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E.B. 6, 1944
Edited and managed by students of the University of.
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
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r . . Sports Editor
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NIGHT EDITOR: JENNIE FITCH
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Need Money AND Jobs
HE FIRST STEP toward meeting the un-
avoidable difficulties of transition from war
to peace was taken by Congress when it passed
the Mustering-Out-Pay Bill allowing'from $100
to $300 for veterans of the Second World War.
This bill, however, cuts the scale of pay
64m $200 to $500 as originally proposed by
members of the Senate. Since this cut was
made, it is hoped that Congress is also plan-
ning an efficient government system that will
aid servicemen and will stimulate post war
planning and employment. Only then can the
cut be justified.
Little has been done so far by Congress to en-
courage a Post-War plan that will be completed
and ready for use when fighting ceases and
peace terms have been made.
Congress has still not acted upon President
Roosevelt's proposal that appropriations be
made to provide for an educational program
for veterans, nor has it acted upon a bill mak-
ing veterans eligible for social-security ser-
The Mustering-Out-Pay for veterans is good,
until the money is all gone. When that time rolls
around, those veterans must have other means
of existence. Post-War planning must start now,
so that veterans will have jobs when hostilities
cease and when their mustering-out-pay has
been used up.A --Agie Miller
USO Should Not Ban
A HIGH HANDED ACTION was taken by USO
' President C. I. Barnard in banning the
Y.M.C.A. distribution of a Public Affairs pam-
phlet in USO clubs because it was "too contro-
Te theme of this booklet, "The Races of
Mankind," is that "all the peoples of the earth
are a single family, the race are like broth-
ers." "Racial characteristics" are merely those
that have arisen by physical-differences. For
example, Jews are a people who practice the
Jewish religion and are of all races; physically
they resemble the populations among whom
they live. Outstanding character and intelli-
gence is not inborn in any group but is a mat-
ter of learned behavior."
Obviously this subject is controversial, one on
which everyone has definite opinions. That,
however, doesn't offer the slightest excuse for
halting the distribution to servicemen.
This booklet is prepared by embers of the
Columbia University faculty for the Public
Affairs Committee, Inc., a non-profit, educa-
tional organization. It is the same pamphlet
Political Action Is Often
Mandate from People
IT IS a strange American custom that anytime
a high official in our government tries to put
through a law which will benefit the majority of
the American people he is immediately accused
of "playing politics" in order to corner votes for
a coming election.
Such has been the case with the federal sol-
dier vote bill which President Roosevtlt has
strongly advocated and which at least 60% of
the people in this country desire. The argu-
ment has been that a federal soldier vote
would give President Roosevelt the votes of
most of the servicemen overseas. So to pre-
vent this, they advocate instead a plan which
will prevent many of these servicemen from
having any vote at all.
They forgot, or perhaps they remembered, that
if these soldiers were to have a vote they would
probably vote for the president's re-election.
They have not changed the opinion of these sol-
diers by ignoring the federal soldier vote plan.
They have merely prevented these soldiers from
expressing their opinions.
Similarly when the issue of pensions for dis-
charged servicemen and for war veterans has
been brought up, those who are in favor of lib-
eral allotments were accused of angling for votes.
These accusations are ridiculous in that they
claim that because someone is attempting to
pass laws which are beneficial and pleasing to
the majority of people, he is "playing politics."
A congressman or president is selected by the
majority of the people to see that a government
"of the people, by the people and for the people"
is maintained. If he succeeds in doing this, he
should be re-elected. -Louise Comins,
DREW % eA.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 6.-Those who have talk-
ed with Democratic Senator Burt Wheeler, bitter
isolationist foe of the President, have recently
noted a significant change. A lot-of the old bit-
terness is gone. That doesn't mnean that the
Senator from Montana is any Roosevelt enthus-
iast. He is not. But he has become somewhat
more mellow and, strangely enough, more or less
reconciled to accepting the President for a
Moreover, Wheeler is not the only anti-
Roosevelt Democrat around Capitol Hill who
feels that way. The feeling is growing-and
there is good reason.
In the first place, though nobody is shouting
it from the housetops, compromise feelers have
gone out'from those around the President. The
compromise Is that, in return for conservative
Democratic support, he would let the conserva-
tive wing of the party select his running mate.
This is an important olive branch. Old
Guard Democrats are all too aware of the
President's desire to set up a world peace or-
ganization and perhaps become head of it.
They realize the chances are strong that he
might step out of the Presidency for this or
other reasons, leaving their man in the White
Also, as they look around the political horizon
and admit that there is only one Democrat who
can possibly buck the strong Repubican tide-
namely; FDR-they are more and more inclined
to accept victory with FDR than defeat without
him. It's a lesser of two evils.
Of course, these compromise soundings are
still on the nebulous side and once-removed
from the throne. Nevertheless, they are auth-
entic enough to have caused quite a change
among'leaders of the Wheeler, Gillette, Clark
Note: Keep an eye on Jim arley. You may
see a mellower note in his bitterness, too.
President and the Press ...
Though the President is supposed to hate
everything pertaining to the press, that isn't
When efficient Wayne Coy came in to see him
to submit his resignation as Assistant Director
of the Budget, Roosevelt at first tried to argue
him out of it. The President pointed out that
the Government had to h ve live-wire young
men and that they, in tn, owed it to their
country to serve, even if salaries were low and
abuse from the newspapers hard to take.
Coy then explained what he planned to do
after leaving the Government-become assis-
tant to Eugene Meyer, publisher of the Wash-
ington Post, the leading fair-minded news-
paper in the capital. In reply, the President
spread his hands on his desk, a customary ges-
ture with him when a matter is settled.
Note: The Washington Post opposed the Presi-
dent for re-election in 1936, and has attacked
many of his domestic policies, but has been be-
hind him on all war policies and in general since
John L. Lewis Still Flirts .
Despite all the shadow-boxing reported in the
newspapers, John L. Lewis and the AFL are sure
--- BySAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK, Feb. 6 - I do not quite know the
meaning of the Russians' sudden return to
states' rights. It sounds, a little bit, as if the
Russians have been listening to Sen. Taft de-
nounce centralized government, and have been
But I do not really believe that explanation;
I have heard that the Russians are turning to
the right, but I doubt whether they are actually
going Republican and returning to state govern-
ment for love of same.
IS IT A NEEDLE?
What, then, can the move mean? It has been
said that the Russians are "needling" us, for
some reason, that they are pushing their weight
about, that they are showing us who is boss, by
such cryptic moves as this one, of giving each of
the sixteen republics within the U.S.S.R. control
over its own foreign affairs and army forces.
I do not think the Russians are "needling" us.
I do not think so, because as pressure, the move
is too cryptic. There is not much point in cryptic
pressure. How can the Russians hope to move
us, by pressure that is mysterious, for ends that
Vagueness is not a virtue in a pressure de-
vice. Besides, in spite of many popular legends
to the contrary, the Russians have never been
especially enigmatic in applying pressure
against us. When they wanted a second front,
they used to say, in Pravda, "We want a second
front." When the Russians did not want us to
intervene in the Polish boundary question they
said: "We do not wish you to intervene at this
time." When they wanted to reprimand Mr.
Willkie for not being willing to give them
eastern Poland out of hand, they did not do it
by obscurely shifting the constables of Kiev to
Kuibyshev, or anything of that sort. They
said it out loud. The needling theory seems
to me to fall to earth. If they are needling us,'
what are they needling us for?
Besides, why did Molotov praise the Teheran
accord, in the very statement in which he an-
nounced the new political changes? His remarks
can only serve to convince us of the west that
our governments are getting along with Russia;
i.e., his remarks remove pressure. 'I doubt if we
are being "needled." A needle needs a sharper
WHAT HAS HAMLET DONE?
I have said, in the past, that to understand
Russian political maneuvers, one must, in every
case, study the objective result of the action
taken. In other words, if the Russians pour a
bucket of water on someone, the inference is not
that they are angry at him, but that they want
hift to be wet. What are the objective results
of this new move? Let us stop trying to analyze
Hamlet's character, and let us see what Hamlet
has actually done.
The objective results of thenew move are
that each of the Russian states has been given,
at least in theory, sovereign rights. These rights
go far beyond any American conception of states'
rights. Mr. Molotov has explained that each
Russian state will not only control its own for-
eign policy, and its armies, but he expressly
threw in and reaffirmed the right to secede. It
seems to me clear that he has done so with
particular reference to Estonia, Latvia, Lith-
uania and Old Poland. In other words, by giving
these states the attributes of sovereignty, the
Russians have set up a legal basis whereby these
states, or parts of state, may become Russian,
and still be recognized by us; i.e., they are not
captured territory, but sovereign members of a
federation, and thus we may deal with them.
EVEN IF IT'S A FAKE
Now, this grant of rights may be fake as can
be. I think it is. These states may be theoreti-
cally sovereign, but each will still be led by per-
sons whom Moscow trusts. The change is purely
formal and legalistic. But, even so, must we not
then say that the intention behind the new move
is conciliatory? Surely it is, no surprise to us
that Russia wants these territories. She has
said so often enough.
Against that background, cannot the theory
be supported that the new move actually repre-
sents a certain softening of the Russian atti-
tude, ,a kind of accommodation to our own
regard for legalism? As I say, I don't know the
full answer. But this reading seems to me to
rest on at least as good support as the eager
interpretation of the new move as a hostile one.
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
to kiss and make up soon. The formula now be-
ing worked out is for Lewis' United Mine Work-
ers to have complete authority over all the na-
tion's coal workers, including Midwest miners
who now belong to the AFL Progressive Miners'
Lewis would also take over all local AFL coke
and chemical workers' unions, in return would
disband District 50. This is the catch-all
union, under Lewis' daughter Kathryn, which
includes everything from chemical workers to
Bad news for Lewis' old friends in the CIO
would be the plan whereby he would turn round
and help the AFL organize the steel workers
and the auto plants.
(Copyright, 1944, United Features Syndicate)
L 1 n
I N A PERIOD of national tension
self validation becomes an import-
ant item for all citizens. Meanings
and enduring relationships should be
made the basis of behavior. Such
bases may slow down personal and
group reactions. But also they will
tend to stabilize the self, hold im-
pulses for review and expand the
range of supposed fact. The atroci-
ties just reported cause many to go
"off the deep end" and to feel right-
eous in their hate reactions. Yet, if
one can remind himself that it is
more necessary to have our neighbors
Professor Roy W. Swinton, Mrs.
Swinton and their daughter,Barba-
ra, safely held by the Japanese gov-
ernment for the eventual settlement,
than erased in their domicile at the
University in Manila, he may be able
to acquire poise.
We adopt the patterns we find in
the society in which we live. This
is true of the infant. It is true of
youth. Adults, likewise, are molded
daily by the printed page, the tone
of voice used by prestiged persons
or urgency conveyed by a radio
speaker. They are designed to
make each of us sign for a bond or
feel ill before noon and by night
be prepared to borrow cash enough
to buy. It is the office of character,
the function of personality and the
historic nature of religion to em-
phasize futures, to caution the im-
mature and bring wisdom to every
situation. Temperance is a virtue
needed as much in war as in peace.
It is the deep and quiet river which
turns the heavy turbines.
All who passed through World War
I will recall that a great Brooklyn
clergyman and author retired from
0 1944, Chlcag0'Timc,. n 71z.
"People must be losing interest in the war - ain't heard any
careless talkaround here in quite a while."
GRIN AND BEAR IT
active life discouraged and unfit. Ai-'
ter he had visited France he returned
to relate atrocity stories with great
eloquence. He was greeted with vast
audiences in universities, state legis-
latures and churches from coast to
coast. But finally when he became
aware that the trophies he carried
constituted an over statement and
much of the data he used as fact
could not be validated, he withdrew.
History makes him one more casual-
ty of high pressure on the home
front. General caution and the nec-
essary delay on the part of our State
Department, therefore, may have
been of greater service than the tall
headlines by our publications.
-Edward W. Blakeman
Counselor in Religious Education
DAILY. OFFICIAL BULLETIN
SUNDAY, Feb. 6, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 73-
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by "3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its public,-.
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.'
Fall Term Graduation Exercises
will be'held at 10:00 a.m. on Satur-
day, Feb. 19, in Hill Auditorium. The
address to the members of the grad-
uating classes will be given by Presi-
dent John A. Hannah of Michigan
State College. Admission will be by
ticket only, which students and mem-
bers of the general public may secure
at the office of the Vice-President
and Secretary, 1 University Hall.
Tickets may be secured after Feb. 9.
The Faculty of the College of Lit-
erature, Science and the Arts will
meet in Rm. 1025, Angell Hall, on
Monday, Feb. 7, at 4:10 p.m.
Notices of this meeting and tfie
proposed agenda and reports have
been distributed through campus
mail. Edward H. Kraus
Fourth War Loan Drive: To buy
War Bonds, call 2-3251, Ext. 7. A
"Bond Belle" will pick up your order
and deliver the bond the next day.
Use this service and help the Uni-
versity meet its quota.
University War Bond Committee
Special Payroll Deduction for War
Bonds: Arrangements can be made
with the Payroll Department to make
a special single deduction for pur-
chase of 'War Bonds from salary
checks due on Feb. 29 only. This
would be over and above the regular
deductions under the payroll savings
plan. Those wishing to use this
method should send written instruc-
tions to the Payroll Department re-
garding the amount of the bond and
the names and addresses in which it
should be registered. Deductions can
be made only in the amount of $18.75
or multiples thereof. Instructions
must reach the Payroll Department
Candidate Platform ...
If any candidate or any political
party is looking for a worth-while
platform, it can be found in .these
indisputable facts: In the states
east of the Mississippi River, 'the
freight rate on certain commodities
is 87 cents per 100 pounds. In South-
ern Missouri and Eastern Kansas, the
rate is $1.22 per 100 pounds. In Cen-
tral Oklahoma, the rate is $1.34 per
100 pounds. In that part of Okla-
homa lying west of the 100th meridi-
an, the rate is $1.53 per 100 pounds.
An honest pledge to cure that in-
equity might be surprisingly popular.
-Daily Oklahoman, Oklahoma City
not later than Feb.. 15. War Bond
purchases made by this method will
be counted in the Drive.
University War Bond Committee
Identification Cards: All students
who attended the University during
the Summer or Fall Terms are re-
quested .to. bring their identification
cards with them when registering for
the Sprimtg Term.
Office 'of the Dean of Students
Choral Upion Members whose rec-
ords of attendance are clear, will
please call for their courtesy pass
tickets to the Mscha Elman concert
between the hours-of 10 and 12, and
1 and 4, on the day of the concert,
Thursday, February 10, at the offices
of the University Musical Society in
Burton Memorial Tower. After four
o'clock no tickets will be issued.
Honor Societies: The attention of
honorsocieties is called to the fact
that the date' of Honors Convocation
has been set for April 21. It is re-
quested that all societies hold their
elections: as early as possible after
the beginning of the Spring Term so
that the names of new members may
be included in the Honors Convoca-
Admission to the School of Busi-
ness Administration: Students who
have completed 60 hours of college
work may be eligible for admission
to the School. Application for ad-
mission in the Spring Term should
be made prior to February 10. Appli-
cation/blanks may be procured and
arrangements made for interviews
with a member of the Admissions
Committee at Room 108 Tappan
Electrical Measurements, Physics
154, will be offered this coming Spring
Term in place of Physics 145.- The
hours will be Tu. and Th. at 10, with
the Laboratory Sec. I on Tuesday
afternoons, and Sec. II on Wednes-
day- afternoons, 1 to 5.
Master's Candidates in History:
The language examination for mas-
ter's candidates in History will be
held on Friday, Feb. 11, at 4:00 p.m.
in Rm. B, Haven Hall. Those intend-
ing to take the examination should
sign up in the History office, 119 Ha-
ven Hall, before Thursday, Feb. 10.
Bacteriology Seminar, Tues., Feb.
8 at 5 p.m. in Rm. 1564 East Medi-
cal Building. Subjects: 1) Patho-
genic Trypanosomes. 2) Incubation
period in laboratory animals of three
trypanosomes non-pathogenic for
Registration Materials for Spring
Term: Colleges of L.S.&A. and Arch-
itecture; Schools of Education and
Music: Registration materials for
the spring term should be called for
now. Architect counselors will post
a notice when they are ready to
Robert L. Williams, Asst. Registrar
Students planning to take English
torium of the Kellogg Building at
All food-handlers employed in
commercial establishments are re-
quired by City Ordinance to atted a
series in order to obtain a permanent
All persons concerned with food
service to University students and
who have not previously attended,
are asked to attend this series.
Choral Union Concert: Mischa
Elman, violinist, with Leopold Mitt-
man at the piano, will give the ninth
program 'in the 'Choral Union Cots-
cert Series, Thursday evening, Feb.
10, at 8:30 o'clock, in Hill Auditor-
The program willi consist of num-
bers by Handel, Brahms, Glazounoff,
Chausson, Spalding, Achron and
Prof. James K. Pollock will speak
on "Some Aspects of the German
problem" at 7:30 p.m. at the Inter-
national Center, followed by the
snack hour: light refreshments for
which there is a small fee. Everyone
is invited to the lecture and snack.
The Congregational-Disciples Guild
will meet at the Congregational
Church at 5:00 p.m. Mr. Hsing-Chih
Tien will speak on "Religious Philos-
ophies of China and the Post-Wa
World." A cost supper will be served
following the program.
The Lutheran Student Association
will meet this afternoon at 5:30
o'clock in Zion Lutheran Parish Hail,
39 E. Washington St. Supper will be
served at 6:00 and the program will
follow immediately. Dr. Harold Yo-
chum, president of the Michigan
Distriet of the American Lutheran
Church, and one of the six seminar
leaders of the National Lutheran
Student Ashram, will lead a discus-
sion on "Churchmanship."
Roger Williams Guild: The group
will hear Reverend Charles Mitchell,
who will review Harry Emerson Fos-
dick's book "On Being a Real Per-
son." The meeting begins at 5 p.m.
The University of Michigan Choir,
Palmer Christian, Conductor, will
give its first public performance of
this term at 4:15 p.m. today in Hill
Auditorium, when it appears in the
first of a series of Sunday afternoon
programs. The program is open t
the general public without charge.
Student Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to stu-
dents Wednesday, Feb. 9, from 4 to
The Women's Research Club will
meet Monday, Feb. 7, 1944 at the
West Lecture Room of Rackham
Building at 7:30 p.m. Speakers on
the program and their topics will be:
My Fairy Godfather, Mr. O'Malley,
and Gus the Ghost are out trying
to find the invisible leprechaun's_
By Crockett Johnson
I didn't imagine it-Where
did you soy the invisible
leprechaun was training?
That's what Mr. O'Malley
is going to find out.,.