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Edit-1 and managed by students of tihe University. of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publieations.0
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REPR E9NTEO FOR NATIONAL ADVIERTIMNO G OV
National dvertising Service, Inc.
College Pablisbers Rep resentative
420 MAoDisoN Ave. NEW YoRK. N. Y.
CiicAcO * OSTO, . LOS ANGELES . SAW FRANCiiBCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
Majority of Students
Vote for World Police
THE PQST-WAR Council has just completed a
poll of 500 students proportionately repre-
senting the Aripy, the ±Tavy and Marines, civilian
men, and women .students. These 500 voted
better than two to one for some kind of "inter-
national police force." Unfortunately, since the
term "international police force" was not de-
fined and no question was raised about the
international organization that presumably would
control the police force, what this vote means is
that more than two out three students on the
campus are in favor of some in international
control but what kind remains obscure.
They obviously voted for as many different
kinds of police forces as there were differences
in their ideas of the subject. The sailors and
marines were the most favorable (80 per cent
yes) with, the women next (73 per cent yes),
The civilian mein were the least favorable (69
per cent yes) although still voting more than
two to one for it.
The question, "Are you in favor, etc.," is open
to the criticism that it may have suggested a
favorable answer to some students of no pro-
nounced opinions. This could easily have been
avoided by asking half of the voters the same
question in negative form, "Are you opposed,
etc." A number of students found the, limited
"yes" or "no" alternatives inadequate. Some of
thos6 in favor commented: "Yes, temporarily,"
"All nations must be in it," "O.K., so long as I'm
not in it," "Yes, if there is a strong League of
Nations." Opposed comments were: "Too ideal-
istic," "Too political," "Are countries well enough
Obviously, such a poll tells very little except
that probably a majority of the students arej
in favor of some kind of international regulation
of affairs after the war.
--L. J. Carr, Associate Professor of Sociology
Marion Ford .
Eric Zalenski .
Bud Low . . .
harvey Frank .
Mary Anne Olson
. . . Editorial Director
* . . . City Editor
. . . Associate Editor
. . . . Sports Editor
Associate Sports Editor
. Associate Sports Editor
. . . Women's Editor
. Ass't Women's Editor
. . . . Columnist
* . . Columnist
TOR THE GENERAL WELFARE':
W ner Bill Oposed
Molly Ann Winokur
s~ "* u1
. Business Manager
. Ass't Bus. Manager
. Ass't Bus. Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: STAN WALLACE
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are wr/iten by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Rational Veteran's Aid
fHE SWEEPING PLAN made public last night
will no doubt be gratefully received by the
servicemen all over the country, as well as those
The plan shows a good deal of serious and
lraetlcal thought is being given toward aiding
our doughboys at a time when they will need
it most. The centralized application bureau
idea is beyond a doubt the only answer to such
a situation, and illustrates well the calibre of
ohr University president.
We sincerely hope Governor Kelly and the
tate legislature, as well as the legislatures of
other states will affix their stamp of approval,
and the necessary action will be taken promptly.
Students Urged To Sign
Zionist u rm s Petion
PROTESTING the discontinuance of Jewish
immigration into Palestine through the end
bf a transitional period provided by the British
White Paper of 1939, "Avukah," campus Zionist
organization, will continue to circulate petitions
in front of the library today.
On April 1, Palestine will become forbidden
territory for thousands of Jews. A transitional
period of five years, during which 75,000 im-
migrants were to be admitted to Palestine,
will then expire. Thereafter, the Arab com-
unity wil be able to exercise a veto power
on the entry of further Jewish settlers.
Discrimination against Jews has been prac-
tised throughout the world for centuries, but
when discrimination against Jews entering their
own "holy land" begins, then we have a viola-
tion of all those principles that are held dear
by advocates of a democratic society.
The names of those who sign the petitions
will be sent to the British Ambassador in
Washington. By signing the petition, you can
make known to the world that you denounce
facial discrimination of any kind, and will
help toward the establishment of a haven for
tre Jewish refugees of Nazi infested countries.
Fart it.Bloc Wins Fight
Against Food Subsidies
! HE SENATE Farm Bloc, by preventing the
passage of the Maloney amendment to con-
in e thefoods ub nididv nroam for another year.
-BySAMUEL GRAFTON -
NEW YORK, Feb. 11.-The thing that fright-
ens us most about Russia is that we sense the
existence of a Russian plan. To the planless, the
other fellow's plans are terrifying.
We are not so much bothered by the partic-
u.ar steps Russia has taken (forAo Russian
action, in itself, has removed any skin from
our nose) as by the feeling tht Russia knows
where she is going, and is, indeed, rapidly in
mnotion toward her political goal, whatever it
And it is here that our plausible and cheery
defense of expediency falls to earth. We have
made a practice of accepting any small favor
the gods of war may drop in our lap, whether
it be a little fascist admiral or a little king. But,
in the light of the sure knowledge that Russia
has a long-range plan, expediency suddenly
doesn't seem so attractive any more.
NOW WE HAVE TO THINK IT THROUGH
We had even come to make a virtue of our
planlessness; Mr. 1jull tried, in so many words,
to throw politics out of the war; not only did
he proclaim that we must not try to shape the
political futures of the countries we were liber-
ating, but he denounced those who were concern-
ed about the political futures of the victim coun-
Mr. Hull, by his defense of expediency, made
himself, in effect, an adjunct of the War Depart-
ment; the test of his diplomacy was that it be
a handmaiden of military strategy. In our of-
ficial view, war was virtuous and politics sneaky.
POLICY MUST COME FIRST
The State bepartment, and the President, too,
made extremely plausible cases for our dealings
with Petain and Darlan and Badoglio and King
Victor Emmanuel, but the net of their explana-
tions was that- our foreign office had shrunk
to a mere bureau of accommodation within the
But now there is Russia.. And "Aussia ob-
viausly has a plan. She knows what sort of
governments she wants in the neighboring
countries of Europe. She has set a complicat-
ed apparatus in motion to obtain what she
wants. And Russia's planfulness simply terri-
Purpose is shocking to those who are without
it. It seems unfair that the other fellow should
be thinking, after we had proclaimed the rule
of no thinking around here.
WE STILL DON'T KNOW
We still, don't know what futures we want for
Italy, for France, for Spain. We never used our
diplomacy to protect or establish democracy in
these regions. So we drifted or flopped into war.
War to carry out a policy? No, war for the sake
of, well, war for the sake of winning the war.
We had no policy toward these countries to begin
with, and now our policy is to make any deals
which further the war into which we flopped
because we had, no policy.
I am afraid that we shall have to decide that
we, want sturdy democatie states in Italy,
France and Spain, and that we must use both
diplomacy and war to achieve this end, for the
sake of our own nationa interest. Thus
APPEARING in Ann Arbor for the first time
in nearly nine years, Mischa Elman last
night presented the ninth concert in the present
Choral Union series, assisted by Leopold Mitt-
Mr. Elman opened his programn with a
Handel sonata, which has a particularly pleas-
ing fourth movement, that gave everyone an
inkling of the sort of thing they would hear
all evening: lyricism of the most romnantic
sort. The Brahms sonata followed and though
in many ways it formed a contrast with the
preceding work, it continued along in this same
vein, as did the Glazounow Concerto.
We do not mean to say that we object to Mr.
Elman's style, technique or interpretation for he
is certainly a fine violinist; but we do believe
that a greater contrast between numbers could
have been accomplished by chosing from a
wider range of works, and for a better effect.
Such romanticism would have been much more
effective if given in smaller doses or broken up
by compositions of a different, more rigid style.
Considered individually, the works presented
were admirably done; it is simply that heard
all together as they were last night, the atmos-
phere tends to become a little heavy.
R. MITTMAN did an excellent job at the
piano. His work in the sonatas and con-
certo was brilliant and highly finished, while his
accompaniments, sympathetic and sure, were of
the same fineness in both taste and execution.
The second half of the program was opened
with the composition "Poeme" by Chausson,
full of long and- very lyrical thematic material.
Mr. Elman did some of his finest playing of
the evening in his presentation of this work.
A number based on old Irish tunes and "He-
brew Melodie" by Achron followed.
The last number was the famous Paganini
Caprice which has been used by many composers
as the theme upon which to build a set of vari-
ation. The group of variations done last night
was the original set as arranged by the artist's
teacher, Leopold Auer. The variations demand
a great deal of technical skill which Mr. Elman
cetrainly has. He played each one with the
same sureness and agility, and it was here 'that
he proved to the audience the great mastery
which he has over his instrument. Mr. Eiman
gave two encores, Schubert's Ave Maria and a
number by Kreisler. -Jean Atha
WICHITA FALLS, Texas, Feb. 11. - If you
scratch beneath the surface of this, one of the
liveliest little towns in America, you will find
proof of two tragic things which are happening
under the Roosevelt .Administration.
One is something for which you can't blame
the Government-namely, that the time is not
too far off when present wartime rationing
of gasoline may be a normal peacetime neces-
sity. In other words, our oil reserves are run-
ning disastrously low
The other is something which the Roosevelt
Administration could definitely prevent--that is,
the manner in which little business is being
swallowed up by big business.
In the industrial East, it is the little mann
facturer who is going out of business while
six big companies have waxed fat on more
than 50 per cent of all the war contracts. Out
here, it is the little independent oil man who
is gradually being put out of business by the
low price of crude oil and the strangling pro-
cess of the major oil companies.
Every week or so in Wichita Falls, center of a
once-thriving Texas oil field, an independent
sells out to the majors and retires from the
game. The same is true in Tulsa, Okla., and
every other oil field except such rich bonanzas
as East Texas, where oil still gushes instead of
What most people don't realize is that about
one-half the nation's oil is produced, NOT by
the big companies which splurge out the fill-
ing-station advertising, but by the little inde-
pendents. In fact, it is the independents who
have pioneered most of the nation's wells, aft-
er which the majors buy themi up.
Since the majors have to buy most of their
crude oil, they are the last ones to want an in-
crease in its price. They already have the price
of gasoline fixed with a comfortable margin, and
the lower the price of crude, the better for them.
That is why, secretly, they have been rooting
behind their hands for the OPA and Economic
Stabilizer Vinson, who have opposed a price
increase in crude oil.
(Copyright, 1944, United Features Syncdicate)
equipped with purpose, our 'diplomacy would
finally become something more than a kind of
political janitor for the armed forces.
We are afraid of Russia because she knows
where she is going, and we don't. Nothing Rus-
sia could do, or refrain from doing, would cure
that fear. We have to cure it ourselves, by our-
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
By ROBERT GOLDMAN
NOT MUCH has been written about
the proposed Wagner-Murray-
Dingell Medical Bill. The American
Medical Association b has made a
point of keeping the measure out of
Generally speaking the proposal
The hiring of doctors at fixed
salaries to provide medical service;
Designating which doctors can
Determining the number of in-
dividuals for whom any physician
may provide service;
Determining which hospitals or
clinics may provide service for the
The bill provides for a compulsory
12 per cent tax to carry out the
program; six per cent to be paid by
the worker and six per cent to be
paid by the employer. In the case of
the individual who is both employe
and employer a slightly lower tax is
written into the bill. The proposal
names the- Surgeon General of the
United States Public Health Servic'
as the administrator.
it has been reported that stu-
dents in medical school have been
circulating literature which advo-
cates the shelving of the proposal.
Dean Albert C. Furstenberg of the
medical school has stated, "Any
literature which has been circu-
lated on campus, has not been
sponsored by the medical school.")
The following objections to the
measure have been raised by the
American Medical Association and
its many subsidiary organizations.
The AMA flatly labels the bill as
The individual will have to con-
sult the physician of the Surgeon
General's choice, not their own fam-
The Surgeon General has the
power to. divide the patients on a
pro-rata basis among the many doc-
GRIN AND BEAR IT
0, 1944, C-icag.a Tir, n,
, c'1 ,, .-
"Why don't you use the short form, dear? Then if you make a
mistake, perhaps the judge will give you a short term!"
tors in a district if certain doctors
have too many patients;
If the bill becomes law the doctors
will be too busy filling out bureau-
cratic reports to treat patients;
One wage earner in the household
pays the insurance for the entire
family. q #
Only the third and fifth objections
have even a kernel of truth in them.
rJ1HE AMA suggests that instead of
passing the bill, the government
should attack the problem at its
roots. That is, alleviate the unem-
ployment problem, encourage thrift
and private insurance, and expand
the number of voluntary medical
and hospital service plans.
Looking at the other side of the
picture as presented by one of the
authors of the bill who probably
knows something about the proposal,
we see a little different situation.
The preamble , of the bill as
stated by Michigan's Rep. John D.
Dingell says that the bill was rit-
ten to "provide for the general
welfare; to alleviate the economic
hazards of old age disability, sick-
ness, unemployment and depen-
dency; to amend and extend the
provisions of the social security
act; to establish a Unified Social
and National Social Insurance
System; to extend the coverage,
and to protect and extend the
social security rights of individuals
of the military service; to provide
insurance benefits for workers per-
manently disabled, and to estab-
lish a federal system of unemploy-
ment comupensation andtempor-
ary disability maternity benefits"
So these things then are to be
included in the "socialized medicine"
bill that the AMA is ranting about.
DINGELL points out that reaction-
ary elements within the AMA
accuse the writers of the bill and our
"radical" government of attempting
to break the sacred relationship now
existing between the doctor and the
What the reactionaries fail to
realize is that there are many
people living in this country of
"radical" government who never
have enough money to establish
such a sacred relationship. Also
the AMA makes it a point to omit
the fact that under the proposed
set-uip, patent medicine eonupan-
ies that have been muring every-
thing from headaches to corns
wonlil probably lose their aura of
indispensability to the people.
It seems to us that the people who
can afford the proposed tax will
never miss the money, and the peo-
ple in the lower income brackets will
be only too glad to pay the tax and
thus be assured that they will be
provided with adequate medical care.
If the aforementioned objec-
tions to the ill are cosely scru-
tinized, it will be seens that they
are hardly valid. Determining the
number of patients for whom ser-
vice may be provided and desig-
nating which hospitals they may
go to cannot be extremely "detri-
mental to the medical profession."
As things stand now the AMA and
the National Physicians Committee
for the Extension of Medical Service
and a few other powerful reaction-
ary medical organizations and indi-
viduals are definitely against the
passage of the bill. On the other
hand the AFL and CIO and the
Railway Brotherhoods, in addition to
numerous progressive organizations,
support the bill.
ballroom. The doors of the ballroom
will be closed at 7:30. Sunday after-
noon dancing lessons will be held
if enough men are interested.
Research Club: The February
meeting of the Research Club will
be held in the Amphitheatre of the
Rackham Building. Wednesday eve-
ning, Feb. 16, at 8:00 o'clock. The
following papers will be read, "An
Electron Microscope Study of Port-
land Cement Crystals" by Professor
Donald L. Katz and "The Termin-
ology of Arabic Goniometrical Man-
uscripts" by Professor William H.
Original One-Act Plays: Three or-
iginal one-act plays will be given
Monday evening, Feb. 14, at 8 o'clock
by students of acting in the Speech
Department and playwriting stu-
dents of the English Department.
These student-written, student-acted
plays will be presented at the Uni-
versity High School auditorium. Ad-
mission is free. All are welcome.
The Public Health Students Club
will hold a party this coming Satur-
day night at the Women's Athletic
Building at 8 o'clock. The faculty,
staff and alltcivilian and military
students of the school of public
health and their friends are invited.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
FRIDAY, FEB. 11, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 77
All notices for the Daily Official Blul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President; in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices shonid he submitted l11:30 a.m.
Fourth War Loan Drive: To buy
War Bonds, call 2-3251, Ext. 7. A
"Bond Belle" will pick up your order
and deliver the bond the next day.
Use this service and help the Uni-
versity meet its quota.
University War Bond Committee
Mail is being held at the Business
-Office of the University for the fol-
lowing people: Agnes Deveraux, Dai-
sy Graves, Karen Beth Jones, Mary
Lundell, Donald Nilles, Rev. L. C.
Freshman Girls: All freshman girls
not residing in dormitories or in
league houses must leave their name,
address and phone number today
or Saturday on the sheet in the
undergraduate office in the League
in order that they may participate in
Women of the University Faculty:
The meeting tentatively planned for
February will be postponed t~o Fri-
day, March 10. You will receive fur-
ther notification, but reserve this
Alexander Ziwet Lectures in Math-
ematics: These lectures will be given
by Professor Claude Chevalley of
Princeton University, and will be
held on Mondays, Wednesdays and
Fridays, for two weeks, beginning
Monday, Feb. 14, at 4:15 p.m., in
3011 Angell Hall. During the first
week Professor Chevalley will discuss
"Local Class Field Theory," and dur-
ing the second week, "Intersection
Theory in Algebraic Geometry."
Application Forms for Fellowships
and Scholarships in the Graduate
School of the University for the year
1944-1945 may siAl be obtained from
the Office of the Graduate School.
All blanis must be returned to that
Office by Tuesday, Feb. 15 in order
to receive consideration.
Biological Chemistry Seminar will.
be held today at 4:00 in Rm. 319
West Medical Building. "Hemoglo-
bin and Related Pigments" will be
discussed. All interested are invited.
Doctoral Exniminationi for Mildred
Kirtland Magers, Euglish Language
and Literature (Linguistics);: thesis:
"The Development of the Grammati-
cal Use of Word-Order for Relation-
ships Expressed by the Accusative
with Special Reference to the Devel-
opment in Subordinate Clauses,"
Saturday, Feb. 12, East Council
Room, Rackham Building, 9:30 a.m.
Chairman, C. C. Fries.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members.
of the faculties and advanced doc-
toral candidates to attend this ex-
amination, and he may grant per-
mission to those who for sufficient
reason might wish to be present.
Dr. Marshall C. Balfour, Regional
Director of the Rockefeller Founda-
tion in the Far East, is expected to
speak in the Auditorium of the
School of Public Health today at
1:30 p.m. Dr. Balfour has been
intensely engaged in malaria control
in the Far East, especially in India
and China, where he was concerned
with control of malaria along the
Burma Road. Dr. Balfour's talk will
Religious services «ill be held to-
night at the k Reereund ata H
7:45 o'clock. Reverend Edward H.
T? rwti ri n "1xn TYvscs " f Tsi "~i.
By Crockett Johnson
.1 _ _ _ _ _ _ _
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