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February 17, 1944 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-02-17

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._...... _... ...,, a "as a - yU -U1 ; Z.U, a I 43. i 87 C.J M Ja L A
I - - -- - --_- -.._._.-'-.............. -__._..- _.---1-_-'___- __

t

Fi f ty!0na(r h Year

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and. every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The- Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication ot all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lication of all othe-r matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
Editorial Staff

Marion Ford
Jane Farrant
Claire Sherman
Marjorie orradileo
Eric Zalenski.
Bud Low .
Harvey Frank .
Mary Anne Olmon
Marjorie Rosmarin
Hilda Slautterrihck
Doris lKuent. .

. . . Managlng Editor
. . . Editorial iDirector
S . . '. City Editor
. Associateot Editor
* . A . Sports Editor
* A~soeit pfirt$ Editor
. . . Women's Editor
. . Ass't Womn's Editor
. m.'. . Culmi'nist
. . , Cumni't

j iisllPrss Slelff

M)lly Ann Winokur
Elizabeth Carpenter
Martha Opsion

. . . ioinem~ Manager
. Aras't 13um. Manager
. . A.s't lus. Manager

Telephone 23-24-1
NIGHT EDITOR: VIRGINIA ROCK
Edi/orials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by me/ers of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
PREJUDl)ICES:
McKenzie Questionts
CIO (Caiteeinin, Capitol
"HOW can anyone be a party to encouraging
white girls into the arms of Negro soldiers
at a canteen dance while singing 'Let Me Call
You Sweetheart'?"
That was the interesting question posed by
Representative Charles McKenzie of Louisiana
which was printed in the Congressional Record
yesterday. It came as the result of the open-
ing of a CIO-sponsored servicemen's canteen
in Washington which permits both white and
Negro servicemen to attend and has both white
and Negro hostesses.
The question shows the hard-to-answer logic
of inborn prejudice. It subtley by-passes all in-
telligent arguments that demand equal treat-
ment of races to facilitate education and devel-
opment of peoples who have not been given the
chance to improve their intellectual and social
status.
It is the same old question you have thrown
in your face every time you bring up the subject
of racial tolerance. Someone is bound to ask
with a triumphant expression on his face, "You
wouldn't want YOUR sister to marry a colored
guy, would ya?"
You answer, "probably not," and patiently
explain that your plea is for tolerance, equal-
ity of opportunity, and has very little, if any-
thing to do with mixing the two races. You
explain that you are against discrimination
and that you believe in that trite but true old
phrase, "All men are created equal."
But this very rarely satisfies the humbugs and
they keep prating on the same old theme, feel-
ing that their arguments are unanswerable and
refusing even to consider the problem in the
cold, undecorated room of moral values and in-
telligent discussion.
Therefore we answer the gentleman from
Louisiana's question with the same sort of emo-
tional drivel. "No," we scream, "don't encour-
age white girls to dance with Negro soldiers at
a canteen dance while singing 'Let Me Call
You Sweetheart.'
"Make them sing, I Hate You 'Cause Your
Feet's Too Big'!" -Ray Dixon
SENA TE E PORJ TS:
Interim tim ( artes
Must Re Destroyed
THE SENATE Subcommittee for War Mobili-
zation issued a report recently, which dis-
closed some startling information about the poli-
cies and actions of the Int ernational Cartels.
Two of the cotbinaions mentioned by the
report include the Aluminum Compa ny of
America which is allied with Aluminum Ltd.I
of Canada, the American Bosch Corporation
and Bendix Aviation Company which are con-
bined with the Robert Bosch Company in
Germany.
The chemical, pet roleum products, aspirin,'
electrical and radio equipment industries all are
controlled in part by cartels. As a result prices
are higher than they would be ordinarily, qu ality
is kept down and supplies are restricted.
It was the cartels who helped rearm er-
many. In fact. American companies such as

UP TO CONGRESS:
1'oldiefs Wil Vote Only
Witlh'Federal 11(141l! Plan
41 1federal Soldier Vote Bill has been kicked
;around so much in Congress lately that it
remains uncertain whether the servicemen and
women will have an opportunity to vote at all.
In the Senate the Green-Lucas Bill, which
provides for a uniform federal ballot, still
holds the upper hand. In the House the East-
land-Rankin "states' rights" bill still leads
the field. To add to further confusion, the
house will debate today on amendments writ-
ten by Senator Ferguson and submitted by the
Senate to a House committee.
The Republicans, despite their "constitutional
double talk," fear that a majority of servicemen
will vote for a fourth term, since the Republican
candidate for President will, in all probability,
be unknown to most servicemen overseas.
The Republicans, however, fail to consider
that the American people believe that every-
thing possible should be done to permit all the
men who are fighting for the preservation of
American democracy to vote, and should be
permitted to say what they wish for the
future.
The Republican candidate for President in
the coming elections will have a tough time ex-
plaiming to the American public, why his party
opposed the Federal Soldier Vote Measure.
A UNIFORM federal ballot would be the only
method that would assure the people of Am-
erica and our fighting .men that everyone can
vote, and that servicemen will be permitted to ex-
ercise the franchise that is rightfully theirs.
States ballots would be too complicated, and
would in all probability refuse the right to
vote to many men, because of poll-tax and
registration restrictions. Furthermore, it would
be very difficult for the ballots to reach all the
men and women overseas, since they are moved
so frequently.
A federal ballot would disregard all restric-
tions; would be simple to understand and easy
to handle; and would reach all servicemen
through their commanding officers.
Congressmen must now realize the issues
at stake, and that the people of America want
a federal ballot for servicemen. It is hoped
that the members of the House of Representa-
tives in the debate tomorrow will disregard all
their personal grudges against the Soldier Vote
Bill, and vote for the bill that would provide
for all men, in all parts of the globe, the right
to vote by a uniform federal ballot.
-Aggie Miller
DREW ,
PEARSON'S
MERRY-GO-ROUND
WASHINGTON, Feb. 17.-There was one tu-
multuous press conference with Governor Tom
Dewey, recently, which never got into print. It
was over the Soldier's Vote Bill and the racket-
busting prosecutor, who ha's sent many a gang-
ster to jail, skidded all over the plce trying to
dodge taking a position.
The conference occurred just after Dewey
telegraphed Senator Styles Bridges of New
Hampshire that a federal ballot which would
not list state, county and other local offices,
was not in accordance with New York law.
Senator Bridges promptly posted the Dewey
telegram on a Senate bulletin board, whereupon
Albany newsmen who had been trying unsuc-
cessfully for days to get Dewey's views on the
Soldier's Vote, immediately pounced on him.
When cornered at a press conference in Al-
bany, the young governor finally explained
that upon the previous Saturday night he had
been on the verge of favoring the federal ballot
for soldiers. But on Saturday Mrs. Dewey had

heard a radio speech by an Illinois Congress-
man which she felt was very effective against
the federal ballot.
At this point newsmen were told that this was
all off the record, including even the questions
asked of Dewey. They claimed that their own
questions should not be off the record, where-
upon Governor Dewey replied:
"I don't see why not. That's the rule at
White House press conferences."
"Oh, so you've been studying press confer-
ence rules at the White House?" chorused sev-
eral newsmen significantly.
After about 20 minutes of argument Dewey
finally agreed that newsmen could publish the
fact that he had been asked a question on the
Soldier's Vote and that the reply was "No com-
ment."
Note-Actually Governor Dewey had his facts
twisted on White House press rules. Newsmen
always quote questions asked of President Roose-
velt, whether he replies or nqt, including recent
questions about running for a fourth term.
No Comic Strips
One thing that troubled State Department
Coordinator Jim Landis, during his stay in Cairo,
was lack of comic strips.
Before going to Cairo; Landis had made a
pact with his two daughters, Stella and Ellen,

'd lRarther
__B IRligh_
- By SAM UL LGRAFTON
NEW YORK, Feb. 17.-If I were asked to be-
come a teacher in the German schools after the
war, I would insist on using "Mein Kampf" as a
text-book. I would make the little Germans in
my class memorize the entire volume, page by
page. I know they would hate me, as a foreign
teacher imposed upon them by force, and so I
would try to make them hate "Mein Kampf,"
too. I would make them sick of it, as well as of
me.
I exaggerate, I spoof, yet this seems to me at
least as practcial as any other scheme for "edu-
cating the Germans" I have come across. Who
are the golden minds among us, serene, poised,
with all problems solved, ready to do the educat-
ing? Shall we tell the Germans how capital and
labor ought to deal with each other? But we are
still in the process of solving that one for our-
selves. We haven't found an answer for home
use yet, let alone for export.
NO ANSWERS FOR EXPORT
We are still in a great, frightful rage with each
other over so old an American problem as state-
federal relationships, yet many of us do not;
doubt that we are quite ready to g across and
tell the Germans how to live. What shall we
teach the Germans about "democracy"? Shall
we teach them to believe in collective bargain-
ing and the closed shop? But our own minds
are not yet made up on these points, and one
can imagine the Congressional uproar that would
follow any such a t mpi, to indoctrinate Ger-
mrany.
Shall we teach the Germans that every man
and woman ought to be allowed to vote, or that
there should be a system of poll-taxes? Either
choice will lead to a frantic argument back here
at home. The German pupils will listen while
their American teachers quarrel.
LET'S STICK TO'O TIE POSSILE
Once again I ask that in our approach to the
Germans, we stick to the possible, and realize it,
rather than reach for the impossible, and fail.
A new way of life does not start in the schools;
schools merely reflect whichever way of life al-
ready exists. We Americans are not democratic
because we are democratic. Schools sum up the
answers which society has reached. But society
must first reach the answers, of and by itself.
We are already putting the Germans through
one important educational experience, by beat-
ing them. We are already teaching them a
great lesson, the lesson of the failure of fas-
cism. That is truly how a societ learns. I
suggest that in our approach to the German
people, we build on this beginning. I suggest
that we address the German people in the
following terms:
"Germans! We are going to exile many thous-
ands of your leaders. We are going to- occupy
Germany. We are going to dissolve your state;
you are not to have army, navy, munitions fac-
tories, or foreign policy. As for the rest, we say
this to you:
THEY MUST SOLVE US
"We do not love you, we do not hate you. You
are caught in a certain historical predicament.
Very well, then, get out of it, as best you can.
It is not our problem. It is your problem. Try
to solve your problem. We promise you nothing.
Run your schools as you please. If you pick
unsuitable teachers; very well, you will pay the
penalty; the occupation will be prolonged.
"It is your problem; we cannot solve it for
you; we do not intend to try. Your past mis-
takes have placed you in a predicament, out
of which, it so happens, you can emerge only
by convincing us and persuading us that you
can be trusted. You are not our problem, for
we intend to make ourselves safe against you,
whatever happens. But we are your problem.
You must solve us.

"Very well, then, solve us. It is you who must
answer the hard questions, not we. It is a mat-
ter of indifference to us whether you succeed in
answering them, or not. It is up to you, whether
you care to face the ultimates at last and whether
you care to think your way through your predic-
ament."
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
to clip "Terry and the Pirates" and send it to
him every day. But, never a strip came. When
he got back to Washington, he exclaimed:
"So that's the kind of daughters Ihave! Why
didn't you send me Terry?"
The girls protested, "But we did, daddy-every
day!" They said that they clipped the Wash-
ington Post daily, sent the letters to the State
Department, unsealed, for inclusion in the diplo-
matic pouch.
"The State Department!" said Landis, smell-
ing a rat. Ile investigated. ie found what he
suspected. The State Department had raised.
its eyebrows at the sight of comics in the diplo
matic pouch. Terry had been consigned to
the waste basket.
Note--Perhaps it's a sense of humor which is
the long-sought secret tirouble with the State
Department.
(Copyright, 1944, United Fea ures Syndicate)

1, Bxl BAtA IIERININTON
MOST of us, even n1,1 1'of the old-
guard professors, realize that
the AS'TP program here as force-
fully pointed out many fallacies inI
the old teaching lmethod now in
use.
The Jamison board noted this.
In the release of the proposed pro-
gram for returning veterans it wasj
stated, "It was further pointed out
that many of the changes in edu-
cational method that have oc-
curred as a result of large-scale
armed service specialized training?
programs will be continued after
the war." This is vague. Perhapsj
it must be at the present time. But
it is to he hoped that it will soon
be worked out specifically.
As an example of what might be
done, consider the teaching of mod-

HIC cati asses ave Ww fdef n l eIII-
structions, except that they must
minimize the teaching of grammar
as such. This must be a working
part of the language, not an ab-
stract theory. And through the
drill sections, the ASTP man re-
ceives a great deal of practice in
speaking the language.
It is not assumed that this pro-
gi-am is perfect. It has been said, for
instance, that 17 hours a week are

GRIN AND REAR IT By Lichty
-- - - as
f t
- I.. 1
Y7 \ r
F( 1/
- p
"No-it was worse than a nightmnre-he says it was a swell idea
for a radio mystery seri ml!"

ASTP SHOWS TIlE WAY:

7
I
i
i
I

RevoC~C~lutionin

Teachig

ein languages. At present, this is a too many: thlt such intensification
rather haphazard procedure. In many is beyond l[e point of diminishing
aspects of it., a definite policy is not returns
even dc('ided upon, mtuch less Vol~ - Ut the org-nzat iou a l
w.,ino smed in e la o
A nmami in the AS'I' program (ivilians are lar, o- to the other
taking Spanish, for exampe, has extreme.

These 17 hours include classes and
drill sections. Professors teaching
h nlsc e+ },-11 Phu Ao il i v.

"

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

-

THURSDAY, FEB. 17, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 82
All notices for the bally official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Notices
Mid - Year Graduation Exercises:
Feb. 19, 1944, 9:30 a.m., Assembly in
Hill Auditorium (Academic Dress).
All Graduates will be seated in Sec.
III, the center section, Main Floor.
Seating will be under the direction of
Marshalls.
Color Guard will assemble in Lob-
by, first floor.
IHonor Guard will assemble in
Lobby, first floor.
Deans and Directors who take ac-
tive part in the exercises will assem-
ble in east dressing rooms, first floor.
Regents, Secretary, Minister, Speak-
er, President, and others of Group
I, Honor Section will assemble in
west dressing rooms, first floor.
Other Faculty Members will assem-
ble in second floor dressing rooms.
The seating of the public will be
under the direction of ushers.
10:00 a.m., Opening exercises.
Tickets for the Midyear Gradua-
tiorn Exercises are now available
at the Information Desk, Rm. 1,
University Hall. After 9:30 a.m.
Saturday, Feb. 19, they may also be
obtained at the box office in Hill
Auditorium.
Midyear Graduation Exercises:
Classes on Saturday morning, Feb.
19, with the exception of A.S.T.P.
classes and the Saturday classes of
the School of Education, will be dis-
missed at 9:45 a.m. to permit faculty
members and students to attend the
Midyear Graduation Exercises.

of scheduled activities for the day.
Libraries and offices will remain
open. '
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments has received notice of the fol-
lowing civil service examination, U.S.
Closing date: Feb. 28, 1944. Classifi-
cation: Junior Aeronautical Inspec-
tor (Trainee). Salary: $2,600 a year.
{ requirements: A current commercial
pilot's certificate of competency or
completion of CPT secondary and
Cross Country courses or graduation
from a flying school of the Army,
Navy, Marine Corps or Coast Guard
having served as pilot on active duty.
For further information see notice
which is on file in the office of the
Bureau of Appointments, 201 Mason
Hall, office hours 9-12 and 2A.
Choral Union Members are re-
minded to call for their courtesy
passes to the concert of Ezio Pinza,
between the hours of 9 and 12 and
1 and 4, on the day of the concert,
Monday, March 6 (first day of the
second term) at the offices of the
University Musical Society in Burton
Memorial Tower.
Academic Notices
Examination Schedule: Wednes-
day, Feb. 23, 2-4 P.m.
Etigish I
Be'rtram n. ...............205 MIV
Bred-o.d - - ---- - 0-17 All
Cal r ..................2003 All
Davis...................2235 All
Eisinger .................2082 NS
Engel..................D Haven
Everett...................229 AH
Fletcher ................. E Haven
Fogle ....................1035 AH
Greenhut ...............4003 AH
Hawkins ................2231 AH
Helm...................2203 AHl

W HY are languages studied "This
is not lear. At least, it is not
clear if judged from the manner in
which they are taught. True, we are
given many theoretical reasons. The
knowledge of a language is an aid In
traveling. What language student
can now after two or three years of
study, carry on a conversation with
a native? The knowledge of a for-
eign language is an aid to good
English. A direct study of English
would help more than a half know-
ledge of another language. The
knowledge of a foreign language en-
ables one to read foreign language
books in his field of Specialization
But it has been discovered that after
two or three years of study the stu-
dent is unable to read such books
either intelligently or with any de-
gree of facility. The prospective
teacher, however, does learn to teach
the language-by the old, old meth-
ods. So at the present time such
p~urposes mean little.
They could, howecver, if students
learned to handle the language
efficiently. Nor is this too mnuch
to ask. It can le done,
The emphass must, of course, be
placed on the first two years of
study. Ifthe language course dur-
ing the first two years were a six or
eight hour course, how much faster
the student would learn to handle
the language. Much of the time
should be spent in oral-aural prac-
tice, for it is by means oi'the ear and
the tongue that one learns to think
in the foreign language and read it
well. Grammar should be taught, but
it should be taught through practice
in thteapplication of it instead of as
a host of rules and exceptions to the
rules, In a word, the teaching should
be more direct.
There is no definite policy now
concerning how much the profes-
sor should speak the foreign lang-
uage in class. A workable policy
has been concisely stated, how-
ever: "The foreign language should
be used as much as possible; Eng-
lish should be used as much as
necessary."
There also seems to be some con-
fusion as to the means and the
result. If French is studied so the
student will be able to read and
understand French literature, is it
not strange to use this literature as
a translation exercise before the
student is proficient enoughin the
language to appreciate it? In other
Words, the end is used as a means of
reaching that end.
More emphasis should probably
be placed on learning to read books
in the student's field of specializa-
tion with but little reference to a
dictionary.
Language professors who have
been teaching for many years now
realize that much greater progress
could be made through the applica-
tion of some of the principles. There
are obstacles, financial obstacles, for
instance. But they are not insur-
mountable.
35 Angell Hall; Eaton and Courant:
1035 Angell Hall.
German 2-Winkelman (2 sec-
tions): 2003 Angell Hall; Gaiss, Phil..
ippson & Willey: 2054 Natural Sci-
ence.
German 31-all sections: D Haven
Hall.
German 32-both sections: 3017
Angell Hall.
Applications in Support of Re-
search Projects: To give Research
Committees and the Executive Board
adequate time to study all proposals,
it is requested that faculty members
having projects needing support dur-
ing 1944-1945, file their proposals in
the Office of the Graduate School
by Friday, Feb. 18, 1944. Those wish-
ing to renew previous requests
whether now receiving support or
not should so indicate. Application
forms will be mailed or can be ob-
tained at Secretary's Office, ino.
1006 Rackham Btilding, Tel. 372

Final Examination for History 116
will be held in Rm. G, Haven Hall,
instead of in Rm. 1025 Angell Hall,
on Friday, Feb. 25, 8:00-10:00-
Sociology 51: Final examination
for all sections Sattirday, Feb. 26,
8-10 a.m. The room arrangement is
as follows: 1025 Angell I1al l- Carr,
Hawley and Myers; Nattual Science
Auditorium-Holmes, safi n
Bouma.
Sociology 54: Final exa mination
for all sections Thursday, Feb. 24.
8-10 a.m., Rm. C, Havon ila .
Biological C~hemnistry Semlinar will
be held oan Fridiay,. Feb. 18, at 4 p.m.,
in Rm. 319 West Medical Building.
'The Biological Occurrence and Me.
tabolism of the Pyrimidines" will be
discussed. All interested are invited.

BARNABY

11_

Washington's Birthday: Since
Washington's Birthday, Feb. 22, this
year falls in the final examination
period, there will be no suspension
y Crockett Johnson
7And now, off to the

5
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Morris
Ogden
Pearl .
Ray men
Rowe
Schenk
Thorpe
Warner
Weaver
Weimer
Wells. .
Williams
English2
Calver
Fogle
Millar.
lalcn

.... ....... . 18 AH
.~Gaven
. .........016 AHl
t...................205 MH
.......... ....... 3011 AH
.. 3017 AH
............... .2203 AH
..................2225 AlH
............. 2215 AH
..................4203 AlH
...2235 Al
.. . . .. . .102 Ec

O'Malley! No! I1refuse to be
made invisible! Don't do i,
- Nothina to it. Gus.

Anyway, it was quite painless
and- But let me refer to this
Fairy Godfather's Handy Pocket
Guide-"Three waves of a fine

Thot's oll Il have to do, Gus,
ond -Cshlanochree! You're
inyisible already! Aren't you?

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