri-
marily designed for student partici-

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