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February 06, 1944 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-02-06

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Chuidy and Colder

VOL. LIV No. 73 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, FEB. 6, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Boucher, Straub State
Future Policy of Union
New Program To Include Orientation for
Servicemen, Action on 'U' Labor Shortage

Nely appointed Union officers,
Presid nt Roy Boucher and Secre-
tary Rupe Straub, who were formally
inducted into office at .the Installa-
tion Banquet yesterday, have issued
a statement of Union policy for the
coming semester.
The statement reads in part:
"The exigencies of war demand
that the Student Offices of the Union
be geared primarily towar activities
.during the coming term we shall
institute several projects intended to
make every serviceman feel that he is
more than merely an army or naval
trainee stationed here. An extensive
orientation program will be intro-
duced with the primary purpose of
making every soldier and sailor feel
that he is a student, that he is an
important part of the Michigan cam-
pus. We shall strive to make Union
membership mean something of val-
ue to every serviceman who carries a
Union membership card... .
To Initiate War Corps
"We shall initiate, as a major por-
tion of our activity, a Civilian War
Corps, aimed at alleviating the sev-
ere wartime labor shortage of such
University establishments as the hos-
pital, Health Service and Building
and Grounds Department ...
"Although the Union will direct its
efforts chiefly toward war activities,
it will continue its policy of being a
center for University social func-
tions . .
Awards Made
In recognition of their work, soph-
omore staff members were presented
with silver keys and executive coun-
cil members received gold keys. Bun-
ny Crawford and Chuck Dotterer,
outgoing officers, received gifts from
the Union finance committee.
The new Executive Council was
announced as follows: administra-
tion,. Tom Bliska; orientation, Bob
Gaulker and George Darrow; cam-
pus affairs, John Clippert and Bob
Precious; war activities, Bill Wood
and Jim Ilate; social activities, Dick
Chenoweth and Bob Grandy; publi-
city, Bob Lindsay and Don Larson..
Acting as toastmaster, Bunny
Crawford introduced the Board of.
Directors which is composed of: Dean
Joseph Bursley, Prof. Robert Rodkey,
Mr. May, Mr. Frank Kuenzel, Dave
Upton, John Timms and Dave Strif-
fler.
Following a Union tradition, Straub
presented Crawford and Dotterer
with life-time passes to Union dances.

Union Chiefs Installed

ROY BOUCHER
. . . new president.

Allies Smash
Nazi Attacks
Below Rome
Tank Destroyer Units
Form Defense Bulwark
Against New Thrusts
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Al-
giers, Feb. 5.-American tank de-
stroyer units and British infantry suc-
cessfully beat off the first concen-
trated German assault against the
two-weeks-old Allied Anzio beach-
head and late today were reported
holding tight to a line north of Car-
roceto, 24 miles south of Rome.
A 3 p.m. battle front dispatch from
Daniel de Luce, Associated Press cor-
respondent, said Allied forces had
absorbed a German tank and infan-
try attack and in bitter counter-
charges had restored breaches in
their line. American tank destroyers
were credited with definitely knock-
ing out four German tiger tanks in
one engagement.
The dispatch by deLuce said that
in day-long support of the threaten-
ed British salient Allied artillery
shelled the Germans so heavily that
"scores of Nazi prisoners appeared
dazed and giggled hysterically" as
they were led to Allied prison camps.
Nazi Dead High
German casualties were estimated
to have been extremely high in their
futile attempt to wipe out the salient.
Allied forces were being re-grouped
to contend with an expected all- out
German drive to wipe out the beach-
head and relieve pressure on Rome
and Nazi troops fighting in southern
Italy.
On the main Fifth ,Army front,
Germans and Americans fought with
everything from snipers to tanks in
the house to house fight for Cassino,
fortified gateway to the Liri Valley.
While the Germans in the south
sought to delay the Fifth Army's ad-
vance through gaps in the Gustav
Line and pre'vent the junction of the
main body with the units holding the
beachhead, it became evident that
the Nazi offensive south of Rome was
in its early stages. The Germans still
were problnkg for -a weak spt at
which to fling their main attacks.
Fighting Is Violent
(The German Communique quoted
Berlin military spokesmen as saying
that the fighting in Italy had reach-
ed "such violence and embitterment"
\that it equalled crucial struggles on
the Eastern Front, but the Allies
had "failed to achieve really out-
standing success.")
Although bad weather hampered
air operations, aircraft of the U.S.
12th Air Force bombed and strafed
motor transport and camps between
the main Fifth Army front and the
beachhead to prevent the Germans
from withdrawing reinforcements
from the south to smash Allied troops
occupying the coastal strip behind
the Gustav and Adolph Hitler lines.
U.S. To Pipe
Near East Oil
WASHINGTON, Feb. 5.-(P)-The
United States government will build
an oil pipe line from the Persian Gulf
area to the eastern shore of the Med-
itteranean at a cost estimated be-
tween $130,000,000 and $165,000,000,
Secretary of the Interior Harold L.
Ickes announced today.
The line, estimated to be 1,250
miles long, is designed to provide a

standing reserve of one billion bar-
rels of oil for use by the U.S. Army
and Navy "on very favorable terms",
Ickes said in issuing the announce-
ment for the Petroleum Reserves
Corporation of which he is president.
The project is covered by an
"agreement in principle" between the
government and two oil companies.

Scene of Pre-Invasion

I

Navy carrier-based planes set the hanger on the Jap-held airstrip
on Roi Island afire during a raid a few weeks before U.S. troops invaded
the island. Roi is connected by a coral strip and Jap-built roadway to
Namur Island. Note Japanese planes on airstrip.
American Troops Capture Three
Strategic Points in Marshalls
Seventh Division Seizure of Kwajalein, Loi;
Ebeye, Brings U.S. Controlled Islands to 19
By The Associated Press
U.S. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS, .Pearl Harbor, Feb. 5.-
Clinching America's grip on the biggest atoll of Japan's Marshall Islands,
Seventh-Division soldiers have killed virtually all defenders and captured
Kwajalein, Ebeye and Loi islands of the Kwajalein group.
Seizure of these three strategicpoints at the southern end of the atoll,
announced today by Adm. Chester W. Nimitz, runs to 19 the number of

A erialAttacks

1400 Allied Planes'
Hit French Targets
AAF, RAF Air Might Co niati es 21 Hour
Bombing; 200 Marauders Blast Coast
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Feb. 5.-An American armada of probably 1,400 planes car-
ried out one of the war's heaviest operations against multiple targets in
France today,, with heavy bombers hammering six of the Germans' prize
airfields to wind up two weeks of the most terrific sky bombardment the
world has ever known.
The U.S. Flying Fortresses and Liberators slashed into France to the
outskirts of Paris and Tours. ' The six airfields hammered to smoking
wreckage have been used by Nazi planes flying to Britain and challenging
the Allies' Reich-bound bomber fleets.
1,000 Tons Dropped
While officiAl figures were lacking, U.S. Army Headquarters said the
attacks were carried out by "strong forces" which probably mean that 700
heavy bombers escorted by around
500 fighters dropped something like
R d D i eO 1,000 tons of bombs.
At the same time huge formations
In P 1 1. of medium light bombers, including
WImore than 200 American Marauders,
pounded mysterious German' instal-
lations on the French Channel coast,
blocking the direct invasion route.
British Bostons and Mitchels hit still
Hungarian Divisions another airfield in' northern France.
Routed by Russians Frankfurt Hit Twice
Berlin's powerful long wave radio
On Way to Warsaw transmitters went off the air early
tonight for "technical reasons" sug-
By The Associated Press gesting that RAF night bombers were
LONDON, Feb. 5.-The. Red Army following up the American daylight
in a major westward sweep has raids with continued blows against
plunged deep into old Poland and the Nazi continent--possibly against
captured the important towns of Berlin itself which was blasted in the
Lutsk and Rovno along the main RAF's
railroad to Warsaw and more than lastheavy assault Jan. 30.
200 other communities, routing two heavy bombers hit Frankfurt twice,
Hungarian divisions and taking 2,000 once with a record 1,800 tons of
prisoners, Moscow announced to- bombs, Brunswick and Hannover with
night. 1,500 tons and Wilhelmshaven with
The new advance carried the Red 1,500 tons and made four attacks on
Army to within 50 miles of the Rus- France. The RAF has shattered Ber-
sian-German boundary established tin three times, each with at least
in 1939 and into points captured in 1,500 tons.
the first week of the German inva- Installations Hit
sion of Russia in' 1941. The an- IsaltosIi
nouncement, in a special order of As the four-engined giants dark-
the day from Premier Marshal Jo- ened the skies over Europe for the
seph Stalin, came two days after the eighth time in nine days, American
Germans announced they had evacu- Marauders cracked down once more
ated the key towns of Lutsk and on the enemy's secret installations
Rovno. just aciross the Channel from Britain.
The Russians were now 85 miles More than 200 Marauders were in-
inside the old Polish frontier on an eluded in the fleets of American and
east-west line and 60 miles from .its British light bombers which attacked
nearest point. It was a 50-mile gair the northern France invasion coast
from the last reported positions held and returning crewmen said the Ger-
by the first Ukrainian front armies mans threw up intense flak although
of Gen. Nikolai F. Vatutin. Nazi fighters were not encountered.
In the north, troops of the Lenin- Marauder pilots, Flight Officer
grad front were clearing the last iso- James H. Davis of Dallas, Tex., and
lated German units from the east Lt. Clyde S. Cherry of Denver, Colo.,
bank of the Narova River. brought their planes back on one en-
gine and made perfect belly-land-
7- -"I ings.

t

RUPE STRAUB
... new secretary.

Workshop at Rackham Saturday
Will Discuss Recreation Problems-

Featuring all phases of modern
recreation problems, the Southeast-
ern Michigan Recreational Workshop
for volunteer and professional work-
ers will convene at 9 a.m. Saturday
in Rackham.
The conference is sponsored by the
CoorcTinating Committee on Recrea-
tion, Defense Councils of Wayne,
Washtenaw and Macomb Counties,
Willow Run Area Recreation Project
in cooperation with the Washtenaw
County Youth Guidance Committee,
the University physical education
department, the physical education
department of Michigan State Nor-
mal College, the extension service
and the adult education program of
the University.
Allen To Give Address
The day's program will begin with
a general assembly in the Rackham
amphitheatre at 9:15 a.m., which
will be addressed by Ross L. Allen, of
the University physical education
department. He will outline the pur-
pose and plan of the Workshop.
An exhibit of recreational mater-
ials prepared by Edith Thomas, of
the Library Extension Service, will
be shown in the Rackham foyer.
Speakers Named
The opening panel discussion will
deal with "Wgat Is Recreation-an
Interpretation of Its Scope and Po-
tentialities." Hans J. Schmidt, direc-
tor of the Willow Run Area Recrea-
tion Project, will preside as chair-
man for the panel.
Other speakers appearing on this
panel will be Catharine Richards,
Executive Secretary, Detroit Girl
MYDA To Hold Panel
Discussion on Fascism
Michigan Youth for Democratic
Action will hold a public panel dis-
cussion at 7:45 p.m. Tuesday in the
Union to discuss fascism and its
manifestations in the United States.
Agenda for the meeting will in-

Scouts, Inc.; Donald Phillips, Asst.
DirectorhCivilian War Services, Of-
fice of the Director of Civilian De-
fense; William S. Goodell, Associate
Regional Executive, United Service
Organizations.
Following this general discussion
Assembly will divide into section
meetings where various phases will
be taken up suchas the recruiting
and training of volunteer leaders,
music, group physical activities and
demonstrations.
The afternoon section meetings
will convene at 1:30 p.m. and con-
tinue until 3 p.m., during which
time the questions of recreation as
an aid to community organization,
social recreation and church recrea-
tion will be considered.
The complete program for the
Workshop, including speakers and
subjects, will appear in The Daily
next week.
Panel To Be Held by
Post-War Council
'An International Police Force?"
will be the topic for discussion at a
Post-War Council panel at 7:30 p.m.
Wednesday in the Union.
Ruth Daniels, '44, Chairman of the
Council, announced yesterday that
this panel will take the form of a
combination student-faculty discus-
sion.
Joyce Siegan, George Simmons,
and Harvey Weisberg will compose'
the student panel. Representing the
faculty will be Prof. Arthur Aiton of
the history department and Max
Dresden of the physics department.
Mustering-Out Pay Set
For Armed Services
WASHINGTON, Feb. 5.-( P)-The
armed services made a start today
on a $3,000,000,000 disbursement job

Kwajalein's 30-odd islets now in Am
Recital Series
Begins 'Today
Dr. Palmer Christian
Will Direct 'U' Choi'
Opening the February Sunday aft-
ernoon organ recital series, Dr. Pal-
mer Christian, organist, and the Uni-
versity Choir will present a joint con'
cert at 4:15 p.m. today in Hill Audi-
torium.
The University Choir, choral group
organized as a class given for aca-
demic credit in the music school and
directed by Dr. Christian, will make
its first public appearance of the
year this afternoon, singing a group
of three sacred numbers and a sec-
ond group of songs by modern Am-
erican composers.'
Selections Listed
Selections by the choir include ko-
daly's "Ave Maria"; Arensky's "Praise
Ye the Yord in Heaven"; and Pan-
chenko's "The Beatitudes." Three
choruses, "Chemical Analysis," "A
Sad Song" and "A Nonsense Song"
from "Rosemary" by Randall Thomp-
son with lyrics from "Tiger Joy" by
Benet, and William Schumann's
"Prelude for Women's Voices" with
text from "Look Homeward, Angel"
by Thomas Wolfe, comprise the sec-
and group.
Many Nationalities Represented
Dr. Christian's program is also
arranged in two parts, one to be
presented before and one after the
choir's appearance. The first group
includes Bohm's "Prelude and Fugue
in C"; Lully's "Aire Tendre"; Ram-
eau's "Minuet and Gigue. en Ron-
deau"; Stamitz's "Andante"; and
Bach's "Fantasy and Fugue in C
minor.
The second group, representing
Russian, Flenish, French composers.{

erican hands. Many of the 'remain-
> ing islands are militarily unimport-
ant.
The victory affords,the Allies an-
other potential airfield on Kwajalein
island and seaplane bases at Ebeye.
Four-division Marines earlier had
swept across Roi and Namur islands.
to clinch control of the north end of
the atoll.
Continuing their steady push up
the eastward edge of the big atoll,
Army troops already are attacking
Gugegwe, just north of Loi, Admiral
Nimitz' press release said. Gugegwe
had been strongly fortified, and Jap-
anese artillery definitely answered
the mighty American fleet's pre-in-
vasion bombardment. On Loi, in-
vading troops wiped out the Japanese
garrison quickly after a similar heavy
shelling and bombing. Gugegwe is
expecter to fall soon.
Carrier-based planes still roam
widely over the Marshalls, supporting
the ground invasion. Eniwetok atoll,
in the northwest corner of the Marsh-
alls, an important enemy supply base,
was bombed Feb. 3, Admiral Nimitz
said.
He also announced Wake island,
600 miles north of the Marshalls, was
bombed for the eleventh time Friday.
Yank Airmen
Smash Wewak
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
THE SOUTHWEST PACIFIC, Feb.
6, Sunday-))- For the second
straight day, Allied airmen have
ripped Japanese aerial strength at
Wewak, New Guinea. Gen. Douglas
MacArthur reported today the We-
wak area was hit with 108 tons of
bombs, raising to more than 300 the
tonnage of explosives poured on the
main New Guinea base in two days.
So intense was the latest bombing
of Wewak that fires still burning
from the first day's attack and those
started anew were visible for 50
+ miles.

Party Switches
Political Issue
WASHINGTON,. Feb. 5.-(AP)-Ad-
ministration Democrats have switch-
ed emphasis to domestic issues in
their current pre-convention cam-
paign, as Republicans get ready to
select next Saturday in ew Mexico
the first delegates to either political
national convention.
Both Robert J. Hannegan, - new
chairman of the Democratic national
committee, and Senator O'Mahoney
of Wyoming, just named to direct the
1944 drive to re-elect, Democrats to
the Senate, are charging the opposi-
tion with efforts to capitalize on pop-
ular discontent with wartime eco-
nomic controls.
Hannegan told a Jackson Day rally
in Alabama that patriotic Americans
realize that economic sacrifices are
necessary and that Republicans must
answer to the charge of "making
capital" of inconveniences arising
from such things as rationing and
price controls.
O'Mahoney, in taking over the
senatorial campaign committee
chairmanship, said the transforma-
tion of the nation's economy to meet
the requirements of war has been a
burden which has produced discon-
tent.

H~Jichigan Wi ns
2-Mile Relay
Trackmen Take Race
At Millrose Games
Michigan's crack two-mile relay
team last night won their specialty
at the annual Millrose Games in
Madison Square Garden although
tailing to set a new record in the
event.
The Michigan quartet, composed
of Bob Ufer, Bob Hume, John Rox-
borough and . Ross Hume, flashed
across the finish line in the fast time
of 7:53.4, about six seconds off the
present record. Advance notices had
predicted a record-smashing perfor-
mance for the Wolverines, but the
other teams in the field did not press
them sufficiently. The Rochester re-
lay team placed second, followed by
Dartmouth and Penn State.
Wolverine contestants in other
events did not fare so well. Ufer was
defeated in the special 600-yard dash
and Ross Hume was scratched in the
mile. Elmer Swanson and Bob Segula
failed to capture any honors in the.
65-yard high hurdles and pole vault,
respectively.
The Wanamaker Mile, one of the
special events of the evening, was
captured by Gil Dodds, the Boston
Divinity student, in the fast time of
4:10.6. Bill Hulse of New York trailed
him across the finish line.
Senate Shuns Action
OnF federal Ballot
WASHINGTON, Feb. 5.-P)-Ob-
viously outnumbered on the floor,
the Senate's adminstration backers
of a federal war ballot bill forced a
surprise adjournament today and
staved off a showdown on a touch-
and-go fight over voting legislation
for the armed forces.
Forty-four senators-five short of
a quorum-answered the opening
rollcall and Democratic leader Bar-

WORLD STUDENT SERVICE FUND MAKES PLEA:

Drive Seeks Textbooks for Prisoners of War

'v_ _

Designed to create a stockpile of
textbooks for prisoners of war all
over the world-books repeatedly
requested by them-a campus drive
for books under the auspices of the
World Student Service Fund, will
get under way tomorrow.
Receptacles for the books will be
placed in the League, Union and
International Center.
Sponsored by Pan-hellenic, As-
ch1r+'hl Trnirnn wnmen's War

universities, preparat ,ry schools
and theological seminaries of the
United States.
The book collection has become
an important part of the WSSF
appeal. During 1943 more than
6,000 books were sent for imprison-
ed students in the various theatres
of war and for those interned in
Canada and in the United States.
Many of the recipients have been
American prisoners of war in Ger-
many and Japan. hany to have a

of instruments-WE NEED MORE
BOOKS."
A British prisoner in an Italian
hospital writes: "Many, many
thanks for your parcel of books
which will greatly assist us in pass-
ing the long hours of a hospital
day."
Allied prisoners of war are not
the only recipients of, these books.
Axis prisoners interned in Allied
camps may also benefit from this
fund.

who are without means and separ-
ated from their families are able
to cultivate their knowledge."
With the growing demand for
more books, this year's goal for the
WSSF is 1,000 books.
Students wishing to donate books
should conform to the following
specifications: College text books
can be in any subject, and must be
still in surrent use, unless they are
classics in their field. Language
study books for any language, and

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