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February 15, 1944 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-02-15

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Weather
Snow Flurries

VOL. LIV No. 80 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN TUESDAY, FEB. 15, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Ruthven Stresses
Realistic Schools
Claims Present Demobilization Plans
Insufficient To Meet Post-War Needs
Special to The Daily
DETROIT, Feb. 14.-Disavowing the popular belief that "demobilization
schemes, bonuses and other perquisites" will be adequate in meeting post-
war needs, President Alexander G. Ruthven told the Economic Club of
Detroit today that these methods "will not be sufficient to avoid internal
chaos after this war."
Dr. Ruthven, who has in recent years been a leading exponent of
more popular and comprehensive adult education, asked for a more en-
lightened adult education programs
to aid this country in meeting post-
war problems and to permit it to
take a leading role in the democracies
of the world.

Reds

Take

K orsun

Trap

100,000;

AAF, RAF, Slash Nazis Below Rome
-- - -- - -- -

Michigan's President entertained
five paramount fears that would
endanger the future of higher ed-
ucation:
1) "I fear our schools may not
move fast enough to be ready for
peace. I hope post-war planning
can now be accelerated, unhamp-
ered by tradition and outmoded
patterns of thought.
2) "I fear our schools will continue
to have sole concern only with the
education of youth. I hope our col-
leges . . . will see . . . that they are
only partly meeting their responsi-
bilities unless they also cultivate the
field of continuing an adult educa-
tion.
3) ". . . our schools will imme-
diately after the war, in their zeal to
serve the veterans and war workers,
be tempted to short-change them by
lowering standards.
4) ". . . our schools will not strong-
ly enough insist upon taking the
leadership in directing social changes.
I hope our educators will exhibit .. .
courage in refusing to by intimidated
by either organized or unorganized
opposition when they take up with
their students the so-called 'hot sub-
jects.'
5) "; . . our schools will not re-
alize the oneness of the world (Mr.
McCormick to the contrary not-
withstanding), and that education
to be real 'must be international
both in spirit and in fact."
Dr. Ruthven drew upon his experi-
ences in England when he toured
that country last fall on invitation
and pointed out the amazing state of
achievement the British have reach-
ed in the field of adult education and
education for peace.
He claimed what he described as
our "isolationism and provincialism"
is preventing us from taking our
proper place in the post-war world.
Painting the pattern of the future,
Dr. Ruthven stated that we are faced
with two alternatives:
"Either we must be content to
let the strong govern the weak, and to
teach our young men when so order-
ed to go to war and ask no questions,
or must through educational efforts
assist our citizens to understand
themselves and their neighbors.
V-Ball Tickets
On Sale Today
In response to public demand, a
limited number of additional tickets
for V-Ball which will be held March
3 in the Sports Building will be put
on sale today.
Following is the schedule of sales:
All campus-1-4 p.m.-Corridor
"U' Hall.
Army- 5:30-7:30 p.m.- Main
Lounge, East Quad.
Navy-6-7:30 p.n.-First half
deck, West Quad.
All campus-6-7:30 p.m.-Union
travel desk.
Students are asked to present Uni-
versity identification cards at time
of purchase and only one ticket will
be sold to each person.
Victory Ball this year will be fea-
tured by Less Brown and his orches-
tra together with Fletcher Hender-
son and his band. Dancing will be
continuous from 9 p.m. to 2 a.m.
The elimination of entering bar-
ber shop quartets to select the three
finalists who will sing during the
dance will be held the end of the
week.
Willow Run Council
Approves Budget
A $50,000 budget for next year was
approved at the annual Willow Run
Community Council meeting yester-
day.
The Community Council has as its
source of income the contributions of

Local 50, UAW-CIO. Half of the con-
tributions from Local 50 to the Com-
munity Fund goes to the Willow Run

ALEXANDER G. RUTHVEN
... spoke in Detroit

Thunderbolts
Hit Main Nazi
Fighter Base
Airdrome Attack Is
Made Without Loss;
France Bombed Again
LONDON, Feb. 14.-()-American
Thunderbolt fighter-bombers took
over the offensive to whittle- down
German air strength today with a
smash at the Gilze-Rijen airdrome,
one of the Nazis' main fighter bases
in Holland, executing the swift at-
tack without loss.
The almost daily bombardment of
Nazi installations in northern France
continued meanwhile without let-up,
with RAF and Allied Bostons, Mit-
chells, and Mosquito bombers under
Spitfire escort giving emplacements
there the 42nd daylight pounding in
56 days.
RAF typhoons joined the cross-
channel offensive, striking an enemy
airfield and other military targets in
northern France.
All bombers returned from the at-
tacks on northern France, but the
RAF lost four fighters in the day's
operations.
This base is used by the Germans
to launch interceptors against Allied
fleets bound for Germany, a task for
which Hitler is apparently saving his
fighter force.
German planes poured a heavy
rain of incendiary and explosive
bombs on the London area and parts
of southeast England last night, and
Berlin declared "several hundred
planes" made "another concentrated
attack" on the center of London. Bri-
tish officials estimated 80 planes
came over, with 15 penetrating to
the capital. Six were reported down-
ed.
Senior Engi eers To
Hold Mass Meetig
A mass meeting for all members
of -the class of '44E will be held at
5 p.m. tomorrow in Rm. 348, West
Engineering Building 'to make plans
for a definite class organization and
to make announcements of interest
to graduating seniors, it was an-
nounced yesterday.
John DeBoer, '44E, reelected pres-
ident of the Engineering Council,
stated in an interview recently that
the program of the Council for the
coming term will be to institute a
policy of "liberal culture" for the
engineering student on campus.
DeBoer stated, following his re-
election, "We hope that we will grad-
ually be able to change the outlook
of engineers, as a whole, from that
of usual industrial job-holders to
that of professional men with a
background of liberal culture."

Ceaseless Air
Assault Halts
New Attacks
Yank 'Generals Ready
To Hit Abbey Shielding
Enemy Near Cassino
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Al-
giers, Feb. 14. - British Wellington
night bombers capable of packing
huge "block-buster" missiles have
joined American warplanes in a dev-
astating 'round - the - clock assault
against German forces threatening
the Allied beachhead near Rome, it
was disclosed today as ground fight-
ing slackened in that area.
Stalled for two weeks by the Ger-
mans' use of the Abbey Monte Cas-
sino over-looking the Cassino battle
front, the Fifth Army notified the
monks and any other Italians in ref-
uge there yesterday to get out as
"the time has come when we must
train our guns on the monastery."
Leaflets fired on Abbey Hill by
Allied artillery carried the warning.
Nazis Hide Behind Abbey
The Germans have lined the slopes
leading to the abbey with machine-
gun nests and snipers and have been
reported using the monastery as an
observation post and as a machine-
gun stronghold.
Battle line reports said there was
little activity in the Cassino area
during the day because of a truce re-
quested by the Germans to bury their
dead. In the town, the Germans still
held firmly to the southern part.
With the return of fair flying
weather after 36 hours of storm, the
Allied air force smashed at the en-
emy in more than 800 sorties yester-
day and last night, the two-engined
Wellingtons concentrating on Nazi
reinforcerneit columns and supply
lines around Campoleone and Cec-
china, near where the fighting of the
past week was hottest.
Line Holds Firm
The Allied line defending the
beachheid was firmly held and re-
mained substantially unchanged ov-
er the week-end, a headquarters
spokesman said. The ground was
spongy from many inches of rain,
impeding the use of armor by both
sides.
Such ground fighting as was re-
ported yesterday raged around the
battered village of Carroceto (Apri-
lia), ten miles north of the Allied
supply port of Anzio.
Willie States
His Candidacy
4/

Army Guard Fires Salute

An Army guard fires the last salute over the burial ground of American dead on Kwajalein. They
died in the invasion and capture of the Jap base in the Varshall Islands.
U' Bond Head I WITHOUT RESISTANCE:f,

for U. S. Dead on Kwajalein

i

Asks Effort
To Meet Quota
Saturday Audit Shows
$11,000 Needed To
Top $160,000 Goal I
"With slight additional effort on
the part of the University staff it will
be possible to make our $160,000
quota in the Fourth War Loan
drive," R. Gordon Griffith, chairman
of the University bond committee,
said yesterday.
No total has been taken by the
University since Saturday's audit
showed a figure of $149,000. A final
count-up will be made today.
'Belles' Intensify Efforts
During this last day of the Fourth
War Loan drive, the "bond belle"
messenger service is intensifying its
efforts to put the University over the
top. Commenting on the work ac-
complished by the JGP "belles,"
Deborah Parry, '45, chairman, said
yesterday, "The girls have always
been enthusiastic and they have
done an efficient job of collecting
and delivering war bonds for the
last four weeks. We've taken orders
everywhere on campus and the
whole-hearted response of the Uni-
ver staff has made our work very
enjoyable."
Warren Cook, chairman of the
Washtenaw County bond committee
termed the county drive a "definite

i

Allies Occupy Rooke Between
New Britain and New Guinea

Campaign
Presented

Foundation
in Outline

PORTLAND, Ore., Feb. 14.-()-
Wendell Willkie in a formal an-
nouncement of his candidacy for the
Republican presidential nomination
today designated Ralph H. Cake as
his pre-convention manager and out-
lined the foundation for his cam-
paign.
The Republican Party can win the
1944 election, Willkie said at a press
conference, only by presenting proof
to the people through its nominee
and its platform that:
1. The war can be fought as effec-
tively or more effectively with a
Republican instead of a Democrat
in the White House;
2. The GOP has a better under-
standing than the Democratic Party
of post-war social and economic ad-
justments which will confront the
United States;
3. The Republicans' interest in and
understanding of the United States'
role in cooperation with the world
is stronger and deeper than that of
the Democrats. This "must not be a
mere cloak put on for political and
campaign purposes but a deep and
abiding belief," Willkie said, and
must be carried by the presidential
candidate himself.
Upon this structure, Willkie said,
his campaign will be carried through-
out the 48 states under the organi-
zational leadership of the GOP na-
tional committeeman from Oregon.

By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN SOUTHWEST PACIFIC, Feb. 15, Tues-t
day.-The Allies have occupied Rooke Island in Vitiaz Strait, between Newt
Britain and New Guinea, the high command announced today.
Ground forces also seized Gorissi village on New Britain, 21 miles east
of Cape Gloucester where the Marines .landed Dec. 26.
A communique two days ago announced that the Marines had extended
their holdings east of Borgen Bay in the Cape Gloucester sector. The oc-
-cupation of Gorissi village evidentlyt
- was a further extension of the leath-£
erneck's territory.1
URBgThe move onto Rooke Island Feb.
T A 12, Saturday, was not opposed by the
Is Approved Japanese and no contact with the
enemy was reported.
By Com m tt Allied aircraft ,ontinued their,
pounding on Rabaul, at the north-
WASHINGTON, Feb. 14.-(IP)-A eastern tip of New Britain, and Kav-J
$1,350,000,000 authorization for the ieng, on the northwestern tip of New
United Nations Relief and Rehabili- Ireland, with 326 tons of bombs. Nine
e N RJapanese planes were destroyed in
tation Administration was approved the raids. The Allies lost three.
by the Senate foreign relations com- The Admiralty Islands, northwest
mittee today with a string attached of New Britain, were hit with 90 tons
to keep Congress in touch with its of Allied bombs, and other aircraft
activities. smashed at Wewak, the Japanese
base on the northeastern coast of
The committee approved 16 to 1 a New Guinea, destroying seven enemy
House-passed resolution giving this planes on the ground and set a
government agency authority t o 3,000-ton freighter afire.
spend that amount for relief work in * *
countries liberated from the Axis.
But it put a June 30, 1946 limita- Y ank IM arsha ll
tion on the authorization, amending
the House resolution which would
have been good until two years after
the war ends.
U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEAD-
i * QUARTERS, PEARL HARBOR, Feb.
D eac me Set 14.2- (P) -Japanese planes raided
United States positions in the Mar-
For D fshall Islands last week for the first
time since the invasion of Jan. 31 and
WASHINGTON, Feb. 14.-(I)---Se-American aircraft reached out al-
lective service said today the date most to the Caroline Islands in ex-
when colleges must file applications tending their attacks to new Mar-
for deferment of students under the shall atolls.
new and tighter regulations govern- The enemy raid, announced today
ing such deferments has been ex- by Admiral Chester W. Nimitz along
tended until March 1. with the American attacks, was made
Undergraduates who are not sen- Friday night against Roi Island of
iors and not pre-professional stud- Kwajalein atoll. Damage and cas-
ents no longer will be eligible for de- ualties were reported as "moderate."
ferment unless they are studying en- Most significant of the American
gineering, physics, chemistry, geo- attacks, which carried the daily time
logy or geophysics. Even then the to- table of raids forward for another
tal number is restricted to 10,000. three days, probably was the three-
The national roster of scientific day hammering of Eniwetok atoll,
and specialized personnel, a part of principal enemy staging base from
the War Manpower Commission, has Truk. Fleet carrier-based planes
divided the 10,000 among colleges, made the assault. There was no
assigning each a quota. fighter opposition and no ground fire.
Students Rush to Daily for Dates

Rail Center
Falls After
11-Day Fight
Russians Admit 'Slight
Nazi Wedge,' Tighten
New Annihilation Ring
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Feb. 14.-The Red Ar-
my today captured the Ukraine rail-
way village of Korsun, the core of re-
sistance for the remnants of ten
trapped German divisions of perhaps
100,000 men who have fought with
the ferocity of wounded beasts for 11
days.
In announcing the fall of Korsun
-on the Ross River 25 miles south
of the middle Dnieper-Moscow's
bulletin said, however, that large
German reliefforces attacking out-
side the annihilation ring west of
Korsun had succeeded in driving "a
small wedge" into Soviet lines at the
cost of heavy manpower and mater-
ial losses.
On the northern front Russian
troops captured several more local-
ities on a 70-mile front between Luga
and Lake Peipue in their drive south-
ward toward Pskov, less than 40
miles beyond Soviet spearheads...
Russians Draw Noose Tight
Pskov is the communications key
to the Baltic territories of southern
Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, and
also is the feeder point for an ex-
posed Axis salient jutting 110 miles
eastward from Pskov to Staraya Ru-
sa, on the south side of Lake Ilme,
In the vicious Ukraine fighting
the Russians gave no indication that
German tank and infantry forces
outside the Korsun annihilation ring
would succeed in reaching their trap-
ped companions.
The Germans trapped in the Kor-
sun sector, 80 miles southeast of
Kiev, apparently now hold a strip of
territory only four miles deep on
either side of the Ross River between
Korsun and Steblev, eight miles west
of Korsun.
Nazis Send Relief
The exact position of the German
relief army attacking outside the So-
viet encirclement ring was not dis-
closed. The broadcast-communique
recorded by the Soviet monitor said
the slight wedge in Russian lines oc-
curred northwest of Zvengorodka,
which is 25 miles southwest of Kor-
sun.
The Russians began their exter-
mination of the ten German divisions
Feb. 3 after the firt'and 'sconid. Uk-
rainian armies under Generals Niko-
lai F. Vatutin and Ivan S. Konev had
jmined forces south of Korsun in the
Zvenigorodka- Shpola sector, thus
creating a circular trap 50 miles in
diameter just below the middle Dnie-
pr.i
Saturday Date
Of Gad uation
The University's second war-
prompted mid-year graduation ex-
ercises will be held at 10 a.m. Satur-
day in Hill Auditorium.
The more than 489 graduating se-
niors in all schools and colleges will
hear John A. Hannah of Michigan
State College deliver the principal
cmmencement address on the topic
"The Debt We Owe."
All classes except ASTP and School
of Education will be dismissed at
9:45 a.m. Saturday to permit stud-
ents and faculty to attend.
Because of the accelerated Uni-

versity academic year embracing
three terms a year, mid-year gradu-
ating exercises were initiated last
March at which time more than 950
students were granted degrees.
Dr. Ruthven intends to leave the
campus shortly after comencement
to attend the first Pan-American
educational Conference at the Uni-
versity of New Mexico.
Finnish Leaders Confer
On Peace with Russia
STOCKHOLM, Sweden, Feb. 14.-
(P- Finnish government leaders held

War Loan Is 4% Short
Of Quota on Last Day
WASHINGTON, Feb. 14-(P)-The
$14,000,000,000 fourth war loan goes
into its final day tomorrow still four
per cent short of overall success and
34 per cent shy of the $5,500,000,000
quota set for individual participation.
Tonight's Treasury report placed
total sales at $13,450,000,000, of
which individuals accounted for $3,-
611,000,000. Corporation and other
"big money" buyers bought $9,839,-
000,000 worth of securities, or 116
per cent of their quota.
success" yesterday and pointed out
that the fact that the county is now
nearly $1,000,000 beyond its $7,477,-
000 goal.
E Bond Sales Lag
However, sales of E series bonds
are still lagging in Ann Arbor, which
is short of its quota by 11.2 per cent.
Cook said that sellers are being
asked to continue their efforts even
after the Fourth War Loan drive
closes today because all purchases
made during the months of January
through Feb. 25 will be counted in
the grand total.
Although sales of two and one-

I

The Student Publications Building
is rapidly becoming a haven for cute
coeds and handsome he-men looking
for Victory Ball dates.

Ci. 1 ban Gi Termed in 'Excellent Shape'

the Daily daters promised they would
do their best to see that "every guy
gets a gal and every gal gets a guy."
Everv serviceman civilian and co-

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