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BUFFOONS TAKE ACTION:
Con gressional Reaeuionarie [o h A gills, La i4s.
Follow 'Road Back to Normiilcy' rT J W/in W(Ir
Edited and ma rl h rtihntid ot wt i oTveity of
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of Student Pu lications.
Published every mornin , t4xcrpt Monday during the
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420 MADISON AVE. NEW YORK. N. Y.
cao Go - o -Osh -Ir as A - IAr14'.CO
Membtr, AssoCiated Collegate Press, 1943-44
Bud Low . . .
Harvey "rank .
Mary Anne Olson
.l . .M1Vanaging Editor
. . . Editorial Director
. . . . City Editor
. . . Aociate Editor
. . .Sports Editor
. A-iate 8ports Editor
. Assodttc Zsports Editor
. . Ass't Women's Editor
. . . . Columnist
. . . . Columnist
. . .BuRsiness Manager
S . Ass't Bus. Manager
S Ass't Bus. Manager
P4olly Ann Winokur
Martha psion '
NIGHT EDITOR: JENNIE FITCH
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Comittee Difers with
Senate on Milk Prices
THE Producer - Consumer Milk Committee
threatened Detroit with a milk strike Sunday.
Charging that the farmers were not receiving
enough for their milk, the committee demand-
ed that the OPA raise the producer's price
ceiling to $4.16 a hundredweight plus a 50-cent
subsidy on all Class 1 milk. The OPA ruling
now in effect calls for a 35-cent subsidy plus
a flat milk price of $3.69.
On the other hand, the Senate has just voted
to remove the milk subsidy and increase the price
of retail milk.
Thus we have the Senate voting to raise
prices and remove the subsidy, while the milk
committee wants both the price and subsidy
raised. Obviously, the raising of the retail
price of milk will help the farmer, but it is
doubtful if the Senate ruling (now before the
House) will pacify the Produced-Consumer
It would be nice if all the parties concerned got
together on an agreement before the milk supply
of Detroit is further endangered.
May Be Established
FFARS THAT Finland will become "another
Italy" have been frequently heard in Helsinki
and Stockholm, especially because of indications
that the Germans will attempt to hold the nickel
and copper mines in northern Finland regardless
of what Finland does.
There seem to be definite indications that
Finland is moving towards peace with Russia.
One rumor said that contact between Helsinki
and Moscow had been established several days
ago. Finland' seems to be somewhat caught
between the devil and the "dark blue sea" at
the present time.
If she does make peace, then she will become
just another battleground at the present time.
If, however, she doesn't make peace, she will have
to face thbe consequences of her action after the
As things stand at the present time, it seems
as if she is going to try to make peace. Ger-
many would not be as powerful an enemy as
would the Allies demanding reprisals because
Finland has collaborated too long with Ger-
Righ now the children of Finland are being
evacuated from bombing dangers to Sweden.
There would be no need for such a step unless
Finland is preparing for action.
She seems to have decided to chose the win-
ning side. -Doris Peterson
Editor's note: This column is written today y a
former Daily Editor who is spending his time out in
the wide world. With our blessing, but perhaps
not our concurrence, he talks of one of his favorite
ONCE long ago it seemed to me that there were
too many labels cluttering up the American
scene. Now it's worse than-it has ever been.
Take for example our brilliant and high-mind-
ed Congress. Last week they voted for inflation
by voting against a label-subsidies. They just
don't like the word down there in Washington.
It's a nasty word, as anyone can see. After all,
it does stand for one way to help win the war
more quickly and less expensively.
Then there's the soldier vote. All of our'
famed and far-sighted representatives from
NEW YORK, Feb. 15.-It seems to me we are
going to run into serious trouble if we depend on
"trials" after the war to rid the world of axis
leaders, great and small. What will keep us going
until the job is done?
A spirit of revenge? But the revenge motive
(as Somerset Maugham once brilliantly pointed
out) is an anachronism in western life. The lust
for revenge is no longer a respectable emotion
among us; our writers haven't dared use it as a
motive in fiction or drama for decades. The last
great revenge play was "Hamlet," and it took
Hamlet five acts to make up his mind, and then
he bungled it.
MUST WE HAVE TRIALS?
Louis Nizer's book, "What To Do with Ger-
many," proposes trials of axis leaders and axis
criminals; and yet the most persuasive section of
this fine book is that which'shows how completely
we failed to go through with our proposed trials
after the last war. Mr. Nizer outlines a more
efficient system of courts and judges this time.
But even he, a sound legal scholar, draws the
line at depending on trials for the 5,000 top Nazis.
He asks that they be executed out of hand, as a
condition of the armistice.
We have a tendency to slide into legalistic
arguments about the "trials" of axis war leaders.
These are arguments about the form of things.
We must not forget the content of our problem,
more important than the form. The content of
our problem is that we must break the political
power of the axis leaders and sub-leaders forever.
MAKE IT A WAR AIM
Our problem is not to try them, not to judge
them, but to smash them; to smash them as a
condition of our own survival, now and after the
war. The very concept of a trial shows that we
suspend judgment. Or, if we do not suspend
judgment, we are insincere in talking of trials,
for a trial is a suspension of judgment. I do not
want to see the leading elements in axis countries
tried as criminals; I want to see them destroyed
Their destruction, political or physical (eith-
er will do), should not be a separate, post-war
issue; it should be encompassed as an act of
war, as a part of the war, as a condition of
bringing the war to an end.
I don't know whether we are entitled to sit in
judgment on our fellow-creatures or not, but I
do know we are entitled to fight our mortal
enemies. The permanent exile, or imprisonment,
of at least 100,000 members of the leading circles
in Germany, and equivalent numbers in Japan
and Italy, should be one of our war aims, an un-
changable war aim, not subject to trial. This
would be a clean and honest act of war, in line
with the morality of war, which is the destruction
of the enemy by force.
THE WAR'S LAST BATTLE
This wrould seem to me far more honest than
to try to invent courts, and to write statutes, after
the offenses complained of. In line with this
view, I do not care whether Hitler is considered
a criminal or not; I know he is a military objec-
These exiles should be ordered as a simple
act of military government, the removal of
dangerous persons. A guard should be set up
over them, wherever they are sent. No doubt
many Poles, for instance, would be willing to
establish such a uniformed guard as an hon-
orary, life-time service. We should dismantle
the fascist political apparatus as- unemotion-
ally and as automatically as we propose to dis-
mantle the fascist armies and war plants.
There seems to me no room or need for trial
procedure in any of these areas.
Perhaps the Germans themselves, knowing this
to be one of our war aims, might oblige us by
rising and disposing of the 100,000: before we ar-
rived. Well and good, those Germans who did
our work would show themselves to be on our
side. But this job must be done, either as act of
war; as part of the war; as that which gives
meaning to the war. This will be, in effect, the
final battle of the war, and we cannot separate
it from the war without losing it.
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
soulth of the Masoi- lyixo1i line beliwve that the
soldier-vote bill would invitde states' rights.
So they hold up its progress as long as possible.
They vote agaist aa be hich . t.il-s for a
1democratic aim. i w uader :" ties thaI "oice
of those Sotliri iemocrats ieign to l6wer
themselves e-nougii to I.e meiler( of a liT
Better still is IIhe I Iyserical staItc of iepiibl icial
contenders for the presidential nomination. One
is our good neighbor from Ohio--l1onest John
Brieker, the hope of the normaly boys. Honest
John believes we should lower taxes to prevents
inflation, I presume) ; the good governor believes
we should' crack dowi on latter by preventing
strikes?) ; and the ood candidate thinks bil-
reaucracy must go (earlthonakes must go, Russia
must go, rabies must go, Angell Hall must go,
everything must go, it's New Deal>,
WILLKIE is an holiest ald sincere man. Also
his Republican colleagues believe he is a
New Dealer. (The New Deal must go; Willkie
must go, down with progressives.)
Then there's Henry Wallace. He agrees with
some businessmen who have gone into govern-
ment. They say that reactionary businessmen
can constrict America. So Henry Wallace is a
dreamer, because everyone knows that whAt's
good for business is good for America (They gave
me a bowl of s-o-u-p.)
Over there on the other side of the fence,
the labor unions are doing their best to drive
a wedge between the Little Steel formula and
moderately stable prices. (hlere we go round
the worthless dollars, every week at pay-day.)
Their arguments are good, their aim is stupid,
for the result will be completely ancontrollaible
It looks a little like that out where I am. Noth-
ing much makes good sense. We have a war to
win so we go about it by taking the road back to
normalcy. We have to watch out or we'll violate
something that Harding said while he was smok-
ing his breakfast cigar.
There's still a little hope though. Anyway
I'm pretty sure there is, because at the end of
this year we'll have a chance to elect some
people who aren't buffoons and take action on
that which works, not on that which has a
i ri ("* p i r o ly a ohl Sigtu l I i Iliw
3 tr r l~ i t w t - E1 r i ll u1t t
Ii ' [:t, p J"I N :11111 i ' t' ha iflt Il
fl1i s letlI crS «', ial 1. X «r t0111(1 like 1 l
int i i t ht, wriit1 I's i~i +M 1 ident if'y
AME!RICANS now more fully under-
stand the psychology of the Jap;
why there are but slightly more than'
three hiund redJ panese prisoners of
wvar, lifter more( than two years of 1
Vle( sugigest thatf the .lagmnese is
not (tying for emperor alone, but,
because he knows his officers, an1d
fellow soldiers. Had the uynrican
soldiers on Bataan and (:orregidor
known the Jap soldier, they too
whrld have died withi rguniin
their haui, not a spade.w y
C', 1144, B ,Yittas'u IIJ6,3, 2nc.
" - fA# -
"In that respect I'm elik the wif.
£...............~4-'!1Y1 ! f ~i 'Cl r ,U 1 , i1
o a iiew~ a5I1 -wU~ en e w £
S)NE OMISSION, one misleading couple ofn
story, and one error. So stands
the score on The Daily's articles on to build up a higher total score thilm
intramural sports. The omission we
excused; the biased article made ustr ;irilttns lpu n(nr
angry; but the error left us fuming. This same five then went on to
The Daily last year stated that the beat the Navy to take the chamn-
varsity was to play Company E in a pionship. T'lo have read The Mai-
pre-season basketball game. Then it ly's storv on the gaine, oiw Wotldd
neglected to state the outcome of have thought that the Army won
said game. The outcome may have by the grace of God. The truth was
been embarrassing at the start of that the Navy was too tired to play
the season, but now it should be told. decenit ball the last period.
The Army quintet beat the varsity The payoff came though, when'
the first game; then they immedi- Harvey Frank stated ii his column
ately turned around and played, with that "the Miclhigan Reserves had
the same five, another game against won easily from all their opponents."
a fresh team from the varsity, and Did he neglect to witness the game
lost; but in losing they still managed played on Jan. 29 before the Ohio
'--whensit feels (hi-iressed she
Always feel better after I spenid a
State game i wliIh the reserves
were beaten 36 t o 35 by C-omnpany 1
Wheln it ameiiW.,
ay.be if the sporits editors would
realie that. there are a few snore
sch,is anIl teas than those of
Miehigar, and that if a team loses
it doesn't till continue to play
better ball throughout the game
as one Would be blieve of lichi-
ga if one accepted Thei Daily's
sports page as gospel, they could
write stories more heoming to a
college paper instead o4 those oh'
high school caliber.
-Some Ira ('may E Men
GRIN AND BEAR IT
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
WASHNGTON, Feb. 15.-The extent to whic
Army wives influence promotions, dictate milita
expediency and dominate the Army always ho
been a matter of warm debate at Army posts.
Inside the War Department, there are tv
schools of thought. One admits there is a cer
tamo amount of petticoat influence; the othe
maintains that the Army is a man's Army an
that women have absolutely nothing to do withI
Those of the former school point to the fact
that General John Pershing, when only a cap-
tain, married tie daughter of Senator Francis
Warren of Wyoming, then chairman of th'
Senate Military Affairs Committee, after which
Pershing was jumped in rank and became a
Brigadier General. Then, when Woodrow Wil-
son faced Senate controversy over who should
head an American Expeditionary Force to
France, with many Senators demanding Teddy
Roosevelt, Wilson selected Senator Warren's
son in law.
The petticoat school also points to the fact tha
General Douglas MacArthur first married th
beautiful daughter of Edward T. Statesbury,
J. P. Morgan partner, who requested Secretaryo
War Weeks to advance MacArthur to the ranko
major general when most of his West Point class
mates were still majors and colonels.
In the other school are those who point to;
host of high-ranking generals whose wives hai
had no political influence on their careers. Ger
eral Marshall's first wife aspired to be an opers
singer, was sick for a long time, finally died
Low Countries Pact -. .
One healthy sign for post-war cooperation is ai
agreement being negotiated backstage betweei
the small countries of Western Europe. It is
customs union between Holland, Belgium an(
Luxembourg, to become effective immediatel
after the war.
Diplomats of these countries in London an(
Washington are working out a deal whereby thes(
small neighboring countries would reduce al
tariff walls. On the surface, this may seem jus
plain common sense, which it is, but in terms c
pre-war European politics, it is sensational.
Hitler forced Austria into an Anschlus with
Germany before the war and, from a purely
economic point of view, it worked. For years,
the smaller countries of Europe faced hazard-
ous economic and political problems as separate
entities. If they were linked together in a sort
of Unted States of Europe, a lot of European
bickering would be eliminated.
(Copyright, 1944, United Features Syndicate)
TUESDAY, FEB. 15, 1944 4
VOL. LIV No. 80
All notices for the rally OficialB nl-
letin are to lx,-ento the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3::3
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should he subititedl by 41:30 aan.
Fourth War Loan Drive: To buy
War Bonds, call 2-3251, Ext. 7. A
"Bond Belle" will pick up your order
and deliver the bond the next day.
Use this service and help the Uni-
versity meet its quota.
University War Bond Committee
Midyear Graduation Exercises:
Classes on Saturday morning, Feb.
19, with the exception of A.S.T.P.
classes and the Saturday classes of
the School of Education, will be dis-
missed at 9:45 a.m. to permit faculty
members and students. to attend the
Midyear Graduation Exercises.
Washington's Birthday: Since
Washington's Birthday, Feb. 22, this
year falls in the final examination
period, there will be no suspension
of scheduled activities for the day.
Libraries and offices will remain
tract and owe a balance of approxi-
mately 60 per cent of the value of the
property, the Investment Office, 100
South Wing of University Hall,
would be Iglad to discuss Jin aneing,
tHr ough the citiMur of a first mort-
gague.Such ianmcing may e ct :
suta ir l:tial sa vl~ ing i itet'f.
'conservation of Public Utilities:
It is ured that every member of the
University community, faculty, stu-
dents, clerks, and other employees,
constitute himself or herself a com-
mittee of one to contribute in every
reasonable way to the end that there
shall be no waste of electricity, wa-
ter, gas, oil, coal, or of communica-
tions or transportation service. Ths
notice is in behalf not only of thel
University administration but of var-
ious United States Government au-
English 1 and 2-Examination
Schedule, English 1:
Bacteriology Seminar will meet
today at 5 p.m., in Rm. 1564 East
Medical Building. Sub.ject: Relaps-
ing Fever. All interested are inited
I)octordil oxaminatiofm or ll -laind
N. Cisney, Psyciromogyl thesis: "The
Stability of Vociional In (erest
Scores during th Hih School Peri-
od," Wednesday, . , ;,Wes;t ufil-
cil Room, Pwckhani Blclin', 4:00
p.m. Chairman, C. H. Griffitts.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members of
the faculties and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend this examina-
tion, and he may grant permission to
those who for sufficient reason might
wish to be present.
Seniors (Meni and Women) in All
Departments of Engineering, and in
Chemistry, Mathematics and Physics:
Representatives of the National Ad-
visory Committee for Aerunautics,
the Bureau of Aeronautics of the
Navy Department and the U.S. Civil
Service Commission will be in Ann
Arbor all (lay Fridaty, Feb. 18, to
interview seniors in the above de-
partments. (Please read notices post-
ed on the bulletin boards of these
departments.) Interested seniors will
please sign the interview schedules
posted on the Aeronautical Engineer-
ing Bulletin Board, near Rm. B-47
East Engineering Building.
. 2482 NS
... D Haven
Special Payroll Deduction for War Fletcher
Bonds: Arrangements can be made Fogle...........
with the Payroll Department to make Greenhut........
a special single deduction for pur- Hawkins.........
chase of War Bonds from salary Helm ........... .
checks due on Feb. 29 only. This Morris
would be over' and above the regularOge.....
deductions under the payroll savings Ogden
plan. Those wishing to use this Pearl...........
method should send written instrue- Rayment........
tions to the Payroll Department re- Rowe...........
garding the amount of the bond and Schenk.
the names and addresses in which itTr
should be registered. Deductions can .Thor.pe........
be made only in the amount of $18.75 Warner.........
or multiples thereof. Instructions Weaver.........
must reach the Payroll Department Weimer.........
not later than today. War Bond Wells.
purchases made by this method will
be counted in the Drive. Williams........
University War Bond Committee English 2
.. 1035 All
.4003 Al Concerts
2231 AH Faculty Recital: Gilbert Ross, vio-
.2203 All linist, will present a program of com-
18 All positions by Tartini, Caporales, Scar-
C Haven latti, Mozart, Fran-k, Finney, Szy-
2016 AH manowski and deFalla, at 8:30 p.m.
205 MH Thursday, Feb. 17, in Lydia Men-
3011 All delssohn Theatre. Professor Ross will
3017 A1IIbe accompanied at tlie piano by
307 All Helen Titus, another member of tie
2203 All faculty of the School of MuAsic. The
2225 AlH program will be open to the general
2215 All public withiiout ciharge.
Faculty members who have civilian
war activities to report to the Uni-
versity War Historian will please fill
out the mimeographed form mailed
to them a few weeks ago and return
to 156 Rackham Building.
Committee on University Archives
If you wish to finance the purchase,
of a home, or if you have purchased
improved property on a land con-
By Crockett Johnson
M illar ..,... .
German Department Room Assign-
ments for final examinations, 2:00
to 4:00 p.m. Friday, Feb. 25:
German I-Gaiss (2 sections) &
Winkelman: 205 Mason Hall; Van-
Duren and Copley: 2225 Angell Hall:
Diamond, Reichart & Philippsbn:
35 Angell Hall; Eaton and Courant:
1035 Angell Hall. I
German 2-Winkelman (2 sec-
tions): 2003 Angell Hall; Gaiss, Phil.
ippson & Willey: 2054 Natural Sci-
German 31-all sections: D HavenI
The student branch of the A.I.E.E.
will hold a joint meeting with the
Michigan section tonight at 8 o'clock
in the Amphitheatre of the Rackham
Building. Professor L. N. Holland
and Mr. J. F. Cline will speak on
"From 60 Cycles to 6.000 Megacy-
cles." This will be a discussion of the
problems of generation and trans-
mission at 6,000 megacycles as com-
pared to 60 cycles. Consideration will
be given to tr'ansmission lines, cavity
resonators and wave guides at ultra-
high frequencies. Lantern slides and
demonstrations will illustrate the
University of Michigan Chaipter,
A.A.U.P.: The Chapter announces a
series of discussion meetings on post-
- - -~-
1--- 1-1 z- .-I-lo-, I Iq
GepyiSW 1944 field. Nbf-ri- -
I believe I've finally imbued Gu
my indom tqble courage, m'boy.
my balance he's become overco.
s with some of1
But not having
nfident. And he's
What brave strategy have you
devised, Gus?. . . To protect you!
against an unseen antagonist-
C C) CKET-T-,
1C7ta'v t 1; r
Ishall decline to
remove my glasses
during the contest.
I I 1
.- _ _.l i """ E